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Reservoir Fluid Study

for

OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA

Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3

RFL 06089

The analyses, opinions or interpretations in this report are based on observations and material supplied
by the client to whom, and for whose exclusive and confidential use, this report is made. The
interpretations or opinions expressed represent the best judgement of Core Laboratories Venezuela,
S.A. (all errors and omissions excepted); but Core Laboratories Venezuela, S.A. and its officers and
employees assume no responsibility and make no warranty or representations as to the productivity,
proper operation or profitability of any oil, gas or any other mineral well formation in connection with
which such report is used or relied upon.

Core Laboratories
Cra 39 Nro. 168-52, Bogot, Colombia
Tel: +57 (1) 6740400 Fax: +57 (1) 6730060 Web: http://www.corelab.com
Core Laboratories
Cra. 39 Nro. 168-52
Bogot, Colombia
Tel: 57 1 6740400
Web: http://www.corelab.com

August 16, 2006

Occidental de Colombia.
Bogota, Colombia.

Attention : Eng. Aldo Caliz

Subject: Reservoir Fluid Study


Well: Caricare-2
Formation: K3
Interval: 10724'-10730' ; 10734'-10739' ; 10750'-10754'
File: 0603089

Dear Sirs.:

Two bottomhole samples from the subject well were collected on May 22nd of 2006 by Core
Laboratories representatives and delivered to our fluid laboratory in Bogot for use in the
performance of a Reservoir Fluid Study. The samples were transported to the laboratory
whereupon sample validation and analysis commenced.

Preliminary results were reported during the execution of the study and the final report is
presented in the following pages.

It has been a pleasure to perform this study for Occidental de Colombia. Should any
questions arise or if we may be of further service in any way, please do not hesitate to
contact us.

Sincerely,
CORE LABORATORIES VENEZUELA, S.A.

David McEvoy
Manager
Reservoir Fluids Laboratory
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Table of Contents

Section A - Summary of PVT Methods and Data Page


Summary of analysis methods........................................................................................ A.1-A.3
Summary of PVT data..................................................................................................... A.4

Section B - Summary of Samples Received and Validation Data


Well information............................................................................................................... B.1
Summary of samples received ....................................................................................... B.2

Section C - Compositional Analysis of Bottomhole Fluid Sample to C36+


Compositional analysis of bottomhole fluid sample to C36+........................................... C.1-C.2

Section D - Constant Composition Expansion


Constant composition expansion at 238 F..................................................................... D.1-D.2
Graphs from constant composition expansion at 238 F................................................ D.3
Partial constant composition expansion at 120 F.......................................................... D.4-D.5
Partial constant composition expansion at 86 F............................................................ D.6-D.7
Partial constant composition expansion at laboratory ambient temperature (67 F)....... D.8-D.9

Section E - Differential Vaporization


Differential vaporization data........................................................................................... E.1
Graphs from differential vaporization data....................................................................... E.2
Differential vaporization data converted to surface separator conditions........................ E.3-E.4

Section F - Bottomhole Fluid Viscosity Data


Bottomhole fluid viscosity data........................................................................................ F.1
Graph from bottomhole fluid viscosity data..................................................................... F.2

Section G - Separator Test Data


Separator test 1............................................................................................................... G.1
Compositional analysis of gas sample from separator test 1.......................................... G.2
Separator test 2............................................................................................................... G.3
Compositional analysis of gas sample from separator test 2.......................................... G.4

Section H - Appendix

Data used in gas compositional calculations................................................................... H.1


Data used in liquid compositional calculations................................................................ H.2

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Section A - Summary of PVT Analysis Methods and Data

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Summary of Analysis Methods

Sample Validation
The bubble point pressure at ambient temperature and free water content of each bottomhole
sample were determined as initial quality checks. From this quality control, the measured bubble
point pressures of the samples showed good agreement with one another and very little free water
was measured.

Heat Treatment
The selected bottomhole fluid sample was heated to 200F prior to subsampling for laboratory tests
to avoid potential wax deposition problems.

Pressurized Fluid Composition


Approximately 30 cc of pressurized fluid was flashed to atmospheric pressure at 120 F and
separated into gas and oil phase. The evolved gas and residual liquid were analyzed separately,
using gas-liquid chromatography and recombined on a weight basis to produce a C36+ weight
percent composition.

Gas Compositions
Gas composition were measured using a "one shot" Varian 3800 gas analyzer using GPA 2286
method. The gas chromatograph utilizes 3 columns to clearly identify all of the eluted components
from N2, CO2 and C1 through C11+.

The chromatograph is calibrated weekly using air and synthetic hydrocarbon gas with a known
composition. The resultant calibration data is checked statistically against previous calibrations
prior to performing analyses on unknown samples.

Liquid Composition
Residual/stocktank liquid composition were measured using a Varian 3400 chromatograph. The
gas chromatograph utilizes a cold on column, "sandwich injection" technique to ensure that a
representative sample is injected and swept onto the column. The sample is run twice; first the
original fluid and then fluid spiked with n-tetradecane. This allows the laboratory to take into
account any heavy end (C36+) losses that may have occurred during the chromatographic run, and
make an accurate correction prior to reporting the liquid composition. The data obtained from the
gas chromatograph is in weight %. Calculations to mole% and the plus fractions properties are
described later.

