Advanced Algebra and Statistics

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Advanced Algebra and Statistics

© All Rights Reserved

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- optim patch.pdf

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of houses in the row, how many of the houses

Question 1

are painted blue?

If Nelly gets 3 in his first quiz and 6 in his second

A [n-1]/2

quiz, and doubles his quiz everytime they have

quiz, what will be his average score after their B n/2 - 1

fifth quiz?

C [n+1]/2

A 22.8

D n/2 + 1

B 18.6

C 21.5

Question 5

D 20.4

In statistics, a/an __________ is an

arrangement of data according to size or

magnitude.

Question 2

A Frequency

In a circular dining table, 5 guests are to be

seated. In how many ways can the five guests B Array

sit?

C Matrix

A 10

D Discriminant

B 12

C 24

Question 6

D 30

A sample of 30 companies belonging to a

certain industry reported the following number

of employees.

Question 3

43 33 24 51 36

In a geometric progression 1, 2, 4, 8, . . . how

many terms are added if the sum is 127? 50 46 50 29 40

A 6 38 35 31 35 42

B 8 47 21 45 45 28

C 7 58 62 37 55 52

A 45 and 35

Question 4 B 50 and 45

houses in a row. The houses in the row are

painted alternately blue and yellow, with the

D 45 A 20

B 23

Question 7 C 21

certain industry reported the following number

of employees.

Question 10

43 33 24 51 36 31

If x1 = 5, x2 = 6, x3 = 9, x4 = 13, x5 = 14, x6 = 16,

50 46 50 29 40 25

what is the value of \(\sum_{i-1}^{5}X_{i}\) ?

38 35 31 35 42 50

A 47

47 21 45 45 28 36

B 50

58 62 37 55 52 49

C 45

What is the range of given set of data?

D 49

A 56

B 41

Question 11

C 63

The percentiles are the scores-points that divide

D 40 a distribution into 100 equal parts. What do you

call a distribution that divides into 10 equal

parts?

Question 8

A Quartile

What is the sum of the first six terms in the

B inter quartile

arithmetic progression whose first three terms

are 1, 1, and 3? C tenths

A 26 D Decile

B 25

C 23 Question 12

the sequence 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, . . . is an

arithmetic sequence II. In the sequence 7, 14,

Question 9 21, 28, 35, . . the next term is 70 III. Given the

sequence 2, 5, 8, 11, 14, 17 the common

The first term of an arithmetic progression is 6 difference is 3

and the common difference is 3. What term is

51? A I only

B II only

C I and II only Linda started working at a monthly salary of P5,

600.00 and steadily received an annual increase

D III only

of P250. How much did she earn in the 11 years

that she worked in that office?

the common ratio is:

C P64, 100.00

A 1/3

D P69, 700.00

B 2

C 3

Question 17

D 1

In how many ways can a committee of 4 be

chosen from a group of 8 people?

Question 14 A 48

P4.00 each week, how much will he save on the

C 32

last week of the 3rd month?

D 24

A P58.00

B P50.00

Question 18

C P40.00

A box contains 5 red balls, 4 blue balls, and 3

D P54.00

white balls. If a ball is chosen at random, what is

the probability that it is not blue?

Question 15 A 3/4

sequence whose 7th and 20th terms are 20 and

C 7/12

59 respectively?

D 2/3

A 51

B 55

Question 19

C 77

What is the range of g(x) = \(\frac{2x^{2}-1}{5}\)

D 74

A all real numbers

Question 16

C all real numbers greater than or equal to -1/5 What is the median?

B 43

Question 20 C 42

function?

A \(y=\sqrt{x}\)

Question 23

B \(y=\frac{5x-3}{7}\)

What is the value of 3! (3 factorial)?

C y = 2x + 1

A cannot determine

D y=9x

B 3

C 6

Question 21

D 1

Given the table below, what is the equation of

the given relation?

Question 24

X 0 1 2 3 4 5

If an amoeba can produce 4 amoebas every six

y 1 3 5 7 9 11

hours, how many amoebas will there be after

A y=x one day if the reproduction started with one

amoeba?

B y = 2x

A 312

C y = 2x 1

B 374

D y = 2x + 1

C 82

D 256

Question 22

certain industry reported the following number Question 25

of employees.

