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NDE Equipment Calibration

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Rev No Prepared by/Date Reviewed by/Date Approved by/Date
1.0 Scope

1.1 This procedure describes the requirements of calibration of NDE equipment.

1.2 This procedure covers the following NDE equipment:

1.2.1 Densitometer
1.2.2 Ultrasonic Flaw Detector
1.2.3 Electromagnetic Yoke

2.0 References

2.1 ASME Code Sec. III, Div.1, NB/NC/ND/NF Latest Edition and Addenda
2.2 ASME Code Sec. V, Art.2, 4 and 7- Latest Edition and Addenda
2.3 SNT TC-1A Code Adopted Edition

3.0 Personnel Qualification

3.1 The calibration & verification described in this procedure shall be performed by NDE
examiner certified as Level II or Level III in respective methods in accordance with NDE
Personnel Qualification and Certification Procedure (Document No. QTP-12) which meets
the requirements of SNT-TC-1A Code Adopted Edition, as modified in NX-5520.

4.0 Calibration For Densitometer

4.1 Calibration Period


The densitometer shall be calibrated as described in Para.4.3 when:

--- at acceptance on delivery, or


--- following repair, or
--- at least every 90 days

4.2 Verification Period


Periodic calibration verification checks shall be performed as described in Para.4.3 at the
beginning of each shift, after 8 hours of continuous use, or after change of apertures,
whichever comes first.

4.3 Requirements

4.3.1 A national standard step tablet or a step wedge calibration film, traceable to a national
standard step tablet and having at least 5 steps with neutral densities from at least 1.0
though 4.0 shall be used. The step wedge calibration film shall have been verified within the
last year by comparison with a national standard step tablet unless, prior to first use, it was
maintained in the original light-tight and waterproof sealed package as supplied by the
manufacturer. Step wedge calibration films may be used without verification for one year
upon opening, provided it is within the manufacturers stated shelf life.

4.3.2 The densitometer is acceptable if the density reading do not vary by more than 0.05
density units from the actual density stated on the national standard step tablet or step
wedge calibration film.

4.4 Method

4.4.1 Allow minimum of 30 min. warm up time (or manufactures recommendations) to stabilize
circuitry before starting the calibration.

4.4.2 Adjust the 0 reading of the densitometer after this warm-up period.

4.4.3 The density steps closest to 1.0, 2.0 , 3.0 and 4.0 on the national standard step tablet
wedge calibration film shall be read.

4.5 Documentation

4.5.1 Densitometers
Densitometer calibrations required by Para.4.1 shall be documented, but actual readings
for each step do not have to be recorded. Periodic densitometer verification checks
required by Para.4.2 do no have to be documented.

4.5.2 Step Wedge Calibration Films


Step wedge calibration film verifications required by Para.4.3.1 shall be documented, but
the actual readings for each step do not have to be recorded.

5.0 Calibration For Ultrasonic Flaw Detector

5.1 Calibration Period


The screen height linearity and amplitude control linearity of ultrasonic flaw detector shall
be checked when:

--- at acceptance on delivery, or


--- following repair, or
--- at least every three months for analog type instruments and one year for digital type
instrument , or
--- whenever the accuracy of the gage is suspected.
5.2 Checking method and requirement of screen height linearity
Position an angle beam search unit on a calibration block, as shown in Fig.1 so that
indications from both the 1/2 and 3/4T holes give a 2:1 ratio of amplitudes between the two
indicationsand adjust the sensitivity (gain) so that the larger indication is set at 80% of full
screen height (FSH). Without moving the search unit, adjust from 100% to 20% of full
screen height, in 10% increments (or 2dB steps if a fine control is not available), and read
the smaller indication at each setting. The reading shall be 50% of the larger amplitude,
within 5% of FSH. The settings and readings shall be estimated to nearest 1% of full
screen. Alternatively, a straight beam search unit may be used on any calibration block that
provides amplitude differences, with sufficient signal separation to prevent overlapping of
the two signals.

80

40

2 4 6 8 10


Fig.1 LINEARITY

1-1

5.3 Checking method and requirement of amplitude control linearity


Position an angle beam search unit on a basic calibration block, as shown in Fig.1 so that
the indication from1/2T side-drilled hole is peaked on the screen. Adjust the sensitivity
(gain) as shown in the following table. The indication shall fall within the specified limits.
Alternatively, any other convenient reflector from any calibration block may be used with
angle or straight beam search units.

The settings and readings shall be estimated to the nearest 1% of full screen

Indication Set at Indication Limits


dB Control Change
% of Full Screen % of Full Screen
80% -6dB 32-48%

80% -12dB 16-24%

40% +6dB 64-96%

20% +12dB 64-96%

6.0 Calibration For Electromagnetic Yoke

6.1 The lifting power of electromagnetic yokes shall be checked when:


--- at acceptance on delivery, or
--- following repair, or
--- at least once a year, or
--- whenever the lifting power of yokes is suspected.

6.2 Checking requirements

6.2.1 Each alternating current electromagnetic yoke shall have a lifting power of at least 4.5kg at
the maximum pole spacing that will be used.

6.2.2 Each direct current electromagnetic yoke shall have a lifting power of at least 18kg at the
maximum pole spacing that will be used.

6.2.3 Each weight shall be weighed with a scale by MT Level II personnel and stenciled with the
applicable nominal weight prior to first use. A weight need only be verified again if damaged
in a manner that could have caused potential loss of material.

7.0 Calibration Records

The NDE Level II personnel shall perform the calibration and record the results in the
related forms (Exhibit 1, Exhibit 2, Exhibit 3) shown in Exhibit for each instrument and
attach a Calibration Label to the calibrated instrument to identify the calibration status after
the record has been approved by the NDE Level III.

8.0 Exhibits

Exhibit 1 Periodic Calibration Record of Densitometer (PCRD), Form No.: NQR 314
Exhibit 2 Calibration Record of UT Equipment (CRUE), Form No.: NQR 315
Exhibit 3 Calibration Record of Electromagnetic Yoke (CREY), Form No.: NQR 316
Exhibit 1
Exhibit 2
Exhibit 3