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PENYUSUNAN MASTERPLAN JAMBI AGRO INDUSTRIAL PARK (JAIP)

Buku Laporan Pendahuluan ini merupakan laporan awal dalam Penyusunan


Masterplan Agro Industri Park Provinsi Jambi. Laporan ini merupakan bagian dari
pelaksanaan pengawasan pekerjaan.

Dalam Laporan Pendahuluan ini dipaparkan Latar Belakang perlunya kegiatan


penyusunan JAIP, pemahaman pekerjaan dan inovasi, gambaran umum wilayah,
metodologi, serta rencana kerja. Laporan ini selanjutnya dijadikan bahan diskusi
dengan stakeholder di Kawasan Studi.

Kepada semua pihak yang telah turut membantu menyusun Laporan Pendahuluan
ini kami sampaikan terima kasih.

Kata Pengantar
Jakarta, Juli 2007

PT. Tim Penyusun

Kata Pengantar & Daftar Isi -i


PENYUSUNAN MASTERPLAN JAMBI AGRO INDUSTRIAL PARK (JAIP)

Daftar Isi
BAB 1 PENDAHULUAN
1.1 LATAR BELAKANG................................................................................ 1-1
1.2 RUMUSAN PERSOALAN....................................................................... 1-4
1.3 MAKSUD, TUJUAN DAN SASARAN...................................................... 1-6
1.4 RUANG LINGKUP.................................................................................. 1-7
1.4.1 Lingkup Wilayah....................................................................... 1-7
1.4.2 Lingkup Materi.......................................................................... 1-8
1.4.3 Lingkup Pekerjaan................................................................... 1-8
1.4.4 Lingkup Kegiatan..................................................................... 1-9
1.5 KELUARAN PEKERJAAN...................................................................... 1-9
1.6 SISTEMATIKA PENULISAN................................................................... 1-10

BAB 2 PEMAHAMAN TERHADAP AGRO INDUSTRI DAN KAWASAN


2.1 PEMAHAMAN DASAR TENTANG AGRO INDUSTRI
..............................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................
2-1
2.1.1 Definisi Agro Industri
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
2-1
2.1.2 Prinsip-prinsip Agro industri
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
2-1
2.1.3 Tujuan & sasaran Agro industri
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
2-2
2.2 PEMAHAMAN DASAR KAWASAN
..............................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................
2-2
2.2.1 Ruang Lingkup Perencanaan Tata Ruang
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
2-2
2.2.2 Ruang Lingkup Teritorial

Kata Pengantar & Daftar Isi - ii


PENYUSUNAN MASTERPLAN JAMBI AGRO INDUSTRIAL PARK (JAIP)

...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
2-3
2.2.3 Ruang Lingkup Substantif
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
2-3
2.3 PEMAHAMAN TERHADAP KONSEP PENGEMBANGAN KAWASAN
BERBASIS PERTANIAN (AGROPOLITAN)
..............................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................
2-4
2.3.1 Agropolitan sebagai Alternatif Konsep Pengembangan
Kawasan
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
2-4
2.3.2 Konsep Struktur Ruang Kawasan Agropolitan
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
2-5
2.4 KAITAN RENCANA TATA RUANG DENGAN PROGRAM
PEMBANGUNAN
..............................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................
2-6
2.5 PROSES DAN PROSEDUR PERENCANAAN TATA RUANG
..............................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................
2-8
2.6 PEMAHAMAN MASTERPLAN KAWASAN AGROINDUSTRI JAMBI
(JAIP)
..............................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................
2-10
2.7 PEMAHAMAN TERHADAP RPJM PROVINSI JAMBI
..............................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................
2-13
2.7.1 Visi dan Misi Pembangunan Daerah
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
2-13
2.7.2 Strategi Pembangunan Daerah
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
2-14
2.7.3 Agenda Pembangunan Daerah Provinsi Jambi

Kata Pengantar & Daftar Isi - iii


PENYUSUNAN MASTERPLAN JAMBI AGRO INDUSTRIAL PARK (JAIP)

...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
2-15
2.7.4 Pembiayaan Pembangunan Daerah
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
2-16
2.7.5 Meningkatkan Daya Saing Ekonomi
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
2-19
2.7.5.1 Peningkatan Stabilitas Ekonomi Makro Daerah

