Anda di halaman 1dari 86

4 EQ August 2017 www.EQMagPro.

com EQ August 2017
EQ August 2017
10 Years
Devoted to Materials,
We Know Reliability
Builds Perfection.

Booth NO.
22nd-24th Sep, 2017 10.36

GCL S.I. is part of GCL Group. Based on a fully-integrated Vertical PV industrial chain capacity
operation, GCL S.I. delivers a one stop, cutting-edge, integrated energy system solution package
which incorporates DESIGN-PRODUCT-SERVICE.

6 EQ August 2017 EQ August 2017 7
Issue # 8

FirstSource Energy
India Private Limited
95-C, Sampat Farms, Bicholi
Mardana Distt-Indore 452016,
Madhya Pradesh, INDIA
Tel. + 91 96441 22268 INDIA
ANAND GUPTA notes low coal stocks
PUBLISHER : at power



Invests $7.5
Electric Grid
HEAD-SALES & MARKETING : Reliability and
GOURAV GARG Resiliency

SANJAY VISHWAKARMA Commissions, Not Courts
To Determine Electricity
Parth Printing Press, Indore

Disclaimer,Limitations of Liability
While every efforts has been made to ensure the high quality and accuracy
of EQ international and all our authors research articles with the greatest
of care and attention ,we make no warranty concerning its content,and
the magazine is provided on an>> as is <<basis.EQ international contains
16 35
advertising and third party contents.EQ International is not liable for
any third- party content or error,omission or inaccuracy in any advertising
material ,nor is it responsible for the availability of external web sites or their
The data and information presented in this magazine is provided for
informational purpose only.neither EQ INTERNATINAL ,Its affiliates,Information
providers nor content providers shall have any liability for investment decisions
based up on or the results obtained from the information provided. Nothing
contained in this magazine should be construed as a recommendation to buy
or sale any securities. The facts and opinions stated in this magazine do not
constitute an offer on the part of EQ International for the sale or purchase of
any securities, nor any such offer intended or implied
Restriction on use
The material in this magazine is protected by international copyright and
trademark laws. You may not modify,copy,reproduce,republish,post,transmit,or
distribute any part of the magazine in any may only use material for
your personall,Non-Commercial use, provided you keep intact all copyright and INDIA FEATURED
other proprietary notices.If you want to use material for any non-personel,non
commercial purpose,you need written permission from EQ International. TN to set up Rs 2350 cr solar Indias thermal plants may
photovoltaic power park become economically unviable

8 EQ August 2017


42 38
Mr.William Zhou Mr.Pratyush K Thakur

Golden Temple Kitchen To Soon
Go Solar



RESEARCH & ANALYSIS When Will Electric
Solar power helps pump up petrol sales WORKFORCE than Conventional
amid power shortage Vehicles ?

22 30

Over 12,000 solar pumps distri-buted Dutch PM lauds Indias commitment to
to farmers in Chhattisgarh rene- wable energy, Paris Climate Agreement

33 34
Policy & Regulations
Uttar Pradesh Solar
Power Policy 2017

Pg. 09-37
Shri Piyush Goyal Launches Energy Sterling and Wilson Scales New Heights;
Pg. 75-77
Conservation Building Code 2017 Gets Awarded the Worlds Largest Solar PV
Plant EQ August 2017 9

JinkoSolar (NYSE: JKS) is a global leader in the
solar industry. The Company distributes its solar
products and sells its solutions and services to a
diversified international utility, commercial and
residential customer base in China, US, Japan,
Germany, UK, Chile, South Africa, India, Mexico,
Brazil, UAE, Italy, Spain, France, Belgium, etc.
JinkoSolar has built a vertical-integrated solar
product value chain, with an integrated annual
capacity of 2.5 GW for silicon ingots and wa-
fers, 2.0 GW for solar cells, and 3.2 GW for solar
modules, by December 31, 2014. JinkoSolar has
also connected around 500MW of solar projects
to the grid, by December 31, 2014.
.JinkoSolar has over 13,000 employees and
over 200 dedicated R&D professionals covering
11 global branches in Germany, Italy, Switzer-
land, US, Canada, Australia, Singapore, Japan,
India, South Africa and Chile; 12 sales offices
in China, Spain, UK, UAE, Jordan, Saudi Arabia,
Egypt, Morocco, Ghana, Brazil, Costa Rica and
Mexico; and five production facilities in China,
Portugal, South Africa, and Malaysia.

10 EQ August 2017


Worlds biggest coal compa-

ny closes 37 mines as solar
powers influence grows
The largest coal mining company in the world has announced
it will close 37 mines because they are no longer economi-
cally viable.

oal India, which produces around 82 per cent of
Indias coal, said the mines would be decommis-
sioned by March 2018.
Infosys meets 45% power
needs from renewables in

he losures, of around 9 per cent of the
state-run firms sites, will reportedly save
around 8,000,000,000 rupees (98m). FY17: Report
Indias solar sector has received heavy in-
IT firm Infosys today said over 44.6 per cent of its electricity
ternational investment, and the plummet-
ing price of solar electricity has increased
requirements in 2016-17 were met through renewable sources.
pressure on fossil fuel companies in the
country. During fiscal 2017, 118.90 million units of
The government has announced it will
electricity were from renewable sources,
not build any more coal plants after 2022
which are about 44.6 per cent of overall
and predicts renewables will generate 57
per cent of its power by 2027 a pledge
electricity requirements of their campuses
far outstripping its commitment in the in India, Infosys said in its latest sustain-
Paris climate change agreement. Plans ability report.
for nearly 14 gigawatts of coal-fired power
stations about the same as the total The Bengaluru-based firm has also been working
amount in the UK were scrapped in May, on reducing its per capita electricity consumption.
signalling a seismic shift in the Indias
energy market. It said the per capita electricity consumption
has been reduced by 2.88 per cent in 2016-17.
Infosys now has 17 LEED platinum-rated
buildings, two LEED EB platinum-rated cam-
puses and four buildings with GRIHA 5-star
rating, totalling 11.1 million sq ft.

These certifications are used to indicate resource

efficiency of buildings.
Analyst Tim Buckley said the move away from the
The report noted that the company has
dirtiest fossil fuel and towards solar in the coun-
installed 15.2 MW rooftop solar plants and
try would have profound implications on global
ground-mount installations across its cam-
energy markets.
puses in India. Besides, the company is also
Measures taken by the Indian government to working on achieving zero waste to landfill
improve energy efficiency coupled with ambitious and 100 per cent food waste treatment
renewable energy targets and the plummeting within its campuses. Currently, 63 per cent
cost of solar has had an impact on existing as well of the waste generated is treated in biogas
as proposed coal fired power plants, rendering an plants.
increasing number as financially unviable, he said.

Indias solar tariffs have literally

been free falling in recent months.
A report in February by Delhi-based research
I nfosys has installed 9.25 TPD installed capac-
ity of biogas plants across Mysuru, Bengaluru,
Thiruvananthapuram, Hyderabad, Pune, Man
galuru and Bhubaneshwar campuses, it
group, The Energy and Resources Institute

(TERI), found that if the cost of renewable
energy continued to fall at the same rate,India During fiscal 2017, Infosys reduced per capita
could phase out coal completely by 2050. water consumption by 8.33 per cent over the
previous year. Source:PTI EQ August 2017 11


Apple Plans to Move to

100 Percent Renewable
Energy in India, CEO Cook
Tells PM Modi
Apple plans to run all its business in India on 100
percent renewable energy in the next six months,
Gadgets 360 has learned. According to sources, this
was one of the things that the company told Prime
Minister Narendra Modi, who is presently on a tour of
the United States.

Ind-Ra notes low coal stocks

at power plants

oal availability declined at thermal
power stations in April and May, with
stock touching critical levels (less than
five or seven days) and super critical
levels (less than three or four days)
at at least eight plants across the
country, India Ratings and Research
(Ind-Ra) said in its report on the do-
mestic power sector. Coal stock at 113
power plants was 17.73 million tonnes
(94 per cent domestic and 6 per cent
imported) in May, down by 25 per cent

This is the lowest coal stock inventory in the last 17 months.

Analysts note that the inventory at plants reduced
due to higher coal consumption, as power gen-
eration increased given a sharp rise in demand
from several States. At the same time, coal pro-

duction from Coal India Ltd declined in May by 4.3
per cent year-on-year to 40.7 million tonnes. M Modi met with the heads of 20 of
the leading US technology firms,
Power deficit : Overall, power demand in May 2017 including Tim Cook of Apple, Sunder
increased by 6.3 per cent compared to May 2016 to
Pichai of Google, and Jeff Bezos of
105.5 billion units (BUs). Even after the sharp increase in
Amazon. According to sources, at the
demand, India was able to manage the power deficit at
meeting, PM Modi was told that there
0.6 per cent, aided by strong generation growth at 7.3 per
are 740,000 jobs attributable to iOS,
cent year-on-year. Power demand increased by around
and that Indian app developers have
12 per cent in Maharashtra, 20 per cent in Uttar Pradesh,
created almost 100,000 apps for the
12 per cent in Andhra Pradesh, 14 per cent in Telangana
App Store, a growth of 57 percent, in
and around 11 per cent in Haryana, said the report. Ind-
Ra researchers note that while India continues to be coal
The company also started produc-
dependent for power supply, with coal based capacity
tion of the iPhone SE in Bengaluru last
at around 196 GW by the end of May, the governments
month, and opened an app accelerator
increased focus on renewable energy led to a decline of
in Bengaluru where the company said
the proportion of coal-based capacity from 62 per cent in
it has trained thousands of develop-
May 2016 to 59 per cent in May 2017. At the same time,
ers. Now it seems that all of this will be
India plans to add around 11.4 GW of thermal capacity in
powered by renewable energy.
FY18. Of this, 32 per cent was already achieved in April
and May, the report notes.
Source: PTI

12 EQ August 2017


Prime Minister Dedicates POWERGRIDs 400 kV Lucknow

Kanpur D/C Transmission Line with Associated Bays
to the Nation.

The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi dedicated POWERGRIDs 400 Kilo onstructed as a part of Northern Re-
gion Strengthening Scheme-XXXII,
Volt(kV) Lucknow Kanpur Direct Current (D/C) Transmission Line with
this transmission line will provide high
associated bays to the Nation in Lucknow quality transmission infrastructure for
ensuring reliable and quality power
supply in Uttar Pradesh especially in
the areas like Lucknow, Panki, Unnao
and Kanpur. The transmission line
will also facilitate import of additional
power to Uttar Pradesh from power
surplus Eastern Region/ North East-
ern Region.
On this occasion, Governor of Ut-
tar Pradesh, Chief Minister of Uttar
Pradesh and other dignitaries, senior
officials of state and central govern-
ment along with Chairman & Man-
aging Director, Director(Projects),
Director(Personnel), Executive Direc-
tor NR-III and other senior officials of
POWERGRID were also present.

Leading O&M Service Provider

700+ MWp across India
Inspired by Nature Powered by Sun
200+ Engineering Workforce &
ISO 9001-2015 Certified Company M
Solar Products
EagleSUN SCADA - Web Portal S
String Combiner Box 8, 16 & 24 Channel
String Monitoring Units
Communication Modules
Increase Productivity Reduce Downtime
Identify Underperforming Strings SMS Alerts when Inverter,
Optimize Cleaning Cycles Trafo, Feeder line is down

EagleSun SCADA
Watching your plant.

Agile | Scalable | Affordable

Integrated Platform for all your Solar Plants
Monitor Anytime - Everywhere!
Predictive Analysis
Retain historic data and forecast generation
Ease of Maintenance
Works on 2G Data Cards
No Lease line Rental
Monitors upto String level
Forecasting of Energy No OFC, UG Cables, No Network equipment
Comparisons with PVSyst
Measure | Monitor | Analyze
Leverage our effort to maximize your revenue
C Ph : +91 70229 49911 +91 80235 68018 EQ August 2017 13

Energy Department
Invests $7.5 Million
to Improve Electric
Grid Reliability and
the Department of Energy (DOE) an-
nounced an award of $7.5 million for a
joint U.S.-India five-year project that will
help advance the development of the
power grid. The Indian Ministry of Science
and Technology and industry partners
will match DOEs commitment, bringing
the total commitment to $30 million.

nitiative, supported by DOEs Office of Elec-
tricity Delivery and Energy Reliability builds
on the Departments commitment to fostering
the reliable, resilient, and secure delivery of
electricity needed for strong U.S. national
security, economic growth, and global lead-
ership, as well as furthering DOEs collabora-
tion with India under the U.S.-India Partner- Through JCERDC, U.S world-class installa-
ship to Advance Clean Energy (PACE).
tions and national laboratories will contrib-
ute their expertise and capabilities as India
expands energy access to its remote areas,
improves its grid reliability and resilience,
and strengthens its energy security. In turn,
U.S. participants will gain insight from Indias
grid modernization efforts a potential ex-
port market for U.S. equipment worth billions
This new consortium demonstrates U.S. and Indian of dollars as well as promote researcher ac-
commitments to ensuring access to affordable and cess to Indias grid operational experience.
reliable energy in both countries, said U.S. Energy
Secretary Rick Perry. We know that continued UI-ASSISTs American team, led by Washington
grid innovation will promote economic growth and State University, is comprised of MIT, Texas
energy security in the United States and India. A&M University, University of Hawaii, Idaho
National Laboratory, Lawrence Berkeley
The U.S.-India collaborative for smart distribution National Laboratory, Snohomish County (WA)
System wIth Storage (UI-ASSIST) was selected as Public Utility District, Avista, Burns and Mc-
the new consortia for Smart Grid and Energy Stor- Donnell, ETAP Operation Technology, ALSTOM
age under the U.S.-India Joint Clean Energy Re- Grid/GE Grid Solutions, Clean Energy Storage,
search and Development Center (JCERDC). To help ABB, Philadelphia Industrial Development
pave the way to a more advanced distribution grid Corporation, and the National Rural Electric
that will allow for greater use of distributed energy
resources, such as microgrids, and energy storage,
Cooperative Association (NRECA). The India
the new consortia will bring together experts from team is led by the Indian Institute of Technol-
academia, DOEs national laboratories, and industry. ogy (IIT) Kanpur and includes the partners IIIT
Together with their counterparts in India, the center Delhi, IIT Madras, IIT Roorkee, IIT Bhubanesh-
will conduct research and deploy new smart grid and war, and The Energy and Resources Institute
energy storage technologies that will modernize the (TERI) New Delhi.
grids of both nations to make them smarter, while
increasing resilience and reliability.

14 EQ August 2017 EQ August 2017 15
16 EQ August 2017

Regulatory Commissions, India Will Continue To

Not Courts To Determine Cut Generation From
Electricity Tariff Coal Plants, Says Pow-
er Minister Goyal

Power Minister Piyush Goyal said on coal operations

in India will reduce further as power grids are now
sourcing more from renewable energy sources.

The Supreme Court, in Waryam Steel Castings Pvt Ltd vs Punjab To support the renewable energy sector, we have
State Power Corporation, has reiterated its stand that it would lowered coal plant operations from 70 percent to 55
not be proper for the court to examine the fixation of electricity percent. The ministry has decided to drop down the
tariff rates or its revision, while dismissing appeals preferred by technical minimum for coal-based thermal power
arc furnace industries in Punjab. plants to 55 percent allowing greater integration of

renewable power into the grid, he said at the release
ench comprising Justice Ranjan Gogoi of a study, developed under the U.S.-India bilateral
and Justice Navin Sinha was considering program Greening the Grid, in New Delhi.

pleas against the high court order, where-
by it dismissed the challenge questioning echnical and economic viability of
the correctness of the quantum/rate of integrating 175 gigawatts (GW) of re-
surcharge as determined by the regulatory newable energy into Indias power grid
commission and upheld by the appellate by 2022, according to the study. India
tribunal. has set at ambitious target of adding
100 GW of solar energy and 60 GW of
wind energy into the countrys energy
The court reiterated the observations made in Transmission mix by 2022.
Corporation of Andhra Pradesh Ltd and Anr v. Sai Renew- We will have to be prepared for ramp down of coal to
able Power Private Ltd, wherein it was observed: The only ensure grid stability. Best way to provide a spinning re-
explanation for judicial intervention in tariff fixation/ serve to renewable energy is ultimately hydro. We had
an engagement with hydro sector yesterday. Govern-
revision is where the person aggrieved can show that the
ment can support transmission facility.
tariff fixation was illegal, arbitrary or ultra vires the Act. It Piyush Goyal, Power Minister Goyal had assured
would be termed as illegal if statutorily prescribed proce- industry leaders from the hydro-power sector at an
dure is not followed or it is so perverse and arbitrary that it ASSOCHAM round table discussion on Wednesday
hurts the judicial conscience of the court making it neces- that the government can look into the issue of payment
sary for the court to intervene. Even in these cases the scope security and interest subvention.
of jurisdiction is a very limited one.

The court further observed that the nature of power ex- We are also considering to recognise hydro
ercised in determining tariff under the Electricity Act 2003, as a renewable energy source and once we do
is statutory, and it is required to be exercised within the that, we would have 20 percent of actual energy
four corners of the relevant provisions of the 2003 Act i.e. consumed becoming renewable in the next 5-6
Sections 62 to 64 and in accordance with the principles laid years,
down in Section 61 thereof.
Source: bloombergquint
Source: EQ August 2017 17


Power demand to soar

about 3 times by 2040:
Niti Aayog
Indias energy demand is likely to soar around three times
by 2040, leading to increase in overall primary energy

imports, says Niti Aayogs draft National Energy Policy.

TN to set up Rs 2350 raft policy has also revealed that

even if efforts were stepped up to

cr solar photovoltaic enhance domestic energy supply,

coupled with heroic effort to reduce
energy demand, Indias overall
power park primary energy import dependence
could still rise to 36-55 per cent by
The Tamil Nadu government today proposed a series of new initia- 2040 from 31 per cent in 2012.
tives in various sectors, including energy and power, running
into many thousands of crores of rupees.
As per the energy modelling exercise under-
taken by the NITI Aayog India Energy Security
To support the renewable Scenarios (IESS), 2047, the energy demand of In-
energy sector, we have
lowered coal plant opera-
dia is likely to go up by 2.7-3.2 times between 2012
tions from 70 percent to 55 and 2040, with the electricity component itself
percent. The ministry has rising 4.5 fold,
decided to drop down the
technical minimum for Niti Aayog said in its Draft National Energy Policy. It
coal-based thermal power further noted that an expert group constituted by NITI
plants to 55 percent allow- Aayog has determined that meeting the 175 GW renew-
ing greater integration able installed capacity target by 2022, would not be as
of renewable power into much a financial challenge as a technical one.
the grid, Chief Minister K
Palaniswami at the release
of a study, developed under
the U.S.-India bilateral pro-
BHEL bags 15 MW solar
gram Greening the Grid, in
New Delhi. photovoltaic plant
order in Gujarat

State-run Bharat Heavy Electricals has secured an order
hief Minister K Palaniswami made suo motu for setting up a 15 MW solar photovoltaic power plant on
announcements using Tamil nadu Assem-

EPC basis in Gujarat.
bly rule No 110, often used by former chief
minister Jayalalithaa to spell out her gov- ujarat Alkalies and Chemical Limited
ernments various initiatives and measures. placed the order for setting up plant
Among the announcements made in the at Gujarat Solar Park in Charanka,
energy sector, the chief minister said the the power equipment maker said in
government will set up an Ultra Mega Solar a statement. This will be BHELs first
Photovoltaic Power Park in Ramanathapuram district at an ground-mounted Solar PV project in
estimated cost of Rs 2350 crore. Gujarat. The company is presently
State-run TANGEDCO will establish the 500 MW power executing over 180 MW of ground-
park on Engineering Procurement Construction (EPC) basis mounted and rooftop Solar PV projects across the
at Naripaiyur and adjoining villages in the district, Palaniswa- country, it said. BHEL has been contributing to the na-
mi also announced setting up of nearly 130 new sub-stations tional initiatives for developing and promoting renewable
& In the Industries sector, the chief minister proposed a energy-based products on a sustained basis since the
Multi-Modal Logistics Park in neighbouring Tiruvallur district. past three decades, the company said. It has enhanced
The chief minister also announced that the government
its state-of-the-art manufacturing lines of solar cells to
will establish three industrial estates one each in Vellore,
105 MW and solar modules to 226 MW per annum. In
Tiruvannamalai and Tiruvallur districts, at an estimated cost
of Rs 77 crore, in the current year.
addition, space-grade solar panels using high efficiency
cells and space-grade battery panels are manufactured
at its Electronic Systems Division, Bengaluru.
Source: PTI Source: PTI

18 EQ August 2017


GST: Power tariffs will not

rise, says Piyush Goyal
Power tariffs will not rise after the Goods and Services Tax (GST)
regime gets implemented from July 1, Union Power Minister Piyush

Goyal said.
ther issue was a dual slab rate structure for
cable industry products, which may require a We dont foresee any upward impact on
re-look. To a query whether the lower GST of
power tariffs from the GST, Goyal told
5 per cent on coal would help reduce power
the media here following a meeting with
tariffs, Goyal said he would meet the forum
of regulators on Friday to discuss ways to 75 industry associations.
transmit the benefits of tax reduction to All the sectors had technical issues
consumers. about the GST, which have been largely
He also said the industry was enthusiastic resolved across the table in this meeting,
about the transition to a more transparent tax except two issues where more consulta-
regime that would be the biggest reform that tions are required.
ever happened in independent India. Not a Goyal said one of the unresolved issues
single participant at todays meeting request- concerns fly ash, which is an environ-
ed deferment (of GST implementation). mental friendly product, but the ministry
was not in favour of a separate classifi-
cation for it under the GST.

