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Kallam Haranadhareddy

Institute of Technology,
Chowdavarm, Guntur

Department of Mechanical Engineering


Simulation Lab(ANSYS) Manual
1

Kallam Haranadhareddy
Institute of Technology,
Chowdavarm, Guntur

Department of Mechanical Engineering


Simulation Lab(ANSYS) Manual
Name :

Reg No :

Branch :

Year & Semester :

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kallam Haranadhareddy Institute of Technology, 1


Chowdavaram, Guntur
2

TABLE OF CONTENTS

S.No Date Name of the experiment Page. Remarks Signature


No

1 DETERMINATION OF DEFLECTION
AND STRESSES IN 2D TRUSS

2 DETERMINATION OF DEFLECTION
AND STRESSES IN 3D TRUSS

3 DETERMINATION OF DEFLECTION
AND STRESSES IN 2D BEAM

4 DETERMINATION OF DEFLECTION
AND STRESSES IN 2D BEAM

5 ANALYSIS OF PLANE STRESS,


PLANE STRAIN AND
AXISYMMETRIC PROBLEMS

6 STRESSES IN 3D SOLID
STRUCTURES

7 STRESSES IN 3D SHELL
STRUCTURES

8 MODE FREQUENCY AND


HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF A 2D
BEAM

9 STEADY STATE THERMAL


ANALYSIS OF PLANE AND
AXISYMMETRIC COMPONENTS

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Ex.No:1 Date:

DETERMINATION OF DEFLECTION AND STRESSES IN 2D TRUSS

Aim: To determine the deflection and stresses in a 2-Dimensional truss

3.118m
3.6m 3.6m 3.6m

Hardware required:

1. Pentium 4 processor.
2. 500MB RAM.
3. VGA colour monitor.
4. 2 GB hard disk free space.
5. Colour printer.

Software required:
1. Windows XP O.S.
2. ANSYS 14.5
Procedure:
1. Open a new file with ANSYS and name it as 2D truss
2. Define the type of element:
<Preprocessor> <Element Type> <Add/Edit/Delete> <Add> <OK>
<Structural Link..2D Spar> <OK>\
3. Define the real constants
<Real Constants> <Add> <OK>
Area for this element = 3250 mm2
4. Define element material properties:
<Preprocessor> <Material Props>< material models>structural>linear
>elastic>Isotropic
(i) Youngs modulus EX = 200000

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(ii) Poisons ratio PRXY = 0.3


5. Create a model:
<Preprocessor> <ModelingCreate><Nodes><In Active CS>
Input the coordinates (0, 0), (1800, 3118), (3600, 0), (5400, 3118), (7200, 0),
(9000, 3118), (10800, 0) of node 1, 2, 7 respectively. >OK.
6. <Elements> <Auto Numbered>Thru Nodes>
> click on nodes 1 and 2, hit Apply>click on nodes 2 and 3, hit Apply>click on nodes 3
and 4, hit Apply >OK
7. Apply Constraints
Preprocessor <Loads> Apply> <StructuralDisplacement> <On Nodes>
Pick the node 1.Hit Apply.<All DOF> Hit Apply .Pick the node 7. Hit Apply
Choose <FY > Hit Apply.>Pick the node 4. Hit Apply
8. Apply loads
Preprocessor <Loads><Apply><StructuralForces/Moments> <On Nodes>
>Pick the node 1, hit APPLY>Set Fy to 280000 , hit OK
>Pick the node 3, hit APPLY>Set Fy to 210000 , hit OK
>Pick the node 5, hit APPLY>Set Fy to 280000 , hit OK
>Pick the node 7, hit APPLY>Set Fy to 360000 , hit OK
9. <Solution><-Solve- Current LS> OK
10. <General Postproc> <Plot Results>
<Deformed Shape>def+ undef shape>

11. <General Postprocessor> <List Results> <Nodal solution>


NODE UX UY
1 .00000 .00000
2 3.0836 -3.5033
3 .74604 -6.5759
4 1.5916 -7.2363

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5 2.3127 -6.9923
6 -.49736E-01 -3.7330
7 3.1334 .00000

