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Limited Number of Resources congestion

users of the logical channels

carried on FACH are
congested (CCCH,
Raise the ceiling Decrease DCCH & DTCH)
simultaneous number
of FACH users
Step#1: Increases number
of users from 30 to 60 Enable FACH flow
users on FACH control for the needed
4B decrease FACH FC: logical channel type.
P2D &
Step# 2: Unrestricted
number of FACH
What is the cons of having limitation in number of FACH users?
1. If D2F failed (due to max number of FACH users are reached) then UEs in
the CELL_DCH state, having little or no data to transmit, may continuously
occupy the dedicated channels and cell resource utilization may decrease as
a result
2. If P2F failed then CELL_PCH UEs fail to perform data transmission or
respond to paging messages and finally enter the idle state, leading to PS
service drops plus paging failure.
3. If the number of UEs in the CELL_FACH state reaches the upper limit, cell
updates may fail, including those triggered by radio link setup failures. As
a result, call drops may occur.

Step#1: Increase number of FACH users from 30 to 60 (but take care of
FACH resource congestion) FACH_60_USER_SWITCH-1
Step#2: FACH FC P2D and D2Idle:

D2Idle transition SET UCORRMALGOSWITCH command.

P2D transition SET URRCTRLSWITCH command. During a P2D
transition, the RNC delivers the UE a cell update confirm message on the
CCCH, which prevents call drops because the delivery does not use up
resources designated for UEs in the CELL_FACH state.
Step#2: FACH FC P2D and D2Idle.
Step#3: If the number of UEs in the CELL_FACH state reaches the
upper limit, cell updates may fail, including those triggered by radio
link setup failures. As a result, call drops may occur. To prevent this,
you can reserve some UEs in the CELL_FACH state for cell updates.
To set the number of reserved users, run the SET
UCORRMALGOSWITCH command and modify
the ReservedU32Para1 parameter.
If the maximum number of UEs in the CELL_FACH state is 30 and the
number of reserved UEs in the CELL_FACH state is 5, the D2F
transition shown in Figure 4-2 will not be implemented when the
number of UEs in the CELL_FACH state reaches 25. Instead, the D2Idle
transition may be triggered. The resources for reserved UEs are for the
users who send cell update messages.
Step#4: Unrestricted number of FACH users not recommended as
the FACH resource congestion may increase dramatically.
Note: from counters we cant decide that there is congestion due to
number of FACH users are congested, but we can decide the number of
simultaneous FACh users per cell from VS.CellFACHUEs (it is better to
use this counter from LMT monitor to get it per 1sec)
New congestion H
NG.TIME only
enabled on 7-11-2013
What is the benefit of relieving the DTCH
1. Better user experience.
2. Less PS Call Drop
Optimized DTCH P2D D2Idl FACH efficiency
congestion e boost

DTCH Congestion depend on Delay:

The RNC considers the DTCH
congested if the following conditions
are met:
FACHAdmCondSDUDelaySwitch is
set to ON.
There are 10 or more PDUs whose
SDU delay is greater
than FACHAdmSDUDelayThd in the
DTCH buffer.
The DTCH queue is congested.
Data Transmission TVM-based F2P Transition by Means
Suspension P2D Transition of Physical Channel

the RNC suspends RLC data This function enables UEs F2P transitions by means of
transmission when triggering an F2D in the CELL_PCH state to physical channel
state transition. The RNC keeps RLC enter the CELL_DCH state reconfiguration reduce
data transmission suspended until the when the amount of data FACH bandwidth
F2D state transition is complete or the to be transmitted exceeds consumption, because
UE returns to the CELL_FACH state. the 4A threshold. This physical channel
This ensures that user-plane data is eliminates the need for P2F reconfiguration messages
transmitted over the DCH whenever transitions prior to F2D generate 50% less air
possible. transitions and thereby interface traffic than RB
SET improves the FACH reconfiguration messages.
URRCTRLSWITC PROCESSSWI resource utilization
TCH3 RNC_F2D_RLC_SUSPEND efficiency.
When the DTCH is congested, RNC triggers P2D
transition. The trigger conditions and how
DTCH flow control is implemented are as follows:
When a UE with PS services in the CELL_PCH state
initiates a cell update, a P2D transition is triggered if
the following conditions are met:
1. The PROCESSSWITCH2 parameter is set
2. The UE is of Release 5 or a later version.
3. The DTCH is congested but the CCCH and DCCH are
4. In the cell update message triggered by PS data
transmission, the value of IE "Cell update cause" is
"uplink data transmission" or "paging response", and
the IE "Establishment cause" is not reported.
The following describes how a D2Idle procedure is
triggered for UEs processing PS services when the DTCH is
selected under PerfEnhanceSwitch, the RNC initiates a D2F
transition request. If the DTCH is congested, the RNC
evaluates the measurement quantities (indicating the traffic
volume or throughput) contained in the uplink and
downlink 4B measurement reports. If the measurement
quantities are all 0, a D2Idle transition starts. If the
measurement quantities are not all 0, the UE remains in the
CELL_DCH state.
DTCH flow control stops once the DTCH is no longer
P2D (for FACH Efficiency
DTCH boost Data D2Idle
Congestion) suspension

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FACH Decrease 4B
FACH 60 Efficiency
users boost TVM
based P2D