Source:BT EQ August 2017 19


649 govt schools in French Consulate heritage

Cgarh electrified building installed Waarees
through solar energy 144 Modules produce 5,700
As many as 649 government schools in remote areas of Chhat-
tisgarh have been electrified through solar energy.
units electricity per month
Electrification of government schools in remote
areas of the state through solar energy, being
done by Chhattisgarh State Renewable Energy
Development Agency (CREDA), is going on at a
good pace, an energy department official said
So far atleast 649 schools have been covered
under the project against the target of 1,561
schools, he said.

Waaree Energies Ltd supplied 144 solar panels on the roof top of
he 649 schools, CREDA has set up solar
the consulate building. The heritage building houses of French
power plants in 490 while ensured supply Consulate of Puducherry became the first administrative building
of the French government in India to go green.

connectivity in 159 schools where solar
power plants were already established,
he added.The total cost to supply power nauguration done by V. Narayanasamy
in 1,561 schools through solar energy has (Chief Minister of Puducherry) with
been estimated at around Rs 45.98 crore the renovated reception hall of the
of which so far Rs 8.18 crore have been Embassy that can be completely lit
spent by CREDA, he said. Besides, a proposal of Rs 37.80 by sunlight alone. Apart from replac-
crore has been sent to Sarva Shikhsa Abhiyaan office here ing LED lights in the hall, the architects
for the electrification of remaining schools, the official. have constructed surfaces on the pillars
that can bounce light back to the ceiling and diffuse
it lighting up the entire central hall.

CleanMax Solar to pow- French Consul General in Puduch-

erry Philippe Janvier Kamiyama
er Chennai Metro said that as per an energy audit
carried out in 2015, the embassy
Onsite solar energy provider CleanMax Solar has bagged the order building fulfils the criteria for a
to power Chennai Metro Rail Ltd. five star rating, the highest level of

certification of energy efficiency given by
leanMax has bagged six MW Solar Rooftop Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE).
Turnkey contract on RESCO model (Re-
newable Energy Service Company (RES-
CO) model) that would be used to power
metro stations, depots and administration Inspired by the United Nations Conference on Climate
buildings, Change held in Paris during December 2015 (known as COP
21), the Embassy of France in India decided to implement
several projects to make the Puducherry Consulate building
The venture will involve the installation environment friendly during the year 2016.
of rooftop and ground mounted solar Waaree Energies Ltd supplied 144 solar panels on the roof
PV plants at 12 metro stations and at the top of the consulate building. The 45.36 kW capacity roof top
maintenance depot in Koyambedu, it said. on-grid solar system produces on an average 5700 units per
month. Since mid-July, the solar plant has produced more
than 33,000 units of power thus saving more than 2.3 lakh, he
The move was also in line with the Centres added.
vision of moving towards renewable energy He said: The continuous technical improvements and
by 2022. With the use of renewable energy, change in user habits over more than a decade are bearing
the company said it would reduce the fruits for making this consulate a very environment friendly
carbon dioxide emission by 7,438 tonnes building. While this building consumed 53,358 units of power
per year and save Rs 1.50 crore annually to in July 2002, the bill for July 2016 shows 16,889 units, a
Chennai Metro. reduction of more than 68%, an indicator of all the efforts un-
dertaken both in the domains of conservation and production.

20 EQ August 2017


845MW worth solar power plants Daimlers Chennai plant

installed across India: NTPC to run on green power
German auto maker Daimler will power its truck
The National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) of India has recently re- and bus manufacturing factory using renewable
vealed that India now hosts so solar power capacity worth 845 MW, after energy from next year.

the recent addition of the 225 MW Mandsaur Solar Power Project - a 250

MW solar farm located in Madhya Pradesh.
he 400-acre manufacturing
remaining 25 MW will be commissioned as soon campus of Daimler India Com-
as evacuation constraints pertaining to the solar mercial Vehicles (DICV), Indian
park developer Rewa Ultra Mega Solar Limited arm of Daimler, at Oragadam
are eradicated; PV Magazine quoted the Mercom near Chennai meets more than
Capital Group, as reporting. 70 per cent of its electrical
Apart from this, Vikram Solar, BHEL and Tata needs from renewable sources.
Power also have 50 MW plants currently operating
on the site.Solar power is being increasingly pro- About 16 per cent of our factorys day-
moted as an alternative source of energy, the latest to-day energy needs are met through
one being the installation of solar panels on the solar energy. Another 55-60 per cent of
rooftop of all Kochi Metro Rail stations Apart from this, the Delhi Metro the energy is sourced from wind mills.
is also enabled with solar PV, and is set to further expand the capacity.
Our total electrical power consumption
Mumbai is also considering the creation of a rooftop solar network to
be incorporated with the Central Railways. in 2016 was 28 MWh, Marc Llistosella,
Head of Daimler Trucks Asia, told Busi-
MoU between NTPC and MOP DICV has entered into contract with wind

for 2017-18 power producers. It has set up solar panels for

a total capacity of 3.3 MW at its Oragadam facil-
As per the MOU, NTPC has generation target of 250 Billion Units during ity. By 2018, the factorys power demand will be
the year under Excellent category. Revenue target from Operations entirely met renewable energy sources. With

under Excellent category is Rs 79,280 Crore. that, he believes, this will be the first automo-
tive plant that will be run fully on green power,
ddition to above, parameters related to financial Through its solar panels alone, 3,500 tonnes of
performance, operational efficiency, CAPEX, CO2 are saved every year. These solar panels
projects monitoring and HR Management are were made in India.
also part of MoU in line with guidelines of Depart-
ment of Public Enterprises. NTPC is the largest Going green is no longer about im-
power utility company in India with a total installed age-building, it is about creating energy
capacity of 51,635 MW. Company has presence efficiency. Solar and wind energy prices
in Coal , Gas , Solar PV, Hydro and Wind Power are now competitive. It is just a ques-
Generation and Coal Mining. tion of whether you want it or not, EQ August 2017 21


Solar power
helps pump up
petrol sales
amid power
Solar energy is displacing
fossil fuels across the
globe. But in India, it is help-
ing boost sales of diesel and
petrol at filling stations.

s petrol pumps start using solar
energy, many of them, especially
in the hinterland with ample
Solar is not just about being environment-friendly. It is
sunlight, are reclaiming as much paying off financially as it helps raise sales as well as bring
as 10 per cent of sales earlier lost down the operating cost for petrol pumps, said AK Shar-
due to inadequate and erratic grid ma, director (finance) at Indian Oil Corp, the nations
power supply. Some of the newer largest fossil fuel retailer, which has about a quarter of its
pumps have opted for solar only 26,500 pumps using solar energy. Hindustan Petroleum
to avoid the higher cost of grid and Bharat Petroleum have about 9 per cent and 7.5 per
cent of their pumps using solar energy, respectively.

hree years ago, Vikas Sharma, the manager of an
Indian Oil pump at Bhojpur in Ghaziabad district, All these accumulate into a substantial loss
would lose up to 10 per cent of his monthly sales of business in a month, said Sharma, who in-
as electricity was available for only 8-10 hours stalled solar panels in early 2015 at his decade-
daily, not necessarily during business hours. Not old pump to the meet fuel demand thats grow-
every customer is ready to wait. By the time you ing with rising rural incomes and roads getting
get your boys to start the backup generator, the increasingly better.
customer would have left. Thats the cost one pays This has changed everything for us, he
daily for being dependent on grid, said Sharma, said, pointing to the silicon sheets shining in the
who runs a fuel outlet for rural customers, about 50 summer sun on top of his sales office at the fill-
km from the Delhi border. ing station surrounded on three sides by fields
Sometimes the staff at filling stations is too lazy awaiting sowing of the season.
to even start the generator, knowing the cost of Earlier, half the time our boys would be busy
running it would be more than the money made calling up the grid power suppliers office to
from a motorcyclist wanting to fill Rs 20 worth of correct faults, or starting the diesel generator or
petrol. getting some mechanic to repair the generator
In about two and a half years, Sharma has if it was acting up, he said. With quality power
more than recouped his investment of Rs 5.5 lakh supply from solar, even the cost of equipment
on solar installation. His electricity bill halved to Rs maintenance has fallen.
7,000 a month and expenses of Rs 15,000 a month
on the backup generator disappeared, saving him
Rs 22,000 a month. Sharma isnt going totally off- The initial cost of connecting to a grid was
grid because it would be difficult if he ever wanted Rs 2.5-3 lakh then. And for a supply of 6-8 hours
to draw power from the grid in future. a day, I would have had to pay a minimum Rs
On the other hand, dealers like Prabhat Tyagi 5,000 every month. Add to this cost of a diesel
have never looked at grid as an option. He has re- generator. Therefore, I chose solar installation,
lied on solar for all energy needs since 2012, when which came for Rs 6 lakh and no operating
he started operating a filling station in Ghaziabad. cost.

Source: ET

24 EQ August 2017 EQ August 2017 25

Installed Solar Project at

Khopoli Facility, Maharashtra
First and Only Company in ERW
segment to Power its facility
with Solar Energy.
Solar project to generate 1100 MWh / Year, Same amount of
energy sufficient to power the installed and upcoming Capacities
Over 12,000 solar pumps

24OO Solar Panels mounted, on an area equivalent to 3.75 Acres
ama Steel Tubes Limited (BSE: 539309, NSE:
RAMASTEEL), a leading player in the manu-
facturing of ERW pipes, has lnstalled Solar
distributed to farmers in
Project at Khopoli Facility, Maharashtra. This
Solar project will be generating 1100 MWh
/ Year of energy, same amount of energy
needed to power the installed and upcoming Over 12,000 solar pumps have been distributed so far to the farm-
Capacities. The solar project has a capacity of 750 KWp and ers at subsidised rates under Saur Sujala Yojna in Chhattisgarh.
will generate the same amount of energy needed to power
the current as well as the planned upcoming capacity. An ar-
About 12,161 solar powered pumps had been provid-
ray of 2400 solar panels carpets the land, converting sunlight
ed to the farmers till now against the target of 11,300
into electrical currents. lt will save money and energy while
also protecting the environment. under Saur Sujala Yojna since the inception of the
scheme in November last year,

Commenting on the Solar installation,

Mr. Richi Bansal, CEO, Rama Steel Tubes Ltd Chief Minister Raman Singh
said, "We ore very pleased to inform the Com- was informed about the de-
pony hos successfully instolled Solor Project ot velopment under the scheme
Khopoli Focility, Mohorashtra. We ore the first while he was chairing a review
ond the only Compony in ERW segment to ln-
stoll Solor ponels ot its focility. We ore delighted meeting of the energy depart-
to be working with Viso Powertech Pvt Ltd to help ment at his official residence
us ochieve our su stoi n a bi I ity o m biti on s today, he said. Prime Minister
had launched the Saur Sujala
scheme on state.
Sunsure Commissions Lat- foundation day on November 1, 2016 in Raipur. Its aim
was to strengthen agriculture by providing irrigation
est Plant 2000 kWp Roof- facilities, particularly where there is no power supply,
and development of farmers in the state, he said.

top Solar for Merino Panel During the meeting, the chief minister instructed the
officials to focus more in 85 tribal-dominated develop-
ment blocks for the distribution of the solar energy-
Products in Haryana based irrigation pumps, the official said. Singh expressed
satisfaction that the department had distributed more
solar pumps than the set target and congratulated the
A 280 kWp Rooftop Solar plant was inaugurated by Shri C.L. officials, he said.
Lohia, Merino Group CMD on 5th May, 2017 at Merino Panel

Products Ltd. (MPPL), Bahadurgarh. The CM further stressed on the need to cover
With this latest addition, Merino 20,000 farmers under this scheme by the end
Groups total installed rooftop solar capac- of this year pointing that farmers belonging to
ity has reached 2000 kWp spread across remote areas and inaccessible regions, should
3 states in India. At 2 Megawatt installed, be given priority while distribution. Notably,
Merino Groups unwavering confidence farmers are being provided solar-irrigation
in solar energy places it among the top pumps of 5-horsepower and 3-horsepower at
industries using rooftop solar in India. heavily subsidized rates in the state. Solar irrigation pump
Sunsure Energy Pvt. Ltd. a Delhi-based turnkey solar worth Rs 3.5 lakh (3hp) is being given to Scheduled Caste
projects developer has installed 1400 kWp of this 2000 and Scheduled Tribe classes at the cost of Rs 7,000, to Oth-
kWp, including the 280 kWp plant inaugurated this month. er Backward Class (OBC) at Rs 12,000 and general category
Commissioned in June 2016, this was the largest single-site farmers at Rs 18,000.The remaining amount is borne by the
rooftop solar plant in Haryana at the time. Pleased with the state government, Besides, the chief minister also directed
superior performance of Sunsures plant, Merino and Sun- the officials to complete electrification of all villages and ham-
sure joined hands again for setting up a 500 kWp plant at lets by March next year. Similarly, he also asked to complete
Merino Industries Limited, Uttar Pradesh which was commis- the installation of 32 power substations being established in
sioned in October 2016. different parts of the state, by March next year.
Source : PTI

26 EQ August 2017


Rooftop solar to become norm by CEL launches 600 KW solar plant

2040: Niti Aayog
NEW DELHI: Rooftop solar set-ups would become the norm in the country
by 2040, according to government think-tank Niti Aayogs draft National

Energy Policy (NEP).
owever, the draft NEP has maintained that in an
increased electricity share and in the immediate
run-up towards universal coverage of electricity, it
may not be viable to tap rooftop solar for homes.
According to the draft, the share of solar and wind

is expected to be 14-18 per cent and 9-11 per cent
in electricity, and 3-5 per cent and 2-3 per cent in entral Electronic Ltd (CEL) has com-
the primary commercial energy mix respectively, by missioned a 600 KW solar power
2040. The draft also noted that the advent of Electric Vehicles (EVs) plant in Sahibabad Industrial Area
will help curb a rise in share of oil. Environment friendly gas would of Ghaziabad. This takes the total
substitute oil in many uses. However, captive solar power capacity on
the CEL campus to 1 MW, said a
the share of oil and gas would have almost maintained their company statement. The plant was
shares of 26 per cent and 6.5 per cent in 2015-16 to 25-27 per inaugurated by Minister of Science
cent and 8-9 per cent in 2040, respectively. and Technology Harsh Vardhan
on Wednesday. He also laid the
While coal would have risen in absolute terms (nearly double), but foundation stone for a Solar Technol-
in relative terms, it would have reduced its contribution from 58 per ogy Park in the CEL campus and
cent in 2015 to 44-50 per cent in 2040, the draft said. The overall launched a solar rickshaw developed
share of fossil fuels would come down from 81 per cent in 2012 to by CEL at the event.
78 per cent in ambitious pathway in 2040.
Source:PTI EQ August 2017 27


Delhi Government Signs CleanMax Enerparc India Installs Worlds

Solar as Sustainability Partner 1st Solar Power Plant on Ship
CleanMax Solar, Indias largest on-site solar power pro- to Shore (STS) Cranes at Gateway
vider has been awarded a 2.5 MW contract by Indraprastha
Power Generation Co Ltd (IPGCL) who has the mandate to Terminals India.

execute solar project.
epartment of Power, Delhi Government to
meet their growing power demands at sev-
eral institutes and prime locations around
the city. With this, CleanMax Solar will aid
public facilities and infrastructure projects to
go green by adopting sustainable sources of
energy. for a city whose air pollution levels
have spiralled out of control, the clean solar power CleanMax
Solars plants will come as a relief to the capital. With the
citys electricity consumption on the rise, the rooftop solar
plants will assist in bridging the demand-supply gap, generat-
ing enough energy to power 1500 homes. Furthermore, the
plants are expected to slash carbon dioxide content by up to
1074 tons annually. Cumulatively, the plants will also meet a Enerparc India Installs Worlds 1st Solar Power Plant
whopping total of 50 percent of the power saving per unit and on Ship to Shore (STS) Cranes at Gateway Terminals India.
will save taxpayers INR 55 lakhs per annum through their pay
as you go OPEX model.
Solar installation on STS cranes is a
unique project and 1st of its kind in the
Commenting on winning the tender, world. Though the site was complex
Andrew Hines, Co-Founder, CleanMax and had its own set of challenges,
Solar said, We are very happy to have the project was completed in a timely
been awarded the contracts to provide manner, keeping in mind the exemplary
sustainable energy solutions for the city quality and highest safety standards said
of Delhi. While CleanMax is already the Mr. Amit Barve, Vice President Business Development
industry leader in solar solutions to corporates, we see at Enerparc Energy

a fantastic opportunity to help government and institu-
tional clients to do the same. As a city that has grappled
nerparc Energy Pvt, Ltd. Indian subsidiary of
with the adverse effects of air pollution on, opting for Global Solar EPC and Investment Compa-
solar energy is a great way for Delhi to meet its energy nyEnerparc AG, Germany recently commis-
requirement while also reducing its energy costs and sioned 162kWp Solar PV power plant on
its carbon footprint. roof of Ship to Shore (STS) cranes located at
Nava-Sheva port near Mumbai. The complete
Registration open for rooftop project right from concept stage, to designing,
engineering and construction was executed
solar power plants by Enerparc for Gateway Terminals India Pvt. Ltd., part of
APM Terminals Global network.
The Delhi governments power department today said it has APM Terminal, one of the world leader in port, terminal
opened registration process for installation of rooftop and inland services is not new to benefits of Solar Energy.
In the 1st phase Enerparc has already installed 413kWp of
solar power plants in the city, as it aims to tap one Giga Watt rooftop solar PV system at various sites of the customer. To

of green energy by the year 2020. expand further, roof of control room on top of STS cranes
The registration process has been opened for resi- was identified. APM have in total 10 heavy duty STS cranes
dents of Delhi in the residential, institutional and so- which are used for loading and unloading of containers from
cial sector categories under the city governments ship to shore and other way around. The location was chal-
solar policy of 2016 and Delhi Electricity Regula- lenging as these control room are at height of 65m from the
tory Commissions (Net Metering for Renewable ground level and are subjected to constant vibration from
Energy) Regulations 2014, a senior official said. the high shore winds and movement of crane in different
Under the scheme, 30 per cent central finance directions, also the beams supporting the crane keeps cast-
assistance will be given by the Ministry of New and ing shadow on installed solar modules.
Renewable Energy (MNRE) on the cost of solar photo-voltaic Enerparc with its technical knowledge and solar exper-
plant. The generation based incentive (GBI) of Rs two per tise overcame these challenges by using the right technol-
unit is also there for residential category, the official said. The ogy for solar modules, so that the concerns related to micro
Indraprastha Power Generation Company Ltd (IPGCL) has cracks (due to movement of crane) as well as hot spots (due
empanelled vendors for solar photo-voltaic installations. to partial shading from support beams) are addressed.
Source : PTI