The chromatograph for liquid samples is checked daily, using a gravimetric n-paraffin mix
containing a range of pure components from C8 through C36 and a synthetic gas-oil mix (D2887)
with known composition. The resultant calibration data is checked statistically against previous
calibrations prior to performing analyses on unknown samples.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories A.1
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Summary of Analysis Methods (Continuation)

Calculation of Mole% Compositions and Plus Fraction Properties


The residue or stocktank liquid whole sample molecular weight and density are measured using a
cryscope and a PAAR densitometer respectively.

The mole% data is calculated using GPSA mole weight and density data, where individual
components are identified, from carbon dioxide through decanes. Katz and Firoozabadi data are
used from undecanes through pentatriacontanes. The residue mole weight and density values are
calculated so that the pseudo average mole weight and density are the same as the measured
values. This can lead to anomalous residue mole weights and densities where the Katz and
Firoozabadi values may not be suitable for the isomer groups detected.

Other alternatives are to use an assumed C36+ molecular weight and density value, use a linear
extrapolation technique for components from C10 to C35 to calculate the C36+ properties or to
utilise distillation analysis to produce a C11+, C20+ or C36+ residual oil fraction and physically
measure the molecular weight and density.

Constant Composition Expansion


A portion of the bottomhole fluid sample was charged to a high pressure visual cell at ambient
laboratory temperature . A partial constant composition expansion was carried out during which
the bubble point pressure at ambient temperature was determined. This process was repeated for
temperatures of 86F and 120F and finally the sample was thermally expanded to the reservoir
temperature for the complete constant composition expansion test. Pressure-volume data for the
single phase and two phase fluid were also determined. The density of the single phase fluid was
determined by weighing measured volumes pumped from the cell at 5000 psig. Density data for
other pressures were calculated using the volumetric data.

Differential Vaporization
This was carried out in a high pressure visual cell, at reservoir temperature. At several pressure
stages below the observed saturation pressure, the sample was stabilized. The gases evolved
were then pumped out of the cell and its volume, compressibility and gravities were determined.
The final stage was carried out at atmospheric pressure when the residual liquid was pumped out of
the cell and its volume, density and molecular weight were measured.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories A.2
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Summary of Analysis Methods (Continuation)

Reservoir Fluid Viscosity


Live-oil viscosity was measured in an electromagnetic viscometer at reservoir temperature.
Viscosity determinations were carried out over a wide range of pressures from above the reservoir
pressure to atmospheric pressure.

The measurements were repeated at each pressure stage until five or more results agreed to within
0.5%. The densities, obtained from the constant composition expansion and differential
vaporization tests, were used in the calculation of viscosities in centipoise.

Separator Tests
Finally, two single-stage separator tests were carried out using a pressurized test separator cell. A
portion of the bottomhole fluid sample, at a pressure above saturation pressure, was pumped into
the separator cell and stabilized at the pressure and temperature required for the first stage
separation. The gas evolved was pumped out of the cell and the volume and composition were
determined. The final stage was carried out at atmospheric pressure and separator temperature
and the density of the residual liquid was determined.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories A.3
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Summary of PVT Data

Constant Composition Expansion at Laboratory Ambient Temperature (67 F)


Saturation pressure (bubble-point) 330 psig
Constant Composition Expansion at 86 F
Saturation pressure (bubble-point) 347 psig
Constant Composition Expansion at 120 F
Saturation pressure (bubble-point) 369 psig
Constant Composition Expansion at 238 F
Saturation pressure (bubble-point) 458 psig

Average single phase compressibility 7.60 x 10 -6 psi-1


(From 4246 psig to 458 psig)

Thermal expansion at 5000 psig 1.1136 vol / vol


(Vol at 238F)/(Vol at 60F)
Differential Vaporization at 238 F
Solution gas-oil ratio at saturation pressure 94 scf/bbl of residual oil at 60F

Relative oil volume at saturation pressure 1.140 vol / vol of residual oil at 60F

Density at saturation pressure 0.7842 g cm-3


Bottomhole Fluid Viscosity at 238 F
Viscosity at reservoir pressure 1.710 centipoise at 4246 psig

Viscosity at saturation pressure 1.221 centipoise at 458 psig


Separator Test Data
Pressure Temperature Formation Volume Total Solution Stocktank Oil
(psig) (F) Factor Gas-oil ratio Density at 60 F
(Bl sat/bbl) (scf/bbl) (g cm-3)

Test 1
458 238 1.130 82

60 200
0 200 0.8669

Test 2
458 238 1.131 83

30 200
0 200 0.8669

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories A.4
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Section B - Summary of Samples Received and Validation Data

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Reported Well and Sampling Information

Reservoir and Well Information

Field......................................................................... Caricare
Well.......................................................................... Caricare-2
Reservoir Fluid......................................................... Black Oil

Formation................................................................. K3
Current Reservoir Pressure .................................... 4260.48 psia
Reservoir Temperature............................................ 237.6 F

Installation................................................................ *
DST.......................................................................... *
Perforated Interval .................................................. 10724'-10730'
10734'-10739'
10750'-10754'

Sampling Information

Date sampled........................................................... 22-May-06


