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"REBARS" --- REINFORCING BAR DEVELOPMENT AND SPLICE LENGTHS

Program Description:

"REBARS" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of determining reinforcing bar
development and splice lengths. Specifically, the development lengths and splice lengths for straight bars in
tension as well as compression are determined. Also, the development length for standard hook bars is
determined. The provisions for development and splice lengths are included for high seismic risk applications
per ACI 318M-05, Chapter 21. There is also a worksheet which contains reinforcing bar data tables.
This METRIC version is based on the ACI 318M-05 Code.

This program is a workbook consisting of five (5) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name Description


Doc This documentation sheet
Calc Development (Soft Metric) Reinforcing Bar Development and Splice Lengths (ACI "Soft" Metric Bars)
Calc Development (Euro Metric) Reinforcing Bar Development and Splice Lengths (European Metric Bars)
Rebar Data (Soft Metric) Reinforcing Bar Data Tables (ACI "Soft" Metric Bars)
Rebar Data (Euro Metric) Reinforcing Bar Data Tables (European Metric Bars)

Program Assumptions and Limitations:

1. This program follows the procedures and guidelines of the ACI 318M-05 Building Code, Chapters 12 and 21.
2. The "Calc Development (Soft Metric)" worksheet, for a given reinforcing bar size, determines the straight
development and splice lengths for a "top" bar and an "other" bar in tension, the straight development and
splice lengths for the bar in compression, and the tension development length of the bar as a standard hook,
all at one time. A complete table of reinforcing bar development and splice lengths is also created.
3. The ACI "Soft Metric" reinforcing bar sizes are #10, #13, #16, #19, #22, #25, #29, #32, #36, #43, and #57.
These correspond directly to the U.S. bar sizes #3, #4, #5, #6, #7, #8, #9, #10, #11, #14, and #18, as the bar
designations represent the exact metric conversion of bar diameter rounded to the nearest whole millimeter.
4. The "Calc Development (Euro Metric)" worksheet, for a given reinforcing bar size, determines the straight
development and splice lengths for a "top" bar and an "other" bar in tension, the straight development and
splice lengths for the bar in compression, and the tension development length of the bar as a standard hook,
all at one time. A complete table of reinforcing bar development and splice lengths is also created.
This worksheet can be utilized for cases where the design concrete code used is ACI 318-05, but where the
reinforcing bars to be provided are European (British Standard) bar sizes, not U.S. bar sizes.
5. The "European Metric" reinforcing bar sizes are D6, D8, D10, D12, D14, D16, D20, D25, D28, D32, D40,
and D50. These do not correspond directly to the U.S. bar sizes nor to the "Soft Metric" bar sizes, as the bar
designations represent the exact bar diameter expressed in millimeters.
6. The "Rebar Data (Soft Metric)" worksheet contains two tables of reinforcing bar data which include various
bar properties as well as reinforcing bar areas based on spacing using units of mm^2/m.
7. The "Rebar Data (Euro Metric)" worksheet contains two tables of reinforcing bar data which include various
bar properties as well as reinforcing bar areas based on spacing using units of mm^2/m.
8. This program contains numerous comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information including
explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a comment box
is denoted by a red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the
desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)
"REBARS (318M-05).xls" Program
Version 1.0

