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TOPICAL MODULE

GEOMETRIC COMPONENT
TOPICS 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
P1 P2 P1 P2 P1 P2 P1 P2 P1 P2 P1 P2
COORDINATE
2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1
GEOMETRY
VECTOR 3 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
Total Question
5 2 4 2 3 2 3 2 4 2 4 2
By Paper

COORDINATE GEOMETRY

PAPER 1

1. Diagram 1 shows a straight line PQ. Point P lies on the x-axis and Q lies on the
y-axis. Given that the equation of the straight line is 3 y 2 x 4 = 0 . Find
y

3y - 2x - 4 =0

x
P O

Diagram 1
a. the coordinates of P.
b. the equation of a straight line which is perpendicular to PQ and passes
through the point P.

2. Given two fixed points M(-2 , 2) and N(4 , -3). A point P moves such that
PM:PN = 1:3. Find the equation of the locus P.

3. The triangle with vertices A(4 , 3), B(-1 , 1) and C(t , -3) has an area 11 units2. Find
the possible values of t.

x y
4. Given a straight line 3 y = mx + 1 is parallel to + = 1 . Find the value of m.
3 5
5. Given that the points K(2 , 1), L(-2 , 5h 1) and M (-2h , 4) lie on a straight line, find
the possible values of h.

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6. The points P(3, p), B(-1, 2) and C(9,7) lie on a straight line. If P divides BC
internally in the ratio m : n , find
(a) m : n ,
(b) the value of p.

7. The following information refers to the equations of two straight line JK and RT,
which are perpendicular to each other.

JK : 3y + x - 2 = 0
y
RT : = x + 7
p
where p is a constant. Find the value of p.

8. The points P( h , k ) divides A(a , 3a) and B(2k , 5h) internally in the ratio of 1 : 2 .
Express k in terms of h.

9. Find the equation of the line perpendicular to 3 y = 2 x + 5 and intercepts the x-axis at
x = 4.

10. Find the equation of the locus of the moving point P such that its distance from two
fixed points A(-2 , 0) and B(0 , 4) is such that 3PA = PB

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PAPER 2 (SECTION A)

1. Diagram 1 shows a rhombus ABCD. Given that the straight line AC intersects the
straight line BD at point T(2 , 4) and the equation of straight line AD is
9 y 7 x + 36 = 0

Diagram 1
a. Find
i. the coordinates of C.
ii. the equation of BD
b. A point P moves such that its distance from point A is always equals to the
distance of AT. Find the equation of the locus of P.

2. Diagram 2 shows two straight lines, AB and BC that are perpendicular to each other at
point B. Points A and B are on the x-axis and y-axis respectively. The equation of the
line AB is 4 y 3 x 16 = 0
y

C
4y - 3x - 16 = 0

x
O
A

Diagram 2
a. Find the equation of CB
b. If CB is extended until it intersects the x-axis at point D such that
CB : BD = 1 : 3 , find the coordinates of point C.

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3. Diagram 3 shows a straight line CD which meets a straight line AB at point D. The
point C lies on the y-axis.

B( 6 , 0 )
0
x
D

A ( 0 , -3 )

Diagram 3

a. State the equation of AB in the intercept form.


b. Given that 2AD = DB, find the coordinates of D
c. Given that CD perpendicular to AB, find the y-intercept of CD

4. (a) A point S moves such that its distance from point A(3,4) is always twice its
distance from point B(6,-2). Find the equation of the locus of S.

(b) Given point A (1,2) and point B (4, 5). Find the locus of point W which
moves such that AWB is always 900.

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5. Diagram 5 shows the straight line y 3 x = 5 and the points P(-4 , 1), Q(5 , -2) and
R(8 , n)

y
y - 3x = 5

R (8 , n)
P (- 4 , 1)

0 x
Q (5 , - 2)

Diagram 5
Given that the straight line passing through Q and R is parallel to the straight line
y 3x = 5
a. find the value of n
b. show that PQR = 90
c. find the area, in units2, of the quadrilateral OPRQ

6. Diagram 6 shows a parallelogram PQRS on a Cartesian Plane.

y
R (- 4 , 12)

S( 4t , 10)

Q( 0 , 2)

x
P( t , 0)

Diagram 6
a. Find the value of t.
Hence, state the equation of a straight line PQ in the intercept form.
b. N is a moving point such that its distance is in the ratio NR : NQ = 2 : 3 .
Find the equation of the locus of N.
c. Calculate the area of PQRS.

