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COURSE DESCRIPTION

English for Chemistry is an English for Specific Purposes (E.S.P.) and English for
Academic Purposes (E.A.P.) course to the needs of first year undergraduate
chemistry students at the Chemistry Department Faculty of Mathematics and
Science of the Universitas Negeri Malang.
OBJECTIVES
To familiarize students with chemical terminology
Mempelajari tata bahasa Inggris (grammar) dan
digunakan untuk membaca & memahami buku teks
kimia berbahasa Inggris.
Design to help students learn specialized English used in
chemistry
To learn some basic concepts and aspects of general
chemistry in English.
To improve reading comprehension.
PHYLOSOPHY OF THE COURSE
Do not learn English but use English as much as you
can!!!
MATERI

BAB I: 8 PART OF SPEECH BAB II: SENTENCE


Sentence, Phrase, Clause
1) Nouns (KB)
Verbal & nominal sentence
2) Pronouns (KG) Tenses + subject-verb agreement (1)
3) Adjective (Ksi) Active & passive voice (2)
Direct & indirect speech (2)
4) Verb (KK)
Prefixes & suffIXS (3)
5) Adverb (Kket) GERUND (3)
6) Preposition (KD) Conditional sentence (5)
The degrees of comparison (4)
7) Conjuntion (KH)
Concord (agreement) (4)
8) Interjection (KSeru) Question tag (3)
Causative form (5)
MATERI
BAB III: READING COMPREHENSION
Learn reading skills:
a) Techniques in efficient reading (scanning, examining,
skimming, intensive & extensive reading)
b) Understanding texts
c) Summarizing and note taking
d) Critical reading (find the topics, main ideas, supporting details,
conclusion, etc)
e) learn the chemical words
f) Paraphrase
g) It also enforces the major reading skills of skimming, scanning,
and reading Chemistry textbooks
PRESENTATION TIME
Kelp 1: 3
Kelp 2: 5
Kelp 3: 4
Kelp 4: 1
Kelp 5: 2
SYLLABUS
Meeting date Content

1. Introduction, syllabus Lecture, discussion


2. Part of speech 1: Nouns, pronouns, verbs, Lecture, discussion,
adverbs, exercise (reading), quiz
3. Part of speeah 2: articles, adj, preposition Lecture, discussion,
conjuntion, interjection, exercise (reading), quiz
4. SENTENCE: Phrase, Clause, Verbal & Lecture, discussion,
Nominal Sentence exercise (reading), quiz
5. MIDTEST 1
6. Presentation 1: Tenses , subject verb Lecture, discussion,
agreement, exercise (reading), quiz
7. Presentation2: Active & passive voice, Presentation, discussion,
direct indirect speech exercise (reading), quiz
8. Presentation 3: gerund, comparison, Presentation, discussion,
prefixes exercise (reading), quiz
9. Presentation 4: concord, causative form, Presentation discussion,
question tag exercise (reading), quiz
10. Midtest 2
11. Reading 1

12. Reading 2 presentation, discussion,


exercise (reading), quiz
13. Reading 3 Reading, discussion,
quiz
14. Reading 4 Reading, discussion,
quiz
15. Reading 5 Reading, discussion,
quiz
16. Midtest 3
ASSESMENT/ EVALUATION
3X MIDTEST
1x FINAL TEST
TASKS (QUIZZES, etc)
ASSESMENT: {1 x MT + 2 x FT + 1 x T}/4
REFERENCES
H, Rudy & Smith H. W. English Grammar, complete edition. 2013. Mahirsindo Utama
Widjaja, G. Complete English Grammar and the Exercises. 2014. Salatiga: PT. Bhuana
Ilmu Populer.
Arfan, H. A. R. Mastering Basic English. 2013. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Andi.
Decoste& Zumhdahl. Introductory Chemistry. 2008. Boston: Houghton Mifflin
Company
Goldberg, D. A. Beginning Chemistry. 2003. New York: Mc Graw Hills.
Chang, R. & Overby, J. 2008. General Chemistry: the Essentials Concepts, 6 th Ed. New
York: Mc. Graw Hills
http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/powerpoint.htm
Smith, J. General, organic and biological chemistry
ENGLISH GRAMMAR

PARTS OF
SPEECH
WHY LEARN PARTS OF SPEECH?
WHY LEARN PARTS OF SPEECH?

