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SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH 2OI7

PEPERIKSAAI\ PERCUBAAN SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA


BIOLOGY 4s5lll
Kertas I
Ogos 2017
I % janr Satu jam lima belas minit

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAII INI SETIINGGA DIBERITAHU

l. Kertas peperiksaan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa.

2, Soalan dalam bbhasa Inggeris mendahului soalan yang sepadan dalam bahasa Melayu.

3. Calon ditehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman belalung kertas peperiksaan ini.

Kertss roalen inimengandungi 28 halaman bercetak'

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rcfer to a cell comPonenL


l. The following statements ^-,
set'
;,';;;;;;;;;r;it nterttiuk kepada satu komponen

sYnthesis of Proteins in the


cell'
r Contains gcnctic msterisfs fo' tftt di dalam sel'
tigi prorein
Mengandungi bot o, g'n"ii iensintesis
. Functions
'n in the coordination ofcell activities' -
riiriii irt"^ menvelaras ahivi ti-aktiviti sel'
What is the cell comPonent?
Apakah komponen sel iu?

A. Vacuole B. Nucleus
Vakuol Nukleus

c. Ribosome D. Mitochondrion
Ribosom Mitokondia

2. Diagram I shows a plant cell.


Rajah I menunjukkan satu sel tumbuhan.

Diagram I
Rajah I

Which organelle, A, B, C or D contains chlorophyll forphotoslmthesis?


organel yang manalah, A, B, c atauD yang mengandungi klirofil untukfotosintesis?

3. Molecules move down the concentation gradient with the help of carrier proteins and do not
requre enerry.
What is the tlpe of movement?
Moleful bergerak mengihtt kecerunan kcpekatan dengan bantuan protein pembawa dan tidak
memerlulwn lenago.
Apakah jenis pergeralan ini?

A. Osmosis B. Active transport


Osmosis Penganghttan aktif

C. Simple diffusion D. Facilitated diffusion


Resapon ringkas Resapan berbantu
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4. Diagram 2 shows a plant cell in an isotonic solution,


Ra.iah 2 menunjukkan salu sel tumhuhan di dalan larutan isonnik.

a
l
o
a

Diagram 2
Rajah 2

Which diagram shows the cell after it is immersed in a hypotonic solution?


Rajah manakah yang menunjukkan sel itu setelah direndam dalam larutan hipotonik?

A. B. c. D.

oo a
i
o

5. Diagram 3 shows a slice ofspinach stem before being immersed in 30% of sucrose solution.
Rajoh 3 menunjukkan sepotong batang bayam sebelum direndam di dalan larutan sukrosa 30o/o.

Epidermis
Epidermis

Diagram 3
Rajah3

Which of thc following is the conect observation after one hour?


Antara berllrut, manakah pemerhatian yang herul selepas satu jam?

A. B. c.

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6. l)il8rnnt.l nhows ll Potnltl r)snt()nlt'lcr.


l rlrt[ { ltr'rltrrtlrrl,(rln,rrtltr trstlltrttlt'lt'r' Aulatry.

( irnccntllltc(l sttcrosc solulion


l.tt'rtltttt sulxnu Ptkut
('rxrkc:tl potato with
8ro0vc
Kcnlutng.tung ttfuh dinasak
r.:. j.1+.' dun ht':rlekuk
S.r!,

-:iiJ Distilled watcr


\- Air sulins

Diagram 4
Rajah 4

Which ls truc about thc rcsult ofthc cxpcrimcnt?


l'ang manakah henar herkenaan keputwan eksperimen ini?

A. Thc potato becomcs turgid


Kentang menjadi segah

B. Watcr enters potato by osmosis


Air masuk ke dalam kenlang secara osmosis
C. Thc levcl of distilled water decreases
Aras air suling berkurangan

D. The level ofsucrose solution remains the same


Aras larutan sukrosa kekal sama

7. Diagram 5 shows the protein structure in haemoglobin molecule.


Rajoh 5 menunjukkan struhur protein dalam molehtl hemoglobin.

Diagram 5
Rajah 5

What is the levcl of the protein structurc?


Apukah arus bugi ttruktur protein ini?

A. Primarv struclure B. Secondury structurc


Stru*ur primer .llnrAtur stkwrrltr
c. Tertiary struclure D. Quancnury structurc
Stnrktur lerlier .Stnltarr krurk,rrrt'r

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8. Table I
and the optimum pH of four enzymes.
i1"-:::L:,:rbrbate
Jadual r menunlukkan substat
danjH optimum bagi empai enzim.

