Anda di halaman 1dari 25



General Studies Manual


for
UPSC and State Public Services
Examinations
2014

Indian Polity & Constitution


Module-14: Relations between Union and States


www.gktoday.in

First Published in 2010


Last Updated: November 2013

2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved


0Q RCTV QH VJKU RWDNKECVKQP OC[ DG TGRTQFWEGF QT EQRKGF KP CP[ OCVGTKCN HQTO
KPENWFKPI RJQVQ EQR[KPI QT
UVQTKPI KV KP CP[ OGFKWO KP HQTO QH ITCRJKEU GNGEVTQPKE QT OGEJCPKECN OGCPU CPF YJGVJGT QT PQV VTCPUKGPV QT
KPEKFGPVCN VQ UQOG QVJGT WUG QH VJKU RWDNKECVKQP YKVJQWV YTKVVGP RGTOKUUKQP QH VJG EQR[TKIJV QYPGT

Disclaimer
9JKNG CNN ECTG JCU DGGP VCMGP KP VJG RTGRCTCVKQP QH VJKU OCVGTKCN PQ TGURQPUKDKNKV[ KU CEEGRVGF D[ VJG CWVJQT HQT CP[
GTTQTU QOKUUKQPU QT KPCEEWTCEKGU
Member Name: sunil6JG
kumarOCVGTKCN RTQXKFGF
Member's Email KP VJKU TGUQWTEG JCU DGGP
address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com RTGRCTGF VQ RTQXKFG IGPGTCN
120.56.225.142

KPHQTOCVKQP QPN[ +V KU PQV KPVGPFGF VQ DG TGNKGF WRQP QT DG C UWDUVKVWVG HQT NGICN QT QVJGT RTQHGUUKQPCN CFXKEG 0Q
TGURQPUKDKNKV[ ECP DG CEEGRVGF D[ VJG CWVJQT HQT CP[ MPQYP QT WPMPQYP EQPUGSWGPEGU VJCV OC[ TGUWNV HTQO TGNKCPEG QP
CP[ KPHQTOCVKQP RTQXKFGF KP VJKU RWDNKECVKQP
  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States

Chapter 1. Relations between Union and States


I - 




-
The 7th Schedule
th  
  
 
   

A
 

              

 
Union List
 
  
         
         
           
 

State List



Concurrent List
-
Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com 120.56.225.142



Important Observations: 7th Schedule


2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


2|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States

 

                  
Power 
a  .            
               
State

              
 

             
           
areas 
            
             


 
   
         
          

 

 

            
 
 


          

              



Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com 120.56.225.142


 
  -
 

2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


3|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States

          
 
              
Vice-President;
 
              
               
               
e 
 

 
 
 
Subject 
  
 
Select Topics from State List
 
important)
.QECN )QXGTPOGPVU KG 2CPEJC[CVU CPF /WPKEKRCNKVKGU
2WDNKE JGCNVJ CPF UCPKVCVKQP JQURKVCNU CPF FKURGPUCTKGU
5CNG QH CNEQJQN
$WTKCN ITQWPFU CPF ETGOCVKQP ITQWPFU
.KDTCTKGU CPF /WUGWOU HWPFGF D[ 5VCVG
/QPWOGPVU QH JKUVQTKECN KORQTVCPEG QVJGT VJCP VJQUG YKVJ PCVKQPCN KORQTVCPEG UVCVWU
RQCFU DTKFIGU HGTTKGU QVJGT OQFGU QH EQOOWPKECVKQP VJCP VJQUG GPWOGTCVGF KP 7PKQP QT %QPEWTTGPV .KUV
#ITKEWNVWTG 8GVGTKPCT[ #PKOCN *WUDCPFT[ 2QWPFU %CVVNG 6TGURCUU
9CVGT CPF +TTKICVKQP %CPCNU GVE KPUKFG VJG UVCVG 2NGCUG PQVG VJCV TGIWNCVKQP CPF FGXGNQROGPV QH KPVGT-5VCVG
TKXGTU CPF TKXGT XCNNG[U ECP DG FQPG D[ 7PKQP XKC CP CEV QH RCTNKCOGPV
.CPF  .CPF 4GPV .CPF 4GXGPWG CPF .CPF &GXGNQROGPV KU CNUQ C UVCVG UWDLGEV
(KUJGTKGU KP VGTTKVQTKCN YCVGTU
/KPGU CPF OKPGTCNU GZEGRV VJQUG QH 7PKQP
TrCFG CPF %QOOGTEG YKVJKP UVCVG
)CU CPF )CU YQTMUMember Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com 120.56.225.142

