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MODUL PT3 2016

ENGLISH
KECEMERLANGAN
THIS MODULE BELONGS TO :

DAERAH PASIR GUDANG


NAME: _______________________________________________

CLASS :
_______________________________________________

SCHOOL : _____________________________________________

MODUL KECEMERLANGAN
DAERAH PASIR GUDANG

ENGLISH PT3 2016

THIS MODULE BELONGS TO :

NAME : _________________________________________

CLASS : _________________________________________

SCHOOL : _________________________________________

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COMPILED BY :

COMPILED BY :

SECTION A :

Pn Indra Devi Dhamotharam


SMK Dato Penggawa Timur

SECTION B :

Pn Sarala Ramasamy
SMK Taman Pelangi Indah

Pn Nor Zalila Hidayu Aman


SMK Taman Nusa Damai

Pn `A-ishah Othman
SMK Agama Johor Bahru

SECTION C :

Pn Rohana Alias
SMK Taman Rinting 2

Pn. Haslina Anuar


SMK Taman Molek

SECTION D :

En. Krishna A/L Rama Krishnan


SMK Taman Rinting 2

Pn Sharifah Fatimatulzaharah Syed Hussien


SMK Desa Cemerlang

Pn Geeta A/P Sivasubramaniam


SMK Taman Puteri Wangsa

Pn. Vasantha A/P Asokan


SMK Pasir Gudang 3

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SECTION A

Error Identification

SECTION A
ERROR IDENTIFICATION

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4
GRAMMAR NOTES

ARTICLES

The Indefinite Article A / AN


We use A/AN with:
1. Singular nouns and the first time we refer to a person, animal or thing.

A child

2. We don't use A/AN with possessive pronouns, demonstratives or cardinal numbers.

My shirt is dirty.
This car is expensive.

What is the difference between A and AN?

A is used when the next word begins with a consonant sound (b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k etc).

a book

a university (because the beginning of university sounds like YOU-university)

AN is used when the next word begins with a vowel sound (a, e, i, o, u).

an apple

an hour (because the H is silent)

The Definite Article THE


We use THE with:

1. A singular or plural noun when it is clear/obvious which person or thing we are talking about.

There is a lamp in my bedroom. (we mention the lamp for the first time)

2. Anything which we identify immediately.

We watched the new Brad Pitt movie last night.

3. Musical instruments (the violin, the guitar, the drums, the flute, the piccolo).

She plays the piano.

4. Something that is unique or there is only one.


the sun

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5. Names of rivers, seas, oceans, mountain ranges and deserts (always in capital
the west

No Article
We use no article with:
1. When we refer to general ideas, plurals or uncountable nouns we do not use THE.

Religion is an important issue. (NOT The religion is an important issue)


Mexican food is spicy. (NOT The Mexican food is spicy).

2. Names of people, books and plays (unless it is part of the title).

I have read Romeo and Juliet.

3. Towns, cities, states and countries.

Cape Town

(Exceptions The USA, The UK, The Netherlands, The Czech Republic, The Philippines).

4. Lakes, single islands, continents or mountains.

Lake Victoria

5. Planets

Mars

6. Sports or games

soccer

7. Meals

Breakfast

Text 1 : Fill in the blanks with the correct article.

Mrs Charlie went _____ (1)town yesterday. She bought ____ (2) lot of things because

there was a closing down sale at ____ (3) large department store. By ____ (4) time she

arrived at _____ (5) store ,There was already _____ (6) huge crowd there. She really had

_____ (7) tough time trying to push her way through _____ (8) crowd. Then, when she went to

pay for ______ (9) things she had bought ,she had to wait in ______(10 ) queue for more than

_____ (11) hour.

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CONJUNCTIONS

Conjunctions are words that uses joiners.

Different kinds of conjunctions join different kinds of grammatical structures.

A. COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS (FANBOYS)

for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so

Coordinating conjunctions join equals to one another:

words to words, phrases to phrases, clauses to clauses.

TEXT 2

Fill in the blanks with either, however, but , and, or,so, therefore, although, since, until

My friends (1) ____ I planned to go for a picnic last weekend (2) ___________,it was

raining heavily. We were already at the bus station. We had two choices, (3)________ to go up

on the bus (4) _____ to wait for the rain to stop. We decided to wait . (5)_____ felt very upset

at first (6)________ we met an interesting group of tourists.(7) however we spent our time chit-

chatting with them at the bus station.

We enjoyed the conversation (8)_________ the weather was clear (9 )_____ the tourist

came from different countries, they spoke English well. We (10 ) _____ had no problems

communicating with them at all. (11)________ then, I kept in touch with one of the tourists, of

course a young handsome one.

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SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT

Subjects and verbs must AGREE with one another in number (singular or plural). Thus, if a
subject is singular, its verb must also be singular; if a subject is plural, its verb must also be
plural.

Usage Examples
1. Ali is a good boy.
A singular subject takes a singular verb 2. He rides a bicycle to work every
Morning.

A plural subject takes a plural verb 1.They play the drums well.
2.The chefs cook delicious meal

I and you must be followed by a plural verb 1.I love going for holidays
2.You are not going out.

Uncountable nouns must be followed by 1.The sky is blue


singular verbs 2.Water is essential to man.

Collective nouns that refer to a group as a 1.The mob has dispersed.


whole must be followed by a singular verb. 2.A litter of puppies is under the bed.

Collective nouns that refer to individuals in 1.The police were at the scene of the
the group must be followed by a plural verb. accident.

Words like each, every, one of, much etc 1.Each of the children was given a free T-
must be followed by a singular verb shirt

Words like all several a few many etc must 1.Several houses were destroyed during the
be followed by plural verbs earthquake.

Either nor neither must be followed by a 1.Neither Jack nor Hari is going out
singular verb if they are a singular subject.

Either nor neither must be followed by plural 1.Either Mrs Jacob or the girls are going to
verbs when the second subject is in the visit Mary.
plural. 2.Neither the captain nor the players have
agreed to play in the game.

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TEXT 3

Fill in the blanks with do, does, are, has, or have.

1. These bags __________ not belong to us. They ________ Jeremys.

2. My maid _________ the washing up in the house but she ____________ not do the
gardening.

3. The villagers _______ no money to buy food .However, the government ______ given
them loans.

4. The postman __________ his job well. He ________ to work rain or shine.

5. There ______nt any food left. The children ______ eaten it all.

6. My brother _________ just gone out. He _____ meeting his friends at the park.

7. My teacher _______ marked the test papers. We _________ to wait for the marks.

8. Each of us __________ two books but Jerry ____________ only one.

9. Puan Rosnah __________ our new headmistress. She __________ a lot of experience.

10. These rooms _________ not been painted .The painter ________ not bought the paint.

PREPOSITION

A preposition is a word that shows the relationship between a word in the sentence and the
word that is the object of the preposition.

Some Common Prepositions


Prepositions of time: after, around, at, before, between, during, from, on, until,
at, in, from, since, for, during, within
Prepositions of place: above, across, against, along, among, around, at,
behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, by,
down, in, inside, into, near, off, on, opposite, out, over,
past, through, to, toward, under, underneath
Prepositions of at, for, on, to, in, into, onto, between
direction/movement:
Prepositions of manner: by, on, in, like, with
Other types of prepositions: by, with , of, for, by, like, as

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TEXT 4

Last night, I was doing my homework _____(1) my room when the lights suddenly went

______ (2).The whole house was ____(3) total darkness. I immediately reached ____(4)

my torch and switched it _____(5).Then , I made my way _____ (6) my sisters room to check

_____(7) her. She was fast asleep ____ (8) her bed .She did not seem to be bothered

_____(9) the mosquitoes that were flying ______(10) her.I could not get to sleep ____(11)

The lights came ____ (12) again.

TEXT 5

Rahim is a fisherman .He lives _______(1) his wife _____ a little wooden house. His

wife ______(2)His house which he ______(3) stilts, is _____(4) the sea.He usually goes

_____(5)

The sea very early ______(6) the morning.He seldom returns ______(7) sunset._______(8)

The monsoon season,he doesnt go _____(9) sea.He remains ______ (10) land and attends

______ (11) all the chores that need to be done.It is a boring time _____(12) him because he

longs _______ (13) the sea!.

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TENSES

THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE IS USED:

To express habits, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions


and wishes:
I smoke (habit); I work in London (unchanging situation); London is a large
city (general truth)

To give instructions or directions:


You walk for two hundred meters, then you turn left.

To express fixed arrangements, present or future:


Your exam starts at 09.00

To express future time, after some conjunctions: after, when, before, as soon as, until:
He'll give it to you when you come next Saturday.

TEXT 6

Fill in the blanks with simple present tense.

Sheila _______(1) for a large international company.She ___________(2)the secretary to the


boss.

Every day she and her colleagues _______(3 ) at the office on time.

She___________(4)the letters and _______(5) through the mail.

SIMPLE PAST TENSE

The simple past is used to talk about a completed action in a time before now. Duration is not
important. The time of the action can be in the recent past or the distant past.

EXAMPLES

John Cabot sailed to America in 1498.

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My father died last year.

He lived in Fiji in 1976.

We crossed the Channel yesterday.

Text 7

Write one word to correct the error.

Last Saturday ,I go (1) to Kuala Lumpur to see my cousin who complete(2) her studies in
Australia

last month. I take (3) the bus there and my older sister Shafinni accompany (4) me there.

Coincidentlly ,she is (5) on her semester break.

1.____ 2.__________ 3_______________ 4._______________ 5 ________________

PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Use the Present Continuous with Normal Verbs to express the idea that something is happening
now, at this very moment. It can also be used to show that something is not happening now.

Examples:

You are learning English now.

You are not swimming now.

Are you sleeping?

I am sitting.

I am not standing.

Near Future

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Sometimes, speakers use the Present Continuous to indicate that something will or will not
happen in the near future.

Examples:

I am meeting some friends after work.

I am not going to the party tonight.

TEXT 8

Identify the error,underline and write the correct answer.

1. Mary Anne is take a swimming lesson.

2. Mother does watching television while father is eat popcorn.

3. Do not disturb Louis as he is do his homework now.

4. Mother is busy baked a cake for my party tonight.

5. They are enjoyed themselves at the pool when it suddenly raining.

1 __________________ 2_______________ 3________________ 4____________

5_________

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ERROR IDENTIFICATION : PT3-FORMAT PRACTICE

PRACTICE 1

Write one word to correct the error in the space provided

e.g went
During the last school holidays, Kuhan and I go on camping trip to port __________
Dickson. Although it is only for a night, we were very excited about it.We got __________
all the item we needed for the trip, such as canned food ,blankets and fishing __________
rods. Then, we set off in our bicycles.We reached the beach at about 9 a.m. __________
The sea was so invited that we were unable to contain our excitement. We __________
quicklychanged into our swimming trunks after jumping into the water.

__________
The crystal clear water was warm and we have splashing time.After a
short swim, we looked for a suitable spot to pitch our tent. We spent the rest of
__________
a day relaxing,collecting shells and swimming. Later in the evening, we build a
__________
small fire outside our tent to kept the mosquitoes away.We had our dinner at a
small stall which was just a stones throw away from our tent. After dinner ,we
__________
go crab- hunting along the beach.

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PRACTICE 2

Write one word to correct the error in the space provided

Coconut trees are commonly found in Kampungs but along the beaches of e.g. and

Malaysia. They grow well with sandy soil and being tropical crops,they can be _________

found in all parts of a tropics. Coconut trees are evergreen. The old leaves _________
fall off
__________
whilst new ones are being formed. Coconut trees can grow to a high of about
40 __________

metres. A coconut tree start to bears fruit about five years after it is planted. A __________
good
__________
coconut tree can yield about sixty nuts every year.The nuts are cut off the
tree which __________

they are ripe.Every parts of the coconut tree is useful.the trunk can be used __________
to make
__________
bridges, the pillars with a house,furniture and firewood.The leaves can be
__________
make into baskets while the nuts provide us with food and drink.Cooking oil
can be __________

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obtained for its dried kernel.The oil can be used to make soap and
candles.the husk

can be used to make mats,brushes and ropes. Most coconuts trees is


planted

from smallholders .however , some of the palms are grown in big plantation.

PRACTICE 3

Write one word to correct the error in the space provided

After seeing my sister of the airport, my father and I returned to our white eg off

car. To my annoyance, just as me was opening the door, the key jammed in the _______

lock. The rear window was slightly open, or I managed to unlock the back door _______

and wriggles into the drivers seat. Arriving at the pay station, I then realised that _______

I had misplace the ticket. Luckily the parking attendant was kind. He charged us _______

only a minimum fee. Soon after we leave the car park, I noticed a strange sound _______

coming from the engine. After I glanced at the rear view mirror and spotted a _______

unfamiliar sticker on the rear window, I realised the mistake I make. I told _______

my father that I was driving someone elses car. I quick made a U-turn and _______
drove
_______
straight back towards the airport. I then parked the car. Where I had find it and
_______
located my identical looking white car. Luckily, a kind- hearted parking

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attendant from earlier did not recognise us.

Answers

TEXT 1

1.
2. A
3. a
4. a
5. the
6. the
7. a
8. a
9. the
10. the
11. the/a
12. a

TEXT 2

1. and
2. However
3. either
4. or
5. but
6. So
7. until
8. Although
9. Therefore
10. Since

TEXT 3

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1 do,are
2.does,does
3 .have,has
4. does,has
5. have
6. is
7. has,have
8. has,has
9. is has
10 have has

Text 4 Text 5
1.in 8.on 1.with 8.during
2.out 9.by 2.in 9.to
3.in. 10. Around 3.on 10.on
4.for 11. Until 4. near 11.to
5.on 12.on 5.to 12.for
6.to 6.in 13. for
7.on 7.before
Text 6 Text 7 Text 8
1. works 1. Went 1. taking
2. is 2. Completed 2. watching
3. arrive 3. Took 3.doing
4. types 4. accompanied 4. baking
5. goes 5. Was 5.enjoying

PT3 Practice 1
1. was
2. items
3. on
4. inviting
5. before
6. had
7. the
8. built
9. kept
10. went

PT 3 PRACTICE 2
1. in
2. the
3. height
4. bear
5. when
6. part
7. of
8. made
9. from
10. are

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SECTION B
11. by

PT3 PRACTICE 3

Information Transfer
1. I
2. So
3. wriggled
4. misplaced Reading Non-Linear
5. lef
6.
7.
an
made Text
8. quickly
9. found
10. the

INFORMATION TRANSFER

Read the text carefully .

Scoring is easy because the answer is given and you need to identify correctly the answer and
then transfer the answers to the graphic given.

You just need to

SECTION B
write 1- 3 words in
each blank ( do not
write more than that )
If you think the
sentence is
rephrase it. INFORMATION TRANSFER too long,

WH can READING NON LINEAR TEXT help to


understand and answer
the questions
better
Example Activity 1

a) When will it be held?

b) Where will it be held?

c) and d) What are the activities?

e) and f) Who are the sponsors?

g) What is the main prize?

h) How much is the registration fee?

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i) How can payment be made ( form of payment)

j) Who is organizing this activity?

Question 1
Read the following information and answer questions (a) (j)

FISHING CARNIVAL
11 12 May
Pantai Cini, Melaka

Fishing competition
Cooking demonstration PRIZES FOR FISHING
Beach soccer COMPETITION
Other Actitivities ( for children ):
Deep See Category:
Mini motorcycle race
Ferries wheel First Prize : RM 3000
Second Prize : RM 2000
Colouring contest Third Prize : RM 1500
Consolation Prizes :
Hampers worth RM150 each
WIN ATTRACTIVE PRIZE!!
REGISTERATION FEE FOR FISHING Beach Category :
COMPETITION : RM 100 First Prize : RM 2000
( payment by cash only and please bring your own rod ) Second Prize : RM 1500
21 Third Prize : RM 1000
Consolation Prizes:
Hampers worth RM 150 each
Use the information and complete the graphic organiser.

Date : Main prize for Deep Sea Category:

a) ________________________ g) ______________________

Venue:
Registration Fee:
b) __________________________
h) _______________________

Children Activities: Fishing Payment by


c) __________________________ carnival
i) ________________________
d) _________________________

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Organiser:

Sponsored j) __________________________

e) ________________________

f) ________________________

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24
25
26
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Answers for Information Transfer

QUESTION 1 QUESTION 2

Fishing Carnival Pirate Treasure

a) 11- 12 May a) Harry Lim

b) Pantai Cini, Melaka b) Selvi Rajan

c) Mini motorcycle race c) Kee Jun

d)Ferries wheel d) Ariff

e)Kad Anda e) Lilos Island

f)PE Petrol f) Kemin Island

g)RM 300 g) dolphin

h)RM 100 h) turtle

i) cash i) Pita Bookstores

j)Berita Anda j) TTM Books

Question 4

Jason Veera

a) Fifteen years old

b) hard -working

c) responsibility

d) caring

e) football

f) atheletics

g) President of the Library Board

h) captain of school football team

i) best performer of the school talent contest

j) certificate of achievement

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READING NION-LINEAR TEXT

FORMATS FOR SHORT WRITING Question (j)

Postcards
Short Notes
Emails

Sample Writing for Postcards

Sample Question 1:

Imagine that you went for a tour to Melbourne. In about 50 words, write a postcard to your
friend telling him/her about your favourite attractions. In your postcard :

Talk about the different types of attractions


Talk about your favourite attractions.
Add other relevant information to make your writing interesting.

Dear Anida,

Im in Melbourne for my sisters graduation. It is a beautiful,


lively, artsy city with the perfect blend of old and new architecture. I
visitd a few of the attractions there. I did quite a bit of shopping at
Queen Victoria Market and Direct Factory Outlet. I also took a
scenic drive along the Great Ocean Road. We stopped by Lorne To:
where I got to taste the best fish and chips.
Anida Ali
Apart from all the places I mentioned, my favourite
attractions would be the adorable penguins I saw in Philip Island 171-3 Village Apartment,
and the Sherbrooke Forest on Mount Dandenong. I hiked through Jalan Hang Tuah,
the forest and got to see the beautiful nature. It was such a great 60000 Petaling Jaya,
way to escape the city life. Ill tell you more when I get back. See Selangor, Malaysia
you soon.

From,

Fara

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Sample Question 2 :

You plan to make and bring dessert for your class party. In about 50 words, write a postcard to
your cousin. In your postcard :

Invite your cousin to help you.


Give reasons to support your choice.
Add other relevant information to make your writing interesting.

Dear Phoebe,

How have you been? What have you been up to? I need
your help to make a desser for my class party. I know you are a
fantastic baker, and that is why I am desperately counting on your
expertise.
To:
My class party will be held in a fortnights time, so we shall
have just enough time to shop for the ingredients. I suggest we Phoebe Lim
make ice cream sandwich cake, which is your specialty. Please
say you will come and help. Ill ask the permission from your mum. No 1234
My mum and I can pick you from your house on Friday at 3.00 Jalan Dedap 1,
p.m. Hope to hear from you as soon as possible. Taman Johor Jaya
81100 Johor Bahru,
Your cousin, Johor.

