Anda di halaman 1dari 18


Basic of HSDPA Throughput

Data transfer
Available resources of User
Data 1
User 2
HSDPA Scheduling Data transfer
Required resources User n
Users to transmit data
Middle statistics CQI Channel code
Data attributes

Training: UMTS HSPA Data Transmission Performance Improvement Training

TG: URFSTG00325-Troubleshooting Guide to UMTS PS Data Transmission Problems-A-V2R1.doc

Page 2
Basic of HSDPA Data Transmission Model

Water is discharged from the water tank to the

Water tank pool

Water is poured to the belt conveyer through a

SGSN valve-controlled water pipe

The valve size is determined by the belt

RNC conveyer.

The belt conveyer fills water to the bottle in a

NodeB certain rate.

Page 3
ISSUE: HSDPA Throughput vs. Target in Glasgow 1B

ISSUE 1: HSDPA throughput can not get the target after swap in Glasgow 1B cluster;
ISSUE 2: DT throughput can not get the target;
ISSUE 3: Customer complain the PS data rate very low.

Page 4
HSDPA Throughput issue analysis

Analysis flow Action Needs

Resource check

Parameter audit

TOP Cell analysis

Action of Parameter opt

TG: URFSTG00325-Troubleshooting Guide to UMTS PS Data Transmission Problems-A-V2R1.doc

Page 5
HSDPA Throughput issue analysis

Resource Uu Interface
Allocate Method
MPO not
Limitation proper
Power CQI
Schedule Algorithm L2L swap
E1 num not No Adjust by
enough Coverage Dynamic BLER
Iub Limitation
Transmission A lot small-packet
service in HSDPA
tariff policy
Transmission limitation Service
adjust UE access
even in cell
tariff center
Some Server unstable Large packet service TP of
policy even Access
Server CAT More UE access in
the border of Cell
not enough data in Buffer More high-cat UE

Operator Out of RAN UE

Page 6
HSDPA Throughput issue analysis

Cause Action Analysis Optimization

1, parameter tuning whole network
Resource Allocate Parameter check It is difficulty to divide the cell to power limit or code limit,
2, raise a RM to R&D to set the
Method Top cell check the power and code balance method is better.
default value in R14
1, parameter tuning whole network
No Adjust by BE (non-conversation) can get better throughput based on
Parameter check 2, raise a RM to R&D to set the
Dynamic BLER the real channel quality.
default value in R14
1, Optimize the status transfer timer to put the small-packet
A lot small-packet Top cell check user to FACH 1, parameter tuning in top cells
service in HSDPA Customer complain 2, tuning parameter to make sure the user can transfer 2, expansion 2nd SCCPCH
status in HSDPA quickly.
The UE measures the Ec/No of the Common Pilot Channel
(CPICH) and adds a Measurement Power Offset (MPO) as
MPO not proper Parameter check parameter tuning in top cells
the Ec/No estimation value of the HS-PDSCH, to modify
the SNR of channel evaluation.
Resource check E1 expansion or change to IP(can
E1 num not enough The Iub limit the throughput in some hotspots.
Top cell check not control)
not enough data in Top cell check
This is the limitation of server. None
Buffer Customer complain
More UE access in Top cell check Need U900 activation to optimize
The coverage have extension after the 3rd carrier activation.
the border of Cell Customer complain the coverage of top cell.

Page 7
HSDPA Throughput Optimization

OPT 1 . HSDPA radio resource allocation strategies, whole network


This feature can balance the consumption of currently available code resources and power resources, to avoid code or power
unilaterally congestion in order to improve resource utilization, enhance cell capacity. Relative to the code priority, the power
code balance can enhance the cell downlink load, while reducing the resource utilization of code.

CODE_PRI: Code resource priority allocation strategy is mainly used in the power-limit scenario, this strategy led to a low
ratio of power resource utilization in the power not limit scenario, thereby reducing the system throughput.

POWER_PRI: power resources for priority allocation, mainly used in the code resource constrained scenario, this strategy led
to a low ratio of code resource utilization in the code not limit scenario, thereby reducing the system throughput.

Page 8
HSDPA Throughput Optimization

OPT 2. Configuring CQI Adjustment Based on Dynamic BLER Target

With this feature, the NodeB can dynamically select the optimum BLER target value based on the channel quality fluctuation
of HSDPA users. The NodeB then adjusts the Channel Quality Indicator (CQI) accordingly, improving user throughput and cell

NO_CQI_ADJ: The UE measures the Ec/No of the Common Pilot Channel (CPICH) and adds a Measurement Power Offset
(MPO) as the Ec/No estimation value of the HS-PDSCH. That is, the UE assumes that the NodeB transmits the HS-PDSCH
according to CPICH Power + MPO. Then, add the SF gain 10 * log16 to obtain the SNR of the HS-PDSCH. Obtain the CQI
according to the relationship between the SNR and CQI of the simulated HS-PDSCH.

CQI_ADJ_BY_IBLER: 1st SBLER indicates the BLER of initial data transmission, also called IBLER. With this feature ,NodeB
can adjust CQI to a proper value according IBLER . But in some scenario ,If the SBLER is always around 10% no matter how
you move the position, it may results from enabling the function of channel adjustment.

Page 9
HSDPA Throughput Optimization

OPT 3. status transfer parameter optimization

MML Parameter Default value Opt value

BeF2DTvmTimeToTrig D0 D640

BeF2HTvmTimeToTrig D0 D640

BeH2FTvmTimeToTrig D5000 D2560

D2FTvmTimeToTrig D5000 D2560

BeD2FStateTransTimer 5 2
BeH2FStateTransTimer 5 2

Page 10
HSDPA Throughput Optimization- OPT1&2&3

The HSDPA throughput has a steady improvement after swap in the last 30 days.

The average HSDPA throughput reach the target 1776 bps.

Page 11
HSDPA Throughput Optimization

OPT 4. Modify Cell HSDPA Parameters (Recommended value of Power Compensate is set to 1~1.5)
MOD UCELLHSDPA : CellId=0, HsPdschMPOConstEnum = 0;
This parameter named Measure Power Offset Constant is used to compute measurement power offset. Measurement power
offset is used by UE to obtain total received HS-PDSCH power. The calculation for Measure Power Offset is as shown below:

CQI = CPICH Ec/No + MPO + 10 * log16 + 4.5

= SNRcpich + MPO + 4.5
= SNRhs-pdsch (based on assumed power) + 4.5 (with a round process, depending on the UE implementation)

MPO = min(13, Pcell-Pcpich - MPO constant) dB , The MPO constant is 2.5 by default
(For details of the IE "Measure Power Offset", refer to 3GPP TS 25.214)

Page 12
HSDPA Throughput Optimization- OPT 4

Page 13
Page 14
Page 15