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17/07/2015 TCSPlacementpaper(ConductedatJNTUKon13.9.

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1.Iff(x)=(1 + x + x 2 + x3 + . . . . . . . x2012) 2 x2012
g(x)=1 + x + x 2 + x3 + . . . . . . . x2011
Author:
Thenwhatistheremainderwhenf(x)isdividedbyg(x) Follow 1k

Letusmultiplyg(x)withxonthebothsides
x.g(x)=x + x 2 + x3 + . . . . . . . x2012
add1onbothsides
x.g(x)+1=1 + x + x 2 + x3 + . . . . . . . x2012
Substitutethisvalueinf(x)
thenf(x)=(x. g(x) + 1) 2 x2012
f(x)=x2. g(x) 2 + 2.g(x) + 1 x2012
Nowf(x)isdivisiblebyg(x)firsttwotermsareexactlydivisiblebyg(x)andweget1x2012
But1x2012=(1x)(1 + x + x 2 + x3 + . . . . . . . x2011 )
ifthisexpressionisdivisiblebyg(x)weget0asremainder.

2.Anumberhasexactly3primefactors,125factorsofthisnumberareperfectsquaresand27factorsofthis
numberareperfectcubes.overallhowmanyfactorsdoesthenumberhave?
WeknowthatthetotalfactorsofanumberN=a p. b q. cr....

NowthetotalfactorswhichareperfectsquaresofanumberN= ([ ] ) ([ ] ) ([ ] )
p
2
+1 .
q
2
+1 .
r
2
+1 ....

where[x]isgreatestintezerlessthanthatofx.

([ ] ) ([ ] ) ([ ] )
Given
p
2
+1 .
q
2
+1 .
r
2
+ 1 . . . . =125

[] [] []
So
p
2
+ 1=5
q
2
+ 1=5
p
2
+ 1=5

[] p
2
=4 p=8or9,similarlyq=8or9,r=8or9

Giventhat27factorsofthisnumberareperfectcubes

so ([ ] ) ([ ] ) ([ ] )
p
3
+1 .
q
3
+1 .
r
3
+ 1 . . . . =27

So []
p
3 []
+ 1=3 =
p
3
=2

p=6,7,8
Bycombiningweknowthatp=q=r=8
Sothegivennumbershouldbeintheformat=a 8. b 8. c8....
Numberoffactorsofthisnumber=(8+1).(8+1).(8+1)=729

3.Inaclassthereare60%ofgirlsofwhich25%poor.Whatistheprobabilitythatapoorgirlisselectedisleader?
Assumetotalstudentsintheclass=100
ThenGirls=60%(100)=60
Poorgirls=25%(60)=15
Soprobabilitythatapoorgirlsisselectedleader=Poorgirls/Totalstudents=15/100=15%

4.AandBarerunningaroundacirculartrackoflength120meterswithspeeds12m/sand6m/sinthesame
direction.Whenwilltheymeetforthefirsttime?
AmeetsBwhenAcoversoneroundmorethanB.
A'srelativespeed=(126)m/s.Sohetakes120/6secondstogainoneextraround.
Soafter20secondsAmeetsB.

5.Acompletesaworkin20daysBin60daysCin45days.Allthreepersonsworkingtogetheronaprojectgota
profitofRs.26000whatistheprofitofB?

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Weknowthatprofitsmustbesharedastheratiooftheirefficiencies.Butefficienciesareinverselyproportionalto
thedays.SoefficienciesofA:B:C=1/20:1/60:1/45=9:3:4
SoBshareinthetotalprofit=3/13X26000=Rs.6000

6.Acompletesapieceofworkin3/4ofthetimeinBdoes,Btakes4/5ofthetimeinCdoes.Theygotaprofitof
Rs.40000howmuchBgets?
AssumeCtakes20Days.NowBtakes4/5(20)=16days.Atakes3/4(16)=12
Nowtheirefficienciesratio=1/20:1/16:1/12=12:15:20
B'sshareintheprofitofRs.40000=15/47(40000)=Rs.12765

