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PraktikumTeknologi Bahan KelompokB3

KATA PENGANTAR

Puji syukur kami ucapkan atas kehadirat Tuhan Yang Maha Esa atas berkat

rahmat-Nya sehingga kami dapat menyelesaikan Laporan Praktikum Teknologi

Bahan ini tanpa kendala yang berarti dan tepat pada waktunya.

Tidak lupa pula kami ingin mengucapakan terimakasih kepada semua pihak

yang telah membantu dalam menyelesaikan Laporan Praktikum Teknologi Bahan

ini, mulai dari proses berlangsungnya praktikum hingga penyusunan laporan ini.

Dalam hal ini Ibu Elhusna, S.T.,M.T, selaku dosen pembimbing, Kakak Ari

Saputra dan Kakak M. Ali Nursalam selaku asisten dosen serta teman teman

program studi Teknik Sipil 2016 atas kerjasamanya dan telah berbagi ilmu

khususnya dalam Laporan Praktikum Teknologi Bahan.

Laporan praktikum Teknologi Bahan telah kami selesaikan dengan sebaik-

baiknya. Tim penyusun sadar betul bahwa dalam pengerjaan Laporan Praktikum

Teknologi Bahan ini masih banyak kesalahan dan kekurangan. Untuk kebaikan

Laporan Praktikum Teknologi Bahan kami sangat membutuhkan kritik dan saran

dari berbagai pihak untuk pembelajaran kedepanya.

Akhir kata semoga Laporan Praktikum Teknologi Bahan bisa berguna dan

bermanfaat untuk proses kegiatan belajar mengajar.

Bengkulu, Mei 2017

Tim Penyusun

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DAFTAR ISI

KATA PENGANTAR .......................................................................................... i


DAFTAR ISI ......................................................................................................... ii
BAB I PENDAHULUAN ................................................................................... 1
1.1 Latar Belakang ................................................................................................. 1
1.2 Maksud & Tujuan ............................................................................................ 1
1.3 Metode Penelitian ............................................................................................ 1
1.4 Lokasi & Waktu ............................................................................................... 2
BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA ........................................................................ 8
2.1 Agregat Halus (Pasir) ....................................................................................... 9
2.2 Agregat Kasar ................................................................................................. 10
2.3 Ukuran Butir ................................................................................................... 11
2.4 Kandungan Butiran Halus .............................................................................. 11
2.5 Pengembangan Volume Pasir ........................................................................ 12
2.6 Uji Fisis .......................................................................................................... 13
2.7 Beton .............................................................................................................. 14
2.8 Uji Fisis Bata Merah ...................................................................................... 14
BAB III UJI FISIS ............................................................................................. 15
3.1 Kadar Air ........................................................................................................ 15
3.1.1 Maksud dan Tujuan ......................................................................... 15
3.1.2 Landasan Teori ................................................................................ 15
3.1.3 Alat dan Bahan ............................................................................... 16
3.1.4 Langkah Kerja ................................................................................. 17
3.1.5 Rumus yang Digunakan .................................................................. 17
3.1.6 Hasil dan Pembahasan ..................................................................... 19
3.1.6.1 Hasil ................................................................................. 19
3.1.6.2 Pembahasan ...................................................................... 19
3.1.7 Kesimpulan ..................................................................................... 23
3.1.8 Dokumentasi ................................................................................... 23
3.2 Kadar Air ....................................................................................................... 26
3.2.1 Maksud dan Tujuan ........................................................................ 26

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3.2.2 Landasan Teori ............................................................................... 26