2-19
2.7.5.2 Peningkatan Investasi dan Ekspor Non Migas

2-20
2.7.5.3 Peningkatan Lapangan Usaha dan Kesempatan
Kerja

2-20
2.7.5.4 Peningkatan Daya Saing Agroindustri

2-21
2.7.5.5 Pemberdayaan Koperasi dan Usaha Mikro, Kecil
dan Menengah

2-26
2.7.5.6 Peningkatan Pembangunan Infrastruktur

2-27

BAB 3 GAMBARAN UMUM WILAYAH KABUPATEN TANJUNG JABUNG TIMUR


3.1 KONDISI FISIK
..............................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................
3-1
3.2 KEBIJAKAN PEMERINTAH PUSAT DAN DAERAH TERKAIT
WILAYAH KAJIAN
..............................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................
3-3
3.3 POTENSI WILAYAH KAJIAN
..............................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................
3-4

Kata Pengantar & Daftar Isi - iv


PENYUSUNAN MASTERPLAN JAMBI AGRO INDUSTRIAL PARK (JAIP)

3.4 KONDISI KABUPATEN TANJUNG JABUNG TIMUR DAN MUARA


SABAK
..............................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................
3-6
3.5 KONDISI LAHAN KRITIS DI WILAYAH KAJIAN
..............................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................
3-9
3.6 PELABUHAN MUARA SABAK
..............................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................
3-9
3.7 INFRASTRUKTUR
..............................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................
3-12

BAB 4 PENDEKATAN & METODOLOGI


4.1 PENDEKATAN PENGEMBANGAN KAWASAN DALAM PROSES
PENYUSUNAN MASTERPLAN
..............................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................
4-1
4.1.1 Pengertian Kawasan
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
4-2
4.1.2 Tujuan Pengembangan Kawasan
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
4-3
4.2 PENDEKATAN AGRO INDUSTRI
..............................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................
4-5
4.2.1 Pengertian Agro Industri
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
4-5
4.2.2 Prinsip-Prinsip Agro Industri
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
4-5
4.2.3 Tujuan dan sasaran Agro industri
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
4-6

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PENYUSUNAN MASTERPLAN JAMBI AGRO INDUSTRIAL PARK (JAIP)

4.3 PROSES BERPIKIR PELAKSANAAN PEKERJAAN


..............................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................
4-7
4.4 METODOLOGI PELAKSANAAN PEKERJAAN
..............................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................
4-8
4.4.1 Persiapan dan identifikasi isu pelaksanaan pembangunan
Kawasan
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
4-9
4.4.2 Penentuan arah pengembangan Kawasan
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
4-11
4.4.3 Perkiraan kebutuhan pelaksanaan pembangunan Kawasan
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
4-15
4.4.3.1 Metodologi Perkiraan Kebutuhan (Need Assesment)
Kawasan Menyeluruh (Makro)
................................................................................
................................................................................
4.16
4.4.3.2 Perkiraan Kebutuhan Kawasan (Mikro)
................................................................................
................................................................................
4-16
4.4.3.3 Metode Analisis Teknis Kawasan
................................................................................
................................................................................
4-17
4.4.4 Perumusan rencana teknis ruang Kawasan Industri
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
4-19
4.4.5 Penetapan rencana ruang Kawasan
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
4-21
4.5 METODOLOGI YANG DIGUNAKAN DALAM PENYUSUNAN
MASTERPLAN
..............................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................
4-22

Kata Pengantar & Daftar Isi - vi


PENYUSUNAN MASTERPLAN JAMBI AGRO INDUSTRIAL PARK (JAIP)

4.5.1 Metode Pemenuhan Kebutuhan Pendukung Umum


Kawasan
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
4-22
4.5.2 Metode Analisis Tapak
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
4-23
4.5.3 Pendekatan Perencanaan Tapak
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
4-29
4.5.4 Perancangan Tapak
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
4-33
4.5.5 Perencanaan Jaringan Drainase
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
4-37
4.5.6 Pola Sirkulasi / Pergerakan
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
4-38
4.5.7 Rencana Jaringan Jalan
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
4-38
4.5.8 Rencana Sistem Sirkulasi Pejalan Kaki
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
4-38
4.5.9 Penghijauan / Landscaping
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
4-39
4.5.10 Sistim Jaringan Utilitas
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
4-42
4.6 METODE DAN TEORI TERAPAN LAINNYA

4-43

BAB 5 MEKANISME PELAKSANAAN PEKERJAAN


5.1 TAHAPAN KEGIATAN

Kata Pengantar & Daftar Isi - vii


PENYUSUNAN MASTERPLAN JAMBI AGRO INDUSTRIAL PARK (JAIP)

5-1
5.1.1 Persiapan
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
5-1
5.1.2 Pelaksanaan
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
5-3
5.1.3 Diskusi
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
5-6
5.2 JADUAL PELAKSANAAN PEKERJAAN