Time sampled ......................................................... 4:10 PM
Type of samples....................................................... Bottomhole
Sampling company.................................................. Core Laboratories
Sampling Depth...................................................... 7,000 ft

Choke....................................................................... *
Status of well............................................................ *

Bottomhole pressure................................................ 2840 psia


Bottomhole temperature.......................................... 220 F

Wellhead pressure................................................... *
Wellhead temperature............................................. *

Separator pressure ................................................. *


Separator temperature ............................................ *

Pressure base.......................................................... *
Temperature base ................................................... *

Separator gas rate................................................... *


Separator oil rate ..................................................... *
Water flowrate.......................................................... *
Gas gravity (Air = 1)................................................. *
Supercompressibility factor...................................... *
H2S.......................................................................... *
BS&W...................................................................... *
API Oil Gravity ......................................................... 31.4

Comments:
* Data not provided to Core Laboratories

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories B.1
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Summary of Samples Received

Bottomhole Samples
Laboratory
Sample Cylinder Sampling :- Bubble point :- Free water Sample
Number Number Pressure Temp. Pressure Temp. drained Volume
(psig) (F) (psig) (F) (cc) (cm3)

1.1 818403 2825 220 405 72 0 530

1.2 815666 2825 220 385 72 0 528

Note:
Sample No.1.1 selected for compositional and further PVT analyses.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories B.2
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Section C - Compositional Analysis of Bottomhole Fluid Sample to C36+

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Compositional Analysis of Bottomhole Sample to C36 plus

Component Mole % Weight %


H2 Hydrogen 0.00 0.00
H2S Hydrogen Sulphide 0.00 0.00
CO2 Carbon Dioxide 0.73 0.15
N2 Nitrogen 0.11 0.01
C1 Methane 8.38 0.63
C2 Ethane 0.77 0.11
C3 Propane 0.57 0.12
iC4 i-Butane 0.27 0.07
nC4 n-Butane 0.54 0.15
C5 Neo-Pentane 0.00 0.00
iC5 i-Pentane 0.60 0.20
nC5 n-Pentane 0.68 0.23
C6 Hexanes 1.95 0.78
Methyl-Cyclopentane 0.58 0.23
Benzene 0.05 0.02
Cyclohexane 0.25 0.10
C7 Heptanes 3.16 1.48
Methyl-Cyclohexane 1.38 0.63
Toluene 0.25 0.11
C8 Octanes 5.06 2.69
EthylBenzene 0.40 0.20
M/P-Xylene 0.40 0.20
O-Xylene 0.14 0.07
C9 Nonanes 4.97 2.97
TrimethylBenzene 0.58 0.32
C10 Decanes 5.44 3.61
C11 Undecanes 5.43 3.72
C12 Dodecanes 4.76 3.57
C13 Tridecanes 5.32 4.34
C14 Tetradecanes 4.61 4.08
C15 Pentadecanes 4.47 4.29
C16 Hexadecanes 3.56 3.68
C17 Heptadecanes 3.31 3.66
C18 Octadecanes 3.35 3.92
C19 Nonadecanes 2.84 3.48
C20 Eicosanes 2.34 3.00
C21 Heneicosanes 2.03 2.76
C22 Docosanes 1.88 2.68
C23 Tricosanes 1.68 2.49
C24 Tetracosanes 1.54 2.38
C25 Pentacosanes 1.41 2.26
C26 Hexacosanes 1.22 2.04
C27 Heptacosanes 1.16 2.03
C28 Octacosanes 1.04 1.88
C29 Nonacosanes 1.01 1.89
C30 Triacontanes 0.87 1.68
C31 Hentriacontanes 0.80 1.59
C32 Dotriacontanes 0.63 1.31
C33 Tritriacontanes 0.57 1.21
C34 Tetratriacontanes 0.51 1.11
C35 Pentatriacontanes 0.45 1.02
C36+ Hexatriacontanes + 5.95 18.85
_____ _____
Totals : 100.00 100.00
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
Core LaboratoriesNote: 0.00 means less than 0.005. C.1
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Compositional Analysis of Bottomhole Sample to C36 plus

Calculated Residue Properties

C7 plus Mole % 85.40


Mole Weight (g mol-1) 245
Density at 60F (g cm-3) 0.8501

C11 plus Mole % 62.74


Mole Weight (g mol-1) 290
Density at 60F (g cm-3) 0.8714

C20 plus Mole % 25.09


Mole Weight (g mol-1) 429
Density at 60F (g cm-3) 0.9053

C36 plus Mole % 5.95


Molecular Weight (g mol-1) 679
Density at 60F (g cm-3) 0.9370

Calculated Whole Sample Properties

Average mole weight (g mol-1) 215


Density at 60F (g cm-3) 0.8346

_____________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories C.2
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Section D - Constant Composition Expansion (CCE)

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Constant Composition Expansion at 238F

Single-phase Fluid Properties

Saturation pressure (bubble-point pressure) 458 psig

Thermal expansion factor of single phase fluid at 5000 psig


(Vol at 238F)/(Vol at 60F) 1.1136 vol / vol

Average single phase compressibility


(From 4246 psig to 458 psig) 7.60 x 10 -6 psi-1

Density at saturation pressure 0.7842 g cm-3

Mean Single-phase Compressibilities

Pressure Range Mean


Initial Pressure Final Pressure Compressibility
(psig) (psig) (psi-1) (1)