Shirley

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Sample Question 3 :

Your friend and his parents are always in disagrement with the amount of time your friend can
spend on the computer. In about 50 words, write a postcard to your friend. In your postcard :

Suggest a workshop for him and his parents to join to solve the problem
Give reasons to support your choice.
Add other relevant information to make your writing interesting.

Dear Arif,

How are you? I heard about the disagreement with your


parents. I am writing to tell you about an interesting workshop that
will be held at Taman Megah Community Hall. The workshop is
about working out a plan for parents and teenagers on the amount To:
of time allowed to spend on the computer. I think, you and your
parents should go together. If you join this, I am sure your parents Arif Ahmad
and you can agree on an amount of your computer time.
Furthermore, the admission is free! It is going to be held on the No 1234
16th June 2016 at 10.00 a.m. Hope you will consider my Jalan Mawar 44,
suggestion. Ill go with my parents as well. See you there and take Taman Mawar,
care. 81750 Pasir Gudang
Johor.

Your friend,

Faizal

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Sample Writing for Short Notes

Sample question 1 :

Your friend has recently experience an earthquake in Ranau, Sabah. Write a short note to your
friend. In your note :

Express your concern


Give reasons to your concern
Add other relevant information to make your writing interesting

Dear Susan,

How are you? I hope you are well. I am writing this note to express my
concern towards the recent earthquake that struck Ranau. I hope your friends and
family are safe and sound. I read in the news that the ground was shaking and
some buildings were damaged. I pray for your safety and well being. Let me know
if you need anything.

I hope to hear from you soon. Take care.

Your friend,

Peter

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Sample question 2:

Your friend wrote to you that he is very stressed as the year-end examination is just around the
corner. In about 50 words, write a short note to your friend. In your note :

Give him tips on how to release tension and relieve stress


Suggest two other ways to relieve stress
Add other relevant information to make your writing interesting

Hi Harry,

How are you? Sorry to hear that you are very stressed over the coming
examination. Here are some tips for you. First, do exercise. Maybe go for walk,
swim or jog. When you are free, do some breathing exercises. Inhale through your
nose slowly but deeply. Then exhale through your mouth. You will find the tension
being released from your body.

Next, play with your old toys like the Transformer or Spiderman. Go
shopping or window shopping. You can buy something nice for yourself. You can
also talk to your close friends or family members. They can calm you down and
help you. I would also suggest you to listen to soft music and get plenty of sleep.
Pray more and get closer to god.

I hope my tips help. Good luck in your exam!

Your friend,

Oliver

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Sample question 3:

Your sister is thinking of a dish to cook for lunch. In about 50 words, write a short note to your
sister. In your note :

Recommend a dish to cook for lunch


Give reasons to support your choice
Add other relevant information to make your writing interesting

Dear Atiqah,

How are you? I hope you are well. I heard you are looking for a dish to
cook for lunch. I would like to recommend Ridhuans fried rice recipe. It is easy to
follow and the ingredients required to cook this dish is minimal. I have tried the
recipe and it is really delicious. Try it! I can guarantee that you would love of how
easy it is to follow and be surprised by how delicious it is.

Hope to hear from you soon. Bye !

Your sister,

Lisa

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QUESTION 3 SET 1

Read the poster below. Then answer questions (a) ( j ).

35
Questions (a) - (d)

Based on the poster, state whether the following statements are TRUE or FALSE.

a The notice aims to persuade. _________________(1 mark)

b Exercise can help one to de-stress. _________________(1 mark)

c Go window-shopping if you feel stressed. _________________(1 mark)

d Talking to all your friends releases the tension in you. _________________(1 mark)

Questions (e) (i)

Read the poster carefully and answer the questions below.

e Which sentence tells you that exercise is good in relieving stress?

______________________________________________________________ (1 mark)

f When can one, who is very stressed, call the Befrienders?

______________________________________________________________(1 mark)

g Fill in the table with an appropriate phrase from the poster.

Meaning Phrase

(i) willing to listen _________________________________ (1


mark)

(ii) 24 hours service _________________________________ (1


mark)

h How can deep breathing exercise help one to relieve stress?

_____________________________________________________________ (1 mark)

i Why do you think people walk along the beach when they feel stressed?

_______________________________________________________________(1 mark)

(10 marks)

36
(j) Your friend emailed to tell you that he is very stressed as the year-end
examination is just around the corner. In about 50 words, reply to his email.

In your email:

Give him tips on how to release tension and relieve stress.

Suggest two other ways to relieve stress.

Add other relevant information to make your writing interesting.

To :

From :

Subject :

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

37
(10 marks)

QUESTION 3 SET 2

Read the notice below. Then answer questions (a) ( j ).

38
Questions (a) - (d)

Based on the notice, state whether the following statements are TRUE or FALSE.

a The notice is to promote a kind of goods. _________________(1 mark)

b All Form 3 students are going to Manis Shelter. _________________(1 mark)

c The party is organised by the Chinese Language Society. _________________(1 mark)

d Transportation to Manis Shelter is free. _________________(1 mark)

Questions (e) (i)

Read the notice carefully and answer the questions below.

e Why do you think the visit is on a Saturday?

______________________________________________________________ (1 mark)

f Why are students encouraged to give donations in cash?

______________________________________________________________(1 mark)

g Fill in the table with an appropriate phrase from the notice.

Meaning Phrase

(iii) very poor _________________________________ (1


mark)

(iv) depends very much on _________________________________ (1


mark)

h Why do you think the Chinese Language Society organises this event?

_____________________________________________________________ (1 mark)

i Why would you participate in this event?

_______________________________________________________________(1 mark)

(10 marks)

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(j) You have decided to participate in this event Party Time at Manis Shelter. In about 50
words, write a short message to your mother to seek her permission.

In your short message:

provide information about the event

give reasons to support your participation

add other relevant information to make your writing interesting

(10 marks)

Dear ______________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

From,

________________
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QUESTION 3 SET 3

Read the web page below. Then answer questions (a) ( j ).

41
Questions (a) - (d)

Based on the web page, state whether the following statements are TRUE or FALSE.

a Shopping online is hassle-free and convenient. _________________(1 mark)

b According to the web page, one has to jostle with the crowds _________________(1 mark)
to buy what one needs.

c You can buy second-hand goods on E-Dream Stores. _________________(1 mark)

d The hiking boots were originally bought at RM298. _________________(1 mark)

Questions (e) (i)

Read the web page carefully and answer the questions below.

e Benny is looking for a gadget to download his songs so that he can listen to them while
jogging. What should he buy and how much must he pay.

______________________________________________________________ (1 mark)

f What should you do first before buying a handbag online?

______________________________________________________________(1 mark)

g Fill in the table with an appropriate phrase from the web page.

Meaning Phrase

(v) owned by someone else before

_____________________________(1
mark)

(vi) not very expensive

_____________________________(1
mark)

h Why do you think the word one-stop is used to describe shopping at E-Dream Stores?

_____________________________________________________________ (1 mark)

42
i Do you think online shopping will be popular in the future? Give a reason.

_______________________________________________________________(1 mark)

(10 marks)

(j) You came across this web page while surfing the Internet. In about 50 words,
write a postcard to your brother who is studying in another state.

In your postcard:

encourage him to do online shopping

give reasons why you think online shopping is a better option

add other relevant information to make your writing interesting

Dear __________________,

_____________________________________________________ (10 marks)

_____________________________________________________ To:

_____________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________ ___________________________

_____________________________________________________ ___________________________

_____________________________________________________ ___________________________

_____________________________________________________ ___________________________

ANSWERS
_____________________________________________________ ____________
SET 1
_____________________________________________________

a) FALSE
_____________________________________________________
b) TRUE
_____________________________________________________
c) TRUE
_________________
d) FALSE
From,
e) Exercise is the best medicine.
f) ______________
He can call the Befrienders any time of the day.

43
g) i) lend an ear
ii) round the clock

h) He will feel very relieved when the tension flows out as he exhales
i)
ANSWERS

SET 1

a) FALSE
b) TRUE
c) TRUE
d) FALSE
e) Exercise is the best medicine.
f) He can call the Befrienders any time of the day.
g) i) lend an ear
ii) round the clock

h) He will feel very relieved when the tension flows out as he exhales
i) This is because walking along the sandy beach is refreshing and the troubled mind is
soothed. (Any suitable answer)
j) (Suggested answer)

To : ameena@gamil.com
From : andy@yahoo.com
Subject : Tips to relieve stress

Hai Ameena,

Received your email. Sorry to her that you are very stressed over the coming
examination. Here are some tips for you.
First, do exercise. Maybe go for a walk, a swim or a jog. When you are free, do
some deep breathing exercises. Inhale through your nose slowly but deeply. Then,
exhale through your mouth. You will find the tension being released from your body.
Next, play with your old toys like the Transformer or the Spiderman. Go shopping or talk
to your close friends or call the Befrienders. Befrienders work round the clock, so you
can call them any time. A tip which I like is close your eyes and imagine yourself near a
brook, listening to the soft waves beating against its bank. Alternatively, you can walk on
the sandy beach.
I would also suggest you listen to soft music and get plenty of sleep. Pray more
and get closer to God. Have faith in Him and He will guide you. I hope my tips help.
Thanks.

44
Your friend,
Andy

SET 2

a) FALSE
b) FALSE
c) TRUE
d) TRUE
e) The students can spend more time with the orphans as it is weekend.
f) This is because Manis Shelter depends very much on cash donations
g) i) poverty-stricken
ii) runs entirely on

h) They hope to share with the orphans the joy of Chinese New Year
i) This is because I would like to understand more about orphans. (Any suitable answer)
j) (Suggested answer)

My dearest mum,

Hope this message finds you in the best of health. I am doing fine here. Mum, I
would like your permission to visit Manis Shelter on 21 February 2016. It is organised by
our school Chinese Language Society. Transportation is free. I only need to pay RM5 for
the food.
I would also like to ask you for some money as cash donations for the shelter.
Manis Shelter is run entirely on donations.
I feel the visit would be very worthwhile. It is a Chinese New Year Party for the
orphans. There will be lots of activities like singing of Chinese New Year songs, a singing
competition, Musical Chairs and traditional dances like the Fan dance and the Bamboo
Dance.
Thats all, Mum. I hope my request is granted. Thanks Mum and take care.

Your loving daughter,


Andy

SET 3

a) FALSE
b) FALSE
c) TRUE
d) FALSE
e) Call Puan Rosnah or visit the school website

45
SECTION C
f) Poison Cat
g) i) pioneer batch
ii) captivating humour

Reading Linear Text


h) To promote their programmes / to meet their students parents

Poems
i) To become a refined person/ to understand people better/ to appreciate literary works,
music and arts (Any suitable answer)
j) (Suggested answer)

Dear Andy,

Would you like to come along with me to the Jace Performing arts School Open day?
The school is organising interesting plays and dramas by present students and even the
alumni. I am sure these would be highly entertaining. There will also be a comedy by the
Austrian group, Poison Cats. I really hope you will enjoy yourself.
From,
Ameena

READING COMPREHENSION II

READING COMPREHENSION: LINEAR TEXTS

PRACTICE 1

Read the letter from Suraya to Rozita

Dear Rozita,

SECTION C
How are you? Everyone at home is good. I am excited to hear about your family trip to Redang
Island. You remembered that my family and i went there too. It was a wonderful trip and I am sure you
will have an equally good trip.
READING LINEAR TEXT
I will be happy to share tips I recall about snorkelling. I am sure you would have already read that boat

POEMS
operators are discouraged from anchoring their boats on the reef so I hope your boatman does not do

that either. However, there are several things you can do to keep the reef safe.

While snorkelling, dont touch the reef or any living organism with your body. Be careful not to move
your flippers too fast too. When you splash about near the reefs, a cloud of sand will form and this can
harm them. Even the heavy strokes of the water can damage them. They are fragile organisms.

The corals and other aquatic creatures are colourful and beautiful to look at. However, dont collect or
catch them. Dont collect or buy shells either as they are important to the marine ecosystem. Another
important thing to remember is not to feed the fish. When people do this, they do not realise that they
are disturbing the fishs natural habits. Besides, the food can be bad for their well being.
46
There will be a lot of signs reminding tourists what to do and not to do while snorkelling. Even your
guide will explain them to you. I hope you have a safe and an enjoyable holiday. I cant wait to hear
about your island escapade when you get back. Bye.
47
Read the letter carefully and answer questions [a]-[i]

a) Who has visited Redang Island before?

.......................................................................................................................................[1mark]

b. Why did Suraya write to Rozita?

......................................................................................................................................[1 mark]

c) Why two things you should not do when you are swimming near some fish.

i...........................................................................................................................................

ii. ........................................................................................................................................

[2 marks]

d) Why do you think boat operators shouldnt anchor their boats on the reefs?

............................................................................................................................................

[1 mark]

e) Fill in the table with an appropriate word/phrase from the letter

meaning Word/phrase
i. Persuaded not to do something
ii. Easily damaged
iii. Living things that live in the sea
iv. Causing problems
[4 marks]

f) People may be tempted to collect or catch the aquatic creature. Why? [1 mark]

.............................................................................................................................................

48
g) What happens if people feed the fish?

.................................................................................................................................[1mark]

h) What happens when someone moves their flippers fast?

i............................................................................................................................................

ii...........................................................................................................................................

[1 mark]

i) Give 2 other suggestions to help safeguard coral reefs.


i. ................................................................................................
ii. ..................................................................................................

[2 marks]

PRACTICE 2

Read the article and answer the questions

Once upon a time, two neighbours went to see a wise man to help them solve a problem. The
neighbours, one tall and the other short, introduced themselves to the wise man. The tall man
told the wise man that at the edge of his plot of land, there was a tree filled with mangoes. He
insisted that the tree and the mangoes were his because the branches of the tree were leaning
more on his side of the land.

The wise man then asked the short man for his side of the story. The second man said
that he was a farmer. He spoke calmly when he told the wise man that even though the tree
leaned more towards his neighbours land, he had planted it. He said that he cared for it for
many years. When the plant was young, he protected it from hungry cows and goats that
wanted to eat its leaves and fruits.

The wise man thought for a while and then gave his opinion. He suggested that the tree
be cut. Then, all the mangoes were picked and divided equally between the two neighbours.
The tall was happy with the decision. However, the short man pleaded with the wise man not to
cut the mango tree. He volunteered to give all his mangoes to the tall man so the tree would not
be cut down.

The wise man praised the farmer for being a generous man. Then, he said that the tree
belonged to the short man.

Read the article carefully and answer questions (a) (h)

(a) What problem did the two neighbours have?

49
.............................................................................................................................................

..........................................................................................................................( 1 mark )

(b) State two reasons that the tall man gave to claim that the mango tree belonged to him.

.............................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................................

(2 marks)

(c) Why did the short man think that the mango tree belonged to him? Give two reasons.

.............................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................................

(2 marks)

(d) Why do you think the wise man suggested that the tree be cut?

.............................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................................

(2 marks)

(e) Fill in the table with an appropriate word or phrase from the article

meaning Word/phrase
i. i. a small piece of the
surface of the ground
ii. ii. bent to one side

iii. Asked somebody for


something in a serious way
iv. Expressed your admiration
for somebody
(4 marks)

(f) Why was the tall man happy with the decision?

.............................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)

(g) Why did the wise man praise the short man?

.............................................................................................................................................

50
.............................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)

PRACTICE 3

Read the article below about robots

A robot is basically a machine that has been designed and built by humans to do a certain
function or task. Robots have been invented to make the lives of people easier. There are
several types of robots. Some robots function in the industrial field while some function to
provide aids and assist people in their everyday lives.

An industrial robot can be found in giant factories where each robot will come together to form a
complete system. Robots work together in a system through programming via electronics and
careful planning to produce a consistent product. Bu using robots, companies can reduce the
chances of human errors and reduce the running cot of hiring additional employees.

A different type of robot can also be found in space! Numerous robots have been designed and
built to perform tasks that humans are not capable of doing. These robots destined for space
are called rovers. The most recent rover called Curiosity was launched by NASA in US on the
November 26, 2011. Curiosity Rover has the task of investigating climate and geology on Mars
and is currently still in operation on Mars as we speak.

With the advancement in technology, companies are able to produce humanoid robots
that can mimic the way of humans and learn certain behaviour patterns. One such robot that
became famous due to its innovative artificial intelligence is called the ASIMO. This robot was
designed to operate in real-world environments and has the ability to walk or run on two feet.
This impressive feat may not be significant, but it offers an exciting glimpse into the future where
robots will surely play a larger role in our everyday lives.

Read the article carefully and answer questions (a(-(i)

(a) What is a robot?

51
.............................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)

(b) Why did humans invent robots?

.............................................................................................................................................
( 1 mark)

(c) List two places where robots are used.

i) ............................................................................. ( 1 mark)

ii) ............................................................................. ( 1 mark)

(d) How do robots work together in a system?

.............................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................................
( 1 mark)

(e) Fill in the table with an appropriate word/phrase from the article

meaning Word/phrase
Robots resembling human beings

Important

An apparatus consisting on interrelated parts


with separate functions
Constantly adhering to the same principles

(4 marks)

(f) What do you think will happen to our daily lives if the many things we do are assisted by
robots?

.............................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................................
[ 1 mark ]

(g) What made ASIMO become famous?

.............................................................................................................................................
[ 1 mark]

52
(h) What are the two reasons industrial companies prefer robots to do the work compared to
humans?

i. ...........................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
ii. ...........................................................................................................................
[1mark]

(i) Name two technological inventions.

i. .............................................................................................................
[ 1 mark]

ii. ............................................................................................................
[1 mark]

PRACTICE 4

Read the following passage

WAKING UP TO A NIGHTMARE

BUKIT MERTAJAM: A heavy downpour in the wee hours had caused some 100 homes in
Machang Bubok, Bukit Mertajam to be hit by flash flood. The panic-stricken villagers in the area
had to hurry to save their belongings and move to a higher ground.

A fire engine, a truck and two boats were dispatched to the scene to help the flood
victims. The affected villagers were taken to a relief centre at a school nearby. Fortunately,there
were no casualties.

Saad Osman, 49, whose house in Kampung Machang Bubok was among those affected
said that such occurrence was not uncommon. He further added, It rained heavily at about 3
a.m. last night. Two hours later, the water started gushing in and rose rapidly up to waist level.
We face this problem at least once a year but this year is the worst. My furniture is all damaged
as I had no time to move them out.

Another victim, Mohd Rosdi Idris, 45, said, It came as a surprise to us because the
water rose very fast this time. Fortunately, some villagers managed to save their belongings in
time.

