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CHEMICAL BONDING
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY- XI
Assignment - 06

Set : 01 Sub : CHEMISTRY Guide : Dr. P.Sarkar Sir


OSP Chemical Bonding : Assignment 06 Set : 1
. Multiple Choice Question : Part I ( Single option correct type) .
1. o-Nitrophenol is more volatile than p-nitro phenol because of
(a) Resonance
(b) Presence of intermolecular hydrogen bonding in the o-isomer
(c) Presence of intramolecular hydrogen bonding in the o-isomer
(d) None of these

2. Amongst LiCl, RbCl, BeCl2 and MgCl2 the compounds with greatest and least ionic character
respectively are
(a) RbCl and LiCl (b) RbCl and BeCl2 (c) RbCl and MgCl2 (d) MgCl2 and BeCl2

3. The molecule which has T-shaped structure is


(a) BCl3 (b) NH3 (c) XeOF2 (d) PCl3

4. The structure of IF5 can be best described as


F F
F o F o o
72 90 90
F F o F F
120 I F o
I 90 I
F F F
F ..
(a) F (b) F (c) (d) none of these

5. The pair having similar geometry is


(a) BF3, NH3 (b) H2O, C2H2 (c) CO2, SO2 (d) NH3, PH3

6. Of the three molecules XeF4, SF4, SiF4 which have tetrahedral structures
(a) all the three (b) only SiF4 (c) both SF4 and XeF4 (d) only SF4 and XeF4

+ 2+ 2
7. If Na ion is larger than Mg ion and S ion is larger than Cl ion, which of the following will be
more covalent.
(a) NaCl (b) Na2S (c) MgCl2 (d) MgS

8. In which of the following molecules/ions are all bonds not equal ?


(a) SF4 (b) SiF4 (c) XeF4 (d) BF4

9. Among HF, CH3OH, N2O4 and CH4 which would have inter molecular hydrogen bonding.
(a) CH3OH, CH4 (b) HF, CH4, CH3OH (c) N2O4, HF (d) HF, CH3OH

10. Paramagnetism is not shown by


(a) O
2 (b) H2+ (c) O2 (d) O2
2

11. Which of the following has highest melting point ?


(a) BeCl2 (b) MgCl2 (c) CaCl2 (d) BaCl2

12. The molecule that has linear structure is


(a) CO2 (b) NO2 (c) SO2 (d) SiO2

13. The molecule which has highest dipole moment amongst the following is
(a) CH4 (b) CHCl3 (c) CCl4 (d) CHI3

3
14. In which of the following the central atom does not use sp hybrid orbitals in its bonding ?
(a) BeF3 (b) OH3+ (c) NH2 (d) NF3

CHEM : Chemical Bonding : Assignment 06 Guide : PS Sir


OSP Chemical Bonding : Assignment 06 Set : 1
15. The type of hybrid orbitals used by the chlorine atom in Cl
is
3 2
(a) sp (b) sp (c) sp (d) none of these

16. The shape of O2F2 is similar to


(a) C2F2 (b) H2O2 (c) H2F2 (d) C2H2

17. The ONO angle is maximum in


(a) NO3 (b) NO2+ (c) NO
2 (d) NO2

18. Which of the following has highest melting point ?


(a) BeCl2 (b) MgCl2 (c) CaCl2 (d) BaCl2

19. The maximum number of 90 angles between bond pair-bond pair of electrons is observed in
3 3 2 3 2
(a) dsp -hybridization (b) sp d-hybridization (c) dsp -hybridization (d) sp d -hybridization

20. The correct increasing bond angle among BF3, PF3 and ClF3 follows the order
(a) BF3 < PF3 < ClF3 (b) PF3 < BF3 < ClF3 (c) ClF3 < PF3 < BF3 (d) BF3=PF3=ClF3

. Multiple Choice Question : Part II ( Single option correct type) .


21. The electronic structure of molecule OF2 is a hybrid of
2 3 3
(a) sp (b) sp (c) sp (d) sd

22. In which of the following the central atom has maximum number of lone pair of electrons ?
(a) SF4 (b) XeF4 (c) ClO
3 (d) I3

23. In which of the following there exists a p-p bonding ?


(a) diamond (b) graphite (c) dimethyl amine (d) trisilylamine

24. The correct order of hybridization of the central atom in the following species NH 3, PCl5 and BCl3
is
2 2 3 3 3 2 2 3 3 2 2 3
(a) dsp , sp and sp (b) sp , sp d, sp (c) dsp , sp , dsp (d) dsp , sp , sp d

25. The correct order of bond angles (smallest first) in H2S, NH3, BF3 and SiH4 is
(a) H2S < NH3 < SiH4 < BF3 (b) NH3 < H2S < SiH4 < BF3
(c) H2S < NH3 < SiH4 < BF3 (d) H2S < NH3 < BF3 < SiH4

26. Lattice energy of an ionic compound depends upon


(a) charge on the ion only (b) size of the ion only
(c) packing of ions only (d) charge on the ion and size of the ion

