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ADVANCED ALGEBRA AND STATISTICS first house painted blue.

If n is the total number


of houses in the row, how many of the houses
Question 1
are painted blue?
If Nelly gets 3 in his first quiz and 6 in his second
A [n-1]/2
quiz, and doubles his quiz everytime they have
quiz, what will be his average score after their B n/2 - 1
fifth quiz?
C [n+1]/2
A 22.8
D n/2 + 1
B 18.6

C 21.5
Question 5
D 20.4
In statistics, a/an __________ is an
arrangement of data according to size or
magnitude.
Question 2
A Frequency
In a circular dining table, 5 guests are to be
seated. In how many ways can the five guests B Array
sit?
C Matrix
A 10
D Discriminant
B 12

C 24
Question 6
D 30
A sample of 30 companies belonging to a
certain industry reported the following number
of employees.
Question 3
43 33 24 51 36
In a geometric progression 1, 2, 4, 8, . . . how
many terms are added if the sum is 127? 50 46 50 29 40

A 6 38 35 31 35 42

B 8 47 21 45 45 28

C 7 58 62 37 55 52

D 9 What is/are the mode/s of the set of data?

A 45 and 35

Question 4 B 50 and 45

On a certain street, there are an odd number of C 50


houses in a row. The houses in the row are
painted alternately blue and yellow, with the
D 45 A 20

B 23

Question 7 C 21

A sample of 30 companies belonging to a D 22


certain industry reported the following number
of employees.
Question 10
43 33 24 51 36 31
If x1 = 5, x2 = 6, x3 = 9, x4 = 13, x5 = 14, x6 = 16,
50 46 50 29 40 25
what is the value of \(\sum_{i-1}^{5}X_{i}\) ?
38 35 31 35 42 50
A 47
47 21 45 45 28 36
B 50
58 62 37 55 52 49
C 45
What is the range of given set of data?
D 49
A 56

B 41
Question 11
C 63
The percentiles are the scores-points that divide
D 40 a distribution into 100 equal parts. What do you
call a distribution that divides into 10 equal
parts?
Question 8
A Quartile
What is the sum of the first six terms in the
B inter quartile
arithmetic progression whose first three terms
are 1, 1, and 3? C tenths

A 26 D Decile

B 25

C 23 Question 12

D 24 Which of the following is/are TRUE? I. Given


the sequence 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, . . . is an
arithmetic sequence II. In the sequence 7, 14,
Question 9 21, 28, 35, . . the next term is 70 III. Given the
sequence 2, 5, 8, 11, 14, 17 the common
The first term of an arithmetic progression is 6 difference is 3
and the common difference is 3. What term is
51? A I only

B II only
C I and II only Linda started working at a monthly salary of P5,
600.00 and steadily received an annual increase
D III only
of P250. How much did she earn in the 11 years
that she worked in that office?

Question 13 A P69, 950.00

In the geometric progression 4, 12, 36, 108, . . . B P67, 200.00


the common ratio is:
C P64, 100.00
A 1/3
D P69, 700.00
B 2

C 3
Question 17
D 1
In how many ways can a committee of 4 be
chosen from a group of 8 people?

Question 14 A 48

If Jun saves P10.00 on the first week and adds B 70


P4.00 each week, how much will he save on the
C 32
last week of the 3rd month?
D 24
A P58.00

B P50.00
Question 18
C P40.00
A box contains 5 red balls, 4 blue balls, and 3
D P54.00
white balls. If a ball is chosen at random, what is
the probability that it is not blue?

Question 15 A 3/4

What is the 25th term of an arithmetic B 1/3


sequence whose 7th and 20th terms are 20 and
C 7/12
59 respectively?
D 2/3
A 51

B 55
Question 19
C 77
What is the range of g(x) = \(\frac{2x^{2}-1}{5}\)
D 74
A all real numbers

B all real numbers greater than -1/5


Question 16
C all real numbers greater than or equal to -1/5 What is the median?

D all real numbers greater than 0 A 40

B 43

Question 20 C 42

Which of the following expressions is not a D 41


function?