Substate OptimumPH
Enzint Substrat H oPtimum

Protein and polypeptide


Protein dan oolineotida
Fat
Lemok
Protein
Protein

Table I
Jadual I

Which en4yme, A, B, C or D is pepsin?


Eruim yang manakah, A,B,C otauD adalah pepsin?

9. Diagram 6 shows the changes ofa protein struchre.


Rajah 6 menunjuklan perubahan stntldur satu protein.

Diagram 6
Rajah 6

State the factor that cause the change'


yang menyebablan perubahan tnL
iyatakan faktor
B. Temperafure
A. PH Suhu
pH
D. Salt concentration
C. HumiditY
Kepekatan garam
KelembaPan

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10. Diagram 7 shows a cell cvcle of an animal cell.


Rajah 7 menuniukan sai kitar sel bagi satu sel haiwan,

Diagram 7
RajahT

What are phases P and Q?


Apal<ahfasaP danQ?

P R
Mitosis Growth
A.
Mitosis Pertumbuhan
Interphase Mitosis
B. Mitosis
Interfasa
DNA replication 'Meiosis
c. Replikasi DNA Meiosis
DNA replication Growth
D.
Replikasi DNA Pertumbuhan

11. Diagram 8 shows an event that occurs during phase X in a cell cycle.
Rajah 8 menunjulckan satu peristiwa yang berlalu semasa fasaX dalam satu kitar sel.

Cell wall
Dinding sel

Nuclei
Nukleus

Diagram 8
Rajah I
What is phase X?
ApaluhfasaX?
A. GI B. Mitosis
Gt Milosis

c. S phase D. Cytokinesis
fala S Sitokinesis

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It. Diagram t3 shows stagcs involved in the process ofphotosynthcsis'


Rajah 13 menunju**an peringkat yang terlibat dalam prosu fotosinlesis.

Water ADP +P
Air

Light reaction Dark reaction


Tlndakbalds cahrya Iindakbalas gelap

M
ATP

Diagram 13
Rajah 13

Which of the following represe'nts L, M, N and R?


Manalah di annra berihtt menujukkan LrM, N dan R?

L M N R
Hydrogen Carbon dioxide Oxygen Glucose
A. Karbon dioksida Oloigen Ghtkosa
Hidrogen
Oxygen Glucose Hydrogen Carbon dioxide
B. Glulosa Hidrosen Karbon diolcida
Ol<sigen
Hydrogen Glucose Oxygen Carbon dioxide
c. Hidroeat Glulcosa Oltsigen Karbon dioksida
Oxygen Hyilrogen Carbon dioxide Glucose
D.
Oksieen Hidrosen Ifurbon dioksida Glukosa

19, After doiog vigorous exercise, high accumulation of lactic acid occurs. The person will inhale '
more oxygen to oxidize the lactic acid.
Where does the oxidation oflactic acid occur in the body?

Sanasa abiviti cergas, penguotpulan osid lalaik yang tinggi berlaht, Individu tersebut alcsn
mengambil lebih ol<sigen uatuk mengol<sidalan asid lahik
Di manalrah pengolcsidaan asiil laldik berlaht di dalan badan.

A. Muscle cell B. Heart


Sel olol Jantung

C. Lungs D. Liver
Peparu Hati

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20. Diagram 14 shows the structure ofa frog's lungs.


Rajah 14 menunjukkan slruktur peparu seekor kalak.

Diagram l4
Rajah 14

Which characteristic is shown in the diagram?


Ciri manakah yang ditunjuld<an dalam rajah itu?

A. The respiratory surface lining is thin.


Lapisan peruukaan respirasi adalah nipis.

B. The respiratory sfucture is more perrneable to oxygen.


Stralaur respirasi lebih telap kepada oksigen.

C. the respiratory surface has network ofblood capillary.


Strular respirasi mempunyai jaringan kapilai darah.
D. The respiratory surface has a large surface area.
Struhur respirasi mempunyai luas permulcaan yang besar.

21. The following are problems faced by a cigarette smoker.


yang beildtt odalah masalah yang dihadapi oleh seorang perolcok.

. Laryngitis is one of the effects of smoking.


Iaringitis ialah satu kesan menghisap rolok.
. It makes speaking diffioult and painful.
Ia menyebablan pertuturan menjadi susah dan menyakitlan.