28 EQ August 2017



YES BANK, Indias fourth largest private sector bank,
and FMO (the Development Bank of the Netherlands),
along with DEG (the Development Bank of Germany) and
Proparco (the Development Bank of France), organized Sharing his thoughts on the opportunity of
an investment symposium on The Opportunity of Green green finance in India, Mr. Rana Kapoor,
MD & CEO, YES BANK, said, Green
Finance in India, where the four banks signed a charter Financing has become a propeller of the
to champion green finance in India. global sustainability agenda and will play
a mission critical role in meeting Indias

climate targets. The governments thrust
anks commit- Oxides of Nitrogen (NOX). YES towards transforming India into a low-
ted to mobilize BANK issued Indias first ever carbon economy offers financial institutions
green invest- Green Infrastructure Bonds in and investors an unprecedented opportunity to leverage green
ments, seize February 2015, raising INR 10 financing as a growth accelerator for sunrise and climate positive
opportunities in billion, followed by a second sectors such as renewable energy. YES BANK has taken a lead in
Indias sunrise issue of INR 3.15 billion in demonstrating innovative climate financing mechanisms, and
sectors, and August 2015. In September catalyzing the Indian climate finance market. We are proud to
contribute to 2016, YES BANK raised INR partner and to facilitate global development banks in expanding
achieving Indias Nationally De- 3.3 billion by issuing a 7-year their green portfolios in India.
termined Contribution (NDC) term green bond to FMO the
and Sustainable Development Dutch banks first investment
Goals (SDG) targets, towards in Green Infrastructure Bond Commenting on the occasion, Ms. Linda
climate change. issued by a bank in India. Broekhuizen, Chief Investment Officer,
The symposium, which Over 50 different domes- FMO, said, FMO is convinced that to accelerate
aimed to shed light on the tic and international financial green finance and to have a meaningful impact,
increasing investment poten- institutions, spanning the public it is essential that financial institutions, govern-
tial of green assets in India and private sector, including ments and international development finance
and the Asia-Pacific region, regulators, stock exchanges, institutions bundle forces. This event forms a
also marked the launch of rating agencies, banks, private unique platform to discuss the opportunity-side of green finance,
YES BANKs first Green Bond equity firms, and DFIs, at- connect the parties and propel local prosperity.
Impact Report, highlight- tended the symposium. Also in
ing the outcomes of projects attendance were key stalwarts
financed by the Banks three from the banking and finance Commenting on the occasion, Ms. Karin Homermann, Vice
green bonds, as of FY17. The industry such as Mr. Ashish- President, DEG, said, DEG as a development finance institu-
proceeds of the green bonds kumar Chauhan, MD & CEO, tion is focusing on green finance and has invested in the de-
issued by YES BANK have Bombay Stock Exchange; velopment of wind, solar and hydro power assets in India since
helped fund renewable energy Ms. Ayaan Z. Adam, Director, 2008. We are looking forward to work on sustainable solutions
projects across nine states Private Sector Facility, Green together with our partners YES BANK, FMO and Proparco in
of India, and are estimated to Climate Fund; Ms. Chandni order to contribute to Indias clean energy transition.
generate 2.35 million MWh of Khosla, Head, International About YES BANK
electricity, annually. Addition- Business, National Stock
ally, these projects will poten- Exchange, and Ms. Bar- YES BANK has adopted international best practices,
tially avoid annual emissions nali Mukherjee, Chief General the highest standards of service quality and operational
of 2.3 MT of Carbon Dioxide Manager, Securities Exchange excellence, and offers comprehensive banking and finan-
(CO2), 19 KT of Sulphur Board of India, amongst others. cial solutions to all its valued customers.
Dioxide (SO2), and 5.7 KT of
Source:Yes Bank EQ August 2017 29


Mumbai housing society

switches to solar power,
saves Rs 2 lakh a month on
electricity bills
Residents of a housing complex in Kandivli are leaving no stone
unturned in reducing their carbon footprint. Be it rainwater
harvesting, use of solar power, installation of LED bulbs,
getting waste water treatment plants or maintaining a green
cover, the 230 families residing in Raheja Eternity have gone all

out to develop a sustainable living environment.
GOLDEN TEMPLE KITCHEN TO he residents of the 20-storey building have
reduced their dependence on the electric-
SOON GO SOLAR ity grid by nearly 60% by using solar power
generated in the premises. The residents
The SGPC plans to switch over to solar energy soon to cook collected Rs.35 lakh to install a 65KW rooftop
langar in the worlds largest kitchen at the Golden Temple. At solar system to mark World Environment Day
present, at Sri Guru Ramdas Langar Hall, free food is prepared in June. Their energy conservation efforts,
through LPG and some amount of wood is also used as fuel to however, started before this. They replaced all regular lights
in the buildings common areas with energy-efficient LED
prepare food for about 60,000 devotees daily.

umber increases during weekends and
special occasions. The langar preparation
sourced through solar energy would not only Hardois Royal Enfield
reduce the use of wood, which is the main
source of pollution, but would also help in showroom goes all-solar
reducing the expenses on LPG cylinders.
Around 5,000 LPG cylinders are used in the
However, little did he know that it would change his life. Intro-
kitchen every month. duction to Su-Kams youtube channel was a turning point for
A team of Punjab Energy Development him. It was at that point of time that he decided to solarize his

Authority led by its director Balor Singh showroom in Hardoi.
today explored the area where the solar
energy plant was to be installed. PEDA has olar plant generates approximately 5 units of
been working on a plan to prepare langar electricity every day depending on the weather
at the shrine with a solar steam cooking conditions and powers 15 lights and 7 fans in the
system for long. showroom. This was made possible due to the
initiative of Su-Kam under which a solar inverter
called Brainy Eco was installed in the showroom.
Brainy Eco consists of an intelligent off-grid solar
A solar plant has been proposed. Golden system that runs both on solar and mains. In
Temple manager Sulakhan Singh said, this office, for example, if they want to use mains power
This plant will not only be eco-friendly but whenever it is available they can select grid priority so that
whenever mains is available, the load will run on mains and
will also be efficient in cooking vegetables, battery will charge by mains. On all other times, it will give
daal, chapattis etc. Other sources of fuel priority to solar. The same way one can select solar priority
like the LPG system will also be kept as to maximum use solar power at all times.
backup in case of cloudy weather or a
snag, he said. The solution is not only eco-friendly but also
a cost effective measure to tackle power
crisis, says Kunwer Sachdev, Managing
Meanwhile, the work on modernising the Director, Su-Kam. For Nihal, the solar en-
new langar hall is in full swing. The new ergy has solved his power woes. Installing
building would have four floors, including the solar plant has indeed made life comfort-
basement. The new facility will boast of an able for me and my customers. For a small
ultramodern cooking facility, air-conditioned town like Hardoi, where load shedding is the order of
sitting place, lifts, separate provision for the day, solar energy comes to our rescue. The switch-
over time of the inverter is minimal thus enabling my
washing the vegetables, basement for stor-
operations to run smoothly. It has also substantially
age of vegetables and ration, apart from a
reduced our electricity bills, he says. Impressed by suc-
conveyor system. cessful operations, Nihal has decided to solarize all his
upcoming ventures.

30 EQ August 2017 EQ August 2017 31

GE Energy Financial Services to invest $90 mil-

lion in RattanIndias solar power assets
Attracted by Indias growing clean energy play, GE Energy Financial Services (GEEFS) is expanding its Indian renewable
energy portfolio and plans to invest $90 million to develop a solar power project portfolio of 500 megawatt (MW) with

RattanIndia Group.
Es investment in the Indian project
comes at a time when financing at
the lowest cost has become the key
to success, with bids falling almost
by the day (projects are awarded to
the firm that agrees to charge the
lowest tariff).

GEEFS has made investment commitments of around $15

billion globally.

RattanIndia and GEEFS

are partnering to develop
500MW solar assets in the
ratio of 51:49. GEEFS will be
investing $90 million for the
500MW solar portfolio and
has already invested money in 210MW solar
projects of RattanIndia located in Govern-
ment Solar Parks at Bhadla (Rajasthan),
Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh), Pavagada (Karna-
taka) and in RattanIndias own land at Katol
(Maharashtra), said Anjali Rattan, chief Through its subsidiary Yarrow Infrastructure Ltd, it
executive office of RattanIndia Solar, in also won a 70MW solar project at a tariff of Rs4.36
an emailed statement. per kWh in an NTPC Ltd-run e-auction.
Rajiv Rattan co-founded the Indiabulls Group in 1999.
India has an ambitious clean energy In July 2014, the power and infrastructure businesses
target of adding 175 gigawatts (GW) by were split from Indiabulls and rebranded RattanIndia,
2022 and has announced its intent to stay with Rattan as chairman.
the course on its commitments to reduce
carbon emissions despite the USs with- RattanIndia group has thermal power plants with
drawal from the Paris climate agreement on installed capacity of 2,700MW and renewable plants
grounds the deal favoured India and China totalling 300MW.
and was unfair to the US.
It sells most of the renewable power produced at its
GE Energy Financial Services plants to central government entities such as NTPC
investment will provide dry powder to and Solar Energy Corp. of India Ltd.
RattanIndia Group to bid for future solar
power projects, said a person aware of
the development on condition of ano- All future capacity addition of the Group will be done under
nymity. renewables segment only and the capacity of RattanIndia
GEEFS has previously invested in Group will be scaled to 5,000MW in near term, said Anjali
Welspun Renewables Energy Pvt. Ltds Rattan.
Neemuch plant, Atria Power wind projects Indias installed solar power generation capacity has risen
at Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh over fourfold to 12.2GW from 2.6GW as of 26 May 2014. The
and Betul district of Madhya Pradesh, and National Democratic Alliance government has been promoting
Greenko Group Plc.s wind projects in India. solar power in the country. As part of this push, it has decided
Spokespersons for GEEFS and GE India to continue the policy of exempting solar power producers from
did not respond to emails seeking com- interstate supply charges till December 2019. The decision was
ment. The solar energy business in India taken by the ministry of power in consultation with the Ministry
has seen a significant decline in tariffs from of New and Renewable Energy and other stakeholders since
Rs10.95-12.76 per kilo-watt hour (kWh) in imposition of charges would have raised cost of using solar
2010-11. They hit a new low of Rs2.44 per power from another state by Rs1-2.50 per kWh, depending on
unit in May at the auction of 500MW capac- the distance it is transmitted and voltage at which it is supplied,
ity at the Bhadla solar park in Rajasthan. India Ratings and Research wrote in a 28 June report.

32 EQ August 2017


Solar power: US gives India time till year-end to scrap

local sourcing rules
The United States has agreed to give India time till December 14 this year to remove the requirement for mandatory
domestic sourcing of solar panels and modules under its national solar power generation programme.

his means that all contracts for solar power
production entered into with power producers
after December 14 under the Jawaharlal Ne- Poultry issue
hru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) should
not include compulsory domestic sourcing The US, in a separate still implemented, to be
norms which the World Trade Organisation dispute on import restric- re-worked.
has ruled against, a government official tions on poultry, imposed
told BusinessLine. Washington decided to give New a demand for $450 million WTO judgements
Delhi up to 14 months to change its rules and bring them annual compensation are implemented with
in conformity with the Dispute Settlement Bodys (DSB) from India for alleged fail- prospective effect.
recommendations following intense consultations between ure to implement a WTO Hopefully, the US would
the two countries on the reasonable period of time for verdict within the reason- not insist on re-working
implementation of the WTO verdict against Indias local able period of time. old contracts as it
sourcing norms. could lead to a serious
The usual implementation period at the WTO (de- India moved to change set back for the pro-
cided by the complainant) is between 12 months and 15 its rules in poultry only gramme, the official
months, but sometimes it could be lesser. The DSB had after the US demanded said.
ruled in favour of a US complaint against the requirement compensation. The
that power producers under the JNNSM should com- disagreement between The WTO judgement
pulsory procure a part of solar panels and modules for the two countries on the against India in the solar
their projects from local producers as it argued that the matter is still on. Such power dispute is a big
provision discriminated against foreign producers. While a situation should be blow to the countrys
the JNNSM aims to add 100,000MW of solar power by avoided through timely fledgling solar component
2022, the local content requirement is only for 8,000 MW action by all Minis- manufacturing indus-
for rooftop and land-based projects where the government tries and Departments try which faces huge
provides a subsidy. concerned in the solar competition from imports
case, he added. from China and the US.
The Ministry of New and
Now that the US has agreed to give India 14 In the solar dispute, Renewable Energy has,
months (from date of adoption of DSB rul- what also needs to be however, assured the
ing on October 14, 2016) it should utilise the seen is whether the US industry that it was look-
time to make the necessary change its rules would want the contracts ing at alternative ways of
signed before December supporting local manufac-
and not wait for the last minute to do so as
14, 2017, but were being turers.
it did in the case of the poultry dispute, a
trade expert based in Delhi said.
Source : BL EQ August 2017 33


Dutch PM lauds In-

dias commitment to
renewable energy,
Paris Climate
Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte has laud-
ed India for its commitment to renewable
energy and the Paris Climate Agreement.

I commend India
for its commit-
ment to renewable
energy and to the
Paris Climate Agree-
ment, he said in a
joint statement with
Indian Prime Min-
ister Narendra Modi
at Catshuis.Prime
Minister Rutte said

It is with the help of Netherlands This visit of mine to Netherlands was decided
that India successfully got at a very short notice and yet I have to put
membership of Missile Technol- in the record that the way visit has been
ogy Control Regime last year, organized not only would you agree to ac-
Prime Minister Naredra commodating this visit at a short notice but
Modi said in joint statement in a very short period of time a very substan-
with Dutch PM Mark Rutte at tive programme has been setup and it is very
Catshuis. result oriented program,

Asserting that ties between India and
onds between India and The Netherlands goes Netherlands are very old, PM Modi said that
back to 1947 and these relations have become the bilateral relations between both sides
stronger over the years. Prime Minister Modi are very strong. Describing Netherlands as
has announced major sustainability initiatives a natural partner in the economic develop-
like Clean India and Make in India and as- ment of India, PM Modi said the trade and
serted that The Netherlands is a key partner economic ties between both sides are increas-
of India in a achieving its goal. Prime Minis- ing. He added that the both countries have
ter Rutte further that Indias development is intention to always make the bilateral ties
opening doors to trade and investment in both deeper and closer.
Highlighting that India is a global economic Today world is inter dependent and inter
power consisting of 1.2 billion population, connected therefore its absolutely natural
Indian markets have a lot of potential and The that in our discussions that we will not only
Netherlands have a lot to offer to India. He discuss bilateral issue but also international
also noted that 20 percent of Indias export to issues of importance.,
Europe enters through The Netherlands. Prime
Minister Modi on his part thanked The Nether-
lands for helping India get membership of Mis- Emphasising on the Indian Diaspora in
sile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) last Netherlands, PM Modi said that they are
year. PM Modi also expressed his gratitude the living links and living bridge between
to the warm welcome that has been accorded the two countries.
him and his entire delegation, adding that this
shows Netherlands warm sentiments towards
Indian people.

34 EQ August 2017


Indias electricity requirement Renewables set

seen soaring 37% in 5 years to dominate $10.2
Electrical energy requirement is expected to grow by 37% in five years,
according to the 19th electric power survey (EPS) report released by the
trillion investment
Central Electricity Authority (CEA). The country needs 1,566 billion units
into energy by 2040

(BUs) of energy in FY22, the report said.
ew Energy Outlook 2017
nergy requirement in FY17 was close to 1,143 BU, Long-term forecast of the
reflecting an annual growth of 2.6%. According to worlds power sector. Renew-
the 18th EPS published in 2011, energy requirement able energy sources are set to
in FY17 was expected to be 1,355 BU. The electri- represent almost three quarters
cal energy requirement on an all-India basis during of the $10.2 trillion the world
FY27, FY32 and FY37 has been assessed as 2,047 will invest in new power gener-
BU, 2,531 BU and 3,049 BU, respectively. The report ating technology until 2040, thanks to rapidly
also added that the expected peak demand in FY22 falling costs for solar and wind power, and a
would be 226 GW. However, it may be noted that the growing role for batteries, including electric
previous EPS had seen a peak demand in FY17 at vehicle batteries, in balancing supply and de-
199.5 GW, 25% lower than the actual peak demand in the same period. mand. Focused on the electricity system, NEO
The current installed power generating capacity in the country is nearly combines the expertise of over 80 market
329.3 GW. HomeEconomy Indias electricity requirement seen soaring and technology specialists in 12 countries to
37% in 5 years. Indias electricity requirement seen soaring 37% in 5 provide a unique view of how the market will
years Electrical energy requirement is evolve to 2040.
expected to grow by 37% in five years,
according to the 19th electric power
Nat Bullard: Investing trillions in
survey report released by Electrical
electricitys sunny future
energy requirement india, indian Electri- Electricitys future is sunny and windy, too - to
cal energy requirement, Electrical energy the tune of trillions of dollars of new invest-
requirement in india, electric power ment. While wind is tops in dollars, solar
survey, 19th electric power survey, latest continues to decline in cost, and that means it
electric power survey, eps report, electric will pass nuclear generation capacity this year,
power survey report Energy requirement wind in 2022 and gas in 2031. In 2032, solar
in FY17 was close to 1,143 BU, reflecting capacity will exceed coal-fired power genera-
an annual growth of 2.6%. tion capacity, and it is the single largest source
Electrical energy requirement is of capacity (though not of electrons) on the
expected to grow by 37% in five years, global grid.
according to the 19th electric power sur- Bloomberg Radio: Electric cars will
vey (EPS) report released by the Central be cheaper than gas cars
Electricity Authority (CEA). The country
New BNEF research shows that falling battery
needs 1,566 billion units (BUs) of energy
costs will mean electric vehicles will be cheap-
in FY22, the report said.
er than fuel-powered ones in the U.S. and
Energy requirement in FY17 was close
Europe as soon as 2025. Colin McKerracher,
to 1,143 BU, reflecting an annual growth
Head of Advanced Transport for Bloomberg
of 2.6%. According to the 18th EPS
New Energy Finance, joins Bloomberg Mar-
published in 2011, energy requirement in
kets AM with Pimm Fox and Lisa Abramowicz
FY17 was expected to be 1,355 BU. The electrical energy requirement
to discuss electric cars, battery prices, price
on an all-India basis during FY27, FY32 and FY37 has been assessed
competitiveness and how the automotive
as 2,047 BU, 2,531 BU and 3,049 BU, respectively. The report also
industry might be shifting in the future.
added that the expected peak demand in FY22 would be 226 GW. How-
ever, it may be noted that the previous EPS had seen a peak demand in Rapid growth in data centers a
FY17 at 199.5 GW, 25% lower than the actual peak demand in the same boon for lithium batteries
period. The current installed power generating capacity in the country is Data centers are the major purchasers of lead-
nearly 329.3 GW. The peak electricity demand has been estimated as based batteries which improve the power qual-
226 GW, 299 GW, 370 GW and 448 GW during FY22, FY27, FY32 and ity and provide instantaneous back-up power.
FY37, respectively. This is a rapidly growing market: demand for
Speculations of an additional requirement can come as a ray of battery back-up in data centers across North
hope for the power industry, which is currently mired in a low-demand America and Europe will quadruple between
scenario. This has led to power plants operating at low plant load factors 2016 and 2025, rising from 3.5 to 14 gigawatt-
(PLFs) which makes it difficult to service debts. The average PLF for hours. A smaller number of hyperscale data
thermal power plants across the country was 59.8% in FY17. PLF for centers, operated by companies such as
private sector plants was 55.7%. About 33,000 MW of coal-based power Google, Apple, Amazon, Facebook and Micro-
plants currently do not have long-term power purchase agreements. Out soft will dominate the data center market in the
of this, more than 18,000 MW are already commissioned. Source: FE coming years. Source: BNEF EQ August 2017 35


