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## Universidad Nacional de San Agustn

FACULTAD DE INGENERA DE PRODUCCIN Y SERVICIOS
ESCUELA PROFESIONAL DE INGENIERA INDUSTRIAL

CURSO:
ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES
GRUPO:
ISCARRA AMESQUITA VIVIAN
CACERES SALAS NIKOL
CONDORI ALVAREZ ROZIO

## MENDOZA PORTILLO, YESI

SEMESTRE:III- 2017
GRUPO: A
Reduccin de orden y Ecuaciones Lineales Homogneas con coeficientes
constantes (EDLH)
Objetivos:

1) Dada una solucin hallar una segunda solucin para una EDL de orden dos

## 2) Resolver EDLH analizando la ecuacin auxiliar correspondiente a cada EDLH

2. y + 2y + y = 0 ; y1 = x
+ () + () = 0

()
2 = 1 ()
1 ()

=
( )

=

=

=

=

2. y - y = 0 ; y1 = ()
+ () + () = 0

()
2 = 1 ()
1 ()

= ()
(())

= ()
(())

= ()

= ()()
= ()
9. 2 7 + 16 = 0; 1 = 4

+ =

+ () + () = 0

()
2 = 1 ()
1 ()

=
( )

=
( )

=
( )

= ()

13. 2 + 2 = 0; 1 = ()
1 2
+ 2 = 0

+ () + () = 0

()
2 = 1 ()
1 ()

= ()
( ())

= ()
( ())

= ()
()

()
= ()

= ()cot()
= ()
19 . 3 + 2 = 5 3 ; 1 =
3 + 2 = 0

()
2 = 1 ()
1 ()

=
( )

= 2

2 = 5 3
= 5 + 2

= + +

4.3. Resolver EDLH analizando la ecuacin auxiliar correspondiente a cada
EDLH
Obtenga la solucin general de la ecuacin diferencial de segundo orden correspondiente.

7. 12y 5y 2y = 0
122 5 2 = 0
3 2
4 +1
(3 2)(4 + 1)

= 23 ; = 14

= +

## Obtenga la solucin general de la ecuacin diferencial de orden superior proporcionada.

3 2
19. + 2 = 0
3 2
3 + 2 2 = 0
1 1 0 -2
1 1 2 2
1 2 2 0

( 2 + 2 + 2)( 1)
+
2 4

2
+
2 22 4.1.2 +

= 1 1
2.1

= + ( + )
4 2

26.
4
7 2 18 = 0
4 72 18 = 0
2 9
2 +2
(2 9)(2 + 2) = 0
+ +
= 3 ; = 2

= + + +
5 4 3 2
28. 2 5 7 4 + 12 +8 =0
3 2
25 74 + 123 + 82 = 0
2 (23 72 + 12 + 8) = 0

2 -7 +12 +8
1
-1 +4 -8
2
2 -8 +16 0

1
(22 8 + 16)( + ) =0
2
+
24

2
+
+8 82 4.2.16 +

=2 2
2.2
+ 1
=2 2 ; = 0 ( ) ; =
2

= + + ( + ) +

## 36. y+ 2y - 5y` - 6y = 0 ; y(0)= y`(0)=0 , y``(0)=1

3 + 22 5 6 = 0
1 +2 -5 -6
-1 -1 -1 +6
1 1 -6 0
(2 + 6)( + 1)

+3
2
(m+3)(m-2)(m+1)=0
m=-3 ; m=2 ; m=-1

= + +
(0) = 0
(0) = 1 0 + 2 2(0) + 3 3(0)
0 = 1 + 2 + 3

` = 1 + 22 2 33 3
`(0) = 0
`(0) = 1 0 + 22 2(0) 33 3(0)
0 = 1 + 22 33
`` = 1 + 42 2 + 93 3
``(0) = 0
1 = 1 + 42 + 93
Resolviendo el sistema.
1 1 1: 0
-1 2 -3 : 0
1 4 9: 1

1 1 1: 0
0 3 -2: 0
0 3 8: 1

1 1 1: 0
2
0 1 3 : 0

0 3 8: 1
1 1 1: 0
2
0 1 3 : 0

0 0 10 : 1

1 1 1: 0
2
0 1 3 : 0

0 0 10 : 1

1 1 1: 0
2
0 1 3 : 0
1
0 0 1:
10

1 1 1: 0
1
0 1 0:
15
1
0 0 1:
10

1
1 0 0:
6
1
0 1 0:
15
1
0 0 1:
10
1 1
= + +
15 10

## Resuelva el problema con valores en la frontera dado.

39. y + y = 0 ; y(0)= 0 , y( )=0
2
2 + 1 = 0

2 = 1
+
=

= +
= 1 + 2
(0) = 1 0 + 2 0
(0) = 1 . 0 + 2 . 1
0 = 2

( ) = 1 + 2
2 2 2

( ) = 1 . 1 + 2 . 0
2

0 = 1
= . + 0.
=
40. y-2y + 2y = 0 ; y(0)= 1 , y( )=0
2 2 + 2 = 0

2 4
=
2

2(2)2 4.1.2
=
2.1

24
=
2

= 1

= ( + )

y(0)=1

y(0)= 0 (1 0 + 2 0)
1= 1(1 . 1 + 2 . 0)

1= 1
y()=1

y()= (1 + 2 )

1= (1 . 1 + 2 . 0)

- = 1

-
51. Determine la solucin general de y+6y+ 2y`-34y= 0 . Si se sabe que 1 =
4 es una solucin.
3 + 62 + 34 = 0
1 6 1 -34
2 2 16 34
1 8 17 0

(2 + 8 + 17)( 2)

2 4
=
2

882 4.1.17
=
2.1
84
=
2

= 4 ; = 2

= ( + ) +