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JAPANESE

INDUSTRIAL
STANDARD
Translated and Published by
Japanese Standards Association

JIS G 0321 :2010

(JISF)
Product analysis and its tolerance
for wrought steel

ICS 77.040.01;77.140.01
Reference number: JIS G 0321 : 2010 (E)

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G 0321 : 2010

Date of Establishment: 1966-09-01


Date of Revision: 2010-10-20
Date of Public Notice in Official Gazette: 2010-10-20
Investigated by: Japanese Industrial Standards Committee
Standards Board
Technical Committee on Iron and Steel

JIS G 0321 :2010, First English edition published in 2011-03

Translated and published by: Japanese Standards Association


4-1-24, Akasaka, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 107-8440 JAPAN

In the event of any doubts arising as to the contents,


the original JIS is to be the final authority.

JSA 2011
All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or
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utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and
microfilm, without permission in writing from the publisher.

Printed in Japan
KAIAT

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Contents

Page

1 Scope ...................................................... 1

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2 Normative references ...................................................... 1
3 Terms and definitions ............................................................................................... 1

4 Method of sampling for analysis ...................................................... 2


4.1 Method of sampling for analysis ...................................................... 2
4.2 Number of analytical samples ...................................................... 3

5 Analysis method 3
5.1 Chemical composition specified in each standard of wrought steel 3
5.2 Chemical composition not specified in each standard of wrought steel 3
6 Tolerances for product analysis ...................................................... 3

7 Re-sampling and re-analysis4

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G 0321 : 2010

Foreword
This translation has been made based on the original Japanese Industrial Standard
revised by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry, through deliberations at
the Japanese Industrial Standards Committee as the result of proposal of revision
of Japanese Industrial Standard submitted by The Japan Iron and Steel Federation
(JISF) with the draft being attached, based on the provision of Article 12 Clause 1
of the Industrial Standardization Law applicable to the case of revision by the provision
of Article 14.
Consequently JIS G 0321: 2005 has been replaced with this Standard.
This JIS document is protected by the Copyright Law.
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some parts of this Standard may conflict
with a patent right, application for a patent after opening to the public, utility model
right or application for registration of utility model after opening to the public which
have technical properties. The relevant Minister and the Japanese Industrial Standards
Committee are not responsible for identifying the patent right, application for a patent
after opening to the public, utility model right or application for registration of utility
model after opening to the public which have the said technical properties.

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JAPANESE INDUSTRIAL STANDARD JIS G 0321 : 2010

Product analysis and its tolerance for


wrought steel

1 Scope
This Japanese Industrial Standard specifies the product analysis and its tolerance
for the killed steel products of rolled or forged carbon steel, alloy steel, stainless steel
and heat resisting steel (hereafter referred to as "wrought steel").
In addition, the application of this Standard shall be as stated in the individual prod-
uct standards.

2 Norma ti ve references
The standards listed in table 1 contain provisions which, through reference in this
text, constitute provisions of this Standard. The most recent editions of the standards
(including amendments) indicated in the table shall be applied.

3 Terms and definitions


For the purpose of this Standard, the terms and definitions given in JIS G 0417
and JIS G 1201, and the following apply:

3.1 heat analysis


analysis of chemical composition performed by the manufacturer according to a Japanese
Industrial Standard or other certain documented procedure, for determining the rep-
resentative values of the molten steel
This analysis is generally carried out on analytical samples 1) taken during a series
of procedures in which the molten steel is poured into a mould from a ladle and then

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solidified.
Note 1) Where it is not feasible to obtain the analytical sample from the molten
steel, such as in vacuum arc remelting method (VAR), electro-slag remelt-
ing method (ESR), or other method, the analysis is carried out on ana-
lytical samples taken from steel ingot, steel slab, or steel material, and
the results are applied to the heat analysis.

3.2 product analysis


analysis carried out on analytical samples taken from wrought steel
NOTE: The analytical values obtained by a product analysis can differ from
those obtained by a heat analysis due to segregation, and can also show
variation between different samples.