State of the State Conclave: Indian coal sec- Top Chinese firm signs
tor handicapped by a scam worth Rs 25 lakh MoU with Adani group
crore, says Piyush Goyal to invest $300 mln
If Union Minister of State (Independent charge) for Power, Coal, New and Renew- Indian conglomerate Adani Group
able Energy Piyush Goyal is to be believed, Indian coal sector is handicapped by a has signed an Memorandum of
scam worth Rs 25 lakh crore. Understanding (MoU) with East Hope
Group, one of Chinas largest private
companies, to invest $300 million in a
Forty per cent of our thermal power capac- manufacturing unit of an Indian port.
ity is dependent on imported coal because
the plants are designed that way. They
cannot run on Indian coal, though India is The memorandum of under-
the third largest coal producing country. standing (MoU) signed be-
This is costing India Rs 25 lakh crore a year. tween Adani and East Hope
This is big scam, Power Minister Piyush Group proposes to set up
Goyal said at the India Todays Groups manufacturing units in Mun-
State of the State Conclave held in Jaipur dra special economic zone in
today. The Conclave is a signature India Gujarat to produce solar power
Today event where a special report on vari- generation equipment, chemi-
ous growth indicators of a particular state cals, aluminium and animal
is released. All the districts in the state are feed, a statement by the Indian
ranked based on various parameters and Consulate in Shanghai said.


statement made by
the Indian Consul-
alking about Rajasthan, the ate in Shanghai
union minister praised the said that the MoU
Vasundhara Raje government proposes to set up
for its work in the power sector. manufacturing units
When Vasundhara Raje took in Mundra special
charge of the state in 2013, the economic zone
state was suffering an annual (SEZ) in Gujarat to produce solar
loss of Rs 15,000 crore in power power generation equipment,
sector. In barely three years, chemicals, aluminium and animal
she brought the loss down to feed. Furthermore, it will also put
Rs 5,200 crore. Im sure by next in place East Hope Groups engi-
year, the state will make profit neering and industrial intergration
and will make it to a case study chain to recycle and economise
by Harvard University, Goyal the product cost at Mundra SEZ.
During the day-long event, the President of Adani Ports
spread over 12 riveting and SEZ and President of East
The Union minister expressed sessions, 31 eminent speak-
hope that Rajasthans solar Hope Group (investment) signed
ers including Rajasthan the MoU in the presence of Consul
power potential may drive the
Chief Minister Vasundhara General, According to the state-
vehicles of future in the country.
Raje, Union Minister CR ment, the MoU is proposed to
He also justified high GST tax
rate on hybrid cars saying that
Chaudhary, industrialist convert into a definitive agree-
this has been done keeping in Anil Agarwal, Union Home ment within a period of 180 days
view of introducing electric cars Secretary Rajiv Mehrishi, and would cover areas of specific
in the country by 2030. Elaborat- former Union Minister CP cooperation outlined as per agree-
ing on Modi governments vision Joshi, educationists T.V. ment between the two sides.
for India on August 15, 2022 Mohandas and Man- As part of the proposed coop-
when India completes 75 years ish Sabharwal, Grammy eration between the two compa-
of independence, he said: award-winning musician nies, the estimated investment
Our vision is to see that Pandit Vishwamohan of more than US $300 million is
every citizen has roof on his Bhatt, actor Ila Arun and expected to be made by the East
head, 24-hour electricity, a fashion designer Raghav- Hope Group in India. East Hope
toilet at home, good road endra Rathore discussed is a Renminbi 70 billion Group
connectivity, quality educa- and debated about the and is one of the Chinas largest
tion and proper healthcare multi-dimensional growth corporate house having business
facilities. trajectory of Rajasthan. interests in aluminium, polysili-
Source : IT con, power and animal feed.
Source : PTI

36 EQ August 2017


Shri Piyush Goyal Launches Energy Conservation Building Code 2017

Adoption of ECBC could lead to 30%-50% energy savings by commercial buildings
Shri Piyush Goyal, Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal, New and Renewable Energy and Mines launched the Energy Con-
servation Building Code 2017 (ECBC 2017) here today. Developed by Ministry of Power and Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE),
ECBC 2017 prescribes the energy performance standards for new commercial buildings to be constructed across India.

pdated version of achieve a 50% reduction in energy use In his address ,
ECBC provides by 2030. This will translate to energy Shri Goyal, said,
current as well as savings of about 300 Billion Units by I would like to
futuristic advance- 2030 and peak demand reduction dedicate ECBC Code
ments in building of over 15 GW in a year. This will be 2017 to all the young
technology to fur- equivalent to expenditure savings of Rs children of India to
ther reduce building 35,000 crore and 250 million tonnes of the future of India for
energy consumption CO2 reduction. whose sake , it is incumbent
and promote low-carbon growth. ECBC ECBC 2017 was developed by BEE on all of us to efficiently utilize every bit of
2017 sets parameters for builders, with technical support from United resource , ensure implement such progres-
designers and architects to integrate re- States Agency for International Devel- sive and forward looking programmes of
newable energy sources in building de- opment (USAID) under the U.S.-India Government very diligently and ensure
sign with the inclusion of passive design bilateral Partnership to Advance Clean that we will leave behind for next genera-
strategies. The code aims to optimise Energy Deployment Technical Assis- tion a better world then what we inherited
energy savings with the comfort levels tance (PACE-D TA) Program. .
for occupants, and prefers life-cycle
The launch event was attended
cost effectiveness to achieve energy
by senior officers of Ministries, State
neutrality in commercial buildings.
Governments, technical bodies, public
Shri Pradeep
In order for a building to be consid- utilities, multilateral agencies, interna- Kumar Pujari,
ered ECBC-compliant, it would need to tional funding bodies, academicians and Secretary, Power,
demonstrate minimum energy savings industry experts and consultants from stated that ECBC 2017
of 25%. Additional improvements in en- across the building, infrastructure, real will give clear direction
ergy efficiency performance would en- estate, energy and construction sectors. and have criteria for new
able the new buildings to achieve higher The event also featured a video on the buildings to be Super ECBC:
grades like ECBC Plus or Super ECBC ECBC, as well as a technical session The new code reflects current and futur-
status leading to further energy savings that highlighted the salient features of istic advancements in building technology,
of 35% and 50%, respectively. ECBC 2017, international best practices market changes, and energy demand sce-
With the adoption of ECBC 2017 for in the building sector, as well as the nario of the country, setting the bench-
new commercial building construction presentation of case studies on energy mark for Indian buildings to be amongst
throughout the country, it is estimated to efficient buildings. some of the most efficient globally.
Source : EQ August 2017 37


Sterling and Wilson Scales New

Heights; Gets Awarded the Worlds
Largest Solar PV Plant
Sterling and Wilson, one of the dominant global forces in the
solar-PV space, has bagged Turnkey Engineering Procurement and
Construction along with Operation & Maintenance contract for
the worlds largest single location solar PV plant in Sweihan,
Emirates of Abu Dhabi. The project will deliver a capacity of 1177
MWp, easily surpassing the current largest 850 MWp single loca-
tion plant in China.

ith construction already underway,
the prodigious plant, which is spread
over a desert area of 7.8 sq. km, is
scheduled to be fully integrated with
the grid in a record timeline of just 23
months. To top it all, the project was
awarded at the lowest ever recorded
bid in the history of PV solar.
The plant is jointly developed by
Marubeni, a Japanese integrated
We are fully geared and very excited to be a
trading and investment giant, along
with Jinko, a global leader in the
part of this important milestone in the global
solar industry, and Abu Dhabi Water solar market, said Bikesh Ogra, President
and Electricity Authority (ADWEA). Renewable Energy, Sterling and Wilson.
The consortium has successfully
bid a tariff of USD 2.42 cents per Owing to the favorable government
kilowatt hour, marking the lowest policies, India is now the 3rd largest market
cost ever for solar power. This is a for solar in the world, allowing Sterling and
positive demonstration of the promis- Wilson the opportunity to become the lead-
ing future of clean energy, reducing ing solar EPC in the country. The company
the dominance of fossil-fuel-backed
power plants. The prestigious project
has created a global brand and has now
will play a major role in the Emirates grown to be the worlds largest solar EPC
of Abu Dhabi achieving its aim of player outside USA and China.
sustainability and energy diversifica- Laying emphasis on the need to be com-
tion, through the use of clean energy/ petitive, he further added, The strongest
low carbon growth in accordance contributor to this tariff is the capital ex-
with the worlds vision of long-term pense driven by lower equipment cost and a
environmental stewardship.
highly efficient system design. Our unique
The plant, once commissioned, design offerings and state-of-the-art robot-
would save around 7 million tonnes
of carbon emissions every year, a
ics optimizes the yield and performance of
number that would be a national the plant.
landmark. To put it in perspec-
tive, 1177 MWp can power around
195,000 homes, thus contributing to As the acceleration of growth in the energy sec-
the welfare of the current as well as tor has increased worldwide, Sterling and Wilson
the future generations of the people has ventured into the wind and energy storage
of the UAE. sectors, covering the entire canvas in the renew-
able sector. Backed by its robust resources in
Sterling and Wilson also has to
project management, project implementation and
its credit 1400 MW of best perform-
project engineering, with projects completed in
ing solar power plants in various
the Philippines and South Africa, and a number
geographies with a powerhouse of
of projects in Zambia, Niger and Morocco under
more than 3000 qualified engineers,
construction, the company is fully geared to
project managers and designers.
deliver more than 3000 MW every year.

38 EQ August 2017


Indias thermal plants may become

economically unviable
Indias ultra thermal plants, designed to run on foreign coal,
may no longer afford to do so economically in the future, says
a top financial analyst with a leading US-based institute.

Both are no longer com-

petitive owing to nearly
doubled price rise of coal
from Indonesia since their
planning and incapability
to hike tariffs, says Tim
Buckley, Director of Energy
Finance Studies Austral-
asia with the Institute for
Energy Economics and
Financial Analysis (IEEFA).

an be seen in the Adani Power has approached
case of Indias two state-run Gujarat Urja Vikas Nigam
largest thermal power (GUVNL) to bail out its Mundra plant.
projects in Gujarats According to reports, one option for For India, tapping
port town of Mundra
Adani PowerBSE
GUVNL is to take a majority stake in
the plant post a write-down of equity. renewable energy
-1.83 %s 4.6 GW and Likewise, Tata Power has written to sources is a great
Tata PowerBSE -1.27 the central government proposing
%s 4 GW plants. to sell 51 per cent equity of its ailing opportunity,
Adanis Mundra plant has previ- asset for a nominal fee of Re 1, citing
ously been disclosed to be operat- challenges faced by the company The move away from
ing with 100 per cent imported coal since Indonesian coal prices dou- thermal fuel imports
from Indonesia while Adani Power bled. According to Buckley, a written- improves the balance of
has been operating at a net loss, and down plant can be reconfigured to payments, helps improve
has been doing so for the last seven be viable, particularly if cheap ($20/ the currency and hence
years, Buckley told IANS in an email tonne) domestic coal can be pro- reduces imported inflation
interview. The Mundra plant is by far cured in proximity to the plant without generally, Buckley added.
Adani Powers largest and is the in- exorbitant rail freight costs. An IEEFA report titled
tended destination for the majority of However, a key requirement is NTPC as a Force in Indias
its thermal coal imports from the Car- that blending in low energy and high Electricity Transition
michael proposal in Australia under ash Indian coal requires high qual- showcases how the Indian
Adanis pit to plug strategy. After an ity existing Australian thermal coal government is shifting
adverse Supreme Court ruling disal- which is high energy BSE -4.21 % rapidly towards a low-
lowing any tariff revision to compen- and low ash. But coal from Carmi- carbon economy a step
sate for higher cost of imported coal, chael would be low energy and high towards achieving the 2015
Adani Power discontinued 1,250 MW ash and far from ideal for blending Paris Climate Agreement
of power supply from Mundra due to with cheap domestic Indian coal, he aim of cutting greenhouse
unviability of running these units on said. Commenting on Energy Minister gases from burning fossil
imported coal. Piyush Goyals recent assertions that fuels. Indias draft Ten
These plants will curtail produc- India would need to keep importing Year Electricity Plan calls
tion rather than lose money with coal, including from the proposed
for a staggering 275 GW
every unit of production. It is a likely Carmichael mine, The strategic aim
to cease non-coast power plant us-
of renewable energy by
conclusion that a $1-2 billion write 2027, in addition to 72 GW
down of Adani Powers $5bn plant age of imported thermal coal within
the next two to three years means of hydro and 15 GW of
is on the cards. As it stands, this nuclear energy.
plant is a clear stranded asset, said domestic operators will need to re-
Buckley. configure their plants so that they can
use domestic coal. EQ August 2017 39


Electric Vehicle Outlook2017

NEFs annual long-term forecast of
global electric vehicle (EV) adop-
tion to 2040 is out. It forecasts pas-
senger EV sales out to 2040 and
the impact that electrification will
have on automotive and power
markets, as well as on fossil fuel
displacement and demand for
key materials.

The EV revolution is going to hit the

car market even harder and faster
than BNEF predicted a year ago. EVs
are on track to accelerate to 54%
of new car sales by 2040. Tumbling
battery prices mean that EVs will
have lower lifetime costs, and will
be cheaper to buy, than internal
combustion engine (ICE) cars in most
countries by 2025-29.

40 EQ August 2017


Clean energy investment 2Q 2017 gures

The second quarter of 2017 saw
$64.8 billion invested in clean
energy around the world, up 21%
from 1Q this year, but down 12%
compared to 2Q 2016. The fi-
nancing of two huge photovoltaic
projects in the United Arab Emirates
helped to drive a recovery in global
clean energy investment, the high-
est for any quarter since 2Q 2016.
Other highlights of the data include
bounce-backs in investment in the
April-to-June quarter in China and
the U.S., and sharply increased
funding for projects in Mexico, Aus-
tralia and Sweden.

U.S. utilities offer multiple electric car charging rates

Major U.S. utilities such as PG&E,
DTE Energy and Consolidated
Edison now offer special electric
vehicle charging tariffs. Designed
to shift demand to off-peak hours,
these tariffs offer steep discounts to
consumers who charge their EVs at
night. However, if solar PV deploy-
ment continues to rise, daytime
power prices will fall and off-peak
times will shift. This would make
it more difficult for home charging
tariffs to line up with off-peak times.
The utilities, which are just begin-
ning to experiment with EV grid
services, will need more pilot pro-
grams to determine the true costs
and benefits of boosting off-peak EV

An integrated perspective on the future of mobility

Mobility is the lifeblood of
our cities and essential for
urban life. What, then, will be
the future of urban mobility?
This report, co-produced
by Bloomberg New Energy
Finance and McKinsey &
Company, seeks to answer
that question. To do so, it
explores how a number of
existing social, economic,
and technological trends
will work together to disrupt
mobility at the local level. EQ August 2017 41


In Exclusive Talk
With Mr.Pratyush
Kumar Thakur
EQ: Please describe in brief about your
PT : Statkraft BLP Solar Solutions Private Ltd
(SBSS) is a joint venture between Statkraft and
Bharat Light and Power(BLP). Statkraft BLP
Solar Solutions Private Ltd (SBSS) was founded
in 2015 to provide solar solutions to Commercial
& Industrial customers in India. Statkraft is 100%
owned by the government of Norway and traces
its roots back as far as 1895. Today, Statkraft is
a leading company in hydropower internationally
and Europes largest generator of renewable
energy. It owns over 18 GW of power assets, out
of which it owns 300 MW of hydro assets in India.
Bharat Light & Power (BLP) is one of the leading
renewable developers in India and owns 180
MW of wind assets.We have commissioned a
5MWp ground mounted solar plant in Pavagada,
Karnataka and several rooftop projects in
Gurgaon, Pune & Rajasthan.

We, as an organization, are committed

Chief Operating Officer towards
Statkraft BLP Operating sustainably and developing its
business in a way that adds value to countries
and local communities in which we are
Supporting a precautionary approach to
environmental challenges and undertaking
initiatives to promote greater environmental
Working actively for an injury-free and healthy
working environment and promoting an open
and proactive health and safety culture.
Having high standards of ethical conduct in
every activity we undertake.

42 EQ August 2017


EQ: What is the impact of RUMS/ government regulations. & lower LCOE in the times to come. The
SECI/Bhadla/NTPC Bid on past Though the market has only seen introduction of diamond wire sawing in
projects and upcoming tenders? increased efficiency without reduction 2016 is expected to lead a significant
PT : The RUMS and Bhadla Solar in quality over the past few years and improvement in terms of wafering
Park bids have witnessed an all-time hopefully the value chain will progress process cost reductions.
low tariff mark of below INR 3, which to do the same, the falling solar module Module technology is focusing more on
is still looked at as an unviable price prices have created a cut-throat increasing performance by reduction
by a fair number of players in the Solar competition for the manufacturers, which of optical losses and reducing material
Industry. The SECI wind tender also may in the future pose a threat to the costs by reducing material thickness,
has set a record of being the lowest bid quality of the solar modules. waste of material & replacing expensive
in wind till date. These bids have cast The reduction in prices is also favoring materials. Bifacial modules, smart
a shadow of uncertainty over certain the shift of renewable energy from junction-box technologies are anticipated
projects allocated under past tenders, alternative energy to mainstream energy to improve the power output of PV
as some states have delayed the signing or preferred energy, helping young solar systems. There is an increasing share
of PPAs which have prices higher than industry fuel economic growth, create of mono-crystalline modules and
the bids at RUMS. With the surplus new employment opportunities, enhance PERC/PERT technologies which are
of solar modules in the market, the human welfare and contribute to a observed to have increased efficiency
offtakers have been heard of negotiating climate-safe future. by 1%. Increased number of bus-bars
further reduction on tariffs that have on modules have also become the new
been confirmed through competitive EQ: What are the trends in trend.
bidding. This delay in approval of PPAs Module prices for Q3, Q4 of We have recently commissioned a
does not bode well for the investors 2017 & 2018 onwards? rooftop project with top quality bifacial
confidence. Also, these tariffs if looked PT : An oversupply of PV module modules in Gurgaon and are working
at as benchmark,may also pressurize manufacturing in China in the second towards more projects using this
the EPC industry and other vendors by half of 2016 along with overseas solar technology. We are keen to implement
introducing a disruptive competition into projects delay has led to a significant technologies and carry out value
the industry. lowering of solar module prices in Q1 engineering in the design to bring down
& Q2 of 2017 in India. A good pipeline the LCOE to allow us to offer more
EQ: How has recent Solar & for the supply of solar panels has competitive prices to our customers.
Wind Tender Bid changed the already been built, which may equalize
dynamics for Solar & Wind global supply and demand, leading to EQ: Whats your view on the
Projects in India? What are the stabilization of prices in Q3 and Q4. Government of India target of
challenges, threats and new However, the cost and tariff trends 100GW Solar by 2022 and what
opportunities you see emerging cannot be predicted accurately since the are your plans?
now? reduction of costs has been based on PT : The high, but noble ambition of
PT : Wind & solar power are now the global oversupply, without a forward 100 GW solar by 2022 may be difficult
competitive with conventional sources reference to raw materials being used. to achieve but is certainly a step in
of electricity as their costs have been The 5% GST being levied on solar the right direction. It is not an easy
plunging in recent bids. The proposed panels, in comparison to the erstwhile task, and hence, to achieve this target
tax rate of 0% may negate the impact of India needs a more focused approach
tariffs are based on the historical trend
reduction in module price, if any, in the towards alternative investments beyond
of drop in prices of solar PV modules
short term. We believe that in the long- the banking system and favorable land
& wind turbines, which has been 80%
acquisition policies.
and 30-40% respectively since 2009. term LCOE of projects shall be improved
Standing at 12.5 GW solar power
Furthermore, solar module costs have with efficiency increase in the modules
as of April 2017, India will need to add
fallen down by 26% in 2016 alone and are even at broadly same price levels. 17.5 GW at an average every year to
expected to fall down further. reach the 100 GW target, which is above
Though this kind of aggressive bidding EQ: What are the expectations three times the solar capacity of 5.5 GW
in not new to India, the viability of these from Tech Suppliers like Modules, added in 2016 17, which has been the
dramatic price reductions in Solar & Inverters, BOS, Trackers etc highest so far. Faster execution of PPAs
Wind Power needs to be assessed What is the tech solution you for bids at the scale of RUMS/Bhadla
yet especially after factoring in the thinking of deploying? Solar Park/NTPC and more of such
implementation of GST, the cease of Tax PT : India solar market, in addition to initiatives NTPC/ BEL and other states
relaxation for infrastructure projects under cost reduction, is also moving towards may significantly contribute towards
80IA, eligibility for generation based the value enhancement. We foresee high achieving the Target of 100 GW solar
incentives & several other upcoming inclination towards increased efficiency by 2022. EQ August 2017 43