REINFORCING BAR DEVELOPMENT AND SPLICE LENGTHS


Per ACI 318M-05 Building Code - Chapters 12 and 21
For Low & High Seismic Risk Applications - Using ACI "Soft" Metric Bar Sizes
Job Name: Subject: No
Job Number: Originator: Checker: #4
#5
Input Data: #6
#7
General Information: #8
ACI "Soft" Metric Reinf. Bar Size = 25 Ldt=970 mm #9
Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy = 420 MPa #10
Concrete Comp. Strength, f 'c = 28 MPa bc=50 mm
Lightweight Concrete? No #14
Epoxy Coated Bars? No >50 mm #18
Ratio: As(required)/As(provided) = 1.000
High Seismic Risk (Chapter 21) = No
Ldo=745 mm Select:
bc=50 mm db =
For Straight Reinforcing Tension Bars:
Center-to-Center Bar Spacing, bs = 300 mm Straight Bar Development
Clear Cover to Face of Bar, bc = 50 mm Location Factor, yt =
Transverse Reinforcing Index, Ktr = 0.000 Location Factor, yt =
Coating Factor, ye =
For Straight Reinforcing Compression Bars: Top Bar Limit: yt*ye =
Enclosed w/#13 Ties @ <=100mm? No Lat=970 mm Bar Size Factor, ys =
Lbt=1255 mm Lightweight Factor, l =
For Standard Hooks in Tension: c=
Side Cover to Face of Bar, sc = 65 mm bc=50 mm
Clear Cover to Bar Hook, hc = 50 mm Limit: (c+Ktr)/db =
Enclosed with Ties @ <= 3*db? No >300 mm =
As/As(prov)
Top Bar, Ldt =
Results: Lao=745 mm Other Bar, Ldo =
Lbo=970 mm Top Bar 'A' Splice, Lat =
Reinforcing Bar Diameter, db = 25.4 mm Straight Bar Splices ' Splice, Lao =
Top Bar 'B' Splice, Lbt =
For Straight Reinforcing Tension Bars: Other Bar 'B' Splice, Lbo =
Top Bar Development, Ldt = 970 mm
Other Bar Development, Ldo = 745 mm
Top Bar Class "A" Splice, Lat = 970 mm Develop. Tie Factor =
Other Bar Class "A" Splice, Lao = 745 mm Ldh=340 mm Splice Tie Factor
hc=50 mm =
Top Bar Class "B" Splice, Lbt = 1255 mm As/As(prov) =
Other Bar Class "B" Splice, Lbo = 970 mm sc=65 mm
Ldc =
For Straight Reinforcing Compression Bars: Lh=410 mm
Development Length, Ldc = 485 mm
Splice Length = 760 mm
D=155 mm Cover Factor =
For Standard Hook Tension Bars: Tie Factor =
Development Length, Ldh = 340 mm Standard Hook DevelopmentCoating Factor, ye =
Standard Hook Leg Length, Lh = 410 mm Lightweight Factor, l =
As/As(prov) =
Note: All development and splice lengths have been rounded up to the nearest 5mm. Ldh =

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"REBARS (318M-05).xls" Program
Version 1.0

3 of 11 09/19/2017 10:51:12
"REBARS (318M-05).xls" Program
Version 1.0

Tabulation of Calculated Results for All ACI "Soft" Metric Bar Sizes Based on Specific Input: #3
db =

Reinforcing Bar Development and Splice Lengths for f 'c = 28 MPa and fy = 420 MPa
Tension Development Class "B" Tens. Splice Std. 90 deg. Hook Compression Bars
"Soft" Metric Top Bar Other Bar Top Bar Other Bar Embed. Leg Length Develop.
Splice
Bar Size Ldt Ldo Lbt Lbo Ldh Lh Ldc
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
#10 300 300 375 300 150 155 200 300
#13 385 300 500 385 170 205 245 380
#16 480 370 620 480 215 255 305 475
#19 575 440 745 575 255 305 365 570
#22 835 645 1085 835 300 360 425 665
#25 970 745 1255 970 340 410 485 760
#29 1200 925 1560 1200 385 490 550 855
#32 1480 1140 1920 1480 435 550 615 965
#36 1775 1365 2305 1775 480 610 685 1070
#43 2430 1870 N.A. N.A. 820 775 820 N.A.
#57 3920 3015 N.A. N.A. 1095 1035 1095 N.A.
Notes:
1. Straight development and Class "B" splice lengths shown in above table are
based on uncoated bars assuming center-to-center bar spacing = 300mm without
Develop. Tie Factor =
ties or stirrups and bar clear cover = 50mm. Splice Tie Factor =
Normal weight concrete with no transverse reinforcing are both assumed. As/As(prov) =
No excess reinforcing is assumed. f 'c Factor =
2. Standard 90 deg. hook embedment lengths are based on bar side cover = 65mm Ldb =
and bar end cover = 50mm without ties around hook. Splice =
3. Table does not reflect special seismic considerations from ACI 318M-05, Chapter 21.