3.3 tolerances for product analysis


permissible deviation of the individual value of product analysis from the upper limit
value and/or the lower limit value of the heat analysis specified in a standard of wrought
steels

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G 0321: 2010

NOTE: For example, when the upper limit value of heat analysis of carbon (C)
specified in a standard of wrought steel is 0.25 %, and the tolerance for
product analysis on the plus side designated in a standard of wrought
steel in accordance with this Standard is +0.03 %, the permissible upper
limit value of product analysis is 0.28 %.

3.4 original analysis method


analysis method not specified in JIS, which falls under either of the following:
a) An appropriate steel analysis method developed by steel manufacturers, steel users,
laboratories and so on, which is made public in the form of library, research pa-
per and so on, and whose preciseness is verified by the certifying standard mate-
rial and so on.
b) An analytical method prepared by altering a part 2) of the procedures of the rel-
evant JIS standard method so as to have a broader range of application, and which
satisfies the critical limit from a certified value, repeatability limit and within labo-
ratory reproducibility limit specified in 7.2 or 7.3 of JIS G 1201.
Note 2) Mass of sample weighed, aliquot ratio, the amount of extracted solvent,
or other matters.

3.5 sample product


product sampled from the test unit for inspection and/or test

4 Method of sampling for analysis

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4.1 Method of sampling for analysis
The method of sampling for analysis shall be as follows:
a) The analytical sample for product analysis shall be taken from a position repre-
senting the average chemical composition of the cross-section of the original steel
billet.
If the method of sampling is not specified in the product standard or in the re-
quirements given in the order of the product, the analytical sample may be directly
taken from the specimens or test pieces for the mechanical test, or a sample product.
b) The analytical sample shall be free from scales, rust, paint, plating metal, decar-
burized layer and impurities. Further, the analytical sample shall not be used if
oxidized, rusted or soiled during storage.
When the sample is taken from chips produced in machining, the sampling pro-
cedure shall be in accordance with 4.4 of JIS G 0417.
c) When the analytical sample is to be taken directly from a sample product, the
procedure in clause 10 of JIS G 0417 shall be applied. However, if this is imprac-
ticable, analytical samples shall be taken by a suitable method referring to 4.1 a)
and 4.1 b). In this case, the sampling method shall be subjected to the agreement
between the purchaser and the manufacturer.

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G 0321: 2010

d) When the analytical samples for the emission spectrometric analysis and fluores-
cent X-ray analysis of the product analysis are to be directly taken from a sample
product, the samples which comply with JIS G 1253 and JIS G 1256 shall be taken
in accordance with clause 10 of JIS G 0417. However, when the sample for in-
strumental analysis can not be taken in accordance with 4.1 a), the analysis shall
not be carried out.

4.2 Number of analytical samples


When the number of analytical samples is not specified in a standard of wrought
steel, one sample shall be taken from a unit of products manufactured from the same
heat.

5 Analysis method

5.1 Chemical composition specified in each standard of wrought steel


Analysis method shall be as follows. In the case of doubt arising as to the analyti-
cal value obtained by the instrumental analysis, a re-analysis may be performed by a
chemical analysis method.
JIS G 1211, JIS G 1212, JIS G 1213, JIS G 1214, JIS G 1215-1, JIS G 1215-2,
JIS G 1215-3, JIS G 1215-4, JIS G 1216, JIS G 1217, JIS G 1218, JIS G 1219,
JIS G 1220, JIS G 1221, JIS G 1222, JIS G 1223, JIS G 1224, JIS G 1225,
JIS G 1226, JIS G 1227, JIS G 1228, JIS G 1229, JIS G 1232, JIS G 1233,
JIS G 1234, JIS G 1235, JIS G 1236, JIS G 1237, JIS G 1253, JIS G 1256,
JIS G 1257, JIS G 1258-1, JIS G 1258-2, JIS G 1258-3, JIS G 1258-4,
JIS G 1258-5, JIS G 1258-6, JIS G 1258-7, JIS G 1281

5.2 Chemical composition not specified in each standard of wrought steel


Apply methods in 5.1, and if the component or the content rate under question can
not be determined by methods in 5.1, an original analysis method agreed between the
manufacturer and the purchaser shall be applied.