5000 3500 6.61 x 10 -6

3500 2000 7.13 x 10 -6

2000 500 8.45 x 10 -6

500 458 10.28 x 10 -6

(1) Mean compressibility = (V2-V1) / [(V1+V2)/2] x 1/(P1 - P2)

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories D.1
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Constant Composition Expansion at 238F

Pressure Relative Density Instantaneous Y-Function (3)


(psig) Volume (1) (g cm-3) Compressibility
(psi-1 x 10-6) (2)

5000 0.9668 0.8111


4500 0.9700 0.8085 6.50
4246 Reservoir pressure 0.9716 0.8071 6.58
4000 0.9732 0.8058 6.64
3500 0.9765 0.8031 6.75
3000 0.9798 0.8003 6.91
2500 0.9833 0.7975 7.12
2000 0.9870 0.7946 7.39
1500 0.9908 0.7915 7.77
1000 0.9949 0.7882 8.33
900 0.9958 0.7875 8.79
800 0.9967 0.7868 9.01
700 0.9976 0.7861 9.26
600 0.9986 0.7853 9.56
500 0.9996 0.7845 9.92
480 0.9998 0.7844 10.18
458 Saturation pressure 1.0000 0.7842 10.38
457 1.0008
456 1.0016
455 1.0024
451 1.0056
447 1.0089
430 1.0237
400 1.0536 2.607
354 1.1112 2.537
289 1.2292 2.428
213 1.4710 2.284
165 1.7479 2.180
127 2.1198 2.086
97 2.6149 2.001

(1) Relative Volume = V / Vsat ie. volume at indicated pressure per volume at saturation pressure.
(2) Instantaneous compressibility = (V2-V1) / V1 x 1/(P1-P2)
'(3) Y-function = (Psat - P ) / ((Pabs)(V/Vsat - 1)).

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories D.2
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Graphs of Constant Composition Expansion Data

Relative Volume vs Pressure

1.0000

0.9900
Relative Volume, V/Vsat

0.9800

0.9700

0.9600
0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000
Pressure, psig

Y Function vs Pressure

2.800

2.600

2.400
Y Function

2.200

2.000

1.800
0 100 200 300 400 500
Pressure, psig

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories D.3
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Constant Composition Expansion at 120F

Single-phase Fluid Properties

Saturation pressure (bubble-point pressure) 369 psig

Thermal expansion factor of single phase fluid at 5000 lpcm


(Vol at 120F)/(Vol at 60F) 1.0042 vol / vol

Average single phase compressibility


(From 4246 psig to 369 psig) 5.07 x 10 -6 lpc-1

Mean Single-phase Compressibilities

Pressure Range Mean


Initial Pressure Final Pressure Compressibility
(psig) (psig) (psi-1) (1)

5000 4246 4.30 x 10 -6

4246 3000 4.45 x 10 -6

3000 2000 4.77 x 10 -6

2000 369 5.74 x 10 -6

(1) Mean compressibility = (V2-V1) / [(V1+V2)/2] x 1/(P1 - P2)

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories D.4
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Constant Composition Expansion at 120F

Pressure Relative Instantaneous


(psig) Volume (1) Compressibility
(psi-1 x 10-6) (2)

5000 0.9774
4500 0.9794 4.28
4246 Reservoir pressure 0.9805 4.34
4000 0.9816 4.34
3500 0.9837 4.41
3000 0.9860 4.54
2500 0.9883 4.67
2000 0.9907 4.89
1500 0.9932 5.16
1000 0.9960 5.57
900 0.9966 5.68
800 0.9972 5.87
700 0.9978 6.09
600 0.9984 6.35
500 0.9991 6.67
400 0.9998 7.10
369 Saturation pressure 1.0000 7.20

Graphs of Constant Composition Expansion Data

Relative Volume vs Pressure

1.0000

0.9950
Relative Volume, V/Vsat

0.9900

0.9850

0.9800

0.9750
0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000
Pressure, psig

(1) Relative Volume = V / Vsat ie. volume at indicated pressure per volume at saturation pressure.
(2) Instantaneous compressibility = (V2-V1) / V1 x 1/(P1-P2)
___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories D.5
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Constant Composition Expansion at 86F

Single-phase Fluid Properties

Saturation pressure (bubble-point pressure) 347 psig

Thermal expansion factor of single phase fluid at 5000 lpcm


(Vol at 86F)/(Vol at 60F) 1.0016 vol / vol

Average single phase compressibility


(From 4246 psig to 347 psig) 4.49 x 10 -6 lpc-1

Mean Single-phase Compressibilities

Pressure Range Mean


Initial Pressure Final Pressure Compressibility
(psig) (psig) (psi-1) (1)

5000 4246 3.77 x 10 -6

3684 3000 3.83 x 10 -6

3000 2000 3.88 x 10 -6

2000 347 4.39 x 10 -6

(1) Mean compressibility = (V2-V1) / [(V1+V2)/2] x 1/(P1 - P2)

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories D.6
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Constant Composition Expansion at 86F

