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Prakash Rajpurohit's Blog

Blog for IAS and IIT-JEE aspirants

Mathematics part 2

A major question that comes in the mind of an aspirant is whether she should go for selective or exhaustive
preparation. I went for the exhaustive preparation, as most part of the syllabus was part of my graduation
curriculum. But if time does not permit one can leave some topics from point of view of full 60 marks question. In
this post I am giving topic wise preparation strategy.

Paper I

1. Linear Algebra Focus should on understanding the denition of various terms mentioned in the syllabus (like
vector spaces, subspaces, lineardependenceand so on). While answering questions explain all the steps.

2. Calculus Single variable calculus is not a problem for candidates. Refer to chapters (book I mentioned in the
booklist) that deal with continuity and differentiability for 2 variables. For double and triple integration also refer to
that book. The solved examples from that book are sufcient. The relevant chapters are:12,13,15,16,17,18. Theory is
not important , just understand the techniques through solved examples.

3. Analytic Geometry Refer book by PN Chaterjee(Rajhans Publications). This book contains solved examples and
all the questions are taken from this book.

4. Ordinary Differential Equations In this topic it is better to make a sheet of all the formulas and techniques.
Practice all the solved questions of the book I have mentioned.

5. Dynamics and Statics Completing the Krishna Series books(do only topics mentioned in the syllabus) will be
sufcient for attempting 60 marks question. Common Catenary, central orbits, constrained motion should be
covered in depth(that is do all the solved examples). For rest of the topics covering only few examples is sufcient.

6. Vector Analysis In this topic make the formula sheet. And practice previous year questions. Regularly practice the
derivations asked in the exam.

Paper II

1. Algebra For the people who are totally new to this topic i would suggest that read the books i have mentioned 2-3
times. Then practice all the theorems and questions yourself 2-3 times.

2. Real Analysis Cover chapters: 2- The Real Numbers(till page 24), 3-Neighbourhoods andLimit Point of a set(till
page 11), 4 Countability of Sets(rst 12 theorems and examples given at the end) 5,6,7(Regarding Sequence and
series) 8. Real Functions. Limit and Continuity, 9,10,11,12,13,15,16. For the topics underlined cover the theorems
also. For rest of the chapters solved examples are enough.

3. Complex Analysis Cover this topic from any book. Practice this topicthoroughly.

4. Linear Programming Practice is important. Improve upon the speed and accuracy for this topic.

5. Partial Differential Equations Same as Ordinary Differential Equations.

6. Numerical Analysis and Computer Programming Make the formula sheet for all the methods. Cover error
analysis for newton raphson, lagrange interpolation, numerical integration. Draw ow chart and algorithm for all the
numerical methods. Practice them regularly. For other topics i had M Morris Mano(this is digital electronics book).
One can refer to the internet if she does not nd the leftover topics in book.

7. Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics For Mechanics focus on chapters of Lagrangian(cover it from Vol-II, Rigid
Dyanamics-Krishna Series), Hamiltonian, Moment Of Inertia, DAlemberts principle. For Fluid Dynamics cover topics
mentioned in the syllabus. The book of MD Raisinghania covers syllabus from IAS exam perspective also.

My methodology was to rst cover the topic from the books. Then practice previous year questions from that topic.
I covered the topics in the order mentioned in the syllabus. However it does not matter much. After covering the
entire syllabus I practiced last 3-4 year papers in exam like conditions.

Next i will be uploading some of my sample answers.


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Yash on June 13, 2010 at 7:52 am

Hi sir,

I have one question how you check your Practice papers for general studies and electrical engg.

Please comment..!!:)

Thanks & Regards



Prakash Rajpurohit on June 14, 2010 at 7:32 am

@yash: i checked ee paper myself, i did not write gs paper.


ajay on June 13, 2010 at 12:49 pm

this is a very useful post esp since u mentioned the chapters of the books thanks alot for thisCould you
please also mentioned the chapter wise content of Modern Algebra either in bhambri or hertstein.. thanks

Prakash Rajpurohit on June 14, 2010 at 7:45 am

@ajay: bhambri chapter 2,3,4,7,8,9 and herstein chapter 2(leave sylow theorems) and 3.


piyush on August 26, 2010 at 5:17 pm

hello sir its great to see ur marks in maths. sir i am preparing for CDS exam and there is also a maths
paper in it. pls can u help me in giving some tips and tricks to solve quick in exam. as u know the
syllabus is vast can u suggest any topics who covers maximum questions
pls reply soon


ajay on June 13, 2010 at 1:07 pm

also could u please tell how many revision you did of all the topics in total..