While scalability on the utility scale on and understand is that to retain the across India, which will strengthen our
projects is not a huge challenge, viability and sustainability of ones own rooftop portfolio further. We are also
rooftop target of 40GW seems almost business, an organization needs to working on a quite large project in the
impossible to achieve. This is especially leverage its own strengths and USP, and state of Karnataka, owing to the expiry
due to a lack of feed-in tariff and intense not be carried away by such numbers. of favorable solar policy for open access
competition among the developers to get
Finance again, may not be a generalized projects in March 2018.
the first-movers advantage
At SBSS, as solar project developers, we
challenge. With companies like us, which EQ: What are the expected EQ:
are focused on continuing to strengthen already have a reliable capital base, generation from these projects
our presence in both large scale financial closure does not act as a major in terms of kwh per DC or AC
utility projects and rooftop segments. obstacle in the project path. Finance capacity.
To contribute towards Indias goal of will be a critical factor for organization PT : Our 5MWp ground mount solar
reaching 100 GW solar by 2022 we dependent on external investment such plant in Karnataka has an expected
will be investing & developing not only as bank loans. Solar power plants are generation of 15.5 lakh units per annum
our own projects but we will also be land dependent projects and require per megawatt peak. However, our
participating in tenders. Our business non-agricultural land/waste land, and the solar plant overall generation has been
plan is also in line with this ambitious revenue records do not have data of the higher than expected due to careful
goal of India and growth potential in solar most of the rural lands, which is a huge selection of components, quality of
industry in India. challenge. Apart from land acquisition, execution &optimization of operations.
EQ: Kindly highlight your risks due to transmission uncertainties, In Delhi and neighbouring areas, the
strengths and USP which delayed payments, and curtailment actual generation may be lower than
give your company a distinct of renewable power along with weak design generation due to local weather
advantage as compared to your enforcements of renewable purchase conditions like excessive rainfall or cloud
competitors. obligations remain challenge areas. cover and environmental conditions like
more pollution in the air respectively. In
PT : We provide unique solutions to EQ: What kind of mounting rooftop projects, the generation from the
our clients. Each energy solution is would you adapt - fixed or tilt project depends on the orientation of the
specifically designed by experts to of seasonal tilt etc., in tracking? roof, absence or presence of clutter and
meet the customers need by taking What are your views on the the shade being cast by external objects
every detail into account right from the technology available, its cost- such as trees, overhead tanks, turbo
planning and design phase of the solar benefit analysis, O&M, learning vents, chimneys etc.
installation. A reliable capital base of
the parent companies i.e., Statkraft and EQ: Can you please enlighten
PT : For our first few projects, we
BLP ensures no delays due to financial us on the way you implement
have implemented fixed tilt systems.
closure in commissioning of the solar a project and what specific
This was done based on a low risk
installations. Customers are ensured of or unique things are followed
low return principle. While tracking
enjoying free and clean energy without which makes you different
systems are expected to increase the
burning a hole in their pocket. from other developers. What
CUF of a project, the purchase cost and
We are a one-stop-shop for our are the unique parameters
increased O&M costs on such mounting
customers which typically are which differentiates projects
may offset the revenue gain. Also as the
commercial and industrial companies. developed by your company?
solar market is expanding, the projects
We not only provide in-campus and PT : Our unique differentiating factors are
are being developed on sites which are
open-access based solar solutions, with our focus on the safety of all occupants
less than ideal those with steep slopes
Zero Investment from the consumer, but during the construction and operational
or rolling terrain, irregular boundaries or
also provide multiple options on buying phase of the project. Our obsessive focus
obstructions, on which fixed tilt is more
power through our trading company on safety also enables us to carry out
advantageous. Hence, we generally go
which includes brown power, renewable the best design and loss of operational
with fixed tilt, as it optimizes the cost as
power, internationally accepted hours due to safety incidents. We are also
well as the requirement of the structure.
renewable energy certificates etc. quite detailed oriented while selecting
We would certainly carry out one of
the projects in future using a tracking components. We have already developed
EQ: Comment on Various our standard technical conditions for all
system to test out the technologies and
challenges such as Aggressive major components and go into significant
gain learnings about the system.
bidding, Land, Finance, detail beyond the module make at the
Grid Connection, PPA, Forex time of purcase. We also are quite keen
Fluctuation, Pricing & Tech EQ: What pipeline of projects
do you currently own, kindly on adopting new technologies like bifacial
Trends, and Payments risks. panels, flexible panels and have already
PT : Every organization must have specify the size of the project,
its location, tariff, scheme, developed such projects. We work with
done a due diligence of their strengths our EPC partners to value engineer
to deliver the projects on the numbers timeline of completion, its
viability the design and execution of projects to
they have calculated and bid on. So, optimise the commercial value without
whether the bid is aggressive or not may PT : A 5MWp ground mounted project
is currently under execution in Chennai. compromising at all on the quality of
differ from organization to organization. sytem and safe operations.
However, what we may need to focus We also have several rooftop projects

44 EQ August 2017

50% Discount

On Subscription of EQ Magazine in Printed Copy Delivered to Your Doorstep

One Year 12 Editions + 1 EQ Solar Map of India Current Price Rs.2400 Discount 10%

Two Years 24 Editions + 2 EQ Solar Map of India Current Price Rs.4800 Discount 20%

Three Years 36 Editions + 3 EQ Solar Map of India Current Price Rs.7200 Discount 30%

Four Years 48 Editions + 4 EQ Solar Map of India Current Price Rs.9600 Discount 40%

Five Years 60 Editions + 5 EQ Solar Map of India Current Price Rs.12000 Discount 50%

Offer is for Limited Time and Bank Account Details for Cheques/Demand Draft
Limited Number of Subscriptions Direct Payment/Deposit can be couriered to the
on First Come First Serve Basis. following address
Beneficiary First Source Energy India Pvt Ltd
Address : 95C Sampat Farms,
HURRY...SUBSCRIBE NOW. Bank Name Bank Of India
Bank Address At - Bicholi Mardana Branch,
Village Barda, Post Ali,
Indore-452001 (M.P) NDIA
7th Cross Road, Bicholi Mardana,
Indore 452 016 (M.P.) India
Subscription Price Includes Account No. 882920110000386
Shipping in India. IFSC Code BKID0008829
MICR Code 452013002 Online Payment by Cred-
Payment Can be it/Debit Card at
Beneficiary First Source Energy India Pvt Ltd
Done by PayTM Bank Name HDFC BANK
Bank Address Shop No.9,10,11, Shehnai 2, Kana
dia Road, Indore-452016 (M.P)
Account No. 50200011285202
+91 986244496 IFSC Code HDFC0001772
MICR Code 452240008 EQ August 2017 45


In Exclusive Talk With

Sungrow -Vice President
Mr.William Zhou
EQ: The recent aggressive bidding by various
developers keeping Solar Tariffs in the price
range of Rs.2.44 3.3per kWh in various
Solar TendersWhats your view on the
viability, Costs & timeline pressures, Resource
Challenges (Materials, ManPower, Execution,
Grid Connection, Land Possession) etc
WZ: Low prices, high reliability and high efficiency is
the requirement of todays solar industry. Typically, we
witnessed 3-4% increase in efficiency and 3-4% reduction
cost. So, we could expect the solar tarrifs may continue
to go down by 5-8% year-on-year. The cost of production
may continue to come down. Bigger factories and lower
cost of manufacturing will ultimately lead to reduction
in tarrifs over the next few years, but also keeping
sustainability, reliability and efficiency in mind.

EQ: Kindly enlighten our readers on the

performance of your Inverters in India in
various geographic locations, customer
WZ: Sungrows high efficiency inverters known for its
design engineering, quality & reliability have been widely
accepted by Indian market. 2016 has been a great year
for us, in terms of acceptance from most of the leading
IPP & EPC companies which has enabled us to achieve
an order booking of 1.3 GW,1000 V container solution and
70 MW ,1500 V indoor central inverters. These orders
EQ: How much Inverters have you compliment the installed capacity of 200MW in India.
supplied to India till now, what is the
target/expectation in 2017-18 EQ: Please describe in brief about your
WZ : Over 1GW has supplied to India. Over 2GW will company, directors, promoters, investors, its
be supplied to India in 2017. vision & mission
WZ : Sungrow is aglobal leading PVinverter system
EQ: Present some noteworthy projects, solution supplier with over 31GW installed worldwide as of
case studies of solar plants built using December 2016.Founded in 1997 by University Professor
your solar Inverters Renxian Cao, Sungrow is a global leader in research and
WZ : Indian market have been very favorable and development in solar inverters, with numerous patents
great support & cooperation have been received and a broad product portfolio offering PV inverter systems
by Sungrow for its products. We signed 1.3 GW by as well as energy storage systems for utility-scale,
September 2016 and will finishing 1GW on ground by commercial, and residential applications. With a 20-year
June 2017, with big solar players like Renew Power, track record of growth and success, Sungrows products
ACME, Mytrah Energy, Tata Power, Sterling & Wilson, are available in over 50 countries, maintaining a market
Harsha Abakus, Hero Clean Solar, etc. share of around 25% in Germany and 10% globally.

46 EQ August 2017


EQ: What is the size of fast-growing Indian market. SG1000, by SG2500HV & SG3000HV(2.5 MW & 3
your company in terms of SG 2000 & SG2500 (1 MW, 2 MW & MW) Containerized solutions.
manufacturing capacities, 2.5 MW respectively) are our offerings
growth chart, future expansion for 1000 V outdoor central inverters EQ: Explain various
plans, revenues, shipments, solutions. The future demand for 1500 guarantees, warrantees,
ASPs, financial figures. V range of central inverters are catered insurance, certifications, test
by SG1250HV, SG1500HV (1.25 & results, performance report of
WZ : Sungrow factory takes an area of
1.5 MW indoor inverters) backed by your inverters.
93,936 m2 and has an annually capacity
SG2500HV & SG3000HV(2.5 MW & 3 WZ : Sungrows products are certified
of 18 GW PV inverters, A new PV
MW) Containerised solutions.
inverter factory taking an area of 188,717 for applications worldwide. The com
SG33KTL, SG50KTL & SG60KTL are
m2 is under construction which will lift pany has invested its own in-house
being promoted in the string inverter
the annual production capacity to 36 testing center approved by UL, CSA,
arena. All the offered products in
GW within one year. Sungrow is a global India boosts a maximum efficiency of TV Rheinland, and TV SD.
leading PV inverter system solution 99% making it complementing to its
supplier with over 31GW installed engineering & reliability EQ: Kindly highlight your
worldwide as of December 2016. product, technology & company
USPs, distinctive advantages
EQ: What are your plans for etc
India, your view on the GOI WZ : Founded in 1997 by University
target of 100GW Solar Power by Professor Renxian Cao, Sungrow
2022 is a global leader in research and
WZ : India is one of the key focus for development in solar inverters, with
the whole world and Sungrow as well. numerous patents and a broad product
And being one of the top 3 brands in portfolio offering PV inverter systems
solar inverter industry with appreciable for utility-scale, commercial, and
response from customerswe will be residential applications. With a 20-year
finishing 3GW orders by 2017. Also, track record of growth and success,
the present solar industry is such Sungrow possesses a dynamic R&D
that the prices are going down and team which accounts for over 35% of
customers are seeking more reliablility, the companys total workforce. The
Sungrow will be able to fulfill with the company has also invested its own in-
requirements and when we talk about house testing center approved by UL,
GOi target of 100GW by 2022, Sungrow CSA, TV Rheinland, and TV SD.
will be sharing 30-35%. In 2016, Sungrow has unveiled the
worlds highest output string inverter
EQ: What are your plans for rated at 125kW (1500Vdc) and
Manufacturing set up in India, EQ: How much is your R&D became the first PV inverter supplier
the opportunities and challenges budget as % of your sales / that provides both central and string
in manufacturing in India profits inverters rated at 1500Vdc.
WZ : India is a growing market and WZ : Over 4.3% of R&D/Revenue ratio
world is focusing over it for investments. in 2016. EQ: Whats your commitment
Sungrow India also have some ideas towards the solar sector in
to setup the manufacturing units. EQ: What are the top 5 markets India
Even a Sungrow team from china has for your company in the past, WZ : India is one of the most
visited India in the same regards and present and future focused markets for Sungrow in
explored some regions. Also, GST WZ : China, APAC (excl. China and the world. Sungrow India currently
implementation will be playing a role India), EMEA, India and NA are top has its sales team operating from
for the same, so we are keeping an markets for Sungrow Bangalore, Gurgaon& Mumbai,
eye over GST implementation and backed by a well experienced
manufacturing units setup plans will be EQ: Technology road map technical support team. A very
taken care accordingly. in terms of 1500V , micro strong, well structured & established
inverters, upcoming game service team with PAN India
EQ: Briefly describe the various changes technologies. presence ensures the dependency
technologies and its suitable WZ : In 2016, Sungrow has unveiled the and our sustainable growth in India.
applications such as Central worlds highest output string inverter
Inverter, String, Micro Inverter, rated at 125kW (1500Vdc) and became EQ: What will be the cost,
1500V, Outdoor, Container the first PV inverter supplier that provides technology trends in solar
solutions etc.. both central and string inverters rated inverters
WZ : Sungrow offers a wide range at 1500Vdc. Featured 1500Vdc central WZ : The cost will continue to decrease
of products which include central inverters are SG1250HV, SG1500HV and there is a trend of transferring to
inverter/ container solutions for 1000V (1.25 & 1.5 MW indoor inverters) backed 1500Vdc technology.
& 1500 V and string inverters for the EQ August 2017 47



Pathways to Integrate
175 Gigawatts of
Renewable Energy into
Indias Electric Grid
The use of renewable energy (RE) sources, primarily wind and solar generation, is poised to
grow significantly within the Indian power system. The Government of India has established
a target of 175 gigawatts (GW) of installed RE capacity by 2022, including 60 GW of wind
and 100 GW of solar, up from 29 GW wind and 9 GW solar at the beginning of 2017. Thanks
to advanced weather and power system modeling made for this project, the study team is
able to explore operational impacts of meeting Indias RE targets and identify actions that

may be favorable for integration.

ur primary tool is a detailed production cost model, which simu-

lates optimal scheduling and dispatch of available generation in a
future year (2022) by minimizing total production costs subject to
physical, operational, and market constraints.
We use this model to identify how the India power system is
balanced every 15 minutes, the same dispatch interval used by
power system operators. The results can be used to inform policy
and regulatory decisions that support system flexibility and RE

KEY FINDINGS: How India's Power System Could Operate

with 100 GW Solar and 60 GW Wind
Power system balancing with 100 GW
of solar and 60 GW of wind is achiev-
able at 15-minute operational time
Changes to operational practice
scales with minimal RE curtailment.
can reduce the cost of operating
the power system and reduce RE
This RE capacity generates 370
curtailment, but are not essential
terawatt hours (TWh) annually, a 22%
for 160 GW RE integration.
share of total electricity consumption in
Scheduling and dispatch that is optimized at
India, reaching a nationwide instanta-
the regional, rather than state level can sup-
neous peak of 54%. Annual RE cur-
port more efficient operations of thermal
tailment (assuming sufficient in-state
plants and reduce annual operating costs
transmission) is 1.4%, consistent with
by 2.8%, or INR 6300 crore1 (approxi-
experiences in other countries with this
mately USD 980 million).2 In addition to
level of RE penetration.
improving access to least-cost generation,
coordination between states helps reduce
Fuel requirements for coal and gas
the number of coal plants at part load,
fall 20% and 32%, respectively, and
providing greater operational range to the
CO2 emissions fall 21% (280 million
remaining committed coal plants to lower
tonnes) in 100S-60W compared to a
generation output when RE generation is
No New RE scenario.
high. National coordination provides even
further cost savings (3.5% savings) and
As a result, plant load factors for coal
reduced RE curtailment (to 0.9%).
drop from 63% to 50% with nearly 20
GW that is never economical to start.

48 EQ August 2017


Reducing minimum generation levels of large

thermal plants is the biggest driver to reducing RE
curtailment. Changing minimum generation levels of all RA copper plate sensitivity delivers 4.7% savings and
coal plants, from 70% today to 55% of rated capacity (con- 0.13% RE curtailment.
sistent with the CERC regulations) reduces RE curtailment Our copper plate represents a transmission system with
from 3.5% to 1.4% and annual operating cost by 0.9%, no constraints and operations with no barriers to schedul-
or INR 2000 crore. Reducing minimum generation levels ing. Though not a physically plausible scenario, this scenario
further, to 40%, reduces RE curtailment to 0.76%, with provides insights into the maximum achievable savings if all
negligible decreases to annual operating costs.3 If only transmission and market constraints could be relaxed. Such
centrally owned plants achieve 55% minimum generation a scenario reduces RE curtailment to 0.13% and production
levels but state-controlled plants maintain minimum gen- costs by 4.7%. In comparison, scheduling and dispatch opti-
eration levels of 70%, RE curtailment is 2.4%. mized at the regional level and with transmission constraints
delivers over half of these savings. Nationally coordinated
The peak systemwide 1-hour up-ramp increases 27% dispatch combined with an additional 25% interregional trans-
compared to a system with no new renewables, to al- mission capacity delivers 84% of the savings compared to the
most 32 GW up from 25 GW. This ramp rate can be met idealized copper plate.
if all generating stations exploit their inherent ramping
capability. Aggregated nationally, for 56 hours of the year, Batteries insignificantly impact emissions and total cost
system-wide up-ramps exceed 25 GW/hour, greater than of generation. Batteries do reduce curtailment (from 1.4% to
any ramp requirement in the No New RE scenario, and 1.1%); however, the value of this curtailment is offset by the
peak at almost 32 GW/hour. The current generation fleet batteries efficiency losses during operation. In the 100S-60W
is shown to successfully respond to these ramp events scenario, 2.5 GW of batteries (75% efficient) reduce RE
within our operating assumptions. We found no significant curtailment by 1.2 TWh annually but lose 2.0 TWh annually
change in either production cost or RE curtailment when due to inefficiencies. Also, there is insignificant impact on the
coal generation ramp rates were made less flexible in the total cost of generation because the overall generation mix
simulations, although this study assumes a similar load changes little. Batteries could be economically desirable for
shape for 2022 as prevailing today. A significant change in RE integration for grid services that are outside the scope
load shape could affect the net load ramp rate. Five-minute of the study (e.g., frequency regulation, capacity value, local
scheduling and dispatch has been demonstrated else- transmission congestion).
where to better handle ramping, if required at a later stage.
Retiring 46 GW of coal (20% of installed coal capacity)
does not adversely affect system flexibility, assuming
adequate in-state transmission. Retiring coal plants that
operate less than 15% of their capacity annually (205 genera-
tion units, totaling 46 GW in capacity) has almost no effect on
system operations.