Pressure Relative Instantaneous


(psig) Volume (1) Compressibility
(psi-1 x 10-6) (2)

5000 0.9799
4500 0.9817 3.76
4246 Reservoir pressure 0.9826 3.81
4000 0.9836 3.83
3500 0.9855 3.89
3000 0.9875 4.03
2500 0.9895 4.14
2000 0.9917 4.35
1500 0.9939 4.53
1000 0.9964 4.90
900 0.9969 5.01
800 0.9974 5.18
700 0.9979 5.38
600 0.9985 5.57
500 0.9990 5.87
400 0.9997 6.19
347 Saturation pressure 1.0000 6.35

Graphs of Constant Composition Expansion Data

Relative Volume vs Pressure

1.0000

0.9950
Relative Volume, V/Vsat

0.9900

0.9850

0.9800

0.9750
0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000
Pressure, psig

(1) Relative Volume = V / Vsat ie. volume at indicated pressure per volume at saturation pressure.
(2) Instantaneous compressibility = (V2-V1) / V1 x 1/(P1-P2)
___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories D.7
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Constant Composition Expansion at 67F

Single-phase Fluid Properties

Saturation pressure (bubble-point pressure) 330 psig

Thermal expansion factor of single phase fluid at 5000 lpcm


(Vol at 67F)/(Vol at 60F) 1.0000 vol / vol

Average single phase compressibility


(From 4246 psig to 330 psig) 4.11 x 10 -6 lpc-1

Mean Single-phase Compressibilities

Pressure Range Mean


Initial Pressure Final Pressure Compressibility
(psig) (psig) (psi-1) (1)

5000 4246 3.56 x 10 -6

4246 3000 3.66 x 10 -6

3000 2000 3.91 x 10 -6

2000 330 4.56 x 10 -6

(1) Mean compressibility = (V2-V1) / [(V1+V2)/2] x 1/(P1 - P2)

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories D.8
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Constant Composition Expansion at 67F

Pressure Relative Instantaneous


(psig) Volume (1) Compressibility
(psi-1 x 10-6) (2)

5000 0.9814
4500 0.9832 3.56
4246 Reservoir pressure 0.9841 3.57
4000 0.9849 3.59
3500 0.9867 3.63
3000 0.9885 3.72
2500 0.9904 3.83
2000 0.9924 3.99
1500 0.9945 4.18
1000 0.9967 4.44
900 0.9971 4.53
800 0.9976 4.64
700 0.9981 4.78
600 0.9986 4.91
500 0.9991 5.10
400 0.9996 5.28
330 Saturation pressure 1.0000 5.54

Graphs of Constant Composition Expansion Data

Relative Volume vs Pressure

1.0000

0.9950
Relative Volume, V/Vsat

0.9900

0.9850

0.9800
0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000
Pressure, psig

(1) Relative Volume = V / Vsat ie. volume at indicated pressure per volume at saturation pressure.
(2) Instantaneous compressibility = (V2-V1) / V1 x 1/(P1-P2)
___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories D.9
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Section E - Differential Vaporization (DV)

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Differential Vaporization at 238F

Solution Relative Relative Deviation Gas Incremental


Pressure Gas-Oil Oil Total Density Factor Formation Gas
(psig) Ratio Volume Volume (g cm-3) (Z) Volume Gravity
Rs(1) Bod(2) Btd(3) Factor (4) (Air = 1.000)

458 94 1.140 1.140 0.7842 Saturation Pressure


300 71 1.130 1.368 0.7879 0.918 0.05754 0.724
150 49 1.120 2.040 0.7914 0.951 0.11394 0.802
0 0 1.089 0.7981 1.590

At 60F = 1.000

Residual Oil Properties

Density of residual oil 0.8693 g cm-3 at 60F

API 31.1

(1) GOR in cubic feet of gas at 14.70 psia and 60F per barrel of residual oil at 60F.
(2) Volume of oil at indicated pressure and temperature per volume of residual oil at 60F.
(3) Volume of oil plus liberated gas at indicated pressure and temperature per volume of residual oil at 60F.
(4) Volume of gas at indicated pressure and temperature per volume at 14.70 psia and 60F.
___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories E.1
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Graphs of Differential Vaporization

Solution Gas-Oil Ratio v Pressure

100

80
Gas-Oil Ratio, scf/res.bbl

60

40

20

0
0 100 200 300 400 500
Pressure, psig

Relative Oil Volume v Pressure

1.160

1.140
Relative Oil Volume, V/Vr

1.120

1.100

1.080
0 100 200 300 400 500
Pressure, psig

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories E.2
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Differential Vaporization Data Converted to Production Separator Conditions

Oil Solution Formation Gas Formation


Pressure Density Gas/Oil Volume Volume
(psig) (g cm-3) (scf / bbl) Factor Factor
Rs(1) Bo(1) Bg(2)

5000 0.8110 1.093


4500 0.8084 1.096
4246 Reservoir pressure 0.8072 1.098
4000 0.8058 1.100
3500 0.8031 1.103
3000 0.8003 1.107
2500 0.7975 1.111
2000 0.7945 1.115
1500 0.7915 1.120
1000 0.7882 1.124
500 0.7845 1.129
458 Saturation pressure 0.7842 82 1.130
300 0.7879 59 1.120 0.05754
150 0.7914 37 1.110 0.11394