A \(y=\sqrt{x}\)
Question 23
B \(y=\frac{5x-3}{7}\)
What is the value of 3! (3 factorial)?
C y = 2x + 1
A cannot determine
D y=9x
B 3

C 6
Question 21
D 1
Given the table below, what is the equation of
the given relation?
Question 24
X 0 1 2 3 4 5
If an amoeba can produce 4 amoebas every six
y 1 3 5 7 9 11
hours, how many amoebas will there be after
A y=x one day if the reproduction started with one
amoeba?
B y = 2x
A 312
C y = 2x 1
B 374
D y = 2x + 1
C 82

D 256
Question 22

A sample of 30 companies belonging to a


certain industry reported the following number Question 25
of employees.
A sample of 30 companies belonging to a
43 33 24 51 certain
36 industry 31 reported the following number
of employees.
50 46 50 29 40 25
43 33 24 51 36
38 35 31 35 42 50
50 46 50 29 40
47 21 45 45 28 36
38 35 31 35 42
58 62 37 55 52 49
47 21 45 45 A28 25 36

58 62 37 55 B 52 100 49

What is the population mean if the sum is C 50


1224?
D 120
A 40.8

B 40.6
Question 29
C 46.4
A committee consists of three girls (Ana, Betty,
D 48.3 Connie) and five boys (Ryan, Ben, Ceasar,
Francis, Dan). A delegate to a conference is to
be chosen from the committee. What is the
Question 26 chance that a boy will be selected?

If two dice are tossed together, in how many A 5/8


ways can they fall?
B 1/8
A 36
C 1/7
B 12
D 3/8
C 6

D 24
Question 30

If f(x) = \(\frac{1}{x-3}\) , what is the domain of


Question 27 f(x)?

Fifty-one electric poles are placed along a A The domain of f(x) are all real numbers except -3.
straight highway such that the distance
B The domain of f(x) are all real numbers except 3.
between the first and the last pole is 2 250
meters and the distance between any two C The domain of f(x) are all real numbers.
consecutive poles are equal. How many meters
D The domain of f(x) are all real numbers except 0.
apart are any two successive poles?

A 45 meters

B 50 meters

C 30 meters

D 40 meters

Question 28

In how many ways can the letters of the word


MERCY be arranged?
ANSWER KEY 6

Question 1 8

If Nelly gets 3 in his first quiz and 6 in his second 7


quiz, and doubles his quiz everytime they have
9
quiz, what will be his average score after their
fifth quiz? Question 3 Explanation:
22.8 Given: a1 =1
sn = 127
18.6
a2 =2
21.5 n=?
r=a2/a1 = 2/1 = 2
20.4
sum of nth terms in geometric progression:
Question 1 Explanation: sn = [a1(1-r^n)]/ [1-r]
127 = [1(1-2^n)]/(1-2)
1st Quiz = 3 -127 = 1-2^n
2nd Quiz = 6 -2^7= -2^n
3rd Quiz = 12 n=7 -127 = 1-2n -127-1 = -2n -27= -2n n = 7
a1 = 3 r = 2
\(S_{n}= \frac{a_{1}(1-r^{n})}{1-r}= \frac{3(1- Question 4
2^{5})}{1-2}\)
On a certain street, there are an odd number of
\(S_{n}= \frac{3(1-32)}{1-r}= \frac{3(-31)}{-1}\)
houses in a row. The houses in the row are
\(S_{n}= \frac{-93}{-1} = 93\)
painted alternately blue and yellow, with the
93/5 = 18.16
first house painted blue. If n is the total number
Question 2 of houses in the row, how many of the houses
are painted blue?
In a circular dining table, 5 guests are to be
seated. In how many ways can the five guests [n-1]/2
sit?
n/2 - 1
10
[n+1]/2
12
n/2 + 1
24
Question 4 Explanation:
30
Let n = Total number of houses
Question 2 Explanation: n-1 = Odd number of house
[n-1]/2 = Houses that are painted blue
Solving by circular permutation P = (n-1)! = (5-
1)! = 4! = 24 Question 5

Question 3 In statistics, a/an __________ is an


arrangement of data according to size or
In a geometric progression 1, 2, 4, 8, . . . how magnitude.
many terms are added if the sum is 127?
Frequency 47 21 45 45 28

Array 58 62 37 55 52

Matrix What is the range of given set of data?

Discriminant 56

Question 5 Explanation: 41

Array is the arrangement of data according to 63


size or magnitude
40
Question 6
Question 7 Explanation:
A sample of 30 companies belonging to a
Range = Highest value Lowest Value
certain industry reported the following number
= 62 21 = 41
of employees.
Question 8
43 33 24 51 36 31
What is the sum of the first six terms in the
50 46 50 29 40 25
arithmetic progression whose first three terms
38 35 31 35 are
421, 1, and 3?50

47 21 45 45 28 26 36

58 62 37 55 52 25 49

What is/are the mode/s of the set of data? 23

45 and 35 24

50 and 45 Question 8 Explanation:

50 Sum of first 6 terms:


a1= -1
45
a6 = -1 + 5(2) = 9
Question 6 Explanation: sn = n/2(a1+a6)
s6 = 6/2(-1+9)
Most Frequent data is 50 = (3)8
Question 7 = 24