What causes this to happen?


Apalah yang menyebabkan ini berlaht?

A. Tar B. Carbon monoxide


Tar Karbon monobida

c. Nicotine D. Heat from tobacco smoke


Nicotine Haba dari asap rokok

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22. Diagram 15 shows a J-tube that is used to determine the contenls of respiratory gases in an air
sample.
Raj;h $ menunju*kan tiub-J yang digunalun untuk menentukan kandungan gas r*pirasi
dalam sampel udara.

Capillary tube Rubber tubing Screw


Tiub kapilari Tiub getah Skru

Diagram 15
Rajah 15

:
Initial length of air column 10.00 cm
Panjang awal turus udara = 10.00 cm
Length of air column when alkaline potassium hydroxide solution is added = 9.40 cm
Panjang nrus udara apabila larutan kalium hidroksida alkali ditambahlan = 9.40 cm
Length ofair column when potassium pyrogallate solution is added : 8.50 cm
Panjang nrus udara apabih tarutan lalium pirogalat ditambahkan'= 8.50 cm
What is the percentage of oxygen in the air sample?
Apalah peratus oksigen dalam sampel udara tersebut.

A. 9% B. 6%
o/o
c. l0 o/o D. 15

23. A group of organisms that are very similar to each other and are capable of interbreeding and
producing fertile offspring.
Selampulan organism yang sangat sama anlara satu sdma lain dan berupaya unuk saling
membiak dan menghasilkan anak yang subur.

What is the statement refers to?


Apakah yang dintjuk oleh pemyataan ini?

A. Niche B. Species
Nic Spesr'es

c. Population D. Comunity
Populasi Komuniti

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24, Diagram l6 shows an interaction betwecn lwo organisms


Rrrlat 16 menu4juk*an interaksi antord drn organisnn

Diagram 16
Rajah 16

What is the interaction?


Apakah interal<si ini?

A. Commensalism B. Mutualism
Komensalisme Mulualisme '
C. Parasitism D. Saprophytism
Parasitisme Saprofitisme

25. Diagram 17 shows energy flow in an ecosystem


Rajah 17 menunjukkan aliran tenaga dalam satu ekosistem

s Which are camivores?


Yang manalah merupakan karnivor?

R
A. PandQ
P danQ

B. QandR
QdanR
c. RandS
Rdan S

D. PandS
PdazS

Energy from the sun


Tenaga dari matahari

Diagram l7
Rajah l7

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12. The following information is about a stage in mitosis


Keny alaan be rikut adal ah mengendi sdtu peringkot dalan mitosis.

. Centromere divides.
Senffomer membahagi.

' Sister chromatid separates and becomes daughter chromosomes.


Kromatid kembar berpisah dan menjadi kromosom anak.

Which of the following is the stage of mitosis?


Antara berihtt, yang manakah merupalanfasa mitosis itu?

A, Prophase B. Anaphase
Profasa Anafasa

C. Telophase D. Metaphase
Telofasa Metafasa

13. Diagram 9 shows a $,ornan with a swollen neck due to the enlargement of a gland. This is
caused by the deficiency ofa certain mineral in the diet.

Raiah 9 menunjul<kan seorang wanita yang mengalami bengkak pada leher akibat pembesaran
satu lcelenjar. Keadaan ini disebabkan oleh kehtrangan satu mineral tertentu dalam diet.

..lit

Diagram 9
Rajah9

What is the mineral?


Apaluh nineral itu?

A. Ferum B. Iodine
Ferum Iodin
C. Potassilm D. Phosphorus
Kalium Fosforus

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11. Diagram I 0 shows the digestive system of a squirrel.


Rajah l0 menunjuklon sistem pencernaan seelcor tupai.

Diogram l0
Rajah l0

Which of the parts, A, B, C or D, contains symbiotic protozoa ?


Bahagian yang manakah, A,B , C alauD, nengandwgi protozoa simbiotik?

15. Di-agram I Ishows parts ofhuman digestive system.


Rajah ll nenunjulelan sebalragian sistem pencernaan mantsia

Diagram I I
Rajah ll
In which pars protein molecules are digestcd?
Dalam bahagian yang maruluh molelul protein dicernakan?

A PandQ B. RandS
PdaaQ R dan S

C. P,QaadR D. P, Q, Rand S
P,QdazR P,Q,RdanS

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16. Table 2 shows the result of food tests that were carried out on a food sample.
Jadual 2 menunjukkan keputusan ujian makanan yang dijalankan ke alas sampel malunan.

