Anda di halaman 1dari 80

IMS Network

Architecture

www.huawei.com

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Foreword
This document gives the overview of the IMS domain which
is defined in Release 5 according to the 3GPP standard.
Moreover, there will be a basic presentation regarding the
IMS network architecture and layering, services, charging
processes , as well as the IMS solution developed by
HUAWEI.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page1
References
TS 23.002 Network architecture

TS 23.228 IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS); Stage 2

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page2
Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to describe


and realize:
The architecture of the IMS domain

The function of the network elements in IMS domain

HUAWEI solution for IMS network

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page3
Contents

1. IMS Overview

2. IMS Network Architecture

3. IMS User Access Solution

4. Advantage and Evolution of IMS Network

5. HUAWEI IMS Solution

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page4
Problems and Challenges Encountered
by Carriers
Competition IT/CT
from OTT integration
Multimedia
services and Network
video convergence
conferences (FMC)

ALL IP
Different access
modes
(MBB/FBB)

Carriers required the new generation of telecommunications core network.

OTT: over the top. OTT services run on top of the Internet and can compete with the
telecommunications services of carriers. Google and Skype are companies that provide
OTT services.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page6
Problems and Challenges Encountered
by Carriers (Cont.)

How to compete with OTT?


What kind of services can be provided over national broadband and Metro optical

networks? How to prevent the telecommunications carriers to act as only

telecommunications channel providers?


How to allow a subscriber to make calls, chat with other subscribers, share data

with other subscribers, and make video communications with other subscribers

using a computer or a soft terminal? How to bind MSs to fixed phones and soft

terminals of PCs?

The IMS, as a new-generation core network, provides


carriers with service capabilities to compete with the OTT.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page7
Typical Trends in Todays Network

TDM IP
IP is the foundation for full service which enable
the Telecom has the same stage as Internet IP

Voice Multimedia Multi-


media
From pure voice service to multimedia capability in
order to dig the potential of network
FMC
Fixed or Mobile FMC
Customers requirements evolve to fixed and mobile
convergent
Web

Telecom Web
Equipped with the Web based capability in telecom
network

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page8
What is IMS?
IMS is IP Multimedia Subsystem
Based on IP bear network
Uses SIP protocol as core session control protocol
Supports access-independent and thus provide more competitive service packages

Multiple Access Modes IP Multimedia Service

Mobile Network: Session Service:


WiMax Voice and Video Call
LTE/ SAE Conference
Message
GSM/ WCDMA/
CDMA/ TD-SCDMA

Fixed Network: Non-Session Service:


LAN, WLAN, and xDSL IPTV, Media, and Web

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page9
History of the IMS
The architecture and functions of the IMS have been optimized
from 3GPP release 5 to 3GPP release 9.

The IMS was introduced and the initial IMS architecture was
developed in release 5.
3GPP release 6 and release 7 added interworking with other
networks, namely, conferences, instant messaging, presence, PoC,
and added support for fixed bandwidth and WiFi.
3GPP release 8 and release 9 provided service continuity and
consistency, and added support for LTE (IMS-based VoLTE) and
SR-VCC.

TISPAN, ITU-T, and 3GPP2 also work out IMS standards. To


ensure the consistency between these IMS standards, these
standard organizations develop a common IMS standard system.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page10
History of IMS (Cont.)
The IMS is introduced as part of 3GPP specifications at the R5
stage, act as a subsystem of the PS domain.
3GPP R7
- IMS
3GPP R6
enhance
- IMS QoS,
3GPP R5 Billing, FMC,
3GPP R4 - CN: IMS
etc
- CN: MSC introduced
3GPP R99 server and
-CN: TDM MGW

TISPAN R2
-- NASS/RACS,
TISPAN R1 etc
-- NGN/FMC, etc

2000/03 2001/03 2002/03 2005/12 2006/X


Network Architecture of 3GPP R99
and R4
Access 3G Core Network External Network
In R99, 3G core