A sample of 30 companies belonging to a

43 33 24 51 certain

36 industry 31 reported the following number

of employees.

50 46 50 29 40 25

43 33 24 51 36

38 35 31 35 42 50

50 46 50 29 40

47 21 45 45 28 36

38 35 31 35 42

58 62 37 55 52 49

47 21 45 45 A28 25 36

58 62 37 55 B 52 100 49

1224?

D 120

A 40.8

B 40.6

Question 29

C 46.4

A committee consists of three girls (Ana, Betty,

D 48.3 Connie) and five boys (Ryan, Ben, Ceasar,

Francis, Dan). A delegate to a conference is to

be chosen from the committee. What is the

Question 26 chance that a boy will be selected?

ways can they fall?

B 1/8

A 36

C 1/7

B 12

D 3/8

C 6

D 24

Question 30

Question 27 f(x)?

Fifty-one electric poles are placed along a A The domain of f(x) are all real numbers except -3.

straight highway such that the distance

B The domain of f(x) are all real numbers except 3.

between the first and the last pole is 2 250

meters and the distance between any two C The domain of f(x) are all real numbers.

consecutive poles are equal. How many meters

D The domain of f(x) are all real numbers except 0.

apart are any two successive poles?

A 45 meters

B 50 meters

C 30 meters

D 40 meters

Question 28

MERCY be arranged?

ANSWER KEY 6

Question 1 8

quiz, and doubles his quiz everytime they have

9

quiz, what will be his average score after their

fifth quiz? Question 3 Explanation:

22.8 Given: a1 =1

sn = 127

18.6

a2 =2

21.5 n=?

r=a2/a1 = 2/1 = 2

20.4

sum of nth terms in geometric progression:

Question 1 Explanation: sn = [a1(1-r^n)]/ [1-r]

127 = [1(1-2^n)]/(1-2)

1st Quiz = 3 -127 = 1-2^n

2nd Quiz = 6 -2^7= -2^n

3rd Quiz = 12 n=7 -127 = 1-2n -127-1 = -2n -27= -2n n = 7

a1 = 3 r = 2

\(S_{n}= \frac{a_{1}(1-r^{n})}{1-r}= \frac{3(1- Question 4

2^{5})}{1-2}\)

On a certain street, there are an odd number of

\(S_{n}= \frac{3(1-32)}{1-r}= \frac{3(-31)}{-1}\)

houses in a row. The houses in the row are

\(S_{n}= \frac{-93}{-1} = 93\)

painted alternately blue and yellow, with the

93/5 = 18.16

first house painted blue. If n is the total number

Question 2 of houses in the row, how many of the houses

are painted blue?

In a circular dining table, 5 guests are to be

seated. In how many ways can the five guests [n-1]/2

sit?

n/2 - 1

10

[n+1]/2

12

n/2 + 1

24

Question 4 Explanation:

30

Let n = Total number of houses

Question 2 Explanation: n-1 = Odd number of house

[n-1]/2 = Houses that are painted blue

Solving by circular permutation P = (n-1)! = (5-

1)! = 4! = 24 Question 5

arrangement of data according to size or

In a geometric progression 1, 2, 4, 8, . . . how magnitude.

many terms are added if the sum is 127?

Frequency 47 21 45 45 28

Array 58 62 37 55 52

Discriminant 56

Question 5 Explanation: 41

size or magnitude

40

Question 6

Question 7 Explanation:

A sample of 30 companies belonging to a

Range = Highest value Lowest Value

certain industry reported the following number

= 62 21 = 41

of employees.

Question 8

43 33 24 51 36 31

What is the sum of the first six terms in the

50 46 50 29 40 25

arithmetic progression whose first three terms

38 35 31 35 are

421, 1, and 3?50

47 21 45 45 28 26 36

58 62 37 55 52 25 49

45 and 35 24

a1= -1

45

a6 = -1 + 5(2) = 9

Question 6 Explanation: sn = n/2(a1+a6)

s6 = 6/2(-1+9)

Most Frequent data is 50 = (3)8

Question 7 = 24

certain industry reported the following number The first term of an arithmetic progression is 6

of employees. and the common difference is 3. What term is

43 33 24 51 51?