/CTMGVU CPF (CKTU


Moneylenders
%QQRGTCVKXG UQEKGVKGU
Theatres

2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


4|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States

2QYGTU RTKXKNGIGU CPF KOOWPKVKGU QH VJG .GIKUNCVKXG #UUGODN[


5CNCTKGU QH UVCVG OKPKUVGTU
5VCVG RWDNKE UGTXKEGU 5VCVG 2WDNKE 5GTXKEG %QOOKUUKQP 5VCVG 2GPUKQP
&GDV QH UVCVG VTGCUWTG 6TQXG
6CZ QP CITKEWNVWTG +PEQOG
6CZGU QP CFXGTVKUGOGPVU QVJGT VJCP CFXGTVKUGOGPVU RWDNKUJGF KP VJG PGYURCRGTU CPF QP DTQCFECUVKPI OGFKC

Select subjects in Concurrent List




%TKOKPCN 2TQEGFWTG GZEGRV YJGTG PCXCN OKNKVCT[ QT CKT HQTEGU CTG KPENWFGF
2TGXGPVKXG FGVGPVKQP KP UGEWTKV[ QH UVCVG
/CTTKCIG CPF &KXQTEG
6TCPUHGT QH RTQRGTV[ QVJGT VJCP CITKEWNVWTCN NCPF
4GIKUVTCVKQP QH FGGFU CPF EQPVTCEVU UWEJ CU RCTVPGTUJKR
$CPMTWRVE[ CPF UQNXGPE[
6TWUV CPF 6TWUVGGU
%QPUVKVWVKQP CPF QTICPKUCVKQP QH CNN EQWTVU GZEGRV5WRTGOG %QWTV CPF *KIJ %QWTV
%KXKN 2TQEGFWTG
(QTGUVU 9KNF #PKOCNU
&TWIU GZEGRV 1RKWO
2QRWNCVKQP EQPVTQN CPF HCOKN[ RNCPPKPI
5QEKCN 5GEWTKV[
Statistics
'FWECVKQP GZEGRV %GPVTCN WPKXGTUKVKGU 
8QECVKQPCN 'FWECVKQP CPF 6TCKPKPI
'NGEVTKEKV[
2TKEG %QPVTQN
#TEJCGQNQIKECN UKVGU QVJGT VJCP QH PCVKQPCN KORQTVCPEG
5VCOR &WV[
How part XI is more tilted towards parliament in law making powers?


extra-
operation.
   
Member  Email
Name: sunil kumar Member's 
address:   120.56.225.142
tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com      
           List.       
                  



2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


5|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States



               
                   


How Parliament of India can make laws on State List matters?
d 

            rd  
              


 



                
 

What happens when Emergency is in operation?

 


If both state and parliament make law on a subject, which shall prevail?
                 



inconsistency.
Can states ask the parliament to make laws on State List Subjects?

Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com 120.56.225.142


1. 
2. 

2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


6|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States



                 



                 
              

 





Can Parliament make a law for giving effect to international treaty?

 
Which law shall prevail if there is any inconsistency in laws made by parliament and state?
A

of

Chapter 2. Administrative Relations Between States and Union
               
 
               
field

How Parliament is superior in Administrative Powers?

               
.
Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com 120.56.225.142

2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


7|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States

What if a state does not complies with the laws of the parliament?
              
               





          
              



 
                 
government.
- 
         
      
co
   

              

Can Government of India perform legislative and judicial functions in foreign territories?
   
        


              
               
           

              
 
What are constitutional provisions in context with Riparian States?
            
               
Inter-
Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com 120.56.225.142

 


rive

2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


8|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States


            

Interstate Council
What is Interstate Council?


 






What are functions of Interstate Council?





Chapter 3. FINANCE, PROPERTY, CONTRACTS AND SUITS
  

What is the role of Constitution in Financial relations of States and Union?


             

 
            
contribution-S

             


o 
Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com 120.56.225.142

o 

2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


9|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States

What are sources of Revenue for Union Government?