A sample of 30 companies belonging to a Question 9


certain industry reported the following number The first term of an arithmetic progression is 6
of employees. and the common difference is 3. What term is
43 33 24 51 51?
36 31

50 46 50 29 40 20 25

38 35 31 35 42 23 50
21 Which of the following is/are TRUE? I. Given
the sequence 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, . . . is an
22
arithmetic sequence II. In the sequence 7, 14,
Question 9 Explanation: 21, 28, 35, . . the next term is 70 III. Given the
sequence 2, 5, 8, 11, 14, 17 the common
Given: a1= 6 d = -3 difference is 3
an= -51 n = ?
an = a1+ (n-1)d I only
-51 = 6+(n-1)(-3)
II only
-51 = 6 +-3n+3
-51 = 9 + -3n I and II only
-51-9 = -3n
III only
-60 = -3n
n = 20 Question 12 Explanation:
Question 10 Statement I is false because it shows geometric
sequence. Statement II is false because the next
If x1 = 5, x2 = 6, x3 = 9, x4 = 13, x5 = 14, x6 = 16,
term is 42.
what is the value of \(\sum_{i-1}^{5}X_{i}\) ?
Question 13
47
In the geometric progression 4, 12, 36, 108, . . .
50
the common ratio is:
45
1/3
49
2
Question 10 Explanation:
3
= x1+x2+x3+x4+x5 = 5+6+9+13+14 = 47
1
Question 11
Question 13 Explanation:
The percentiles are the scores-points that divide
solving for the common ratio:
a distribution into 100 equal parts. What do you
r = a2/a1 = a3/a2 = a4/a3
call a distribution that divides into 10 equal
r = 12/4 = 36/12 = 108/36
parts?
r=3
Quartile
Question 14
inter quartile
If Jun saves P10.00 on the first week and adds
tenths P4.00 each week, how much will he save on the
last week of the 3rd month?
Decile
P58.00

P50.00
Question 12
P40.00
P54.00 of P250. How much did she earn in the 11 years
that she worked in that office?
Question 14 Explanation:
P69, 950.00
a1= 10.00
d = 4.00 P67, 200.00
an= 4 * 3 = 12wks
P64, 100.00
a12 = a1+(12-1)d
= 10.00 + (11) 4.00 P69, 700.00
= 10.00 + 44.00
= 54.00 Question 16 Explanation:

Question 15 a1= 5,600 * 12


= 67,200 (starting annual salary)
What is the 25th term of an arithmetic n = 1 d = 250
sequence whose 7th and 20th terms are 20 and a11 = a1+(11-1)d
59 respectively? = 67,200 +10 (250)
= 67,200 +2,500
51
= 69,700
55
Question 17
77
In how many ways can a committee of 4 be
74 chosen from a group of 8 people?

Question 15 Explanation: 48

Given : 70
a7 = 20
32
a20 = 59
a7 = a1 +(7-1)d 24
a20 = a1 +(20-1)d
20 = a1+6d 59 = a1+19d Question 17 Explanation:
Solving by elimination, we can solve the value of Solving by combination
d. C = n!/[(n-r)!r!]
a1+19d = 59 a1+19d = 59 n=8r=4
- a1+6d = 20 +- a1-6d = -20 8!/[(8-4!)4!
13d/13 = 39/13 [4x2x7x6x5]/[4x3x2x1]
d=3 =2x7x5
Solving for a1: Solving for a25: C = 70
20=a1+6(3) a25 = a1+24d
20 = a1+18 = 2 + 24(3) Question 18
a1 = 20-18 = 2+72 A box contains 5 red balls, 4 blue balls, and 3
a1 = 2 a25 = 74 white balls. If a ball is chosen at random, what is
Question 16 the probability that it is not blue?

Linda started working at a monthly salary of P5, 3/4


600.00 and steadily received an annual increase
1/3 \(y=\sqrt{x}\)

7/12 \(y=\frac{5x-3}{7}\)

2/3 y = 2x + 1

Question 18 Explanation: y=9x

Probability not blue = [5+3]/12 Question 20 Explanation:


