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Voltage transducer DVL 2000/SP9

VPN = 2000 V

For the electronic measurement of voltage: DC, AC, pulsed..., with galvanic separation
between the primary and the secondary circuit.

Features Applications

Bipolar and insulated measurement up to 3000 V Single or three phase inverters


Current output Propulsion and braking choppers
Input and output connections with M5 studs Propulsion converters
Compatible with AV 100 family. Auxiliary converters
High power drives
Special feature Substations.
Connection of secondary: 3 M5 threaded studs.
Standards
Advantages EN 50155: 2007
Low consumption and low losses EN 50178: 1997
Compact design EN 50124-1: 2001
Good behavior under common mode variations EN 50121-3-2: 2006
Excellent accuracy (offset, sensitivity, linearity) UL 508: 2010.
Good response time Application Domains
Low temperature drift
High immunity to external interferences. Traction (fixed and onboard)
Industrial.

N 90.H9.69.009.0 Page 1/9

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DVL 2000/SP9

Absolute maximum ratings

Parameter Symbol Value


Maximum supply voltage (VP = 0 V, 0.1 s) UC 34 V

Maximum supply voltage (working) (- 40 .. 85 C) UC 26.4 V

Maximum input voltage (- 40 .. 85 C) VP 3 kV


2000 V
Maximum steady state input voltage (- 40 .. 85 C) VPN
see derating on figure 2

Absolute maximum ratings apply at 25 C unless otherwise noted.


Stresses above these ratings may cause permanent damage.
Exposure to absolute maximum ratings for extended periods may degrade reliability.

UL 508: Ratings and assumptions of certification

File # E189713 Volume: 2 Section: 7

Standards
USR indicated investigation to the Standard for Industrial Control Equipment UL 508.
CNR Indicated investigation to the Canadian standard for Industrial Control Equipment CSA C22.2 No. 14-13

Conditions of acceptability

When installed in the end-use equipment, consideration shall be given to the following:

1 - These devices must be mounted in a suitable end-use enclosure.

2-T
 he terminal have not been evaluated for field wiring.

3-L
 ow voltage circuits are intended to be powered by a circuit derived from an isolating source (such as transformer, optical
isolator, limiting impedance or electro-mechanical relay) and having no direct connection back to the primary circuit (other
than through the grounding means).

Marking

Only those products bearing the UL or UR Mark should be considered to be Listed or Recognized and covered under ULs
Follow-Up Service. Always look for the Mark on the product.

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DVL 2000/SP9

Insulation coordination

Parameter Symbol Unit Value Comment

Rms voltage for AC insulation test, 50 Hz, 1 min Ud kV 8.5 100 % tested in production

Impulse withstand voltage 1.2/50 s W kV 12

Partial discharge extinction rms voltage @ 10 pC Ue V 2700

Insulation resistance RIS M 200 measured at 500 V DC

See Shortest distance through


Clearance (pri. - sec.) dCI mm
dimensions air
drawing on Shortest path along device
Creepage distance (pri. - sec.) dCp mm page 9 body
V0 according
Case material - -
to UL 94
Comparative tracking index CTI V 600

VHT+ + VHT 4.2


Maximum DC common mode voltage kV
|VHT+ - VHT| VPM

Environmental and mechanical characteristics

Parameter Symbol Unit Min Typ Max


Ambient operating temperature TA C -40 85

Ambient storage temperature TS C -50 90

Mass m g 270

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DVL 2000/SP9

Electrical data
At TA = 25 C, UC = 24 V, RM = 100 , unless otherwise noted.
Lines with a * in the conditions column apply over the -40 .. 85 C ambient temperature range.
Parameter Symbol Unit Min Typ Max Conditions

Primary nominal rms voltage VPN V 2000 *

Primary voltage, measuring range VPM V -3000 3000 *


See derating on figure 2.
For VPM< 3000 V, max
Measuring resistance RM 0 133 *
value of RM is given
on figure 1
Secondary nominal rms current ISN mA 50 *

secondary current IS mA -75 75 *

Supply voltage UC V 13.5 24 26.4 *

Rise time of UC (10-90 %) trise ms 100


Current consumption @ UC = 24 V
IC mA 20 + IS 25 + IS
at VP = 0 V
Offset current IO A -50 0 50 100 % tested in production
-120 120 -25 .. 85 C
Temperature variation of IO IOT A
-150 150 -40 .. 85 C
Sensitivity G A/V 25 50 mA for primary 2000 V

Sensitivity error G % -0.2 0 0.2

Thermal drift of sensitivity GT % -0.5 0.5 *

Linearity error L % -0.5 0.5 * 3000 V range


-0.5 0.5 25 C; 100 % tested in
Overall accuracy XG % of VPN * production
-1 1 - 40 .. 85 C
Output rms current noise Ino A 10 1 Hz to 100 kHz