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7. In Diagram 7, the straight line PR cuts y-axis at Q such that PQ : QR = 1 : 3.
The equation of PS is 2y = x + 3.

y
R

Q(0 , 4)
S

x
P(-3 , 0)

Diagram 7
a. Find (i) the coordinates of R,
(ii) the equation of the straight line RS,
(iii) the area PRS.
b. A point T moves such that its locus is a circle which passes through the points
P, R and S. Find the equation of the locus of T.

8. The diagram 8 shows a straight line PQ which meets a straight line AB at the point Q.
The point P lies on the y-axis.

Diagram 8
a. Write down the equation of AB in the intercept form.
b. Given that 2AQ = QB, find the coordinates of Q.
c. Given that PQ is perpendicular to AB, find the y-intercept of PQ

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9. Given the points A(2 , 3), B(8 , 3) find
a. The locus of P such that its distance from A is 5 units.
b. The locus of Q that moves such that its distance from A and B are equal. Hence,
show that the two loci intersect at the points (5 , 7) and (5 , -1).
c. The locus of R that moves such that RA = 2 RB.

10. Given that A(3 , 6) and B(1 , -4), find


a. The equation of the perpendicular of AB and past point A.
b. The equation of the perpendicular bisector of AB.
c. The area of triangle ABO if O( 0 , 0)

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PAPER 2 (SECTION B)

1. Diagram 1 shows a straight line AB intersecting a straight line CD at D.

C
y

B(4 , 2)

D(0 , 1)

x
A

Diagram1
a. Given AB = 3DB. Find the coordinates of point A.
b. Find the equation of CD
c. If point C lies on the straight line y = 3 x + 8 , find the coordinates of point C.
d. If P(x , y) is moving point where the ratio of the distance from point A to point
B is 1:2. Find the equation of locus P.

2. Diagram 2 shows a triangle ABC. Point T internally divides line AB with a ratio 1:2

y B (5 , 7)

A (- 1 , 4)
C
0
x
Diagram 2
a. Find the coordinates of point T.
b. (i) Given that, the equation of the line BC is y 3 x + +8 = 0 , find the coordinates
of point C
(ii) Find the area of triangle ABC
c. The point P(x ,y) moves such that its distance from point A is two times its
distance from B. Find the equation of the locus of P.

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3. Diagram 3 shows three points A, B and C on the straight line 2 y = x + 4 such that
AB : BC = 1 : 4 . Find

y
C

B( 2 , 3 )

0
x

Diagram 3
a. the coordinates of A
b. the coordinates of C
c. the area of triangle COA
d. the equation for the image of AC under a reflection on the x = 0

4. Diagram 4 shows the straight line ABC intersects the line 5 y + x + 35 = 0 at point C.

A
-5
x
-4 B

C 5y + x + 35 = 0

Diagram 4
a. Write the equation of AC in intercept form
b. Find the coordinates of C
c. Given the point R moves such that ratio RA : RC = 1 : 2, find the equation of the
locus R.
d. Find the area of A0 B

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5. The diagram 5 below shows the straight line LK and MN.

L (-5 , 0)
x
M

K (0 , -7)

Diagram 5
a. Write down the equation of LK in intercept form.
b. Given that LN = 3NK. Find the coordinates of N.
c. Given that MN is perpendicular to LK. Find the y- intercept of MN.
d. Given that point A( x , y ) that moves such that AL : AK = 1:2. Find the
equation of locus of A.

6. Given A(5 , -2) and B(2 , 1) are two fixed points. Point Q moves such that the ratio of
AQ to QB is 2 : 1
a. Show that the equation of the locus of points Q is x 2 + y 2 2 x 4 y 3 = 0
b. Show that points C(-1 , 0) lies on the locus of point Q.
c. Find the equation of the straight line AC.
d. Given the straight line AC intersects the locus of point Q again at point D, find the
coordinates of points D.

7. A point P moves along the arc of the circle with centre G(2 , 3). The arc passes
through A(-2 , 0) and B(5 , t)
a. Find
i. the equation of the locus of the points P.
ii. the values of t.
b. The tangent to the circle at point A intersects the y-axis at point H. Find the area
or triangle OAH.