Another resident, who wished to be known only as Jack, blamed the development
projects nearby as the main cause of the flood. There are many new construction work done on
higher grounds. Therefore, whenever it rain heavily, the water flows onto the lower grounds,
causing the river nearby to burst its banks.

The villagers hoped that the relevant authorities would look into this matter seriously and
take appropriate actions to overcome this problem immediately.

53
(Adapted from New Straits Times)

Read the passage carefully and answer the questions (a)-(j)

a) What happened in Machang Bubok?

.................................................................................................................................( 1 mark)

b) What caused this to happen?

.................................................................................................................................( 1 mark)

c) How many houses were affected?

.................................................................................................................................( 1 mark)

d) Who said that the flood was a usual problem in his village?

.................................................................................................................................(1 mark)

e) Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word/phrase from the passage

Meaning Word/phrase
i) Very early in the morning
ii) Incident
iii) Flowing in suddenly
iv) Overflow
( 4 marks)

f) What does the phrase there were no casualties mean?

..................................................................................................................................(1 mark)

g) According to Jack, what was the main cause of the flood?

...................................................................................................................................(1 mark)

h) How would the affected villagers have felt about the situation?

...................................................................................................................................(1 mark)

i) Suggest two ways how we can help the victims?


1. ..................................................................................................................(1 mark)
2. ..................................................................................................................(1 mark)
j) State two ways how we can avoid flash floods.

i. ..........................................................................................................................(1 mark)
ii. .........................................................................................................................( 1 mark)

54
PRACTICE 5

Section C

[20 marks]

[Time suggested: 20 minutes]

Question 4

Read the article about a famous personality.

Not many people would recognise the name Tan Sri Anthony Francis Fernandes but he
is none other than the entrepreneur who rose to prominence by turning AirAsia, a failing
commercial airline into a successful budget air company and introducing the now famous tag
line Now everybody can fly.

Tony Fernandes was born on 30 April 1964 in Kuala Lumpur. He completed his
secondary education at Epsom College, London and graduated from the London School of
Economics in 1987. Fernandes was admitted as Associate Member of the Association of
Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) in 1991 and became Fellow Member in 1996.

Upon his return to Malaysia, he became the youngest Managing Director of Warner
Music and subsequently became the South-east Asian Regional Vice-President of Warner
Music Group. Fernandes then left to pursue his dream of starting a budget airline. In 2001 he
had the opportunity to meet with Tun Mahathir who advised him to buy an existing airline rather
than start a new one. Fernandes mortgaged his home and used his savings to buy AirAsia.

55
The purchase occurred just after the September 11 terrorist attacks in America and
many people thought that Fernandes was crazy to venture into airline industry at such time. Yet
one year after his takeover, Fernandes broke even and cleared all his debts. The rest, as they
say, is history.

Fernandes was named Malaysian CEO of the Year in 2003 and has since been named
the recipient of other prestigious business awards around the world. He has also been honoured
by the Yang Dipertuan Agong of Malaysia and the governments of France and Britain.

He has indeed done the country proud. He is not likely to rest on his laurels and is
definitely destined for greater success in the future.

Questions (a) to (i)

Read the article carefully and answer the questions below.

(a) Who is Tan Sri Tony Fernandes?


_________________________________________________________ (1 mark)

(b) Name two places where Fernandes received his early education?
i) ___________________________________________________ (1 mark)
ii) ___________________________________________________ (1 mark)

(c) What advice was given by Tun Mahathir to Fernandes during their meeting?
_________________________________________________________ (1 mark)

(d) Fill in the table with appropriate word/phrase from the text.

Meaning Word/Phrase
i) chase after
ii) dared to do something risky
iii) not making profit or losing money
iv) easily satisfied
(4 marks)

e) Why did Fernandes decide to leave Warner Music Group?

_________________________________________________________ (1 mark)

f) Why did Fernandess friends think that he was crazy?

_________________________________________________________ (1 mark)

g) What was the award given to Fernandes?

56
_________________________________________________________ (1mark)

h) Do you think Tan Sri Tony Fernandes has made our country proud? Give reasons

for your answers.

i. ________________________________________________________ (1 mark)

ii ________________________________________________________ (1 mark)

i) Your friend Azman has extraordinary ambitions like Tan Sri Tony Fernandes. How
would you encourage him? Give suggestions.

i. ________________________________________________________ (1 mark)

ii ________________________________________________________ (1 mark)

PRACTICE 6

Section C
[20 marks]
(Time suggested: 20 minutes)

Questions (a) - (i) are based on the article.

Fast food

Fast food is fast becoming a staple food for many Malaysians especially among many
young adults and children. Rising number of Malaysians are experiencing highly time-
constrained lifestyles with limited time for dining. Besides, fast food is popular with consumers
because it is more affordable as compared to foods and drinks offered by chained full-service
restaurants, in particular. Fast delivery services and drive-through facilities make it very
convenient for take away food for many on their way to work, during lunch or even on the way
home from work.

Research shows fast foods contain lots of calories, sugar, sodium and unhealthy fats --
substances that increase your risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure and heart
disease. Increased health risks are directly associated with increased consumption of fast

57
foods. Many individuals in are becoming obese. Another result of fast food culture is the loss of
the family tradition of eating together. Children and adults rarely eat together now, and thus get
less opportunity to talk.

Undoubtedly, it is convenient and cheap, but as parents and educators it is important to


set examples for children to emulate. Parents and educators can be more involved in increasing
awareness regarding the negative effects of fast foods and discourage children from consuming
them. Parents can influence their childrens eating habits through the types of foods they buy for
themselves and their family. The snacks they serve for breakfast, lunch and dinner also can
help to develop a childs eating habit.

Read the article carefully and answer the questions below.

(a) Why fast food is a favourite among many working adults?


___________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

(b) What are the contents of a fast food?


___________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

(c) Name 3 diseases caused by consuming fast food.


___________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
___________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
___________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

(d) What are the negative effects of eating fast foods?


___________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

(e) Name two effects fast foods have on our culture.


___________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
___________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

(f) Fill in the table with appropriate words/phrases from the article.

Meaning Word/Phrase

a) behaviour

b) space

c) realization

[3 marks]

58
(g) State 2 possible reasons why Malaysians fancy fast food.
___________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
___________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
(h) Give 2 possible steps to educate children about the dangers of fast food
___________________________________________________________ [1 mark]
___________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

59
PT3 POEM : THE RIVER

TASK 1
WORD IN POEM
No MEANING WORD
1 a person who likes to keep things h_______________
2 annoyed v_______________
3 makes low, bubbly sounds g_______________
4 a person who moves from place to place for better places n_______________
5 a homeless person who begs from place to place t________________
6 ate quickly g_______________
7 a person/thing that turns w_______________
8 a person who moves from place to place w_______________
9 sings with lips closed h________________
10 puts into the ground b________________
11 sounds that are repeated e________________
12 areas outside cities and towns c________________
13 valuable things t________________

TASK 2
CHARACTERISCTICS OF A RIVER
N CHARACTERISITCS STANZA
o
1 a wanderer
2 a ____________

60
3 a ____________ STANZA 1
4 does not ________________
5 a ____________
6 twists and __________ STANZA 2
7 cannot __________________
8 a ____________
9 buries and keeps __________ in the river bed STANZA 3
10 a ____________
11 gurgles ________________ STANZA 4
12 sucks _________________
13 a ____________
14 ___________ along STANZA 5
15 a ____________
16 _____________________
17 has _________________ trees STANZA 6
18 will _________________ humans

TASK 3
WORD IN THE POEM RELATED TO NATURE & MAN
NATURE MAN
.
river wanderer

dancer

TASK 4
NUMBER THE STANZA FOR EACH DESCRIPTION

The river produces a The river is like a hungry The river is like a homeless
harmonious sound. As he creature that greedily man, who wonders aimlessly
moves gracefully along, he swallows up and destroys the from place to place and does
makes music and this can be trees in its way, and he may not have a permanent home
heard from a distance get you too someday

61
throughout the countryside

STANZA ______ STANZA ______ STANZA ______

The river is like an infant, who The river collects things as it The river is not straight. It
makes happy baby noises moves along and bits and bends and meanders as it
and sounds, like he is sucking pieces sink to the bottom and flows from the highland to the
his thumbs happily settles on the river bed lowland. It does not stop
flowing

STANZA ______ STANZA ______ STANZA ______

TASK 6
MEANING OF LINE
N MEANING LINE
o
1 the sound of the flowing river water

2 the river is constantly moving

3 the river is restless

4 the river travels to many places

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. The Rivers a wanderer
B. The notes of his song
C. He just cannot be still
D. He just cannot be still

TASK 7
SET 1
N QESTION ANSWER
o
1 What does the countryside echo?

2 What is the main theme of this poem?

3 Why is the river being compared to a


singer?
4 Which comparison tells us that the
river can be irritated?
5 Why is The River a winder?

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. He winds through valleys and hills
B. Monster

62
C. it makes musical sounds
D. the sound of the river
E. the different characteristics of rivers

SET 2
N QESTION ANSWER
o
6 Why is The River a wanderer, a
nomad and a tramp?
7 What can we learn from this poem? 1.
2.
8 What is The River actually doing
when people throw away things?
9 In what way is the river like a baby?

10 Why is the river being called a


Monster?

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. it sounds happy just like a baby
B. We should appreciate rivers
C. The river does not settle in one place
D. It is raging and violent
E. covering the things with mud and sand
F. We should keep the rivers clean

SET 3
N QESTION ANSWER
o
11 Where is The River burying those
treasures?
12 What treasures do you think the river .
has buried?
13 Where does the river go?

14 What is the poem about?

15 In stanza 5, whose personality does


the river take on?

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. The river goes anywhere it wants to go
B. at the river bed
C. The persona tells different aspects of a river
D. A singer
E. mineral

SET 4

63
N QESTION ANSWER
o
16 In stanza 5, which word describes the
movement of the river?
17 What does the phrase He doesnt .
choose one place tell us about the river?
18 Give two words from the poem that
describe the River is a monster?
19 In stanza two, what is the river compared
to?
20 Why does the persona say the River is
like a baby?
LIST OF ANSWERS
A. The river does not remain in one place
B. dances
C. A winder
D. hungry
E. It is because the river makes the sound like babies
F. vexed

SET 5
N QESTION ANSWER
o
21 State two characteristics of the river 1.
that the persona described
2.

22 When does the river gobble up trees .


and swallow people?
23 Where does the river keep its
treasures?
24 Why does the persona call the river a
hoarder?
25 Give two words that the poet uses to 1.
describe the river as a winder? 2.

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. A wanderer who does not remain in one place
B. turns
C. When the river overflows, it uproots trees and destroys everything in its way
D. The river keeps anything that falls into it
E. A monster that can destroy property, plants and even human
F. twists
G. At the bottom of the river

TASK 8
SET 6
N QESTION ANSWER
o
26 Do you agree that the persona
appreciates rivers? Give a reason

64
27 Based on the poem, do you think the
river is good?
28 Do you think that the river can be
dangerous to us? Give a reason.

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. Yes, because the river supplies drinking water for people
B. Yes, because the persona has described the river perfectly
C. Yes because the river can drown animals and people and harm the environment

65
PT3 POEM : MR NOBODY

TASK 1
WORD IN POEM
No MEANING WORD
1 naughty thing m______________
2 roller curtains b_______________
3 lose/misplaced m______________
4 slightly open a_______________
5 please (old word) p_______________
6 silent q_______________
7 broken c_______________
8 rips t_______________
9 lose colour f_______________
10 open u_______________
11 wet soil/dirt m______________
12 creaking s_______________
13 putting oil on door hinges o_______________

66
14 accidentally drops s_______________
15 all around a______________
16 moist d______________
17 carelessly throws t_______________

TASK 2
CHARACTERISTICS OF MR NOBODY
No ACTION TRAITS LIST OF ANSWERS
1 cracking a plate A. careless
2 tearing of books B. forgetful
3 leaving door open C. mischievous
4 scattering of pins A. messy
5 mislaying papers B. clumsy
6 leaving finger marks on doors C. inconsiderate
7 leaving blinds unclosed A. dirty
8 spilling ink B. untidy
9 leaving books lying around C. negligent
10 soiling a carpet D. irresponsible

TASK 3
MISCHIEFS OF MR NOBODY
No ACTION ANSWER LIST OF ANSWERS
1 He cracks A. the door ajar
2 He tears B. the books
3 He leaves C. the pins afar
4 He pulls out D. the plates
5 He scatters E. the buttons
5 He does not oil A. the carpets
6 He puts damp wood B. the door
7 His feet C. on the fire
8 He soils D. bring in mud
9 He mislays A. on the door
10 He spills B. the papers
11 He leaves finger marks C. the ink
12 He does not close A. the papers about
13 He tosses B. the blinds
14 He leaves his boots C. lying around

TASK 4
SET 1
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
1 Why are the carpets soiled and dirty?

2 Why is Mr Nobody compared to a mouse?

3 Why does the door always squeak?

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4 According to the poem, who has seen Mr
Nobody?

5 Where does Mr Nobody do his mischief?

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. No one
B. He moves quietly like a mouse
C. In everybodys house
D. The door is rusty but nobody wants to oil the door
E. Mr Nobody walks into the house with muddy feet

SET 2
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
6 How does Mr Nobody move around?

7 Who is Mr Nobody?

8 Why must we close the binds?

9 Who is Mr Nobody compared to?

10 What should we do when we break a plate?

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. So that the curtains do not fade
B. A mouse
C. We should admit our wrongdoing and be responsible
D. He moves quietly like a mouse
E. Someone who does not admit his wrongdoing

SET 3
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
11 What does Theres no one ever sees his
face imply?
12 When does this person do all the mischief?

13 What will happen when we put damp wood


upon a fire?
14 What lessons have you learnt from this 1.
poem? Give two lessons
2.

15 Based on the poem, state one word that best


describes Mr Nobody?

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LIST OF ANSWERS
A. the damp wood will not burn properly and will produce a lot of smoke
B. irresponsible
C. We must not blame others for our mistakes
D. When nobody is looking
E. Mr Nobody is invisible
F. We should be responsible to keep our home clean, neat and tidy

SET 4
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
16 What does the poem tell us to do?

17 What are the negative behaviour of Mr 1. 3.


Nobody? 2. 4.
18 Where should we put our boots when we
come into the house?
19 What does the phrase Who had them last
but he mean?
20 What does the phrase in everybodys
house refer to?

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. untidy
B. On the shoe rack
C. We should admit our mistake and take the responsibility
D. uncaring
E Mr Nobody makes a mess everywhere
F. careless
G. irresponsible
H. He puts the blames on others

SET 5
N QESTION ANSWER
o
21 Why do you think Mr Nobody is blamed for
all the things that have gone wrong in the
house?
22 How can you relate Mr Nobody to yourself?

23 Would you admit a mischief that you have


made? Give a reason
24 What kind of person is Mr Nobody? Give a
reason
25 What is the poem about?

LIST OF ANSWERS

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A. Because people do not want to admit that they have made a mistake or are careless.
B. Mr Nobody is an untidy person because he likes to leave his things everywhere and does not
clean his house
C. The poem is about the mischief in us when we were young that we blame others for our
wrongdoings
D. Yes because I do not want others to be blamed for my wrongdoing
E. Sometimes I do not admit my wrongdoing just like Mr Nobody and put the blame on my
brother or sister.

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PT3 POEM : HEIR CONDITIONING

TASK 1
FIND A WORD IN THE POEM
No MEANING WORD
1 lack of knowledge i_________________
2 preparation to acquire a desired condition c_______________
3 quick flapping movements f_______________
4 person who inherits h_______________
5 things that are needed in our daily life n_______________
6 exchange information c_______________
7 agitated/annoyed f_______________
8 new devices/machines/tools i_______________
9 severe damage d______________
10 small, narrow rivers s______________

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TASK 2
IDENTIFY THE SPEAKERS OF STATEMENTS
STATEMENT SPEAKER
Grandparents/Grandchild
1. Life must be hard without modern gadgets

2. The use of modern inventions has caused problems like


pollution and traffic jams
3.The destruction of forests, streams and hills has affected the
quality of life
4. Money has become so important.

TASK 3
CATEGORISE ELEMENTS IN THE POEM
NATURAL MAN-MADE

LIST OF ANSWERS
air cons faxes stress streams
modern inventions telephones traffic jams hills
paper fans pollution forests nature

TASK 4
IDENTIFY THE GENERATION
ADJECTIVE GENERATION
Younger/Older
1. relaxed
2. spiritual
3. polluted
4. caring
5. materialistic
6. hurried
7. peaceful
8. virtuous
9. hectic
10. tranquil

TASK 5
IDENTIFY THE GENERATION

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LIFESTYLE GENERATION
Younger/Older
1. Houses are equipped with alarms and security systems
2. Maids are depended on to do all the chores
3. Children attend tuition classes
4. Extended families live under one roof
5. Neighbours keep to themselves
6. Doors of houses were left open
7. Neighbours interact with each other
8. Children prefer to play indoor games in their own homes
9. All family members do household chores
10. Grandparents live separately

TASK 6
SET 1
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
1 What does the title of the poem suggest?

2 How does the younger generation treat


nature?
3 State two inventions in stanza one that the 1.
grandchild may not be able to live without 2.
4 How did grandma keep herself cool in the
past?
5 How did the grandparents live?

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. Air conditioners
B. She used paper fans
C. The changes on how the young generation thinks
D. Telephones
E. They lived without modern technologies
F. The young generation treats nature with no respect

SET 2
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
6 State four negative effects that did not exist 1.
in the past 2.
3.
4.
7 Which line in the poem refers to the modern
generation who only cares about money?
8 What does the child want to know?

9 What does the phrase fluttered with paper


fans tell you about time?
10 What do the grandparents mean when they
say our ignorance?

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LIST OF ANSWERS
A. money is your new God
B. traffic jams
C. It shows the time without modern inventions
D. He wants to know how the grandparents lived without modern facilities
E. stress
F. Their lack of knowledge to invent modern conveniences
G. pollution
H. destruction of forest

SET 3
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
11 What does the phrase money is your God
tells us about the present generation?
12 How was life different for the grand dad?

13 State four negative consequence of modern 1.


living 2.
3.
4.
14 Which modern invention has led to traffic
jams in the modern world?
15 Based on the poem, what do grandparents
think about life in the present day?
LIST OF ANSWERS
A. pollution
B. vehicles
C. They lived in a simple life free from pollution and stress
D. traffic jam
E. the present generation is materialistic
F. destruction of forest
G. stress
H. They think that life is full of problems

SET 4
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
16 What the grandchild think of his
grandparents life?
17 In the phrase Grandchild we lived before
your age, what does we refer to?
18 What does the phrase now nature fears you
means?
19 What was used before air conditioners were
invented?
20 What is the poem about?