Prakash Rajpurohit on June 14, 2010 at 7:33 am

@ajay: for maths practice is appropriate word instead of revision.


ajay on June 13, 2010 at 1:21 pm

and also did you solved all the unsolved problems given at the end of chapter or just solved the examples


Prakash Rajpurohit on June 14, 2010 at 7:34 am

@ajay: i did only solved examples. i did not get time for unsolved problems.


Gagan on June 13, 2010 at 2:02 pm

THANK YOU very much Mr. Rajpurohit.This is excellent.Great points you have made in the topic-wise

Very helpful indeedthanx..


neelam on June 13, 2010 at 4:10 pm

hello prakash
so nice of u, its really great!
please tell are krishna n shantinarayan enough for analytic geometry or need to go for chaterjee.


Prakash Rajpurohit on June 14, 2010 at 7:37 am

@neelam: many aspirants have complaints that shanti narayan book does not have enough solved
examples. i havent seen krishna series.


neelam on June 13, 2010 at 5:22 pm

how many days (approx) will it take to complete complex analysis and lin prog (seperately),if not studied


Prakash Rajpurohit on June 14, 2010 at 7:39 am

@neelam: it is a subjective matter. i may require only 2 days but some other candidate may take 2


neelam on June 13, 2010 at 5:52 pm

hello prakash
please check once the book mentioned for calculus- [Shanti Narayan Course on Mathematical Analysis (S.
Chand)] doesnot contain all topics like curve tracing, maxima minima


Prakash Rajpurohit on June 14, 2010 at 7:41 am

@neelam: this book is for multivariable calculus only. chapter of partial derivative covers maxima and
minima also. curve tracing is for single variable, refer any other book for it.


krishnakumari on June 14, 2010 at 9:39 am

hello sir,

i am an ECE graduate aspiring for civil services..

i just saw your discussions with supreet sir on his blog.Did you get that preparation strategy followed by revu
sir? if yes, could you please share it with us.. and i would like to know your own strategy too..

many thanks.


Prakash Rajpurohit on June 14, 2010 at 2:55 pm

@krishna: no i did not get any. but i will be posting my own strategy.


neelam on June 14, 2010 at 6:40 pm

hello prakash,
please do suggest us a blueprint for overall preparation of Mains-2010(like time division for both optionals
(especially mathematics) and gs, along with revision time, practice sessions )from june to september.
would be a great help!


ajay on June 15, 2010 at 5:54 pm

Hello Prakash, what should be the strategy for preparing Abstract algebra for someone who is doing it for the
rst time.. considering no coaching or previous exposure to the subject also which book is better to start
hertstein or Fraleigh thanks


Prakash Rajpurohit on June 16, 2010 at 8:23 am

@ajay: i know only about herstein and bhambri. both are good. i would suggest you to read it 2 times
rst and then practice them.


Raghuveer on June 17, 2010 at 5:03 am

Hello Sir,

First of all Hearty Congratulations to you.

It is people like you who make us strong and condent almost everyone I consulted had the stand that
Technical subjects have no good outcome in UPSC You Jammed them all Hats off to your success.
You are a big inspiration for us all.

Was just curious, is there a need of coaching for IAS Maths ?

I am a resident of Mumbai ans aim to Clear CSE 2012 There are no good coaching institutes in Mumbai
specially for mathematics !

What is your take on that ?

also for Modern Algebra I have got Krishna series book could you mention which are important topics in
Modern Algebra from Mains point of view ?


Prakash Rajpurohit on June 17, 2010 at 7:21 am

raghuveer: Need of coaching is a subjective matter. I did not take any.

For Algebra I would suggest you to follow the books I have mentioned.


Rohan on June 17, 2010 at 7:19 am

Raghuveer am too from mumbai with same optional , shall we be friend


Raghuveer on June 17, 2010 at 8:33 am

@ Prakash sir Thanks for your genuine advice

@ Rohan Sure Brother.
lets be in contact through mails
my e-mail id

do drop in a mail


ajay on June 18, 2010 at 1:59 pm

Hello Prakash, Is Direct Product and Finitely Generated abelian group in the syllabus for modern algebra. Also
could you please upload the answers for atleast pure mathematics questions you attempted in the exam.