R 99 Network Architecture
network is
separated into CS - MSC/VLR/gsmSSF

CS and PS HLR/SCP
domain.
PS - GGSN/SGSN

In R4, MSC
R99 CS domain R4 CS domain
divided into MSC
TUP/ISUP
server and MGW, MSC server
TUP/ISUP/BICC

call control is MSC TDM

separated with MGW TDM/ATM/IP

the media bearer


RAN
function.
Network Architecture of 3GPP R5

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page13
Network Architecture of TISPAN
NGN R1
In Fixed network Pre-NGN NGN R1 ( IMS adopted )

domain, TISPAN
adopt 3GPP R5 SCP SIP AS
architecture and SCP SIP AS 3rd party AS

re-define the
SoftSwitch
pre-NGN to NGN with S-CSCF I-CSCF
internal HSS
R1 with IMS database
database and service AGC P-CSCF MGCF
elements. F

TSIPAN design 2
IP Bearer
new subsystems NASS Subsystem RACS Subsystem

(NASS and IP Bearer


RACS) specially
MSAN
for fixed network SIP
access and QoS H323 MSAN
SIP Phone Legacy
control. Broadband WIFI network
Conclusion on the IMS History
It has been recognized by main standard organizations that the
IMS will converge mobile and fixed networks in the future.

IMS standards are already stable and mature. Future


standardization of the IMS will concentrate on how to optimize and
enhance a few functions.
All mainstream vendors can provide IMS products that comply
with 3GPP and can provide end-to-end product integration
capabilities.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page7
Contents

1. IMS Overview

2. IMS Network Architecture

3. IMS User Access Solution

4. Advantage and Evolution of IMS Network

5. HUAWEI IMS Solution

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page15
Contents

2. IMS Network Architecture


2.1 IMS Network Architecture

2.2 Functions of the IMS Entities

2.3 Reference Points and Protocols in IMS

2.4 Naming and Addressing Concepts

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page16
IMS Network Architecture
3rd Party Application
SCP Gaming Conference Applications

Service
OSS
IM-SSF OSA Presence PTT IM Group capability

HSS
CGP S-CSCF I-CSCF
BGCF Session
control
CCF
MRFC P-CSCF AGCF MGCF

A-RACF NACF CLF


MRFP
PCRF
SPDF Bearer Control Layer Bearer
GGSN AC
Control and
Bearer Core Network Access
SIP H.248 H.248
SIP
AG MGW
AP
SGSN
SIP IAD
SIP Terminals
2G/3G RAN WiFi access
xDSL/LAN access PSTN/PLMN
IMS Network Architecture -
Access/Bearer Layer
Application Session control layer
Service capability
Functions -- Call control, User
management, Service triggering,
Session Control
Resources control, Interworking with
P/I/S-CSCF, MRFC
current network
AGCF/MGCF

Access and bearer


IP Bearer User access-- GPRS/UMTS/CDMA/
ARACF/ SPDF/ WiFi/xDSL/LAN
PCRF
Connects the IMS to the current
Access network -- PSTN/PLMN/H.323/SIP
VoIP
Controls the bearer resource

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page18
IMS Network Architecture Service
Capability Layer and Application Layer
Application Application Layer
Provides the application developed by a
3rd party AS,
gaming center, trusted third party
enterprise center
Such as: Gaming center, Conference
center, Enterprise application .etc

Service capability
Service capability layer
General telephony
AS, IM, PoC, Provides the different service capabilities,
Presence, Group which are mostly application servers and
resource servers
Such as: Instant Messaging/Presence/
Session Control
group/PoC/General telephony services
IP Bearer and Access

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page19
Contents

2. IMS Network Architecture


2.1 IMS Network Architecture

2.2 Functions of the IMS Entities

2.3 Reference Points and Protocols in IMS

2.4 Naming and Addressing Concepts

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page20
IMS Network Entities- Session Control
Layer
The Network Elements in the session control layer :

Function NE Function NE

PCSCF MGCF
Network
Call control ICSCF IMMGW
interworking
SCSCF BGCF
User HSS MRFC
Media
management
resource
SLF MRFP

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page21
Call Session Control Function -
CSCF
CSCF Key Functions

SCP SIP AS 3rd party AS


P-CSCF 1: The 1st contact point to the IMS network in

(Proxy) the visiting domain or home domain

S-CSCF I-CSCF 2: Access network control


HSS
database 3: QoS control, NAT control and security control
AGCF P-CSCF
MGCF

I-CSCF 1: First entry to the IMS network of a carrier

NASS Subsystem RACS Subsystem


(Interrog 2: S-CSCF assignment and session routing

IP Bearer
ating) 3: Topology hiding

S-CSCF 1: User registration authentication

(Serving) 2: Session route control (Normal, interworking,


MSAN
SIP Phone Legacy Emergency call)
Broadband WIFI network
3: Service trigger

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page22
CSCF Type and Function
Visited Home HSS
network
network

S-CSCF assignment

P-CSCF I-CSCF
Register Register S-CSCF


OK
OK OK

NE Register Session
Access point during the registration. P- Caller network: work as the access point for the caller.
P-CSCF CSCF stay at the visited network Callee network: P-CSCF transfers the message to the
when subscriber roaming. callee

User authentication, User data


S-CSCF Call session control, service trigger.
download.