Reaction time @ 10 % of VPN tra s 30

Response time @ 90 % of VPN tr s 50 60 0 to 2000 V step, 6 kV/s


14 -3 dB
Frequency bandwidth BW kHz 8 -1 dB
2 -0.1 dB
Start-up time tstart ms 190 250 *

Primary resistance R1 M 11.3 *

Total primary power loss @ VPN PP W 0.35 *

Definition of typical, minimum and maximum values


Minimum and maximum values for specified limiting and safety conditions have to be understood as such as well as values shown
in typical graphs.
On the other hand, measured values are part of a statistical distribution that can be specified by an interval with upper and lower
limits and a probability for measured values to lie within this interval.
Unless otherwise stated (e.g. 100 % tested), the LEM definition for such intervals designated with min and max is that the
probability for values of samples to lie in this interval is 99.73 %.
For a normal (Gaussian) distribution, this corresponds to an interval between -3 sigma and +3 sigma. If typical values are not
obviously mean or average values, those values are defined to delimit intervals with a probability of 68.27 %, corresponding to an
interval between -sigma and +sigma for a normal distribution.
Typical, maximal and minimal values are determined during the initial characterization of a product.
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DVL 2000/SP9

Typical performance characteristics

500 100
Maximum measuring resistance

Minimum measuring resistance


90 Uc = 24 V
400 80
Uc = 15 V
70
300 60
(Ohm)

(Ohm)
50
200 40
30
100 TA = -40 .. 85 C 20 TA = -40 .. 85 C
UC = 13.5 to 26.4 V 10
0 0
0 1000 2000 3000 4000 0 500 1000 1500 2000
Measuring range (V) Nominal input voltage (V)
Figure 1: Maximum measuring resistance Figure 2: Minimum measuring resistance;
For TA under 80 C, the minimum measuring
resistance is 0 whatever UC

250 1.20
Max Max
Electrical offset drift (A)

Typical
0.80
Overall accuracy (%)

150 Typical Min


Min
0.40
50
0.00
-50
-0.40
-150
-0.80

-250 -1.20
-50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100

Ambient temperature (C) Ambient temperature (C)


Figure 3: Electrical offset thermal drift Figure 4: Overall accuracy in temperature

0.8
Max
0.6 Mean
Min
Sensitivity drift (%)

0.4
0.2
0.0
-0.2
-0.4 Input VP: 400 V/div
Output IS: 10 mA/div
-0.6 Timebase: 20 s/div
-0.8
-50 -25 0 25 50 75 100

Ambient temperature (C)


Figure 5: Sensitivity thermal drift Figure 6: Typical step response (0 to 2000 V)
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DVL 2000/SP9

Typical performance characteristics (continued)

45 35
40 30

Typical supply current (mA)


Typical supply current (mA)

35
25
30
25 20
20 15
15 Uc = 15 V
10
10 TA = 25 C, VP = 0 V Uc = 24 V
5
5
0 0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100
Supply voltage ( V) Ambient temperature (C)

Figure 7: Supply current function of supply voltage Figure 8: Supply current function of temperature

180
10
0 120

-10 60
Phase (deg)
Gain (dB)

-20 0
-30
-60
-40
-120
-50
-180
-60 0.01 0.1 1 10 100
0.01 0.1 1 10 100
Frequency (kHz)
Frequency (kHz)

Figure 9: Typical frequency and phase response

0.1 0
0 -10
-0.1 -20
-0.2
-30
-0.3
Phase(deg)
Gain (dB)

-0.4 -40
-0.5 -50
-0.6 -60
-0.7 -70
-0.8
-80
-0.9
-1 -90
0.01 0.1 1 10 0.01 0.1 1 10

Frequency (kHz) Frequency (kHz)

Figure 10: Typical frequency and phase response (detail)

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DVL 2000/SP9

Typical performance charateristics (continued)

Input VP: 1000 V/div Input VP: 1000 V/div


Output IS: 4 mA/div Output IS: 500 s/div
Timebase: 100 s/div Timebase: 20 s/div

Figure 11: T
 ypical common mode perturbation Figure 12: D
 etail of typical common mode perturbation
(2000 V step with 6 kV/s RM = 100 ) (2000 V step with 6 kV/s RM = 100 )

-100 1E-4
-105
-110
1E-5
-115
(dBVrms/rtHz)

Ino (A rms)

-120
-125 1E-6
-130
-135
1E-7
-140
en0

-145
-150 1E-8
0.001 0.01 0.1 1 10 100 0.001 0.01 0.1 1 10 100 1000
Frequency (kHz) Frequency (kHz)

Figure 13: Typical noise voltage density eno Figure 14: Typical total output current noise (rms)
with RM = 50 with RM = 50
(fc is upper cut-off frequency of bandpass,
low cut off frequency is 1 Hz)

0.08 Figure 13 (noise voltage density) shows that there are no


significant discrete frequencies in the output.
0.06
Figure 14 confirms the absence of steps in the total
Linearity error (% of 2 kV)

0.04 output current noise that would indicate discrete frequencies.