Cover Factor =
Tie Factor =
Coating Factor, ye =
Lightweight Factor, l =
As/As(prov) =
Ldh =

#4
db =

Location Factor, yt =
Location Factor, yt =
Coating Factor, ye =
Top Bar Limit: yt*ye =
Bar Size Factor, ys =
Lightweight Factor, l =
c=
Ktr =
Limit: (c+Ktr)/db =
As/As(prov) =

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"REBARS (318M-05).xls" Program
Version 1.0

Top Bar, Ldt =

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"REBARS (318M-05).xls" Program
Version 1.0

REINFORCING BAR DEVELOPMENT AND SPLICE LENGTHS


Per ACI 318M-05 Building Code - Chapters 12 and 21
For Low & High Seismic Risk Applications - Using European Metric Bar Sizes
Job Name: Subject: No
Job Number: Originator: Checker: D
D
Input Data: D
D
General Information: D
European Metric Reinf. Bar Size = 25 Ldt=1030 mm D
Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy = 460 MPa D
Concrete Comp. Strength, f 'c = 28 MPa bc=50 mm
Lightweight Concrete? No D
Epoxy Coated Bars? No >50 mm D
Ratio: As(required)/As(provided) = 1.000 D
High Seismic Risk (Chapter 21) = No
Ldo=795 mm Select:
bc=50 mm db =
For Straight Reinforcing Tension Bars:
Center-to-Center Bar Spacing, bs = 300 mm Straight Bar Development
Clear Cover to Face of Bar, bc = 50 mm Location Factor, yt =
Transverse Reinforcing Index, Ktr = 0.000 Location Factor, yt =
Coating Factor, ye =
For Straight Reinforcing Compression Bars: Top Bar Limit: yt*ye =
Enclosed w/D14 Ties @ <=100mm? No Lat=1030 mm Bar Size Factor, ys =
Lbt=1340 mm Lightweight Factor, l =
For Standard Hooks in Tension: c=
Side Cover to Face of Bar, sc = 65 mm bc=50 mm
Clear Cover to Bar Hook, hc = 50 mm Limit: (c+Ktr)/db =
Enclosed with Ties @ <= 3*db? No >300 mm =
As/As(prov)
Top Bar, Ldt =
Results: Lao=795 mm Other Bar, Ldo =
Lbo=1030 mm Top Bar 'A' Splice, Lat =
Reinforcing Bar Diameter, db = 25 mm Straight Bar Splices ' Splice, Lao =
Top Bar 'B' Splice, Lbt =
For Straight Reinforcing Tension Bars: Other Bar 'B' Splice, Lbo =
Top Bar Development, Ldt = 1030 mm
Other Bar Development, Ldo = 795 mm
Top Bar Class "A" Splice, Lat = 1030 mm Develop. Tie Factor =
Other Bar Class "A" Splice, Lao = 795 mm Ldh=370 mm Splice Tie Factor
hc=50 mm =
Top Bar Class "B" Splice, Lbt = 1340 mm As/As(prov) =
Other Bar Class "B" Splice, Lbo = 1030 mm sc=65 mm
Ldc =
For Straight Reinforcing Compression Bars: Lh=400 mm
Development Length, Ldc = 525 mm
Splice Length = 895 mm
D=150 mm Cover Factor =
For Standard Hook Tension Bars: Tie Factor =
Development Length, Ldh = 370 mm Standard Hook DevelopmentCoating Factor, ye =
Standard Hook Leg Length, Lh = 400 mm Lightweight Factor, l =
As/As(prov) =
Note: All development and splice lengths have been rounded up to the nearest 5mm. Ldh =

