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Swift is like Kotlin

BASICS

Hello World

Swift Kotlin
print("Hello, world!") println("Hello, world!")

Variables And Constants

Swift Kotlin
var myVariable = 42 var myVariable = 42
myVariable = 50 myVariable = 50
let myConstant = 42 val myConstant = 42

Explicit Types

Swift Kotlin
let explicitDouble: Double = 70 val explicitDouble: Double = 70.0

Type Coercion

Swift Kotlin
let label = "The width is " val label = "The width is "
let width = 94 val width = 94
let widthLabel = label + String(width) val widthLabel = label + width
String Interpolation

Kotlin
apples = 3 val apples = 3
oranges = 5 val oranges = 5
fruitSummary = "I have \(apples + oranges) " + val fruitSummary = "I have ${apples + orange
"pieces of fruit." "pieces of fruit."

Range Operator

Kotlin
ames = ["Anna", "Alex", "Brian", "Jack"] val names = arrayOf("Anna", "Alex", "Brian", "J
ount = names.count val count = names.count()
in 0..<count { for (i in 0..count - 1) {
rint("Person \(i + 1) is called \(names[i]) println("Person ${i + 1} is called ${names[
}
rson 1 is called Anna // Person 1 is called Anna
rson 2 is called Alex // Person 2 is called Alex
rson 3 is called Brian // Person 3 is called Brian
rson 4 is called Jack // Person 4 is called Jack

Inclusive Range Operator

Swift Kotlin
for index in 1...5 { for (index in 1..5) {
print("\(index) times 5 is \(index * 5 println("$index times 5 is ${index * 5}")
} }
// 1 times 5 is 5 // 1 times 5 is 5
// 2 times 5 is 10 // 2 times 5 is 10
// 3 times 5 is 15 // 3 times 5 is 15
// 4 times 5 is 20 // 4 times 5 is 20
// 5 times 5 is 25 // 5 times 5 is 25
COLLECTIONS

Arrays

Swift Kotlin
var shoppingList = ["catfish", "water", val shoppingList = arrayOf("catfish", "water",
"tulips", "blue paint"] "tulips", "blue paint")
shoppingList[1] = "bottle of water" shoppingList[1] = "bottle of water"

Maps

Swift Kotlin
var occupations = [ val occupations = mutableMapOf(
"Malcolm": "Captain", "Malcolm" to "Captain",
"Kaylee": "Mechanic", "Kaylee" to "Mechanic"
] )
occupations["Jayne"] = "Public Relations" occupations["Jayne"] = "Public Relations"

Empty Collections

Swift Kotlin
let emptyArray = [String]() val emptyArray = arrayOf<String>()
let emptyDictionary = [String: Float]() val emptyMap = mapOf<String, Float>()

FUNCTIONS

Functions
Kotlin
greet(_ name: String,_ day: String) -> String { fun greet(name: String, day: String): Stri
return "Hello \(name), today is \(day)." return "Hello $name, today is $day."
}
t("Bob", "Tuesday") greet("Bob", "Tuesday")

Tuple Return

Kotlin
getGasPrices() -> (Double, Double, Double) { data class GasPrices(val a: Double, val b: Do
eturn (3.59, 3.69, 3.79) val c: Double)
fun getGasPrices() = GasPrices(3.59, 3.69, 3.

Variable Number Of Arguments

Swift Kotlin
func sumOf(_ numbers: Int...) -> Int { fun sumOf(vararg numbers: Int): Int {
var sum = 0 var sum = 0
for number in numbers { for (number in numbers) {
sum += number sum += number
} }
return sum return sum
} }
sumOf(42, 597, 12) sumOf(42, 597, 12)

// sumOf() can also be written in a shorter way:


fun sumOf(vararg numbers: Int) = numbers.sum()

Function Type

Kotlin
makeIncrementer() -> (Int -> Int) { fun makeIncrementer(): (Int) -> Int {
func addOne(number: Int) -> Int { val addOne = fun(number: Int): Int {
return 1 + number return 1 + number
} }
return addOne return addOne
}
increment = makeIncrementer() val increment = makeIncrementer()
ement(7) increment(7)

// makeIncrementer can also be written in a shorter


fun makeIncrementer() = fun(number: Int) = 1 + numbe

Map

Swift Kotlin
let numbers = [20, 19, 7, 12] val numbers = listOf(20, 19, 7, 12)
numbers.map { 3 * $0 } numbers.map { 3 * it }