6 Tolerances for product analysis


The tolerances for product analysis shall be as follows:
a) The tolerances for product analysis are given in table 2 to table 5.
As a rule, table 2 and table 3 shall be applicable for carbon steel, table 4 for alloy
steel (excluding stainless steel and heat resisting steel) and table 5 for stainless
steel and heat resisting steel. The application of tables shall be as specified in
the respective standards.
b) The values obtained from the product analysis shall not exceed the prescribed
maximum value of chemical composition plus the upper limit value given in tables
2 to 5 or be lower than the prescribed minimum value minus the lower limit value
given in the said tables. However, the tolerance shall be obtained from the table
of tolerance based on the specified maximum value of chemical composition. If only
the minimum value is specified, the tolerance shall be obtained from the table of
tolerance based on the minimum value of the chemical composition.
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c) For the tolerance of one kind of wrought steel, all or a part of the tolerances in
one table shall be applied, and tolerances in 2 or more tables shall not be used in
mixture.

7 Re-sampling and re-analysis


When the result of analysis does not conform to this Standard, a re-sampling and
re-analysis may be performed upon agreement between the purchaser and the manu-
facturer.

Table 1 Normative references

JIS G 0417 Steel and iron - Sampling and JIS G 1220 Iron and steel-Methods for de-
preparation of samples for the determina- termination of tungsten content
tion of chemical composition JIS G 1221 Iron and steel-Methods for de-
JIS G 1201 Iron and steel-General rules for termination of vanadium content
analytical methods JIS G 1222 Iron and steel-Methods for de-
JIS G 1211 Iron and steel-Methods for de- termination of cobalt content
termination of carbon content JIS G 1223 Iron and steel-Methods for de-
JIS G 1212 Iron and steel-Methods for de- termination of titanium content
termination of silicon content JIS G 1224 Iron and steel-Methods for de-
JIS G 1213 Iron and steel-Methods for de- termination of aluminium content
termination of manganese content JIS G 1225 Iron and steel-Methods for de-
JIS G 1214 Iron and steel-Methods for de- termination of arsenic content
termination of phosphorus content JIS G 1226 Iron and steel-Method for deter-
JIS G 1215-1 Iron and steel-Determination mination of tin content
of sulfur content-Part 1: Gravimetric JIS G 1227 Iron and steel-Methods for de-
method after separation of iron termination of boron content
JIS G 1215-2 Iron and steel-Determination JIS G 1228 Iron and steel-Methods for de-
of sulfur content-Part 2: Gravimetric termination of nitrogen content
method after chromatographic separation
JIS G 1229 Steel-Methods for determina-
JIS G 1215-3 Iron and steel-Determination tion of lead content
of sulfur content-Part 3: Methylene blue
spectrophotometric method after separa- JIS G 1232 Methods for determination of zir-
tion of hydrosulfide conium in steel
JIS G 1215-4 Iron and steel-Determination JIS G 1233 Steel-Method for determination
of sulfur content-Part 4: Infrared absorp- of selenium content
tion method after combustion in an induc- JIS G 1234 Methods for determination of tel-
tion furnace lurium in steel
JIS G 1216 Iron and steel-Methods for de- JIS G 1235 Methods for determination of
termination of nickel content antimony in iron and steel
JIS G 1217 Iron and steel-Methods for de- JIS G 1236 Method for determination of tan-
termination of chromium content talum in steel
JIS G 1218 Iron and steel-Methods for de- JIS G 1237 Iron and steel-Methods for de-
termination of molybdenum content termination of niobium content
JIS G 1219 Iron and steel-Methods for de- JIS G 1253 Iron and steel-Method for spark
termination of copper content discharge atomic emission spectrometric
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Table 1 (concl uded)