Notes:

(1) Differential data corrected to surface separator conditions of :-

Stage 1 60 psig and 200F


Stage 2 0 psig and 200F

Rs = Rsfb - (Rsdb - Rsd) x (Bofb / Bodb)

Bo = Bod x (Bofb/Bodb)

(2) Volume of gas at indicated pressure and temperature per volume at 14.73 psia and 60F.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories E.3
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Differential Vaporization Data Converted to Production Separator Conditions

Oil Solution Formation Gas Formation


Pressure Density Gas/Oil Volume Volume
(psig) (g cm-3) (scf / bbl) Factor Factor
Rs(1) Bo(1) Bg(2)

5000 0.8110 1.093


4500 0.8084 1.097
4246 Reservoir pressure 0.8072 1.098
4000 0.8058 1.100
3500 0.8031 1.104
3000 0.8003 1.108
2500 0.7975 1.112
2000 0.7945 1.116
1500 0.7915 1.120
1000 0.7882 1.125
500 0.7845 1.130
458 Saturation pressure 0.7842 83 1.131
300 0.7879 60 1.121 0.05754
150 0.7914 38 1.111 0.11394

Notes:

(1) Differential data corrected to surface separator conditions of :-

Stage 1 30 psig and 200F


Stage 2 0 psig and 200F

Rs = Rsfb - (Rsdb - Rsd) x (Bofb / Bodb)

Bo = Bod x (Bofb/Bodb)

(2) Volume of gas at indicated pressure and temperature per volume at 14.73 psia and 60F.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories E.4
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Section F - Bottomhole Fluid Viscosity Data

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Bottomhole Fluid Viscosity Data at 238F

Pressure Oil Calculated Oil/Gas


(psig) Viscosity Gas Viscosity Viscosity
(cP) (cP) (1) Ratio

5000 1.807
4246 Reservoir pressure 1.710
4000 1.678
3000 1.549
2000 1.420
1000 1.291
600 1.239
458 Saturation pressure 1.221
300 1.333
150 1.427 0.0140 95.5
0 3.728 0.0134 106.4

(1) Calculated using the method of Lee, Gonzales and Eakin, JPT, Aug 1966.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories F.1
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Graph of Bottomhole Fluid Viscosity Data at 238F

Oil Viscosity Vs Pressure

4.000

3.000
Oil viscosity, cPs

2.000

1.000
0 100 200 300 400 500
Pressurre, psig

Single-phase Fluid Viscosity Vs Pressure

2.000
Single-phase Viscosity, cPs

1.800

1.600

1.400

1.200
0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000
Pressurre, psig

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories F.2
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Section G - Separator Test Data

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Data from Separator Test 1

Gas-Oil Gas-Oil Oil Formation Separation Gas Gravity


Pressure Temperature Ratio Ratio Density Volume Volume of flashed gas
(psig) (F) Rsfb (g cm-3) Factor Factor (Air = 1.000)
(1) (2) Bofb (3) (4)

458 238 - 82 0.7842 1.130 Saturation Pressure

60 200 61 66 0.8085 1.079 0.890 *


0 200 15 16 0.8109 1.069 1.514

Residual Oil Properties

Density of residual oil 0.8669 g cm-3 at 60F

API 31.6

Note :

* Evolved gas collected and analysed to C11+.

(1) GOR in cubic feet of gas at 14.70 psia and 60F per barrel of oil at indicated pressure and temperature.
(2) GOR in cubic feet of gas at 14.70 psia and 60F per barrel of stocktank oil at 60F.
(3) Volume of saturated oil at 458 psig and 238F per volume of stocktank oil at 60F.
(4) Volume of oil at indicated pressure and temperature per volume of stocktank oil at 60F.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories G.1
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Compositional Analysis of Separator Test Gas to C11+

Sampling Date 04-Aug-2006


Sample Description Gas from first stage separation
Cylinder Number --
Sampling Conditions 60.0 psig @ 200.0F

Component Mole % Weight %


H2 Hydrogen 0.00 0.00
H2S Hydrogen Sulphide 0.00 0.00
CO2 Carbon Dioxide 5.83 9.95
N2 Nitrogen 1.02 1.11
C1 Methane 75.69 47.08
C2 Ethane 5.48 6.39
C3 Propane 2.89 4.95
iC4 i-Butane 0.95 2.13
nC4 n-Butane 1.32 2.96
iC5 i-Pentane 1.01 2.82
nC5 n-Pentane 0.83 2.34
C6 Hexanes 1.37 4.57
C7 Heptanes 1.45 5.65
C8 Octanes 1.36 6.02
C9 Nonanes 0.55 2.75
C10 Decanes 0.24 1.25
C11+ Undecanes plus 0.01 0.03
______ ______
Totals : 100.00 100.00
Note: 0.00 means less than 0.005.
Calculated Residue Properties Mole Weight Density
(g mol-1) (g cm-3 @ 60F )
C7+ Heptanes plus 112.1 0.7072
C8+ Octanes plus 120.1 0.7188
C10+ Decanes plus 134.3 0.7783
C11+ Undecanes plus 147.0 0.7890
Calculated Whole Gas Properties
Real Relative Density 0.8955 (Air=1 @ 14.73 psia & 60F)
Whole Sample Mole Weight 25.79 g mol-1
Real Gas Density 1.0978 kg m-3 @ 15C
Ideal Gross Calorific Value 1372.5 BTU.ft-3 @ 14.73psia, 60F
Ideal Net Calorific Value 1249.8 BTU.ft-3 @ 14.73psia, 60F
Pseudo Critical Press. 669.4 psia
Pseudo Critical Temp. 424.8 Rankine
Gas Compressibility Factor, Z 0.9944 @ 14.73 psia & 60F
Gas Viscosity 0.012 cP
GPM (C2+) 6.002
GPM (C3+) 4.542