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LIST OF ANSWERS
A. The nature has been destroyed by the young generation
B. Paper fans
C. The grandparents
D. The difference in life in the present and in the past
E. He thinks that the grandparents lead a difficult life

SET 5
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
21 Has the current generation become more
materialistic? Give a reason.
22 Do you agree that the child has a better life?
Give a reason.
23 In your opinion, is life better now or in the
past? Give a reason.
24 The grandparents mention that the young
generation places more importance on
something other than God. What is it?
25 What does the phrase was it hard staying
alive in the poem imply?

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. Life is better in the past because now, we are more stressful with work and environmental
problems
B. Yes, because the younger generation cares more for gadgets and things rather than nature
and the environment
C. Money
D. The grandchild thinks that life was difficult without modern inventions
E. Yes, because the child has a comfortable life with modern inventions

SET 6
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
26 Which era would you prefer to live in, the
grandparents or the grandchilds era? Why?
27 If you were the grandfather, what advice
would you give your grandchild?
28 Do you think the grandchilds reliance on
modern inventions is good? Give a reason
29 How would the persona feel if there were no
air conditioners?
30 Name a moral value that you have learnt and

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how it affects your environment.

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. I would prefer to live in the grandchilds era because I cannot live without my handphone
B. No because the young generation would forget to enjoy the beauty of nature
C. To preserve forest and stop polluting the environment
D. We should take care and appreciate nature because development destroys the environment
E. The persona would feel very hot and uncomfortable

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PT3 POEM: I WONDER

TASK 1
FIND A WORD IN THE POEM
No MEANING WORD
1 clustering of water droplets c_______________
2 a directed movement of air w_______________
3 light and soft f________________
4 take a break from any activity r________________
5 a place where a bird lays its eggs n________________
6 cannot be found m_______________
7 fade away b____________ o_____
8 think something that is unsure w_______________

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TASK 2
FINDING OBJECT IN POEM
COUPLET ADJECTIVE OBJECT
1 green
1 invisible
2 chirpy
3 round
4 shining
4 flashing
6 colourful
6 fluffy

TASK 3
IDENTIFY OBJECTS THAT YOU CAN SEE, TOUCH, FEEL
WHAT CAN YOU SEE? WHAT CAN YOU FEEL WITHOUT SEEING?
1. g________________
2. b________________ 1. w______________
3. n________________ 2. amazed
4. t________________ 3. disappointed
5. m_______________ 4. wonder
6. s_______________ 5. curious
7. l________________ 6. puzzled
8. r________________ WHAT CAN YOU TOUCH?
9. s________________
10. c_______________ 1. g______________
11. Dad 2. b______________
12. colours 3. n______________
13. shapes 4. t______________

TASK 4
FIND A PHRASE IN THE POEM
N MEANING PHRASE / LINE
o
1 it is not a full moon
2 The part of the moon which cannot be seen
3 The stars cannot be seen during the day
4 the trees taking a break from the wind
5 Dad does not answer the personas questions

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. blow out
B. the moon is not quite round
C. And told the trees to take a rest
D. the missing bit
E. That Dad wont tell me, if he knows?

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TASK 5
SET 1
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
1 How do we know that the wind exists?

2 What does Dad in this poem symbolise?

3 How do we describe the persona who likes to


ask many questions?
4 What does the persona want to know about
the moon?
5 What does the word fluffy tells us about
clouds?

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. A wise adult who is supposed to know all answers
B. Why the moon sometimes is not round
C. The persona is an observant, inquisitive and fascinated with nature
D. The clouds are soft and light like cotton
E. We can feel the air

SET 2
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
6 Why are the trees resting?

7 What does the persona want to know about


the stars?
8 What does the word wonder imply?

9 Give two reasons why Dad does not answer 1.


the personas questions 2.
10 What is described as invisible?

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. The persona is curious about nature
B. Dad might not know the answers
C. The wind
D. Who makes the stars shining
E. The persona is too young to understand
F. because the trees cannot move unless they are blown by the wind

SET 3
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
6 Which aspect of the grass fascinates the
persona?
7 What happen to the trees when they take a
rest?

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8 Why are the stars said to be blown out?

9 What can we learn from the poem? 1.

2.

10 Do you think she gets the answers from her


father? Give your reason.

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. The stars are not twinkling in the sky
B. The colour
C. No, because her father does not know the answers to her questions
D. The trees stand still
E. We should be curious about our environment
F. We should ask questions when we do not know the answer.

SET 4
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
6 Why do you think the father does not answer
the child? Give a reason
7 How would you feel if your questions are not
answered?
8 What would you do to get the answers?

9 Do you think the persona is a smart person?


Give a reason
10 In this poem, who do you think is the
persona?

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. I would be disappointed.
B. Yes, because the persona is curious to know why things are the way they are
C. The persona is a child
D. because he does not know the answer and he is afraid to give a wrong answer
E. I would find the answers from the internet

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81
PT3 POEM: A FIGHTERS LINES

TASK 1
FIND A WORD IN THE POEM
No MEANING WORD
1 tired w____________
2 battle f____________
3 courageous b____________
4 fairness j_____________
5 obstacle c____________
6 lies, corruption d____________
7 talk s____________
8 build e____________
9 broken down in spirit c____________
10 hardship s____________
11 forefather a____________
12 remains r____________
13 disabled c____________
14 successors h____________
15 power s____________
16 an act of giving up something valuable s____________
TASK 2
FIND A PHRASE IN THE POEM
N MEANING PHRASE
o
1 get together and be united

2 young generation who inherit freedom from the


forefathers
3 young people

4 the poet will spend the rest of his life in a


wheelchair as he is wounded and crippled
5 the persona is weak and powerless

6 nobody will listen to an old mans plea as he is


weak and powerless
7 aged and tired

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. sons of our ancestors
B. remnants of my crippled years
C. heirs of our freedom
D. old and worn
E. form ranks
F. lost all my strength
G. have no more voice

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TASK 3
FIND A LINE / LINESPHRASE IN THE POEM
N MEANING LINE / LINES
o
1 The persona has lost the use of his leg

2 The persona finds the present time too difficult

3 The persona is elderly and weak

4 The persona is asking the young generation to


speak up for justice
5 The persona is unhappy about the lies being
spread by irresponsible people
6 Many soldiers have died for the country

7 Challenges faced by the country now are too


much for the persona to bear
8 Young generation to work together

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. I am old and worn
and have lost all my strength
B. from the wheelchair of the rest of my days
C. these times are too big a challenge
D. the net of deceit spread everywhere
disturbs me
E. forced sacrifices
that know no name
F. these times are too big a challenge
G. It is you now who should speak
H. Wake up and form ranks
sons of our ancestors

TASK 4
COMPLETE THE TASK
Find two phrases in the poem to address the 1. _________________________________
young people 2. _________________________________

What are the expressions in the poem that created 1. _________________________________


the image of an old weak man? 2. _________________________________
3. _________________________________
4. _________________________________

Name three things the persona wants the young He wants them to
generation to do. 1. be u_____________
2. be b_____________
3. protect and fight for the countrys
i ________________

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j________________
f________________

What have you learned from the poem? 1. Be l___________ to the nation.
2. Maintain peace, f____________ and
harmony.
3. Be u___________ and b____________
to fight and protect the countrys
i______________ and f_____________
What are the themes of the poem? 1. L to ones nation
2. U among people
3, B____________ and courage
4. Patriotism
6. What are the moral values found in the poem? 1. Everyone is responsible for the countrys
i_____________, f________________ and
j_____________
2. The young generation should be
u______________ and b_______________
to protect and for the countrys
independence, freedom and justice

TASK 5
SET 1
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
1 Who is the poet talking to when he says you
in stanza 4?
2 What war the persona fight in?

3 How does the persona feel about his


country?
4 In stanza two, what is the persona worried
about?
5 Which line in the poem suggests that we
inherit our freedom from our ancestors?
.
LIST OF ANSWERS
A. The deceits like corruption, cheating and injustice have spread in the country
B. The persona is very patriotic and loves his country
C. The young generation who has inherited the countrys freedom fought by the old generation
D. War of independence
E. Stand up heirs of our freedom

SET 2
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
6 Why are the younger generation called
heirs?
7 Why is the persona so disturbed?

8 What was the personas occupation?

84
9 Why does the persona say I have no more
voice?
10 What does the phrase a wall symbolise?

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. He was a soldier
B. He is old and weak to continue fighting for his country
C. Nobody will listen to an old, crippled man
D. People are united
E. They inherited the countrys freedom

SET 3
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
11 What does the persona hope for?

12 Why is the persona wheel-chair bound?

13 What is the physical condition of the


persona?
14 What had the persona done for the country?

15 What special quality must young people


have?

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. The young generation would be brave and united to fight for the countrys independence,
freedom and justice
B. He is crippled / handicapped
C. They must be courageous
D. He had fought for the countrys independence
E. He was badly injured during the war

SET 4
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
16 What is the persona upset about?

17 What caused the persona to become


crippled?
18 What happened to all those people who had
fought for independence?
19 What does the persona want the young
people of today to do?
20 The persona has not lost his spirit despite his
age and condition. Why?

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. The fight for independence
B. They had lost their lives

85
C, He does not want to see the sacrifices he made go to waste
D. He wants the young people to be united and brave to fight for justice and freedom of the
country
E. He was too weak to fight for his country

SET 5
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
21 Give one phrase that shows that the persona
is not a young person.
22 Why did the persona have to sacrifice so
much?
23 What does the phrase fight for
independence tell us about the persona?

24 Identify two phrases that reflect the disability 1.


of the persona.
2.

25 How can the people form a wall?

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. He had to fight for independence of his country
B. from the wheelchair
C. They must be united
D. remnants of my crippled years
E. He was a soldier protecting the country
F. I am old and worn

SET 6
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
26 If you are the old warrior, what would you
feel about your sacrifice for the todays
society? Give a reason
27 Would you fight for your country? Why?

28 Why is the new threat happening in the


country?
29 Which line suggests that the poet will spend
the rest of his life as a disabled person?
30 Why is the persona feeling tired?

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. Yes, because I love my country and I want to preserve the harmony and freedom of my
country.
B. for the remnants of my crippled years
C. People are selfish, materialistic and devoid of morality
D. I would feel proud because todays society is able to live in harmony
E. He has no more energy and is suffering due to his injury

86
87
PT3 POEM: LEISURE

TASK 1
FIND A WORD IN THE POEM
No MEANING WORD
1 free time l____________
2 responsibilities/worries c____________
3 females of bulls c____________
4 look with admiration s____________
5 small rivers s____________
6 branches of trees b____________
7 improve e____________
8 jungles/forest w____________
9 a quick look g____________
10 daytime d____________
11 underneath b____________
12 dull/boring life p____________ life
13 rodents s____________

TASK 2
COMPLETE THE TASK
1. ______________
Name three animals mentioned in this poem 2. ______________
3. ______________
1. ______________
Name four natural elements in this poem 2. ______________
3. ______________
4. ______________
List two things the Beauty can do d_______________
s_______________
1. to stand _________ a tree and admire the
List things Man has no time to do today surroundings.
2. to observe _________ hiding their __________
in the tall grass.
3. to admire the beauty of _________ shimmering
like __________ in daylight.
4. to appreciate simple ___________ in life and
enjoy the beauty of __________.

TASK 3
FIND A PHRASE IN THE POEM
N MEANING PHRASE
o
1 Full of worries and responsibilities

2 Life is meaningless

3 The persona regrets not to take time off to

88
appreciate nature
4 relax

5 Life is meaningless if we lack the time to relax and


enjoy nature

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. poor life
B. A poor life this if, full of care
C. full of care
D. stand and stare
E. No time to see

TASK 4
SET 1
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
1 Where do squirrels hide their food?

2 Where is the poem set?

3 What is the problem stated by the poet in the


first stanza?
4 Why do waters sparkle like stars?

5 What might we see when we are passing


through the woods?

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. We have no time to look at the things around us
B. To see squirrels hiding their food in the grass
C. The sunlight shines on streams
D. In the grass
E. In a countryside

SET 2
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
6 When do streams shine like stars at night?

7 What can we see when we pass the woods?

8 What is personified as a beautiful woman?

9 What is the persona trying to imply about life

10 What does the poem encourage us to


appreciate?
LIST OF ANSWERS
A. Squirrels hide their nuts in the grass
B. Nature

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C. Life is meaningless because we work without taking time off to relax and enjoy nature
D. To appreciate the beauty of nature
E. During the day when the sun is shining
SET 3
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
11 What is the persona trying to tell us in this
poem about the life we live?
12 What do we miss when we do not have the
time to look at Beauty
13 How are cows and sheep different from
Man?
14 Do you think it is important to spend some
time for leisure? Give a reason
15 What can we do to make our lives more
meaningful?

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. We live a meaningless life
B. Yes because it can help you relax your mind
C. Cows and sheep live in a simple natural world. Man lives in a world full of worries.
D. We can have a balanced life between work/study and play
E. Simple pleasures in life

SET 4
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
16 What is the benefit of taking some time for
leisure? Give a reason.
17 Why does Man have no time for leisure
today?
18 How does the poet describe a life with no
time to enjoy the world around us?
19 What is the personas advice for us?

20 What are some beauties of nature we miss 1.


because we do not have time?
2.

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. To live a balanced life so that we can stay healthy
B. He feels pity as people do not take time to appreciate nature
C. We do not see squirrels hide their nuts in the grass
D. Man worries too much about life, work and family
E. We do not see streams full of stars during the day
F. To take time off and admire the beauty of nature

SET 5
N QESTION ANSWER
o

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21 In your opinion, do you think we should
spend time and relax? Why?
22 Why is the phrase no time repeated in every
stanza?
23 Where do you think would be a good place to
appreciate nature? Give a reason
24 What do the sheep and cows represent?

25 Which animal in the poem is considered as


dairy animal?

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. To stress that people do not take time off to relax and enjoy the beauty of nature
B. Yes, because we can enjoy the beauty of nature and appreciate simple pleasures in life
C. A simple life
D. Cows
E. The countryside because it still has forests, hills and unpolluted streams

SET 6
N QESTION ANSWER
o
26 What is the message of the poem?

27 In your opinion, why do you think we should


take time to appreciate the beauty of nature?
28 What does the word stare mean?

29 What do the streams look like to the poet?

30 What does the poem remind us to do?

LIST OF ANSWERS
A. The poem reminds us to spend time for leisure, stop worrying and enjoy the nature
B. Because we miss out the simple pleasures of life
C. Look around and appreciate the environment
D. Our life will be meaningless if we do not take time off to appreciate the beauty of nature
E. The streams look like a sky with sparkling stars at night

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ANSWERS QUESTION 4

Answer for practice 1

question answer mark


a) Suraya wrote that she and her best friend were not as 1 mark
close as before.
b) Tips on how to be a good friend. 1 mark
c) i) She should be honest. 1 mark
ii) She should be tactful. 1 mark
d) Talk to Rozita when she comes home in a fortnights time. 1 mark
e) i) thick as thieves 1 mark
ii) bug 1 mark
iii)put up 1 mark
iv)fortnight 1mark
f) Rozitas best friend deserves some privacy. 1 mark
g) She and her friend will become close the way they used to 1 mark
be.
h) i) Her friend may become dependent on her. 1 mark
ii)Rozita will have less time to do her own work. 1 mark
i) i) Really listen when they talk and dont interrupt. 1 mark
ii) Dont hurt them physically or emotionally even if youre 1 mark
just playing.

Answer for practise 2

Question 4

question answer Mark


(a) Both neighbours claimed that the mango tree belonged to them 1 mark
(b) i) the mango tree was on the edge of his plot of land. 1mark
ii. the branches of the tree were leaning more on his side. 1mark

(c) i. he planted the tree. 1 mark


ii. He cared for it for many years and protected it. 1 mark
(d) I think he suggested that the tree be cut because he wanted to
know which neighbour really cared for the tree. He knew that the 2 marks
person, who planted, cared and protected it, would not want it to
be cut down.
(e) i. plot of land 1 mark
ii. leaned 1 mark
iii. Pleaded 1 mark
iv. praised 1 mark
(f) He was happy because he would get a share of the mangoes on 1 mark
the tree.
(g) He praised the short man because he cared for the plant and 1 mark

92
would rather give his share of the mangoes to the tall man than to
see it cut down.
(h) Yes, I agree with the wise mans decision because the short man 2 marks
obviously cared more about the tree than his share of mangoes.
He had planted and cared for the tree for many years and could
not bear to see the tree cut down.