3.2.3 Alat dan Bahan ............................................................................... 27
3.2.4 Langkah Kerja ................................................................................ 29
3.2.5 Rumus yang Digunakan ................................................................. 30
3.2.6 Hasil dan Pembahasan .................................................................... 31
3.2.6.1 Hasil ................................................................................. 31
3.2.6.2 Pembahasan ...................................................................... 35
3.2.7 Kesimpulan ..................................................................................... 35
3.2.8 Dokumentasi ................................................................................... 36
3.3 Kadar Organik ............................................................................................... 38
3.3.1 Maksud dan Tujuan ........................................................................ 38
3.3.2 Landasan Teori ............................................................................... 38
3.3.3 Alat dan Bahan ............................................................................... 39
3.3.4 Langkah Kerja ................................................................................ 40
3.3.5 Hasil dan Pembahasan .................................................................... 41
3.3.5.1 Hasil ................................................................................. 41
3.3.5.2 Pembahasan ...................................................................... 41
3.3.6 Kesimpulan ..................................................................................... 41
3.3.7 Dokumentasi ................................................................................... 42
3.4 Berat Isi .......................................................................................................... 43
3.4.1 Maksud dan Tujuan ......................................................................... 43
3.4.2 Landasan Teori ................................................................................ 43
3.4.3 Alat dan Bahan ................................................................................ 43
3.4.4 Langkah Kerja ................................................................................. 46
3.4.5 Rumus yang Digunakan .................................................................. 48
3.4.6 Hasil dan Pembahasan ..................................................................... 49
3.4.6.1 Hasil ................................................................................. 49
3.4.6.2 Pembahasan ...................................................................... 55
3.4.7 Kesimpulan ..................................................................................... 55
3.4.8 Dokumentasi ................................................................................... 56
3.5 Berat Jenis dan Penyerapan ........................................................................... 58
3.5.1 Maksud dan Tujuan ........................................................................ 58

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3.5.2 Landasan Teori ............................................................................... 58


3.5.3 Alat dan Bahan ............................................................................... 59
3.5.4 Langkah Kerja ................................................................................. 61
3.5.5 Rumus yang Digunakan .................................................................. 63
3.5.6 Hasil dan Pembahasan ..................................................................... 65
3.5.6.1 Hasil ................................................................................. 65
3.5.6.2 Pembahasan ...................................................................... 65
3.5.7 Kesimpulan ..................................................................................... 69
3.5.8 Dokumentasi ................................................................................... 70
3.6 Analisa Saringan ............................................................................................ 73
3.6.1 Maksud dan Tujuan ......................................................................... 73
3.6.2 Landasan Teori ................................................................................ 73
3.6.3 Alat dan Bahan ................................................................................ 74
3.6.4 Langkah Kerja ................................................................................. 76
3.6.5 Rumus yang Digunakan .................................................................. 76
3.6.6 Hasil dan Pembahasan ..................................................................... 77
3.6.6.1 Hasil ................................................................................. 77
3.6.6.2 Pembahasan .................................................................... 100
3.6.7 Kesimpulan ................................................................................... 100
3.6.8 Dokumentasi ................................................................................. 101
BAB IV MIX DESIGN ..................................................................................... 103
BAB V PENCETAKAN BETON DAN PERAWATAN ............................... 106
5.1 Pelaksanaan Campuran Beton ...................................................................... 106
5.2 Alat dan Bahan ............................................................................................. 106
5.3 Langkah Kerja .............................................................................................. 109
5.4 Perawatan Benda Uji .................................................................................... 110
5.5 Dokumentasi ................................................................................................ 111
BAB VI UJI KUAT TEKAN BETON ........................................................... 114
6.1 Definisi ......................................................................................................... 114
6.2 Maksud dan Tujuan ...................................................................................... 114
6.3 Alat dan Bahan ............................................................................................. 115
6.4 Langkah Kerja .............................................................................................. 117

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6.5 Hasil dan Pembahasan .................................................................................. 117


6.5.1 Hasil .............................................................................................. 117
6.6 Dokumentasi ................................................................................................ 120
BAB VII SIFAT FISIS BATA MERAH ....................................................... 123
7.1 Pemeriksaan Bentuk, Tekstur, dan Warna Bata ........................................... 123
7.2 Pemeriksaan Dimensi Bata .......................................................................... 125
BAB VIII SIFAT MEKANIS BATA MERAH ............................................ 126
8.1 Pengujian Kuat Tekan Bata .......................................................................... 126
8.2 Pengujian Absorbsi Bata .............................................................................. 131
8.3 Pembahasan .................................................................................................. 133
8.4 Kesimpulan .................................................................................................. 134
BAB IX PENUTUP ......................................................................................... 135
9.1 Kesimpulan .................................................................................................. 135
9.2 Saran ............................................................................................................ 135