Anda di halaman 1dari 8

8/18/2017 HowtoChoseSuitableSizeofElectricCable&CircuitBreaker|ElectricalTutorialsUrduHindi

ABO UT US CO NTACT US P RI VACY P O LI CY

Electrical
Tutorials
UrduHindi
Alargesthubof
Electrical/electronic
Urdu+Hindivideos
tutorials

ElectricalWiirng _ElectricalWiringTutorials _HomeWiringTutorials _3PhaseWiring

_UPS/InverterWiringTutorials Resistance&Resistors ElectricalFormulas ElectricalCalculation

Adsby Google
ElectricalUrdu&HindiTutorials
WireCircuitBreaker ElectricCircuit

ElectricalCableSizing AirConditionerSizing

Home Electricalcalculation ElectricalFormulas HowtoChoseSuitableSizeofElectricCable&


CircuitBreaker SearchHere...

HowToChoseSuitableSizeOfElectricCable&
CircuitBreaker PopularPosts

PostedBy:SikandarHaidar 2:22AM 3Comments


Singlephase SinglephaseMotor
Motor WiringAndControlling
Hieveryonetodayiamheretoguideyouabouttheselectionofcablesizecircuit
Wiring And UsingCircuitBreaker
breakerforsinglephasehousewiring,formthispostyouwillcompletelyunderstandto TodayIamwritingaboutthesingle
Controlling phasemotorwiringandalsosharing
findoutthesuitablesizeofcircuitbreakerandelectriccablesizewithcompleteexamples Using adiagramaboutthesinglephase
Circuit
motorwiringandcontrollingus...
andcablesizechart.Inthispostiwillcompletelyguideyouthathowtocalculatetheload
ofelectricalhouseappliances.Iwilldiscusseachstepandalsoavideotutorialwhichwell How to HowtoChoseSuitable
bebestforyoutomakeyoucompleteunderstood. Chose SizeofElectricCable&
Suitable CircuitBreaker
Size of Hieveryonetodayiamhereto
guideyouabouttheselectionof
SelectionOfCableSizeWireSizeAnd Electric
Cable &
cablesizecircuitbreakerforsingle
phasehousewiring,formthispost...

SelectionOfSuitableSizeOfCircuitBreaker SinglePhase3Wire
ForHouseWiring SubmersiblePump
WiringDiagram
InthispostIamwritingaboutthe3
wiresubmersiblepumpwiring
diagramandsharingavideotutorial
Beforewestarttalkingabouttheselectionofcableaccordingtoloadorselectionofcircuit InUrdu/Hindilanguagewhichwil...

breakeraccordingtoload,firstweneedtodiscusssomeimportantpoints.Asyouknow
Portable PortableGenerator
thatialreadypublishapostandvideotutorialaboutthelawsofresistance.Andwecan
Generator ChangeoverSwitch
notignoretheresistance. Changeover WiringDiagram
Todayiamheretoguideyouabout
Switch thegeneratorchangeoverswitch
Wiring wiringdiagramforaportable
Inlaw'sofResistanceweknownthattheresistanceisdirectlyproportionaltoLength,so Diagram
generatortoconnecttohousewiringorh...
ifweincressthecablelengththenourcableresistancewillalsoincreaseandduetothis
wefacesomevoltagedropinelectriccables. CT CTInstallationWith
Installation AmmetersFor3Phase
With System
Intodaypostiamsharingwiththe
Soinlowlengthofelectriccablewecanneglectsthevoltagedropbutinlonglengthof Ammeters completeguideabouttheCT
For 3 Phase installationfor3phasesystemwith
electriccablewecannotneglectstheelectriccable,sobeforewecalculatetheloadorto System
ammeterconnectiondiagram.Asyoukn...
choseelectriccable,weneedtotalkaboutthevoltagedrop.
ElectricalLoad
CalculationInAHouse
ByUsingSimple
AccordingIEEEroleB23voltagedropshouldnotbeincressform2.5%ofincoming Formula
Beforewetakeasteptodo
supply,Iftheprovidedelectricsupplyis220volts. electricalhousewiring,firstweneed

Then220x(2.5/100)=5.5volts.
http://www.electricaltutorials.org/2017/01/selectioncablesizecircuitbreaker.html 1/8
8/18/2017 HowtoChoseSuitableSizeofElectricCable&CircuitBreaker|ElectricalTutorialsUrduHindi
Then220x(2.5/100)=5.5volts. todoelectricalloadcalculation,andtofindoutthecomplete
loada...
Sotheavailablevoltagedropis5.5voltsfor220voltssupply.