Test tube Food test Observation


Tabung 4ji Uiian makanan Pemerhatian
I Biuret test Violet solution
Uiian biuret Larutan ungu
2 Benedict test Blue solution
Ujian Benedict Laratan biru
3 Iodine test Dark blue
Ujian lodin Biru tua
4 DCPIP test Colourless solution
UiianDCPIP Larutan tanpa warna

Table 2
Jadual2

What are present in the food sample? ( + present, - Absent )


Apalrah yang hadir di dalam sampel makdnan itu? (+ Hadir,
-Tiada)
Protein VitaminC Reducing sugar
Protein Vitamin C Gula oenurun
A.
B.
c.
D.

17. Diagram l2 shows a experiment to determine the energy value in various of food samples.
Rajah 12 menunjullan satu el<sperimen menentul@n nilai tenaga beberapa sampel mitcanon,

Four food somFles of the same mass were bumt.


The initial and final temperature of water in the
boiling tube is taken.
Which food sample,
I nermometer largest amount
d
B, C or D, contains the
of lipids?
l ennomeler
Boiling tube Empat sampel malunan yang sama jisim dibat<ar.
Tabuns didih Suhu awal dan suhu alihir air dalam tabung didih
dianbil.
Sampel malranan yang manal<ah, laB, C arau D,
mengandungi lipid yang paling banyak.
Water
Mounting
needle
Air
Initial Final
Kuar temperature tempersture
Food sample of water (oC) of water fC)
Sampel Suhu awal air Suhu akhir air
makanan fc) ("c)

Diagram l2
Rajah 12

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Mimosa pudica
26. Diagram l8 shows the result of an activity to determine the population size of
in the school field.
Rajah 18 menunjukkan keputusan satu a iviri unluk menentukan saiz
populasi Mimosa pudicu
di padang sekolah.

Density (per m2)


Kepadatan (per mz)
t2

Kuadrat
Diagram l8
Rajah 18

What is the frequency of ttre Mimosa pudica?


Apalcah frehrensi Mimosa pudica itu?

A. 20.0% B. 333%

C. 66.7o/o D. 80.0%

),1 Diagram 19 shows an environmental phenomenon.


Rajah 19 menunjukkan satufenomena alam sekitar.

- t Solar energY

,x;!;:;:;:i "*TY/
ii.///,*"//
!r'/.rr
;,. _ :h:]
..i /" ,/Outer SPace
\ Bumi
!/ - / AngkasatePas
Diagram l9
Rajah 19

Which of the following is the cause of the phenomenon?


Antara berikut, yang manalah menyebabkan fenomena ini?

A. Nitrogen B. Sulphur dioxide


Nitrogen Sufiur diol<sida

C. Carbon dioxide D. Carbon monoxide


Karbon diol<sida Karbon monoksida

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28. Diagram 20 shows a human activity.


Rajah 20 menunjuk*an suatu aktiviti manusia.

Diagram 20
Rajah20

Which of the following are the effegts of the activity?


Antara berikut, yang.manakah kesan-tesan ahiviti itu?

Soil Erosion II Flash flood


Hakisan tanah Banjir Hlal
m Euhophication ry Thinning of ozone layer
EutroJikasi Penipisan lapisan ozon

A. I and II B. tr and tV
I dan ll II danT,l
c. III
I, II and D. I, III and IV
I,Il danlll \fidanIY

29. The following information is about air pollution.


MaHumat berihtt adalah mengenai pencemaran udara.

'The emissions from cement factories which cause greatest cotrcertr and which need to be
dealt with are dust, carbon dioxide, nitogen oxides and sulphur dioxide.,'
(A joumal published by Civil F.ngrneering Faculty, Tecbnical University of Ko3ice, Russia)
"Pelepasan debu, larbon dioksida, nitrogen oksida dan sulfur diolcsida daripada kilang
simen menjadi perhatian utama dan perlu ditangani. "
(lurnal terbitan Fahtlti Kejuruteraan Awam, (Jniversiti Teknilal Koiice, R sia)

Which of the followiug explain the effect of cement factory on the plant growth?
Antara beihtt, yang manalah meneranglun kesan Hlang simen tce ataspirtnnbuhan tunbuhan?