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8. The diagram 8 shows a rhombus PQRS. The equation of PS is 3 y + 7 x = 33 . Given
that PR is parallel to the straight line y = x

P Q (7 , 8)

S R

0
x
Diagram 8
a. the coordinates of P
b. the equation of PR
c. the equation of QS
d. the coordinates of S
e. the area of PQRS

9.

y K

J Q

x
L

Diagram 9
1
In diagram 9, P(2, 9), Q(5, 7) and R(4 , 3) are the mid point of the straight line JK,
2
KL and LJ such that JPQR form a parallelogram.
(a) Find,
(i) the equation of the straight line JK,
(ii) the equation of the perpendicular bisector of the straight line LJ.
(b) Straight line KJ is extended until it intersects the perpendicular bisector of the
straight line LJ at the point S. Find the coordinates of the point S.
(c) Calculate the area of PQR and consequently the area of JKL.

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10. Diagram 10 shows the straight line graphs PQS and QRT in a Cartesian plane.
Point P and point S lies on the x-axis and y-axis respectively. Q is the mid point of
PS.

y
S y-3x=4

Q
R (0 , 1)

P
0 x
T

Diagram 10
a. Find,
(i) coordinates of the point Q,
(ii) area of the quadrilateral OPQR.
(iii) The equation of the straight line which is parallel to QT and passes through S.
b. Given 3QR = RT, calculate the coordinates of the point T.
1
c. A point moves in such a way that its distance from S is its distance from the
2
point T.
(i) Find the equation of locus of the point T.
(ii) Hence, determine whether the locus cuts the x-axis or not.

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VECTOR

PAPER 1
1. Diagram 1 shows vectors OA and OB drawn on a Cartesian plane. Given that A(4 , 3)
and B(3 , -4)
y
A(4 , 3)

x
O

B(3 , - 4)

Diagram 1
a. express AB in form xi + y j
b. find the magnitude of OA

2. Given that a = 3i + 2 j , b = 2i + 5 j and c = 3i 4 j . Find the unit vector in the


direction of a 2b + c

3. Diagram 3 shows PQRS is parallelogram and PMR is a straight line. Given that
PQ = 3 x , PS = 2 y and PM = 2 MR , express QM in terms of x and y

P Q

S R
Diagram 3
4. O(0, 0), A(3 , 12) and B(0 , 4) are 3 points on a Cartesian plane. Given OA = 2r ,
OB = 3s and M is a point such that OM = 4r 6 s . Find
a. the coordinates of M
b. AB

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5. In diagram 5, ABCD is a quadrilateral. AC intersects the line BD at E.

D C

A B
Diagram 5
Given that AB = 12u , AD = 9v , DC : AB = 3 : 4 and AE : EC = 3 : 2 . Express
a. BC
b. AE
in terms of u and v.

4 5
6. It is given the vector u = and v = , find the value of k in each of the
8 k +1
following cases.
14
a. 2v + u =
12
b. u and v are parallel

7. Diagram 7 shows the vector a and b. On the square=grid, draw and label clearly a line
with direction that represents the vector OP = 3b 2a

Diagram 7

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3 12
8. Given OA = , OB = and C is a point lies on the straight line of AB with
4 9
5 AC = 2 AB . Find
a. AB
b. OC

m 2 10
9. Given u = and v = . Find the value of m if:
1 5
a. u and v are parallel
b. 2u + v parallel wit y axis

10. Given u = 2i + 3j and v = 2i + kj, find the values of k if 2u + v = 10

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PAPER 2 (SECTION A)


3
1
5
1. O, A, B and C are four points such that OA = , OB = and OC = . If D is a
5 3 3
point on AB such that AD = DB, find


a. DC


b. DC

2. Diagram 2 shows a triangle ABC where point E is on AB, point F is on AC and point
D is on the straight line CE. Given that 5AE = 2AB, CE = 4CD, AC = 6 CF, CF = x
and AB = 5 y
C

F
D

A E B

Diagram 2
a. Find
i. CE
ii. FD
iii. DB
b. Hence, prove that F, D and B are collinear.

4 1 k
3. Given that AB = , OB = and CD = , find
6 2 5
a. the coordinates of A
b. the unit vector in direction of OA
c. the value of k if CD is parallel to AB

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2
4. In diagram 3, PS = PQ , 2 PT = TR and OR = 4OQ . It is given that OP = a and
3
OQ = b
R

T
Q
S

O P

Diagram 3
a. Express ST in terms of a and b.
b. Find OT and hence, show that O, S and T are collinear

5. Diagram 4 shows triangle OPQ straight line PA intersects the straight line OB at R.
P

B
R
O

Q
Diagram 4
1 1
Given that OA = OQ , PB = PQ , OA = 4b and OP = 4a
3 3
a. Express in terms of b and/ or a
i. PA
ii. OB

b. (i) Given that PR = h PA , state PR in terms of h, a and b.