+PEQOG VCZ QVJGT VJCP CITKEWNVWTCN KPEQOG
%QTRQTCVKQP 6CZ
5GTXKEG 6CZ
%WTTGPE[ %QKPCIG NGICN VGPFGT (QTGKIP 'ZEJCPIG
&WVKGU CPF %WUVQOU 'ZEGRV VJG 'ZRQTV &WVKGU
&WVKGU QH GZEKUG QP VQDCEEQ CPF EGTVCKP IQQFU OCPWHCEVWTGF CPF RTQFWEGF KP +PFKC
'UVCVG &WV[ KP TGURGEV VQ RTQRGTV[ QVJGT VJCP CITKEWNVWTCN NCPF
(GGU KP TGURGEV QH CP[ QH VJG OCVVGTU KP VJG 7PKQP .KUV DWV PQV KPENWFKPI CP[ HGGU VCMGP KP CP[ EQWTV
(QTGKIP .QCPU
.QVVGTKGU QTICPK\GF D[ VJG )QXGTPOGPV QH +PFKC CU YGNN CU )QXGTPOGPVU QH 5VCVGU
2QUV 1HHKEG 5CXKPIU DCPM
2QUVU 6GNGITCRJU 6GNGRJQPGU 9KTGNGUU $TQCFECUVKPI QVJGT HQTOU QH EQOOWPKECVKQP
2TQRGTV[ QH VJG 7PKQP
2WDNKE &GDV QH VJG 7PKQP
Railways
4CVGU QH UVCOR FWV[ KP TGURGEV QH VJG $KNNU QH 'ZEJCPIG %JGSWGU 2TQOKUUQT[PQVGU GVE
4GUGTXG $CPM QH +PFKC
6CZGU QP %CRKVCN XCNWG QH VJG CUUGVU GZENWUKXG QH VJG CITKEWNVWTCN NCPF QH KPFKXKFWCNU CPF DWUKPGUUGU
6CZGU QVJGT VJCP UVCOR FWVKGU QP VTCPUCEVKQPU KP UVQEM GZEJCPIGU CPF HWVWTG OCTMGVU
6CZGU QP VJG UCNG CPF RWTEJCUG QH PGYURCRGTU CPF CFXGTVKUGOGPVU RWDNKUJGF VJGTGKP
6GTOKPCN 6CZGU QP )QQFU CPF RCUUGPIGTU ECTTKGF D[ 4CKNYC[U CPF UGC QT CKT
What are sources of revenue for State Governments?


%CRKVCVKQP 6CZGU
&WVKGU KP TGURGEV VQ UWEEGUUKQP VQ VJG CITKEWNVWTCN NCPF
&WVKGU QH GZEKUG QP EGTVCKP IQQFU RTQFWEGF QT OCPWHCEVWTGF KP VJG 5VCVGU UWEJ CU CNEQJQNKE NKSWQTU
1RKWO GVE
'UVCVG &WV[ KP TGURGEV VQ VJG CITKEWNVWTCN NCPF
(GGU KP TGURGEV QH CP[ QH VJG OCVVGTU KP VJG 5VCVG .KUV DWV 016 KPENWFGF VJG HGGU VCMGP KP CP[ %QWTV
.CPF 4GXGPWG
4CVGU QH 5VCOR FWVKGU KP TGURGEV QH FQEWOGPVU QVJGT VJCP VJQUG URGEKHKGF KP VJG 7PKQP .KUV
6CZGU QP CITKEWNVWTCN KPEQOG
6CZGU QP .CPFU CPF $WKNFKPIU
Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com 120.56.225.142

6CZGU QP OKPGTCN TKIJVU UWDLGEV VQ NKOKVCVKQPU KORQUGF D[ VJG RCTNKCOGPV TGNCVGF VQ OKPGTCN
development
6CZGU QP VJG EQPUWORVKQP QT UCNG QH GNGEVTKEKV[
6CZGU QP VJG GPVT[ QH VJG IQQFU KPVQ NQECN CTGC HQT EQPUWORVKQP CPF WUG KH UCNG VJGTGKP

2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


10|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States

6CZGU QP UCNG CPF RWTEJCUG QH VJG IQQFU QVJGT VJCP PGYURCRGTU


6CZGU QP CFXGTVKUGOGPVU QVJGT VJCP VJQUG RWDNKUJGF KP PGYURCRGTU
6CZGU QP IQQFU CPF RCUUGPIGTU ECTTKGF D[ TQCF QT QP KPNCPF YCVGTYC[U
6CZGU QP XGJKENGU
6CZGU QP CPKOCNU CPF DQCVU
6CZGU QP RTQHGUUKQPU VTCFGU ECNNKPIU GORNQ[OGPVU
6CZGU QP NWZWTKGU KPENWFKPI VJG VCZGU QP GPVGTVCKPOGPVU COWUGOGPVU DGVVKPI CPF ICODNKPI
6QNN 6CZGU
Can a tax be levied in India without passing any legislation?

               




Legislature.
What makes Consolidated Fund of India?
    
         
      
      

   -       
 




              
           

  
A
 
A


A

What makes the Consolidated Fund of States?
Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com
120.56.225.142




advances

2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


11|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States




 

 
What is Contingency Fund of India?
  
 
 
           
 




             

            

  

  
Affairs.
               
crore.
What is Contingency Fund of States?
 