36 31

50 46 50 29 40 20 25

38 35 31 35 42 23 50

21 Which of the following is/are TRUE? I. Given

the sequence 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, . . . is an

22

arithmetic sequence II. In the sequence 7, 14,

Question 9 Explanation: 21, 28, 35, . . the next term is 70 III. Given the

sequence 2, 5, 8, 11, 14, 17 the common

Given: a1= 6 d = -3 difference is 3

an= -51 n = ?

an = a1+ (n-1)d I only

-51 = 6+(n-1)(-3)

II only

-51 = 6 +-3n+3

-51 = 9 + -3n I and II only

-51-9 = -3n

III only

-60 = -3n

n = 20 Question 12 Explanation:

Question 10 Statement I is false because it shows geometric

sequence. Statement II is false because the next

If x1 = 5, x2 = 6, x3 = 9, x4 = 13, x5 = 14, x6 = 16,

term is 42.

what is the value of \(\sum_{i-1}^{5}X_{i}\) ?

Question 13

47

In the geometric progression 4, 12, 36, 108, . . .

50

the common ratio is:

45

1/3

49

2

Question 10 Explanation:

3

= x1+x2+x3+x4+x5 = 5+6+9+13+14 = 47

1

Question 11

Question 13 Explanation:

The percentiles are the scores-points that divide

solving for the common ratio:

a distribution into 100 equal parts. What do you

r = a2/a1 = a3/a2 = a4/a3

call a distribution that divides into 10 equal

r = 12/4 = 36/12 = 108/36

parts?

r=3

Quartile

Question 14

inter quartile

If Jun saves P10.00 on the first week and adds

tenths P4.00 each week, how much will he save on the

last week of the 3rd month?

Decile

P58.00

P50.00

Question 12

P40.00

P54.00 of P250. How much did she earn in the 11 years

that she worked in that office?

Question 14 Explanation:

P69, 950.00

a1= 10.00

d = 4.00 P67, 200.00

an= 4 * 3 = 12wks

P64, 100.00

a12 = a1+(12-1)d

= 10.00 + (11) 4.00 P69, 700.00

= 10.00 + 44.00

= 54.00 Question 16 Explanation:

= 67,200 (starting annual salary)

What is the 25th term of an arithmetic n = 1 d = 250

sequence whose 7th and 20th terms are 20 and a11 = a1+(11-1)d

59 respectively? = 67,200 +10 (250)

= 67,200 +2,500

51

= 69,700

55

Question 17

77

In how many ways can a committee of 4 be

74 chosen from a group of 8 people?

Question 15 Explanation: 48

Given : 70

a7 = 20

32

a20 = 59

a7 = a1 +(7-1)d 24

a20 = a1 +(20-1)d

20 = a1+6d 59 = a1+19d Question 17 Explanation:

Solving by elimination, we can solve the value of Solving by combination

d. C = n!/[(n-r)!r!]

a1+19d = 59 a1+19d = 59 n=8r=4

- a1+6d = 20 +- a1-6d = -20 8!/[(8-4!)4!

13d/13 = 39/13 [4x2x7x6x5]/[4x3x2x1]

d=3 =2x7x5

Solving for a1: Solving for a25: C = 70

20=a1+6(3) a25 = a1+24d

20 = a1+18 = 2 + 24(3) Question 18

a1 = 20-18 = 2+72 A box contains 5 red balls, 4 blue balls, and 3

a1 = 2 a25 = 74 white balls. If a ball is chosen at random, what is

Question 16 the probability that it is not blue?

600.00 and steadily received an annual increase

1/3 \(y=\sqrt{x}\)

7/12 \(y=\frac{5x-3}{7}\)

2/3 y = 2x + 1

= 8/12

Function - defined as a relation with one-to-one

= 2/3

correspondence. It means that for every value

Question 19 of X in the given equation, there corresponds a

unique value of Y.

What is the range of g(x) = \(\frac{2x^{2}-1}{5}\)

\(y=\sqrt{x}\), is not a function because given a

all real numbers value of x say x=4, there corresponds two values

for Y, 2 and -2

all real numbers greater than -1/5

Question 21

all real numbers greater than or equal to -1/5

WRONG

all real numbers greater than 0

Given the table below, what is the equation of

Question 19 Explanation: the given relation?