Prakash Rajpurohit on June 19, 2010 at 7:29 am

@ajay: no, they are not in the syllabus. i will be uploading answers soon.


Sunpreet on June 18, 2010 at 4:40 pm

Hello Prakash,
Do we have to attempt all parts of a question at one place or can they be done separately also?
e.g. can it be done like Q. 1.a) rst, then Q. 5) & then Q. 1.b),1.c) etc.on different pages

Prakash Rajpurohit on June 19, 2010 at 7:32 am

@sunpreet: all parts of the same question are to be done at same place. but their ordering does not
matter. for eg, 1(b),1(c),1(a) is allowed.


neelam on June 22, 2010 at 1:38 pm

hello prakash
please tell
1-are sylows thms in syllabus?
2-from unit-5 (elds)of herstien which topics need to be covered.

3-for linear algebra what to study from herstien, especially from chapter-6 (linear transformations)?
4-where to prepare the matrices part (second portion of the syllabus) of linear algebra from?

5- D.(AB)=A.(BD)=B.(DA)
here D:del operator,
A and B are vectors,
is the statement correct?


Prakash Rajpurohit on June 23, 2010 at 6:05 am

1-no, sylows theorem are not in the syllabus
2-unit -5 is also not there.
3-it is not necessary to study linear algebra from herstein-if you want to study only relevant topics
4-refer to any book for matrices part-practice previous year papers
5-statement is not correct- correct is div(A x B) = B.(curl A) A.(curl B)


neelam on June 23, 2010 at 4:17 pm

hello prakash,
actually i was asking (5) in view of
[a b c]= A.(BC)= C.(AB)= B.(CA).
can the same be applied for [del A B]?
or is it that since del is an operator and the formula is for triple VECTOR product, so cant betted here?


Prakash Rajpurohit on June 24, 2010 at 5:15 am

@neelam: you cant do like this. you have to apply the denition of del(it is an operator not vector) to
show this.


neelam on June 23, 2010 at 4:23 pm

[A B C]= A.(BC)= C.(AB)= B.(CA).


neelam on June 24, 2010 at 2:31 am

automorphism, counting principle, another counting principle- are these needed for exam?


Prakash Rajpurohit on June 24, 2010 at 5:16 am

@neelam: automosrphism, counting principle are there.


neelam on June 25, 2010 at 12:16 pm

hello prakash,
so nice of u for the directions.


neelam on June 25, 2010 at 4:20 pm

hello prakash
please tell
1-can calculus and real analysis preparation be integrated?
which should be prepared rst then?

2-is scientic calculator allowed for numerical analysis? if not, how to prepare then?


Prakash Rajpurohit on June 26, 2010 at 6:38 am

@neelam: yes they can be integrated. calculus should be prepared rst. yes scientic calculator is
allowed in the mains exam.


ajay on June 25, 2010 at 5:31 pm

hello prakash, in the complex analysis part, are conformal mapping and convergence of power series(
including uniform convergence) in the syylabus.


Prakash Rajpurohit on June 26, 2010 at 6:38 am

@ajay: conformal mapping is not there. but convergence of power series is there.


neelam on June 26, 2010 at 12:33 pm

hello prakash,
please specify chapters of the prescribed book for differential equations and partial diff equations.


Prakash Rajpurohit on June 27, 2010 at 7:43 am

@neelam: i have old edition. somebody has asked the same question in about this blog section, kindly
go through that. else you can specify name of chapters in the book you have, i will tell which one to


Akhil Rana on June 27, 2010 at 1:09 am

many ppl suggest i.n . sneddon for PDE . whats ur opinion on that?


Prakash Rajpurohit on June 27, 2010 at 7:37 am

@akhil: i havent gone through sneddon.


neelam on June 27, 2010 at 5:39 am

hello prakash
is double integration is to be done in numerical analysis?


Prakash Rajpurohit on June 27, 2010 at 7:38 am

@neelam: no, i think it is not in the syllabus.


neelam on June 27, 2010 at 7:08 am

when asked to apply eulers method whether to go for- euler/ improved form/ modied form? (in numerical


Prakash Rajpurohit on June 27, 2010 at 7:39 am

@neelam: i would have applied simple euler form as y(i+1) = y(i) + h*f[x(i),y(i)]


neelam on June 27, 2010 at 4:59 pm

hello prakash
ve gone thru the section. but plse tell partial diff equations chapter too.

1>origin of partial diff equation..