Answer practice 3

questio answer mark


n
a A robot is a machine designed and built by humans to do a 1 mark
certain function or task.
b. Humans invented the robots to make their lives easier. 1 mark
c. i. industrial field 1 mark
ii. space 1 mark
d. Robots work together in a system through programming via
electronics and careful planning
e. i. humanoid robots 1mark
ii. significant 1 mark
iii. machine 1mark
iv. consistent 1mark
f. Our daily lives will be easier and safer as robots are consistent 1 mark
and designed to assist our tasks.
g. ASIMO became famous due to its innovative artificial intelligence. 1 mark
h. i) reduce the chances of human errors. 1 mark
ii) reduce the running costs of hiring additional employees
I i) Elevator
ii) computer

answer for practice 4

question answer Mark


a) The village was hit by a flash flood/the village was flooded 1 mark
(idea of flood must be present)
b) Rained heavily/a downpour in the wee hours 1 mark
c) (some) 100 homes 1 mark
d) Saad Osman 1 mark
e) i) wee hours 1 mark
ii) occurrence 1 mark
iii) gushing in 1 mark
iv) burst its banks 1 mark
f) No deaths/no injuries 1 mark
(idea of death or injury must be present)
g) Development projects (nearby)/(new) construction 1 mark

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work(done in higher ground)
h) Sad/depressed/unhappy/scared/afraid/traumatized/frightene 1 mark
d
(the idea of sadness must be present)
i) Give donations/clothes/ food/water/any other answers which 1 mark
is relevant to the question
j) Do not litter/good drainage system/do not pollute the 1 mark
river/good irrigation system/any other answers

Question 4

QUESTION ANSWER MARK


a) 22 November 1958 1 mark
b) (Torquay), England 1 mark
c) Her marriage to Sultan Iskandar / She married a Malay 1 mark
(Muslim/ Malaysian).
d) i. He attended / replaced his father the conferences of 1 mark
rulers
ii. He meets his people / subjects through Kembara 1 mark
Mahkota
e) i)ethnicity 1 mark
ii)To mingle 1 mark
iii)appointed 1 mark
iv)coronated 1 mark
f) . 5 years 1 mark
g) through Kembara Mahkota 1 mark
h) In 1982 1 mark
i) Because it was the coronation day of Sultan Ibrahim of 1 mark
Johor.
j) Accept any relevant / logical answer 1 mark

ANSWERS THE RIVER

TASK 1

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WORD IN POEM
No MEANING WORD
1 a person who likes to keep things hoarder
2 annoyed vexed
3 makes low, bubbly sounds girgles
4 a person who moves from place to place for better places nomad
5 a homeless person who begs from place to place tramp
6 ate quickly gobbled
7 a person/thing that turns winder
8 a person who moves from place to place wanderer
9 sings with lips closed hums
10 puts into the ground buries
11 sounds that are repeated echo
12 areas outside cities and towns countryside
13 valuable things treasures

TASK 2
CHARACTERISCTICS OF A RIVER
N CHARACTERISITCS STANZA
o
1 a wanderer
2 a nomad
3 a tramp STANZA 1
4 does not choose one place
5 a winder
6 twists and turns STANZA 2
7 cannot be still
8 a hoarder
9 buries and keeps treasures in the river bed STANZA 3
10 a baby
11 gurgles and hums STANZA 4
12 sucks his thumbs
13 a singer
14 dances along STANZA 5
15 a monster
16 hungry and vexed
17 has gobbled up trees STANZA 6
18 will swallow humans

TASK 3
WORD IN THE POEM RELATED TO NATURE & MAN

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NATURE MAN
.
river wanderer
valley nomad
hill tramp
countryside winder
trees hoarder
baby
singer
dancer
monster

TASK 5
NUMBER THE STANZA FOR EACH DESCRIPTION

The river produces a The river is like a hungry The river is like a homeless
harmonious sound. As he creature that greedily man, who wonders aimlessly
moves gracefully along, he swallows up and destroys the from place to place and does
makes music and this can be trees in its way, and he may not have a permanent home
heard from a distance get you too someday
throughout the countryside

STANZA 5 STANZA 6 STANZA 1

The river is like an infant, who The river collects things as it The river is not straight. It
makes happy baby noises moves along and bits and bends and meanders as it
and sounds, like he is sucking pieces sink to the bottom and flows from the highland to the
his thumbs happily settles on the river bed lowland. It does not stop
flowing

STANZA 4 STANZA 3 STANZA 2

TASK 6
MEANING OF LINE
N MEANING LINE
o
1 the sound of the flowing river water B. The notes of his song

2 the river is constantly moving A. The Rivers a wanderer

3 the river is restless C. He just cannot be still

4 the river travels to many places D. He just cannot be still

TASK 7

96
SET 1
N QESTION ANSWER
o
1 What does the countryside echo? D. the sound of the river

2 What is the main theme of this poem? E. the different characteristics of rivers

3 Why is the river being compared to a C. it makes musical sounds


singer?
4 Which comparison tells us that the B. Monster
river can be irritated?
5 Why is The River a winder? A. He winds through valleys and hills

SET 2
N QESTION ANSWER
o
6 Why is The River a wanderer, a C. The river does not settle in one place
nomad and a tramp?
7 What can we learn from this poem? 1. B. We should appreciate rivers
2. F. We should keep the rivers clean
8 What is The River actually doing E. covering the things with mud and sand
when people throw away things?
9 In what way is the river like a baby? A. it sounds happy just like a baby

10 Why is the river being called a D. It is raging and violent


Monster?

SET 3
N QESTION ANSWER
o
11 Where is The River burying those B. at the river bed
treasures?
12 What treasures do you think the river E. mineral
has buried?
13 Where does the river go? A. The river goes anywhere it wants to go

14 What is the poem about? C. The persona tells different aspects of a


river

15 In stanza 5, whose personality does D. A singer


the river take on?

SET 4
N QESTION ANSWER
o
16 In stanza 5, which word describes the B. dances
movement of the river?
17 What does the phrase He doesnt A. The river does not remain in one place
choose one place tell us about the river?

97
18 Give two words from the poem that D. hungry
describe the River is a monster? F. vexed
19 In stanza two, what is the river compared C. A winder
to?
20 Why does the persona say the River is E. It is because the river makes the sound
like a baby? like babies

SET 5
N QESTION ANSWER
o
21 State two characteristics of the river 1. A. A wanderer who does not remain in one
that the persona described place
2. E. A monster that can destroy property,
plants and even human
22 When does the river gobble up trees C. When the river overflows, it uproots trees
and swallow people? and destroys everything in its way
23 Where does the river keep its G. At the bottom of the river
treasures?
24 Why does the persona call the river a D. The river keeps anything that falls into it
hoarder?
25 Give two words that the poet uses to 1. B. turns
describe the river as a winder? 2. F. twists

TASK 8
SET 6
N QESTION ANSWER
o
26 Do you agree that the persona B. Yes, because the persona has described the
appreciates rivers? Give a reason river perfectly
27 Based on the poem, do you think the A. Yes, because the river supplies drinking
river is good? water for people
28 Do you think that the river can be C. Yes because the river can drown animals
dangerous to us? Give a reason. and people and harm the environment

ANSWERS MR NOBODY

TASK 1
WORD IN POEM
No MEANING WORD
1 naughty thing mischief
2 roller curtains binds
3 lose/misplaced mislaid
4 slightly open ajar
5 please (old word) prithee
6 silent quiet
7 broken cracked
8 rips tears
9 lose colour fade
10 open unclosed
11 wet soil/dirt mud

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12 creaking squeaking
13 putting oil on door hinges oiling
14 accidentally drops scatters
15 all around afar
16 moist damp
17 carelessly throws tosses

TASK 2
CHARACTERISTICS OF MR NOBODY
No ACTION TRAITS
1 cracking a plate A. careless
2 tearing of books C. mischievous
3 leaving door open B. forgetful
4 scattering of pins B. clumsy
5 mislaying papers C. inconsiderate
6 leaving finger marks on doors A. messy
7 leaving blinds unclosed C. negligent
8 spilling ink A. dirty
9 leaving books lying around B. untidy
10 soiling a carpet D. irresponsible

TASK 3
MISCHIEFS OF MR NOBODY
No ACTION ANSWER
1 He cracks D. the plates
2 He tears B. the books
3 He leaves A. the door ajar
4 He pulls out E. the buttons
5 He scatters C. the pins afar
5 He does not oil B. the door TASK 4
6 SET
He puts 1 wood
damp C. on the fire
N7 QUESTI
His feet ANSWER D. bring in mud
o8 ON
He soils A. the carpets
19 Why are
He mislays E. Mr B. the papers
10 the
He spills Nobody C. the ink
11 carpets walksmarks
He leaves finger into A. on the door
12 soiled the
He does not closehouse B. the blinds
13 and dirty? with
He tosses A. the papers about
14 muddy
He leaves his boots C. lying around
feet
2 Why is Mr B. He
Nobody moves
compared quietly
to a like a
mouse? mouse

3 Why does D. The


the door door is
always rusty but
squeak? nobody

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wants to
oil the
door
4 According A. No one
to the
poem,
who has
seen Mr
Nobody?
5 Where C. In
does Mr everybody
Nobody s house
do his
mischief?

SET 2
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
6 How does Mr Nobody move around? D. He moves quietly like a mouse

7 Who is Mr Nobody? E. Someone who does not admit his

8 Why must we close the binds? A. So that the curtains do not fade

9 Who is Mr Nobody compared to? B. A mouse

10 What should we do when we break a plate? C. We should admit our wrongdoing


and be responsible

SET 3
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
11 What does Theres no one ever sees his E. Mr Nobody is invisible
face imply?
12 When does this person do all the mischief? D. When nobody is looking

13 What will happen when we put damp wood A. the damp wood will not burn properly
upon a fire? and will produce a lot of smoke
14 What lessons have you learnt from this 1C. We must not blame others for our
poem? Give two lessons mistakes
2. F. We should be responsible to keep
our home clean, neat and tidy
15 Based on the poem, state one word that best B. irresponsible
describes Mr Nobody?
SET 4
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
16 What does the poem tell us to do? C. We should admit our mistake and take
the responsibility

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17 What are the negative behaviour of Mr 1. A. untidy 3. D. uncaring
Nobody? 2. F. careless 4. G. irresponsible
18 Where should we put our boots when we B. On the shoe rack
come into the house?
19 What does the phrase Who had them last H. He puts the blames on others
but he mean?
20 What does the phrase in everybodys E Mr Nobody makes a mess
house refer to? everywhere

SET 5
N QESTION ANSWER
o
21 Why do you think Mr Nobody is blamed for A. Because people do not want to admit
all the things that have gone wrong in the that they have made a mistake or are
house? careless
22 How can you relate Mr Nobody to yourself? E. Sometimes I do not admit my
wrongdoing just like Mr Nobody and put
the blame on my brother or sister
23 Would you admit a mischief that you have D. Yes because I do not want others to
made? Give a reason be blamed for my wrongdoing
24 What kind of person is Mr Nobody? Give a B. Mr Nobody is an untidy person
reason because he likes to leave his things
everywhere and does not clean his
house
25 What is the poem about? C. The poem is about the mischief in us
when we were young that we blame
others for our wrongdoings

ANSWERS HEIR CONDITIONING

TASK 1
FIND A WORD IN THE POEM
No MEANING WORD
1 lack of knowledge ignorance
2 preparation to acquire a desired condition conditioning
3 waved fluttered
4 a person who inherits heir
5 things that are needed in our daily life necessities
6 exchange information communicate
7 agitated/annoyed flustered
8 new devices/machines/tools inventions
9 severe damage destruction
10 small, narrow rivers streams

TASK 2
IDENTIFY THE SPEAKERS OF STATEMENTS
STATEMENT SPEAKER
Grandparents/Grandchild
1. Life must be hard without modern gadgets Grandchild

101
2. The use of modern inventions has caused problems like Grandparents
pollution and traffic jams
3.The destruction of forests, streams and hills has affected the Grandparents
quality of life
4. Money has become so important. Grandchild

TASK 3
CATEGORISE ELEMENTS IN THE POEM
NATURAL MAN-MADE
forests, streams, hills, nature air cons, modern inventions, paper fans,
faxes, telephones, pollution, tress, traffic
jams

TASK 4
IDENTIFY THE GENERATION
ADJECTIVE GENERATION
Younger/Older
1. relaxed Older generation
2. spiritual Older generation
3. polluted Younger generation
4. caring Older generation
5. materialistic Younger generation
6. hurried Younger generation
7. peaceful Older generation
8. virtuous Older generation
9. hectic Younger generation
10. tranquil Older generation

TASK 5
IDENTIFY THE GENERATION
LIFESTYLE GENERATION
Younger/Older
1. Houses are equipped with alarms and security systems Younger generation
2. Maids are depended on to do all the chores Younger generation
3. Children attend tuition classes Younger generation
4. Extended families live under one roof Older generation
5. Neighbours keep to themselves Younger generation
6. Doors of houses were left open Older generation
7. Neighbours interact with each other Older generation
8. Children prefer to play indoor games in their own homes Younger generation
9. All family members do household chores Older generation
10. Grandparents live separately Younger generation

TASK 6
SET 1
N QUESTION ANSWER

102
o
1 What does the title of the poem suggest? C. The changes on how the young
generation thinks
2 How does the younger generation treat F. The young generation treats nature
nature? with no respect
3 State two inventions in stanza one that the 1. Air conditioners
grandchild may not be able to live without 2. D. Telephones
4 How did grandma keep herself cool in the B. She used paper fans
past?
5 How did the grandparents live? E. They lived without modern
technologies

SET 2
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
6 State four negative effects that did not exist 1. B. traffic jams
in the past 2. E. stress
3. G. pollution
4. H. destruction of forest
7 Which line in the poem refers to the modern A. money is your new God
generation who only cares about money?
8 What does the child want to know? D. He wants to know how the
grandparents lived without modern
facilities
9 What does the phrase fluttered with paper C. It shows the time without modern
fans tell you about time? inventions
10 What do the grandparents mean when they F. Their lack of knowledge to invent
say our ignorance? modern conveniences

SET 3
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
11 What does the phrase money is your God E. the present generation is
tells us about the present generation? materialistic
12 How was life different for the grand dad? C. They lived in a simple life free from
pollution and stress
13 State four negative consequence of modern 1. A. pollution
living 2. D. traffic jam
3. F. destruction of forest
4. G. stress
14 Which modern invention has led to traffic B. vehicles
jams in the modern world?
15 Based on the poem, what do grandparents H. They think that life is full of problems
think about life in the present day?

SET 4
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
16 What the grandchild think of his E. He thinks that the grandparents lead
grandparents life? a difficult life

103
17 In the phrase Grandchild we lived before C. The grandparents
your age, what does we refer to?
18 What does the phrase now nature fears you A. The nature has been destroyed by
means? the young generation
19 What was used before air conditioners were B. Paper fans
invented?
20 What is the poem about? D. The difference in life in the present
and in the past

SET 5
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
21 Has the current generation become more B. Yes, because the younger generation
materialistic? Give a reason. cares more for gadgets and things
rather than nature and the environment
22 Do you agree that the child has a better life? E. Yes, because the child has a
Give a reason. comfortable life with modern inventions
23 In your opinion, is life better now or in the A. Life is better in the past because
past? Give a reason. now, we are more stressful with work
and environmental problems
24 The grandparents mention that the young C. Money
generation places more importance on
something other than God. What is it?
25 What does the phrase was it hard staying D. The grandchild thinks that life was
alive in the poem imply? difficult without modern inventions

SET 6
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
26 Which era would you prefer to live in, the A. I would prefer to live in the
grandparents or the grandchilds era? Why? grandchilds era because I cannot live
without my handphone
27 If you were the grandfather, what advice C. To preserve forest and stop polluting
would you give your grandchild? the environment
28 Do you think the grandchilds reliance on B. No because the young generation
modern inventions is good? Give a reason would forget to enjoy the beauty of
nature
29 How would the persona feel if there were no E. The persona would feel very hot and
air conditioners? uncomfortable
30 Name a moral value that you have learnt and D. We should take care and appreciate
how it affects your environment. nature because development destroys
the environment

ANSWERS I WONDER

TASK 1
FIND A WORD IN THE POEM
No MEANING WORD
1 clustering of water droplets clouds

104
2 a directed movement of air wind
3 light and soft fluffy
4 take a break from any activity rest
5 a place where a bird lays its eggs nest
6 cannot be found missing
7 fade away blow out
8 think something that is unsure wonder

TASK 2
FINDING OBJECT IN POEM
COUPLET ADJECTIVE OBJECT
1 green grass
1 invisible wind
2 chirpy birds
3 round moon
4 shining stars
4 flashing lightning
6 colourful rainbow
6 fluffy cloud

TASK 3
IDENTIFY OBJECTS THAT YOU CAN SEE, TOUCH, FEEL
WHAT CAN YOU SEE? WHAT CAN YOU FEEL WITHOUT SEEING?
1. grass
2. birds 1. wind
3. nest 2. amazed
4. trees 3. disappointed
5. moon 4. wonder
6. stars 5. curious
7. lightning 6. puzzled
8. rainbow WHAT CAN YOU TOUCH?
9. sky
10. clouds 1. grass
11. Dad 2. birds
12. colours 3. nest
13. shapes 4. trees

TASK 4
FIND A PHRASE IN THE POEM
N MEANING PHRASE / LINE
o
1 the moon is not quite round B. it is not a full moon

2 The part of the moon which cannot be seen D. the missing bit

105
3 The stars cannot be seen during the day A. blow out

4 the trees taking a break from the wind C. And told the trees to take a
rest
5 Dad does not answer the personas questions E. That Dad wont tell me, if he
knows?

TASK 5
SET 1
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
1 How do we know that the wind exists? E. We can feel the air

2 What does Dad in this poem symbolise? A. A wise adult who is supposed to
know all answers
3 How do we describe the persona who likes to C. The persona is an observant,
ask many questions? inquisitive and fascinated with nature
4 What does the persona want to know about B. Why the moon sometimes is not
the moon? round
5 What does the word fluffy tells us about D. The clouds are soft and light like
clouds? cotton

SET 2
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
6 Why are the trees resting? F. because the trees cannot move
unless they are blown by the wind
7 What does the persona want to know about D. Who makes the stars shining
the stars?
8 What does the word wonder imply? A. The persona is curious about nature

9 Give two reasons why Dad does not answer 1. B. Dad might not know the answers
the personas questions 2. E. The persona is too young to
understand
10 What is described as invisible? C. The wind

SET 3
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
6 Which aspect of the grass fascinates the B. The colour
persona?
7 What happen to the trees when they take a D. The trees stand still
rest?
8 Why are the stars said to be blown out? A. The stars are not twinkling in the sky

9 What can we learn from the poem? 1. E. We should be curious about our

106
environment
2. F. We should ask questions when we
do not know the answer
10 Do you think she gets the answers from her C. No, because her father does not
father? Give your reason. know the answers to her questions

SET 4
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
6 Why do you think the father does not answer D. because he does not know the
the child? Give a reason answer and he is afraid to give a wrong
answer
7 How would you feel if your questions are not A. I would be disappointed.
answered?
8 What would you do to get the answers? E. I would find the answers from the
internet
9 Do you think the persona is a smart person? B. Yes, because the persona is curious
Give a reason to know why things are the way they are
10 In this poem, who do you think is the C. The persona is a child
persona?

ANSWERS A FIGHTERS LINE


TASK 1
FIND A WORD IN THE POEM
No MEANING WORD
1 tired worn
2 battle fight
3 courageous brave
4 fairness justice
5 obstacle challenge
6 lies, corruption deceit
7 talk speak
8 build erect
9 broken down in spirit crushed
10 hardship suffering
11 forefather ancestor
12 remains remnants
13 disabled crippled
14 successors heirs
15 power strength
16 acts of giving up something valuable sacrifices
TASK 2
FIND A PHRASE IN THE POEM
N MEANING PHRASE
o
1 get together and be united form ranks

107
2 young generation who inherit freedom from the heirs of our freedom
forefathers
3 young people sons of our ancestors

4 the poet will spend the rest of his life in a remnants of my crippled years
wheelchair as he is wounded and crippled
5 the persona is weak and powerless lost all my strength

6 nobody will listen to an old mans plea as he is have no more voice


weak and powerless
7 aged and tired old and worn

TASK 3
FIND A LINE / LINESPHRASE IN THE POEM
N MEANING LINE / LINES
o
1 The persona has lost the use of his leg from the wheelchair of the rest of my
days
2 Challenges faced by the country now are too these times are too big a challenge
much for the persona to bear
3 The persona is elderly and weak I am old and worn
and have lost all my strength
4 The persona is asking the young generation to It is you now who should speak
speak up for justice
5 The persona is unhappy about the lies being the net of deceit spread everywhere
spread by irresponsible people disturbs me
6 Many soldiers have died for the country forced sacrifices
that know no name
7 Young generation to work together Wake up and form ranks
sons of our ancestors

TASK 4
COMPLETE THE TASK
Find two phrases in the poem to address the 1. sons of our freedom
young people 2. heirs of our freedom
What are the expressions in the poem that created 1.I am old and worn
the image of an old weak man? 2.and have lost all my strength
3. I, body and energy crushed
4. see and cannot do much
Name three things the persona wants the young He wants them to
generation to do. 1. be united
2. be brave
3. protect and fight for the countrys
independence
justice
freedom
What have you learned from the poem? 1. Be loyal to the nation.
2. Maintain peace, freedom and harmony.
3. Be united and brave to fight and protect

108
the countrys independence and freedom.