I-CSCF Selects S-CSCF during the registration Only work as the access point at Callee network,

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page23
Simple Model for IMS Call Procedure
While 2 IMS users call each other, the P/I/S-CSCF can handle the
whole signaling routing procedure.

Callee part
Caller part
S-CSCF I-CSCF S-CSCF

P-CSCF DNS/ENUM HSS P-CSCF

Media

signaling media

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page24
Database FunctionHSS and SLF
NE Key Functions
HSS 1: User Identification, Numbering and
SCP SIP AS 3rd party AS Home addressing information;
Subscriber 2: User Security information: Network
S-CSCF I-CSCF Server access control information for
HSS/SLF
database
P-CSCF
authentication and authorization;
AGCF MGCF
3: User Location information at inter-system
level;
NASS Subsystem RACS Subsystem

IP Bearer 4: User profile information (iFC, etc).

SLF When an operator has more than one HSS,

Subscriptio SLF is used to select the related HSS, and


MSAN
SIP Phone Legacy n Locator usually SLF is combined with the HSS
Broadband WIFI network
Function

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page25
Interworking Nodes
NE Key Functions
MGCF Media Gateway Control Function

1:Controls the IMS-MGW for establish/modify/delete media


SCP SIP AS 3rd party AS
channels
I-CSCF HSS
2: Selects the I-CSCF for incoming calls from PSTN/CS.
S-CSCF
BGCF 3: Performs protocol conversion between ISUP and SIP.
MGCF
MGW SGW IM-MGW-- IMS-Media Gateway Function
AGCF
IM-MGW
P-CSCF
1: Terminate bearer channels from a switched circuit network
and media streams from a packet network

NASS Subsystem RACS Subsystem


IP Bearer BGCF Breakout Gateway Control Function

1: Select a proper MGCF for interworking with the PSTN/CS


domain

MSAN SGW Signaling Gateway


SIP Phone Legacy
Broadband WIFI network 1: Complete the transition from ISUP over IP to ISUP over
TDM, because the MGCF only support IP.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page26
Connection to Legacy Networks
While an IMS subscriber calls a PSTN/PLMN subscriber

IMS Domain

MGCF

S-CSCF/ BGCF PLMN or PSTN


PLNM/ PSTN
Gateway office

I-CSCF
IM-MGW

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page27
IMS Multimedia Resources Function

NE Key Functions
SCP SIP AS 3rd party AS MRFC Multimedia Resource Function Controller

1: Controls the media stream resources in the MRFP.


S-CSCF I-CSCF 2:Interprets information coming from an AS and S-
HSS/SLF
MRFC database CSCF (e.g session identifier) and control MRFP
P-CSCF
MGCF accordingly.
MRFP

MRFP Multimedia Resource Function Processor


NASS Subsystem RACS Subsystem
1: Provides resources to be controlled by the MRFC.
IP Bearer
2: Mixes incoming media streams (e.g. for multiple
parties).

3: Processes media streams (e.g. audio transcoding,


MSAN
SIP Phone Legacy
media analysis).
Broadband WIFI network

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page28
IMS Network Entities Other Layer
The Network Elements in the access and bearer layer :

Function NE Function NE
PCRF Charging CCF
Resource
Control SPDF+A-RACF NE Manage CGP

NACF SBC ABGF


Access Control
CLF Naming and address DNS/ENUM

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page29
Entity Functions of the Access and
Bearer Layer NE Key Functions
PCRF/ Perform QoS control function in IMS network

SPDF
SCP SIP AS 3rd party AS
DNS/ ENUM 1: DNS (Domain Name System) is
responsible for translating the URL to IP
S-CSCF I-CSCF address for session routing
HSS/SLF
database
P-CSCF 2: ENUM(E.164 Number URI Mapping) is
AGCF MGCF
used to translate the tel URI to SIPURI

