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-Major cultural influence came from Confucianism which is highly rational than emotional
-Korean society is vertical
-Hierarchy is strong
-Womens status is lower than mens in almost every field
-Horizontal and individualistic thinking and actions are unacceptable- Confucian ideal of giving back to
the nation

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-collectivism is prevalent in Korea
-shame is more predominant than guilt because standards for judgment of their behaviour
center around interpersonal relationships
Ex. Widows, divorced
-Koreans are generally collectivistic in the following domains: linguistic characteristics,
interpersonal behavior, emotional rules (p.42)

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-despite the alleged group-oriented tendency of the Koreans, public or common solidarity at the levels
of community or nation is a largely absent concept in Korean society

-We-ness concept