MAXIMUM ABSOLUTE VALUES


NODE 7 4
VALUE 3.1334 -7.2363

12. <General Postprocessor> <List Results><Reaction Solu> all items> Gives Reaction
Forces
NODE FX FY
13. <General Postprocessor> <Element table > define table >Add
Enter the following parameters
User label for item :SAXL
Item, component, results data item : select By sequence num>LS>LS,1
Click on OK and close the element table data window.
14. Element table>Plot Element table >Click OK
15. <General Postprocessor> <Element table>List Element table

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Ex.No:2 Date:

DETERMINATION OF DEFLECTION AND STRESSES IN 3D TRUSS

Aim: To determine the deflections, stresses and reactions at the supports in a 3-Dimensional
truss shown. The supports that lie in the yz plane are fixed. The truss members are made of
aluminum with a cross sectional area of 625mm2 and an elastic modulus of 200GPa steel with a
cross sectional area of 300mm2 and an elastic modulus of 130GPa.

Hardware required:

1. Pentium 4 processor.
2. 500MB ram.
3. VGA colour monitor.
4. 2 GB hard disk free space.
5. Colour printer.

Software required:
1. Windows xp O.S.
2. ANSYS 14.5
Procedure:
1. Open a new file with ANSYS and name it as 2D truss
2. Define the type of element:

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<Preprocessor> <Element Type> <Add/Edit/Delete> <Add> Link) > (3D 180)> OK


3. Preprocessor > Real constants > Add/Edit/Delete > (Add) > Type 1 > OK
(Area = 1, Initial strain = 0) > OK
Add/Edit/Delete > (Add) > Type 1 > OK
(Area =0.5, Initial strain = 0) > OK
4. Preprocessor > Material properties > Material models > Structural > Linear > Elastic >
Isotropic > EX = 2e6, PRXY = 0.3 4. From Material model window menu: Select new
model > Define material id 2 > OK
5. Material properties > Material models > Structural > Linear > Elastic > Isotropic
Enter EX = 1.3e6 and PRXY = 0.3
6. Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Nodes > In active CS

7. Utility Menu : Plot ctrls > Numbering > (turn NODE =on)> Utility Menu : List >
Nodes>. Utility Menu : Plot ctrls > Pan, Zoom, Rotate ,Click ISO
8. Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Elements > Element attributes ( Make sure
Material 1 and Real constant set 1 are active) for creating aluminum truss members
9. Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Elements > Auto numbered > Thru nodes

10. Preprocessor > Modeling > Create >Elements > Element attributes ( Make sure Material
2 and Real constant set 2 are active) for creating the steel member
11. Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Elements > Auto numbered > Thru nodes

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12. Solution > Define loads > Apply > Structural > Displacement > On nodes
Select nodes 1, 2 and 3 > OK > Select All DOF > Constant value >Displacement value =
0 > OK
13. Solution > Define loads > Apply > Structural > Force / Moment > On nodes
(Pick node 4 > OK > FY > Constant value > 10000 > OK
14. Solution > Solve > Current LS > OK
15. General Postproc > Plot results > Deformed Shape > (Def + Undef edge) > OK
16. <General Postprocessor> <List Results> <Nodal solution>
NODE UX UY

17. <General Postprocessor> <List Results><Reaction Solu> all items>


Reaction Forces
NODE FX FY

Ex.No:3 Date:

DETERMINATION OF DEFLECTION AND STRESSES IN 2D BEAM

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AIM: To determine the deflections, support reactions and stresses in the 2D beam shown.

Hardware required:

1. Pentium 4 processor.
2. 500MB ram.
3. VGA colour monitor.
4. 2 GB hard disk free space.
5. Colour printer.

Software required:
1. Windows xp O.S.
2. ANSYS 14.5
Procedure:

1. <Preprocessor> <Element Type><Add/Edit/Delete><Add><OK>

<beam > structural Beam..3 node 189><OK>

2,<Preprocessor><Material Props> < material models>structural>


linear>elastic>Isotropic
I. Youngs modulus EX = 206850e6
II. Poissons ratio PRXY = 0.3 <OK>
3 Sections <Beam>Common sections< dialogue box
Select the C/S B:0.1, H:0.1 >O.K.