(ii) Given that RB = k OB , state RB in terms of k, a and b.

c. Given that PB = PR + RB , find the value of h and k.

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6.
P

3a
T S R
2b
a

Q 3b O
Diagram 5





In the diagram 5 , OPQ is a triangle. Given OQ = 3 b~ , RS = 2 b , OP = 3 a~ and


QT = a .
~

a. Find in terms of a~ and b~







QP, QS , ST and PT ,
b. Show that R, S and T are collinear.

7. In the diagram 6 above, ABCD is a rhombus, E is a point on BC such that




BE : BC = 1 : 4 . Given AB = 5 i~ + 3 j and AD = 7 i~ + 5 j .
~ ~

D C

A B
Diagram 6
Find





a. AC , DE , BE and CE ,


b. AD

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10 2 p
8. Given u = , v = and w = . Find,
4 5 q
1
a. u + 3v
2
b. Given u w = w v . Find the value of p and of q.

8 3
9. Given AB = and CD = AB . Find
6 2
a. the unit vector in the direction of AB
x
b. Express CD in the form of
y
c. If A is (6 , 9), find the coordinates of B.
d. If D (1 , 4), find the coordinates of C.

5
10. PQRS is a parallelogram. Given that PQ = i + j , PR = k i + 4 j and PS = 4i + h j
2
where h and k are constants,

a. find the values of h and k


b. find the length of the diagonal PR

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PAPER 2 (SECTION B)

1. Diagram 1 shows a triangle OPQ. T is the midpoint of OQ and the straight line OS
1
intersects the straight line PT at U. Given that OP = 8 p , OQ = 6q and PS = PQ
4
Q

T
U S

O P

Diagram 1
a. Express in terms of p and/or q .
i. PQ
ii. OS
iii. PT

b. i. Given that PU = h PT express PU in terms of h, p and q.


ii. Given that OU = k OS express OU in terms of k, p and q.

c. Using PU and OU from (b), find the values of h and k.

1
2. In diagram 2, OP = p , OQ = q , PR = 2q . S is the mid point of OP and QU = UR .
2
Given that SU and OR intersects at T.
R

Q
T

O S P
Diagram 2

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a. Express in terms of p and/ or q
i. OR
ii. QR
iii. QU

b. Given that ST = h SU and OT = k OR . State OT


i. in terms of h, p and q.
ii. in terms of k, p and q.

c. Hence, find the values of h and k

3. In diagram 3, APC and BPD are straight lines


C

D
P

A
B

Q
Diagram 3
Given that AB = 2 x , AD = y and BC = 3 AD
a. Express in term of x and / or y.
i. AC
ii. BD
b. Given that AP = m AC and BP = n BD . Express AP
i. in terms of m , x and y
ii. in terms of n, x and y
Hence, show that m + n = 1
4
c. If AQ = x y , prove that AC and QB are parallel.
3

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4. In the Diagram 4, OP = 8 p , OQ = 10 q and PS = 4 q .

S
10q
T
4q

O 8p P

Diagram 4
a. Express each of the following vectors in terms of p and/or q .
(i) OS
(ii) QP
b. Given that OT = a OS and QT = b QP , express OT in terms of
(i) a, p and q
(ii) b, p and q

c. Hence, find the values of a and b.


5. In the diagram 5, O is the midpoint of PR, SP = a + 4b , SR = 8a 3b and

RQ = 2k a b where k is a constant.
P

a + 4b

Q
O
S
2ka - b
8a - 3b

R
Diagram 5

a. Express in terms of and. a~ or b~






i. RP ii. PO iii. OS


b. Express SQ in terms of a~ , b~ and k.
c. If the points S, O and Q are collinear, find the value of k.

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6. Diagram 6 shows a triangle POQ. Given OP = p and OQ = q . Point X lies on OP
where OX : XP = 2 : 1 and Y lies on OQ where OY : YQ = 3 : 1 . The straight line QX
and the straight line PY intersects at point C.
Q

O X P
Diagram 6
a. Express PY and QX in terms of p and q.
b. Express OC
i. in terms of m, p and q if OC = OQ + mQX
ii. in terms of n, p and q if OC = OP + n PY
c. Hence, find the values of m and n.