27. Two element have electronegativity of 1.2 and 3.0. Bond formed between them would be
(a) ionic (b) polar covalent (c) Co-ordination (d) metallic

28. Which of the following two are isostructural ?


(a) XeF2, IF2 (b) NH3, BF3 (c) CO2 2
3 , SO3 (d) PCl5, ICl5

29. The electronic configuration of four elements are given in brackets :


2 2 1 2 2 5 2 2 6 1 2 2 2
L (1s 2s 2p ) ; M (1s 2s 2p ) ; Q (1s 2s 2p 3s ) ; R (1s 2s 2p )
(a) Q (b) M (c) R (d) L

30. The ICl molecule is


(a) purely electrovalent (b) purely covalent
(c) polar with negative end on iodine (d) polar with negative end on chlorine

CHEM : Chemical Bonding : Assignment 06 Guide : PS Sir


OSP Chemical Bonding : Assignment 06 Set : 1
. Multiple Choice Question : ( Single / Multiple option correct type ) .
31. As compared to covalent compounds, electrovalent compounds generally do not have
(a) low melting points and low boiling points (b) low melting points and high boiling points
(c) high melting points and low boiling points (d) high melting points and high boiling points

32. Which of the following molecules is/are not planar ?


(a) XeF4 (b) NF3 (c) SiF4 (d) SF4

33. Which of the following have fractional bond ?


(a) O+
2 (b) O
2 (c) NO (d) H2+

34. Which of the following conduct electricity in the fused state ?


(a) BeCl2 (b) MgCl2 (c) SrCl2 (d) BaCl2

35. The linear structure is assumed by



(a) SnCl2 (b) NCO (c) CS2 (d) NO2+

. Column Matching Type Problem .


36. Match the compounds in Column I with the factors in Column II :

Column- I Column-II
(a) (CH3)3B (p) Square planar
(b) NH4Cl (q) Trigonal bipyramidal

(c) [ICl4] (r) Tetrahedral
(d) PCl5 (s) Trigonal
(t) Ionic

37. Column I lists some of hybridization schemes and Column II lists some of the compounds. Match
each entry of Column I with the compounds mentioned in Column II.

Column I Column II
3
(a) sp (p) Ni(CN)4
2
(b) dsp (q) XeO3
3
(c) dsp (r) SO2
3
2 3
(d) d sp (s) XeF2
(t) XeF4
(u) XeO2F2

. Integer Type Problem .


38. Find the maximum number of hydrogen bonds a water molecule can form.
+
39. What is the bond order in NO ?

CHEM : Chemical Bonding : Assignment 06 Guide : PS Sir


OSP Chemical Bonding : Assignment 06 Set : 1
. Assersion-Reason Type Problem .
In each of the following questions, an Assertion (A) is followed by a corresponding Reason (R). Use
the following keys to choose the appropriate answer :
(a) If both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(b) If both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(c) If (A) is correct, but (R) is incorrect.
(d) If (A) is incorrect, but (R) is correct.

40. Assertion (A) : N(SiH3)3 has a planar geometry while N(CH3)3 has a nonplanar geometry.
3
Reason (R) : Nitrogen orbitals undergo sp hybridization in both N(CH3)3 and N(SiH3)3 molecules.

41. Assertion (A) : HF exists as gaseous form at room temperature.


Reason (R) : Hydrogen bonding is present only when the substance exists as liquid or solid form.

. Comprehension Type Problems .


Passage : The molecular orbital with the lowest energy is filled first. Thus (1s) is filled first whereas
* (2p) is filled in the last, also the maximum number of electron in bonding and antibonding
molecular orbitals are according to Pauli and Hunds rule. As an electron in an antibonding
molecular orbital cancels out the stability introduced by the electron in a bonding molecular orbital,
it means that in order for bonding of atoms to occur there should be an excess of bonding electrons
over antibonding electrons. In case where the number of bonding and antibonding electrons are
equal, no bond will be formed between the atoms. With the help of above discussion, we can define
easily bond order, relative bond length, relative stability and magnetic properties for a molecule.

42. According to MOT which statement is correct about Boron molecule ?


(a) It is diamagnetic in nature
(b) It is paramagnetic in nature having magnetic moment 2.8 B.M. by using spin only formula
(c) It is paramagnetic but having magnetic moment 1.7 B.M.
(d) Its bond order is 2

43. Which of the following are paramagnetic in nature ?


(a) B2, N2 and C2 (b) O2, B2, N2 and O
2 (c) O2 , N2+ and CO (d) B2, C2 and F2

44. Arrange the following in increasing order of bond length.



(I) O2, (II) +
, (III) and (IV) CN
(a) (I) > (II) > (III) > (IV) (b) (IV) > (I) > (III) > (II)
(c) (II) < (I) < (IV) < (III) (d) (IV) < (III) < (I) < (II)

CHEM : Chemical Bonding : Assignment 06 Guide : PS Sir