A. Concentation ofoxygen is high for photosynthesis to occur


Kepelcatan oks igen terlalu tinggi unatk fotos intesis berlaku

B. Concentration ofcarbon dioxide is low for.photosynthesis to occur


Kepelatan lurbon dioksida terlalu rendah untuklotosintais berlaku

c. Dust reduces the [ght intensity that affects photosynthesis


Debu menguranglan lceamatan cahaya yang memryngaruhi
fotosintais
D. The increase in surrounding temperafure affects the rate ofphotosynthesis
Peningkatan suhu sekeliling memberi kesan ke atas kadar jotoslnt*is

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30. Diagram 2l shows a shrdy on the development ofskin cancer, melanoma, from normal skin
cells called melanocytes,
Rajah 2l menunjukkan kajian ke atas penumbuhan kanser kulit, melanoma, dari sel kulit bia.ra
yang dikenali sebagai melanosit.

Healthy skin Skin under prolonged sun exposure


Kulit sihat Kulit terdedah kepada cahaya matahari berterusan

'i-_,
-' .!. (
i.J .. ,rt

Melanocytes Melanoma
Melanosit Melanoma

Diagram 2l
Raiah2l

Which of the following is related to the findings of the study?


Antara beikut, yang manakah berkaitan dengan dapatan lajian ini?

A. Open buming
Pembakaran terbul<a

B. Excessive use of fertilisers


Pengganaan baja yang berlebihan

c. Use of air-condition and refrigerator


Penggunaan pendingin hawa dan peti ais

D. Use ofelectric car and hybrid car


Penggunaan kereta elehrik dan lcereta hibid

3l Diagram 22 shows the human heart.


Rajah 22 nenunjukkan jantung manusia.

What isX?
ApakahX?

A. Vena cava
Yena l<ava

B. Coronary artery
Arleri koronari

x c. Pulmonary artery
Arteri pulmonari

D. Pulmonary vein
Diagram 22 Yeno pulmonari
Rajah22

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32, Which description is true about blood cells?


Keterangan yang manakah benar tentang sebsel darah?

Blood cells Description


Sel darah Keterangan
Erythrocyte Change the biconcave shape when passing through the blood capillary'
A.
Eritrosil Uengubah bentuk dwicelwng supaya boleh ry3!9!u!kap!y!!arlh'-
Platlet Without nucleus and involve in the blood clotting mechanism'
B.
Platlet Tanpa nukleus dan terlibat dalam ntek4lqnte llnbekuan darah'
Monosit Produced antibodies to destroy pathogens.
c. Monosil Menghasilkan antibodi untuk memusnahkan patogen
Neutrophil Without granules and desnoy pathogens by phagocytosis.
D.
Neutrofrl Tanpa granul dan memusnahkan patogen secara fagositosie

33. Diagram 23 shows the legs ofa person suffering from elephantiasis.
Rajah 23 menunjuHrqn kaH seoratg individu yang menghidap unrut.

Diagran23
Rajah23

Which of the following is the cause of the condition?


Anrara berikut yang manaluh merupakan penyebab kepada leadaan ini?

A Clogged blood vessels prevent blood from retuming to the blood flow.
Salii darah yang tersumbat menghalang darah kembali l<c dalan aliran damh.
B. Clogged blood vessels prevent interstitial fluid from returning to the blood flow'
Salii darah lersumbat menghalang bendalir interstb kembali ke dalam aliran darah.
c. Clogged lymph vessels prevent blood from retuming to the blood flow.
Salii tim|a tersumbat menghalang darah kembali ke dalam aliran damh.

D. Cloceed lymph vessels prevent interstitial fluid from rehuning to the blood flow.
Salii ltmla yang tersumbat menghalang bendalir interslis kembali ke dalam aliran darah.

ST,ILIT
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34. Diagram 24 shows a moss section of the right'hand side of the human heart.
Rajah 24 menunjukkan keratan renlas bahagian kanan iantung manusia,

Y
x

Diagram24
Rajah 24

What happens to the valves at X and Y during the contraction ofright ventricle?
Apalah yang terjadi kepada injap-injap diX danY semasa ventrikel lanan mengecut?

Valve at X Valve at Y
Injap diX Injap diY
Closed ' Closed
A. Tulup
Tutup
Closed Open
B.
Tutup Buka
Open Closed
c. Buka Tutup
Open Open
D. Buka Buka

35. Dilagam2l shows artificial joint fitted in a patient knee.


Rajah 25 menunjuklan sendi palsu yang dipasang pada lutut seorang paakit.