NAT/ SBC 1: SBC can perform the function such


NASS Subsystem RACS Subsystem
as :NAT traversal, security, IPv4/IPv6
IP Bearer
conversion. etc

2: Media Proxy, fixed network QoS control


SBC
and security
MSAN Private
Legacy
Network Act as the DHCP and AAA server function for
Broadband network NACF/ CLF
the fixed network access user

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page30
DNS&ENUM Functions
DNS ENUM
function function
home1.net +8675528780808

Calling party Called party


S-CSCF
I-CSCF S-CSCF

P-CSCF 4 HSS
1
3 P-CSCF
2

DNS/ENUM ENUM

189.17.2.123 Media
sip: +8675528780808 @home1.net

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page33
SBC Functions
Signaling proxy: For a UE, the SBC is the P-CSCF. For the P-CSCF, the
SBC is a UE.

Media proxy: All media streams are transmitted through the SBC.

P-CSCF

SBC
Media flow

UE3 Signaling flow

IP bearer
UE2
UE1

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page34
IMS Service Capability Layer
AS: Application Server
An AS offers value added IM services and resides either in the user's
home network or in a third party location
Main function is to process the SIP messages from IMS network and
Initiate the SIP messages

IMS application server types


OSA-SCS: Open Service
Access Service Capability OSA AS CAMEL/SCP

Server OSA API CAP/INAP

AS
IM-SSF: IP Multimedia service SIP AS OSA SCS IM-SSF

switching function SIP SIP

SIP AS: Implement service for S-SCSF

IMS user

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page33
Contents

2. IMS Network Architecture


2.1 IMS Network Architecture

2.2 Functions of the IMS Entities

2.3 Reference Points and Protocols in IMS

2.4 Naming and Addressing Concepts

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page34
The Interfaces in IMS Network
Sh/Dh
Ro
Rf
ENUM
CCF DNS HSS/SLF OCS AS Server NP Server

Rf DNS Cx/Dx
ISC Mr
ISC ENUM
MRFC
Ma Mr
Mp
MRFP
P-CSCF Mw I-CSCF Mw S-CSCF Mg MGCF

Mx Mn
Rx Mx
Mm Mw
IM-MGW PLMN/PSTN
PCRF
Gm e2 Gm Mm
I-BCF
Gm
Ix
SBC CLF AGCF SIP
NAT I-BGF Diameter
Other
Access DNS&ENUM
UE IMS
network H.248
network
other

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page35
Reference Points and the Protocols -
SIP
The protocol used in IMS network
SIPSession Initiation Protocol)
SIP is an simple, flexible protocol for creating, modifying, and
terminating sessions

Works independently of underlying transport protocols

Features of SIP protocol


Simple Text style, similar to HTTP and SMTP protocol

Extensible Can cooperated with other protocol, such as


SDP/MSML

Flexible Special headers can be added by vendors

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page36
Reference Points and the Protocols -
SIP
The reference points which use SIP protocol:

Reference point Endpoints

Gm UE, P-CSCF

Mw P-CSCF, I-CSCF ,S-CSCF

ISC I/S-CSCF,AS

Mg I/S-CSCF,MGCF

Mr S-CSCF,MRFC

Mx I-BCF,I/S-CSCF

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page37
Reference Points and the Protocols

Diameter
The Diameter base protocol is intended to provide an Authentication,
Authorization and Accounting (AAA) framework for applications

Base on RADIUS protocol

H.248 (Media gateway control protocol )


For the MGC to control the media resource of the MG

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page38
Reference Points and the Protocols
The reference points which use Diameter protocol
Reference point Endpoints

Cx I-CSCF, S-CSCF, HSS

Dx I-CSCF, S-CSCF, SLF

Rx P-CSCF,PCRF
Gx GGSNPCRF

Rf CCF,S-CSCF,AS,MRFC

Sh HSS, AS

Dh SLF, AS

The reference points which use Reference point (H.248) Endpoints


H248 protocol Mn MGCF, IM-MGW

Mp MRFC, MRFP
Contents

2. IMS Network Architecture


2.1 IMS Network Architecture

2.2 Functions of the IMS Entities

2.3 Reference Points and Protocols in IMS

2.4 Naming and Addressing Concepts

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page40
Numbering and addressing