7. In diagram 7, OA = a , BA = b , BA = 3BP and OC = 4OA . OP is extended and


intersects BC at Q.
C

A
P Q
a

O b B
Diagram 7

a. Express OP in terms of a and b.


b. Given that OQ = hOP and BQ = k BC , express OQ in terms of
i. h, a and b
ii. k, a and b
c. Hence, find the ratio of BQ : QC

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8. In diagram 8, vector OM = 2 p and ON = 5q
A B

M
L
2p

O 5q N
Diagram 8
a. Given that 3OM = MA and AB = 2ON . Express the following vector in terms
of p and/ or q
i. MN
ii. OB
b. Given that LN = h MN and LB = k OB . Show that OL = 2h p + 5(1 h)q and
OL = (8 8k ) p + (10 10k )q . Hence, find the value of h and of k.

1
9. In diagram 9, OAC, OPQ, APB and BQC are straight lines. Given that AP = AB ,
3
OQ = hOP , h > 1 and BQ = k BC . Given that OA = a , OB = b and OC = 3a
B

Q
b
P

O A C
a
Diagram 9
a. Express OP in terms of a and b.
b. Express
i. OQ in terms of a, b and h
ii. BQ in terms of a, b and k.
Hence, find the value of h and k.
c. Given that a = 3 units and the area of triangle BOC = 45 unit2, calculate the
perpendicular distance from B to OC.

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10. In diagram 10, shows a quadrilateral PQRS . PTS and TUR are straight lines. It is
2
given that PQ = 15 x , PT = 6 y , SR = 25 x 13 y . TS = 3PT and TU = TR
5
S

U
T R
6y

P 15x Q
Diagram 10
a. Express, in terms of x and y
i. QS
ii. TR
b. Show that Q, U and S are collinear
c. If x = 2 and y = 3 , find QS

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ANSWER COORDINATE GEOMETRY

Paper 1

1. a) P(2,0)
3 4
b) y = x
2 3
2. 8 x 2 + 8 y 2 + 4 x 42 y + 47 = 0
3. t = 0 and t = 22
4. m = 5
8
5. h = 1 and h =
5
6. a) m : n = 2 : 3
b) p = 4
7. p=3
14
8. k = h
9
3
9. y = x+6
2
10. 2 x 2 2 y 2 + 9 x + 2 y + 5 = 0

Paper 2 (Section A)

1. a) i) C (4,6)
ii) y = 3 x 2

b) x 2 + y 2 16 x 4 y + 48 = 0
4
2. a) y = x + 4
3
16 16
b) C ,
9 3

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x y
3. a) + +1
6 3
b) D(2,2)
c) y-intercept = 2
4. a) x 2 + y 2 18 x + 8 y + 45 = 0

b) x 2 + y 2 5 x + 3 y 6 = 0
5. a) n = 7
b) Show
c) Area quadrilateral OPRQ = 43.5 unit2
4
6. a) t =
3
b) 5 x 2 + 5 y 2 + 72 x 200 y + 1424 = 0
c) Area PQRS = 32 unit2
7. a) i) R (9,16)
ii) y = 2 x + 34
iii) Area PRS = 80 unit2
b) x 2 + y 2 6 x 16 y 27 = 0
x y
8. a) + =1
6 4
8
b) Q = 2,
3
4
c) y intercept =
3
9. a) x 2 + y 2 4 x 6 y 12 = 0
b) x = 5
c) x 2 + y 2 20 x 6 y + 93 = 0
1 33
10. a) y = x + or 5 y = x + 33
5 5
1 7
b) y = x + or 5 y = x + 7
5 5
c) Area of ABO = 9 unit2

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Paper 2 (Section B)

1. a) A(12,2)
1
b) y = x + 1
4
56 32
c) ,
25 25
d) 3x 2 + 3 y 2 + 104 x 12 y + 572 = 0

2. a) T = (1,5)
b) i) C = (3,1)
ii) Area ABC = 15 unit2
c) x 2 + y 2 14 x 16 y + 93 = 0

3. a) A(0,2)
b) C (10,7)
c) Area COA =10 unit2
1
d) y = x + 2
2

x y
4. a) + =1
5 4
b) C (5 , -8)
c) 3x 2 + 3 y 2 + 50 x 16 y + 11 = 0
d) Area AOB = 10 unit2

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x y
5. a) + =1
5 7
5 21
b) N = ,
4 4
61
c) y-intercept =
14
d) 3x 2 + 3 y 2 + 40 x 14 y + 51 = 0

6. a) x 2 + y 2 2 x 4 y 3 = 0 , show
b) Show, 0 = 0
1 1
c) y = x or 3 y = x 1
3 3
7 4
d) D = ,
5 5