2>liner partial diff eq of order 1
3>non-liner partial diffrential eq of order 1
4>homogeneous liner partial diff eq(PDE) with constant coeff
5>non-homogeneous liner partial diff eq(PDE) with constant coeff
6>PDE reducible to eq with constant coeff
7>PDE of ord 2 with variable coeff
8>classication of PDE.Riemann Method
9>Monges method
10>transport Eqa..

and hearty thanks to you for the directions, cos for me its like ,
m studying- struck with some doubt- come to this blog- get the answer.



Prakash Rajpurohit on June 28, 2010 at 5:56 am

@neelam: 1,2,4,6 are there. I am not sure about charpits method. Do canonical forms (might be in
chapter 7). Some topics were given in Additional topic part like cauchys method of characteristics,
canonical forms. Cover that also.


Bhaskar on June 28, 2010 at 4:09 am

Hi Prakash,
Good MorningThis blog is indirectly guiding so many people..Very good initiative.
1) Could you please start a new post for interaction of mathes,gs and Electrical engg aspirants?
2) Could you please tell us(through a new post) what are your coming posts on this blog to help the

Thanks ,


neelam on June 28, 2010 at 2:25 pm

hello prakash
where to get algorithms, owcharts of various numerical methods from?
are they given in jain n iynger?


Prakash Rajpurohit on June 29, 2010 at 7:05 am

@neelam: no, they are not given(although codes are given). i can upload them also.


neelam on June 29, 2010 at 3:40 am

hello prakash
which method to adopt for nding out torsion and curvature of a given curve-
-directly applying formulae,
-without formulae,in theoritical way?


Prakash Rajpurohit on June 29, 2010 at 7:11 am

@neelam: directly applying formula.


neelam on June 29, 2010 at 5:48 pm

hello prakash
please do upload then required algorithms and owcharts, as soon as possible.


sumit on June 30, 2010 at 8:17 pm

Hi all,
here i have created a group for the UPSC maths .those who have taken maths as one of the optional paper
..are welcome for this this group we can discuss with each other our doubts..and also we will
follow prakashs suggestions

neelam on July 1, 2010 at 3:59 am

hello prakash
what to refer for laplace transformations?


Prakash Rajpurohit on July 2, 2010 at 7:15 am

@neelam: i had some potion of s.chands book. i dont know the authors name.


Gokul on July 5, 2010 at 1:20 pm

Hi prakash
Can u post a similar strategy for physics?
thanks in advance


Prakash Rajpurohit on July 7, 2010 at 9:02 am

@gokul: how can i post, if havent studied it?


Gokul on July 7, 2010 at 5:14 pm

hi prakash
i am sorry, i thought yours were maths and physics.anyway cheers on your results.have a gr8
career ahead

neelam on July 11, 2010 at 11:40 am

hello prakash
inner automorphism, characteristic subgroups, conjugate elements, similar permutations, partition of an
integerthese are topics of chap-4(automorphisms and conjugate elements) of bhambri, please tell how
much needs to be covered?


Prakash Rajpurohit on July 12, 2010 at 3:16 pm

@neelam: only one problem was asked in 2002( to show that group of order p-square is abelian). i
covered these topics so as to be able to solve that. i did not cover partition of an integer, characteristic


neelam on July 13, 2010 at 6:20 am

hello prakash
inner product, norm of a vector, orthonormal set are they in syllabus?


Prakash Rajpurohit on July 13, 2010 at 1:47 pm

@neelam: they are not in the syllabus.


neelam on July 14, 2010 at 11:23 am

and dual spaces?


Prakash Rajpurohit on July 14, 2010 at 11:39 am

@neelam: no dual spaces also.


Nikunj on July 14, 2010 at 10:18 pm

Is Charpit method for solving non-linear equations still in the syllabus? Prior to 2008 it was explicitly
mentioned but now it has been revised.Furthermore, though Canonical form wasnt mentioned in the
unrevised syllabus yet they asked a question on it in 2008. So, what needs to be done in this case?
Also suggest some book for boundary value problems.


Prakash Rajpurohit on July 15, 2010 at 7:11 am

@nikunj: non-linear equations itself is not there in the syllabus. better to le an rti in upsc to clarify if
charpit is there or not.
canonical for are there in the syllabus(2008 was revised syllabus). there is book by md raisinghania on


neelam on July 17, 2010 at 10:52 am

hello prakash
how to nd out normal subgroups of a given group of n order, say 108, tell the sequence of logics involved. it
is asked in many qstns in one way or the other.