User ID NE ID Service ID

IMPI, IMPU Host name SIP URI , Tel URI


SIP URI, Tel URI Domain
IP address

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page41
Identifier in IMS System
SIP URI Tel URI

SIP Uniform Resource Identifier Base on E.164 rules:


(SIP Uniform Resource Identifier)
Exampletel:867552220001
SIP URI consist from user name
and domain:
User name can be the part of
E.164 number, domain is the
network domain

Example
SIP:+867552220001@huawei.com

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page42
User IdentifierIMPI
Private user identities (IMPI)
A unique global identity defined by the Home Network Operator.
The IMPI is used for registration, authentication, management,
and charging.
NAI format: username + @ + domain name.
Stored in the HSS, and ISIM, dynamically stored in the S-CSCF.

Leos Private user identity


A IMS
1 +867552220001@huawei.com user shall have
one or more IMPIs
2 leo_private@huawei.com

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page43
User IdentifierIMPU
Public user identities (IMPU)
Is used for any user to make call to other users , every IMS user
shall have one or more IMPU.
IMPU can be use 2 kinds of formats:
SIP URI format: sip: + user information + @ + host
TEL URI format: tel: + CC - AC- number
One or more IMPUs can be associated with one service profile.
Stored in the HSS, and ISIM, dynamically stored in the S-CSCF.

No. SIP URI Tel URI

1 sip:zhangsan@huawei.com Tel:+86-139-1234-5678

2 sip:leo@huawei.com Tel:+86-134-1234-5678

3 sip:cheeselover@huawei.com

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page44
The Relationship Between IMPI and IMPU

Zhangsans user identities


IMPU

sip:zhangsan@huawei.com
Service
IMPI
Profile 1
Tel:+86-13912345678
IMS
Zhang_private@huawei.com
subscription
sip:leo@huawei.com
Service
Profile 2
Tel:+86-13412345678

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page45
Numbering and addressing
Identification of network nodes
The CSCF, BGCF and MGCF nodes shall be identifiable using a valid

SIP UIR( Host Domain Name or Network Address) on those interfaces

supporting the SIP protocol

E.g. : SIP: scscf1.huawei.com


SIP: hss.huawei.com
SIP: scscf.huawei.com
HSS S-CSCF

I-CSCF

SIP: icscf.huawei.com
P-CSCF SIP: pcscf.huawei.com

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page46
Numbering and addressing
Public Service Identities PSI
PSI identify services
Public Service Identity is hosted by an Application Server
The format of the PSI is SIP URI or tel URL

message service conference service


Sip:messaging@ims.huawei.com Sip:meeting@ims.huawei.com

AS AS

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page47
Contents

1. IMS Overview

2. IMS Network Architecture

3. IMS User Access Solution

4. Advantage and Evolution of IMS Network

5. HUAWEI IMS Solution

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page48
Overview of the IMS Access Solution
The IMS network does not rely on the access network of a
specific type.

Fixed and mobile terminals can share the IMS network and
service experiences provided by ASs. The IMS network enables
fixed-mobile convergence (FMC).

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page51
xDSL/xPON/LAN AccessBroadband
Access/VoBB Solution
SBC SBC
AAA
IP Bearer Network
BRAS
DHCP Server

OLT OLT
Splitter
Splitter

ONU ONU ONU


twisted-
Fiber
pair Fiber Fiber
twisted- FE Cable
(xDSL)
pair
Enterprise
House Gateway PBX
House
Gateway
ONT ONT
WiFi
PBX POTS POTS
SIP
POTS Phone PC POTS SIP
SIP
POTS Phone PC STB
POTS POTS POTS Phone PC STB

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page53
AGCF AccessNarrowband User
Access
Connects POTS to IMS and
AS Diameter
supports H.248 media gateway
HSS
control function. SIP

I-CSCF Diameter
S-CSCF
AGCF user implements the call OCS
Diameter
route function as the calling party,
SIP
SIP SIP Diameter
that is, transfer the call routed
CCF
from UA to S-CSCF. Diameter
AGCF
AGCF user implements the P-CSCF
SIP
location function as the called
party, that is, transfer the call to H.248
AG AG
corresponding UA. At the mean
time, the AGCF can process the
authentication.
POTS POTS