What are the themes of the poem? 1. Loyalty to ones nation


2. United among people
3, Bravery and courage
4. Patriotism
6. What are the moral values found in the poem? 1. Everyone is responsible for the countrys
independence, freedom and justice
2. The young generation should be united
and brave to protect and for the countrys
independence, freedom and justice

TASK 5
SET 1
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
1 Who is the poet talking to when he says you C. The young generation who has
in stanza 4? inherited the countrys freedom fought
by the old generation
2 What war the persona fight in? D. War of independence

3 How does the persona feel about his B. The persona is very patriotic and
country? loves his country
4 In stanza two, what is the persona worried A. The deceits like corruption, cheating
about? and injustice have spread in the country
5 Which line in the poem suggests that we E. Stand up heirs of our freedom
inherit our freedom from our ancestors?

SET 2
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
6 Why are the younger generation called E. They inherited the countrys freedom
heirs?
7 Why is the persona so disturbed? B. He is old and weak to continue
fighting for his country
8 What was the personas occupation? A. He was a soldier

9 Why does the persona say I have no more C. Nobody will listen to an old, crippled
voice? man
10 What does the phrase a wall symbolise? A. He was a soldier

SET 3
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
11 What does the persona hope for? A. The young generation would be
brave and united to fight for the
countrys independence, freedom and
justice
12 Why is the persona wheel-chair bound? E. He was badly injured during the war

13 What is the physical condition of the B. He is crippled / handicapped

109
persona?
14 What had the persona done for the country? D. He had fought for the countrys
independence
15 What special quality must young people C. They must be courageous
have?

SET 4
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
16 What is the persona upset about? E. He was too weak to fight for his
country
17 What caused the persona to become A. The fight for independence
crippled?
18 What happened to all those people who had B. They had lost their lives
fought for independence?
19 What does the persona want the young D. He wants the young people to be
people of today to do? united and brave to fight for justice and
freedom of the country
20 The persona has not lost his spirit despite his C, He does not want to see the
age and condition. Why? sacrifices he made go to waste

SET 5
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
21 Give one phrase that shows that the persona F. I am old and worn
is not a young person.
22 Why did the persona have to sacrifice so A. He had to fight for independence of
much? his country
23 What does the phrase fight for E. He was a soldier protecting the
independence tell us about the persona? country
24 Identify two phrases that reflect the disability 1. B. from the wheelchair
of the persona. 2. D. remnants of my crippled years
25 How can the people form a wall? C. They must be united

SET 6
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
26 If you are the old warrior, what would you D. I would feel proud because todays
feel about your sacrifice for the todays society is able to live in harmony
society? Give a reason
27 Would you fight for your country? Why? A. Yes, because I love my country and I
want to preserve the harmony and
freedom of my country.
28 Why is the new threat happening in the C. People are selfish, materialistic and
country? devoid of morality
29 Which line suggests that the poet will spend B. for the remnants of my crippled
the rest of his life as a disabled person? years
30 Why is the persona feeling tired? E. He has no more energy and is
suffering due to his injury

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ANSWERS - LEISURE

TASK 1
FIND A WORD IN THE POEM
No MEANING WORD
1 free time leisure
2 responsibilities/worries care
3 females of bulls cows
4 look with admiration stare
5 small rivers streams
6 branches of trees boughs
7 improve enhance
8 jungles/forest woods
9 a quick look glance
10 daytime daylight
11 underneath beneath
12 dull/boring life poor life
13 rodents squirrels

TASK 2
COMPLETE THE TASK
1. sheep
Name three animals mentioned in this poem 2. cows
3. squirrels
1. woods
Name four natural elements in this poem 2. streams
3. stars
4. grass
List two things the Beauty can do dance
smile
1. to stand beneath a tree and admire the
List things Man has no time to do today surroundings.
2. to observe squirrels hiding their nuts in the tall
grass.
3. to admire the beauty of streams shimmering
like stars in daylight.
4. to appreciate simple pleasures in life and enjoy
the beauty of nature.

TASK 3
FIND A PHRASE IN THE POEM
N MEANING PHRASE
o
1 Full of worries and responsibilities C. full of care

111
2 Life is meaningless A. poor life

3 The persona regrets not to take time off to E. No time to see


appreciate nature
4 relax D. stand and stare

5 Life is meaningless if we lack the time to relax and B. A poor life this if, full of care
enjoy nature

TASK 4
SET 1
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
1 Where do squirrels hide their food? D. In the grass

2 Where is the poem set? E. In a countryside

3 What is the problem stated by the poet in the A. We have no time to look at the things
first stanza? around us
4 Why do waters sparkle like stars? C. The sunlight shines on streams

5 What might we see when we are passing B. To see squirrels hiding their food in
through the woods? the grass

SET 2
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
6 When do streams shine like stars at night? E. During the day when the sun is
shining
7 What can we see when we pass the woods? A. Squirrels hide their nuts in the grass

8 What is personified as a beautiful woman? B. Nature

9 What is the persona trying to imply about life C. Life is meaningless because we work
without taking time off to relax and
enjoy nature
10 What does the poem encourage us to D. To appreciate the beauty of nature
appreciate?

SET 3
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
11 What is the persona trying to tell us in this A. We live a meaningless life
poem about the life we live?
12 What do we miss when we do not have the E. Simple pleasures in life
time to look at Beauty
13 How are cows and sheep different from C. Cows and sheep live in a simple
Man? natural world. Man lives in a world full
of worries.
14 Do you think it is important to spend some B. Yes because it can help you relax

112
time for leisure? Give a reason your mind
15 What can we do to make our lives more D. We can have a balanced life between
meaningful? work/study and play

SET 4
N QUESTION ANSWER
o
16 What is the benefit of taking some time for A. To live a balanced life so that we can
leisure? Give a reason. stay healthy
17 Why does Man have no time for leisure D. Man worries too much about life,
today? work and family
18 How does the poet describe a life with no B. He feels pity as people do not take
time to enjoy the world around us? time to appreciate nature
19 What is the personas advice for us? F. To take time off and admire the
beauty of nature
20 What are some beauties of nature we miss 1. C. We do not see squirrels hide their
because we do not have time? nuts in the grass
2.E. We do not see streams full of stars
during the day

SET 5
N QESTION ANSWER
o
21 In your opinion, do you think we should B. Yes, because we can enjoy the
spend time and relax? Why? beauty of nature and appreciate simple
pleasures in life
22 Why is the phrase no time repeated in every A. To stress that people do not take
stanza? time off to relax and enjoy the beauty of
nature
23 Where do you think would be a good place to E. The countryside because it still has
appreciate nature? Give a reason forests, hills and unpolluted streams
24 What do the sheep and cows represent? C. A simple life

25 Which animal in the poem is considered as D. Cows


dairy animal?

SET 6
N QESTION ANSWER
o
26 What is the message of the poem? D. Our life will be meaningless if we do
not take time off to appreciate the
beauty of nature
27 In your opinion, why do you think we should B. Because we miss out the simple
take time to appreciate the beauty of nature? pleasures of life
28 What does the word stare mean? C. Look around and appreciate the
environment
29 What do the streams look like to the poet? E. The streams look like a sky with
sparkling stars at night
30 What does the poem remind us to do? A. The poem reminds us to spend time

113
SECTION D
for leisure, stop worrying and enjoy the
nature

Guided Writing
Literature Response

SECTION D
GUIDED WRITING
NOVELS AROUND THE

WORLD IN 80 DAYS & THE


RAIWAY CHILDREN

114
115
GUIDED WRITING

INFORMAL LETTER (NOTES)

Before writing a letter, we need to plan and ask ourselves these questions. These questions
are based on the 5WH and 1H questions.
Where the recipient live?
When are you writing this letter?
Who are you writing to?
What is the letter about?
Why are you writing the letter?
How is the recipient doing?

Always consider:-
(a) who you are writing to
(b) what is your relationship with them
(c) The purpose of the letter

Use simple conjunctions and connectors to create flow in your paragraphs.

Then list down the main ideas and some supporting details for your letter and organise them
into the respective paragraphs.

116
OUTLINE (FORMATTED ESSAY)
INFORMAL LETTER (LAYOUT)

YOUR ADDRESS

DATE

Dear ________,
INTRODUCTION

How are you and your family? I hope you and your family are in good health. My
family and I are fine here. I want to inform / tell you about .................................

CONTENT 1

CONTENT 2

CONTENT 3

CLOSURE

That is all for now. I have to end this letter. I hope you can reply my letter soon.
Send my regards to your family. Take care. Bye.

Yours sincerely/faithfully
(Signature)

117
MODEL ESSAY 1
Your brother spends too much time on the Internet and has done badly in his PT3 Trial
Examination. Your mother has asked you to write a letter advising him how to divide his
time wisely

DON'Ts
Stay Up Late - Chat Internet
Too Much - Time - Online games

DOs
Have A Timetable - Study - Surf Internet
Use Internet - Gain Knowledge

When writing your essay:


use all the words and phrases provided
elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting
add any other relevant information
write between 120 and 150 words.

118
322C,Taman Danau Maluri
53300 Kuala Lumpur.

26 April 2016.

Dear Vince,

How are you and your family? I hope you and your family are in good health. My family
and I are fine here. I heard that you did not do well in your recent PMR Trial Examination. So, I
am writing this letter to tell you some tips on how to divide your time wisely.

First of all, young man, don't stay up late. Don't burn your midnight oil chatting on the
Internet. Go to bed early. Our body needs at least 8 to 10 hours of sleep every day. Enough
sleep will enable your mind to stay sharp and productive the next day.

Next, don't spend too much time playing online games. My advice is leave all your
online gaming activities until you have finished your PT3 Examination. Focus on your studies
first, you can continue playing once you have finished your examination.

Draft out a study timetable to help you manage your time wisely. On the timetable
allocate one to two hours to surf the Internet. Now, remember, the Internet contains a lot
of useful information for everyone. It can be used to gain knowledge.

Finally, join some outdoor physical activities rather than just being laze around in the
house in front of your computer the whole day. Play football or badminton with your friends in
the evenings. Physical activities help keep your body and mind healthy. You need a healthy
body and mind to do well in your PT3 Examination.

That is all for now. I have to end this letter. I hope you will take my advice and mend your
ways Send my regards to your family. Take care. Bye.

Yours sincerely,
Bernice Gabriel

119
MODEL ESSAY 2
Your friend has been spending most of his time playing computer games instead of
studying. Write a letter to your friend and tell him the importance of focusing on his
studies. Use the notes below to guide you.

We can succeed in life


Important to find out where our interests lie
Narrow the field of study when we go into university
Empower ourselves with greater knowledge and wisdom.

When writing your essay:


use all the words and phrases provided
elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting
add any other relevant information
write between 120 and 150 words.

120
45, Jalan Kolam,
Taman Indah Jaya,
90800 Sandakan,
Sabah.

26 April 2016.

Dear James,

How are you and your family? I hope you and your family are in good health. My family
and I are fine here. John has told me that you are spending a lot of your time on the computer
playing games instead of studying. So, I am writing this letter to inform you the importance of
focusing on your studies.

Our parents work hard to send us to school and buy a computer for us hoping it would
help our studies. Furthermore, they hope to provide us with the best so we can succeed in life.
James, you need to start focusing on your studies.

What we learn in school is important in order to find out where our interests lie. You may
like science, mathematics or other subjects. These will narrow the field of study when we go into
university.

Think about it as you are improving yourself. Only through focusing on our studies we
can empower ourselves with greater knowledge and wisdom.

I hope you will take this seriously and start focusing on your studies.

Yours sincerely,
Michael

121
OUTLINE (FORMATTED ESSAY)
FORMAL LETTER (NOTES)

SENDER & SENDERS ADDRESS

_________________________________________________________________________

RECIPIENT & RECIPIENTS ADDRESS DATE

Dear ___________,

_________________________________________(Subject)

INTRODUCTION

CONTENT 1

CONTENT 2

CONTENT 3

CLOSURE

Thank you.

Yours faithfully,

(Signature)
................................
(NAME)
(DESIGNATION)

122
MODEL ESSAY 1
You noticed that the school drains are clogged and the grass area behind the school has
not been cut for six months. You believed that these contribute to the rise in dengue
cases in your school. Write to the school principal regarding your concern.

CAUSES
Grass behind the school are not cut for six months
Rubbish thrown are concealed by the long grass
Drains are clogged
Clogged by rubbish and dead leaves.
.

When writing your letter:


use all the words and phrases provided
ensure letter format is correct
add any other relevant information
write between 120 and 150 words.

123
Ming Ken Huat
34, Jalan Setia 2,
Taman Likas Jaya
88500 Kota Kinabalu,
Sabah.

The Principal
SMK Likas
Jalan Setia 5,
Taman Likas Jaya
88500 Kota KInabalu,
Sabah. 5 May 2016

Dear Sir,

Rise in Dengue Cases in SMK Likas

I am writing this letter to express my concern in the increasing number of dengue cases in SMK
Likas.

2. I noticed the grass behind our school have not been cut for six months. I believed that
rubbish thrown behind our school are concealed by the long grass and it proves a safe haven
for mosquitoes. Mosquitoes are becoming a nuisance to many of the students who have classes
near that area during the evening.

3. Most of the drains in SMK Likas are clogged and dirty with rubbish and dead leaves
resulting in water becoming stagnant after raining. It provides a breeding ground for mosquitoes
as there has been an increase in dengue cases in the school for the past six months. There is a
need for immediate attention to clear and unclog the drains in the school grounds.

I hope that there will be immediate action taken by the school authorities to address my
concerns and help reduce the number of dengue cases in the school.

Thank you.

Yours faithfully,
Meng Ken Huat
MENG KEN HUAT
Student Class 3A
SMK Likas.

124
MODEL ESSAY 2
The Football Club in your school wants to organise a 5-a-side football tournament. Your
school does not have a field, so you need to use the indoor courts belonging to the local
council in your area. As the secretary of the club, write a letter to the municipal council
authorities to request permission to use the courts in their hall. In your letter, mention
the following:

Name of tournament
Purpose of organising tournament
Date and time of use
Number of courts needed
Other information rental charges.

When writing your letter:


use all the words and phrases provided
ensure letter format is correct
add any other relevant information
write between 120 and 150 words.

125
Sunil Dinakara,
The Football Club
Sekolah Menengah Taman Indi,
86800 Mersing,
Johor.

The President,
The Municipal Council,
86800 Mersing,
Johor. 05 May 2016

Dear Sir,

Requesting Permission to Use the Indoor Courts


On behalf of the Football Club, I wish to request permission to use the indoor courts at the
Mersing Municipal Hall.

2. We intend to hold our annual Taman Indi 5-a-side Football Tournament for the students
of our school. The purpose of this tournament is to encourage healthy competition among the
students and to promote firm friendships.

3. We wish to use the courts from 1 June until 5 June 2016. We wish to use the courts from
2 pm till 6 pm. About 20 teams will take part in this tournament so we need to use four courts
per day.

4. Could you please let me know of the rental charges and if a special rate can be given to
students. We would also appreciate it very much if the Council could kindly sponsor drinks for
the event.

We hope to receive a favourable reply soon.

Thank you.

Yours faithfully,
Sunil
Sunil Dinakara,
Secretay
The Football Club

126
SPEECH

TITLE

Good morning to the principal, teachers and friends.

INTRODUCTION

I am the (position in the club) ___________. On this wonderful day, I am honoured


to be given a chance to deliver a speech/talk on (title of the speech) __________. I want to
tell you about.........

CONTENT 1

CONTENT 2

CONTENT 3

CONCLUSION

I hope you will find this speech useful. Thank you for listening........

127
MODEL ESSAY 1
You are the president of the Music Club in your school. You have been invited to give a
speech on the benefits of learning to play a musical instrument.

BENEFITS

Increases memory capacity


Relieves stress
Improves time management
Can be enjoyable

When writing your essay:


use all the words and notes provided
suggest two other benefits of learning to play a musical instrument
add any other relevant information
write between 120 and 150 words.

Good morning to the principal, teachers and friends. I am the President of the Music
Club. On this wonderful day, I am honoured to be given a chance to deliver a speech on the
Benefits of Learning to Play a Musical Instrument.
One of the benefits is that it helps the mind to stay alert and remain active. This will
sharpen your memory. Playing a musical instrument too can help to relieve stress. Music has
been found to ease tension.
To be a successful musician, you need to be able to manage your time well and be
organised. Playing music enables you to plan time for practice sessions in order to play better.
It can also be enjoyable to play a musical instrument. Imagine how exciting it would be to
play your favourite song on the piano or guitar! Also, if you learn how to play an instrument, it
will improve your hand-eye coordination. Your brain has to register the notes read while you are
playing a music piece.
Finally, since you learn to read music, you have to count the notes and rhythm. Thus,
this will help to improve your numeric skills. In conclusion, there are many benefits of learning a
musical instrument. It can be fun and relaxing. You will also have better memory and better
hand-eye coordination. I hope you will find this speech useful. Thank you for listening.

128
MODEL ESSAY 2
You are the best student. You have been asked to share your study methods with the Form 3
students who are about to sit for PT3 examinations. You made the following notes to help you
write your speech:

- Prepare early for exams don't do last minute


studying

- Plan answers by doing outline of mind map

- Leave some time at the end for checking answers

When writing your essay:


use all the words and notes provided
suggest two other ways of scoring well in the PT 3 examinations.
add any other relevant information
write between 120 and 150 words.

Good morning to the teachers, principal and fellow students. I'm honoured to stand here
to give a talk. As the best student in our school, I have been asked to give a speech on Smart
Study Methods.
The PT 3 examination is just around the corner. You will be stressed when the time
flies quickly. Actually, you can study smartly. First and foremost, you must prepare a timetable.
You must balance your time wisely because time is gold. You can also get help from teachers
and parents to do timetable. Make sure that your have enough time for study and recreation.
Secondly, prepare early for exams. Do revision after your teacher had taught
you something. Don't burn the midnight oil because it can lead to an unhealthy lifestyle. Try to
avoid studying overnight. Next, you can plan answers by doing outline of mind maps. A mind
map can help you in writing an essay. You can expand your idea by doing outline and mind
maps.
Sleep before exam day. Don't get stressed and tired, always try to keep your mind clear
for exams. Don't rush to answer questions. Use the time provided wisely to answer them.
Leave some time for checking your answers. Make sure you don't make any careless mistakes.
In conclusion, I hope these study methods will be of a great help to you in preparation for
your PMR examination. I hope all of you will get flying colours in your PMR examination.
Thank you for your kind attention.