Prakash Rajpurohit on July 20, 2010 at 3:58 am

@neelam: it is not in the syllabus. they are to be done by sylows theorem, i guess.


nishant on July 18, 2010 at 4:47 am

sir i hv just started the preparation with math.with which topic sud i start?


Prakash Rajpurohit on July 20, 2010 at 4:08 am

@nishant: you can start with any topic which you like.


neelam on July 20, 2010 at 11:38 am

2007- prove that there doesnt exist any simple group of order 48.

my guess- if we can show any subgroup is there of order 24, we are done, since its index will be 2 hence itll
be normal. but unable to get it. is there some other way

2006- let o(G)=108. show that there exist a normal subgroup of order 27 or 9.

is it like earlier sylows thm were there in syllabus? cos i have no idea bout that.


Prakash Rajpurohit on July 22, 2010 at 8:13 am

@neelam: yes, earlier it was there in the syllabus.


neelam on July 24, 2010 at 12:17 pm

hello prakash
please upload the algorithms and owcharts from numerical analysis section as soon as possible.

doln on July 30, 2010 at 3:35 am

hello prakash
taylors thm (all forms of remainder), maclaurins innite series need to be done in Mean value thms part of
real analysis?



Prakash Rajpurohit on July 30, 2010 at 9:01 am

@doln: yes


manjunath on July 30, 2010 at 8:04 pm

hi prakash,
1. i have calculus of schuam series (speigel), would shanti narayan be still req to mop up the relevant CSE
portions effectively?
2. Dynamics by Raisinghania and Statics by lesser known golden publications ( bali ) would krishna series
be req? Actually krishna publications is tough get hold off in banglore please can you do me a favour and
let me knw the titles of the books for krishna series?
3. I have Numerical analysis by S.S.SASTRY and by Vashisht (krishna series), would Jain and Iyenger be still
to my bad luck i found this blog after i had purchased the hitherto mentioned books :(.
4.Assuming that i do get the books suggested by u, would it be ok to solve problems by multiple books for
maths? or should we really be concentrating on a single author??


Prakash Rajpurohit on July 31, 2010 at 6:18 am

@manjunath: see, i havent gone through the books which you are reading. so it is not possible to
suggest whether they are sufcient or not. you can yourself compare whether those books cover entire
syllabus and questions are asked from them or not.


Manjunath on July 31, 2010 at 4:22 pm

I totally understandthanks for your time, Prakash!


Sunpreet on August 1, 2010 at 1:50 am

Hello Prakash,
This is Q 2(a) of Math Paper-II 2009:

How many proper non-zero ideals does Z12 have? How many does Z12 + Z12 have?

I think Z12 + Z12 = Z12, so the ideals of the two are same. Is that really so easy?
Actually the Z12 + Z12 part has been alloted 10 marks in the 15 marks Q. So I have doubt.

Please suggest..



Prakash Rajpurohit on August 4, 2010 at 5:36 am

@sunpreet: yes you are correct, perhaps you need to show why Z12+Z12 = Z12.


Sunpreet on August 4, 2010 at 5:31 pm

Hello Prakash,
Sorry for troubling you again.

This is Q 1 (b) of Math paper-II 2009:

Determine the no. of homomorphism from Z(15) to Z(10).

I thought it out like this.

If f : Z15 to Z10 is homomorphism, then f(Z15) is isomorphic to Z15/(Ker f).
Now, since o(Ker f) = 1 or 3 or 5 or 15, implies o(f(Z15)) = 1 or 3 or 5 or 15.
Also f(Z15) is a subgroup of Z(10), o(f(Z15))= 1 or 2 or 5 or 10.
Therefore o(f(Z15))= 1 or 5
Now if o(f(Z15))= 1, then f is the zero homomorphism & f(Z15)=0.

If o(f(Z15)) = 5, then please suggest how to know the no. of homomorphisms? Is there any
theorem or result involved or do we have to write all the kernels of order 3, f(Z(15)) of orders 5 &
design the mappings & hence know their number.

Please clear the air.

Thanks a lot

Prakash Rajpurohit on August 5, 2010 at 4:48 am

@sunpreet: i think the isomorphism theorem is valid for onto homomorphism only.
to do this question, you need to know that by knowing f(1) you can identify f(n) = n f(1). All you
need to nd is f(1). Now o(f(1)) can be 1,2,5,10. Also o(f(1)) divides o(1) which is 15. So o(f(1)) =
1 or 5. Which means f(1) = Z OR Z+2. There are only TWO such homomorphism(verify that these
mappings are indeed homomorphism).
nitish on March 4, 2011 at 6:21 am

its Z12(+)Z12, which is direct sum .its elements are of form (a,b) where a,b is in Z12.