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page54
IMS User Terminal

IMS Access Network

POTS SIP WiFi WiMAX


PC STB Mobile
Phone Terminal Terminal phone

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page52
Enterprise Subscriber Access (Business
Trunking Solution)

ATS9900 IBCF access


Access modes provided by the modes are
SIP
Business Trunking service:
IP-PBX: recommended.
IP-PBX access through the IBCF
I/S-CSCF
IP-PBX access through the P-
SIP CSCF
SIP
SIP
MGCF TDM-PBX:
P-CSCF IBCF
TDM-PBX access through the SIP
SIP SIP
GW and IBCF
MGW SBC Firewall TDM-PBX access through the SIP
SIP GW and P-CSCF
SIP
PRA/R2
TDM-PBX Access Through the
SIP GW SIP SIP GW
MGCF and MGW
PRA/R2 PRA/R2

TDM TDM TDM


IP PBX IP PBX
PBX PBX PBX

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page53
Access Mode During PSTN Network
Reconstruction
Currently, network carriers face the
following problems: decrease in the
number of fixed-line subscribers; the high
OPEX of new and old switches; the full
service strategy transformation in the
telecommunications industry. Huawei
PSTN network reconstruction solution can
solve the preceding problems.

The solution supports the following


access modes:
AGCF access for POTS and V5
subscribers

MGCF access for PBX subscribers

SBC access for IMS broadband


subscribers

CS mobile subscribers access IMS by


means of anchoring

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page57
Contents

1. IMS Overview

2. IMS Network Architecture

3. IMS User Access Solution

4. Advantage and Evolution of IMS Network

5. HUAWEI IMS Solution

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page55
Why the IMS Network Was Developed
The 3GPP and TISPAN aim to converge the current telecommunication
network and the Internet and hopes to achieve the following purposes:

Solve the following operation problems encountered by the


telecommunication services in the IP network:

Slow growth of telecommunication users and decrease of revenues

Slow service update and difficulty in deploying new services

QoS, security, charging, and network interworking

Achieve FMC

With the trend of network bandwidth and IP-based network, IMS can better support convergent
application. The rich IMS multimedia application has been an important edge for carriers to
compete for the market, for example, multimedia telephone, RCS, and Centrex services.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page59
IMS Motivation ALL-IP Convergent
Legacy Core Network Arch. Converged Multi-service Arch.
Vertical network, overlap in Horizontal network, converge fixed,
hardware, service and database mobile and data service network
Separated user and service Unified database and service

Difficult to decrease OPEX/CAPEX Access independent

Mobile Fixed
Multiple Application
Internet
Network Network
Unified Database/Charging
Database Database Database

Charging Charging
IMS Core
Charging
(Unified session control)
Service Service Service

Control Control Control


IP Bearer

Bearer Bearer Bearer Multiple Access

Overlapping Cost
Convergent
Open and Shared Service Platform
CAP/INAP is so complex that Adopt the advantages of the internet service
service providers are limited strategy
and new service is difficult to Adopt the most internet-like protocol SIP
deploy Attract more potential SP (service providers)

CAP/INAP is difficult to realize Simple to design and deploy new service


service embedding and
cooperation
SCP
OSA AS CAMEL/SCP

CAP/INAP OSA API CAP/INAP

SIP AS OSA SCS IM-SSF AS

MSC/ SSP S-Switch/ SSP SIP SIP


RAN IP S-SCSF

MGW IP

PSTN
UMTS cdma2000 WLAN xDSL/LAN
PLMN
Legacy network

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page58
IMS Driver and Target
IMS driven by broadband
All kinds of broadband lay the
Cafe Working
foundation for IMS apps. e.g
HSPA/EV-DO/WiMax/XDSL etc,. Office Gaming

Broadband services stimulate Subway Learning

IMS maturation. e.g


Home Driving
IM/Presence/ Video etc,.
IMS makes customer-centric reality IMS Convergence
Voice Data Video Content
by converging existing networks
Provide enhance user
XDSL HSPA WiFi
experience
Industries Convergence
Control the profit chain Telecom IT & Software Media Consumer Electronic

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page59
Main IMS Solutions
VoBB and convergent
Centrex solution RCS solution

Convergent conference VoLTE solution


solution

VoBB and convergent Centrex solution: Supports multiple terminals and access modes,
Wide Area Centrex (WAC) service, Convergent One Number service, multimedia
telephone, Multimedia Ring Back Tone (MRBT) service, and green calls.

