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Thermal energy systems: Design and analysis

Article in Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry January 2016


DOI: 10.1007/s10973-015-5217-5x

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Abhishek Saxena
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Steven G. Penoncello: Thermal energy
systems: Design and analysis

Abhishek Saxena

Journal of Thermal Analysis and


Calorimetry
An International Forum for Thermal
Studies

ISSN 1388-6150

J Therm Anal Calorim


DOI 10.1007/s10973-015-5217-5

1 23
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1 23
Author's personal copy
J Therm Anal Calorim
DOI 10.1007/s10973-015-5217-5

Steven G. Penoncello: Thermal energy systems: Design


and analysis
CRC Press (Taylor and Francis Group), UK, 2015, 569 pp, ISBN 9781482245998

Abhishek Saxena1

Received: 7 October 2015 / Accepted: 15 December 2015


Akademiai Kiado, Budapest, Hungary 2015

courses (higher education) and professionals from indus-


tries. This book is well written and organized in a pre-
sentable form to provide an excellence in the design of
thermo-fluid systems with the basic concepts, laws, tools
and practical examples. The selection of topics is good and
provides an attentive review of basic thermal fluid engi-
neering fundamentals. It presents the engineering design
process in a practical way with especially highlighted
engineering economy concepts with optimization. It also
covers numerical and computational methodologies with
an introduction of EES software. The material inside the
book fits attractively with the kind of industrial practice for
the students after graduation. Overall, it can be said the
present book is well organized and useful for the persons
from academia and industry (i.e., for designers and
researchers).
This book also offers the elementary concepts of simu-
lation and optimization with some good approachable
techniques that can be applied to a system model. It
addresses: hydraulic systems, energy systems, thermal
Thermal fluid energy system design has a major role in the engineering concepts, principles of engineering economics,
field of engineering science and technology from an application of conservation and balance laws, fluid flow
undergraduate level course up to various research level fundamentals, series and parallel pipe networks and pump
programmes. This book offers a fundamental employed systems, pump performance and selection, cavitation, the
knowledge of design and analysis of thermal fluid energy affinity laws for pumps, heat exchangers and their types,
systems, permitting users to effectively formulate and LMTD, and e-NTU methods, regenerative HX, condensers,
optimize and examine their own design projects. This evaporators, and boilers, thermal energy system simulation,
book provides a merit in the pool of knowledge and fitting component performance data, optimization using
intelligence for undergraduate, postgraduate, research level Lagrange multipliers, optimization using software and use
of EES. In addition, it incorporates both the SI and English
units and develops state-of-the-art computer simulation.
About the book, it has total six chapters with 172 black and
& Abhishek Saxena
white illustrations (subdivided into 229 figures), 59
culturebeat94@yahoo.com
tables (subdivided into 81 tables), 55 solved examples and
1
M.I.T., Moradabad 244001, India 143 unsolved problems including 07 appendixes.