JIS G 1256 Iron and steel-Method for X-ray JIS G 1258-4 Iron and steel-ICP atomic
fluorescence spectrometric analysis emission spectrometric method-Part 4:
JIS G 1257 Iron and steel-Methods for Determination of niobium content-Disso-
atomic absorption spectrometric analysis lution in phosphoric and sulfuric acids or
dissolution in acids and fusion with po-
JIS G 1258-1 Iron and steel-ICP atomic tassium disulfate
emission spectrometric method-Part 1:
Determination of silicon, manganese, JIS G 1258-5 Iron and steel-ICP atomic
phosphorus, nickel, chromium, molybde- emission spectrometric method-Part 5:
num, copper, vanadium, cobalt, titanium Determination of boron content-Dissolu-
and aluminium contents-Dissolution in tion in phosphoric and sulfuric acids
acids and fusion with potassium disulfate JIS G 1258-6 Iron and steel-ICP atomic
JIS G 1258-2 Iron and steel-ICP atomic emission spectrometric method-Part 6:
emission spectrometric method-Part 2: Determination of boron content-Dissolu-
Determination of manganese, nickel, chro- tion in acids and fusion with sodium car-
mium, molybdenum, copper, tungsten, va- bonate
nadium, cobalt, titanium and niobium JIS G 1258-7 Iron and steel-ICP atomic
contents-Dissolution in phosphoric and emission spectrometric method-Part 7:
sulfuric acids Determination of boron content-Distilla-
JIS G 1258-3 Iron and steel-ICP atomic tion as trimethyl borate
emission spectrometric method-Part 3: JIS G 1281 Methods for chemical analysis of
Determination of silicon, manganese, nickel-chromium-iron alloys
phosphorus, nickel, chromium, molybde-
num, copper, vanadium, cobalt, titanium
and aluminium contents-Dissolution in
acids and fusion with sodium carbonate

Table 2 Tolerances for product analysis of carbon steel (1)


Unit: %
Elements Maximum value of prescribed Tolerance
chemical composition
Lower limit Upper limit
C 0.15 or under 0.02 0.03
Over 0.15 up to and incl. 0040 0.03 0.04
Over 0040 up to and incl. 0.80 0.03 0.05
Over 0.80 0.03 0.06
Si 0.30 or under 0.02 0.03
Over 0.30 up to and incl. 0.60 0.05 0.05
Mn 0.60 or under 0.03 0.03
Over 0.60 up to and incl. 1.15 0.04 0.04
Over 1.15 up to and incl. 1.65 0.05 0.05
P 0.060 or under - 0.010
S 0.060 or under - 0.010
Cu When the minimum value is 0.02 -
specified.
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Table 3 Tolerances for product analysis of carbon steel (2)


Unit: %
Elements Maximum value of prescribed Tolerance on sectional area given below
chemical composition
65000 mm 2 Over Over Over
or under 65000 mm 2 130000 mm 2 260000 mm 2
up to and incl. up to and incl. up to and incl.
130000 mm2 260000 mm 2 520000 mm 2
Lower Upper Lower Upper Lower Upper Lower Upper
limit limit limit limit limit limit limit limit
C 0.25 or under 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05
Over 0.25 up to and incl. 0.55 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.06
Over 0.55 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07
Si 0.35 or under 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04
Over 0.35 up to and incl. 0.60 0.05 0.05 - - - - - -

Mn 0.90 or under 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07
Over 0.90 up to and incl. 1.65 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.08
P 0.050 or under - 0.008 - 0.010 - 0.010 - 0.015
S 0.060 or under - 0.008 - 0.010 - 0.010 - 0.015
Cu When the minimum value is 0.02 - 0.03 - - - - -
specified.