5-7
5.3 PELIBATAN TENAGA AHLI

5-7
5.4 JADUAL PENUGASAN TENAGA AHLI

5-10
5.5 ORGANISASI PELAKSANA PEKERJAAN

5-11
5.6 PELAPORAN

5-12

Daftar Tabel

TABEL 3.1. NAMA KECAMATAN BESERTA IBUKOTA DAN JUMLAH


DESA/KELURAHAN DI KABUPATEN TANJUNG JABUNG
TIMUR TAHUN 2005
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
3-1

Kata Pengantar & Daftar Isi - viii


PENYUSUNAN MASTERPLAN JAMBI AGRO INDUSTRIAL PARK (JAIP)

TABEL 3.2. TABEL JENIS KOMODITI , LUAS DAN HASIL TANAH KAS
DESA MENURUT KECAMATAN DI KABUPATEN TANJUNG
JABUNG TIMUR TAHUN 2005
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
3-5
TABEL 3.3. REALISASI TRAFIK TIGA PELABUHAN DI JAMBI
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
3-13
TABEL 4.1. MUATAN RENCANA KAWASAN AGROINDUSTRI
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
4-19
TABEL 4.2. STANDAR KEBUTUHAN SARANA UMUM
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
4-25
TABEL 4.3. PROGRAM KEBUTUHAN RUANG
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
4-31
TABEL 4.4. POLA PENGGUNAAN LAHAN
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
4-32
TABEL 4.5. ALOKASI PERUNTUKAN LAHAN KAWASAN INDUSTRI
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
4-32
TABEL 4.6. STANDAR KEBUTUHAN UTILITAS KAWASAN
AGROINDUSTRI
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
4-41
TABEL 4.7 ANALISIS MICRO SCREENING
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
4-54
TABEL 5.1. JADUAL PELAKSANAAN PEKERJAAN
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
5-7
TABEL 5.2. PELIBATAN TENAGA AHLI (MM)
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
5-10

Kata Pengantar & Daftar Isi - ix


PENYUSUNAN MASTERPLAN JAMBI AGRO INDUSTRIAL PARK (JAIP)

Kata Pengantar & Daftar Isi -x


PENYUSUNAN MASTERPLAN JAMBI AGRO INDUSTRIAL PARK (JAIP)

Daftar Gambar

GAMBAR 1.1 PETA WILAYAH STUDI


..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
1.8
GAMBAR 2.1. KONSEP PENGEMBANGAN KAWASAN AGROPOLITAN DI
INDONESIA
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
2-7
GAMBAR 2.2. ALUR INFORMASI PERUMUSAN RENCANA TATA RUANG
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
2-9
GAMBAR 3.1. KABUPATEN TANJUNG JABUNG TIMUR
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
3-2
GAMBAR 3.2. BATAS WILAYAH KABUPATEN TANJUNG JABUNG TIMUR
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
3-2
GAMBAR 4.1. ALUR PROSES PELAKSANAAN PEKERJAAN
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
4-8
GAMBAR 4.2. KERANGKA PENYUSUNAN MASTERPLAN KAWASAN
AGRO INDUSTRI JAMBI (JAIP)
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
4-10
GAMBAR 4.3. DIAGRAM ALIR RENCANA TAPAK KAWASAN INDUSTRI
(SUMBER: CHIARA DAN KOPPLEMEN, 1978)
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
4-23
GAMBAR 4.4 CONTOH RENCANA TAPAK

Kata Pengantar & Daftar Isi - xi


PENYUSUNAN MASTERPLAN JAMBI AGRO INDUSTRIAL PARK (JAIP)

..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
4-33
GAMBAR 4.5 CONTOH PRA RENCANA TEKNIS BANGUNAN
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
4-34
GAMBAR 4.6 CONTOH RENCANA TATA BANGUNAN LINGKUNGAN
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
4-34
GAMBAR 4.7 KONSEP PEKERJAAN PENGUPASAN DAN
PENGURANGAN
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
4-36
GAMBAR 4.8 CONTOH PENANGGULANGAN KAWASAN SISTEM
POLDER
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
4-37
GAMBAR 4.9 CONTOH POTONGAN JALAN DAN PENDUKUNGNYA
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
4-39
GAMBAR 4.10 CONTOH PENGGUNAAN POHON SEBAGAI
PENANGGULANGAN IKLIM MIKRO
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
4-41
GAMBAR 4.11 KESEIMBANGAN LOKALISASI
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
4-45
GAMBAR 4.12 LUAS JANGKAUAN RANGE DAN TRESHOLD
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
4-47
GAMBAR 5.1. STRUKTUR ORGANISASI TENAGA AHLI
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
5-10
GAMBAR 5.2. STRUKTUR ORGANISASI PEKERJAAN
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
5-11

Kata Pengantar & Daftar Isi - xii