4. <Preprocessor><ModelingCreate><key points>
Key point Coordinates
1 (0, 0) Apply

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2 (1.5, 0) Apply
3 (3,0) Apply
4 (5.4,0) Apply
5 (7.2,0)

OK
5.<Preprocessor><ModelingCreate> <lines>straight line
Select key point 1 and 2, 2 and 3, 3 and 4, and 4 and 5> O.K.
6. <Preprocessor><Meshing>Mesh tool> dialogue box ----Set line---select>lines< pick all
>No. of divisions>100
7. Meshing>Mesh tool> Mesh< Select >all>O.K.
8. <Loads><LoadsApply><StructuralDisplacement><On key points>
Pick the key point 1.>Apply <Ux, Uy> Hit Apply>OK
9. Pick the key point 3, 4 and 5.> apply >Deselect <All DOF> Select UY>OK
9. Apply loads<Loads><LoadsApply><StructuralForce /Moment / on <keypoints>
choose keypoint 2<Fy><-22500> O.K.
10.<LoadsApply><StructuralPressure / on <Beams> dialogue box> select box in
dialogue box> Zoom the line 4> select the line>apply> dialogue box> Pressure at
J><18000> < O.K.
11. Save Jobname..db
12. <Solution>Analysis type>Solution control>Solution options>Precondition C.G
<-Solve- Current LS> <OK>Close
13. General post processor>List results<Reaction solution> Fy

NODE FY
1 13700.
5 9393.0
8 16781.
12 15026.

TOTAL VALUES
VALUE 54900.
14. <General Postprocessor>
<Plot Results><Deformed Shape><Def+Undef edge>OK
15. <General Postprocessor><List Results><Nodal solution>
DOF solution< y component of deflection>
DOF solution< Z component of rotation>

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16. <General Postprocessor><Element table>define table> Add


In the Element table window enter the following parameters
User label for item :SMAXI
Item, component, results data item :select By sequence num> NMISC>NMISC, 1
<Apply>
User label for item :SMAXJ
Item, component, results data item :select By sequence num> NMISC>NMISC, 3
Click on OK and close.
16. <General Postprocessor><List Results><Element solution>
<by sequence number>NMISC>NMISC, 1

Ex.No:4 Date:

DETERMINATION OF DEFLECTION AND STRESSES IN 3D BEAM


Aim: To Determine the deflections and support reactions at the corner points of the 3D
beam. Area moment of inertia Ixx = 40000 mm4, Area moment of inertia Iyy = 324000000
mm4 , Area moment of inertia Izz = 333333.33 mm4, Cross sectional area=1200mm2.
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Hardware required:

1. Pentium 4 processor.
2. 500MB ram.
3. VGA colour monitor.
4. 2 GB hard disk free space.
5. Colour printer.

Software required:
1. Windows xp O.S.
2. ANSYS 14.5
Procedure:

1.<Preprocessor> <Element Type><Add/Edit/Delete><Add><OK>

<beam > structural 3D elastic 4><OK>

2.<Preprocessor> on the Main menu <Real Constants>


<Add><OK>
In the real constants for BEAM 3 window enter the following geometric properties
i. Cross sectional area =0.500
ii. Area moment of inertia Ixx = 40000
iii. Area moment of inertia Iyy = 324000000
iv. Area moment of inertia Izz = 333333.33
v. Thickness along z-axis= 60
vi. Thickness along y-axis= 20<OK>

3<Preprocessor><Material Props>< material models>


structural> linear>elastic>Isotropic
I. Youngs modulus EX = 200e3
II. Poissons ratio PRXY = 0.3 <OK>
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4.<Preprocessor><Material Props> < material models>


structural> linear>density
Enter the following density for steel:7800

5.<Preprocessor><ModelingCreate><nodes>
Input the coordinates of the first and last nodes, in the 2D coordinates as

Key point Coordinates


1 (0, 0) Apply
2 (500, 0) Apply
3 (500,20) Apply
4 (0,20) Apply
5 (0,20, -60) Apply
6 (0,0, -60) Apply
7 (500,0, -60) Apply
8 (500,20, -60) OK
6.<Preprocessor><ModelingCreate><Elements>Autonumbered<thru nodes>

Select nodes 1 and 2, 2 and 3, 3 and 4, 4and 1, 1and 6, 6 and 5, 5 and 4, 6 and 7, 7and 8, 8 and
5, 8 and 3, 7 and 2>OK
7.<Plot ctrls> Numbering> Turn on <Keypoints> and <Nodes>
8.<LoadsApply><StructuralDisplacement><On nodes>
Type 1, 6,5,4 >t O.K
<All DOF>Force/moment><On nodes>Pick the node 8.
<Fy> -10000>O.K>Save.db

9.<Solution><Solve- Current LS> <OK>


10.Post processor>List results<Reaction solution>Fy

NODE FY
1 2497.4
4 2497.7
5 2503.6
6 2501.3

TOTAL VALUES
VALUE 10000.

