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Program Scope Page 1 of 1

Scope: This program is based on Section 6, of the TEMA Standards, 9th edition. The user is directed
there for additional information regarding this topic. The program can analyze any of the seven
geometries shown in Table V-5.3. These include three straight tube geometries, 2 U-bend geometries
without intermediate U-bend supports and 2 U-bend geometries with U-bend support. The program
covers single phase vapors and liquids as well as 2 phase fluids. Tubes may be either bare or finned.

Paragraph V-9.21 of the TEMA Standards presents a method which can be used to calculate the
reference crossflow velocity for a single phase fluid, in a TEMA E shell with single segmental baffles.
This calculation method is available in the program as an option. For other fluid types, shell
configurations and baffle types, or when the reference crossflow velocity is known, an input field is
provided to simply enter the value so that it can be used to compare to the calculated critical velocity,
and for other comparison calculations.

The tendency towards damaging flow induced vibration is evaluated, in these Standards, based upon
several criteria. The first criteria is the critical flow velocity. This is defined as the minimum crossflow
velocity at which a particular span may vibrate with unacceptably large amplitudes. The design
correlations for estimating the critical flow velocity are given in section V-10 of the TEMA Standards
and are included in the program.

It is also recognized that other mechanisms such as turbulent buffeting and vortex shedding may result
in flow induced vibration at velocities below the critical velocity. Therefore, calculation of the critical
velocity alone is not adequate. It is also recognized that while vortex shedding and/or turbulent buffeting
likely occur in many tube bundles, these phenomena are not necessarily destructive. In order for these to
be a problem, the associated amplitudes of vibration need to be significant. Section V-11 of the TEMA
Standards provides correlations to evaluate these amplitudes, as well as acceptable limits to be observed.
These correlations are also part of the program.

Finally, if the shellside fluid is a vapor, then the possibility of acoustic vibration needs to be evaluated.
While acoustic vibration is not normally destructive to the tubes, it can be unacceptably loud in nature
and thus should be avoided. Section V-12 of the TEMA Standards includes a method to evaluate this
phenomenon, as well as acceptance criteria. This too is included in the program.

To assist the user in determining the density and Modulus of Elasticity of the tube material, data files are
incorporated into the program for each of the materials included in Tables D-10 & D-11 of Section 9 of
the TEMA Standards.

mk:@MSITStore:C:\PROGRA~2\TEMA\FIVHelp.chm::/html/fivh8dlx.htm 14-11-2016