= 8/12
Function - defined as a relation with one-to-one
= 2/3
correspondence. It means that for every value
Question 19 of X in the given equation, there corresponds a
unique value of Y.
What is the range of g(x) = \(\frac{2x^{2}-1}{5}\)
\(y=\sqrt{x}\), is not a function because given a
all real numbers value of x say x=4, there corresponds two values
for Y, 2 and -2
all real numbers greater than -1/5
Question 21
all real numbers greater than or equal to -1/5
WRONG
all real numbers greater than 0
Given the table below, what is the equation of
Question 19 Explanation: the given relation?
Solving for the range is also the same as solving X 0 1 2 3 4
for the domain.
y = \(\frac{2x^{2}-1}{5}\) y 1 3 5 7 9
5y = 2x^2-1
y=x
5y + 1 = 2x^2
\(\frac{5y+1}{2}=x^{2}\) y = 2x
\(x = \sqrt{\frac{5y+1}{2}}\)
y = 2x 1
Range is defined as all possible values of y
correspond to value of x. From the given y = 2x + 1
equation \(\frac{5y+1}{2}\) must be greater
than or equal to zero. Question 21 Explanation:
\(\frac{5y+1}{2} \geq 0\) SLOPE (m)= (y2-y1)/(x2-x1)
\(5y+1 \geq 0\) =(3-1)/(1-0)
\(\frac{5y}{5}\geq -\frac{1}{5}\) m=2
\(y \geq -\frac{1}{5}\) (y-intercept) b=1
Therefore, range for given equation: all real y=mx+b
numbers greater than or equal to -1/5 5y +1 y=2x+1
Therefore, range for given equation: all real
numbers greater than or equal to zero. Question 22

Question 20 A sample of 30 companies belonging to a


certain industry reported the following number
Which of the following expressions is not a of employees.
function?
43 33 24 51 one
36 day if the reproduction
31 started with one
amoeba?
50 46 50 29 40 25
312
38 35 31 35 42 50
374
47 21 45 45 28 36
82
58 62 37 55 52 49
256
What is the median?
Question 24 Explanation:
40
After 6 hrs = 4 amoebas After 12 hrs = 4*4= 16
43
amoebas After 18 hrs =16*4= 64 amoebas After
42 24 hrs =64*4=256 amoebas

41 Question 25

Question 22 Explanation: A sample of 30 companies belonging to a


certain industry reported the following number
To solve for the median, arrange the set of data of employees.
in increasing order.
21 24 25 28 29 31 31 33 35 35 36 36 37 38 40 43 33 24 51 36
42 43 45 45 46 47 49 50 50 50 51 52 55 58 62
50 46 50 29 40
15th = 40
16th = 42 38 35 31 35 42
median = [N+1]/2 = [30+1]/2 = 31/2 = 15.5th
47 21 45 45 28
score
x15 = 40 58 62 37 55 52
x16 = 42
[40+42]/2 = 41 What is the population mean if the sum is
1224?
Question 23
40.8
What is the value of 3! (3 factorial)?
40.6
cannot determine
46.4
3
48.3
6
Question 25 Explanation:
1
n = 30
Question 23 Explanation: sum = 1224
average: 1224/30 = 40.8
3! = 3*2*1 = 6
Question 26
Question 24
If two dice are tossed together, in how many
If an amoeba can produce 4 amoebas every six
ways can they fall?
hours, how many amoebas will there be after
36 Solving for permutation for different objects
nPn =n(n-1)(n-2)...(3)(2)(1) or n! 5! = 5*4*3*2*1
12
= 120 ways
6
Question 29
24
A committee consists of three girls (Ana, Betty,
Question 26 Explanation: Connie) and five boys (Ryan, Ben, Ceasar,
Francis, Dan). A delegate to a conference is to
each die has 6 possible outcomes, so 6x6 = 36 be chosen from the committee. What is the
Question 27 chance that a boy will be selected?

Fifty-one electric poles are placed along a 5/8


straight highway such that the distance 1/8
between the first and the last pole is 2 250
meters and the distance between any two 1/7
consecutive poles are equal. How many meters
3/8
apart are any two successive poles?
Question 29 Explanation:
45 meters
Total number of delegates = 8
50 meters
Total number of boys = 5
30 meters Probability = 5/8

40 meters Question 30

Question 27 Explanation: If f(x) = \(\frac{1}{x-3}\) , what is the domain of


f(x)?
Getting the distance between the two poles, we
must get the number of between the two The domain of f(x) are all real numbers except -3.
poles:
The domain of f(x) are all real numbers except 3.
51-1 = 50
2,250 / 50 = 45 meters The domain of f(x) are all real numbers.

Question 28 The domain of f(x) are all real numbers except 0.

In how many ways can the letters of the word Question 30 Explanation:
MERCY be arranged?
Solving for the domain, take note that division
25 by zero is undefined. From the given equation,
x-3 must not be equal to zero and must not be
100
included into the domain. Therefore the domain
50 of f(x) are all real number except x =

120

Question 28 Explanation: