Anda di halaman 1dari 12

DAFTAR ISI

Halaman
COVER ................................................................................................................ i

LEMBAR PENGESAHAN ................................................................................... ii

KATA PENGANTAR ............................................................................................ iv

DAFTAR ISI ......................................................................................................... v

DAFTAR GAMBAR ............................................................................................. x

DAFTAR TABEL ................................................................................................. xiii

DAFTAR RUMUS................................................................................................. xiv

DAFTAR LAMPIRAN .......................................................................................... xv

DAFTAR KELOMPOK ........................................................................................ xvi

BAB I PENDAHULUAN

1.1. Sejarah Batubara ................................................................... I-1


1.2. Proses Pembentukan Batubara.............................................. I-1
1.3. Sifat Umum Batubara.............................................................. I-2
1.4. Faktor Pembentukan Batubara............................................... I-2
1.5. Bentuk-Bentuk Lapisan Batubara........................................... I-4
1.6. Pemanfaatan dan Pengolahan Batubara................................ I-7

BAB II SAMPLING

2.1. Pengertian Sampling............................................................... II-1


2.2. Jenis-Jenis Sampling.............................................................. II-2
2.3. Teknik dan Metode Sampling.................................................. II-3
2.4. Manfaat Sampling................................................................... II-5

v
BAB III PREPARASI

3.1. Tujuan Praktikum.................................................................... III-1


3.2. Dasar Teori............................................................................. III-1
3.3. Alat dan Bahan....................................................................... III-2
3.4. Prosedur Percobaan............................................................... III-7
3.4.1. Preparasi Untuk Pembuatan Briket Batubara.............. III-7
3.4.2. Preparasi Untuk Analisis Totail Moisture...................... III-8
3.5. Data Hasil Pengamatan.......................................................... III-9

BAB IV BRIKET BATUBARA NON-KARBONISASI

4.1. Tujuan Praktikum.................................................................... IV-1


4.2. Dasar Teori............................................................................. IV-1
4.3. Alat dan Bahan....................................................................... IV-5
4.3.1. Alat.............................................................................. IV-5
4.3.2. Bahan.......................................................................... IV-9
4.4. Prosedur Kerja........................................................................ IV-10
4.4.1. Briket Batubara Non-Karbonisasi Biasa....................... IV-10
4.4.2. Briket Batubara Non-Karbonisasi Biomassa................ IV-12
4.5. Data Hasil Pengamatan.......................................................... IV-14
4.6. Pengolahan Data.................................................................... IV-16
4.7. Pembahasan........................................................................... IV-19
4.8. Penutup.................................................................................. IV-21
4.8.1. Kesimpulan.................................................................. IV-21
4.8.2. Saran........................................................................... IV-22

BAB V BRIKET BATUBARA KARBONISASI

5.1. Tujuan Praktikum.................................................................... V-1


5.2. Dasar Teori............................................................................. V-1
5.3. Alat dan Bahan....................................................................... V-4
5.3.1. Alat.............................................................................. V-4
5.3.2. Bahan.......................................................................... V-9
5.4. Prosedur Kerja........................................................................ V-10
5.4.1. Briket Batubara Karbonisasi Biasa.............................. V-10
5.4.2. Briket Batubara Karbonisasi Biomassa........................ V-12

vi
5.5. Data Hasil Pengamatan.......................................................... V-14
5.6. Pengolahan Data.................................................................... V-16
5.7. Pembahasan........................................................................... V-20
5.8. Penutup.................................................................................. V-22
5.8.1. Kesimpulan.................................................................. V-22
5.8.2. Saran........................................................................... V-23

BAB VI PROSES MIXING DAN ANALISIS HASIL MIXING

6.1. Tujuan Praktikum.................................................................... VI-1


6.2. Dasar Teori............................................................................. VI-1
6.2.1. Coal Blending.............................................................. VI-2
6.2.2. Metode Blending......................................................... VI-3
6.3. Alat dan Bahan....................................................................... VI-5
6.3.1. Alat.............................................................................. VI-5
6.3.2. Bahan.......................................................................... VI-10
6.4. Prosedur Kerja........................................................................ VI-11
6.4.1. Proses Mixing Batubara.............................................. VI-11
6.4.2. Pembuatan Briket Batubara Biasa Hasil Mixing........... VI-12
6.4.3. Pembuatan Briket Batubara Biomassa Hasil Mixing.... VI-13
6.5. Data Hasil Pengamatan.......................................................... VI-13
6.5.1. Mixing Batubara.......................................................... VI-14
6.5.2. Briket Batubara Non-Karbonisasi Hasil Mixing............ VI-15
6.6. Pengolahan Data.................................................................... VI-17
6.6.1. Mixing Batubara Non-Karbonisasi............................... VI-17
6.6.2. Briket Batubara Non-Karbonisasi Hasil Mixing............ VI-18
6.7. Pembahasan........................................................................... VI-22
6.8. Penutup.................................................................................. VI-23
6.8.1. Kesimpulan.................................................................. VI-23
6.8.2. Saran........................................................................... VI-23

BAB VII UJI PEMBAKARAN BRIKET BATUBARA NON-KARBONISASI,


BRIKET BATUBARA KARBONISASI DAN BRIKET BATUBARA
HASIL MIXING

7.1. Tujuan Praktikum.................................................................... VII-1


7.2. Dasar Teori............................................................................. VII-1
7.3. Alat dan Bahan....................................................................... VII-5

vii
7.3.1. Alat.............................................................................. VII-5
7.3.2. Bahan.......................................................................... VII-8
7.4. Prosedur Kerja........................................................................ VII-9
7.4.1. Uji Pembakaran Briket Batubara Non-karbonisasi....... VII-9
7.4.2. Uji Pembakaran Briket Batubara karbonisasi..............
....................................................................................
VII-10
7.4.3. Uji Pembakaran Briket Batubara Non-karbonisasi
Hasil Mixing.................................................................
....................................................................................
VII-11
7.5. Data Hasil Pengamatan.......................................................... VII-12
7.5.1. Uji pembakaran Briket Batubara Non-Karbonisasi ......
....................................................................................
VII-12
7.5.2. Uji Pembakaran Briket Batubara Karbonisasi .............
....................................................................................
VII-14
7.4.3. Uji Pembakaran Briket Batubara Hasil Mixing.............
....................................................................................
VII-16
7.6. Pengolahan Data.................................................................... VII-18
7.6.1. Uji Pembuatan Briket Batubara Non-Karbonisasi .......
....................................................................................
VII-17
7.6.2. Uji Pembakaran Briket Batubara Karbonisasi .............
....................................................................................
VII-20
7.6.3. Uji Pembakaran Briket Batubara Hasil Mixing.............
....................................................................................
VII-22
7.7. Pembahasan........................................................................... VII-24
7.8. Penutup.................................................................................. VII-28
7.8.1. Kesimpulan.................................................................. VII-28
7.8.2. Saran........................................................................... VII-29

BAB VIII ANALISIS TOTAL MOISTURE

8.1. Tujuan Praktikum.................................................................... VIII-1

viii
8.2. Dasar Teori............................................................................. VIII-1
8.3. Alat dan Bahan....................................................................... VIII-6
8.3.1. Alat.............................................................................. VIII-6
8.3.2. Bahan.......................................................................... VIII-11
8.4. Prosedur Kerja........................................................................ VIII-12
8.4.1. Analisis Total Moisture Menggunakan ASTM D-3302. . VIII-12
8.4.2. Analisis Total Moisture Menggunakan ISO 11722........
VIII-14
8.5. Data Hasil Pengamatan.......................................................... VIII-16
8.6. Pengolahan Data.................................................................... VIII-17
8.6.1. Pengolahan Data Menurut ASTM D-3302................... VIII-17
8.6.2. Pengolahan Data Menurut ISO 11722......................... VIII-19
8.7. Pembahasan........................................................................... VIII-23

8.8. Penutup.................................................................................. VIII-26


8.8.1. Kesimpulan.................................................................. VIII-26
8.8.2. Saran.............................................................................

VIII-22

BAB IX PENUTUP

9.1. Kesimpulan.............................................................................
IX-1
9.2. Saran......................................................................................

IX-7

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

LAMPIRAN

ix
DAFTAR GAMBAR

Halaman
Gambar 1.1. Sketsa Horse Back ...................................................................... I-4
Gambar 1.2. Sketsa Pinch................................................................................. I-5
Gambar 1.3. Sketsa Clay Vein......................................................................... I-5
Gambar 1.4. Sketsa Burried Hills ..................................................................... I-6
Gambar 1.5. Sketsa Fault ................................................................................. I-6
Gambar 1.6. Sketsa Fold................................................................................... I-7
Gambar 3.1. Sketsa Crusher ........................................................................... III-3
Gambar 3.2. Sketsa Palu................................................................................. III-3
Gambar 3.3. Sketsa Toples.............................................................................. III-3
Gambar 3.4. Sketsa Timbangan ....................................................................... III-4
Gambar 3.5. Sketsa Kuas ................................................................................ III-4
Gambar 3.6. Sketsa Ember............................................................................... III-4
Gambar 3.7. Sketsa Kertas Label...................................................................... III-5
Gambar 3.8. Sketsa Safety Tools ..................................................................... III-5