Convergent conference solution: Supports standard definition (SD) conferences, high


definition (HD) conferences, and telepresence conferences.

RCS solution: Support the Click to Dial (CTD) service, instant messaging, presence,
grouping, picture sharing, and video sharing.

VoLTE solution: Supports HD voice and SRVCC. It is a 4G solution and does not need the
CS network.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page63
Convergent Centrex
Headquarter
Branch 2
VPMN VPMN Branch 1

VPMN
VPMN
CS/PSTN domain
Convergent Centrex
VPMN VPMN
IMS (IP Multimedia
Subsystem)
Mobile PRI-
network PBX
IP-PBX
PSTN

PC SIP-
Phone POTS
(with a
fixed-
line
numbe
r)

Use the convergent Centrex platform to develop convergent services.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page61
Convergent Conference Solution
Conference is one of the services that meet
Constraints of traditional H.323 enterprise market requirements.
conferences

Isolated network Conference


Complex operations 38%

Single service

IMS SIP-based convergent conference PBX UC


Convergence (Voice, data, and 50% 12%
video conference, convergent
with telecommunication networks)
Voice conference

Advanced architecture Voice HD video


conference conference
ICT integration
HD terminal
Open and simple SIP protocol

Mobility
Voice conference
Telepresence Data sharing
Single-screen or Electronic
IMS SIP-based convergent three-screen white board
conference will become a top telepresence and file
choice for carriers. terminal transfer

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page65
Telepresence: True-to-life Experience

1080P

Panoramic transferring: 1080p HD video, Hi-Fi audio, life-size participants, providing an


outstanding experience that is as if users were talking face-to-face with someone thousands of
miles away.
Profession environment design: providing professional lighting, acoustics, and display scheme
Dynamic bi-stream: Remote sharing of dynamic video and slides
Easy to use: wireless touch, hard mute button, and desktop network/VGA/audio interface

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page63
Typical Communication Experience by
Using the RCS

Enhanced VoIP/video Instant


address phone messaging
book

Online
storage
(backup
and
Content sharing File transfer
restoration
of the
address
book)

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page64
VoLTE Solution
What does LTE bring for us?

MBB broadband access

PCC architecture and QoS

SRVCC and HD voice


Convergent
database CTAS

(HLR/HSS/PCRF) FMC/ICT service for fixed and


SingleCORE (IMS, CS) mobile terminals

2G/3G MGW MSC-S


IMS CTAS
Core
RCS AS

SBC IM, presence, and sharing


LTE EPC

UE Network Service

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page65
IMS Advantage Network Convergent
Fixed Network GSM Network CDMA Network
Fixed GSM CDMA
SCP SCP SCP
Key Point for network
evolution: CSCF/HSS CSC HSS
F
SHLR HLR HLR
SoftSwitch GSM MSS CDMA MSS
AGCF AGCF AGCF
/ / / All IP
MGCF MGCF MGCF accesses

IP bearer IP bearer IP bearer
network network network WiMAX
SAE/LTE

MSAN UMG BSC UMG BSC UMG HSPA



BTS BTS
PSTN PLMN PLMN

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page66
IMS Advantage Network Convergent (2)

AS

CSCF HSS

AGCF AGCF AGCF


/ / /
MGCF MGCF MGCF
IP bearer IP bearer IP bearer
network network network

MSAN UMG BSC UMG BSC UMG

BTS BTS
PSTN PLMN PLMN

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page67
IMS Evolving Target Network
AS1 AS2 AS3 AS4 AS... Application Server

MGCF
SIP ISUP/BICC
IMS
HSS CSCF PSTN/PLMNM
SIP
SIP
SIP
mAGCF SIP AGCF
H.248 SBC SIP H.248
MSAN
MGW SIP MGW
Broadband Narrowband
SIP

HG

2G/3G 4G(LTE/HSPA) VOBB POTS (PSTN)

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page68
Contents

1. History of IMS

2. IMS Network Architecture

3. IMS User Access Solution

4. IMS Network Features

5. HUAWEI IMS Solution

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page69
HUAWEI IMS Solution
iManager N2000 ENUM Server ISMP OCS9810 iCG9815
EMS ENUM Server Web portal OCS CCF