To calculate the noise in a frequency band f1 to f2, the formula
0.02
is:
0.00
Ino(f1 to f2) = Ino(f2) Ino(f1) 2 2

-0.02
with Ino(f) read from figure 14 (typical, rms value).
-0.04
-0.06 Example:
What is the noise from 10 to 100 Hz?
-0.08 Figure 14 gives Ino(10 Hz) = 0.26 A and Ino(100 Hz) = 0.8 A.
-3000 -2000 -1000 0 1000 2000 3000 The output rms current noise is therefore.

Primary voltage (V)
(0.8 10 ) (0.2610 ) = 0.76 A
6 2 6 2

Figure 15: Typical linearity error at 25 C

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DVL 2000/SP9

Performance parameters definition


The schematic used to measure all electrical parameters are: Sensitivity and linearity
To measure sensitivity and linearity, the primary voltage (DC) is
+UC
cycled from 0 to VPM, then to -VPM and back to 0 (equally spaced
+ VPM/10 steps).
+HV
The sensitivity G is defined as the slope of the linear
VP M IS RM regression line for a cycle between VPM.
0V
The linearity error L is the maximum positive or negative
-HV
difference between the measured points and the linear
-
-UC
regression line, expressed in % of the maximum measured
value.
Isolation
barrier
Electrical offset
The electrical offset voltage IOE is the residual output current
Figure 16: S
 tandard characterization schematics for when the input voltage is zero.
current output transducers (RM = 50 unless The temperature variation IOT of the electrical offset current
otherwise noted) IOE is the variation of the electrical offset from 25 C to the
Transducer simplified model considered temperature.
The static model of the transducer at temperature TA is: Overall accuracy
The overall accuracy XG is the error at VPN, relative to the
IS = GVP + error rated value VPN.
In which It includes all errors mentionned above.
error = IOE + IOT (TA) + GGVP + GT (TA)GVP + LGVPM
Response and reaction times
IS : secondary current (A) The response time tr and the reaction time tra are shown in the
G : sensitivity of the transducer (A/V) next figure.
VP : primary voltage (V) Both depend on the primary voltage dv/dt. They are measured
VPM : primary voltage, measuring range (V) at nominal voltage.
TA : ambient operating temperature (C)
IOE : electrical offset current (A)
IOT (TA) : temperature variation of IO at
temperature TA (A) 100 %
G : sensitivity error at 25 C 90 %
GT (TA) : thermal drift of sensitivity at
IS
temperature TA Vp
L : linearity error
tr
This is the absolute maximum error. As all 10 %
errors are independent, a more realistic way to
calculate the error would be to use the following formula: tra t

error = (error component) 2


Figure 17: Response time tr and reaction time tra

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DVL 2000/SP9

Dimensions (in mm)

Connection
Uc
I

Uc

Mechanical characteristics Safety

General tolerance 1 mm
Transducer fastening 2 holes 6.5 mm
2 M6 steel screws This transducer must be used in electric/electronic equipment
Recommended fastening torque 4 Nm with respect to applicable standards and safety requirements
Connection of primary 2 M5 threaded studs in accordance with the manufacturers operating instructions.
Recommended fastening torque 2.2 Nm
Connection of secondary 3 M5 threaded inserts
Recommended fastening torque 2.2 Nm

Caution, risk of electrical shock


Remarks
VS is positive when a positive voltage is applied on +HV. When operating the transducer, certain parts of the module
The transducer is directly connected to the primary voltage. can carry hazardous voltage (eg. primary connections,
The primary cables have to be routed together all the way. power supply). Ignoring this warning can lead to injury and/
The secondary cables also have to be routed together all the or cause serious damage. This transducer is a build-in
way. device, whose conducting parts must be inaccessible after
Installation of the transducer is to be done without primary or installation. A protective housing or additional shield could
secondary voltage present be used. Main supply must be able to be disconnected.
Installation of the transducer must be done unless otherwise
specified on the datasheet, according to LEM Transducer
Generic Mounting Rules. Please refer to LEM document
NANE120504 available on our Web site: Products/Product
Documentation.

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