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories G.2
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Data from Separator Test 2

Gas-Oil Gas-Oil Oil Formation Separation Gas Gravity


Pressure Temperature Ratio Ratio Density Volume Volume of flashed gas
(psig) (F) Rsfb (g cm-3) Factor Factor (Air = 1.000)
(1) (2) Bofb (3) (4)

458 238 - 83 0.7842 1.131 Saturation Pressure

30 200 70 75 0.8094 1.074 0.979 *


0 200 7 8 0.8109 1.069 1.491

Residual Oil Properties

Density of residual oil 0.8669 g cm-3 at 60F

API 31.6

Note :

* Evolved gas collected and analysed to C11+.

(1) GOR in cubic feet of gas at 14.70 psia and 60F per barrel of oil at indicated pressure and temperature.
(2) GOR in cubic feet of gas at 14.70 psia and 60F per barrel of stocktank oil at 60F.
(3) Volume of saturated oil at 458 psig and 238F per volume of stocktank oil at 60F.
(4) Volume of oil at indicated pressure and temperature per volume of stocktank oil at 60F.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories G.3
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Compositional Analysis of Separator Test Gas to C11+

Sampling Date 04-Aug-2006


Sample Description Gas from first stage separation
Cylinder Number --
Sampling Conditions 30.0 psig @ 200.0F

Component Mole % Weight %


H2 Hydrogen 0.00 0.00
H2S Hydrogen Sulphide 0.00 0.00
CO2 Carbon Dioxide 5.85 9.07
N2 Nitrogen 0.92 0.91
C1 Methane 71.45 40.39
C2 Ethane 5.88 6.23
C3 Propane 3.49 5.43
iC4 i-Butane 1.22 2.50
nC4 n-Butane 1.80 3.70
iC5 i-Pentane 1.38 3.51
nC5 n-Pentane 1.21 3.07
C6 Hexanes 1.91 5.80
C7 Heptanes 1.95 6.89
C8 Octanes 1.79 7.21
C9 Nonanes 0.74 3.35
C10 Decanes 0.40 1.88
C11+ Undecanes plus 0.01 0.06
______ ______
Totals : 100.00 100.00
Note: 0.00 means less than 0.005.
Calculated Residue Properties Mole Weight Density
(g mol-1) (g cm-3 @ 60F )
C7+ Heptanes plus 112.4 0.7085
C8+ Octanes plus 120.6 0.7206
C10+ Decanes plus 134.3 0.7783
C11+ Undecanes plus 147.0 0.7890
Calculated Whole Gas Properties
Real Relative Density 0.9864 (Air=1 @ 14.73 psia & 60F)
Whole Sample Mole Weight 28.36 g mol-1
Real Gas Density 1.2097 kg m-3 @ 15C
Ideal Gross Calorific Value 1512.3 BTU.ft-3 @ 14.73psia, 60F
Ideal Net Calorific Value 1380.2 BTU.ft-3 @ 14.73psia, 60F
Pseudo Critical Press. 662.1 psia
Pseudo Critical Temp. 446.2 Rankine
Gas Compressibility Factor, Z 0.9928 @ 14.73 psia & 60F
Gas Viscosity 0.012 cP
GPM (C2+) 7.646
GPM (C3+) 6.081

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories G.4
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Section H - Appendix

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Data Used in Gas Compositional Calculations

Component Mole Weight Density Component Mole Weight Density


(g mol-1) (g cm-3 at 60F) (g mol-1) (g cm-3 at 60F)

