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Practice Exam

Choose the BEST answer

1. Closure of AV valves precede what phase in the

cardiac cycle?
8. A systolic ejection murmur is usually due to
a. Atrial systole a. Aortic regurgitation
b. Isovolumic contraction b. Mitral regurgitation
c. Ejection phase c. Aortic stenosis
d. Diastasis d. Mitral stenosis

2. Which is true regarding the ST interval 9. In the action potential of a non-automatic cell,
opening of long lasting calcium channels is attained
a. Occurs after ventricular diastole upon reaching ___ mv
b. Occurs during ventricular systole
c. Occurs simultaneously with ventricular a. -90mv
diastole b. -65mv
c. -40mv
3. A slight increase in atrial pressure (manifested in d. -20mv
the atrial pressure curve) that is mainly due to a
slight over bulging of the AV valves after the 10. In the action potential diagram of ventricles, the
ventricular pressure exceeds the atrial pressure: opening of Potassium activation gates and closure of
Sodium inactivation gates is attained during what
a. A wave phase?
b. C wave
c. V wave a. Phase 4
d. X wave b. Phase 0
c. Phase 1
4. Opening of the semilunar valves mark the beginning d. Phase 2
of what phase in the cardiac cycle? e. Phase 3

a. Rapid inflow A If item A stimulates/ Increases Item B

b. Reduced inflow B If item A inhibits/Decreases Item B
c. Rapid ejection C Of item A has no Direct effect on item B
d. Reduced ejection
Item A Item B
5. Which follows the P wave in the ECG?
a. Diastasis 11. More (-) intrathoracic pressure --- Venous return
b. Atrial systole 12. Stroke volume ---------------------- Ejection fraction
c. Rapid inflow
d. Reduced ejection 13. Venous compliance --------------- Preload

6. Physiologic splitting is manifested at what phase of 14. Aortic valve stenosis ------------------------ ESV
15. Heart rate 50 bpm ------------------- CO
a. Expiration
b. Inspiration 16. Venous return ---------------------- EDV
c. Either
d. Neither 17. EDV ----------------------------- ESV
7. Main mechanism in which calcium is removed from 18. Cardiac glycoside ------------------- Stoke volume
the myocardial cell is through
a. Calcium pump in the SR membrane
19. Stronger atrial contraction --------- ESV
b. Calcium pump in the sarcolemma
c. Calcium- Sodium exchanger in the SR
20. Mitral valve stenosis ----------------- Stroke volume
d. Calcium- Sodium exchanger in the Sarcolemma
Answer key

1. A

2. B

3. B

4. C

5. B

6. B

7. D

8. C

9. D

10. C

11. A

12. A

13. B

14. A

15. A

16. B

17. B

18. A

19. B

20. B