x
Gambar 3.9. Sketsa Ayakan (Sieve)................................................................. III-6
Gambar 3.10. Sketsa Sendok............................................................................ III-6
Gambar 3.11. Flowchart Preparasi Pembuatan Briket Batubara ........................ III-7
Gambar 3.12. Flowchart Preparasi Pembuatan Briket Batubara Total Moisture III-8
Gambar 4.1. Sketsa Tipe Yontan...................................................................... IV-4
Gambar 4.2. Sketsa Tipe Telur......................................................................... IV-4
Gambar 4.3. Sketsa Cetakan Briket ............................................................. IV-5
Gambar 4.4. Sketsa Neraca Analitik................................................................ IV-5
Gambar 4.5. Sketsa Kuas ................................................................................ IV-6
Gambar 4.6. Sketsa Kertas Label ................................................................... IV-6
Gambar 4.7. Sketsa Sendok ........................................................................... IV-7
Gambar 4.8. Sketsa Ember............................................................................. IV-7
Gambar 4.9. Sketsa Kotak Briket.................................................................... IV-8
Gambar 4.10. Sketsa Safety Tools..................................................................... IV-8
Gambar 4.11. Sketsa Cawan.............................................................................. IV-9
Gambar 4.12. Flowchart Pembuatan Briket Batubara Non-Karbonisasi Biasa. . IV-10
Gambar 4.13. Flowchart Pembuatan Briket Batubara Non-Karbonisasi
Biomassa .................................................................................... IV-12
Gambar 4.14. Komposisi Briket Batubara Non-Karbonisasi Biasa...................... IV-19
Gambar 4.15. Komposisi Briket Batubara Non-Karbonisasi Biomassa............... IV-20
Gambar 5.1. Sketsa Tungku Karbonisasi......................................................... V-4
Gambar 5.2. Sketsa Cetakan Briket................................................................. V-4
Gambar 5.3. Sketsa Neraca Analitik ................................................................ V-5
Gambar 5.4. Sketsa Ember ............................................................................. V-5
Gambar 5.5. Sketsa Cawan ............................................................................. V-6
Gambar 5.6. Sketsa Kuas................................................................................ V-6
Gambar 5.7. Sketsa Toples............................................................................. V-7
Gambar 5.8. Sketsa Kotak Briket...................................................................... V-7
Gambar 5.9. Sketsa Kertas Label .................................................................... V-8
Gambar 5.10. Sketsa Safety Tools..................................................................... V-8
Gambar 5.11. Flowchart Pembuatan Briket Batubara Karbonisasi Biasa........... V-10
Gambar 5.12. Flowchart Pembuatan Briket Batubara Karbonisasi Biomassa.... V-12
Gambar 6.1. Sketsa Alat Mixing....................................................................... VI-5
Gambar 6.2. Sketsa Cetakan Briket ................................................................ VI-5
Gambar 6.3. Sketsa Sendok ............................................................................ VI-6

xi
Gambar 6.4. Sketsa Ember.............................................................................. VI-6
Gambar 6.5. Sketsa Neraca Analitik................................................................. VI-7
Gambar 6.6. Sketsa Kuas................................................................................. VI-7
Gambar 6.7. Sketsa Kotak Briket...................................................................... VI-8
Gambar 6.8. Sketsa Cawan ............................................................................. VI-8
Gambar 6.9. Sketsa Safety Tools .................................................................... VI-9
Gambar 6.10. Sketsa Stopwatch ....................................................................... VI-9
Gambar 6.11. Flowchart Proses Mixing Batubara Non-Karbonisasi Hasil
Mixing...... .................................................................................... VI-11
Gambar 6.12. Flowchart Pembuatan Briket Batubara Non-Karbonisasi
Hasil Mixing................................................................................. VI-12
Gambar 6.13. Flowchart Pembuatan Briket Batubara Biomassa Hasil mixing... VI-13
Gambar 7.1. Sketsa Kompor Briket.................................................................. VII-5
Gambar 7.2. Sketsa Korek Api......................................................................... VII-5
Gambar 7.3. Sketsa Ember.............................................................................. VII-6
Gambar 7.4. Sketsa Stopwatch........................................................................ VII-6
Gambar 7.5. Sketsa Safety Tools.................................................................... VII-7
Gambar 7.6. Sketsa Sendok............................................................................. VII-7
Gambar 7.7. Flowchart Uji Pembakaran Briket Batubara Non-Karbonisasi..... VII-9
Gambar 7.8. Flowchart Uji Pembakaran Briket Batubara Karbonisasi............ VII-10
Gambar 7.9. Flowchart Uji Pembakaran Briket Batubara Non-Karbonisasi
Hasil Mixing .............................................................................. VII-11
Gambar 8.1. Sketsa Oven ............................................................................... VIII-6
Gambar 8.2. Sketsa Desikator ........................................................................ VIII-6
Gambar 8.3. Sketsa Neraca Analitik................................................................. VIII-7
Gambar 8.4. Sketsa Sendok............................................................................. VIII-7
Gambar 8.5. Sketsa Penjepit............................................................................ VIII-8
Gambar 8.6. Sketsa Stopwatch ....................................................................... VIII-8
Gambar 8.7. Sketsa Cawan.............................................................................. VIII-9
Gambar 8.8. Sketsa Termometer...................................................................... VIII-9
Gambar 8.9. Sketsa Kuas ................................................................................ VIII-10
Gambar 8.10. Sketsa Safety Tools..................................................................... VIII-10
Gambar 8.11. Flowchart Analisis Total Moisture Menggunakan ASTM D-3302. VIII-12
Gambar 8.12. Flowchart AnalisisTotal Moisture Menggunakan ISO 11722 ....... VIII-14

xii
DAFTAR TABEL

Halaman
Tabel 3.1. Data Hasil Pengamatan Preparasi................................................... III-9
Tabel 4.1. Data Hasil Pengamatan Briket Batubara Karbonisasi...................... IV-12
Tabel 5.1. Data Hasil Pengamatan Briket Batubara Karbonisasi...................... V-14
Tabel 6.1. Data Hasil Pengamatan Hasil Mixing Batubara................................
VI-14
Tabel 6.2. Data Hasil Pengamatan Briket Batubara Non-Karbonisasi
Hasil Mixing......................................................................................
VI-14
Tabel 7.1. Data Hasil Pengamatan Uji Pembakaran Briket Batubara
Non-Karbonisasi..............................................................................
VII-12
Tabel 7.2. Data Hasil Pengamatan Uji Pembakaran Briket
Batubara Karbonisasi.......................................................................
VII-14
Tabel 7.3. Data Hasil Pengamatan Uji Pembakarana Briket Batubara
Hasil Mixing......................................................................................
VII-16
Tabel 8.1. Komponen-Komponen Batubara Yang Ada Dalam Suatu Hasil

xiii
Analisis Dengan Dasar Pelaporan Yang Berbeda............................ VIII-4
Tabel 8.2. Hasil Pengamatan Dengan Metode ASTM D-3302.......................... VIII-16
Tabel 8.3. Hasil Pengamatan Dengan Metode ISO 11722................................ VIII-16
Tabel 8.4. Hasil Pengolahan Data.................................................................... VIII-21

DAFTAR PERSAMAAN

Halaman
Persamaan 6.1. Kualitas Campuran Batubara................................................... VI-2
Persamaan 6.1. Berat Tumpukan Campuran Batubara...................................... VI-2
Persamaan 8.1. Inherent Moisture..................................................................... VIII-2
Persamaan 8.2. Residual Moisture..................................................................... VIII-2
Persamaan 8.3. Total Moisture........................................................................... VIII-3

xiv
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

Lampiran 1. Kartu Kontrol


Lampiran 2. Cover Laporan Sementara
Lampiran 3. Dapus Sementara
Lampiran 4. Flowchart
Lampiran 5. Daftar Istilah

xv
DAFTAR KELOMPOK

1. AAD SANUFA (H1C114070)


2. HAIKUN PRANOTO (H1C114026)
3. MISRADIN (H1C114040)
4. RIKA FEBRIYANI (H1C114058)
5. RISKINA HUTAGAOL (H1C114060)
6. SUCI INDA SARI (H1C114064)
7. AAD SANUFA (H1C114070)
8. FIQRI AZKA RIDHA (H1C114249)
9. JIMMI AL FAJRI (H1C114257)
10. BAHRUL AZMI (H1C114264)

xvi