They are the building


blocks of English
grammar.
Understanding and
applying a process is
learning to learn.
It is a foundation to
improve your writing.
PART OF SPEECH

Each part of speech explains not what the word is but how the word is used
All words in the English language can be classified as one of the eight
different parts of speech.
The 8 parts of speech verbs, nouns, pronouns, adverbs, adjectives,
prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections
Understanding the different parts of speech is important in understanding
how words can and should be joined together to make sentences that
are both grammatically correct and readable.
An understanding of the parts of speech is also important for knowing how
to correctly punctuate sentences
EIGHT PARTS OF SPEECH

Nouns

Interjections

Adjectives

Conjunctions
CHAPTER I
NOUNS, PRONOUNS, VERB, ADVERB
WORD THAT NAMES

A Person

A Place

A Thing

An Idea
CHAPTER I
NOUNS
Definition: A noun is generally defined as a person, place, or thing.

Function:
1. As subject: it is placed before verb
ex: I am a student
the boy goes to the school everyday
2. As object: it is placed after verb or
preposition
ex: I buy some books
he goes to school everymorning
KINDS OF NOUNS

Common Nouns Proper Nouns


Boy, girl John, Mary
Singular Nouns Plural Nouns
Boy, girl Boys, girls

Singular Possessive Plural Possessive


boys, girls boys, girls

Countable Uncountable
Book Rice, air

Abstract Concrete
Love, happines Book,
CHAPTER I
NOUNS, PRONOUNS, VERB, ADVER
KINDS OF NOUN (macam-macam kata benda):
1) abstract nouns (tdk berwujud)
2) concrete nouns)
TYPES OF NOUN (jenis-jenis kata benda)
1) countable:
2) uncountable
NUMBER OF NOUNS (jumlah kata benda)
1) singular
2) plural
GENDER (kata benda ditinjau dari jenis kelaminnya): masculine,
feminine, common, neuter.
TYPES OF NOUN

KINDS OF NOUN (macam-macam kata benda):


1) abstract nouns (tdk berwujud); kata benda yg tdk memiliki wujud, tdk
dapat dirasakan oleh pancaindera. Ex; love, kindness, friendship,
2) concrete nouns: kata benda yg memiliki wujud yg dapat diidentifikasi
oleh panca indera. Ex: book, pencils, etc
concrete noun dibedakan menjadi 4:
a) proper noun: kata benda nama diri: nama orang, negara, benua,
(HARUS DITULIS DGN HURUF CAPITAL). etc; Alex, Indonesia, etc
b) common noun: kata yg menunjukkan suatu benda secara umum &
sering dijumpai dlm kehidupan sehari-hari (, ex: horse, doctor, boy,
shop, uncle, etc
c) material noun: kata yg menyatakan zat / bahan mentah: sugar,
coffee, wood, silver, copper, etc.
d) collective noun: kata benda yg menyatakan suatu kelompok atau
kumpulan tertentu dari binatang atau benda-benda yg sejenis, ex:
team, people, audience, etc.
TYPES OF NOUN

TYPES OF NOUN (jenis-jenis kata benda)


1) countable: apple, book, table, a team
2) uncountable (meliputi kata2 yg termasuk dlm material noun &
abstract noun): sugar, water, air, tea, rain, darkness, ink, etc.
NUMBER OF NOUNS (jumlah kata benda)
1) singular: biasanya diawali article a atau an: book, cat,
door, student, man, baby, etc
2) plural: tdk diawali article, tp diakhiri s, es: books, cats,
doors, men, babies, etc.
TYPES OF NOUN
GENDER:
1) MASCULINE GENDER
2) FEMININE
3) COMMON GENDER: kata benda yg dpt berjenis kelamin laki2
or perempuan: teacher, student, parent, etc.
4) NEUTER GENDER: kata benda yg tdk mengenal jenis kelamin,
yaitu semua kata benda yg termasuk dlm material noun &
abstract noun.
PRONOUNS (KATA GANTI)