Summary: Power system balancing with 100 GW

of solar and 60 GW of wind is achievable with
minimal integration challenges, bringing benefits
of reduced fuel consumption and emissions.
Meeting existing regulatory targets for coal
flexibility, enlarging geographic and electrical
balancing areas, expanding transmission in stra-
tegic locations, and planning for future flexibility
can enable efficient and reliable operation of the
power system now and in the future. EQ August 2017 49


KEY FINDINGS: Different Pathways to Meeting RE Targets; Looking Beyond 2022

Potential Planning and Policy Actions that Can

Support RE Integration
A wind-dominated system 1. Coordinate RE generation and operation of hydro and pumped hydro
achieves higher RE penetra- transmission at the state level to ensure depending upon system requirements.
tion rates and requires less sufficient in-state transmission.
thermal fleet flexibility. 7. Use the regulatory platform to require
2. Create regulatory or policy guidelines merit order dispatch based on produc-
Compared to the official RE to support institutionalization of cost- tion costs; supplementary software
targets, a scenario with more optimized capacity expansion plan- may be required to identify economic
wind (100 GW wind, 60 GW ning. Create and maintain a nationwide scheduling and dispatch that considers
solar), helps achieve a higher model that helps optimize generation the combined effects of conventional
annual RE penetration rate and transmission buildouts, which can and renewable variable costs, transmis-
(26% compared to 22%, due to then be used to inform investment deci- sion congestion and losses, among
winds higher capacity factors), sions and RE policies. other factors.
reduces CO2 emissions an ad- 3. Evaluate options for enhanced co- 8. Create model PPAs for RE that move
ditional 6.1%, and has less RE ordination of scheduling and dispatch away from must-run status and employ
curtailment, 1.0% compared to between states and regions. alternative approaches to limit financial
1.4%. Because of its relatively
4. Establish at central and state levels risks, such as annual caps on curtailed
less variable net load profile, the
comprehensive regulations regarding hours.
higher wind scenario creates
fewer conditions requiring ther- flexibility of conventional generators, 9. Achieving more ambitious RE levels
mal plant flexibility. including minimum generation levels, will benefit from detailed, model-based
ramp rates, and minimum up and down planning, including both capacity expan-
A 250 GW RE system could times. sion and production cost modeling.
achieve Indias Nationally De- 5. Develop a new tariff structure that Regulatory guidelines may be issued to
termined Contribution targets, moves away from focusing on energy make it mandatory for stakeholders to
but 16% annual RE curtail- delivery. Agreements can specify vari- provide data required to perform such
ment in the Southern region ous performance criteria, such as ramp- studies.
would likely signal the need ing, specified start-up or shut-down 10. Equip all states with latest and state-
for modified strategies. times, minimum generation levels, along of-the-art load forecasting facilities.
with notification times and performance In addition, equip RE-rich states with
To identify a more viable path- objectives that achieve flexibility goals. state-of-the-art RE forecasting tools.
way toward 250 GW, additional
6. Revise policy/regulatory-level guide- Further, build capacity of all system
studies can evaluate the trade-
lines to utilize the full capability of hydro operators in this regard so that in-house
off among increasing system
and pumped hydro stations. Suitable capability is developed to create and
flexibility versus locating more of
incentive mechanisms can encourage customize such tools in the future.
the RE capacity in other regions.

50 EQ August 2017


India Can Integrate 175 Gigawatts

of Renewable Energy into the
Electricity Grid, Reveals Study
Union Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal, New
& Renewable Energy, Shri Piyush Goyal released
the first part of the study Pathways to Integrate
Speaking at the launch,
175 Gigawatts of Renewable Energy into Indias Power Minister Piyush
Electricity Grid at an event organized. The Goyal said:
second volume, to be released in July, takes a
It is time for the people of
more in-depth look at system operations in the

India to get ready and
Western and Southern regions. embrace the change with a
he study, developed under the U.S.- New Mindset of a New Grid
India bilateral program Greening for a New India, which is ready to integrate large amount
the Grid, confirms the technical and of renewable energy. It is appropriate time following on
economic viability of integrating 175 Honorable Prime Ministers meeting with the U.S. President
gigawatts (GW) of renewable energy under a robust and focused U.S.-India Energy Partnership.
into Indias power grid by 2022, and The ministry is extremely appreciative of the continued
identifies future course of actions that engagement and support from USAID and congratulates
are favorable for such integration. The all the stakeholders including POSOCO, NREL, LBNL on the
Government of India in 2015 had set achievement of this outcome. Combined and collabora-
the ambitious target of adding 100 GW of solar energy tive efforts such as these are labour and data intensive
and 60 GW of wind energy into the countrys energy mix. and detailed and often go unsung but are critical to
The report resolves many questions about how Indias creating the backbone for a reliable grid.
electricity grid can manage the variability and uncertainty
of adding large amounts of renewable energy into the Highlighting the importance of the study and
grid. The results demonstrate that power system balanc-
U.S.-India collaboration on clean energy, Michael
ing with 100 GW solar and 60 GW wind is achievable at
Satin, Director of Clean Energy and Environment
15-minute operational timescales with minimal reduc-
at USAID/India, said: USAID has a long-standing
tion in renewable energy output. Indias current coal-
dominated power system has the inherent flexibility to collaboration with the Government of India in
accommodate the variability associated with the targeted the area of energy. Energy is a key determinant
renewable energy capacities. of growth and India needs sustainable energy
sources to continue to grow at 7-8 percent an-
Some of the key operational impacts that nually. Introducing renewable energy solutions into established
came out of the report were: energy systems often requires changes to well-established policy,
institutions, and market structures. This study will prove to be
(1) large-scale benefits of fuel savings and reduced emis- helpful in scaling up renewable energy in India effectively and
sions due to increased renewable energy production. sustainably.
(2) existing fast-ramping infrastructure is sufficient to
maintain grid balance. The results were based on a number of key assumptions including
transmission planning existing within each state but not necessarily on
(3) In post-175 GW clean energy scenario, coal plants
corridors between states; compliance of all coal plants with the Central
operating at part capacity will need suitable incentives for Electricity Regulatory Commission regulation that coal plants be able to
flexibility. The study also evaluates the value of strategies operate at 55 percent of rated capacity; and a better load forecast. Input
to better integrate renewable energy and demonstrates data, assumptions and study results were validated extensively by more
the importance of policy and market planning. than 150 technical experts from central agencies including the Central
A multi-institutional team from Indias Power System Electricity Authority, Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd. (PGCIL),
Operation Corporation (POSOCO) and the U.S. Depart- and NTPC; state institutions including grid operators, power system
ment of Energys National Renewable Energy Laboratory planners, renewable energy nodal agencies and distribution utilities; and
the private sector, including renewable energy developers, thermal plant
(NREL) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
operators, utilities, research institutions, market operators and industry
(LBNL) produced the report using advanced weather and
power system modeling, under the leadership of Ministry
of Power and the U.S. Agency for International Devel- Other Dignitaries present on the occasion were Shri P.K. Pujari,
opment (USAID) with co-sponsorship from the World Secretary Power, Shri R.K. Verma, CEA Chairman, Shri K.V.S. Baba,
Bank Energy Sector Management Assistance Program CEO, POSOCO, Shri I.S Jha, CMD PGCIL and other senior officers
(ESMAP) and the 21st Century Power Partnership. from Ministries of Power and MNRE.

Source: EQ August 2017 51


Gearing up for Expansion of Solar
and Wind Power in India

Article By Natural Resources Defense Council and Council on Energy, Environment and Water

Renewable energy job creation and skill development is one of

the Indian governments foremost objectives. However, credible The key findings of our 2017 analysis are:
information on the number of jobs that have been created so (1) Over 300,000 workers will be employed in the next 5
far, and those that can be created in future to achieve Indias years, to achieve Indias solar and wind energy targets,
renewable energy goal of 175 gigawatts (GW) by 2022, has

mostly in the rooftop solar sector.
been lacking.1
(2) A strong domestic solar module manufacturing industry
n an effort to fill this information gap, NRDC has the potential to provide employment for an additional
and CEEW conduct annual surveys of Indias 45,000 people in India.
solar and wind companies, developers, and
(3) Solar and wind energy employed more than 21,000
manufacturers to collect accurate, market-
people in India in 2016-2017, and are expected to employ
based information on jobs created, workforce
an estimated 25,000 people or more in the following year.
employed, and the skills required to achieve
Indias renewable energy goals. This analysis (4) Solar jobs will be well distributed across the country,
builds on our previous reports on clean ener- while wind jobs will be concentrated in a few states.
gy jobs in India. Our earlier analyses focused
on renewable energy job creation, short- (5) Rooftop solar is more labour-intensive than other re-
term and long-term. This report updates and newables, providing 24.72 job-years per megawatt (MW) in
translates those figures into actual full-time comparison to 3.45 job-years per MW for ground-mounted
employment and workforce requirements. solar and 1.27 job-years per MW for wind power.

National and state governments should promote reporting of employment generation from renewable
energy companies; provide a greater policy priority to rooftop solar to create renewable energy jobs;
support development of localized private sector-led training centres for solar construction jobs and wind
power training centres in the 8 states with wind targets; and, promote a strong domestic solar module
manufacturing industry to provide additional employment.

52 EQ August 2017


1. Introduction

M Estimating Renewable Jobs

ajor economies around the world, are expanding the
share of increasingly cost-competitive renewable energy
technolo- gies in their energy mix. These technologies and Skills Since 2014
generate critical energy for growth, add new jobs to the economy,

and provide livelihoods for millions. The International Renewable lthough common practice internationally,
Energy Agency estimates that renewable energy, excluding large companies in India do not always self-
hydropower, employed 8.3 million people globally, in 2016.2 report the number of jobs created with
Renewable energy job creation and skill development is one of each new solar or wind project. Our analyses
the Indian governments foremost objectives. However, credible in- strive to bridge this information gap. Every year
formation on the number of jobs that have been created so far, and since 2014, NRDC and CEEW have surveyed
those that can be created in the future to achieve Indias renewable solar and wind companies to estimate numbers
energy goal of 175 GW by 2022, has been lacking.3,4 of job created, identify skills required, and make
In an effort to fill this information gap, every year for the past policy recommendations that create conditions
three years, NRDC and CEEW have surveyed Indias solar and favourable for growth of clean energy in India.
wind companies, developers, and manufacturers to collect ac- cu- This report builds on our previous analyses
rate, market-based information on jobs created, workforce em- on job cre- ation, Clean Energy Powers Local
ployed, and the skills required to achieve Indias renewable energy Job Growth in India, and Filling the Skill Gap in
goals. Indias Clean Energy Market, with an enhanced
We have used market information to estimate the workforce that scope that includes solar rooftop developers
would be required in India at any given time to meet the 2017 and solar module manufacturing companies5.
2022 national goals for annual capacity addition of so- lar and wind Our previous research estimated that expand-
(160 GW), including ground-mounted and rooftop solar. We also ing solar and wind energy would add about 1
estimate the number of jobs created by solar module manufactur- million cumulative jobs for solar install- ers,
ing, as well as those that can be created if India meets its demand maintenance workers, engineers, technicians,
for solar modules domestically. and per- formance data monitors while address-
By estimating the employment impact from clean energy growth, ing growing energy demands and global climate
our analysis offers actionable information to support and strength- change.
en national and state-level policy and build sup- port for renewable
energy expansion in India.

2. Scope of Analysis: Direct Solar & Wind Project-Related Jobs

and Solar Manufacturing Jobs

mployment in any industry, including renewables, can tion companies, since those jobs may not be specific to the
be broadly classified in three categories: direct, indirect solar or wind sectors. For solar manufacturing, we have only
and induced. For this analysis, we estimate the direct considered module manufacturing jobs and not included other
jobs as well as portion of the indirect jobs (manufacturing) components such as inverters, cables and other balance
created from solar and wind projects in India. This analysis of system components in order to calculate jobs created on
does not include induced jobs and some of the indirect jobs, account the solar power sector. Specific examples defining
for example, those in the financing and banking sectors, or direct, indirect and induced jobs are described in the text box
those created for data analytics or meter readers in distribu- below.


Direct jobs, earnings, and Indirect jobs are the jobs associated with Induced jobs refer to the
output are the jobs associated the man- ufacturing of equipment and materi- jobs created due to the
with the design, development, als used for the facility, the supply chain that spend- ing of earnings by
management, construction/ provides raw materials and services to these persons directly and indi-
installation, and maintenance manufac- turers, and the finance and banking rectly employed by the proj-
of projects and project facili- sectors that provide services for the construc- ects (workers in the first two
ties. For example, in installing tion and operation of a facility. For example, cat- egories). For example,
a PV or large wind system, for a wind facility, this would include jobs at during the construction
the direct impacts include the wind turbine manufacturing plants and jobs phase of a facility, jobs are
jobs for specialty contrac- tors, at other manufacturing facilities that fabricate induced when the work-
construction workers, clean-up structural hardware, foundations, and electri- ers hired to in- stall a PV
crews, truck drivers, and other cal components for the wind facilitys systems. system spend their earnings
specialists hired to permit, It also includes the banker who fi- nances the to purchase food at grocery
design, and install the system. construction con- tractor, the accountant who stores and restaurants, pay
It also includes man- agement, keeps the contractors books, and the jobs at rent, and purchase clothes
business develop- ment and steel mills and other suppliers that provide the or other goods to meet their
support staff. necessary materials. needs. EQ August 2017 53


Tasks performed during the project lifecycle are classified as per the following phases of project deployment:
business development, design and pre-construction, construction and commissioning and operations and
maintenance, as de- scribed in figure 1.6 Each project development phase creates direct, indirect and induced

3. Methodology and Data Sample: Primary Market Surveys

Methodology Jobs vs. Workforce/Manpower: An Explainer

n our 2015 analysis, Clean Energy Powers Local Job Growth in India, we esti-
he study estimates work-
mated that scaling up grid-connect- ed solar and wind energy would add a cumu-
force required for deploy-
lative 1 million jobs for solar construction workers, installers, maintenance works,
ment of ground-mounted
engineers, technicians, and plant operators between 2015 and 2022. These jobs
and rooftop solar photovoltaic
include short-term jobs for business development, design and pre-commissioning,
projects, solar photovoltaic
and construction and commissioning, as well as long-term jobs for operation and
module manufacturing and wind
maintenance and performance monitor- ing.
projects in India. These esti-
Jobs created, however, is different from workforce needed. One worker can
mates represent direct employ-
perform more than one job because some of the jobs are short-term As a hypotheti-
ment in the respective sectors.
cal example, assume the country has an installed capacity of 5 GW that has been
The estimates are based on
deployed with a workforce of 1,500 people. In order to deploy an additional 15 GW
primary data collected from
in the following year, we would need those 1,500 people who have already been
multiple organisations engaging
trained to deploy 5 of 15 GW as well as an additional 3,000 people to deploy the
in project deployment activities.
remaining 10 GW. The workforce required, therefore, is only the new 3,000 people
This includes, solar module
that would need training. However, the jobs created totals 4,500 for the entire 15
and windmill manufacturers,
GW of deployment.
project developers, engineering,
In this analysis, we estimate the workforce required, i.e., number of workers
procurement and construction
needed to perform these 1 million jobs based on the planned capacity addition of
(EPC) companies and turnkey
grid-connected solar and wind energy between 2017 and 2022.
solution providers.

o determine solar and wind workforce numbers, we e used the data collected from the survey
developed a detailed survey questionnaire, aimed at to calculate the workforce numbers and
capturing key employ- ment information for each of the job-years per megawatt (MW) or the full time
four phases of ground-mount- ed solar, rooftop solar and wind equivalent (FTE) per MW. We calculated FTE per MW
project deployment. We devel- oped a second questionnaire numbers separately for each phase of solar and wind
focused on solar manufacturing to tabulate the number of jobs project deployment. We used these FTE numbers as
created in this sector. The survey questionnaires also capture coefficients to es- timate the total workforce expected
information related to employ- ment potential at organisation to be employed in the solar and wind energy project
level and distribution of skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled man- deployment process based on excess capacity to be
power in each stage of project deployment. added every year between now and 2022.

54 EQ August 2017


One-time vs. Full-time Employment

he first three phases of project deployment (i.e. busi-
ness development, design and pre-construction, as
well as con- struction and pre-commissioning) create
onetime jobs. For example, once the project is designed or
constructed, the employment generated from those functions
is terminated and the workforce employed for those func-
tions moves on to the next project. For the last phase of the
project (i.e. operations and maintenance), the employment
generated lasts for the lifetime of the project.
The full time equivalent (FTE) coefficient or job-year is
sim- ply a ratio of the time spent by an employee on a par-
ticular project/task in a given year to the standard total work-
ing hours in that particular year. The FTE formula translates
short-term or one-time employment into a full-time equivalent
or job-year. Therefore, all numbers in this report correspond
to full-time equivalent employment.

Survey Sample

he survey respondents included 37 solar companies, 8 solar
manufacturers, and 9 wind companies from the industry rep-
resenting the complete value chain of the project deployment
cycle, including contractors, power producers and turnkey solution
providers. The survey responses represent diversity in terms of
geographical distribution of respondents; small, mid and large-scale
companies based on number of employees and their portfolio of so-
lar and wind projects; individual project size; and consumer segment
to represent a good range from the entire spectrum of renewable
companies in India. Source: CEEW-NRDC Analysis


F Solar respondents are well distributed

or solar, both ground-mounted and rooftop, a total of 37
companies responded to the survey, with 60 percent of
the companies developing ground-mounted plants and 40 across India to capture the diversity
percent developing rooftop solar projects. The rooftop solar re- in employment generated based on
spon- dents represent those that develop residential, commercial, geographic location.
industrial and institutional projects.

Source: Source:
Analysis Analysis EQ August 2017 55


he solar respondents represent, small, mid and large- owever, the survey data for wind manufac-
scale companies, based on number of employees and turing companies is not as granular as that
operational solar capacity. For solar power, both ground- for solar companies. Because of the nature
mounted and rooftop, about 47 percent of the companies sur- of the wind industry, with many companies taking
veyed have between 100 to 250 employees representing a good on multiple functions, segregation by phase and
range of small to large companies. Of the respondents, about 40 job type to estimate job-years or FTE per MW
percent of the companies have deployed more than 200 MW of in the wind manufacturing industry is challeng-
solar capacity each and about 40 percent control capacities of ing and complex. Companies perform different
less than 50 MW. This highlights the participation of early stage tasks, both in terms of project deployment as well
companies in our survey. as component manufacturing. For example, it
becomes difficult to estimate job-years per MW
for a company that manufac- tures different wind
equipment in different quantities and also does
project deployment.


epresentatives of eight of Indias leading
solar module manufacturing compa-
nies, eight companies with cumulative
production of more than 1,500 MW, responded
to our surveys. Respondents include smaller
companies with a manufac- turing capacity of
about 5 MW per year as well as some of the
larger manufactures with upwards of 500 MW
of annual production capacity.

Respondents from the solar module manu-

facturing segment represents small, mid and
large-scale companies, based on annual pro-
Analysis duction capacity and total employee strength.



or wind, respondents represent close to 15,000 MW of
installed wind capacity about half the total installed
capac- ity in the country. Respondents reflect a fair
share of wind companies involved in different functions
throughout the entire lifecycle of a wind energy project, in-
cluding component manufacturers, power producers, install-
ers and turnkey solu- tions providers. Source: CEEW-NRDC Analysis

56 EQ August 2017


4. Analysis: Estimating Job-Years Per MW for Solar and

Wind Projects; and Solar Module Manufacturing

his section includes estimates of full-time equivalent (FTE) or job-year per
MW for each phase of ground-mounted solar, rooftop solar and wind project usiness development related
deployment from business development, design and pre-construction, con- activities create about 0.05
struction and commissioning as well as operations and maintenance. job-year per MW (FTE) from
Similarly, FTE or job-year per MW estimates are also calculated for solar PV ground-mounted solar PV plant in-
module manufacturing in India. stallations. Employment in this phase
primarily requires skilled manpower.

ccording to the analysis, rooftop solar projects create the maximum job- Some companies, however, also
years per MW: 24.72 job-years per MW. This sector is followed first by mentioned engaging semi-skilled
ground-mounted solar projects, which create around 3.45 job-years per manpower to facilitate land procure-
MW, and then by wind projects, which create 1.27 job-year per MW. Solar pho- ment and coordination with local
tovol- taic module manufacturing also creates employment of 2.60 job-years per organisations at the location of the
MW of modules manufactured. Employment generation potential in each phase of project.
solar and wind project deployment from business development to operations and

maintenance is discussed in the following sub sections. uring design and pre-con-
struction phase, about 0.20
job-years per MW are created
from ground-mounted solar PV plant
installations. About 60 percent of to-
tal manpower engaged in this phase
of project deployment are skilled.
About 30 percent are semi-skilled
and a small portion of manpower
(about 10 percent) is unskilled, as-
sociated primarily with site survey
and pre-feasibility related activities in
this phase.

he construction and pre-
commissioning phase creates
the maximum employment
for ground-mounted solar power,
generating 2.70 job-years per MW.
This also includes con- tract labour-
ers deployed for the construction of
entire plant. More than 50 percent of
the jobs created in construction and
pre-commissioning phase employ
unskilled manpower.

