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Coordinating Conjunctions

They link words within a sentence.


NEVER use them to start
sentences.

Subordinating
They are part of the CSV in clauses.
Conjunctions

Subordinating conjunctions

Noun clauses what, that,


Whenever, etc.
Adjectives clauses Relative

pronouns

Concession

Adverbs Clauses Time

Cause- effect
Who?

What?
CONCESSION
Illogical/unexpected
Although she dieted for three months, Aly didnt lose weight.
Dieting for three months, Aly didnt lose weight.

TOEFL (C) (S) Dieting for three months, her weight didnt
change. QUESTIONS
(C) (S) Dieted for three months, Aly didnt lose weight.

What happened
ADVERB CLAUSES TIME first?

Since she had dieted for three months, Aly lost


weight.
Having dieted for three months, Aly lost
weight.
TOEFL Dieting for 3 months. Aly lost weight.
QUESTIONS
(A) (B) (C)

CAUSE-EFFECT

As she diets, Aly loses weight.