Solving for the range is also the same as solving X 0 1 2 3 4

for the domain.

y = \(\frac{2x^{2}-1}{5}\) y 1 3 5 7 9

5y = 2x^2-1

y=x

5y + 1 = 2x^2

\(\frac{5y+1}{2}=x^{2}\) y = 2x

\(x = \sqrt{\frac{5y+1}{2}}\)

y = 2x 1

Range is defined as all possible values of y

correspond to value of x. From the given y = 2x + 1

equation \(\frac{5y+1}{2}\) must be greater

than or equal to zero. Question 21 Explanation:

\(\frac{5y+1}{2} \geq 0\) SLOPE (m)= (y2-y1)/(x2-x1)

\(5y+1 \geq 0\) =(3-1)/(1-0)

\(\frac{5y}{5}\geq -\frac{1}{5}\) m=2

\(y \geq -\frac{1}{5}\) (y-intercept) b=1

Therefore, range for given equation: all real y=mx+b

numbers greater than or equal to -1/5 5y +1 y=2x+1

Therefore, range for given equation: all real

numbers greater than or equal to zero. Question 22

certain industry reported the following number

Which of the following expressions is not a of employees.

function?

43 33 24 51 one

36 day if the reproduction

31 started with one

amoeba?

50 46 50 29 40 25

312

38 35 31 35 42 50

374

47 21 45 45 28 36

82

58 62 37 55 52 49

256

What is the median?

Question 24 Explanation:

40

After 6 hrs = 4 amoebas After 12 hrs = 4*4= 16

43

amoebas After 18 hrs =16*4= 64 amoebas After

42 24 hrs =64*4=256 amoebas

41 Question 25

certain industry reported the following number

To solve for the median, arrange the set of data of employees.

in increasing order.

21 24 25 28 29 31 31 33 35 35 36 36 37 38 40 43 33 24 51 36

42 43 45 45 46 47 49 50 50 50 51 52 55 58 62

50 46 50 29 40

15th = 40

16th = 42 38 35 31 35 42

median = [N+1]/2 = [30+1]/2 = 31/2 = 15.5th

47 21 45 45 28

score

x15 = 40 58 62 37 55 52

x16 = 42

[40+42]/2 = 41 What is the population mean if the sum is

1224?

Question 23

40.8

What is the value of 3! (3 factorial)?

40.6

cannot determine

46.4

3

48.3

6

Question 25 Explanation:

1

n = 30

Question 23 Explanation: sum = 1224

average: 1224/30 = 40.8

3! = 3*2*1 = 6

Question 26

Question 24

If two dice are tossed together, in how many

If an amoeba can produce 4 amoebas every six

ways can they fall?

hours, how many amoebas will there be after

36 Solving for permutation for different objects

nPn =n(n-1)(n-2)...(3)(2)(1) or n! 5! = 5*4*3*2*1

12

= 120 ways

6

Question 29

24

A committee consists of three girls (Ana, Betty,

Question 26 Explanation: Connie) and five boys (Ryan, Ben, Ceasar,

Francis, Dan). A delegate to a conference is to

each die has 6 possible outcomes, so 6x6 = 36 be chosen from the committee. What is the

Question 27 chance that a boy will be selected?

straight highway such that the distance 1/8

between the first and the last pole is 2 250

meters and the distance between any two 1/7

consecutive poles are equal. How many meters

3/8

apart are any two successive poles?

Question 29 Explanation:

45 meters

Total number of delegates = 8

50 meters

Total number of boys = 5

30 meters Probability = 5/8

40 meters Question 30

f(x)?

Getting the distance between the two poles, we

must get the number of between the two The domain of f(x) are all real numbers except -3.

poles:

The domain of f(x) are all real numbers except 3.

51-1 = 50

2,250 / 50 = 45 meters The domain of f(x) are all real numbers.

In how many ways can the letters of the word Question 30 Explanation:

MERCY be arranged?

Solving for the domain, take note that division

25 by zero is undefined. From the given equation,

x-3 must not be equal to zero and must not be

100

included into the domain. Therefore the domain

50 of f(x) are all real number except x =

120

Question 28 Explanation:

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