Which of the following disease is sufferd


by the patient?
Antara yang berilut, manakah penyakit
yang dialami oleh pesakit tersebut?

Artificial joint
A. Gout
Gout
Sendi pabu
B. Arthritis
Artrilis
c. Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis

Diagram 25 D. Muscular dystrophy


Rajah25 Distroli otot.

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36. Diagram 26 shows the four stages in a frog's jump.


Raiah 26 menunjul*an empat f,eringkat dalim satu lompatan seekor katak,

Diagram 26
Rajah26

What is the correct description of each stage?


Apakah huraian yang benar untuk setiap peringkat?

P o R s
Hind legs are
Hind legs arbbent
shaightened very
into a 'Z' shape. Ready to land. Fore legs land fust.
fast.
A. Kaki belalang Bersedia untuk Kaki hadapan
Kaki belalang
dibenglokkan mendarat. mendarat dahulu.
dihruslan dengan
lepada bennk'Z'.
cepat.
Hind legs are
Hind legs are bent . straightened very
Fore legs land first. Ready to land. into a 'Z' shape.
fast.
B. Kaki hadapan Bersedia unuk KaHbelalang
Kaki belalcang
mendarat dahulu. mendarat. dibengl<oL:kan
diluruskan dengan
kepada bentuk'Z'.
cepat.

Ilind legs are


Hind legs are bent
shaightened very
into a 'Z' shape. Ready to land. Fore legs land first.
fast.
c. Kaki belalung Bersedia untuk Kaki hadapan
Kaki belalang
dibengbl*an mendaral. mendarat dahulu.
diluruslan ilengan
l<epada bentuk'Z'.
cepat,
Hind legs are
Hind legs are bent
staightened very
Fore legs land first. Ready to land. into a 'Z' shape.
fast.
D. Kaki hadapan Bersedia untuk KaH belalung
Kaki belalang
mendarat dahulu. mendarat- dibengkokkan
diluruslcan dengan
kepada benruk'Z'.
cepat.

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37. Which cross section of a fish is showing the condition of the fish's muscles during a tuming
movement?
Keratan rentas ilun yang manakah menuniuklun lceadaan otol ikan semasa ikan sedang
m e I ahtkan pergerakan membelok?

A. B.

I
C. I D.
.t t
I I
I
I
I
I

I
I
I
I
I

38. Diagram 27 shows the main parts of the brain.


Rajah 27 menunjulrlran bahagian utama otak

Diagram 27
Rajah2T

Which part, A, B, C or D controls the breathing rate?


Bahagian yong manakah, AoB, C atau D menlawal ludar pemafasan?

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39. Which of the fotlowing is the conect diftbrence between the endocrine system and the newous
system?
Antara berihtt, yang manakah menuniukkan perbezaan yang betul antsra sislem endokrln dan
sistem saral?

Endocrine system Nervous system


Sistem endokrin Sistem saraf
The effect last longer The effect disaPPear very fast
A.
Kesan lahan lama Kesan hilang dengan cePal
Localised effects More widespread effects
B.
Kesan pada bahagian tertentu Kesan kepada banyak bahagian badan
Information carried in electrical form Information carried in chemical form
c. Maklumal dibawa dalam bennk eleldrik Maklumat dibawa dalam benuk bahan kimia
Conhol by cerebrum Control by cerebellum
D.
Dikawal oleh sereberum Dikawal oleh serebelum

40. Diagram 28 shows a traditional practice to speed up the ripening of fruits.


Rajah 28 menuniuklun anwlan iradisional untuk mempercepatkan pemasakan buah'buahan.

Cover
Penutup

Rice
Beras

Fruit
Buah

Diagram 28
Rajah2S

What is the purpose of keeping the fruits in the rice container?


Apalrah tujuan menyimpan buah-buahan di dalam belas beras?

A. To trap heat
Untuk memeranglup haba

B. To trap ethylene
Unluk memerangkap etilena

c. To trap carbon dioxidc


Untuk memeranglap karbon diolsida

D. To tr8p water in the fruit


Untuk memerangkap air di dalam buah '

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41. Diagram 29 is a graph, which shows the effect of the concentration of auxin on the growth of
the shoot tip and the root tip.
Rajah 29 adalah graf yang menunjukkan kesan kepekatan auksin terhadap pertumbuhan
hujung pucuk dan hujuag akar.