7.AnemptytankbefilledwithaninletpipeAin42minutes.After12minutesanoutletpipeBisopenedwhich
canemptythetankin30minutes.After6minutesanotherinletpipeCopenedintothesametank,whichcanfill
thetankin35minutesandthetankisfilled.Findthetimetakentofillthetank?
Assumetotaltankcapacity=210Liters
NowcapacityofpipeA=210/42=5Liters
CapacityofB=210/30=7Liters
CapacityofC=210/35=6min
Assumetankgetsfilledinxminafterthethirdpipegotopened.
Sox 5 + 6 ( 2) + 4x = 210
48 + 4x = 210 4x = 162 x = 40.5
Totaltimetakentofillthetank=40.5+12+6=51.5

8.Mother,daughterandaninfantcombinedageis74,andmother'sageis46morethandaughterandinfant.If
infantageis0.4timesofdaughterage,thenfinddaughtersage.
AssumeM+D+I=74.................(1)
AlsogivenMDI=46 M=D+I+46
AlsoI=0.4D I=2/5D
2 2
SubstitutingMandIvaluesinthefirstequationwegetD D46+D+ D=74
5 5
SolvingD=10

9.AGrocerbought24kgcoffeebeansatpriceXperkg.Afterawhileonethirdofstockgotspoiledsohesoldthe
restfor$200perkgandmadeatotalprofitoftwicethecost.WhatmustbethepriceofX?
TotalCostprice=24 X
As1/3rdofthebeansspoiled,remainingbeansare2/3(24)=16kgs
Sellingprice=200 16=3200
Profit=SellingpriceCostprice=320024 X
GivenProfit=2 Costprice
320024 X=2 (24 X)
SolvingX=44.44

10.Bhanuspends30%ofhisincomeonpetrolonscooter20%oftheremainingonhouserentandthebalanceon
food.IfhespendsRs.300onpetrolthenwhatistheexpenditureonhouserent?
Given30%(Income)=300 Income=1000
AfterhavingspentRs.300onpetrol,heleftwithRs.700.
Hisspendingonhouserent=20%(700)=Rs.140

11.Letexp(m,n)=mtothepowern.Ifexp(10,m)=nexp(2,2)wheretoandnareintegersthenn=
Given10 m = n.2 2
2 m 5 m = n.2 2 2 m 2 5 m = n
Form=2wegetleastvalueofn=25,andform>2wegetinfinitevaluesarepossibleforn.

12.Howmanykgs.ofwheatcostingRs.5perkgmustbemixedwith45kgofricecostingRs.6.40perkgsothat
20%gainmaybeobtainedbysellingthemixtureatRs.7.20perkg?
IfthesellingpriceofthemixtureisRs.7.2whensoldat20%profitthen
120
CP =7.2 CP=Rs.6
100
K 5 + 45 6.4
Nowbyapplyingweightedaverageformula= =6
K + 45
K=18kgs

13.ThediagonalofasquareistwicethesideofequilateraltrianglethentheratioofAreaoftheTriangletothe
AreaofSquareis?

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17/07/2015 TCSPlacementpaper(ConductedatJNTUKon13.9.12)
Letthesideofequilateraltriangle=1unit.
3
Weknowthatareaofanequilateraltriangle= a2
4
3
Asside=1unitareaoftheequilateraltriangle=
4
NowDiagonalofthesquare=2(sideoftheequilateraltriangle)=2
1
Weknowthatareaofthesquare= D2whereD=diagonal
2
1
Soareaofthesquare= (2 2) = 2
2
3
Ratiooftheareasofequilateraltriangleandsquare= :2 3: 8
4

14.Rajtossed3dicesandthereresultsarenoteddownthenwhatistheprobabilitythatrajgets10?
Alwaysrememberwhen3dicearerolledthenumberofwaysofgettingn(wherenisthesumoffacesondice)
=(n 1)C 2wheren=3to8
=25wheren=9,12
=27wheren=10,11
=(20 n)C 2wheren=13to18
27 27
Therequiredprobability= 3 =
6 216

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