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158/vkjksg

dfork, jgsaxh rks @ lius Hkh jgsaxs @ thus osQ fy, @ lius lHkh dks @ vk'oklu
nsrs gSa @ Hkoj esa >dksjs [kkrh uko dks @ tSls&rSls @ mckj ysrs gSa @ dfork, @
liuksa osQ lax gh @ thou osQ lkFk gSa @ dHkh&dHkh iko gSa @ dHkh&dHkh gkFk gSa
(esjk ?kj)

f=kykspu
ewy uke% oklqnso flag
tUe% lu~ 1917 fpjkuh i^h] fkyk lqYrkuiqj
(m-iz-)
izeq[k jpuk,% kjrh] xqykc vkSj cqycqy] fnxar]
rki osQ rk;s gq, fnu] 'kCn] ml tuin dk dfo
gw] vj?kku] rqEgsa lkSairk gw] pSrh] veksyk] esjk ?kj]
thus dh dyk (dkO;)_ ns'kdky] jkskukepk]
dkO; vkSj vFkZcksk] eqfDrcksk dh dfork, (x|)_
fganh osQ vusd dks'kksa osQ fuekZ.k esa egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnku
ize[q k lEeku% lkfgR; vdkneh] 'kykdk lEeku]
egkRek xkakh iqjLdkj (m-iz-)

fganh lkfgR; esa f=kykspu izxfr'khy dkO; /kjk osQ izeq[k dfo osQ :i esa izfrf"Br
gSAa jkxkRed la;e vkSj y;kRed vuq'kklu osQ dfo gksus osQ lkFk&lkFk ;s cgqHkk"kkfoK
'kkL=kh Hkh gSa] blhfy, buosQ uke osQ lkFk 'kkL=kh Hkh tqM+ x;k gSA ysfdu ;g
'kkL=kh;rk mudh dfork osQ fy, cks> ugha curhA f=kykspu thou esa fufgr ean
y; osQ dfo gSaA izcy vkosx vkSj Rojk dh vis{kk buosQ ;gk dkI+kQh oqQN fLFkj gSA
paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha f=kyks
phUgrhpu/159

budh Hkk"kk Nk;koknh :ekfu;r ls eqDr gS rFkk mldk BkV BsB xko dh
kehu ls tqM+k gqvk gSA f=kykspu fganh esa lkWusV (vaxzskh Nan) dks LFkkfir djus
okys dfo osQ :i esa Hkh tkus tkrs gSaA
f=kykspu dk dfo cksypky dh Hkk"kk dks pqVhyk vkSj ukVdh; cukdj
dforkvksa dks u;k vk;ke nsrk gSA dfork dh izLrqfr dk vankk oqQN ,slk gS fd
oLrq vkSj :i dh izLrqfr dk Hksn ugha jgrkA mudk dfo bu nksuksa osQ chp iQkd
dh xqatkb'k ugha NksM+rkA
paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh uked dfork /jrh laxzg esa ladfyr
gSA ;g iyk;u osQ yksd vuqHkoksa dks ekfeZdrk ls vfHkO;Dr djrh gSA dfork esa
^v{kjksa* osQ fy, ^dkys dkys* fo'ks"k.k dk iz;ksx fd;k x;k gS] tks ,d vksj
f'k{kk&O;oLFkk osQ varfoZjkskksa dks mtkxj djrk gS rks nwljh vksj ml nk#.k ;FkkFkZ
ls Hkh gekjk ifjp; djkrk gS tgk vkfFkZd etcwfj;ksa osQ pyrs ?kj VwVrs gSaA dkO;
ukf;dk paik vutkus gh ml 'kks"kd O;oLFkk osQ izfri{k esa [kM+h gks tkrh gS tgk
Hkfo"; dks ysdj mlosQ eu eas vutku [krjk gSA og dgrh gS ^dydks ij ctj
fxjs*A dydks ij otz fxjus dh dkeuk] thou ds [kqjnjs ;FkkFkZ ds izfr paik ds
la?k"kZ vkSj thoV dks izdV djrh gSA
160/vkjksg

paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh


paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh
eSa tc i<+us yxrk gw og vk tkrh gS
[kM+h [kM+h pqipki lquk djrh gS
mls cM+k vpjt gksrk gS%
bu dkys phUgksa ls oSQls ;s lc Loj
fudyk djrs gSa
paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh/161

paik lqUnj dh yM+dh gS


lqUnj Xokyk gS% xk;sa&HkSalsa j[krk gS
paik pkSik;ksa dks ysdj
pjokgh djus tkrh gS
paik vPNh gS
papy gS
u V [k V Hkh gS
dHkh dHkh mQke djrh gS
dHkh dHkh og dye pqjk nsrh gS
tSls rSls mls <w<+ dj tc ykrk gw
ikrk gwvc dkxk xk;c
ijs'kku fiQj gks tkrk gw
paik dgrh gS%
rqe dkxn gh xksnk djrs gks fnu Hkj
D;k ;g dke cgqr vPNk gS
;g lqudj eSa gl nsrk gw
fiQj paik pqi gks tkrh gS
ml fnu paik vkbZ] eSaus dgk fd
paik] rqe Hkh i<+ yks
gkjs xk<+s dke ljsxk
xkakh ckck dh bPNk gS&
lc tu i<+uk&fy[kuk lh[ksa
162/vkjksg

paik us ;g dgk fd
eSa rks ugha i<wxh
rqe rks dgrs Fks xkakh ckck vPNs gSa
os i<+us fy[kus dh oSQls ckr dgsaxs
eSa rks ugha i<wxh
eSaus dgk fd paik] i<+ ysuk vPNk gS
C;kg rqEgkjk gksxk] rqe xkSus tkvksxh]
oqQN fnu ckye lax lkFk jg pyk tk,xk tc dydkk
cM+h nwj gS og dydkk
oSQls mls lnslk nksxh
oSQls mlosQ i=k i<+ksxh
paik i<+ ysuk vPNk gS !
paik cksyh% rqe fdrus >wBs gks] ns[kk]
gk; jke] rqe i<+&fy[k dj brus >wBs gks
eSa rks C;kg dHkh u d:xh
vkSj dgha tks C;kg gks x;k
rks eSa vius ckye dks lx lkFk j[kwxh
dydkk eSa dHkh u tkus nwxh
dydks ij ctj fxjsA

vH;kl
dfork osQ lkFk
1- paik us ,slk D;ksa dgk fd dydkk ij ctj fxjs\
2- paik dks blij D;ksa fo'okl ugha gksrk fd xkakh ckck us i<+us&fy[kus dh ckr dgh gksxh\
paik dkys dkys vPNj ugha phUgrh/163
3- dfo us paik dh fdu fo'ks"krkvksa dk mYys[k fd;k gS\
4- vkiosQ fopkj esa paik us ,slk D;ksa dgk gksxk fd eSa rks ugha i<+wxh\
dfork osQ vkl&ikl
1- ;fn paik i<+h&fy[kh gksrh] rks dfo ls oSQls ckrsa djrh\
2- bl dfork esa iwohZ izns'kksa dh fL=k;ksa dh fdl foMacukRed fLFkfr dk o.kZu gqvk gS\
3- lans'k xzg.k djus vkSj Hkstus esa vleFkZ gksus ij ,d vui<+ yM+dh dks fdl osnuk vkSj
foifk dks Hkksxuk iM+rk gS] viuh dYiuk ls fyf[k,A
4- f=kykspu ij ,u-lh-bZ-vkj-Vh- }kjk cukbZ xbZ fI+kQYe nsf[k,A
'kCn&Nfo
phUgrh & igpkurh
phUgksa & fpuksa] v{kjksa
pkSik;ksa & pkj iSjksa okys (tkuojksa osQ fy,) ;gk xk;&HkSlksa osQ fy,
iz;qDr gqvk gS
dkxn & dkXkk
gkjs xk<+s dke ljsxk & dfBukbZ esa dke vk,xk
ckye & ifr
ctj fxjs & otz fxjs] Hkkjh foifk vk,