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Coiled Tubing Drilling

(Poster Abstract)

Members: Divyesh Sagar, Narsimha Sarma, Bharat Rawat

The use of coiled tubing (CT) to drill horizontal re-entry wells,


sidetracking, and shallow new wells has received considerable interest
in the industry over the last few years. The benefit of being able to drill
at balance, safely and in a controlled manner, with nitrogen to reduce
downhole pressure while drilling highly depleted reservoirs, provides an
advantage over conventional techniques, particularly in reducing
formation damage. For several years, CT has been used to drill scale
and cement in cased wells. Recently, CT has been used (in place of a
rotary drilling rig) to drill vertical and horizontal open holes. At this
time, about 30 openhole CT drilling (CTD) jobs have been performed.

This paper/poster discusses CTD applications and presents an


engineering analysis of CTD. This analysis attempts to define the limits
of what can and cannot be done with CTD. The basic limits associated
with CTD are weight and size, CT force and life, and hydraulic limits. A
common misconception is that a CT-drilling unit is a small self-
contained unit that drives up on location ready to drill with a minimum
of rig up involved. In truth, the typical CT-drilling unit must have much
of the same equipment that a conventional drilling unit has. Even with
those credentials it has quite a lot many advantages over the
conventional method such as higher ROP, underbalanced drilling
situation, faster trips, slimhole capability. Coiled tubing drilling is
known for its speed and ability to drill reservoirs in
an underbalanced condition and CTD can reduce drilling times between
30%-60% compared with conventional jointed pipe drilling
rigs. Therefore, CTD can provide significant economic benefits. It is at
times even used for the purpose of oil recovery from mature oil fields.
The total 2002 CT-drilling-based revenues are estimated to be
approximately U.S. $43,000,000, while drilling revenues are estimated
at approximately U.S. $4,000,000,000. Again, the ability to work with
surface pressure gives a unique advantage to the CTD process. This
capability, combined with reduced pipe handling, helps increase the
safety of the operation and minimizes the risk of spills. CT can have
electric logging line or other signal telemetry options installed that are
fully operational even while tripping. These power and signal paths
significantly increase the communication bandwidth available for
bidirectional telemetry. The hardwired telemetry data transmission
rates surpass any mud pulse telemetry, allowing greater data
acquisition while drilling. CTD operations require fewer service
personnel because of the reduction in pipe-handling requirements. The
market for coiled tubing can be divided into well intervention, drilling
and production services based on the service type being deployed in
the industry. Well intervention services can be segmented into well
cleaning and well completion services. Rising demand of these services
is projected to drive the global coil tubing market in future. Some of the
operations that this industry caters to are circulation, perforation,
logging, pumping and others. The coiled tubing market is getting its
market share mainly from four regions they are North America, Europe,
APAC, and RoW. The American region remains the largest market for
coiled tubing, followed by Europe, Asia-Pacific, and the Middle East in
2015. The recent shale gas expansions in the U.S have drove the
explorations events in this region, thereby increasing the market for CT
services. The Middle East and Africa market remains to be a key
growing area due to cumulative demand from innovative technology in
the oil & gas industry coupled with new investments.