Single SinglePhase
Hereistheelectriccablesizesandit'sratedloadtableinwhichishownthewiresize,it's Phase DistributionBoard
currentcarryingcapacityandvoltagedrop.Thistablehelpyoutofindoutthesuitable Distribution WiringDiagram
Todayiamgonnatotechyouabout
Board singlephasedistributionboard
cablesizeforyourhousewiring. Wiring wiringdiagramandinstillationwith
Diagram
videotutorialguide.Inelectrica...

3 Phase 3PhaseDistribution
Distribution BoardDiagramFor
Board MultiStoryHouse
Diagram For Building
Multi Story Inthispostyouwilllearnaboutthe3
phasedistributionboarddiagramfor
House
multistoryhouseorbuilding.InthediagramIshownthe
comp...

Electrical ElectricalInstallationIn
Installation HouseInUrdu/Hindi
In House In Todayiamgonnatotechyouabout
theelectricalinstallationinhome,in
Urdu/Hindi thispostiwillclearyourmindabout
theinstallationofelec...

Distribution Distributionboardlights
board lights indicatorWiring
indicator DiagramForSingle
Wiring Phaseand3Phase
Diagram For Asyouknowthatweuselight
indicatorsindifferentelectricboards
Single
fordifferentuses,thispostisaboutthelightsindicatorwiring
d...

PoweredbyBlogger.

Subscribe
Temperatureisalsoaffectonelectricwire,sowecan'tneglectsthetemperature,a
Doyouwantfreshandhotupdatesabout
electriccablehavecangetdifferentcurrentloadcapacityondifferenttemperature.Here
us?ThensubscribetoourFeeds.
thetemperaturefactortablewhichhelptochosethecorrectsizeofelectricwire.

Email address...

AboutMe
SikandarHaidar
SikandarHaidarkhanisa
electricaltechnology
studentwholovetolearn
aboutnewthingsinelectrical
technologyandsharewithworld.He
writesaboutelectricalrelatedarticles
onhisblog.
Viewmycompleteprofile

HouseElectricalLoadCalculation(ResistiveAnd Followers

Inductive)
Nowcometoloadcalculationthathowcanwecalculatetheelectricalload.Hereitrymy Google+Followers
besttomakeyouunderstoodabouttheloadcalculationusingasimpleloadcalculation
formula.

Forloadcalculationweuseformulapower/pressure=load
forexample100W/220V=0.45A(notethatthisformulacanbeusedforresistiveloador
DCLoad)

HowToCalculateTheCompleteHouseWiringLoad
http://www.electricaltutorials.org/2017/01/selectioncablesizecircuitbreaker.html 2/8
8/18/2017 HowtoChoseSuitableSizeofElectricCable&CircuitBreaker|ElectricalTutorialsUrduHindi
HowToCalculateTheCompleteHouseWiringLoad

Soletstakeahouseelectricalwiringloadcalculation

Forexampleourhousehave2roomsandonekitchen,andwewanttofindoutit's
completeload.Firstweneedtofindouttheoneroomtotalload.

Inoneroomwehaveoneceilingfan,4lightbulborenergyseverlight,oneAirconditioner
andoutlets.Sowedividetheloadintwoparts,Load1andLoad2,

(Ceilingfan,lightsandoutletswillbenumberinginload1)
(Airconditionerandroomheaterwillbenumberinginload2)

Inoutletswecanuseiron,standfan,laptopormobilechargeretc.Firstweneedtoplus
thecompleteload.

LoadcalculationofRoom(load1)

Ceilingfan80x1=80watt
Lights4x25=100watt
Iron=1x1000=1000watt
LaptopandMobilechargeretc=200watt

Theseareload1ofaroom,sofirstweneedtoplusallloads

80+100+500+200+880watts
Weneedtoputin20%additionalloadso1380x(20/100)=276watt

Thecompleteloadis1380+276=1656watt

Ourincomingsupplyis220voltsso1656/220=7.52amps

Soourcompleteload1appliancesis7.52ampere.
(Hereistheceilingfannotaresistiveload,it'sainductiveload,forinductiveloadwealso
docaluclationofpowerfactor,butceilingfanwattisnottohighthatwedoinductiveload
calculation,howeverifwehavehighnumberoffaninbuildingthenwemustfallowthe
inductiveloadformula.)

Load2ofaroomareairconditionerorelectricheater,Nowadaysairconditionerare
mostly1650wattsorabove,orit'scanbeloverorhighthenthis,Howeverifyourair
conditioneris1650watts,andelectricheater2000watts.
SoAswedidnotusebothonsametimethenweneedtocalculatetheonlyoneload,so
weselectthehighload,so2000wattsisthehighload.