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11. List results<Reaction solution>


List results<Reaction solution> Y component of displacement

NODE UY
1 0.0000
2 -1.2524
3 -1.2525
4 0.0000
5 0.0000
6 0.0000
7 -1.2530
8 -1.2534

MAXIMUM ABSOLUTE VALUES


NODE 8
VALUE -1.2534

12.<General Postprocessor><Plot Results><Deformed Shape><Def+Undef edge>OK.

Ex.No:5 Date:
DETERMINATION OF DEFLECTION AND STRESSES IN 2D PLANE
AIM: To determine the deflection and stresses in the following 2D plane
mm
00
R1

1000 mm

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1000 mm
15

Modulus of elasticity : 200000 N/mm2


Poissons ratio : 0.3
Size : 1m x 1m x 0.01m
Pressure at end : 150N/mm2

1.Plane Stress Analysis:

PROCEDURE
1.<Preferences> <structural>OK>
2. <Element Type><Add/Edit/Delete><Add><OK>
Choose <Structural ..solid >Quad 4node 182>OK>
<Options>Click and hold the element behaviour K3, and select <plane stress >OK>
3.<Real Constants> <Add>OK>
Enter the thickness THK <10<OK>
4.<Preprocessor> <Material Props>< material models> structural>
linear>elastic>Isotropic
Enter the following geometric properties
Youngs modulus EX = 200000 and Poissons ratio PRXY = 0.3
5.<Preprocessor> <ModelingCreate> Areas> Rectangle> By 2 corners>
Enter the following parameters
Width : 1000
Height : 1000 <OK>
6. <ModelingCreate> < Areas> Circle > Solid circle >
Enter the center point coordinates and radius of the circle
WPX : 500
WPY : 500
Radius: 100
<OK>
7. <ModelingOperate>< Boolean> Subtract> Areas
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Pick the rectangle in the graphics window


Click on <OK> in multiple window
Click on <Apply> in subtract areas window
8.<ModelingOperate> < Boolean> Subtract> Areas
Pick the circle in the graphics window
Click on <NEXT> in multiple window
Click on <OK> in multiple window
Click on <OK> in subtract areas window
The rectangle with circular hole is displayed in the graphics window
9.<Preprocessor><Meshing>size controls>Global>Size>
Enter number of element divisions: 20 <OK>
Preprocessor> <Meshing>Mesh> Areas>Free>
Pick the model <OK>
10. <LoadsApply><StructuralDisplacement><symmetry>on lines>
select the top end of the plate
Hit Apply <All DOF> Hit <OK>
11. <Loads> <Apply>e <Structuralpressure> <On lines>
Select bottom end of the plate
In the window that appears
Pressure value : -150 < OK>

12. <Solution><-Solve- Current LS> (Load Step)<OK>

13. <General Postproc><Plot Results> <Deformed Shape>def+ undef shape>

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Max Deflection: 0.87mm

14. <General Postprocessor> < plot results> Nodal solution >


Item to be contoured : stress> Von Mises SEQU>
<OK>

2.Plane Strain Analysis:


Go to
15. Preprocessor<Choose <Element Type> <Add/Edit/Delete>
<Add> <OK>
Choose <Structural ..solid >Quad 8node 82>OK>
<Options> Click and hold the element behaviour K3, and select <plane strain>OK>
>Close back to Preprocessor Window

16. <Solution><-Solve- Current LS> (Load Step)<OK>


17. <General Postproc>Choose <Plot Results><Deformed Shape>def+ undef shape>

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Max Deflection: 0.77mm

18.<General Postprocessor> < plot results> Nodal solution >


Item to be contoured : stress> Von Mises SEQU>
<OK>

3.Axisymmetric Analysis:
19.Preprocessor<Element Type><Add/Edit/Delete><Add><OK>
Choose <Structural ..solid >Quad 8node 82>OK>
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<Options>Click and hold the element behaviour K3, and select <Axisymmetric>OK>
Close back to Preprocessor Window
20.. <Solution> <-Solve- Current LS> (Load Step) <OK>
21. <General Postproc> <Plot Results><Deformed Shape>def+ undef shape>