 


           

What is Public Account of India?

  
               


Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com 120.56.225.142



2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


12|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States

            
              

How duties are collected and appropriated in India?
 



 
them)
What are the duties levied by the Union but collected and appropriated by the states?
               

 

 

Which taxes are leviable and Collected by the Union and Assigned to the States?



  



               

Which Taxes are levied and collected by the Union but which may be distributed between the
Union and the States?
                 

 


 
      taxes         
   
Member 
Name: 
sunil kumar Member's Email address:   
tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com      
120.56.225.142

 
Who imposes surcharges?



2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


13|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States

 

  
What special provisions were made by Constitution for Jute Producing states?
   
   
  -in-


                
                 

 

  ticle.
Why some bills related to taxation need prior recommendation of President?

             
  



What are grants in aid?

               


 
 
               

necessity
 
Do all states get grants in aid? 120.56.225.142
Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com

                  
-in-

2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


14|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States


-
in-               


Can state impose tax on a persons profession?



 
 
   Article             
           
 


Who certifies the net proceeds?

 -

 
Finance Commission
What is Finance Commission?
             
fromanywhere.
o             
thyear 
 
o  

o              


o            

 
Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com 120.56.225.142

 

    -in-         
  

2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


15|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States

Is parliament directly concerned with the assignment and distribution of Income tax?
 


Is Finance Commission Relevant?
 
              

Who places the report of Finance Commission in Parliament?
            
C
 
In whose custody remain the consolidated funds?
    

 State 




 
If any property of union lies in a state, can the state impose tax upon it?



Who can impose taxes on Interstate Sales and Purchases?


 
                    
 



Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com 120.56.225.142

1. 
2.  

2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


16|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States




 



Can states impose tax on electricity consumed by Railways when they operate therein?
               


 
 





                  
    -   -     

Did constitution of India continue the pensions and salaries of those who worked under
Crown in the British Era?
              

              
                
   
  
 

  
What special Provisions have been made in Constitution of India for Travancore Devaswom
Fund?
                 
                
              
 
Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com 120.56.225.142
                 

 
                 

2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


17|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States

 
  
                
Travancore-Cochin.
Can governments pledge the Consolidated Funds to borrow money?
                
  .
               

 
All executive contracts of union /states are made in the name of President / Governor. Can
they be held personally liable for such contracts?






In what name one can sue the Government of India?

  

 
 
 
 
 
What is the right to property?


 -right.
Chapter 4. TRADE, COMMERCE AND INTERCOURSE WITHIN INDIA
         

 


  
Member Name: sunil 
kumar Member's Email   120.56.225.142
address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com   -  
-
               
 

2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


18|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States

What is the freedom to travel, trade and do business in Indian territory?


               

 

 


Can Government discriminate if some parts of the country are facing problems of scarcity?
             

non-discriminat             





Chapter 5. Reforms in Centre-State relations


       
       
parties. J
 
               
- 
tc. 

o H
o 
    .    
 
            

What was the Rajamannar Committee?
Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com
120.56.225.142

 -          
  




2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


19|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States

o         -   

         
   
 -
o 
              
     -       

o                

state.
o 


What was Sarkaria commission?
              

 



o            
 -          

o 

             

o Th


o              
           

o  
Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com 120.56.225.142



o C             
             

2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


20|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States

 
             


o    -govern        
            

o               
           
              

o 
            



o 
o -

o 

o   
-
o 
t
o 

o       -         
- 
o -

o             

Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com 120.56.225.142

o             


2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


21|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States

o 
                


-
        
    



U F     
        

o -
tre-
    -           
decisions-   
-
             

-
 -          
        -   
- 

o    

o                

o 

o Regardin                 


--
     
Member kumar
Name: sunil 
Member's 
Email address:   
tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com     
120.56.225.142

                


2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


22|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States

What was MM Punchhi Commission?


--
 thre

                 

o              
            
conflict.
o -
o 
      -    
y.
o 

o --
           
bodies.
o 

o -

o 

-

           
             

set- -
                

o -
o 
Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com 120.56.225.142


o 

o 

2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


23|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States

o 
o -
o 

o              


             

 

             

o        
     
ernment
o         
    

o            

             
 -

o -




-
          
 
            


           

Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com 120.56.225.142

            
               



2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


24|P a g e 

  General Studies Manual for UPSC and State
Indian Polity--14:: Relations between Union and States





           
 
-


Member Name: sunil kumar Member's Email address: tripathisunilkumar21@gmail.com 120.56.225.142

2010-2013 Suresh Soni | All Rights Reserved | Email: suresh@gktoday.in


25|P a g e