Hydrogen * 2.016 N/A 33DMC5 * 100.20 0.6954


Oxygen/(Argon) ** 31.999 1.1410 Cyclohexane * 84.16 0.7827
Nitrogen (Corrected) ** 28.013 0.8086 2MC6/23DMC5 * 100.20 0.6917
Methane ** 16.043 0.2997 11DMCYC5/3MC6 * 99.20 0.7253
Carbon Dioxide ** 44.010 0.8172 t13DMCYC5 * 98.19 0.7528
Ethane ** 30.070 0.3558 c13DMCYC5/3EC5 * 99.20 0.7262
Hydrogen Sulphide ** 34.080 0.8006 t12DMCYC5 * 98.19 0.7554
Propane ** 44.097 0.5065 Heptanes (nC7) * 100.20 0.6875
i-Butane ** 58.123 0.5623 22DMC6 * 114.23 0.6994
n-Butane ** 58.123 0.5834 MCYC6 * 98.19 0.7740
Neo-Pentane * 72.15 0.5968 ECYC5 * 98.19 0.7704
i-Pentane ** 72.150 0.6238 223TMC5/24&25DMC6 * 114.23 0.7060
n-Pentane ** 72.150 0.6305 ctc124TMCYC5 * 112.21 0.7511
22DMC4 * 86.18 0.6529 ctc123TMCYC5 * 112.21 0.7574
23DMC4/CYC5 * 78.16 0.7129 Toluene * 92.14 0.8734
2MC5 * 86.18 0.6572 Octanes (nC8) * 114.23 0.7063
3MC5 * 86.18 0.6682 E-Benzene * 106.17 0.8735
Hexanes (nC6) * 86.18 0.6631 M/P-Xylene * 106.17 0.8671
22DMC5 * 100.20 0.6814 O-Xylene * 106.17 0.8840
M-C-Pentane * 84.16 0.7533 Nonanes (nC9) * 128.26 0.7212
24DMC5 * 100.20 0.6757 Decanes *** 134 0.778
223TMC4 * 100.20 0.6947 Undecanes *** 147 0.789
Benzene * 78.11 0.8820 Dodecanes *** 161 0.800

Data Source Refs :

* ASTM Data Series Publication DS 4B (1991) - Physical Constants of Hydrocarbon and Non-Hydrocarbon
Compounds.

** GPA Table of Physical Constants of Paraffin Hydrocarbons and Other Components of Natural Gas,
GPA 2145-96.

*** Journal of Petroleum Technology, Nov 1978, Pages 1649-1655.


Predicting Phase Behaviour of Condensate/Crude Oil Systems Using Methane Interaction Coefficients
- D.L. Katz & A. Firoozabadi.

Note :
The gas mole % compositions were calculated from the measured weight % compositions using
the most detailed analysis results, involving as many of the above components as were identified.
The reported component mole % compositions were then sub-grouped into the generic carbon
number components.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories H.1
Bogot, Colombia
OCCIDENTAL DE COLOMBIA
Caricare-2 Well, Form.: K3 RFL 06089
___________________________________________________________________________________________

Data Used in Oil Compositional Calculations

Component Mole Weight Density Component Mole Weight Density


(g mol-1) (g cm-3 at 60F) (g mol-1) (g cm-3 at 60F)

Hydrogen * 2.016 N/A Undecanes *** 147 0.789


Hyd. sulphide ** 34.080 0.8006 Dodecanes *** 161 0.800
Carbon Dioxide ** 44.010 0.8172 Tridecanes *** 175 0.811
Nitrogen ** 28.013 0.8086 Tetradecanes *** 190 0.822
Methane ** 16.043 0.2997 Pentadecanes *** 206 0.832
Ethane ** 30.070 0.3558 Hexadecanes *** 222 0.839
Propane ** 44.097 0.5065 Heptadecanes *** 237 0.847
i-Butane ** 58.123 0.5623 Octadecanes *** 251 0.852
n-Butane ** 58.123 0.5834 Nonadecanes *** 263 0.857
i-Pentane ** 72.150 0.6238 Eicosanes *** 275 0.862
n-Pentane ** 72.150 0.6305 Heneicosanes *** 291 0.867
Hexanes ** 86.177 0.6634 Docosanes *** 305 0.872
Me-cyclo-pentane * 84.16 0.7533 Tricosanes *** 318 0.877
Benzene * 78.11 0.8820 Tetracosanes *** 331 0.881
Cyclo-hexane * 84.16 0.7827 Pentacosanes *** 345 0.885
Heptanes ** 100.204 0.6874 Hexacosanes *** 359 0.889
Me-cyclo-hexane * 98.19 0.7740 Heptacosanes *** 374 0.893
Toluene * 92.14 0.8734 Octacosanes *** 388 0.896
Octanes ** 114.231 0.7061 Nonacosanes *** 402 0.899
Ethyl-benzene * 106.17 0.8735 Triacontanes *** 416 0.902
Meta/Para-xylene * 106.17 0.8671 Hentriacontanes *** 430 0.906
Ortho-xylene * 106.17 0.8840 Dotriacontanes *** 444 0.909
Nonanes ** 128.258 0.7212 Tritriacontanes *** 458 0.912
1-2-4-T-M-benzene * 120.19 0.8797 Tetratriacontanes *** 472 0.914
Decanes ** 142.285 0.7334 Pentatriacontanes *** 486 0.917

Data Source Refs :

* ASTM Data Series Publication DS 4B (1991) - Physical Constants of Hydrocarbon and Non-Hydrocarbon
Compounds.

** GPA Table of Physical Constants of Paraffin Hydrocarbons and Other Components of Natural Gas
GPA 2145-96.

*** Journal of Petroleum Technology, Nov 1978, Pages 1649-1655.


Predicting Phase Behaviour of Condensate/Crude Oil Systems Using Methane Interaction Coefficients
- D.L. Katz & A. Firoozabadi.

Note :
The residue mole weight and density values ( eg heptanes plus, undecanes plus, eicosanes plus)
are calculated so that the calculated average mole weights and densities correspond with the
measured values. This can lead to anomalous residue mole weights and densities where the Katz
and Firoozabadi values may not be suitable for the isomer groups detected.

___________________________________________________________________________________________
Core Laboratories H.2
Bogot, Colombia