Max Deflection: 0.815mm

22.<General Postprocessor>< plot results> Nodal solution >


Item to be contoured : stress> Von Mises SEQU>
<OK>

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Ex.No:6 Date:
3D STRESS ANALYSIS OF A THICK OPEN ENDED CYLINDER

Aim: To find the stresses in a thick open-ended cylinder with an internal pressure. The steel
cylinder has an inner radius of 100mm and an outer radius of 250mm. an internal pressure of
100 N/mm2 , E=200GPa, =0.3

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1. Start ANSYS
Use a tetrahedron element for the FEM modeling.
2. Preprocessor -> Element Type -> Add/Edit/Delete -> Add -> select Tet 10node 92 -> OK
-> Close
Enter material property data for steel.
3. Preprocessor -> Material Props -> Material Models . . . -> Structural -> Linear ->
Elastic ->
Isotropic ->Enter EX = 2e5 and PRXY = 0.3 -> OK -> Close.
Create geometry for rectangle 1 inch by 6 inches starting 5 inches from Y axis. This rectangular
area will be revolved 90 degrees about the Y axis to produce the desired volume.
4. Preprocessor -> Create -> Areas -> Rectangle ->By 2 Corners
Define two key points on the Y axis for revolving purposes.
5. Create -> Key points -> In active CS->
Key point number: 10
x, y, z locations: 0, 0, 0.
Key point number: 11
x, y, z locations: 0, 40 ,0.
Revolve the area

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6. Preprocessor -> Operate -> Extrude -> Areas -> About Axis
Pick the area then pick the two key points on the Y axis.
Angle: 90

Now create a mesh of tetrahedral elements using the default settings.


7. Preprocessor -> Mesh -> Volumes -> Free (Pick the solid we just created.)

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Define loads and boundary conditions. Apply an internal pressure of 100 N/mm2 and
displacement constraints that prevent points moving across planes of symmetry and also restrain
rigid body movement in the Y direction.
8. Preprocessor -> Loads ->Apply ->Displacement -> On Areas
Pick the radial surface parallel to the X-Y plane and set uz = 0 . Pick the radial surface parallel
to the Z-Y plane and set ux = 0 . Pick the bottom (or top surface) and set uy = 0 . This last
constraint simply prevents rigid body motion in the Y direction.
9.PlotCntls -> Numbering . . . turn area numbers ON
10.Plot -> Areas

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11.Preprocessor -> Loads ->Apply ->Pressure -> On Areas Pick the inner area of the
cylinder). Enter a pressure of 100

For large 3D problems it is often much faster to use the optional Preconditioned Conjugate
Gradient
method for solving the equations.
12. Solution -> Sol'n Control . . . -> Sol'n Options -> Pre-Condition CG -> OK
13.Solution -> Solve -> Current LS ->OK
14. General Post Processor -> Plot Results -> Deformed Shape . . . ->Def +undeformed ->
OK

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15. General Postprocessor -> Plot Results -> Element Solu . . . (Pick Sx).
SX --------------------------------------

The theoretical solution for this problem is:


At the inside of the cylinder SX = -100N/mm2 and SZ = 166.67 N/mm2
At the outside of the cylinder SX = 0 and SZ = 66.67 N/mm2
Thus the ANSYS calculated results seem to agree pretty well with the theory. But we need to
examine the stresses more closely at the boundaries.
Number the nodes and elements.
16. List -> Results ->Nodal Solution . . . -> Stress -> Components -> OK.
Note that Sx = -100.13 is only 0.13 % different from the exact value of 100, and Sz (hoop) =
166.79 is only 0.12 % different from the theoretical value of 166.67.