7. a) i) x 2 + y 2 4 x 6 y 12 = 0
ii) t = 7 or t = 1
8
b) Area OAH = unit2
3

8. a) P = (0,11)
b) y = x + 11
c) y = x + 1
d) S = (3,4)
e) Area of rhombus PQRS = 40 unit2

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9. a) i) y = 8 x 7
ii) 4 y = 6 x 15

1
b) S = ,3
2
1
c) Area PQR = 6 unit2 and Area JKL = 26 unit2
2

2
10. a) i) Q = ,2
3
5
ii) Area of quadrilateral OPQR = unit2
3
3
iii) y = x + 4
2
b) T = (2,2)

c) i) 3x 2 + 3 y 2 + 4 x 36 y + 56 = 0
d) Not

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ANSWER VECTOR

Paper 1

1. a) AB = i 7 j

b) OA = 5 units

2. Vector unit in the direction a 2b + c =


1
(10i 12 j )
244
4
3. QM = x + y
3
4. a) M (6,12)

b) AB = 73 units

5. a) BC = 2u + 9v
27
b) AE = (u + v)
5
6. a) k = 1
b) k = 9
7.

15
8. a) AB = or 15i + 5 j
5

b) OC = 45 units

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9. a) m = 4
b) m = 3
10. k = 2 and k = 14

Paper 2 (Section A)
4
1. a) DC = or = 4i 7 j
7

b) DC = 65 units

2. a) i) CE = 6 x + 2 y

1 1
ii) FD = x+ y
2 2
9 9
iii) DB = x+ y
2 2
1
Prove =
9
3. a) A(3,4)

3
b) OA = or 3i 4 j
4
10
c) k =
3
1 2
4. a) ST = a + b
3 3
4 2
b) OT = b+ a
3 3
1
Prove, =
2

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5. a) i) PA = 4a + 4b
8
ii) OB = a + 4b
3

b) i) PR = 4h a + 4hb
8
ii) RB = k a + 4k b
3
2 3
c) k = and h =
5 5

6. a) QP = 3b + 3a

QS = b + a

ST = b

PT = 2a + 3b
b) Show = 2

7. a) AC = 12i + 8 j

1 3
DE = i j
4 4
7 5
BE = i+ j
4 4
21 15
CE = i j
2 4

b) AD = 74 units

1
8. a)
17
9
b) p = 4 and q =
2

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1 4
9. a) unit vector in the direction of AB =
5 3

12
b) CD =
9
c) B (14 , 3)
d) C (-11 , 13)
3
10. a) h = and k = 5
2

b) PR = 41 unit

Paper 2 (Section B)

1. a) i) PQ = 8 p + 6q
3
ii) OS = 4 p + q
2
iii) PT = 8 p + 3q
b) i) PU = 8h p + 3h q
3
ii) OU = 4k p + kq
2
1
c) h = and k = 1
2

2. a) i) OR = p + 2q
ii) QR = q + p
1 1
iii) QU = q + p
3 3
b) i) OT = k p + 2k q
1 1 4
ii) OT = h p + h q
2 6 3
3 2
c) h = and k =
5 5

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3. a) i) AC = 2 x + 3 y
ii) BD = 2 x + y
b) i) AP = 2m x + 3m y
ii) AP = (2 2n) x + n y
Show m + n = 1
c) Prove, = 3

4. a) i) OS = 8 p + 4q
ii) QP = 10q + 8 p
b) i) OT = 8a p + 4a q
ii) OT = (10 10b)q + 8b p
5 5
c) a = and b =
7 7

5. a) i) RP = 7 a + 7b
7 7
ii) PO = a b
2 2
9 1
iii) OS = a b
2 2
b) SQ = (8 2k )a 4b
c) k = 22

3
6. a) PY = q p
4
2
QX = p q
3
2
b) i) OC = (1 m)q + m p
3
3
ii) OC = (1 n) p + n q
4
7 2
c) m = and n =
6 9

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1 2
7. a) OP = a + b
3 3
1 2
b) i) OQ = h a + hb
3 3
ii) OQ = 4k a + (1 k )b
c) BQ : QC = 1 : 8

8. a) i) MN = 5q 2 p
ii) OB = 8 p + 10q
2 5
b) h = and k =
3 6

2 1
9. a) OP = a+ b
3 3
2 1
b) i) OQ = h a + hb
3 3
ii) BQ = 3k a k b
9 2
h = and k =
5 5
c) 10 units

10. a) i) QS = 15 x + 24 y
ii) TR = 5 y + 25 x
b) Show, = 3
c) QS = 78 units

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