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Table 4 Tolerances for product analysis of alloy steel


Unit: %
Elements Maximum value of prescribed Tolerance on sectional area given below
chemical composition
65000 mm 2 Over Over Over
or under 65000 mm 2 130000 mm2 260000 mm 2
up to and incl. up to and incl. up to and incl.
130000 mm 2 260000 mm2 520000 mm 2
Lower Upper Lower Upper Lower Upper Lower Upper
limit limit limit limit limit limit limit limit
C 0.30 or under 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04
Over 0.30 up to and incl. 0.75 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05
Over 0.75 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.06
Si 0.35 or under 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04
Over 0.35 up to and incl. 2.20 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07
Mn 0.90 or under 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.06
Over 0.90 up to and incl. 2.10 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07
P 0.050 or under - 0.005 - 0.010 - 0.010 - 0.010
S 0.060 or under - 0.005 - 0.010 - 0.010 - 0.010
Cu 1.00 or under 0.03 0.03 - - - - - -
Over 1.00 up to and incl. 2.00 0.05 0.05 - - - - - -

Ni 1.00 or under 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
Over 1.00 up to and incl. 2.00
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0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05


Over 2.00 up to and incl. 5.30 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07
Over 5.30 up to and incl. 10.00 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10
Cr 0.90 or under 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05
Over 0.90 up to and incl. 2.10 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07
Over 2.10 up to and incl. 10.00 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.12 0.12 0.14 0.14
Mo 0.20 or under 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03
Over 0.20 up to and incl. 0040 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04
Over 0040 up to and incl. 1.15 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.06
V 0.10 or under 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Over 0.10 up to and incl. 0.25 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
Over 0.25 up to and incl. 0.50 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
When the minimum value is 0.01 - 0.01 - 0.01 - 0.01 -
specified.
W 1.00 or under 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.06
Over 1.00 up to and incl. 4.00 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.09 0.10 0.10 0.12 0.12
Al 1.50 or under 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10

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Table 5 Tolerances for product analysis of stainless steel and


heat resisting steel
Unit: %
Elements Maximum value of prescribed Tolerance
chemical composition
Lower limit Upper limit
C 0.030 or under - 0.005
Over 0.030 up to and incl. 0.20 0.01 0.01
Over 0.20 up to and incl. 0.60 0.02 0.02

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Over 0.60 up to and incl. 1.20 0.03 0.03
Si 1.00 or under - 0.05
Over 1.00 up to and incl. 4.50 0.10 0.10
Mn 1.00 or under - 0.03
Over 1.00 up to and incl. 3.00 0.04 0.04
P 0.040 or under - 0.005
S 0.040 or under - 0.005
Ni 1.00 or under - 0.03
Over 1.00 up to and incl. 5.00 0.07 0.07
Over 5.00 up to and incl. 10.00 0.10 0.10
Over 10.00 up to and incl. 20.00 0.15 0.15
Over 20.00 up to and incl. 27.00 0.20 0.20
Over 27.00 up to and incl. 30.00 0.25 0.25
Over 30.00 up to and incl. 40.00 0.30 0.30
Cr Over 4.00 up to and incl. 10.00 0.10 0.10
Over 10.00 up to and incl. 15.00 0.15 0.15
Over 15.00 up to and incl. 20.00 0.20 0.20
Over 20.00 up to and incl. 27.00 0.25 0.25
Mo Over 0.20 up to and incl. 0.60 0.03 0.03
Over 0.60 up to and incl. 1.75 0.05 0.05
Over 1.75 up to and incl. 4.00 0.10 0.10
Cu 0.50 or under - 0.03
Over 0.50 up to and incl. 1.00 0.05 0.05
Over 1.00 up to and incl. 2.50 0.10 0.10
W Over 1.75 up to and incl. 5.00 0.10 0.10
Ti When the minimum value is 0.05 -
specified.
Nb+Ta When the minimum value is 0.05 -
specified.
Al 0.10 or over up to and incl. 0.30 0.05 0.05
N Over 0.19 up to and incl. 0.25 0.02 0.02

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