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LESSON NOTES

Advanced S1 #3
Get the Best Panelists for your
American Seminar

CONTENTS
2 English
3 Vocabulary
3 Sample Sentences
4 Vocabulary Phrase Usage
5 Grammar
7 Cultural Insight

# 3
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ENGLISH

1. JENNIFER: Thank you for taking the time to speak with me today.

2. DANIEL It's my pleasure. What can I do for you?


GIESBRECT:

3. JENNIFER: As part of our seminar, we're going to have a number of workshops,


panel discussions, and speeches. In order to advertise properly, I
need to ask you some questions so that people participating in the
seminar will have an idea of your background.

4. DANIEL Makes sense.


GIESBRECT:

5. JENNIFER: May I begin?

6. DANIEL Go for it.


GIESBRECT:

7. JENNIFER: Who do you work for?

8. DANIEL I am a full-time employee for ExxonMobil. However, I also have a


GIESBRECT: significant number of independent consulting contracts.

9. JENNIFER: What are your main responsibilities at ExxonMobil?

10. DANIEL Currently, I'm the head of the multi-chemical division. We are
GIESBRECT: usually in charge of the crude oil processing, although, sometimes
that can be outsourced.

11. JENNIFER: And where are you based?

12. DANIEL The ExxonMobil headquarters is located in Texas which, fortunately,


GIESBRECT: is where my office is.

CONT'D OVER

ENGLISHCLASS101.COM ADVANCED S1 #3 - GET THE BEST PANELISTS FOR YOUR AMERICAN SEMINAR 2
13. JENNIFER: Are your independent contracts related to your position at
ExxonMobil?

14. DANIEL No and yes. I'm usually contracted because my position is high-
GIESBRECT: profile. However, the contracts I receive are not "because I work at
Exxon."

VOCABULARY

V oc abular y English C lass

obtain goods or services


outsourced from an outside or foreign verb
supplier

usually normally; commonly adverb

pleasure state of feeling very gratified noun

a number of things of a
series similar kind grouped in noun
successive order

head head noun

in a natural or raw state; not


crude yet processed or refined adjective

a liquid derived from


oil petroleum used as lubricant noun
or fuel

at times; now and then;


sometimes occasionally adverb

fortunately luckily, by good fortune adverb

processing perform a series of operations verb

the place that serves as a


managerial and
headquarters administrative center of an noun
organization

room or building where


office people work professionally noun

SAMPLE SENTENCES
ENGLISHCLASS101.COM ADVANCED S1 #3 - GET THE BEST PANELISTS FOR YOUR AMERICAN SEMINAR 3
The logistics department of this company I usually have three meals a day.
is outsourced.

Next time I visit Mexico, I will travel for She takes pleasure in the simple things in
pleasure, not business. life.

There are several series here for you to I don't think that hat will fit my head.
enjoy.

The oceans near Brazil have large deposits I wish I could strike it rich by finding oil on
of crude oil. my property.

Sometimes I like eating big meals. He fortunately was at the library when it
started to rain.

Fortunately, there were two seats open Ive been processing these reports and Ive
side by side. found a few discrepancies.

Our headquarters are located in Buenos I called his office, but I didn't reach him.
Aires.

VOCABULARY PHRASE USAGE

"taking the time"


This phrase is an English idiom. Often it refers to the larger phrase "taking the time out or your
busy schedule." or "taking the time out of your day." "Taking the time" is a shortened version
of that.

What we wanted to point out here is how this phrase fits into the sentence. Specifically, wether

ENGLISHCLASS101.COM ADVANCED S1 #3 - GET THE BEST PANELISTS FOR YOUR AMERICAN SEMINAR 4
to use "you" or "your" directly before it." Many people say "you" because the "you" conjugates
the verb "taking." "Taking the time" is an action that the person performs.

However, some experts hold that, particularly in formal writing, "taking the time" as an idiom
has become a noun phrase and therefore should be possessed by the individual, which
would require the pronoun "your." For me, they both sound right when put in the correct
contexts. If I were talking to an individual person, I'd say, "you taking the time." But if I were
talking to a board of directors at my company, I'd say "your taking the time."