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Ex.No:7 Date:
STRESS ANALYSIS OF SHELL STRUCTURES

Aim: To find out the deflections and stresses in a turbine blade with layered composite material
subjected to an internal pressure of 1000psi using shell element.
1. Start ANSYS
Use a tetrahedron element for the FEM modeling.
2. Preprocessor -> Element Type -> Add/Edit/Delete -> Add -> select -> 3D 4node 181>
OK -> Otpions> default> Close
Enter material property data for steel.
3. Preprocessor -> Material Props -> Material Models . . . -> Structural -> Linear ->
Elastic ->
Isotropic ->Enter EX = 190e9 and PRXY = 0.25 -> OK -> Close.
4. Sections> Shells>Layup>Add/Edit > Add layers
Thickness
1>0.1; 2>0.05; 3>0.05; 4>0.05; 5>0.1
Orientation:
1>0; 2>45; 3>90; 4>-45;5>0
Summary
Section controls
O.K
Plot sections
Enter:1

1
LAYER STACKING
OCT 16 2013
ELEM = 0 13:22:05
SECT = 1
LAYERS :
TOTAL = 5
SHOWN :
FROM 1 TO 5

Layer# Material#

1 1
Theta
2 1

0
3 1

45
4 1

90
5 1

-45

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4. Preprocessor -> Create -> Volumes-> Cylinder ->By dimensions


Outer radius: 1
Z1, z2: 0 , 8
Ending angle: 90

1
VOLUMES
OCT 16 2013
TYPE NUM 13:23:32

Y
Z X

5. Preprocessor ->Modeling -> Delete -> Volumes only-> select the created model in GUI -
> ok.
6. Plot menu -> Areas

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7. Preprocessor ->Modeling -> Delete -> Area and below-> select the areas of the model to
be deleted in GUI -> ok.

1
AREAS
OCT 16 2013
TYPE NUM 13:25:34

Z X

8. Preprocessor -> Meshing -> Mesh tool -> Lines : set -> select the left and right end
curved lines of the model in GUI -> No. of element divisions: 25-. Ok.
9. Preprocessor -> Meshing -> Mesh tool -> Lines : set -> select the two longitudinal lines
of the model in GUI -> No. of element divisions: 60 -> Ok.
10. Preprocessor -> Meshing -> Mesh tool -> shape -> Mesh: Areas-> Quad -> Free ->
Mesh -> select the model in GUI -> Ok.

1
ELEMENTS
OCT 16 2013
13:31:14

Z X

11. Solution -> Analysis type -> Static -> Ok.


12. Solution -> Loads -> Define loads -> Apply -> Structural -> Displacement -> On lines -
> select the left end of the curved line of the model in GUI -> All DOF -> Ok.
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13. Solution -> Loads -> Define loads -> Apply -> Structural -> Pressure -> On lines ->
select the right end of the curved line of the model in GUI ->Load Pres value: 5e7
-> Ok.

1
LINES
OCT 16 2013
LINE NUM 13:34:05
U
ROT
PRES
.500E+08
Y L3

Z X

L7

L8

L4

14. Plotctrls -> Style -> Size and Shape -> display of element : on -> Ok.

1 1
ELEMENTS ELEMENTS
OCT 16 2013 OCT 16 2013
13:38:16 13:43:52

ZX

15. Plotctrls -> Style -> Size and Shape -> display of element : off -> Ok.
16. Solution -> Solve -> Current LS -> Ok -> Done.
17. General Post Processor -> Plot Results -> Deformed Shape . . . ->Def +undeformed ->
OK

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1
DISPLACEMENT
OCT 16 2013
STEP=1 13:41:22
SUB =1
TIME=1 Y
DMX =.00601
X
Z

18. General Post Processor -> Plot Results ->contour plot-> Nodal solution-> Dof solution-
>Displacement vector sum
Scale factor: True scale-> OK
Plot ctrls->style-> size and scale-> Display of element-> On -> O.K.

1
NODAL SOLUTION
OCT 16 2013
SUB =1 13:47:06
TIME=1 MX
USUM (AVG)
RSYS=0 Y
DMX =.00601
SMX =.00601 X
Z

MN

0 .001336 .002671 .004007 .005343


.668E-03 .002003 .003339 .004675 .00601

19. General Post Processor -> Plot Results ->contour plot-> Nodal solution->Stres-> Von
mises

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1
NODAL SOLUTION
OCT 16 2013
SUB =1 13:53:51
TIME=1
SEQV (AVG)
DMX =.00601
SMN =.112E+09 Y
SMX =.196E+09
X
Z

MN

MX

.112E+09 .130E+09 .149E+09 .168E+09 .186E+09


.121E+09 .140E+09 .158E+09 .177E+09 .196E+09

20. Plot ctrls->style-> size and scale-> Display of element-> Off-> O.K.
21. Plot Results ->contour plot-> Nodal solution-> Total mechanical strain-> Y
component of strain->O.K.