IASaspirant on August 1, 2010 at 6:34 am

Hello sir,

Please can you let me the topics to be covered under Boundary value and conditions of
M.D.RAISINGHANIA, u have mentioned tat in ur book list.
I couldnt really guage which topics of the syllabus of CSE it covers ?


Prakash Rajpurohit on August 4, 2010 at 5:18 am

@manjunath: look at the syllabus and questions asked.


IASaspirant on August 4, 2010 at 5:53 pm

Hi Prakash,
One more doubt Regarding Dynamics from Krishna Series, should we be covering only the portions strictly
listed in the syllabus???
1. Central Orbits ( only Central Forces to be covered or we need to cover the portion for elliptic,hyberbolic,
parabolic orbits,apses, apsidal also to be covered as they are not mentioned in the portion)
likewise for the below.
2.Planetary Motion ( only Kepler laws )
4. only Conservation of energy, Constrained motion from 4th chapter?
5. only Motion of Projectiles from 5th chapter?
and none from chapter 6,7and 8???

Thanks for your patient repliesthe above questionaire is just to clarify if we are on teh right track


Prakash Rajpurohit on August 5, 2010 at 4:51 am

@manjunath: while covering any book stick to the syllabus and also make sure that you are able to do
all previous year questions. central forces means whole chapter including apses and different orbits.
just go through exam questions to have an idea.


Sunpreet on August 5, 2010 at 4:20 pm

Hi Prakash,
Thanks a lot for your prompt replies.

Regarding the previous question, I think o(f(1))=5 implies f(1)=2 or 4 or 6 or 8, all of which have orders 5 in
Z10. So that way there would be 5 homomorphisms(including f(1)=1).

Also f(Z15) would be the homomorphic image of Z15, so f would be onto homomorphism from Z15 to f(Z15),
so isomorphism th. is valid.

Please correct me if I am wrong.

Do you know from which book these Abstract Algebra questions of Math paper-II, 2009 were asked. I could
locate only Q. 1(a) & 2(b) in Khanna, Bhambhri & none of the other Q. in either of Khanna, Bhambhri or
Herstein or Krishna Pub.

Thanks a lot for your help. Sorry for pestering you again & again.


Prakash Rajpurohit on August 9, 2010 at 3:45 am

@sunpreet: yes you are correct in both the cases. i think you can nd all of them in some form or the
other in khanna and bhambhri book.


arijit mukherji on August 11, 2010 at 6:06 am

there was a ques on integration; limits being: [0,2*pi]

integrand was 1/(a + b*cos(x) + c*sin(x)).
i tried solving using residue theorem, but didnt get correct result..
could u plz explain. solving it simply does give the right answer..
plz do reply


Prakash Rajpurohit on August 13, 2010 at 8:09 am

@arijit: residue theorem should give correct answer, please do it carefully.


arijit mukherji on August 12, 2010 at 7:23 am

hi prakash,
well i got the solution using residue theorem.
Have another doubt, for the optional ques pertaining to numerical analysis: what we need to do is numericals
+ algo + ow charts of all methods.
apart from this do we also need to go thru basic programming??

Prakash Rajpurohit on August 13, 2010 at 8:15 am

@arijit: no need of basic programming.


Nitesh on August 14, 2010 at 7:33 am

Dear friends, any idea about maths cut off for prelims for 2010? I understand its funny to ask this now, just 2-
3 days before result. but any idea?


Sunpreet on August 15, 2010 at 2:20 am

Hi Prakash,
Happy Independence Day

This is Q.3 a) of Math Paper-II 2009.

Show that Z[X] is a UFD that is not a PID. Is it possible to give example of a PID that is not UFD? (15 marks)

Should we start from the scratch for proving Z[X] is a UFD or can we directly write that since Z is UFD,
therefore Z[X] is UFD. And then cite the theorems to prove that it is PID too.



Prakash Rajpurohit on August 28, 2010 at 7:25 am

@sunpreet: i dont think there is any need of starting from scratch. you can cite the relevant theorems


arijit mukherji on August 15, 2010 at 8:52 am

prakash plz clrify:

if for linear programming problems we need to compute inverse of a matrix; then solving it manually(nding
out cofactors) is desired or can it be done directly using calculator??