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"REBARS (318M-05).xls" Program
Version 1.0

7 of 11 09/19/2017 10:51:12
"REBARS (318M-05).xls" Program
Version 1.0

Tabulation of Calculated Results for All European Metric Bar Sizes Based on Specific Input: For D
db =

Reinforcing Bar Development and Splice Lengths for f 'c = 28 MPa and fy = 460 MPa
Tension Development Class "B" Tens. Splice Std. 90 deg. Hook Compression Bars
European Top Bar Other Bar Top Bar Other Bar Embed. Leg Length Develop.
Metric Bar Splice
Ldt Ldo Lbt Lbo Ldh Lh Ldc
Size
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
D6 300 300 300 300 150 100 200 300
D8 300 300 345 300 150 130 200 300
D10 330 300 430 330 150 160 210 300
D12 395 305 515 395 180 195 255 300
D14 465 355 600 465 205 225 295 300
D16 530 405 685 530 235 260 335 300
D20 660 510 855 660 295 320 420 300
D25 1030 795 1340 1030 370 400 525 300
D28 1260 970 1640 1260 410 480 585 300
D32 1595 1230 2075 1595 470 545 670 300
D40 2350 1810 N.A. N.A. 835 720 835 N.A.
D50 3425 2635 N.A. N.A. 1045 900 1045 N.A.
Notes:
1. Straight development and Class "B" splice lengths shown in above table areDevelop. Tie Factor =
based on uncoated bars assuming center-to-center bar spacing = 300mm without Splice Tie Factor =
ties or stirrups and bar clear cover = 50mm. As/As(prov) =
Normal weight concrete with no transverse reinforcing are both assumed. f 'c Factor =
No excess reinforcing is assumed. Ldb =
2. Standard 90 deg. hook embedment lengths are based on bar side cover = 65mm Splice =
and bar end cover = 50mm without ties around hook.
3. Table does not reflect special seismic considerations from ACI 318M-05, Chapter 21.
Cover Factor =
Tie Factor =
Coating Factor, ye =
Lightweight Factor, l =
As/As(prov) =
Ldh =

For D
db =

Location Factor, yt =
Location Factor, yt =
Coating Factor, ye =
Top Bar Limit: yt*ye =
Bar Size Factor, ys =
Lightweight Factor, l =
c=
Ktr =
Limit: (c+Ktr)/db =
As/As(prov) =

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"REBARS (318M-05).xls" Program
Version 1.0

Top Bar, Ldt =

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ACI "SOFT" METRIC REINFORCING BAR DATA TABLES:

Reinforcing Bar Properties


Diameter Area Perimeter Weight
Bar Size
(mm) (mm^2) (mm) (kg/m)
#10 9.525 71 29.924 0.561
#13 12.700 129 39.898 0.996
#16 15.875 200 49.873 1.556
#19 19.050 284 59.847 2.240
#22 22.225 387 69.822 3.049
#25 25.400 509 79.796 3.982
#29 28.650 645 90.007 5.071
#32 32.260 819 101.348 6.418
#36 35.810 1006 112.500 7.924
#43 43.000 1452 135.088 11.410
#57 57.330 2581 180.108 20.284
Typical specification: ASTM A615M Grade 420 (MPa) Deformed Bars

Reinforcing Bar Area for Various Bar Spacings (mm^2/m)