1
NODAL SOLUTION
OCT 16 2013
SUB =1 13:55:41
TIME=1
EPTOY (AVG)
RSYS=0 Y
DMX =.00601
SMN =.309E-04 X
SMX =.295E-03 Z

MX

MN

.309E-04 .897E-04 .148E-03 .207E-03 .266E-03


.603E-04 .119E-03 .178E-03 .237E-03 .295E-03

22. Plot Results ->vector plot-> Predefined-> Dof solution->Translation U apply->O.K.


23. Query results>

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Ex.No:8 Date
STEADY STATE THERMAL ANALYSIS

Aim: Finding the nodal temperature distribution in a block with the thermal constraints as
shown in the figure. Thermal conductivity (k) of the material is 10 W/m*C and the block is
assumed to be infinitely long.

T= 500C

T= 100C

T= 100C K= 10 W/mC

Hardware required:

1. Pentium 4 processor. T= 100C


2. 500MB ram.
3. VGA colour monitor.
4. 2 GB hard disk free space.
5. Colour printer.

Software required:
1. Windows xp O.S.
2. ANSYS 14.5

Procedure:

1. Preferences>Thermal>O.K.
2. Preprocessor > Element Type > Add/Edit/Delete... > click 'Add' > Select Thermal Mass
Solid, Quad 4Node 55
3. Preprocessor > Material Props > Material Models > Thermal > Conductivity > Isotropic >
KXX = 10
4. Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Areas > Rectangle > By 2 Corners > X=0, Y=0,
Width=1, Height=1
5. Preprocessor > Meshing > Size Cntrls > ManualSize > Areas > All Areas > 0.05
6. Preprocessor > Meshing > Mesh > Areas > Free > Pick All
7. Solution > Analysis Type > New Analysis > Steady-State
8. Solution > Define Loads > Apply >Thermal > Temperature > On Nodes

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33

o Click the Box option (shown below) and draw a box around the nodes on the top
line.

The following window will appear:

o Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a constant temperature of


500
o Using the same method, constrain the remaining 3 sides to a constant value of
100

9. Solution > Solve > Current LS>SOLVE

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10. General Postprocessor > Plot Results > Contour Plot > Nodal Solution ... > DOF
solution, Temperature TEMP

1
NODAL SOLUTION
OCT 25 2013
STEP=1 09:47:39
MX
SUB =1
TIME=1
TEMP (AVG)
RSYS=0
SMN =100
SMX =500

Y
MN X
Z

100 188.889 277.778 366.667 455.556


144.444 233.333 322.222 411.111 500

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Ex.No:9 Date:

MODAL AND HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF A 2D CANTILEVER BEAM

1. Modal Analysis

Aim: To estimate the natural frequencies, mode shapes and to study the harmonic response
of a 2D beam. The cross section, geometry and material properties are as shown in figure.

R,1,0.0001,8.33e-10,0.01 ! Real Const: area,I,height

Hardware required:

1. Pentium 4 processor.
2. 500MB ram.
3. VGA colour monitor.
4. 2 GB hard disk free space.
5. Colour printer.

Software required:
1. Windows xp O.S.
2. ANSYS 14.5

Procedure:

1. Preferences>Structural>O.K.
2. Preprocessor > Element Type > Add/Edit/Delete... > click 'Add' > Select Beam>2D
Elastic 3>O.K.
3. Real constants> Add/Edit/Delete... > click 'Add'>Beam 3>O.K.>Cross sectional
area>0.0001>Area moment of Inertia>8.33e-10>Beam height>0.01>O.K.
4. Preprocessor > Material Props > Material Models > structural> EX=206800e6,
PRXY=0.33, Density=7830, O.K.
5. Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Keypts> K1>0,0,0 and K2>1,0,0,, O.K.
6. Modeling > Create > lines>straight lines> pick Kpt 1 and 2>O.K.

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7. Meshing>Size controls>Manual size>lines>all lines>element edge length>0.1>O.K.


8. Meshing>Mesh>lines>pick all>O.K.
9. Solution > Analysis Type > New Analysis > Modal analysis>O.K.
10. Solution > Analysis Type > Analysis Options..

The following window will appear

o As shown, select the Subspace method and enter 5 in the 'No. of modes to
extract'
o Check the box beside 'Expand mode shapes' and enter 5 in the 'No. of modes to
expand'
o Click 'OK'
o The following window will then appear

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o use the default options so click on OK.

11. Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Displacement > On Keypoints

Fix Keypoint 1 >All DOf>O.K. (ie all DOFs constrained).

12. General Postprocessor > Results Summary...

The following window will appear

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Comparison of Theoretical and ANSYS results.

Mode Theory ANSYS Percent Error


1 8.311 8.300 0.1
2 51.94 52.01 0.2
3 145.68 145.64 0.0
4 285.69 285.51 0.0
5 472.22 472.54 0.1

13. General Postproc > Plot Results > Deformed shape . Select 'Def + undef edge'
14. General Postprocessor > Read Results > First Set

This selects the results for the first mode shape

1. Select General Postproc > Plot Results > Deformed shape . Select 'Def +
undef edge'

The first mode shape will now appear in the graphics window.

2. To view the next mode shape, select General Postproc > Read Results > Next
Set . As above choose General Postproc > Plot Results > Deformed shape .
Select 'Def + undef edge'.
3. The first four mode shapes should look like the following:

1
DISPLACEMENT
OCT 25 2013
STEP=1 12:09:28
SUB =1
FREQ=8.3
DMX =2.26

Y 11 2
9 10
7 8
4 5 6
Z
1 X 3

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1
DISPLACEMENT
OCT 25 2013
STEP=1 12:10:38
SUB =2
FREQ=52.011
DMX =2.26

Y 2
11
Z
1 X 3 10
4 9
5 6 7 8

1
DISPLACEMENT
OCT 25 2013
STEP=1 12:11:55
SUB =3
FREQ=145.638
DMX =2.26

Y 2
4 5
6
3 11
Z
1 X 7
8 10
9

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1
DISPLACEMENT
OCT 25 2013
STEP=1 12:13:12
SUB =4
FREQ=285.513
DMX =2.263

Y 2
7
6 8
Z
1 X 11
3 5 9
4 10

1
DISPLACEMENT
OCT 25 2013
STEP=1 12:14:11
SUB =5
FREQ=472.544
DMX =2.268

Y 2
3 4 8
9
Z
1 X 5
7
11
6 10

15.Animate Mode Shapes

Select Utility Menu (Menu at the top) > Plot Ctrls > Animate > Mode Shape

The following window will appear

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Keep the default setting and click 'OK'

2. Harmonic Analysis

1. Solution > Analysis Type > New Analysis > Harmonic analysis>O.K.

Solution > Analysis Type > Analysis Options

The following window will appear

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o Default options 'OK' .

The following window will appear. Use the default settings (shown below).

2. Apply Loads:
o Select Solution > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Force/Moment > On
Nodes
o Select the node 2 at x=1 (far right)
o Apply a load with a real value of 100 and an imaginary value of 0 in the positive
'y' direction

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3. Set the frequency range


o Solution > Load Step Opts > Time/Frequency > Freq and Substps...
o As shown in the window below, specify a frequency range of 0 - 100Hz, 100
substeps and stepped b.c..

You should now have the following in the ANSYS Graphics window

4. Solution > Solve > Current LS


5. TimeHist Postpro > Variable Viewer... the following window should pop up.

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1. Select Add (the green '+' sign in the upper left corner) from this window and the
following window should appear

2. Nodal Solution > DOF Solution > Y-Component of displacement. Click OK.
3. Graphically select node 2 when prompted and click OK. The 'Time History
Variables' window should now look as follows

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6. TimeHist Postpro > List Data

7. Time Hist Postprocessor > Graph

The following graph is observed in the main ANSYS window.

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1
POST26
OCT 26 2013
AMPLITUDE 12:02:23
UY_2

12.5

11.25

10

8.75

7.5

VALU 6.25

3.75

2.5

1.25

0
0 20 40 60 80 100
10 30 50 70 90
FREQ

8. Utility Menu > PlotCtrls > Style > Graphs > Modify Axis

The following window will appear

1. As marked by an 'A' in the above window, change the Y-axis scale to


'Logarithmic'
2. Select Utility Menu > Plot > Replot

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1
POST26
OCT 26 2013
AMPLITUDE 12:06:17
UY_2

1.0E+02

1.0E+01

1.0E+00

VALU 1.0E-01

1.0E-02

1.0E-03

1.0E-04
0 20 40 60 80 100
10 30 50 70 90
FREQ

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