So2000watt/220volts=9.09ampere,buttheotherloadisAirconditionerandair
conditionerhaveinternallyinstallainductionmotorincompressor,soit'stakedouble
currentinstarting,

Therefor
Accordingtotheinductiveloadformula
power/(pressurexPowerfactor)

SoWatt/(voltsxPF)

1650/(220x0.95)=7.89Ampere

ToplusthestartingcurrentofAirconditionerthenourtotalloadis7.8x2=15.6amps

http://www.electricaltutorials.org/2017/01/selectioncablesizecircuitbreaker.html 3/8
8/18/2017 HowtoChoseSuitableSizeofElectricCable&CircuitBreaker|ElectricalTutorialsUrduHindi

Soourload2ofaroomis15.6amps

(Room2havealsosameloadlikeRoomonethereforwedidnotcalculatetheroom2
load)

Nowcometocalculatethekitchenload,

Ceilingfan80x1=80W
lights25x4=100W
OutletsLoad1200W

Sothetotalloadis1380samelikearoom,nowplus20%additionalloadthencomplete
loadis

1380x(20/100)=276
1380+276=1656W

Sotheloadis1656watt/220volts=7.5

Outletloadcanbeafridge/refrigerator,orotherelectricalappliances,howeverwedid
notfallowtheinductiveloadformula,weusetheresistiveloadformula.

Asyouknowthatwealsousethewaterheaterinourhouse,inPakistanweusemostly
use1200wattelementinwaterheatergeyser,soifwehavetowaterheaterinourhouse
oronewaterheaterinwhichtheelementisinstall2400.

Sothisisresistiveloadthereforeweuseresistiveloadcalculationformula.

2400/220=10.9

WaterPumpMotorLoadCalculation.

Mostlyweuse1HPwaterpumpmotorinourhouse,weknowthat1HPmotoris746
watt.Sothisisalsoainductionmotorthereforeweusetheinductiveloadcalculation
formula.

746/(220x0.95)=3.5Sotoplusthestaringcurrentthetotalloadis=7A

SelectionOfCableSize/WireSizeSelectionFor
ElectricalLoad
Thecompleteload1ofroomis7.5ampere,soaccordingthewiresizetablethesuitable
sizeofcableis2.5mmwire(7/.029),becauseit'scantake18amps.
Ifyourenvironmenttemperatureis40Centigradethenaccordingtemperaturefactor
currentcarryingcapacityof2.5mmcableon104Fahrenheit.

So40Cis140Fthereforaccordingcabletemperaturefactortableis0.94

Sothe2.5mm(7/0.29)currentcarryingcapacityis18Amperetherefor

18x0.94=16.9amps

http://www.electricaltutorials.org/2017/01/selectioncablesizecircuitbreaker.html 4/8
8/18/2017 HowtoChoseSuitableSizeofElectricCable&CircuitBreaker|ElectricalTutorialsUrduHindi

Andourtotal(load1)is7.5amps,andthe2.5mmcurrentcarryingcapacityon40Cis
16.1ampsthereforthe2.5mmor7/0.29wireissuitablewireforthisload.

NowcometoLoad2inwhichtheairconditionerget15.6ampereofcurrentinstarting
time,sowechosethecableregardingstartingcurrent.
Sothetotalcurrentis15.6amps,soaccordingthesuitablecabletablethesuitablewire
size2.5mmbutwhenit'scometotemperaturefactorthen

(iftemperatureis40C)18x0.94=16.9amps

Ourstartingcurrentofairconditioneris15.6amps,and2.5mmwirecurrentcarrying
capacityon40Cis16.9therefor2.5mmwireissuitableforthisload.

(The2.5mmcableisbestforthisloadaccordingtheloadcalculationandformulabut
whenyouchangeyourAirconditionerorifairconditionergetmorecurrentonstarting
time,thenyourcablewillnotworking,soifyouuse4mmwireforyourairconditioner
thenthiswillbest)

Sowefindoutthat2.5mmofcableisbestforroomload1and4mmwireforroomload2.
The2ndroomhavealsosameloadlikeroomonethereforeweusethesamesizeofcable
for2ndroom.

Nowcometokitchenload,thekitchenload1issamelikearoomload1thereforeweuse
samewiresizeaswechoseforroomload1.

Waterheatertotalloadis10.9,accordingtothetemperaturefactorandcabletablethe2.5
mmwireisbestforthisload.

WaterPumpMotorSupplyCableSelection
Ourstaringcurrentofwaterpumpmotoris7Aandaccordingtothetable1.5mmwireis
bestforthisload,butwhenit'scometothetemperaturefactortable,sothe1.5wire
currentcarryingcapacityon40Cis
7x0.94=6.5A
Aftertemperaturefactorcalculation,weknowthatthe1.5mmwireisnotsuitablefor
waterpumpmotor,soweusethe2ndwireontable.Thenextwireis2.5mmwire,so
suitablecablesizeforsinglephasewaterpumpinductionmotoris2.5mm.