"It's my pleasure"
This is a very polite phrase used to show that you are happy about talking to the other person.
This is often used in response to the phrase "taking the time." These two phrases aren't paired
exactly, but they do happen together frequently.

"crude oil"
This phrase refers to petroleum before it's processed. The adjective "crude" can sometimes
mean "low" or "degrading." as in "That's crude language." to refer to language containing
swear words.

However, in this situation, "crude" is a synonym for "raw" or "unprocessed."

GRAMMAR

The Focus of this Lesson is the Five Types of Adverbs


"Thank you for taking the time to speak with me today."

Adverbs of Manner

Adverbs of manner provide information on how someone does something.

For example:
"Jack drives very carefully."
Adverbs of manner are placed after the verb or at the end of the sentence.

For example:
"Their teacher speaks quickly."

Adverbs of Time

Adverbs of time provide information on when something happens.

ENGLISHCLASS101.COM ADVANCED S1 #3 - GET THE BEST PANELISTS FOR YOUR AMERICAN SEMINAR 5
For example:
"We'll let you know our decision next week."
Adverbs of time are placed after the verb or at the end of the sentence.

For example:
"She visited her friends last year."

Adverbs of Frequency

Adverbs of frequency provide information on how often something happens.

For example:
"They usually get to work at eight o'clock."
Adverbs of frequency are placed before the main verb, not the auxiliary verb.

For example:

1. "He often goes to bed late."

2. "Do you sometimes get up early?"

Adverbs of Degree

Adverbs of degree provide information concerning how much of something is done.

For example:
"They like playing golf a lot."
Adverbs of degree are placed after the verb or entire expression (at the end of the sentence).

For example:
"She'll attend the meeting as well."

Adverbs of Comment

Adverbs of comment provide a comment, or opinion about a situation.

For example:
"Fortunately, there were enough seats left for the concert."
Adverbs of comment are placed at the beginning of a sentence.

For example:
"Luckily, I was able to come to the presentation."

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Important Exceptions to Adverb Placement

Some adverbs are placed at the beginning of a sentence to provide more emphasis.

For example:
"Now you tell me you can't come!"
Adverbs of frequency are placed after the verb "to be" when used as the main verb of the
sentence.

For example:
"Jack is often late for work."
Some adverbs of frequency ("sometimes," "usually," "normally") are also placed at the
beginning of the sentence for emphasis.

For example:
"Sometimes I visit my friends in London."

Adverb Formation

1. Adverbs are usually formed by adding "-ly" to an adjective.


For example: "quiet - "quietly"; "careful" - "carefully"; "careless" - "carelessly"
2. Adjectives ending in "-le" change to "-ly."
For example: "possible" - "possibly"; "probable" - "probably"; "incredible" - "incredibly"
3. Adjectives ending in "-y" change to "-ily."
For example: "lucky" - "luckily"; "happy" - "happily"; "angry" - "angrily"
4. Adjectives ending in "-ic" change to "-ically."
For example: "basic" - "basically"; "ironic" - "ironically"; "scientific" - "scientifically"
Some adjectives are irregular. The most common irregular adverbs are: "good" - "well";
"hard" - "hard"; "fast" - "fast."

CULTURAL INSIGHT

Panel Discussions

A panel discussion is a type of convention panel, which is a forum for discussion of a particular
topic at conventions, seminars, and symposiums. Usually, the discussions and presentations
are related to the topic of the convention itself.

Since the theme of this seminar is "Energy and our Future," the topics for these panel
discussions will probably be about things such as nuclear energy, wind energy, petroleum,

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and other forms of energy production.

They could also deal with reduction in energy costs, alteration of energy taxes and subsidies,
or energy distribution models. Usually, each member of the panel of delegates gives a short
presentation and after all of them are finished with their presentations, the panel is opened up
for discussion and or Q&A, which means "question and answer."

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