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AISI 5160 Alloy Steel (UNS G51600)

AISI 5160 Alloy Steel (UNS G51600)


Topics Covered
Introduction
Chemical Composition
Physical Properties
Mechanical Properties
Thermal Properties
Other Designations
Fabrication and Heat Treatment
Machinability
Welding
Heat Treatment
Forging
Annealing
Applications

Introduction
Alloy steels are designated by AISI four-digit numbers. They are more responsive to heat and mechanical treatments than carbon
steels. They comprise various types of steels having compositions which exceed the limitations of Va, Cr, Si, Ni, Mo, C and B in the
carbon steels.

The following datasheet will provide more details about AISI A5160 alloy steel, which has high ductility, excellent toughness and high
tensile-yield ratio.

Chemical Composition
The chemical composition of AISI 5160 alloy steel is listed in the following table.

Element Content (%)


Iron, Fe 97.085 - 97.84

Manganese, Mn 0.750 - 1

Chromium, Cr 0.7 - 0.9

Carbon, C 0.560 - 0.640

Phosphorous, P 0.0350

Silicon, Si 0.150 - 0.3

Sulfur, S 0.04

Physical Properties
The following table shows the physical properties of AISI 5160 alloy steel.

Properties Metric Imperial


Density 7.85 g/cm3 0.284 lb/in

Mechanical Properties
The mechanical properties of AISI 5160 alloy steel are outlined in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial


Tensile strength, ultimate 724 MPa 105000 psi

Tensile strength, yield 275 MPa 39900 psi

190-210 27557-30458
Modulus of elasticity
GPa ksi

Bulk modulus (typical for steel) 140 GPa 20300 ksi

Shear modulus (typical for steels) 80 GPa 11600 ksi

Poissons ratio 0.27 0.30 0.27-0.30

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AISI 5160 Alloy Steel (UNS G51600)

Elongation at break (in 50mm) 17.20% 17.20%

Hardness, Brinell 197 197

Hardness, Knoop (converted from Brinell hardness) 219 219

Hardness, Rockwell B (converted from Brinell hardness) 92 92

Hardness, Rockwell C (converted from Brinell hardness, value below normal HRC range, for comparison purposes
13 13
only)

Hardness, Vickers (converted from Brinell hardness) 207 207

Machinability (spheroidized annealed and cold drawn. Based on 100% machinability for AISI 1212 steel) 55 55

Thermal Properties
The thermal properties of AISI 5160 alloy steel are outlined in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial


Thermal conductivity 46.6 W/mK 323 BTU in/hr.ft2. F

Other Designations
Other designations that are equivalent to AISI 5160 alloy steel include the following:

ASTM A29
ASTM A322
ASTM A331
ASTM A505
ASTM A519
ASTM A752
ASTM A829
SAE J1397
SAE J404
SAE J412
SAE J770

Fabrication and Heat Treatment


Machinability
Machining 5160 alloy steel is difficult in as rolled condition. Hence, the steel should be annealed before machining to obtain
maximum speeds.

Welding
AISI 5160 alloy steel has poor welding property owing to its high chromium and carbon content. Either arc or gas welding methods
can be used to weld the steel.

Heat Treatment
AISI 5160 alloy steel is generally hardened using oil. This steel is quenched at 829C (1525F) and tempered at temperatures
ranging from 427 and 704C (800 and 1300F).

Forging
Forging of 5160 alloy steel is performed at temperatures between 1149 and 1204C (2100 and 2200F).

Annealing

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AISI 5160 Alloy Steel (UNS G51600)

AISI 5160 alloy steel is annealed at 788C (1450F) and then air cooled.

Applications
AISI 5160 alloy steel is suitable for manufacturing leaf springs used in automotive field.

Date Added: Sep 6, 2012 | Updated: Jun 11, 2013

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