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PERKEMBANGAN SISTEM PERIODIK UNSUR

Sistem periodik adalah suatu tabel berisi identitas unsur-unsur yang dikemas secara
berkala dalam bentuk periode dan golongan berdasarkan kemiripan sifat-sifat unsurnya.
Beberapa unsur kimia mempunyai sifat yang mirip satu sama lain. Oleh karena kemiripan
sifatnya, unsur unsur tersebut dikelompokkan ke dalam golongan golongan tertentu. Para
ilmuwan Kimia berusaha menyusun dan mengelompokkan unsur unsur yang telah diketahui
berdasarkan kemiripan sifatnya.

Ahli Kimia
Arab dan
Persia

( Lavoisier ) ( Dobereiner )

( Monseley / ( Mendeleyev ) ( Newlands )


SPU Modern )
Dari literatur yang telah kamu baca, diskusikanlah dengan teman sekelompok anda!
1. Apakah tujuan para ahli kimia mengelompokkan unsur-unsur?
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2. Jelaskan pengelompokan unsur menurut Dobereiner, Newlands dan Mendeleev.
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3. Berdasarkan apakah Moseley menyempurnakan sistem periodik Mendeleev?
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4. Berdasarkan apakah Mendeleev menyusun tabel periodik unsur-unsur? Mengapa sistem
periodik dari Mendeleev lebih dikenal daripada model Lothar Meyer?
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