Growth ruponse (%)


Gerak balas
perunbuhan(Yo\

+200 Shoot tip


Root tip Hujung puc-uk
+150 Hujung akar
Stimulation
Rangsangan
+100

.+50

Concentration of auxin
10-6 lo4 I t0 104
Kepekalan auksin
Inhibition -50 (p.p.m.)
Perencatan
-100

Diagram 29
Rajah29

What is the effect on the growth of cells in the shoot tip and in the mot tip if the concentration
of auxin is I p.p.n?
Apakah lre.san terhadap peruntbuhan sel-sel di hujung pucrk dan di hujung alar jilca leepekatan
auksin adalah I p.p.m.?

Cells ofthe shoot tip Cells of the root tip


Sel di hujung pucttk Sel di hujung alar

Stimulate the growth of cells Inhibits the growth of cells


A-
Merangs ang p ernuabuhan s el Merencat p ertumbuha n s el
InhibiB the gowth of cells Stimulates the growth of cells
B.
Merenc a t p ertumbuhan s el Merangsang pemtmbuhan s e I

Stimulates the growth of cells Stimulates the growth of cells


C.
Merangsang pertumbuhan sel Merangsang pertumbuhan s el

Inhibits the growth of cells Inhibits the growth of cells


D.
Merencat pertumbuhan sel Merencat perlumbuhan sel

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42, Dingrlm 30 shows thc cross scction of'hunrtn tcstis.


Rrtirri 3t) nrcnunjukkan ko'ulan r.ulus la$li.r nanuria.

'l'estis

Diagram 30
Rajah30

What is W?
lpakahW?
A. Epididynis B. Vas deferens
Epididimis Itas deferens

C. Spermatic cord D. Seminiferous tubule


Kord Sperma Tubul seminderus

43. Diagram 3lshows the stages ofthe formation ofpollen grain.


Rajah 3l menunjukkan peringkal pembentukan butir debunga.

Process X ProcessY
Pollen mother cell Proses X - Tetrad Proses Y - Pollen grain
Sel induk debunga Tetrad Buliran debunga
(2n) (n) (n)

Diagram 3l
-
Rajah3l

What are process X and process Y?


Apakah proses X dan proses Y?

x Y
A. Mitosis Meiosis
B. Meiosis Mitosis
C. Meiosis Mciosis
D. Mitosis Mitosis

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44. Diagram 32 shows the development of follicle in the ovary and the level of hormone
proieserone until Day-14 in a menshual cycle'
Rajah 32 menunjul*an perkembangan folikel di dalan ovari dan aras hormon progesleron
hingga Hari-L4 dalam sau kilar haid.

level of progesterone
Aras progesteron

os@

Pmsesterone
Progesteron

Days
Hari
Diagrarn 32
RajahS2

Which is conect about the changes of hormone progesterone after Day-14?


Yang manaluh benar tentaag perubahan hormon progeslerun selepas Hari-|4?

A' Levelofprogesterone
B' trvelofprogesterone
Aras progesteron Ara progestemn

28 Day Day
Hari Hari

C. D. Irvel of progesterone
Lcvel of progesterone
Aras progesteron Aras progesteron

2t Day 2E Day
Hari Hai

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45. En. Ramy has six children and does not wish to have any more children. While, En. Weny has
a very low sperm count but plans to have a child,
Which methods are suitable for En. Ramy and En. Weny to apply?
En. Ramy mempunyai enam orang anak dan tidak berhajat mempunyai anak lagi. Semenlara,
En. Weny mempunyai bilangan sperma lang rendah tetapi merancang untuk menpunyai anak.
Kaedah yang manakah sesuai unnk diaplilwsi oleh En. Rany dan En. Weny?

En. Ramy En. Weny

A. Ligation In-viro fertilization


Ligosi Persenyawaan in-vilro
In-viho fertilization Vasectomy
B.
Persenyawaan in-vilro Vaseldomi
Sperm bank Vasectomy
C.
Bank sperma Vasehomi
Vasectomy Artifi cial insemination
D.
Vasehomi Permanian beradas

46. Diagram 33 shows the karyotype of an individual.


Rajah 33 menunjul*an lariotip seorang indiividu.

(( flt ffif,$ ilfl

fit f,n I6 llil f,t flf, df


ffitil tI ilil$ffi $
$f,r tn f*
Diagram 33
Rajah13

Which of the following is tue about the individual?