Howtochosesuitablesizeofcircuitbreakerforroom(MCB)

SelectionOfSuitableCircuitBreakerForHouse
Wiring(MCB&RCD)

Roomone(load1)totalloadis7.5ampere,thereforwechose10amperecircuitbreaker
Roomone(load2)totalloadis15.6amperethereforwechose20amperecircuitbreaker
RoomtwoissameloadlikeroomonethereforewechosesameMCBbreakersforthis
room
Kitchen(load1)totalloadis7.5amperethereforweselect10ampereCB.
Waterheatertotalloadis10.90amperethereforweselect16ampereCircuitbreaker.

Ifwehavewaterpumpmotorof1HPinourhousethen
1HP=746Watt

746/(220x0.95)=3.56
Soit'swilltakeisstartingtimedoublecurrent3.56x2=7.12
Sothesuitablesizeofelectriccableis2.5mmaccordingtable1.

http://www.electricaltutorials.org/2017/01/selectioncablesizecircuitbreaker.html 5/8
8/18/2017 HowtoChoseSuitableSizeofElectricCable&CircuitBreaker|ElectricalTutorialsUrduHindi

SoOurTotalloadis52Amps,sothesuitablesizeofRCDcircuitbreakeris63Ampsand
doublepolemaincircuitbreakerisalso63amps.

Asyouknowthatallelectricalappliancesarenotrunningonsametimeandmostly70%
loadrunningonalltime
Soourtotalloadis
52amps
52x70/100=36ampsSothesuitablesizeofelectriccableformainsupplyaccording
table1is16mm(7.064).Howeverifyourunningalltheloadonsametimethenyoumust
chosetheelectriccableaccordingyoutotalload.

(Notethattheaboveelectriccurrentcarryingcapacityloadtable/chartisfornumberone
qualitywires)
HowToFindOutSuitableSizeOfElectricCable/
WiresAndCircuitBreakers(Urdu&HindiVideo
Tutorial)

Itrymylevelbesttomakeyouunderstoodabouttheselectionofcablesizeandcircuit
breaker,butstillifyoudidnotunderstooditcompletelythenwatchthebelowvideotutorial
whichinyourownmotherlanguageUrdu&Hindi.Onethingmorethatinvideotutorialis
discusssomemoreimportantpointwhichididnotwriteinthisposttext.Soforbetter
understandingkindlywatchthebelowvideotutorial

Out Suitable Size Of Electric Cable & Circuit Breaker (Urdu & Hindi


Ihopeafterwatchingtheabovevideotutorialaboutthefindingofsuitablesizeofelectric
cableandcircuitbreakeraccordingtotheload,nowyouwillbecompleteunderstood.
Howeverifstillyouhavequestionoranysuggestionregardingthepostorvideotutorial
thenyoucanusethebelowcommentsystembox.

Tweet Share Share Share Share

PreviousPost NextPost

SikandarHaidar
Sikandar
Haidar

http://www.electricaltutorials.org/2017/01/selectioncablesizecircuitbreaker.html 6/8
8/18/2017 HowtoChoseSuitableSizeofElectricCable&CircuitBreaker|ElectricalTutorialsUrduHindi

RelatedPosts:

HowtoChoseSuitableSize ElectricalLoadCalculation
ofElectricCable&Circuit InAHouseByUsing
Breaker SimpleFormula

3Comments:

Unknown February24,2017at10:35PM

Superbvideo.Thisvideoisveryhelpfultome.ThankuSir.Sirpleaseuploada
videoabout3phasesupply.......

Reply

madanigambhir June16,2017at5:02AM

goodworkdearsikanderveryeasydescriptionsonice

Reply

madanigambhir June29,2017at5:52AM

sirhowcancalculationof3phaseloadofwiresize&MCCBtypein3phase
Exp:30kwmotor
3phase440v
length20m
PF0.9
conductoriscopper
isulationisPVC
maxvoltdrop...?plzRequired
Ambienttemperature...?plzRequired
sirplzbrefineaslystepbystep

Reply

Enteryourcomment...

Commentas: Unknown(Google) Signout


Publish Preview Notifyme

http://www.electricaltutorials.org/2017/01/selectioncablesizecircuitbreaker.html 7/8
8/18/2017 HowtoChoseSuitableSizeofElectricCable&CircuitBreaker|ElectricalTutorialsUrduHindi

Copyright2017ElectricalTutorialsUrduHindiAllRightReserved

http://www.electricaltutorials.org/2017/01/selectioncablesizecircuitbreaker.html 8/8