UTRAN

EVDO
UPCC
PCRF
ATS9900 ETAS9960 Gaming
CSC3300 HSS9820 Telephony AS IP Centrex AS
WIMAX I-CSCF HSS

AIM6000 CSC3300 SharingX


NACF P-CSCF
WIFI

AIM6300 CSC3300 MediaX3600


CLF S-CSCF Conference AS
InfoX AAA PushX
LAN/FTTX
UAAF & PDBF
UAC3000
AGCF

xDSL CSC3300 CSC3300 Messaging


MRFC BGCF
UPCC UPCC ENIP IMAS series
RACF SPDF AS Platform IP multimedia AS

CABLE

SE2600 MRP6600
A-BGF UGC3200 SG7000 UMG8900 CSC3300
MRFP MGCF SGW IM-MGW I-BCF
TDM Access 3rd party AS

PSTN PLMN IP Network

Huawei is one of the few vendors which can provide complete end-to-end IMS solution

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page70
The Products List
Function NE products Function NE products

PCSCF Multimedia MRFC CSC3300


Call resources
ICSCF CSC3300 MRFP MRP6600
control
SCSCF Interfaces MGCF UGC3200
to the
Database HSS HSS9820 outside IMSMGW UMG8900
network

UPCC/SE2600,
SIP-AS ATS9900 PCRF/PEP
GGSN9811
Service
platform Other NE CCF iCG9815
ETAS9960 IP
SIP-AS Eudemon1000
Centrex NAT/proxy
SE2600

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page71
Unified HW&SW Platform Strategy
Unified platform
Industry-leading high
performance hardware App. SDP MediaX SSF ATS MRFC
SDP
platform: ATCA
Session CSCF BGCF IBCF MGCF AGCF
Unified software platform Control
ensures flexible product
combination and unified O&M Protocol Distributed
OAM Proxy
Stack Process
Unified platform for fixed and CGP Real Time Reliability High Efficient
mobile network Database Mechanism
Core
Dispatching

Customers benefits
Commercial OS
High density and large
OS&HW
capacity ensure simplified
OSTA
network architecture to adapt
to business expansion
OSTA: Open Standard Telecom Architecture
Smooth migration

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page72
Flexible ConfigurationDifferent Entities,
Same Hardware

Physical Boards
+

Products
UGC3200 AIM6300 ATS9900 CSC3300 HSS9820 iCG9815 UPCC

P I S
M N B M P S R
C C C C H S C
Functional G A Tel G R C P A
L S S S S L C
Entities C C AS C F R D C
F C C C S F F
F F F C F F F
F F F

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page73
Flexible Networking: Compact Scenario
EMS ENUM Web portal OCS
iManager M2000 ENUM Server ISMP OCS9810

UTRAN PCRF, RACF, HSS CCF


SPDF HSS9820 ICG9815
UPCC
EVDO IM/PS/GP
Advanced Tel AS
NACF, CLF ATS9900
WIMAX AIM63000 SharingX
MM Conference AS
P-CSCF
MediaX3600
WIFI CSC3300
PoC
MGCF ENIP
LAN/FTTX UGC3200 IMAS series
I/S-CSCF, BGCF, MRFC
CSC3300 Gaming

xDSL
UAAF & PDBF
InfoX AAA
CABLE
IM-MGW, I-BGF MRFP
C-BGF
UMG8900 MRP6600
SE2300
TDM
Access IP
PSTN PLMN Network

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page74
Flexible ConfigurationGrow as you grow
Linear Scalability
Capacity expand by stacking more boards, racks 20M Subscribers

Lower down initial cost and hence lower down risks

Pay as your growth

300K Subscribers

HSS + CSCF+SPDF +CCF + CGP

CLF+NACF + CCF + IP Centrex AS

LAN switch

Disk Array

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page75
Nice Interworking and Compatibility

Applications

Enablers

OSS/BSS/LI

Terminal

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page76
IMS Terminals

Mobile phone
Android Tablets
iPhone

Soft terminal

Huawei Fast NableComm


RCS Clients

Fixed terminal

IADs from Fixed Phones from


Cisco/NewRock/Gaoke Huawei/Polycom/Innomedia

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page80
Summary
This course introduces the following contents:

Basic concepts of IMS

Basic architecture of IMS

Basic functions of MEs in IMS

Advantages of IMS and network evolution

Huawei IMS solution

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page78
Thank you
www.huawei.com