Antara beilwt, yang manakah benar tentang individu tersebut?

A. Normal male B. Nonaal female


Lelaki normal Ferempuan normal

C. Down syndrome male D. Down syndrome female


Lelalci Sindrom Down Perempuan Sindrom Down

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47. Diagram 34 shows a pair of chromosomes in a cell,


Raph 34 menuniuklan seposang laomosom dalam satu sel.

Diagram 34
Rajah14

What are the lines labelled P?


Apalcah garis-garb yang berlabel P?

A. The site of alleles made up of two or more genes which are always the same.
Tapak bagi alel terdiri daipada dua atau lebih gen yang sentiasa sama.

B. The site of alleles made up of two or more genes which might be different.
Tapak bagi alel terdiri daripada dua atau lebih gen yang mungkin berbeza.

c. The site of alleles made up of two or more alleles which are always the same.
Tapak bagi alel teridri daripada dua atau lebih alel yang sentiasa sama.

D. The site of alleles made up of two or more alleles which might be different.
Tapak bagi alel terdiri daripada dua atau lebih alel yang mungHn berbeza.

48. Diagram 35 shows the inheritance of earlobe shape in a farnily. The allele for detached earlobes
is dominant to the allele for attached earlobes.
Rajah 35 menunjuldun pewarisan lekapan cuping telinga dalam satu lceluarga. Alel bagi
cuping telinga bebas adalah dominan l<epada caping telinga melelup.

Parents
Induk
Attaohed
Melekap

Offsprings
Anak
Attached Detraohed Detached
Melekap Bebas Bebas

Diagram 35
Rajah35

What is the probability of the next child of this parents having detached earlobes?
Apalah ltebaranglalian anak yang seterusnya bagi induk ini mempunyai arying telinga bebas?

A. 0o/o B. 25%
c. s0% D. 75%

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49. The normal eye colour for fruit flies is red. When normal fruit flies are subjected.to radiation in
a laboratory, ihey produce offsprings with unusual characteristics, such as with white eyes.
What caues this to happen?
Warna mata yang normal untuk lalat buah iatah merah. Apabila lalat buah yang normal
didedahlan kepocla radiasi di dalam maknal, lalat buah ini menghasikan anak-anak yang
mempunyai ciri yang luar biasa, seperti bermata warna putih.
Apalah punca kejadian ini?

A, Continuousvariation B. Mutation
Variasi selanjar Muldsi

C. Discontinuousvariation. D. Dominance
Yariasi tidak selanjar Kedominan

s0- Diagram 36 shows the distribution of mass of riped tomato fruit! picked from the same type of
plants.
Rajah 36 menunjukkan taburan jisim buah tomato masak yang dipetik dartpada polok-polok
Jen$ yang sama,

Number of fruis
Bilangaa buah

20 40 60 80 Jisim
Mass(g)
(g)

Diagam 36
Pajah36

Which is conect about the disbibution?


Yang manalah betul berlenaan taburan ini?

A. The tomato fruits shows discontinuous variation.


Buah tomato menwjuklun variasi tidak sehnjar.

B. The envimnment affects the mass of tomato fruiB.


Percekitaran manpenganthi jisim buah tomato.

c. The differcnce in mass of the tomato fruis is distinct.


Perbezaanjisim buah tomato adalah kelara.

D. The difference in mass of the tomato fruits is determined by genes.


Perbaaan jisim buoh tomato ditentukan oleh gen.

END OF QUESTION PAPER


I(ERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

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INFORMATION TOR CANDIDATES


MAKLUMAT UNTAKCALON

l. This question paper consists of50 questions.


Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 50 soalan,

2, Answer all questions,


Jawab semta soalan.

3. Answer each question by shading the correct space on the objective answer sheet.
Jawab dengan menghitamlun ruangyang betul pada kertasiawapan obiektif.

4. Shade only one space for each question.


Hilamlan satt ruang sahaja bagi seliap soalan.

5. If you wish to change your answer, erase the shaded mark that you have made. Then
shade the spacd for the new answer.
Sekiranya anda hendak menulear jawapan, padamlcan tanda yang telah dibuat.
Kemudian hitamkan jawapan yang bahara.

6. The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.
Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukis mengilatt slcala keanli dinyatalwn,

7. You may use a scientific calculator.


Anda dibenarlcan menggunalun lallrulator saintiflc

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