129
ARTICLE (NOTES)

An article is written in formal language and usually found in magazines, newsletter and
newspapers. These pieces are usually short and straight to the point.

When writing an article always consider:-


(a) The purpose of the article
(b) Know your intended reader
(c) Research on the selected topic
(d) Write details that are relevant.

Articles can range from personal experience of an event, product and service to informative
pieces.

OUTLINE (FORMATTED ESSAY)


ARTICLE (LAYOUT)

TITLE

INTRODUCTION

CONTENT 1

CONTENT 2

CONTENT 3

CONCLUSION

Written by:

(NAME)
(DESIGNATION)

130
MODEL ESSAY 1
In conjunction with the World Health Month, you have been asked to write an article for
your newsletter. Use the notes given to write your article entitled How to Live a Happy
Life.
-eat healthy exercise everyday routine eat less sweet salty food stay away
junk food healthy snack nuts and seeds running and jogging walk more stairs
walk briskly garden.

-shop wisely plan meals shopping for food shouldnt shop hungry rules not
buy much food read nutritional information food labels aware eating.

When writing your article:


use all the words and notes provided
suggest two other ways to live a happy life.
add any other relevant information
write between 120 and 150 words.

How to Live a Happy Life

Everyone wishes for a long and happy life. There are several tips to help you achieve
your goal. The first tip is to eat healthily and include exercise in your everyday routine. You
should eat less sweet or salty food and stay away from junk food. Choose a healthy snack such
as nuts and seeds. Besides running and jogging for exercise, walk more whenever you can.
Use the stairs instead of the lift or get down one stop earlier and walk to your destination.
Another tip is to learn to shop wisely. Plan your meals before shopping for food. You also
should not shop for food when you are hungry as you will be tempted to buy more food than you
actually need. While shopping, make time to read the nutritional information on the food labels
so you are aware of what you are eating.
One more tip to help you towards your goal of a long and happy life is to get enough
sleep. Sleep at least eight hours every day. You will be in a better mood when you are well
rested. A good mood will keep you happy and rejuvenated.
Then last tip I would like to leave you with is to indulge in healthy and fun outdoor
activities with your family and friends. Enjoying fun activities keeps you spirits up. This is an
important ingredient as it will help you tackle life problems with a positive attitude.

Written by:

131
Mohd. Khairil
MODEL ESSAY 2
The picture shows an accident you witnessed on your way to school.
Based on the pictures given, write about the incident in your school magazine.

When writing your article:


use all the words and notes provided
describe what happened and express what you felt
suggest two ways on road safety.
write between 120 and 150 words

An Accident I witnessed

Last Monday morning, I decided to walk to school rather than to cycle there. The distance to
school from my house is just a stone's throw away. As I lazily dragged myself to school. Suddenly, as fast
as lightning, a group of boys whizzed pass me on their bicycles. They were racing with each other.

Unfortunately, one of the boys hit a big rock by the road side and fell down hard onto the road.
He was the last one in the group. Unaware, his friends just kept racing on. I was shocked at what I saw
and quickly ran to help him.

To my surprise, it was Kamal, my friend. His right arm and right leg were bleeding and he could not
move his right arm. Furthermore, It gave him an excruciating pain when he tried to move it. His friends
rode back to see what had happened. Luckily, a good Samaritan stopped his car and took him to the
hospital. Later in the evening, his friends and I paid him a visit at the hospital. He was still in pain but he
managed to joke about his experience with us. He deeply regretted his actions and vowed never to race
again.

Road safety is very important. Therefore, we must take it seriously. We must never race while cycling
on the road, we must always cycle on the opposite side of the road and always wear protective gear
when cycling. As the saying goes, prevention is better than cure.

Written by,
Mohd.Ali

132
REPORT WRITING

1. A report gives information about something.


2. The format

Title Title of the report


Introduction Paragraph What is the report?
When did it happen?
Who were involved/joined in the
activity?
1st Body Paragraph 1st activity you did
2nd Body Paragraph 2nd activity you did
3rd Body Paragraph 3r activity you did
Conclusion Paragraph How did you end your activity?
Ending You must have these:
a) Prepared by,/Reported by,
b) Signature
c) Name in brackets ()
d) Post - * optional

3. When writing your report, you should


use formal language
use the Past Tense verb forms
have a title and at least 4 paragraphs
have an appropriate ending
4. Mind map of a report

The place How you felt about the


trip/ visit/activity
Report:

A trip/ a visit/ an activity

The people you What you saw,


went with
What you did
The day and time you The reason you went
went there there

MODEL REPORT WRITING 1

You and some friends went to the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) to do
volunteer work. Using the notes below, write a report for your magazine on what you did there.

133
Use the notes below to write your report:

arrive SPCA morning


bathe animals
clean animal cages
feed animals
play fun animals happy
talk visitors help choose pet

When writing your report, you must

use all the notes given


elaborate on the notes given to make it more interesting
write between 120 150 words

134
MODEL ANSWER REPORT WRITING 1

Report on a Visit to Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals


Title
(SPCA)
Last weekend, my friends and I went to the Society for the The day and time
Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) to do volunteer work there. you went there
We arrived at the SPCA at about eight in the morning. We were very The people you
excited about helping the animals as well as the people who worked went with
there. The place
The staff at the SPCA took us around so that we could look at
Activity 1 :
the place and the animals that were there. They explained to us about
What you saw
how the SPCA helped animals. After that, they suggested some work
and did there
we could do while we were there.
We went to the cages where the cats and dogs were kept.
Most of the animals were well behaved. We took the animals one by
one out of the cages and bathed them. Some of the animals did not Activity 2:
like being bathed but we were gentle with them. After we had bathed What you saw
them, we cleaned out the animals cages. This work was not easy as it and did there
was smelly too. After that, we had to feed the animals. We filled the
animals food and water bowls and placed them in the cages.
When we had finished all the work, we played with the animals
Activity 3
for a while. It was fun and the animals were happy. Later, some
What you saw
people came to visit. We talked to the visitors and helped them
and did there
choose the right animals as pets.
We had a wonderful time volunteering at the SPCA. We not How you felt
only helped out but we also learnt about how the animals were looked What you have
after. We will be going again to volunteer at the SPCA. learnt
What is your
hope/plan
Prepared by,
Saliza
Ending
(SALIZA MOHD SALLEH)
Secretary of English Language Society

(904 words)

135
MODEL REPORT WRITING 2

The pictures below describe a gotong-royong that was held by the Nature Society members of
your school. The aim of the project was to clean up the school compound. Using the pictures
and notes given, write a report on the gotong-royong.

When writing your report, you must

describe what you saw and what you did


elaborate on the notes to make it more interesting
write between 120 150 words

136
MODEL ANSWER REPORT WRITING 2

Report on Gotong-royong' at SMK Tunku Jalil

Last Saturday, the members of the Nature Society held a gotong-royong at our school.
The aim of the project was to clean up the school compound. The gotong-royong began at
eight oclock in the morning.

Some of the students cleared up the rubbish left around in the school compound. Other
students set to work: clearing and washing the drains.

A number of students had brought lawn mowers and began mowing the grass on the
school field. Others set to work on the gardens weeding and trimming the bushes and clearing
away all dead leaves and branches. The school was soon beginning to look better.

Several students also washed the dusty window of the classrooms, staffrooms,
laboratories and the school office. A few students decided to do something about the school
gate that had peeling paint and was beginning to rust in some places. They scraped away the
old paint and gave the gate a new coat of white paint.

By the time the gotong-royong ended, the students were worn out, but the school was
spick and span. They gathered in the school canteen for refreshments provided by the teachers.

If we want to keep our school looking beautiful, we must all do our part. We have to keep
the school compound clean by not littering.

(222 words)

137
Exercise 1

Your school celebrated Teachers Day. The pictures below show how the event was celebrated.

With the help of the pictures, write a report on the celebration.

When writing your report,

mention the preparations made


the events held
write between 120 150 words

138
Exercise 2

During the school holidays, the English Language Society organised a visit to Kuala Lumpur.
You have been asked by your teacher advisor to write a report on the visit.

Use the notes below to write your report:

1. KL Tower 2. KLCC Twin Tower


Bukit Nanas Majestic
421m high worlds tallest buildings
birds eye view
revolving restaurant at the Tower
Head
3. National Museum 4. Lake Garden
historical relics behind museum
Cultural Gallery life size models beautifully landscaped
depicting royal Malay wedding
5. Central Market 6. Merdeka Square
handicraft bazaar historical significance
formerly wet market Malaysian flag raised to mark

independence

When writing your report,

describe all the places


describe what you did at each place
write between 120 150 words

Prepared by,

SHARIFAH FATIMAHTULZAHARAH BINTI SYED HUSSIEN

SMK DESA CEMERLANG

LITERATURE RESPONSE

NOVEL : AROUND THE WORLD IN 80 DAYS BY JULES VERNE

PRACTICE 1
State whether the following statements are True (T) or False (F).

139
1. Phileas Fogg is a fifty-year-old poet who lives in London. ( )
2. Foggs new butler is Jean Passepartout. ( )
3. Fogg is a member of the reform club. ( )
4. Fogg agrees to go around the world to make money. ( )
5. Detective Fix is looking for the man who robbed the Bank of England. ( )
6. In India, Fogg walks into a temple with his shoes by mistake. ( )
7. Fogg saves the daughter of an Indian merchant because he wants to ( )
marry her.
8. Detective Fix hits Passepartout because he hates him. ( )
9. Fogg arrives in Liverpool but gets arrested there. ( )
10. Fogg gained a day by going east. ( )

PRACTICE 2
Write the names of the characters who said the following lines.

1. We should more our camp closer to them.That way we can see what theyre doing.
Who said it: ________________________________________________________
2. And Ive got twenty thousand pounds at the bank that Im willing to risk as well.
Who said it:_________________________________________________________
3. I think we have a chance of getting over if we push the train to its top speed. Who
said it:_________________________________________________________
4. Well get along just in time, Mr Fogg and I. This is just what i wanted! Who
said it:
5. The girl they have captured is the daughter of a wealthy merchant in Bombay. Her name is
Aouda. Who
said it:__________________________________________________________
6. Your master is a robber. He has stolen a great deal of money from the Bank of England and Ive
been sent to get it back. Who said
it:__________________________________________________________
7. Anyway, I dont see how youre going to find the man youre looking for with the description you
have of him. He could be anyone. Who said
it:__________________________________________________________
8. Now that you are rich again, would you still like to marry me? Who
said it: __________________________________________________________

PRACTICE 3

Write the correct theme for each statement in the space provided.

Determination and persistence to achieve success


Hope and optimism in the face of challenges
Love between Phileas Fogg and Aouda
The development of Philleas Foggs character
Generosity
140
1. Phileas Fogg starts off the story by sacking his butler, James Forster, for bringing his shaving
water two degrees too cold but he makes changes in his travelling plans by taking Aouda along
on his journey around the world.
__________________________________________________________
2. When faced with an incomplete railway line in India, Phileas Fogg resorts to using an elephant to
take him and his travelling companions to Allahabad, where they resume their train journey to
Calcutta.
___________________________________________________________
3. Phileas Fogg never gives up even when he misses a ships voyages or when faced with an
incomplete railway line. He is also confident that he will complete his journey around the world in
80 days.
___________________________________________________________
4. After rescuing Aouda from the bandits, Phileas Fogg begins to develop feelings for her and he is
elated when she suggests that they get married.
___________________________________________________________
5. Phileas Fogg rewards the people who help him generously- he presents Ali with an elephant and
gives $5000 to the 30 volunteer soldiers who help him to rescue Passepartout and the other train
passengers from the outlaws.
____________________________________________________________

PRACTICE 4
Rearrange the scrambled letters and write the word in the space given. All the words can be found in
Chapters 13 and 14.

1.Phileas Fogg travelled from Japan to C E A A R M I by steamer.

_______________

2.Passepartout met Fix on the steamer and P N U C E H D him on the nose.

_______________

3.When the train stopped in Ogden, the travellers explored STLA AEKL City.

141
_______ _______

4.The train was attacked by L O U W T A S and bandits armed with guns.

______________

5.Passepartout used his C C R T I O A B A skills to climb under the train and pull the safety
chain.

__________________

6.The captain asked for V T U N E E S O R L to help rescue the kidnapped train passengers.

_____________________

7.Aouda asked the train O C N T O D U C R to wait for the prisoners but he refused her plea.

_____________________

8.U M D E G was the name of the owner of the strange sled with sails.

______________________

9.Phileas Fogg kept a record of the days gained or lost by writing in his O J N A U L R.

_______________________

10.Passepartout was crushed when he realised that they had missed the steamer To
POLVIEORL .

___________________

PRACTICE 5

A. Based on the novel that you have read, explain how the setting of the story helps to
create the right mood. Support your answer with evidence from the novel.

Your response should be:


-not less than 50 words
-In continuous writing(not in note form)

B. Based on the novel, write on one of the themes.

Your response should be:


-In not less than 50 words
-In continuous writing(not in note form)

C. Based on the novel you have read, write on a relationship between two people and the
lessons you obtain from this relationship.Provide evidence from the text to support your
answer.

142
Your response should be:
-Not less than 50 words
-In continuous writing(not in note form)

NOVEL : THE RAILWAY CHILDREN BY EDITH NESBIT

The Railway Children


By Edith Nesbit

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Synopsis

The Railway Children is a heart-warming tale about a happy and contented family who
go through a rough period after their beloved father is taken away by government officials.
Apparently, their father who works for the government is unjustly imprisoned for being a spy and
selling Government secrets to another country. The children only know that their father has to go
away on business as their mother never breathes a word of what actually happened to them.
They have to leave their comfortable home in London for a little cottage in the country. They are
poor and they cannot afford coal for the fire or good food to eat. They cannot even afford to go
to school anymore so they are home-schooled. Mother writes stories to make ends meet and
when she can sell her story, they have more goodies on the table. At the country, the three
children begin a new life one that is full of adventures and one in which they learn lifes values
the difference between right and wrong. It is here that they learn to be more matured, loving,
sociable and caring. Down the hill from their new house is the railway with its shining lines
leading all the way back to London. The so-called railway children make friends with the
porters, drivers and people around them. Finally, they learn what has happened to their father.
The novel ends on a happy note when the family is reunited with the return of the father.

Setting

A home in London

Little white house in the countryside

The railway station

The railway lines

The railway tunnel

The village
Characters

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Main Character Minor Characters

1. Roberta (Bobbie) 1. Perks


2. Peter 2. The Station Master
3. Phyllis 3. Mrs Viney
4. Mother 4. Mrs Ransome
5. Father 5. Dr. Forest
6. The Old Gentleman
Themes

1. The importance of a family


2. Hope and optimism
3. The joys of childhood
4. Kindness brings rewards
5. Justice shall prevail
6. Coping with hardship
7. Resourceful and innovative
8. Bravery
9. Choices in life doing the right thing or wrong thing
Moral values

The novel teaches us to:

1. Be responsible
2. Be proud even when we are poor
3. Be benevolent and generous
4. Be helpful
5. Show our appreciation
6. Be honourable honest, doing the right thing, fair etc.
7. Be brave and courageous

Lead-on Exercises

Chapter 1

1. How was Bobbies family at the beginning of the story?

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2. What happened to their father one day?
3. How did Mother cope with the difficulties that came after Father had gone?
4. How did the children take to the sudden change?
5. How did they like their new house?
Chapter 2

1. Who is Mrs Viney?


2. How did they like their new house in the morning?
3. Where did they go to explore?
4. What made Peter curious about the coal in the station yard?
5. What did Peter do when he knew that they were too poor to even buy coal to light a fire?
Was it wrong or right of him to do that?
6. Was he punished for his misdeed?
7. What is a moral value that you learn from this incident?
Chapter 3

1. Who calls the 9.15 train to London a magic train?


2. What was the message the children send to the old gentleman?
3. What was the childrens greatest worry about receiving the help from the old gentleman?
Chapter 4

1. How does Mother react to the help given being the old gentleman?
2. What is the moral value that Mother inculcates in her children?
3. What is the theme that is shown in this chapter?
4. How do Mother and her siblings celebrate Bobbies birthday?
5. Why does Bobbie go all out to try to get Peters toy engine repaired?
Chapter 5.

1. What are some of the moral values of the children that are highlighted in this chapter of
the story?
2. Describe the incident that happens?
3. Do you think that the children deserved to get the reward? Why?
4. Why do you think that Mother is not keen that the old gentleman visits them again?
Chapter 6

1. Why do you think the children wanted to celebrate Perks birthday?

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2. How does Perks feel about the children deed?
3. What is the moral value that you can learn from this chapter?
Chapter 7

1. What is the truth that Bobbie learns from the old newspapers?
2. How does she react?
3. Who does she go to with this news and what does she learn?
4. Why does she not share this information she has learnt with her other siblings?
5. Who does she ask for help and why?
Chapter 8

1. What was the event that the boys of Maid bridge school were having?
2. What happens to the boy wearing the red shirt?
3. How do the children help the boy?
4. Who is the one who notices that Jim has not come out from the tunnel?
5. How are Jim and the old gentleman related?
6. What does the old gentleman ask Bobbies mother to do for him?
7. Why are the children considered brave and courageous in this incident?
Chapter 9

1. What was so surprising for the children when they waved at the 9.15 train passing?
2. What was special about the 11.54 train?
3. Who was the one who played a big part in reuniting the father with his family?
4. What is a moral value that you have learnt in this chapter of the story?

A. Underline the correct answer in the sentences given below

1. Peter is able to warm their house by ( finding some coal on the hill, getting Mrs
Viney to give some coal, taking the coal from the station yard)

2. Peter always takes the coal ( at the bottom, from the middle, from the top) of the
heap.

3. Peter is caught by ( the policeman, the Station Master, the porter)

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4. (Bobbie, Peter, Phyllis) explains why he/she takes the coal.

B. Match each character with the sentence that describes him /her.

Bobbie, Mrs Viney, Phyllis, Mother, Peter, Dr Forest

1. She thinks the train is a magic train and it takes their love to Father.
2. She says they are too poor to spend extravagantly.
3. He says Mother is ill and needs special food.
4. She says they need to send for the doctor.
5. She asks everyone to think hard to help Mother get well.
6. He hopes that Mother would think it is right to ask for help.