Prakash Rajpurohit on August 28, 2010 at 7:26 am

@arijit: you can do it by any method unless it is asked to use a particular one.


arijit mukherji on August 15, 2010 at 8:53 am

**i meant linear algebra and linear programming


sanyam on August 15, 2010 at 10:41 pm

Prakash- Newton divided differences , Gauss eliminations ke algorithms karne hain kya?

@Sunpreet: where are u from? If from chandigarh or nearby we can study together.


Sunpreet on August 16, 2010 at 4:11 pm

@ Sanyam: I am from Yamunanagar


Prakash Rajpurohit on August 28, 2010 at 7:30 am

@sanyam: yes you need to do them.


nitish on August 16, 2010 at 2:00 pm

has anybody other than you cleared this time with maths many people have cleared with
mathematics this time


sanyam on August 19, 2010 at 8:37 am

yes i cleared with maths but scored a dismal 148 and 97.
looking for drastic improvement in paper 2.

sunpreet yaar you are quite far but we can discuss questions here i guess.


arijit mukherji on August 20, 2010 at 6:59 am

in 2008 there was a ques on complex nos..

one of the integrand was log(z-6).. when mod(z)=3 was the given contour..
integral(log(z-6)), do we solve by parts and hence nd the poles??

Prakash Rajpurohit on August 28, 2010 at 7:35 am

@arijit: you need to just check whether the given function is analytic or not.(only z=6 is a point of
singularity which does not lie in |z| = 3)


akash gupta on August 23, 2010 at 5:46 am

hi sir,
i am a B-TECH student (NIT-B ,ELECTRICAL,3rd year).i want to take mathematics as my second
optional.Altough i had compete in AIEEE but my school education was not so can you please guide
me how should i start my preparation .should i rst read NCERT for basics or i can start from reference book


Prakash Rajpurohit on August 28, 2010 at 7:45 am

@akash: see competition is maths is very tough and it is better to go with humanities subject(as most
of the successful engg candidates do)


neelam on August 26, 2010 at 12:42 pm

hello prakash please tell

1-would you be able to upload algorithms and owcharts of numerical analysis methods, i know from 30
onwards u r going to be occupied. so please tell how to get them?
2-where did u cover error analysisi part from (for methods u mentioned in numerical anlysis)?


Prakash Rajpurohit on August 28, 2010 at 7:50 am

@neelam: i have written them on paper, i have given them to someone to upload. i refer jain & iyenger
only for error parts also.


Sumit jha on August 26, 2010 at 1:01 pm

I am following Integratal Equation & Boundary Value Problems by M.D.raisinghania.for the boundry value
problemBut i couldnt able to nd the relevent chapters in this book..could u plz tell me chapter names/nos
that we need to read for the UPSC syllabus.


Sumit jha on August 26, 2010 at 1:08 pm

I did my b tech in electrical eng. from IIT Kgpand luckly i passed UPSC prelims for this yearbut my problem
is i dont have any preparation for the mainsI am still in the process of deciding optional papers.One of the
optional paper i have decided as Maths ( this is decided) and 2nd is still deciding..actually i have only 2
months and i was planing for Public Admin/Pali as the 2nd optinal paperbut everyone saying in 2 months
time frame u wont b able to do much in these i dont have any option except choosing EE as 2nd
optinal My b tech i have completd arnd 40% of syllabusbut i have to revise all the topics againdo u
suggest i should go for Electrical Engineering for this next attempt i will choose some other paper
based on my performence in Electrical.
I asked this question here because i asked same thing earlier in other blog but u didnt reply till now.


neelam on August 28, 2010 at 7:57 am

hello prakash
thank u so much for the valuable guidance, ur blog is really a great help for those having mathematics n ee
as optional, the way u guided us all thru this is commendable.
hope ull be able to answer our queries further too, whenver get time.



neelam on August 28, 2010 at 8:00 am

does it make a differnce to cover error analysis from jain n iynger or krishna series?


arijit mukherji on August 28, 2010 at 8:35 am

hi prakash hope u r doing well ive two urgent doubts:

1. log(z-6) has singularities in the interval (0,6); so [0,3] lies within the mod(z)=3.. so clarify..
2. the solved algorithm that uve put up, have doubt regarding that:
error u took as abs(x-x1); whereas i feel there have be two cases i.e.
error must be abs(x-x0) and abs(x-x1) depending upon whether x0 is replaced or x1 by x..
it shouldnt be abs(x-x1) in all cases, error is abs(new-old)
plz clarify as soon as stuck up..thanks a lot..


arijit mukherji on August 28, 2010 at 9:04 am

also if say algo for newton-raphson method is asked do we have to elaborate convergence properties??


