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I- Diamond


(Pterocarpus indicus) SAWDUST
Background of the Study
Narra is one of the several trees of Genus Pterocarpus and the national tree of the
Philippines. Narra is the best wood usually used for furniture, walls flooring, stairs,
cabinetwork, tools handles and billiards tables. It is usually red in color, rose-red or often
variegated with yellow, and it is hard and heavy. Today, there are many coloring
materials such as crayons, paints and dyes. Dyes is use to color other materials like
natural fibers such as cottons, wools, silk and usually in school for synthetic dyes. Dyes
are also use to color inks and paints. There are two kinds of dye, natural and synthetic
dyes. Synthetic dyes are those mixed with chemicals.
Nowadays, there are many commercial dyes that are available and bought in the market
but some are not environmental-friendly. Therefore producing this kind of dye would
help lessen sawdust disposal. Throwing sawdust anywhere is not good, for the powder
can cause death to animals and plants wither. However, you can make money out of
narra’s sawdust for it is effective as dye and can help decrease the amount of dye that are
being imported in the Philippines.
Objective of the Study
Generally, the study aimed to find out if narra’s sawdust is an effective dye.
Specifically, the study aimed to:
1. Find out if narra’s sawdust can be a dye for cloth.
Determine the best treatment for the dye.

Significance of the Study

Narra is widely grown in the Philippines. It has a substance that can produce color.
Sawdust is thrown everywhere, so the study will help lessen sawdust disposal. The
prepared dye could be a substitute to some of the commercial dye that has different
chemicals which is hazardous to our health and the environment.

Plastic bag of narra’s sawdust
Tap water
Handkerchiefs (3)
Casseroles (3)
Ilang-Ilang extract
Spoon or Scoop
Clean cloth
Gas mask
1.Gathering of Materials
Narra’s sawdust was taken from any furniture shop in the community. Basic laboratory
equipments was obtained from the school laboratory; other materials was obtained from
the house of the researcher such as kitchen tools.
2. Preparation of Materials
All the needed materials were prepared Sawdust was scooped and was put in a clean dry
basin. Ilang-Ilang flowers were cooked with three cups of water were put on fire until it
boiled. The other materials were set aside.

3.Extraction of Dye
Basin was prepared place with 500 grams of sawdust and 3.3 liters of water were mixed
together. The mixture was filtered and the filtrate was set aside. 120 mL of Ilang-Ilang
extract was poured in the product and was put on fire until the water evaporates. Same
procedure was applied on the next treatments.
Treatment 1: 500 grams of sawdust, 120 ml of Ilang-Ilang extract and 3.2 liters of water
Treatment 2: 1kg. of sawdust, 120 ml of Ilang-Ilang extract and 3.2 liters of water
Treatment 3: 1.5 kg. of sawdust, 120ml of Ilang-Ilang extract and 3.2 liters of water

4.Applying the Dye

Three basins and three cups of water had been prepared. For each basin with different
treatments, and named A, B and C. Three white handkerchiefs were soaked for 5 minutes
in each of the three containers.

Result and discussion

1. Handkerchief A Light on Color

2. Handkerchief B Dark in color

3. Handkerchief C Darker

In this table, it presents the different colors of the handkerchiefs when the study was
conducted. It shows the difference in color according to the different treatments. Table 1
results that handkerchief C has the darker color.

Figure1. Rate of each handkerchiefs based on the opinion of the respondent.

F Rate of Handkerchief
HA 17.5 46.67
HB 7.5 20
HC 12.5 33.3

Table 2. frequency and Percentage Distribution of Respondents.

Table 2 shows that almost 17.5 respondents choose handkerchief, A which has a rate of
46.67% the color of handkerchief A has the best color. Handkerchief B has a rate of 20%
with 7.5 which has the least color. Handkerchief C has a rate of 33.3% with 12.5%
respondents next to the best in color is Handkerchief A.

Figure 2. Rate of the study if it is possible to be natural dye.

Yes 22.5 75%

No 7.5 25%

Table 3. Frequency Distribution of Respondents as to the Rate of Natural Dye

Most of the respondents say Yes or 22.5 or 75% chose that narra’s sawdust can
be a dye for clothes, because the handkerchiefs that was applied with natural dye looks
like the handkerchiefs that was applied with the commercial dye and7.5 or 25% chose no
or narra’s sawdust cannot be a dye.

Some 6.5 of the respondents of handkerchief A has a rate of 13.27& Handkerchief B has
the same rate. Handkerchief C respondents 11.5 with a rate of 23.47 has the highest rate
which applied by the natural dye out of narra’s sawdust. Handkerchiefs D and E have the
same rate of 18.38% and respondents of 9 which second to the highest and was applied
with a commercial dye and handkerchief F has the same rate with HA and HB.
Researcher asked which among the handkerchiefs was the best it was HC. HC was the
most effective and respondents attested that had o side effect, and were satisfied with
result that narra sawdust can be a dye.

Figure 4. Frequency Distribution of the Number of Times handkerchiefs washed. The

figure shows the time, the handkerchiefs were washed and the time the color faded on the
handkerchiefs. The handkerchief that has the most numbered of times washed the
handkerchief C.


A. Conclusion
The researcher found out that the best treatment was 1 and the handkerchief that has the
highest rate according to the respondents when asked which among the handkerchief was
applied by commercial dye by handkerchief C and the handkerchief that has the most
numbered of times washed before the color vanished was handkerchief C.

The researcher ad the respondents found out that the narra’s sawdust was very effective,
cheaper in price, produce more dyes that is environmental-friendly, while the commercial
dye was very very expensive and it is detrimental to health.

Based on the foregoing findings, the following conclusions are drawn.

1. Narra’s sawdust can be an alternative source of cloth dye.
2.Treatment 1 is the best prepare treatment to stain cloth.

B. Recommendation
The researcher recommends further study about the pigment of the narra as a source of

The following were also recommended for other researchers who would like to pursue
improvement of the study along the same line.

1. Chemical analysis test should be employed to determine the dye’s component.

2. Other raw materials, aside from water be used.
3. Statistical treatment of data must be done verify the acceptability and effectivity of the
4. Cost- analysis testing will help compare the dye with commercialized products.