Source: CEEW-NRDC Analysis Source: CEEW-NRDC Analysis EQ August 2017 57



usiness development related activities in the bout 0.06 job-years per MW are created during the
rooftop solar sector creates more jobs than the business development phase of wind power projects.
same activities for the ground-mounted utility These jobs are primarily skilled in nature.
scale solar sector. Rooftop installation of a solar PV

project create about 1.53 job-years per MW. This rela- ind project design and pre-construction related
tively high job creation is primarily due to the small size activities cre- ate 0.11 job-years per MW. Con-
of individual projects and the necessity of reaching out struction and commissioning of a wind plant cre-
to a large consumer base. ates 0.6 job-years per MW and operation and maintenance
creates 0.5 job-years per MW.

or the rooftop projects, design and construction

phase can be categorised as a single phase n total, the wind industry creates about 1.27 job-years
since design teams themselves oversee con- per MW from wind project deployment in India. This is
struction and commissioning of a solar PV project at lower than total employment generated from solar proj-
consumer sites. In this phase, about 8.85 job-years per ect deployment.
MW are created, with most of them requiring skilled
(72 percent) and semi-skilled (20 percent) manpower.

he solar rooftop companies still require additional
con- struction workers to undertake activities,
which they either outsource to contractors or hire
construction workers inde- pendently for a particular
project. This leads to employment generation of 13.84
job-years per MW during the construction and pre-
commissioning phase.

ome smaller companies that operate on the
capital expen- diture (CAPEX) model, in which
the rooftop owners invest equity in the plant,
do not have dedicated operations and maintenance
teams. In such cases, the rooftop owners them- selves
do the regular cleaning and maintenance-related work.
However, even relatively larger companies such as
Cleanmax and Azure Power or other smaller compa- Source: CEEW-NRDC Analysis
nies that operate

n the operating expenditure (OPEX) models out-
source the operations and maintenance of their
plants. The employment generated from rooftop About 70 percent of the respondents mentioned
operation and maintenance activities is about 0.50 job- that the average employee works on at least two
years per MW in either scenario. projects simultane- ously during the business
development phase. The remaining 30 percent
stated that their employees work on at least
three or more projects simultaneously. About
60 percent of respon- dents indicated that
an individual employee works on at least two
projects simultaneously during the design phase.
During the construction and operations and
maintenance phases, however, each employee is
assigned to only one specific project at a time.


ur analysis estimates that the solar module
manufacturing sector generates an average of
2.60 job-years per MW. Com- panies with an
annual production capacity of below 50 MW require
about 35 percent more personnel than companies with
higher capacities. The employment generation factor or
the job-years per MW vary marginally with an increase
Source: CEEW-NRDC Analysis in produc- tion capacity of above 200 MW.

58 EQ August 2017


n the solar module
manufacturing sector,
all the jobs are continu-
ous in nature. According
to the analysis, in a typical
solar module manufactur-
ing facility, more than 70
percent of the employees
are engaged in production

his is followed by
senior management,
administration and
accounts staff at 14
Source: CEEW-NRDC Analysis percent.

5. Discussion and Key Findings

Finding 1: Over 300,000 workers will be employed in the next 5 years, to achieve Indias solar and wind targets

ur analysis estimates that
achieving Indias solar and wind
energy goals by 2022 will pro-
vide full-time-equivalent new employ-
ment to 331,210 people in the country.8
These workers will need to be trained
to undertake over 1 million employment
opportunities (short-term and long-term
cumulatively) that will be created in
achieving Indias clean energy targets.9
Of the more than 300,000 workers,
237,980, or about two- thirds, will work
in rooftop solar and the rest in ground-
mounted solar and wind industries.
Further, for ground-mounted solar
projects, the employment coefficients
are higher for smaller projects, sized
between 1 5 MW, in comparison to
large projects sized above 50 MW. This
implies that if the deployment of 60 GW
of ground-mounted solar constitutes
more small-sized projects, this would
result in greater employment genera-
tion or a higher workforce requirement
to deploy the same capacity in bigger Source: CEEW-NRDC Analysis
sized projects.10

Source: CEEW-NRDC Analysis EQ August 2017 59


In total, the wind industry creates about 1.27 job-years per MW, lower than
the total employment generated during solar project deployment.

Source: CEEW-NRDC Analysis

Finding 2: In 2016-2017, solar and wind energy projects in India added more than 21,000 new jobs for the
economy. In 2017-2018, most solar and wind companies expect to increase their workforce by at least 10
percent and employ an estimated 25,000-plus people.

ased on our analysis of job-year
per MW of employment gener-
ated from ground-mounted solar,
rooftop solar and wind project deploy-
ment, 21,192 additional workers were
employed in the financial year (FY) 2016
2017. An excess capacity ad- dition of
2.5 GW of ground-mounted solar, 500
Source: CEEW-NRDC Analysis
MW of rooftop solar and about 2 GW of
wind power supported more than 600
business development personnel, more
than 3,000 design and pre-construction
personnel, more than 11,000 people for
constructing and commissioning these
projects and more than 5,000 people to
operate and maintain these plants.11

For the coming year, two thirds of the ground-

mounted solar respondents expect to increase their
workforce in 2017 Design and Pre-Construction
395 2018. Of the 60 percent respondents, half
(about 34 percent) Construction and 5,330 expect
that increase to exceed 10 percent. About 36
percent of the respondents expect an increase in
the number of employees by up to 10 percent, while
Source: CEEW-NRDC Analysis

7 percent expect no change. This growth is linked

to the growing footprint of Indi- an companies in
domestic and international markets. About one-fifth
(23 percent) of respondents, most of which are
large engineering, procurement, and construction
(EPC) companies, expect some decline in work-
force. The expected decrease could be linked to
growing competition in the sector and the improving
efficiency of available manpower per project.

60 EQ August 2017


imilarly, all the wind power companies
surveyed plan to increase their workforce
in FY18 by at least 10 percent. In the coming
year, 2017 - 2018, we estimate that new ground-
mounted solar, rooftop solar, and wind power ca-
pac- ity additions will employ an additional 25,481
people. This includes more than 1,000 people for
business development, more than 5,000 people for
design and pre-construction, and almost 20,000
people for construction and commissioning. Annual
additional employment generation in solar sector,
both ground-mounted and rooftop is expected to
increase by almost 80 percent, whereas for wind
Source: CEEW-NRDC Analysis sector it will come down by about 18 percent.

Source: CEEW-NRDC Analysis

Source: CEEW-NRDC Analysis

Source: CEEW-NRDC Analysis

Source: CEEW-NRDC Analysis

In total, over the next three years from 2017 to 2020,
employ- ment for about 80,000 additional people will Finding 3: Solar module manufacturing could
employ about 45,000 people if demand for
be generated in India. modules is met domestically in India EQ August 2017 61


e estimate that solar module
manufacturing currently em-
ploys close to 2,900 people. With
Indias reported plan to announce a policy
for competitive domestic solar module
manufacturing, all solar manufacturing
companies surveyed expect to increase
their workforce in FY 2017-2018. In fact,
one fourth of them expect an increase
in excess of 40 percent. Further, we
estimate that the domestic solar module
manufacturing industry in India could
employ an additional 45,000 people if
the demand for solar modules is met
domestically in India.

Source: CEEW-NRDC Analysis

Finding 4: Solar power jobs will be well distributed across the country, while wind power jobs will be
concentrated in a few states

Solar resources in India are

well distributed across the
country12. State-wise installa-
tion targets for ground-mount-
ed solar projects and rooftop
solar projects set by the Min-
istry of New and Renewable
Energy also reflect the same
geographical diversity. Based
on the Ministry targets, we esti-
mated state workforce require-
ments. Based on our analysis,
Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh
are estimated to have the most
number of solar jobs in the

Wind jobs, however, are likely

to be concentrated in the states
that have high wind potential.
According to the Ministry of
New & Renewable Energy, 8
states have wind installation
targets between 2017 and
2022.13 These include Rajasthan
in the north, Gujarat, Madhya
Pradesh, and Maharashtra in
the west, and Andhra Pradesh,
Telangana, Tamil Nadu, and Source:
Karnataka in the South. Analysis

Finding 5: Rooftop solar is more workforce-intensive than other renewables, providing 24.72 job-years per MW in
comparison to 3.45 job-years per MW for ground-mounted solar and 1.27 job- years per MW for wind power

62 EQ August 2017


ompared to
solar (3.45 job-
years per MW) and wind
(1.27 job-years per MW),
rooftop solar has the
most workforce intensive
project deployment at
24.72 job-years per MW.
This is due to the smaller
project sizes compared to
ground-mounted solar or
wind, which means that Source:

more people are required


for installations.

6. Key Policy Recommendations and Conclusion

ur analysis serves to further illustrate wind and solar em- ployment opportunities in India as the nation moves
toward its 2022 renewable energy targets, and can be used to design and implement clean energy policies at
the state and national levels. The solar manufacturing employment potential high- lighted here can serve to help
the industry prepare.

Based on our analysis, national and state governments should

focus on job creation as a key policy area for solar and wind
sectors in the country. Specifically, governments can
a. Encourage reporting of employ- sector to source construction jobs
ment generation from renewable locally since solar jobs are well dis-
energy companies; tributed among states;
b. Provide a greater impetus and d. Develop wind power training cen-
policy priority to rooftop solar to tres on the basis of state-specific
create renewable energy jobs and wind targets in 8 states; and
meet the gov- ernments employ-
e. Promote a strong domestic solar
ment objectives;
module manufacturing industry to
c. Support development of localized provide employment to an additional
training centres led by the private 45,000 people in India. EQ August 2017 63


When Will Electric Automotive manufacturers

have set ambitious plans
for electrifying their fleets

Vehicles be Cheaper
in the next few years.
Still, there are many
concerns over the price
of electric vehicles, their

than Conventional
acceptance by consumers
and their effect on
companies profitability.
In this note, we analyse
the cost structure of

Vehicles ? electric cars to show the

contribution of various
components and the
trajectory of future costs.
Article By Nikolas Soulopoulos

64 EQ August 2017


l Battery electric cars will be

more expensive than equiva-
lent internal combustion en-
gine vehicles for the next 7-9
years, depending on segment.
By the end of the 2020s, the
average BEV in the US and
Europe will be cheaper than a
comparable ICE in all market
segments, though for small
cars the gap will be marginal.
We believe that these price
signals will drive the mass
adoption of EVs.
l Cost reductions are highly
reliant on mass manufactur-
ing both of vehicles and bat-
teries. Policy is critical here,
since tough fuel economy
regulations play an important
role in driving the scale-up in
EV manufacturing over the
next 5-7 years.
l Watering down fuel econo-
my rules in the US and other
countries has the potential to
derail the trajectory of price
declines forecast here.

Vehicle segments and EV specifications

l Vehicle retail prices l Small cars and SUVs are on average l In order to forecast vehicle prices, we
have been rising in the markedly cheaper in the EU than the US; assume that in the future battery electric
past few years in the a reflection of consistently larger and vehicles will populate existing market
U.S. and Europe above more powerful vehicles in the US in these segments. We have also assigned range
their historical growth segments. In contrast, medium and large and power specifications that we assume
rates of around 1.5% cars are slightly more expensive in Europe. BEVs will need to compete in the relevant
in the US and 2% in However, the after-tax retail prices are segments. These are shown in the table,
Europe. higher in Europe across all segments. and are applied for all countries. EQ August 2017 65


EV competitiveness is heavily dependent on battery

cost and technology improvements

l Battery costs are dropping at around 19% per l We expect average battery energy density will
cumulative doubling of manufactured capacity. We double by 2030 to more than 200 Wh/kg, on the back
expect Large manufacturing capacity additions of continuous improvements in battery chemistries,
(web | terminal) and incremental technology im- higher material efficiencies and better engineering.
provements between now and 2025 to sustain falling The effects of these technological advancements
costs, beyond that costs reductions will likely slow are twofold: smaller battery capacity requirements
on an annualised basis. up to 15% by 2030 and lower vehicle weight.

66 EQ August 2017


BEV prices will become as cheap as ICEs in the 2020's, but segment and
regional differences will exist
l We expect base vehicle costs, such as body
and chassis, to drop for battery electric cars,
due to simpler design and easier manufacturing.
For ICEs, these costs will slightly increase, as a
result of additional light-weighting (web | termi-
nal) and other measures to meet CO2 emissions
and fuel economy requirements.*
l We expect electric powertrain costs for
BEVs, such as motors, inverters and electron-
ics, to drop by about 20-25% by 2030, mainly
due to volume manufacturing.
l The most expensive component of electric
vehicles is currently the battery, which we ex-
pect to contribute between 18%-23% of the price
by 2030, down from around 50% at present.
l In the US, BEVs and ICEs in all segments will
cost the same around 2026. In Europe, medium
vehicles should reach price parity earlier by
2025 compared to small and medium cars and
SUVs. In particular, small BEVs will not be price
competitive until late in the decade, due to the
low ICE prices in the segment.
l In both regions, the SUV and large vehicle
segments will reach price parity after 2026. This
does not seem to have deterred some OEMs,
who are planning SUV and crossover BEV
launches around 2020. However, several have
acknowledged that generating significant prof-
Source: Bloomberg New Energy Finance Note: Estimated pre-tax retail prices; Note: our its from EVs will be challenging over the next
analysis uses data from the EPA, ICCT, FEV, ONRL, IDL few years until battery prices drop further.

BEV and ICE pre-tax prices in the US and the share of battery costs in the vehicle price EQ August 2017 67


BEV and ICE pre-tax prices in the EU and the share of

battery costs in the vehicle price

Battery electric vehicle specifications

l In order to derive our forecasts, we have made several estimates on how battery capacity and power
evolve for BEVs between 2017 and 2030:

l We expect power requirements for vehicles to

l We expect battery capacity requirements to drop
up to 15% by 2030. This mean large cars and SUVs increase over time, but lower vehicle weight will
will need batteries of around 85 kWh to cover 300 counteract the trend. We expect the weight of the
miles, down from roughly 100 kWh today. Medium average battery electric vehicle to drop by about
sized vehicles batteries will be just over 65 kWh for a quarter to 2030, with more than half of the gain
250 mile range, while smaller vehicles will largely coming from lighter batteries. Average power
use batteries of about 50 kWh to achieve 200 mile requirements will increase between 5% and 15%
range. by 2030.

68 EQ August 2017


l We expect battery electric US (web | terminal) following the cost of EVs.

vehicles to be up to 15% cheaper change in administration (web |
l Changing costs will make
than equivalent ICEs by 2030. To terminal) could ease these cost
make this comparison, we assume pressures and alter the projected EVs competitive with their ICE
that costs for internal combustion pricing dynamics between BEVs counterparts over the next ten
engine vehicles will rise slightly and ICEs. years, but economics alone will
in the future to comply with an not dictate adoption. Many other
l Our underlying costs for ve- factors play a large role. These
increasingly stringent regulatory hicle and component manufactur-
environment. This is supported by are covered in-depth in past
ing of electric vehicles assumes BNEF publications and will be
analysis from groups like the EPA, high production volumes. This
NHTSA, and from statements from addressed in our upcoming Long
typically means output of more Term EV Adoption Outlook.
the car manufacturers. than 100,000 vehicles per year.
l However, automotive manu- At the moment, manufacturers l Our analysis is based on mod-
facturers could delay this trend do not produce EVs at this scale, elling an average vehicle in every
by merging or otherwise pooling so unit costs for body and other segment. Individual manufactur-
manufacturing capacity, with- parts are currently higher for EVs ers will have distinct cost struc-
drawing from certain markets than ICEs. We estimate that by tures depending on things like
(web | terminal) and pursuing 2020-22 production capacity of the geographical location of their
higher efficiencies in all aspects electric vehicles will scale up for manufacturing assets and their
of their operations. Potential the more aggressive car makers production volumes. In addition,
relaxation of fuel economy and and we expect a premium of 20- individual brands have different
emissions regulations as is 30% in the next three to four years pricing power to position their
being currently discussed in the to the component manufacturing vehicles in the market.

vehicle pricing

Vehicle Retail cost breakdown by component

l The cost multiplier from
the previous slide accounts
for depreciation, R&D, Selling
and general administrative ex-
penses, and OEM and dealer
l Around two-thirds of a
vehicles retail price cover
direct manufacturing costs,
such as materials, labour and
tools. This leaves 10-12% for
dealer and OEM profit.

l The cost structure between the l In assessing the manufacturing cost of a BEV we assume

U.S. and Europe is similar, with dif- volume production of around 100,000 or more vehicles per year.
ferences mainly reflecting dealer and Manufacturers are generally below this now, but we expect many
labour costs. to be at this level around 2020 based on their stated plans. EQ August 2017 69

Policy & Regulations

Uttar Pradesh
Solar Power
Policy 2017
India, being a tropical country receives
adequate solar radiation for 300 days.
However, solar power has not been able
to contribute to a significant share in
the Indian energy mix.

of 23.8 GW of Solar Energy which the the Government is keen in establishing
State intends to harness to support the solar energy based power plants in the

he grid-connected capacity of So- energy requirements of the State as well state. To achieve this, objective, U.P.
lar PV in India stands at 12.5 GW as meet the MNRE targets of 10.7GW State Government hereby declares and
(as of April, 2017) of the total 329 of solar power which includes 4300MW adopts Solar Power Policy, 2017.
GW installed in the country. The market from solar rooftop by 2022. In order to
for solar power is, however, set to grow address the energy demand and access
significantly due to improved economics issues, the state is also targeted to pro-
of solar projects and rise in the prices vide 24 hours electricity connections to
of the fossil fuels. Another push to the rural and urban households by 2018-19.
sector includes Government of Indias Attaining such an ambitious target will
commitment to 40% of the countrys require a complete transformation of
power from renewable sources by 2030 power sector scenario in Uttar Pradesh
including achievement of 100 GW from including tapping huge solar energy
solar power by 2022, of which 40 GW potential. Additionally, solar energy
is allocated specific to solar rooftop deployment in the state will also attract
projects. Additionally, the amendment investments creating many jobs in the
in the National Tariff Policy in 2016 state. The solar industry provides both
also targets to achieve 8% contribution one-time jobs during precommission-
from solar energy in the total state mix ing/ construction phase and regular
(excluding hydro) by 2021 . operations and maintenance positions
To achieve a sustainable develop- over the life of the project. Investments
ment route that provides for advance- in the solar industry as well as domes-
ment in economic as well as environ- tic manufacturing of solar panels will
mental objectives, the Government help create direct and indirect employ-
of Uttar Pradesh is determined and ment opportunities in both skilled and
taking necessary steps to encourage unskilled sector. Thus, keeping in view
the generation based on renewable vast potential of solar power in the state
energy sources. The State has potential and to improve the power availability,

70 EQ August 2017

Policy & Regulations

Applicability of the Policy-

The solar policy shall be ap- generation/ group captive gen-
plicable for the following solar eration (including those funded
projects set up within the state: and owned by developers) with
1) Utility Scale Solar Power intention to sale part generation to
Projects (SPPs) Electricity Distribution Company or
Third party.
Utility scale grid-connected
2) Solar Rooftop Projects
solar power projects based on
both Photo Voltaic (PV) as well State shall encourage the devel-
as Solar Thermal technologies opment of solar rooftop projects to
pertaining to: meet the MNRE target of 4300MW
for the State of UP by 2022.
l Projects set up for sale of power
to UP Electricity Distribution li- 3) Off-Grid Applications:
l Solar Street Lights
l Projects set up for sale of power
to third parties within the State or l Solar powered agricultural
outside the State pump sets
l Any other off grid solar product.
l Projects set up for captive

Regulatory Framework
The Electricity Act 2003, as amended from time to time, mandates the State
Electricity Regulatory Commission, to set tariffs for renewable energy as well as
to issue regulations pertaining to renewable power purchase obligation (RPO),
and set charges for wheeling, transmission and distribution of electricity.

Policy Targets
The Government of Uttar Pradesh in its endeavor to achieve minimum 8% solar
energy out of the total projected consumption (as defined in the Tariff Policy),
proposes to meet the target of 10700 MW solar power for UP including 4300
MW from rooftop solar projects by FY 22.