DEFINISI: Kata yang digunakan untuk menggantikan


Noun dalam sebuah kalimat.
FUNGSI: Untuk menghindari terjadinya
pengulangan kata yang sama dalam beberapa kali
dalam satu kalimat atau paragraf.
EXAMPLE:
A. Zyan lost Zyans toy when Zyan was going to
school.
EXAMPLE:
A. Zyan lost his toy when he was going to school.
The pronoun is a word used in place of one or more
nouns. It may stand for a person, place, thing, or idea.

Indefinite Pronouns
anybody
each
either
none
someone, one, etc.
TYPES OF PRONOUNS
1) PERSONAL PRONOUNS
2) POSSESIVE PRONOUNS
3) REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS
4) INTENSIVE PRONOUNS
5) DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS
6) INDEFINITIVE PRONOUNS
7) INTERROGRATIVE PRONOUNS
8) RELATIVE PRONOUNS
PERSONAL PRONOUNS
(KATA GANTI ORANG)
Kegunaan:
Menggantikan orang yang berbicara (1st person),
diajak bicara (2nd person)
dan dibicarakan (3rd person).
Jika ditinjau dari posisi atau kedudukannya dlm kalimat, personal
pronoun dibedakan 2:
1. Nominative case (kasus subyektif)
terjadi jika personal pronoun berkedudukan sebagai subyek
dlm kalimat: I, We, You, You (jamak), They, He, She, It.
Penting: harus terletak sebelum verb to be/ verb

2. Objective case (kasus obyektif)


Terjadi jika personal pronoun berkedudukan sbg obyek: me, us, you,
him, her, it, them
Penting: harus berada setelah verb/preposition:
Ex: I love her so much
A word that expresses action or
otherwise helps to make a
statement be verbs
&
taste
feel
sound
look
appear
become
seem
grow
remain
stay
EVERY SENTENCE MUST HAVE

A
KINDS OF VERBS
Action verbs express Linking verbs make a
mental or physical statement by
action. connecting the
subject with a word
that describes or
explains it.

He rode the horse to


victory.
He has been sick.
ADJECTIVES

An adjective is a word that describes a noun or


pronoun. It tells what kind, how many, or which
one.