123
Author's personal copy
A. Saxena

For a brief, chapter 1 (pp. 116) deals with an intro- help of four basic steps (for the component such as shaft
duction to the thermal energy systems with some good work machines, heat exchanger and valves). The concept
examples of heating and cooling systems and selection of of an isentropic process is explained with the theory and
similar systems components for designing. A basic intro- suitable examples of turbines, compressors, pumps, fans,
duction to different types of software (generally used for nozzles and diffusers. In the next section, Exergy concept
modeling and simulation of thermal systems) such as is explained with the help of general balance equations and
REFPROP, Excel spreadsheet and F-Chart is presented exergy flow diagrams. Besides this, estimation of exergetic
well, while the EES software is considered to solve the efficiency is presented with the help of certain examples of
problems in the present book. Common unit systems used turbines, compressors, pumps and fans. Energy and exergy
in engineering analysis and their base are also offered. The analysis of thermal energy cycles is discussed in detail on
importance and definition of thermo-physical properties of the basis of energy performance parameters such as ther-
substances, viscosity, Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids mal or exergetic efficiency, heat rate and coefficient of
are discussed in an easy and understandable fashion. This performance. This chapter contains 34 figures, 07
chapter also describes the engineering design and ethics as tables and 17 examples, along with 17 unsolved problems.
per The ASME code of ethics for engineers, and it con- Chapter 4 (pp. 137236) deals with determination of
tains total of 04 figures, 02 tables and 01 example, along pressure losses in a fluid transport system based on energy
with 09 problems. conservation principles. Fluid flow fundamentals are
Chapter 2 (pp. 1748) presents a summary of the salient described with the help of piping and tubing standards, and
features of engineering economic analysis. This chap- some good examples for head loss due to friction in pipes
ter focuses on different types of costs such as initial cost of and tubes. Besides this, turbulent friction factor correla-
the components, labor costs, operating costs, maintenance tions, typical absolute roughness values and typical fluid
costs and replacement costs, within addition of inflation, friction calculations have also been presented well.
depreciation, taxes and insurance. The role of cost analysis Importance of valves (check valves and control valves) and
has been presented with its importance in an easy way, fittings (branching, reducing, expanding and deflecting) as
especially for thermal energy systems as a cost optimized an integral part of a thermal energy system involving fluid
system. Other essential terms for economic analysis such as transport is explained along with drawing symbols (for
time value of money, present worth factor and capital industrialists). Design and analysis of pipe networks and
recovery factor are explained well with the help of cash economic pipe diameter with cost analysis have explained
flow diagram. The ease of calculation through spreadsheet with the help of EES software. In next section, author
instead by using different software is also shown with a focused on the selection and classification of pumps,
few good examples. This chapter contains 19 figures, 05 dynamic pump operation and performance (with affinity
tables and 08 examples, along with 15 unsolved problems. laws), manufacturers pump curves, cavitation and the net
Chapters 3 (pp. 49136) serves some of the fundamental positive suction head, series and parallel pump configura-
concepts in thermodynamic analysis of thermal energy sys- tions with economical aspects and environmental impacts.
tems. Besides this, thermo-physical properties (include This chapter contains 45 figures, 17 tables and 17 exam-
thermodynamic and transport properties of a substance), ples, along with 35 unsolved problems.
thermodynamic properties in two-phase region, important Chapter 5 (pp. 237353) presents a detailed review of
thermodynamic properties and their relationships, conserved heat transfer mechanisms in heat exchangers. Some other
and balanced quantities, conservation of mass, conservation common phenomena such as heat transfer augmentation
of energy, entropy balance, reversible and adiabatic process with fins, forced external cross-flow over a cylindrical
have also been explained, well. Theory of evaluation of surface, turbulent flow inside a circular tube and fouling on
thermodynamic properties is provided good enough along heat exchange surfaces are presented well for a graduate
with three thermodynamic property models (commonly used level. Design, analysis and classification of heat exchang-
in thermal energy system analyses), such as ers (double pipe, shell and tube, plate and frame, and cross-
flow) are described in detail with special application heat
1. the real fluid model (discussed well with a compati-
exchangers such as counterflow regenerative heat exchan-
bility of REFROP and EES software)
ger and heat exchangers with phase change fluids (boilers,
2. the incompressible substance model
evaporators, and condensers). The use of computer soft-
3. the ideal gas model. It is important for the engineer to
ware for design and analysis of heat exchangers is dis-
understand how these three models are developed and
cussed in the last of the chapter with determination of some
when they can be used
common heat transfer terms such as heat transfer coeffi-
This chapter mainly suggests a thermal energy systems cient, heat loss coefficient, friction factor, pressure drop
analysis procedure, which is discussed properly with the and dimensionless numbers. This chapter contains 43

123
Author's personal copy
Steven G. Penoncello: Thermal energy systems: Design and analysis

figures, 20 tables and 09 examples, along with 53 unsolved software) are discussed well with the help of suitable ex-
problems. amples for better understanding of the present methods. In
In chapter 6 (pp. 355401), modern computing tech- the last, the author gave final comments regarding thermal
nology (simulation, evaluation and optimization) for ther- energy system optimization. This chapter contains 27 fig-
mal energy systems is discussed in comparison with ures, 08 tables and 03 examples, along with 14 unsolved
previous design methodologies such as lengthy hand cal- problems.
culations, graphs and plots that represent component per- Overall, this book is quite interesting and beneficial to
formance and experience. Thermal energy system its readers from academia and industries (engineering sci-
simulation is explained with an example of pump and pipe ence and technology background). The use of EES soft-
system and simulation of an air conditioner. In the next ware is presented well for thermal energy applications.
section of the chapter, advantages and pitfalls of thermal Audience of the book (undergraduate students, research
energy system simulation, thermal energy system evalua- scholars, industry professionals, etc.) and design engineers
tion and thermal energy system optimization (mathematical will find it advantageous in practice as a good reference,
statement of optimization and closed-form solution of the while undergraduate students can consider this as a text
optimization problem, method of Lagrange multipliers, book for design analysis practice and knowledge.
formulation and solution of optimization problems using

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