Sort

Swift Kotlin
var mutableArray = [1, 5, 3, 12, 2] listOf(1, 5, 3, 12, 2).sorted()
mutableArray.sort()

Named Arguments

Swift Kotlin
func area(width: Int, height: Int) -> Int { fun area(width: Int, height: Int) = width * he
return width * height area(width = 2, height = 3)
}
area(width: 2, height: 3) // This is also possible with named arguments
area(2, height = 2)
area(height = 3, width = 2)

CLASSES
Declaration

Swift Kotlin
class Shape { class Shape {
var numberOfSides = 0 var numberOfSides = 0
func simpleDescription() -> String { fun simpleDescription() =
return "A shape with \(numberOfSides) sides." "A shape with $numberOfSides sid
} }
}

Usage

ft Kotlin
r shape = Shape() var shape = Shape()
ape.numberOfSides = 7 shape.numberOfSides = 7
r shapeDescription = shape.simpleDescription() var shapeDescription = shape.simpleDescript

Subclass

Kotlin
s NamedShape { open class NamedShape(val name: String) {
var numberOfSides: Int = 0 var numberOfSides = 0
let name: String
open fun simpleDescription() =
init(name: String) { "A shape with $numberOfSides sides
self.name = name }
}
class Square(var sideLength: BigDecimal, n
func simpleDescription() -> String { NamedShape(name) {
return "A shape with \(numberOfSides) sides." init {
} numberOfSides = 4
}

s Square: NamedShape { fun area() = sideLength.pow(2)


var sideLength: Double
override fun simpleDescription() =
init(sideLength: Double, name: String) { "A square with sides of length $si
self.sideLength = sideLength }
super.init(name: name)
self.numberOfSides = 4 val test = Square(BigDecimal("5.2"), "squa
} test.area()
test.simpleDescription()
func area() -> Double {
return sideLength * sideLength
}

override func simpleDescription() -> String {


return "A square with sides of length " +
sideLength + "."
}

test = Square(sideLength: 5.2, name: "square")


.area()
.simpleDescription()

Checking Type

Swift Kotlin
var movieCount = 0 var movieCount = 0
var songCount = 0 var songCount = 0

for item in library { for (item in library) {


if item is Movie { if (item is Movie) {
movieCount += 1 ++movieCount
} else if item is Song { } else if (item is Song) {
songCount += 1 ++songCount
} }
} }

Pattern Matching

Swift Kotlin
let nb = 42 val nb = 42
switch nb { when (nb) {
case 0...7, 8, 9: print("single digit" in 0..7, 8, 9 -> println("single digit"
case 10: print("double digits") 10 -> println("double digits")
case 11...99: print("double digits") in 11..99 -> println("double digits")
case 100...999: print("triple digits" in 100..999 -> println("triple digits"
default: print("four or more digits" else -> println("four or more digits"
} }

Downcasting
Swift Kotlin
for current in someObjects { for (current in someObjects) {
if let movie = current as? Movie if (current is Movie) {
print("Movie: '\(movie.name) println("Movie: '${current.name}', " +
"dir. \(movie.director) "dir. ${current.director}")
} }
} }

Protocol

Swift Kotlin
protocol Nameable { interface Nameable {
func name() -> String fun name(): String
} }

func f<T: Nameable>(x: T) { fun f<T: Nameable>(x: T) {


print("Name is " + x.name()) println("Name is " + x.name())
} }

Extensions

Kotlin
ion Double { val Double.km: Double get() = this * 1000
r km: Double { return self * 1_000.0 } val Double.m: Double get() = this
r m: Double { return self } val Double.cm: Double get() = this / 100
r cm: Double { return self / 100.0 } val Double.mm: Double get() = this / 1000
r mm: Double { return self / 1_000.0 } val Double.ft: Double get() = this / 3.28084
r ft: Double { return self / 3.28084 }
val oneInch = 25.4.mm
eInch = 25.4.mm println("One inch is $oneInch meters")
"One inch is \(oneInch) meters") // prints "One inch is 0.0254 meters"
nts "One inch is 0.0254 meters" val threeFeet = 3.0.ft
reeFeet = 3.ft println("Three feet is $threeFeet meters")
"Three feet is \(threeFeet) meters") // prints "Three feet is 0.914399970739201 m
nts "Three feet is 0.914399970739201 meters"