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R: Numeric Versions


numeric_version {base} R Documentation

Numeric Versions


A simple S3 class for representing numeric versions including package versions, and associated


numeric_version(x, strict = TRUE)

package_version(x, strict = TRUE)
R_system_version(x, strict = TRUE)


a character vector with suitable numeric version strings (see Details); for
package_version, alternatively an R version object as obtained by R.version.

a logical indicating whether invalid numeric versions should results in an error (default)
or not.


Numeric versions are sequences of one or more non-negative integers, usually (e.g., in package
DESCRIPTION files) represented as character strings with the elements of the sequence
concatenated and separated by single . or - characters. R package versions consist of at least two
such integers, an R system version of exactly three (major, minor and patchlevel).

Functions numeric_version, package_version and R_system_version create a representation

from such strings (if suitable) which allows for coercion and testing, combination, comparison,
summaries (min/max), inclusion in data frames, subscripting, and printing. The classes can hold a
vector of such representations.

getRversion returns the version of the running R as an R system version object.

The [[ operator extracts or replaces a single version. To access the integers of a version use two
indices: see the examples.

See Also

compareVersion; packageVersion for the version of a specific R package. R.version etc for the
version of R (and the information underlying getRversion()).


x <- package_version(c("1.2-4", "1.2-3", "2.1"))

x < "1.4-2.3"

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R: Numeric Versions

c(min(x), max(x))
x[2, 2]

if(getRversion() <= "2.5.0") { ## work around missing feature

cat("Your version of R, ", as.character(getRversion()),
", is outdated.\n",
"Now trying to work around that ...\n", sep = "")

x[[c(1, 3)]] # '4' as a numeric vector, same as x[1, 3]

x[1, 3] # 4 as an integer
x[[2, 3]] <- 0 # zero the patchlevel
x[[c(2, 3)]] <- 0 # same
x[[3]] <- "2.2.3"; x
x <- c(x, package_version("0.0"))[4] <- TRUE
stopifnot(identical(, c(rep(FALSE,3), TRUE)),

[Package base version 3.4.1 Index]

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