Prakash Rajpurohit on September 15, 2010 at 1:00 pm

@arijit: no we need not elaborate on things not specically asked


angela anna on August 30, 2010 at 4:23 pm

Hello Sir,

one of my optional is mathematics; could you tell me the maximum time in which one can nish the whole
syllabus for mains, i am an average student;just to ensure i dont waste a lot of time. Can you please tell the
marks weightage of each topic in paper 1 and paper 2.

Thank you,


Prakash Rajpurohit on September 15, 2010 at 1:11 pm

@angela: how can i comment on your preparation time? you can look at the previous year papers to
calculate the weightage.


arijit mukherji on September 17, 2010 at 6:56 am

in 2008 there was a ques on complex nos..

one of the integrand was log(z-6).. when mod(z)=3 was the given contour..
integral(log(z-6)), do we solve by parts and hence nd the poles??
log(z-6) has singularities in the interval (0,6); and [0,3] lies within the mod(z)=3.. cud u pls clarify..


nitish on September 17, 2010 at 10:59 am

the krishna series book on STATICS doesnot cover friction ,work and potential energy.where to cover these
topics from?


arijit mukherji on September 21, 2010 at 12:09 pm

last yr maths mains 2009..

1) ques on temperature as fn of x,y,z paper1 i solved using partial differentiation any other mthd??
2) ques on iteration Q5 where alpha, beta are given as roots wat do we assume x0 as?? i assumed as


Prakash Rajpurohit on October 24, 2010 at 4:29 am

1) this question is to be done using lagarange method of multipliers(i hope you are referring to that)
2)is any assumption required?

neelam on October 8, 2010 at 3:53 am

hello prakash, howz the training going on

please tell, is revised simplex method (chapter-5, krishna series) there in complex analysis.



neelam on October 8, 2010 at 4:10 am

please tell chapters to be covered in linear programming among-

1-mathematical preliminaries
2-convex set n their properties
3-simplex method
4-resolution of degeneracy
5-revised simplex method
6-sesitivity analysis
7-parametric lin prog
8-integer prog


AVINASH KUMAR on October 27, 2010 at 9:11 am

Dear Sir,
Can u plz specify the chapters of the A.R. VASISHTHAS book of complex analysis which are to be done.


neelam on November 10, 2010 at 5:10 pm

hello prakash
please tell, do we need to cover theorems in complex analysis.



nitish on January 16, 2011 at 2:52 pm

is there any other book for uid dynamics.the book by raisinghania has not properly explained some chapters
like equations of motion for inviscid uid,images part in sources and sinks.

also do we have to read vortex motion,navier-stokes eqn in detail,because no questions have been asked
from these parts.


Raghuveer on May 22, 2011 at 12:53 pm

Hello Sir,

Where can one nd solutions to the mains question papers for prev years ?

I have doubts whether what im solving is correct or not.

Like :
In Mains 2008 a qn from real analysis

T = {1/n,n belongs to N}U{1+3/2n,n belongs to N}U{6-1/3n,n belongs to N}

Find derived set T of T.

Find Supremum of T
Find Greatest number of T

My soln
Derived set : {0,1,6}
Supremum : 6
Greatest number : Does not exist.

Please let me know whether i am correct.

@others : do chip in your comments also


ritu on February 3, 2013 at 3:17 pm

hello sir.
i need ur advise.i am preparing for cse and i want to opt maths as one of my optionals but sir
everybody says mathematics is not a good choice for cse.i am in a big confusion.what should i do? material
and guidance in maths are not easily available and solution of previous
year questions papers are not available.
sir plz guide me and tell where can i get solutions to the main question papers.
plz plz reply.


abhig123 on May 19, 2013 at 10:52 pm


Just saw your blog. I am giving CSE 2014. So was thinking of taking Mathematics as my optional subject. I
am studying Electrical Engineering from IIT Delhi, therefore there are many topics in the syllabus which i am
familiar with. I wanted to ask you whether questions in CSE are as difcult as they are in JEE or more than
that. Basically i want to know about the level of paper; how indepth my preparation should be?


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