sour
green limes
shirt
ADJECTIVES
Describe or modify only Example:
nouns.
The three tired
Answer questions, teens tried to eat a
what kind? or large pie at two
how many? pizza parlors.
How many teens? three
What kind of teens? tired
What kind of pie? large
How many parlors? two
What kind of parlors? pizza
ADJECTIVES
Describe or modify only Example:
nouns.
The way to a
Answer questions, smile and an
what kind? or
how many? appreciative
attitude is
The noun markers through the
a, an, the are stomach.
always
adjectives.
ADJECTIVES
Describe or modify only Example:
nouns.
The long, shiny
Answer questions, black limousine
what kind? or
how many? pulled in front of
The noun markers a,
the huge old
an, the are always mansion, and a
adjectives. tall, well-dressed
Usually piled up older gentleman
before nouns. got out.
ADJECTIVES
Describe or modify only Example:
nouns.
The river is deep,
Answer questions, what
kind? or how many? wide and cold, but
the divers are brave
The noun markers a, an,
the are always and well-trained.
adjectives. Note: to test these, try
Usually piled up before putting them in front of
nouns.
May follow linking verbs the noun they modify.
and describe the
subject.
ADJECTIVES
Describe or modify only nouns.
Answer questions, what kind? or how many?
The noun markers a, an, the are always adjectives.
Usually piled up before nouns.
May follow linking verbs and describe the subject.
PREPOSITIONS
Specialized words to The man on the bus
start prepositional with a hat on his
phrases. head looked at me
A prepositional phrase and turned toward
the window.
is a group of words
describing things
which starts with a
preposition and ends
with a noun or
pronoun.
PREPOSITIONS
Specialized words to Memory clue:
start prepositional The rabbit went
phrases. _____
Most prepositions the hollow log.
are small, common
words indicating Memorize:
time, place or at, from, to, on, in,
position. into, onto, between,
under, over, against,
around, through
PREPOSITIONS
Specialized words to Example:
start prepositional
phrases. The problem with him
Most prepositions are is that he sleeps
small, common words during the day and
indicating time, place
or position. spends most of the
Some prepositions night with his friends.
simply must be Memorize:
memorized.
of, with, for, during
PREPOSITIONS
Specialized words to start prepositional phrases.
Most prepositions are small, common words indicating time,
place or position.
Some prepositions simply must be memorized.
CONJUNCTIONS
Words which hook Example:
words, phrases, or She and I left, but
sentences. they
Memory clue: FAN BOYS.
stayed, for Joe or Ted
For But
was coming on the
And Or
Nor Yet
bus, yet not on time.
So
CONJUNCTIONS
Words which hook Example:
together words, I ran when I saw her
phrases, or
sentences. because I was happy
Some conjunctions since she was home.
only hook clauses. Memory clue:
They include: She is cute _____ she
when, as, if, since, smiles.
because, while, after,
although, before
CONJUNCTIONS
Words which hook together words, phrases, or
sentences.
Some conjunctions only hook clauses.
ADVERBS
Describe verbs, She quickly ran to
adjectives, or her extremely
other adverbs. tired friend and
gave him a very
big hug.
ADVERBS
Describe verbs, Soon the very able
adjectives, or other pilot confidently
adverbs. flew west, and
Answer the adverb thus he almost
questions: How? crashed.
When? Where? When? soon
Why? Under what Where? west
conditions? How? very,confidently
Why? thus
What conditions? almost
ADVERBS
Describe verbs, Example:
adjectives, or other
adverbs.
The extremely
hungry
Answer the adverb
questions: How? animal howled
When? Where? eerily in
Why? Under what
conditions?
the especially dark
Often end in -ly night.
ADVERBS
Describe verbs, adjectives, or Example:
other adverbs. We do not very often
Answer the adverb questions:
How? When? Where?
want them here, for
Why? Under what they are always late
conditions?
and almost never
Often end in -ly want
Always adverbs: not to go there with us.
very, often, here,
almost, always, never,
there
ADVERBS
Describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs.
Answer the adverb questions: How? When? Where?
Why? Under what conditions?
Often end in -ly
Always adverbs: not very, often, here, almost, always,
never, there
INTERJECTIONS
Words which Example:
show emotion Oh, I am
or are fillers surprised, but
with no other please dont do it
function.
again. Ouch, you
hurt me.
INTERJECTION

An interjection is a word (or words)


of shock or surprise.
An interjection is a word added to
a sentence to convey emotion.
It is usually used by itself and is
followed by an exclamation
point.
Examples are: Wow!, Cool!,
Watch out!
Awesome! and so on
Whered this rocket
come from???
EXERCISES
FIND AND IDENTIFY KINDS OF NOUNS IN THIS BOOK
CHAPTER
CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING

Definitions.
Fill in the blank with the correct part of speech for each definition.

1. A descriptive word that qualifies a verb, adjective, other adverb, clause, or


sentence, typically

answering the questions: When? Where? In what way? is a/an


_______________________.

2. A joiner, a word that connects parts of a sentence, lists, and complex sentences
is a/an ______________________________.

3. A word or words added to a sentence to convey emotion, usually followed by an


CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING

4. A person, place or thing is a/an ___________________________________.

5. A word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence is


a/an___________________________.

6. A word or phrase naming an attribute, that modifies or describes a noun is


a/an _________________________________.

7. The part of speech that substitutes for nouns or noun phrases is a/an
_____________________.

8. A word that links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence is
a/an

____________________.