Spacing ACI "Soft" Metric Bar Size
(mm) #10 #13 #16 #19 #22 #25 #29 #32 #36
75 947 1720 2667 3787 5160 6787 8600 10920 13413
80 888 1613 2500 3550 4838 6363 8063 10238 12575
90 789 1433 2222 3156 4300 5656 7167 9100 11178
100 710 1290 2000 2840 3870 5090 6450 8190 10060
110 645 1173 1818 2582 3518 4627 5864 7445 9145
120 592 1075 1667 2367 3225 4242 5375 6825 8383
125 568 1032 1600 2272 3096 4072 5160 6552 8048
130 546 992 1538 2185 2977 3915 4962 6300 7738
140 507 921 1429 2029 2764 3636 4607 5850 7186
150 473 860 1333 1893 2580 3393 4300 5460 6707
160 444 806 1250 1775 2419 3181 4031 5119 6288
175 406 737 1143 1623 2211 2909 3686 4680 5749
180 394 717 1111 1578 2150 2828 3583 4550 5589
200 355 645 1000 1420 1935 2545 3225 4095 5030
220 323 586 909 1291 1759 2314 2932 3723 4573
225 316 573 889 1262 1720 2262 2867 3640 4471
240 296 538 833 1183 1613 2121 2688 3413 4192
250 284 516 800 1136 1548 2036 2580 3276 4024
275 258 469 727 1033 1407 1851 2345 2978 3658
300 237 430 667 947 1290 1697 2150 2730 3353
EUROPEAN METRIC REINFORCING BAR DATA TABLES:

Reinforcing Bar Properties


Diameter Area Perimeter Weight
Bar Size
(mm) (mm^2) (mm) (kg/m)
D6 6 28.3 18.850 0.222
D8 8 50.3 25.133 0.395
D10 10 78.5 31.416 0.617
D12 12 113.0 37.699 0.888
D14 14 154.0 43.982 1.210
D16 16 201.0 50.265 1.579
D20 20 314.0 62.832 2.467
D25 25 491.0 78.540 3.855
D28 28 616.0 87.965 4.830
D32 32 804.0 100.531 6.316
D40 40 1257.0 125.664 9.868
D50 50 1963.0 157.080 15.413
Typical specification: BS 4449 or DIN EN 10080-1 Grade 460 (MPa) Deformed Bars

Reinforcing Bar Area for Various Bar Spacings (mm^2/m)


Spacing European Metric Bar Size
(mm) D6 D8 D10 D12 D14 D16 D20 D25 D28 D32 D40 D50
75 377 671 1047 1507 2053 2680 4187 6547 8213 10720 16760 26173
80 354 629 981 1413 1925 2513 3925 6138 7700 10050 15713 24538
90 314 559 872 1256 1711 2233 3489 5456 6844 8933 13967 21811
100 283 503 785 1130 1540 2010 3140 4910 6160 8040 12570 19630
110 257 457 714 1027 1400 1827 2855 4464 5600 7309 11427 17845
120 236 419 654 942 1283 1675 2617 4092 5133 6700 10475 16358
125 226 402 628 904 1232 1608 2512 3928 4928 6432 10056 15704
130 218 387 604 869 1185 1546 2415 3777 4738 6185 9669 15100
140 202 359 561 807 1100 1436 2243 3507 4400 5743 8979 14021
150 189 335 523 753 1027 1340 2093 3273 4107 5360 8380 13087
160 177 314 491 706 963 1256 1963 3069 3850 5025 7856 12269
175 162 287 449 646 880 1149 1794 2806 3520 4594 7183 11217
180 157 279 436 628 856 1117 1744 2728 3422 4467 6983 10906
200 142 252 393 565 770 1005 1570 2455 3080 4020 6285 9815
220 129 229 357 514 700 914 1427 2232 2800 3655 5714 8923
225 126 224 349 502 684 893 1396 2182 2738 3573 5587 8724
240 118 210 327 471 642 838 1308 2046 2567 3350 5238 8179
250 113 201 314 452 616 804 1256 1964 2464 3216 5028 7852
275 103 183 285 411 560 731 1142 1785 2240 2924 4571 7138
300 94 168 262 377 513 670 1047 1637 2053 2680 4190 6543