C. Underline the correct answer.

The children see rocks and parts of a hills falling over across the 1. (train /
railway line / fence). 2.(Bobbie / Peter / Phyllis) realises the 11.29 has not passed by.
3.(Bobbie / Peter / Phyllis) notes there is not enough time to inform the people at the
station. When Peter says they need something red to wave and alert the train, Phyllis
says that she and Bobbie are wearing red 4.(petticoats / hats / shirts). They make six
5.(banners / flags / bags). Two are put on the stones between the lines. The children
wave their flags by the side of the line. 6.(Bobbie / Peter / Phyllis) sees that they are
not noticed. She runs to the lines and waves. She does not move away from the line
even when the 7.(train / cart / landslide) is very near. She keeps on waving her two
flags. The train stops just twenty metres from Bobbie. For their bravery, the Northern
and Southern Railway Company rewards the children. The 8.(Mother / old gentleman
/ Station Master) is at the ceremony. They are each given a gold watch. The old
gentleman goes home with them to meet Mother. Mother tells him not to visit them
again.

D. There are ten mistakes in the paragraph below. Underline the mistake and write the
correct answers on the top.

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Peter, Bobbie and Phyllis are watching a marathon that is taking place in a

tunnel. Phyllis notices that a boy in a blue shirt has not come out. They go into

the tunnel to look even though they are afraid of the hare. It is also dangerous

as they have to press themselves against the mouth of the tunnel as a train

screams past them. They find Jim is injured with a broken arm. Phyllis stays back

with Jim while the other two go to get help. Two farm men help to carry Jim back

to school. Jims father comes to visit him. He tells Bobbie he will have good news

about the newspaper.

E. Fill in the blanks using the words from the table below to show the theme of the
book.

Imagining admits presents warns changes


Decide amuse copes making choices problems

The theme of coping and 1.___________are clearly seen in The Railway


Children. Mother makes the decision to move to the country when Father has to go
suddenly. Actually she wants to protect the children from the fact that Father has
been accused of been a spy and is jailed for five years. She 2. __________ with the
new situation bravely and tells the children they have to play being poor. The
children 3._____________ themselves watching the trains. They miss Father very
much and cope with the situation by 4.______________the train to London is
sending their love to Father. They are delighted when an old gentleman waves back
at them. They pretend he is Fathers friend and is taking their love to him.
The children cope with the 5._____________that arise the best they can. When
Peter cannot stand not being able to light a fire any more, he takes some coal in the
station yard. He is caught by the Station Master. Peter 6. __________ that it is wrong
to take things that do not belong to him. When Mother falls ill, the children are
helpless. They cannot afford to buy the special food for Mother to get well. Finally
they 7. _______________to ask the old gentleman for help. Mother tells them it is
wrong to ask strangers for help. The children feel that it is all right if they ask thing for
other people. They want to have a special birthday for Perks. They ask the people in
the village to contribute 8._______________ to Perks. They do so because they like
him.
The children have many adventures and the most exciting is preventing an
accident from happening to the 11.29 train because of a landslide. When they see a
landslide, they immediately think of a way to 9. _____________the coming train.
They make flags out of the girls petticoats. Bobbie decides to run on to the line to
wave her flags despite Peter telling her not to. This shows how brave she is. The

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Railway Children shows how the children cope with 10. ______________ in their
lives. It shows how strong and brave the children are.

Sample Question

Do you find the novel that you have read interesting? Would you recommend this to your
friends to read? Support your answer with close reference to the text.

Introduction take a The Railway Children is very interesting. E. Nesbit is able to


stand. capture my interest and I am unable to put the book down as I want to
know what happens next.
Support your stand.
There should be at The beginning of the story itself holds my attention. It begins with
least three points, the hint that there will be changes in the lives of Bobbie, Peter and
supported by Phyllis. The three children will have to live very different lives.
examples.
Point 1 The change comes because Father has to go away on business
unexpectedly. The first change is Mother goes out nearly every day.
Before this, she is always at home. She looks tired and unhappy and
tells the children not to ask questions about Father. Although Bobbie
suspects something is amiss she respects her mothers wish not to
ask any questions. Second, they move to the country and have to play
being poor. To the children it is as if the world is coming to an end.

Point 2 The children amuse themselves by watching the trains. They are
mesmerised by the trains. It seems to be like a great wild animal
going by.
The railway station is also fascinating to the children. Moreover the
children make friends with the porter and the Station Master. The train
to London becomes their messenger to take their love to father.
Phyllis calls it a magic train. The children wave at it and an old
gentleman waves back. They make another friend.
Point 3
Their adventures are connected to the railway. One exciting
incident is when they prevent a train from being derailed. Walking by
the hillside one day, the children see a landslide. Peter notes that the
11.29 has not passed by. They think hard of a way to warn the train.
The clever children cut the girls petticoats into six pieces and put
them on sticks. Their plan is to wave the flags from the side. As the
train comes very fast, Bobbie runs to the middle of the line and waves
her flag. She knows that otherwise they will not be seen and there will
be a bad accident. The train stops just twenty metres in front of
Bobbie. She is terrified.
Conclusion What makes the novel interesting to read is that the children
have a lot of adventures. The exciting things that happen makes the
book engrossing to read. Thus I would definitely recommend this book
to my friends.

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Now, try these questions.

Question 1.
Based on the novel that you have read, write about a moral lesson that you have learnt.
Support your answer with evidence from the novel.

Your response should be:


-not less than 50 words
-In continuous writing (not in note form)

Question 2.
Based on the novel that you have read, write about the part that you liked the most?
Give reasons from the novel to support your answer.

Your response should be:


-not less than 50 words
-In continuous writing (not in note form)

Question 3.
Based on the novel that you have read, write about a character that you admire. Give
reasons and support your answer with evidence from the text.

Your response should be:


-not less than 50 words
-In continuous writing (not in note form)

ANSWERS :

NOVEL AROUND THE WORLD IN 80 DAYS

PRACTICE 1

1. F
2. T
3. T
4. F
5. T
6. F
7. F
8. F
9. T
10. T

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PRACTICE 2

1.Sir Francis
2.Phileas Fogg
3.Colonel Proctor
4.Jean Passepartout
5.Ali 6.Detective
Fix 7.Mr
Stephenson 8.Aouda

PRACTICE 3

1.The development of Phileas Foggs character. 2.Determination


and persistence to achieve success. 3.Hope and optimism
in the face of challenges. 4.Love between Phileas
Fogg and Aouda. 5.Generosity.

PRACTICE 4

1.America 2.punched 3.Salt


Lake 4.outlaws 5.acrobatic
6.volunteers 7.conductor
8.Mudge 9.journal
10.Liverpool

PRACTICE 5

A) The novel that I have chosen is Around The World In 80 Days. This story is about
Phileas Fogg, a perfect gentleman who accepts a challenge to travel around the world in
80 days. He manages to win the wager with a bagful of adventures with his butler,
Passepartout. In this novel, many different countries serve as a great setting or
background to the whole story. Each country provides a different environment compared
to Foggs upper class home and the Reform Club in London, which Foggs life is
centered on in the beginning.
The different countries, with its unique cultures, people and environment offer many
adventures for Phileas Fogg and his companions to explore and experience. Phileas
Fogg remains patient and brave as he faces different challenges and obstacles in the
countries that he visits.
These countries are just the perfect settings for Phileas Fogg to show that he has
enough perseverance to be positive and not give up on winning the race around the
world in 80 days. He lands in the jungle on the way to Calcutta. Their railway track ends.
The different countries also help Phileas Fogg to discover love with Aouda as they get to
know each other as they travel around the world.

152
B) The novel that i have chosen is Around The World In 80 Days. This story is about
Phileas Fogg, a perfect gentleman who accepts a challenge to travel around the world in
80 days. He manages to win the wager with a bagful of adventures with his butler,
Passepartout. There are few themes in this novel.
One of the themes in the novel is in order to succeed, one must have perseverance
and determination. Fogg was determined to succeed despite facing many obstacles.
When Fogg first accepted the bet, he had read in the newspaper that the railway line in
India had been completed. However later he discovered that the railway line had not
been completed. Fogg decided to buy an elephant and hire a guide to continue the
journey.
Later, as they were about to board a steamer to Hong Kong, Passepartout was
arrested. Fogg paid the judge and they quickly took the next ship to Hong Kong.
When Fogg and his companions were travelling from San Francisco to New York in a
train, they were attacked by outlaws. The outlaws kidnapped Passepartout. Fogg
managed to rescue him but they missed the steamer to Liverpool. Fogg then paid a ship
captain to take them to Liverpool. They encountered bad weather and lack of coal on the
ship. Despite that,Fogg never gave up and won the bet in the end.

C) The novel that I have chosen is Around The World In 80 Days. This story is about
Phileas Fogg, a perfect gentleman who accepts a challenge to travel around the world in
80 days. He manages to win the wager with a bagful of adventures with his butler,
Passepartout. I would like to talk about the relationship between Fogg and Aouda and
the lessons that I have learnt from them.
Both Fogg and Aouda sincerely care for each other. Fogg and his friends save
Aouda from the vicious bandits. Foggs care and concern deepens when he discovers
that Aoudas family has been killed and the bandits are after her. Later he suggests that
Aouda follows him to Hong Kong as she has a cousin brother Jeejah Jeejeebhoy who
resides in Hong Kong. Fogg takes good care of her and when they reach Hong Kong, he
discovers her cousin is no more there. He gently request her to follow him to England
where she can start a new life. This clearly shows his sincerity in helping her. In return,
Foggs genuine care that makes Aouda care for him too. For example, when they are
attacked by outlaws in America, Fogg goes after them to save Passepartout and some
passengers. The conductor of the train refuses to listen to her plan to wait for them.
Aouda remains at the Fort Kearney Station. I learn from them the importance of caring
for someone genuinely. It is sheer care that bonds people together.

153
Aouda begins to trust Fogg when he saves her from the bandits. Normally, an
unmarried woman should not follow a man but she has no choice as she fears her
safety. Fogg is a perfect gentleman as he does not take advantage of her situation.
Instead, he gets her a separate cabin or room and gives her due respect as a lady. I
learn the importance of trust in a long lasting relationship especially marriage.
Finally, love is the everlasting pure feeling that binds a couple together. During the
journey around the world, they are always together. This couples love is put to test
towards the end. Fogg thinks that he has lost the wager. Aouda proposes to him at this
moment and he is taken back. He feels that he is unable to help her start a new life as
he is poor now. She insists on marrying him. This proves that she indeed loves him.
Love goes beyond the geographical boundaries, race or social economical status.
Hence, I learn the importance of love and that love keeps two humans together
regardless of their differences.

ANSWERS

NOVEL RAILWAY CHILDREN

Chapter 1

1. They were a happy family with everything that they needed.


2. He was falsely accused and taken away by government officials
3. She had to make changes; one of which was to move to the countryside to cope with the
financial difficulties.
4. They felt that the world was coming to an end.
5. They didnt like it very much especially Phyllis.
Chapter 2

1. Mrs Viney is the helper their mother had hired.


2. They thought it was much prettier than their house in London.
3. The railway station.

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4. He was curious about the white line on the top of the heap of coal in the station yard.
5. Peter decided to take some of the coal at the station yard to help their mother. It was
wrong of him to do that as it was still considered stealing.
6. No, he was not punished but given a warning for his misdeed.
7. The choice of doing the right in life.
Chapter 3

1. Phyllis.
2. That their mother was very ill and needed good nourishing food but how they could not
afford it. They asked for his help to buy them and promised to return the money when
their father or Peter could.
3. The childrens greatest worry was how their mother was going to react as they had
disobeyed her basic rule which was not to ask for strangers help.
Chapter 4

1. She is angry and disappointed.


2. Honesty and responsibility.
3. The theme that is shown in this chapter is coping with difficulties and changes in life.
4. Mother and her siblings celebrate Bobbies birthday in a simple way.
5. Bobbie does this as she knows how much Peter loves his toy steam train.
Chapter 5.

1. The moral values of the children that are highlighted in this chapter are being
resourceful, thinking out of the box, bravery, ability to think quickly of a solution &
working as a team
2. The children see a landslide that happens and covered the railway tracks so they quickly
think of a solution that is to cut their red petticoats and make them into flags to wave at
the train to stop. Unfortunately the driver does not see them so Bobbie runs on the
tracks to make herself more visible to the train driver. Fortunately he sees her and stops
twenty metres in front of her. Bobbie is terrified.
3. Yes, they do. They manage not only to save the lives of the passengers but also save
the cost of repairing the train if it had derailed/ crashed.
4. Mother is not keen that the old gentleman visits them again because she wants to live a
quiet life and is afraid that people may begin to ask questions about Father.
Chapter 6

1. They wanted to celebrate Perks birthday because he was kind to them and had not
celebrated his birthday for some time due to his commitments.
2. Perks is angry at first, then he accepts it generously.

155
3. That we must be generous and appreciate what others do for us.
Chapter 7

1. Bobbie learns that their father has been imprisoned for five years for being a spy.
2. She is shocked and disappointed.
3. She asks her mother about this news and she learns that her father was unjustly
imprisoned for being a spy.
4. She does not want to make them worried or disappointed
5. She asks the Old Gentleman for help to find the real spy and prove her fathers
innocence.
Chapter 8

1. A paper-chase.
2. He does not come out of the tunnel as he is injured.
3. They get help from the villagers to carry him to safety.
4. Peter.
5. The Old Gentleman is Jims grandfather.
6. To nurse Jim back to health.
7. They are brave in this incident because although they feared the darkness in the tunnel,
they still continued to look for Jim and helped him to safety.
Chapter 9

1. All the passengers wave back to them.


2. It was carrying their father who was going to reunite with his family
3. The Old Gentleman
4. One good turn deserves another, Justice will prevail

A 1. taking the coal from the station yard


2. from the middle
3. the Station Master
4. Peter

B 1. Phyllis
2. Mother
3. Dr. Forest
4. Mrs Viney
5. Bobbie
6. Peter

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C 1. railway lines
2. Peter
3. Bobbie
4. petticoats
5. flags
6. Bobbie
7. train
8. old gentleman

D. Peter, Bobbie and Phyllis are watching a paper-chase that is taking place in a

tunnel. Peter notices that a boy in a red shirt has not come out. They go into

the tunnel to look even though they are afraid of the darkness. It is also dangerous

as they have to press themselves against the wall of the tunnel as a train

screams past them. They find Jim is injured with a broken leg. Bobbie stays back

with Jim while the other two go to get help. Two farm men help to carry Jim back

to the childrens home. Jims grandfather comes to visit him. He tells Bobbie he will have

good news about Father.

e. 1. Making choices
2. copes
3. amuse
4. imagining
5. problems
6. admits
7. decide
8. presents
9. warn
10. changes

Suggested Answers

Question 1
Based on the novel that you have read, write about a moral lesson that you have learnt.
Support your answer with evidence from the novel.

The Railway Children is a heart-warming story about the adventures of three


children Bobbie, Peter and Phyllis and how they adapt to a new life in the country with
their mother after their father is taken away. Through these adventures of theirs, I have
learnt some moral values

157
One moral lesson I have learnt is kindness. A good example is the kindness of
the Old Gentleman. Bobbie, Peter and Phyllis miss their father very much. Mother does
not want to talk about Father and is too busy to spend much time with them. The
children amuse themselves by looking at the trains. One day, Phyllis suggests they
should wave and send their love to Father via the 9.15 train to London. One hand waves
back at them. It is the Old Gentleman. From then on, he waves at them every morning.

His kindness is seen when he generously responds to the childrens cry for help
when their mother falls ill. Dr Forest says Mother needs milk and fruits and other special
food to get well. However, Mother says they cannot afford them. The children have no
one to turn to. They write to the old gentleman. That very evening a big box of things
including many things the children do not ask for arrive.

Kindness is also seen in the three children. They organise a birthday party for
Perks, the porter. At first, they want to share their treat of cakes with Perks on his
birthday. But Peter suggests that perhaps they should involve the people in the village
too as Perks is nice to everybody. Even the rejection by Mrs Ransome does not deter
the children. They also prepare a present for Mrs Ransome since she has a birthday on
the same day too. The children are thoughtful and kind.

The Railway Children shows how kindness helps the children as they cope with
life without Father.

Question 2
Based on the novel that you have read, write about the part that you liked the most?
Give reasons from the novel to support your answer.

I liked the ending of the novel The Railway Children the most. It is full of
suspense. While reading, I kept thinking why the people on the train were waving to the
children. As far as I know, only the old gentleman used to wave at the children and not
all the passengers. Bobbie too feels that something is strange and that something was
about to happen.

The suspense becomes more intense when nobody seems to breathe a word
about it at the station. Perks conversation with Bobbie about the news in the newspaper
is interrupted by the 11.54 train steaming into the station. Only three people get out of
the train; the first is a woman with three boxes of chickens; the second, a woman with a
brown suitcase and the third, Daddy, my Daddy! cried Bobbie.

Bobbies screams goes like a knife into the hearts of everyone on the train. It is
such a joy to see Bobbie and her dad with their arms around each other. I like this part of
the novel for Father has been vindicated of the crime and the actual culprit is put behind
bars. Justice and truth has prevailed. The family is reunited as how it should have been
and everyone is happy again.

158
Apart from that I also like the ending of the story because it is good to know that
the old gentleman was like a guardian angel who was willing to stick his neck out to help
Father as he had promised Bobbie. Even though not stated, it is self-explanatory that he
did all that he could to save Father as Father says that he has to thank him. Having a
guardian angel to help in times of need is indeed a blessing.

In conclusion, the suspense, the idea of justice prevailing and pure love and care
for one another makes me like the ending of the novel.

Question 3.

Based on the novel that you have read, write about a character that you admire. Give
reasons and support your answer with evidence from the text.

I admire Bobbie very much. When Bobbie is first introduced, we see her as
someone who is observant and caring. She senses that it is bad news that Father has to
go away. She notices Mother is putting on a brave front when she talks about the move
they have to make to the country.

As the story develops, this picture of Bobbie further develops. She takes the role
of the eldest in the family seriously. When Peter is caught by the Station Master for
stealing coal, Bobbie stops Peter from saying more about their comfortable life in
London. She also stands by Peter and explains that the three of them are involved, not
just Peter alone. Bobbie also goes to ask two railway men to help mend Peters toy
engine. She sees how much he loves the toy.

My admiration of Bobbie further deepens when I see how bravely she steps in
front of the oncoming train. She knows that if they just stand by the side, the train driver
will not be able to see them. When the train stops just twenty metres in front of her,
Bobbies legs shake so much she collapses on the ground.

Bobbie is very mature despite being just twelve years old. She learns the truth
about Father from an old newspaper. I admire Bobbie for having the courage to do
something about Father. Her first thought is to keep quiet about what has happened to
Father and not tell her younger siblings about it. She knows they will be worried and
frightened. Bobbie also obeys Mother and does not talk further about it with her. Instead,
she writes to her good friend, the old gentleman, and confides in him about what has
happened to her father. When Father is released, he tells Bobbie the old gentleman is
responsible for helping to find the real culprit.

What makes Bobbie admirable is her courage and thoughtfulness. She has
certainly coped well with all the problems in their new life.

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The End
By KSGeeta/SMKPW
2016

160