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BEAM FORMULAS WITH SHEAR AND MOMENT DIAGRAMS

Uniformly Distributed Load


E = modulus of elasticity, psi
I = moment of inertia, in. V = shear force, lbs.
L = span length of the bending member, ft. W = total uniform load, lbs.
R = span length of the bending member, in. w = load per unit length, lbs./in.
M = maximum bending moment, in.-lbs. = deflection or deformation, in.
P = total concentrated load, lbs. X = horizontal distance from reaction
R = reaction load at bearing point, lbs. to pointon beam, in.

Uniform Load Partially Distributed


Uniform Load Partially Distributed at One End

Uniform Load Partially Distributed at Each End


Load Increasing Uniformly to One End

Load Increasing Uniformly to Center


Concentrated Load at Center

Concentrated Load at Any Point


Two Equal Concentrated Loads Symmetrically Placed


Two Equal Concentrated Loads Unsymmetrical Placed

Two Unequal Concentrated Loads Unsymmetrical Placed


Uniformly Distributed Load

Concentrated Load at Free End

Concentrated Load at Any Point

Beam Fixed at One End, Supported at Other Uniformly Distributed Load

Beam Fixed at One End, Supported at Other Concentrated Load at Center


Beam Fixed at One End, Supported at Other Concentrated Load at Any


Point

Beam Overhanging One Support Uniformly Distributed Load

Beam Overhanging One Support Uniformly Distributed Load on Overhang

Beam Overhanging One Support Concentrated Load at End of Overhang

Beam Overhanging One Support Concentrated Load at Any Point Between


Supports

Beam Overhanging Both Supports Unequal Overhangs Uniformly


Distributed Load

Beam Fixed at Both Ends Uniformly Distributed Load

Beam Fixed at Both Ends Concentrated Load at Center

Beam Fixed at Both Ends Concentrated Load at Any Point


Continuous Beam Two Equal Spans Uniform Load on One Span

Continuous Beam Two Equal Spans Concentrated Load at Center of One


Span

Continuous Beam Two Equal Spans Concentrated Load at Any Point

Continuous Beam Two Equal Spans Uniformly Distributed Load

Continuous Beam Two Equal Spans Two Equal Concentrated Loads


Symmetrically Placed

Continuous Beam Two Unequal Spans Uniformly Distributed Load

Continuous Beam Two Unequal Spans Concentrated Load on Each Span


Symmetrically Placed
Problem 637
For the beam loaded as shown in Fig. P-637, determine the deflection 6 ft from the wall. Use E =
1.5 106 psi and I = 40 in4.

Solution 637

RC=80(8)=640 lb

MC=80(8)(4)=2560lbft

tB/C=1EI(AreaBC)XB

tB/C=1EI[12(6)(3840)(2)6(2560)(3)13(6)(1440)(1.5)](123)

tB/C=1EI[27360](123)

tB/C=1(1.5106)(40)[27360](123)

tB/C=0.787968 in

Thus, B = | tB/C | = 0.787968 in answer


Problem 640
Compute the value of at the concentrated load in Prob. 639. Is the deflection upward
downward?

Solution 640

RC=200(8)900=700 lb

MC=200(8)(4)900(6)=1000 lbft

tB/C=1EI(AreaBC)XB

tB/C=1(1.5106)(60)[12(6)(4200)(2)1000(6)(3)13(6)(3600)(15)](123)

tB/C=0.06912 in

= 0.06912 inch downward answer