Objectives Implementation Plan

This solar policy has the following The State shall encourage implementation of the Solar Power under below
specific objectives: mentioned segments:
l To encourage participation of Private Utility scale grid-Connected Solar Projects
Sector and provide investment opportu-
nities to set up solar power projects in
Category-1: Solar Park
the state State Government will promote the development of integrated solar parks for utiliz-
l To support in providing environment ing waste lands in the State for generation of power. Through development of solar
friendly and affordable Power for All. parks, private participation will be encouraged by providing plug and play options
l To promote Research &Development, for developers. Size of Solar Parks set up will be minimum 100 MW capacity at
innovations and skill development in the contiguous location,subject to minimum capacity condition of Solar Park laid down
state by Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India for pro-
l To achieve its target of 8% Solar viding Central FinancialAssistance (CFA) for development of Solar Park.
Renewable Purchase Obligation (Solar
RPO) by 2022. The solar parks can be set up under:
A. Public Sector Solar Parks
Operative Period The State shall support the development of solar parks under any of the
following modes:
This policy shall come into operation 1. Solar Parks developed and managed by Central/ State Government Public
from date of issuance and shall remain Sector Undertaking
in operation for a period of five (5) years (PSU) or a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) of the State Government
or till the Government notifies the new 2. Solar Parks developed and managed by a Joint Venture Company (Lucknow
policy whichever is earlier. Solar Power
Development Corporation Limited) comprising of UPNEDA (50% equity) and
The Solar Power Projects (SPPs) that Solar Energy
are taken up during the operative period Corporation of India (SECI) (50% equity)
shall continue to be eligible for the 3. Solar Parks developed and managed bySolar Energy Corporation of India
incentives declared under this policy. (SECI) on behalf of State Government on mutually agreed terms. EQ August 2017 71

Policy & Regulations

Government of U.P will provide the following Incentives:

i. Land on lease or Right to use basis for development of Solar Park.
ii. Connectivity of Solar Park to the nearest transmission Substation. Implementation
iii. Support for strengthening of Grid network
iv. The State through UPPCL/Distribution licensee to offer purchase of 100 % Arrangement:
power generated from solar park out of which atleast 50% of the power will have
to be sold to UPPCL/Distribution Licensee. a) Net Metering: The policy
shall be applicable to Renewable
Location of the Solar Park shall be finalized in consultation with State Transmis- Energy (RE) Beneficiary, who
sion utility to optimize the cost of transmission.Allocation of the Solar Power installs RE Systems under Net
Projects inside the Solar Park will be done through bidding as per guidelines of Metering Arrangement as per
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India UPERC RSPV Regulation, 2015.
Generally, such RE Systems
B Private Sector Solar Parks shall be located in the premises
of RE Beneficiary. In case of
The state shall promote the solar parks developed by private companies. multi storied buildings, residential
Government of U.P will provide the following Incentives: colonies, commercial buildings,
i Support for strengthening of Grid network etc,Renewable Energy(RE) Sys-
ii The State through UPPCL/Distribution licensee to offer purchase of 100 % tem could be located at common
power generated from solar park out of which atleast 50% of the power will have facility area; the same could sup-
to be sold to UPPCL/Distribution Licensee. ply to the bulk power connection
or connection for common facili-
Category-2: Large scale stand-alone solar projects with sale ties therein, and, in other cases,
without hindering or encroaching
of power to Distribution Licensee upon the lawful rights of the other
The nodal agency for such projects shall be UPNEDA. The minimum b) Gross Metering: In this ar-
project size shall be 5MW at a single location and shall be awarded rangement energy in a system
through competitive bidding process as per Ministry of New and is measured under which entire
Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India guidelines. energy generated from a roof-
top Solar PV system installed at
Incentives eligible consumer premises is de-
livered to the distribution system
State Government will bearone-third of the cost of construction of of the licensee.
transmission line,for maximum transmission line length of 15 km for
thesolar projects in the Bundelkhand and Purvanchal region of the State.
Remaining cost for construction of transmission line, bay and substation
Implementation Plan:
will be borne by the Project Developer. Incentive will be available only in Government/Public Institutions
case of construction of Transmission line by State Transmission Utility
(STU)/Distribution licensee. i. The Government of Uttar
Pradesh shall promote deploy-
Other charges will be applicable as per the UP Electricity Regulatory
ment of rooftop solar photovoltaic
Commission (UPERC) regulations, as amended from time to time.
plants for captive/self-consump-
tion on the offices of the govern-
ment organizations/State govern-
Facilities for third Party sale ment owned or aided institutions
under Net metering mechanism.
(i) Intrastate sale of solar power to any third party shall be exempted from any Installation of these Rooftop solar
wheeling charges/transmission charges. photovoltaic plants through third
party (Renewable Energy Supply
(ii) Interstate sale of solar power shall be exempted from any cross subsidy sur- Company -RESCO) will be en-
charge and wheeling charges/transmission charges applicable inside the state. couraged wherein the consumer
(iii) Metering for sale of power shall be done at STU/Distribution licensee shall enter into a power pur-
substation end chase agreement with the Third
Party and enter into Net-Metering
agreement with the Distribution
Grid-Connected Solar Rooftop Projects licensee.

The State shall encourage implementation of the grid connected rooftop solar ii. The State shall endeavor to
photovoltaic power plants on public buildings, domestic, commercial and indus- participate and avail benefits
trial establishments through following arrangements as per Rooftop Solar PV under the MNREs scheme on
Grid Interactive systems Gross/Net Metering Regulations ,2015 (RSPV Regula- Grid Connected Rooftop and
tions ,2015) issued by UPERC and amended from time to time: Small Power Plants Programme.

72 EQ August 2017

Policy & Regulations

Residential &Private Institutions

Further, the State shall take active
The Government of Uttar Pradesh shall encourage the Residential, Commercial
part in the Ministry of New and Re-
and Industrial units to implement Grid connected rooftop solar power plant, of
newable Energy (MNRE) scheme
suitable capacity, on the roof of their premises/area following the regulations as
on implementation of rooftop solar
notified by Uttar Pradesh Electricity Regulatory Commission from time to time.
power plants on the roofs of the
State Government department and
State Public Sector Units namely Incentives for implementation of Grid-connected
Achievement-Linked Incentive for
Government Sector or any other
solar rooftop projects
incentive available under any Gov- The following incentives shall be
ernment scheme from time to time. available to the Grid connected
Rooftop Solar PV Plants imple-
iii. All the public institutions such
mented by the eligible entities, as
as government owned or aided
applicable, during the Operative
hospitals, research institutions,
Period of the policy,
educational institutions, hostels
& training institutions, libraries, i. To promote large scale installation
establishments of Indian rail- of Grid connected Rooftop systems
ways, in the State, such as ticket under Net-Metering arrangement
reservation centre, Railway sta- in private residential sectors, State
tions, research and development Government will provide subsidy of
organization, rest houses, inspec- Rs 10000/KW to a maximum limit of
tion houses etc, shall endeavor to subsidy Rs 20000 per consumer on
install grid connected rooftop solar first come first basis for the first 100
photovoltaic power plant and gen- MW applications submitted online to
erates &consume some percent- UPNEDA. Subsidy will be disbursed be counted towards total height of the
age of their annual electricitycon- to beneficiary after successful instal- building as permitted by building bye
sumption from such plant. lation and commissioning of Rooftop laws. Further in case a solar rooftop
solar systems with net metering and project is implemented, no further
iv. Nodal Agency, UPNEDA willpay
submission of all documents to the building permission will be required
an active role in collection of
State Nodal agency (UPNEDA). In from the local development authori-
demand for installation of Grid
case the project installation is delayed ties/local bodies on this account.
connected Solar Rooftop Power
for more than 6 months, the subsidy
PlantsfromGovernment depart- iii. In compliance to the Rule 47A of
shall be withdrawn by UPNEDA.
ments.UPNEDA will finalize model Indian Electricity Rules, 1956 the
This subsidy will be in addition to any
contract conditions and carry out installation and testing of rooftop
Central Financial Assistance available
competitive bidding for discovery solar power plant up to 10 kW, will
from Ministry of New and Renewable
of tariff and selection of Renew- be exempted from the inspection by
Energy, Government of India which
able Energy Service Companies the Electrical Inspector of the State
would be dispersed by State Nodal
(RESCOs) for implementation of of Uttar Pradesh. The appropriate
Grid connected Solar Rooftop proj- Distribution Licensee shall undertake
ects on Government buildings. ii. The height of the module structure the inspection of the rooftop solar
carrying rooftop solar panels, in ad- power plant up to 10 kW before com-
v. Funds from the Government of
dition to the building height, shall not missioning.
Uttar Pradesh may be made avail-
able for providing payment security
in case any State Government, Metering Arrangement, Evacuation Voltage &
Semi Government, Government
aided organizations ,Government
Interconnection with the distribution system
owned corporations and statutory Metering arrangement,evacuation voltage of electricity generated from Solar
bodies etcdecides to implement Power Plants and interconnection of the Rooftop Solar Power Plant with the
Solar Rooftop project through third network of the distribution licensee will be as per UPERC RSPV Regulations
Party (RESCO) mode. However 2015 and as amended from time to time.
depending on the response gener-
ated some budgetary support may
also be provided by Government
Other Off-Grid Applications
of U.P. for installation of Roof- Off Grid applications like Solar Street Lights and Solar Water Pumps for irriga-
top Solar Power Plants in State tion purpose are being deployed presently in the State on large scale with State
Government, Semi Government, subsidy .Government of UP will encourage off grid applications in rural areas of
Government aided organizations the State .State Government will review from time to time and provide support
and corporations. as appropriate .Government of U.P. has declared Minigrid Policy U.P. -2016
which is annexed with this policy which may be reviewed by State Government
as required from time to time. EQ August 2017 73

Policy & Regulations

Ease of Business-
Enabling Provisions
The State, in order to encourage solar
based generation, has prepared the
following measures for improving
the ease of doing business. However
the project developer has to ensure
that the generation is within the time
limit stipulated in the PPA or within a
maximum period of 2 years from the
date of application whichever is earlier,
failing which the provisions under this
policy automatically stands cancelled.
The following provisions are for Solar
Power Projects (SPP) and solar parks,
wherever applicable:
i) Single Window Clearance System
The nodal agency will undertake single
window clearance for all Solar Power
ii) Energy Banking
Banking of 100% energy in every financial
year shall be permitted, subject to verifica-
tion by the officials of the concerned State
Distribution Company as per banking pro-
visions of UPERC CRE Regulations 2014
and as amended from time to time.
iii) Electricity Duty
Electricity duty for ten years shall be
exempted for sale to Distribution licensee,
captive consumption and third party sale
in respect of all solar projects set up within
the state.

Government of India
l Chief Secretary - Chairman
Various concessions allowed by Ministry
of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) l Infrastructure & Industrial Development Commissioner -Member
for solar projects including central excise l Additional Chief Secretary/ Principal Secretary Energy -Member
duty & customs duty exemptions shall be
allowed to the project developer. l Secretary /Principal Secretary, Additional Sources of Energy -Member
l Secretary /Principal Secretary, Finance -Member

Empowered Committee l Secretary /Principal Secretary, Planning -Member

l Secretary /Principal Secretary, Revenue -Member
To resolve key bottlenecks in implementa-
tion of this policy and resolve any other l Secretary /Principal Secretary, Housing - Member
Inter departmental issues that may arise l Managing Director, UPPCL -Member
from time to time, an Empowered commit-
tee will be constituted under the chairman- l Managing Director, UPPTCL -Member
ship of the Chief Secretary of the State. l Managing Director, Concerned DISCOM -Member
The committee will have the following
members:- l Director, UPNEDA -Member Secretary

74 EQ August 2017

Policy & Regulations

Nodal Agency
Uttar Pradesh New and Renewable Energy Development Agency (UPNEDA)
Skill Development and
will be the nodal agency for facilitating solar policy as envisaged by the
relevant authorities.
Capacity Building
It has been realized that a large number
Role of Nodal Agency of solar energy professionals will be
required not only in UP, but in the entire
The Nodal Agency will facilitate and assist the project developers and under- country to achieve ambitious target of
take the activities to achieve the objectives of the policy. 100 GW of solar capacity. The govern-
ment of UP, through UPNEDA shall
Bidding of Projects design training programs in association
with National Institute of Solar Energy
The Nodal agency will be responsible for carrying out all the tasks related to (NISE) to train electricians, mechani-
bidding process for Solar Power Projects in the state. cal & civil experts on solar. Various skill
development programs will be designed
For utility scale Solar projects Government of U.P. shall provide funds for by UPNEDA and NISE and subsequently
activities like hiring of consultants for Bid process management, Outsourcing training will be imparted across the state.
of single window system and other incentives to be made available directly Skills will be developed across segments
under this policy or on any other activity or works which are required for including installation, operation and
implementation of Solar Policy in the State. maintenance of solar projects, testing of
solar products, solar resource assess-
For projects being set up under other departmental budgets, concerned
ment, refurbishment, etc. UPNEDA will
departments will bear the cost related to feasibility report preparation and
provide certifications under these devel-
bid process management. Nodal Agency may charge a nominal facilitation
opment programs.
charge for providing this service.

Facilitation for Government Land/Space Benefits under

Facilitate allotment of suitable land/space in control of State Government or
its agencies. other Policies of
Coordination with other Departments Government of U.P.
For arranging right of way, if any, water supply and connecting infrastructure i. Incentives available for Solar Power
like roads etcNodal agency will coordinate with other Government departments Projects shallbe available as in Infra-
for expediting the setting up of Solar Projects. structure Investment and Industrial Poli-
cyof the State as prevalent from time to
time. Fiscal incentives available as per
Training Infrastructure Investment and Industrial
Develop appropriate skilled manpower by tying up with training and educa- Policy of State from time to time will be
tional institutions. payable from the budgetary provisions
made in that policy.
powers to Commissioners for early
TO INSTALLATION OF ROOFTO SOLAR POWER disposal of permission to be provided
PLANTS IN RESIDENTIAL SECTOR under land ceiling Act.
iii. Solar PV projects shall be exempted
Nodal Agency shall formulate scheme to provide for State subsidy as men- from obtaining Environmental
tioned in Para Of Incentives for implementation of Grid-connected solar clearance
rooftop projects (i)

Power to amend &

R&D Activities interpret the policy
To promote awareness amongst researchers and to assist private sector in Government of UP will have power to
solving key issues related to reliability, adaptability of technology for Indian amend/ review/relax/interpret any of the
conditions with special reference to Uttar Pradesh ,The State Government shall provisions under this policy as and when
set up Solar Research &Development, testing and standardization facility in two required.
institutes/universities in UP. EQ August 2017 75

Quarter results

Azure Power
Announces Results for
Fiscal Fourth
Quarter 2017
Azure Power Global Limited (NYSE: AZRE), (Azure Power or
the Company), one of the leaders in the Indian solar industry, today
announced its consolidated results under United States Generally
Accepted Accounting Principles (US GAAP) for the fiscal fourth
quarter 2017, period ended March 31, 2017.

Key Operating and Financial Metrics : Portfolio Run-Rate

lectricity generation during the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017 ortfolio run-rate equals annualized
increased by 252.7 million kWh, or 69%, to 617.5 million kWh, payments from customers extrapolated
compared to the same period in 2016. The increase in electricity based on the operating and committed
generation was principally a result of additional capacity operating during capacity as of the reporting dates. In estimating
the period. Total revenue during fiscal year ended March 31, 2017 was the portfolio run-rate, the Company multiplies
INR 4,183.0 million (US$ 64.5 million), up 59% from INR 2,626.1 million the PPA contract price per kilowatt hour by the
during the same period in 2016. The increase in revenue was primarily estimated annual energy output for all operating
driven by the commissioning of new projects. and committed solar projects as of the reporting
Project cost per megawatt operating consists of costs incurred for one date. The estimated annual energy output of the
megawatt of new solar power plant capacity during the reporting period. Companys solar projects is calculated using
The project cost per megawatt operating for the fiscal year ended March power generation simulation software and
31, 2017 decreased by INR 10.3 million (US$ 0.16 million) to INR 49.3 validated by independent engineering firms.
million (US$ 0.76 million), as compared to the same period in 2016. The main assumption used in the calculation is
The decline is due to decreasing solar module prices and the reduction in the project location, which enables the software
balance of system costs.Fourth Quarter 2017 Period Ended March 31, 2017 to derive the estimated annual energy output
Operating Highlights: from certain meteorological data, including the
temperature and solar insolation based on the
Operating & Committed Megawatts were 1,069 MW, as of March 31, project location.
2017, an increase of 31% over March 31, 2016. The following table sets forth, with respect
to the Companys PPAs, the aggregate portfolio
Revenue for the quarter was INR 1,318 million (US$ 20.3 million), an run-rate and estimated annual energy output as
increase of 72% over the quarter ended March 31, 2016. of the reporting dates. The portfolio run-rate
has not been discounted to arrive at the present
Adjusted EBITDA for the quarter was INR 974 million (US$ 15.0 value.
million), an increase of 90% over the quarter ended March 31, 2016. Portfolio run-rate increased by INR 1,716
million (US$ 26.5 million) to INR 11,006
Nominal contracted payments increased from March 31, 2016 to March
million (US$ 169.7 million) as of March 31,
31, 2017 as a result of the Company entering into additional PPAs. Over
2017, as compared to March 31, 2016, due to an
time, the Company has seen falling benchmark tariffs as reported by
increase in operational and committed capacity.
Central Electricity Regulatory Commission in line with the reduction in
solar module prices.

76 EQ August 2017

Quarter results

Depreciation and
Amortization Expenses
Depreciation and amortization expenses during the
quarter ended March 31, 2017 increased by INR 121.9
million (US$ 1.9 million), or 63%, to INR 314.0
million (US$ 4.8 million) compared to the same period
in 2016. The principal reason for the increase was
capitalization of new projects during the period from
March 31, 2016 to March 31, 2017.

Interest Expense, Net

Net interest expense during the quarter ended March
31, 2017 decreased by INR 38.4 million (US$ 0.6
million), or 6%, to INR 631.2 million (US$ 9.7
million) compared to the same period in 2016. Interest
expense decreased primarily as a result of eliminating
interest on Compulsorily Convertible Debentures
following their conversion after the Companys
initial public offering and higher interest income on
investments during the quarter ended March 31, 2017,
which was partially offset by increased borrowings for
new solar power projects.

Gain on Foreign Currency

Fourth Quarter 2017 Period ended March The Indian rupee depreciated against the U.S. dollar
31, 2017 Consolidated Financial Results: by INR 0.1 to US$ 1.00 (0.1%) during the period
from December 31, 2016 to March 31, 2016, while
Operating revenue in the quarter ended March 31, 2017 was INR 1,317.6 the Indian rupee appreciated against the U.S. dollar
million (US$ 20.3 million), an increase of 72% from INR 767.2 million by INR 3.1 to US$ 1.00 (4.5%) during the period
over the same period in 2016. The increase in revenue was driven by the from December 31, 2016 to March 31, 2017. This
commissioning of new projects. appreciation during the period from December 31, 2016
to March 31, 2017 resulted in a foreign exchange gain
of INR 309.2 million (US$ 4.8 million), which was
Cost of Operations a INR 315.2 million (US$ 4.9 million) improvement
compared to the same period in 2016.
Cost of operations in the quarter ended March 31, 2017 increased by 106%
to INR 130.7 million (US$ 2.0 million) from INR 63.3 million in the same
period in 2016. The increase was primarily due to plant maintenance cost Income Tax Expense
for newly commissioned projects and implementation of improved O&M
Income tax expense increased during the quarter
methods for better plant productivity.
ended March 31, 2017 by INR 406.9 million (US$
6.3 million) to INR 645.2 million (US$ 9.9 million),
General and Administrative compared to the same period in 2016. The increase in
income tax expense in the quarter ended March 31,
Expenses 2017 was partly due to increase in taxable income
on profits generated by a subsidiary, which provides
General and administrative expenses during the quarter ended March 31, 2017
certain engineering, procurement and construction
increased by INR 21.1 million (US$ 0.3 million), or 11%, to INR 212.4 million
services to its subsidiaries and delay of accelerated
(US$ 3.3 million) compared to the same period in 2016. This was primarily due
depreciation tax benefit claimed in the current quarter.
to an increase in personnel expenses to support the Companys growth.
The subsidiary expects to benefit from this claim in the
next quarter. EQ August 2017 77

Quarter results

Net Loss
Net loss for the quarter ended March 31, 2017 was INR 306.7
million (US$ 4.7 million), a decrease of INR 286.7 million (US$ 4.4
million) as compared to the same period in 2016. This was primarily
due to increase in revenue, lower interest expense and a foreign
exchange gain realised during the quarter ended March 31, 2017.

Cash Flow and Working Capital

Cash utilized in operating activities for the fiscal year ended March
31, 2017 was INR 27.2 million (US$ 0.4 million), an increase of
INR 761.1 million (US$ 11.7 million) as compared to the same
period in 2016, primarily due to one-time receipt of Viability Gap
Funding (VGF) during the same period in 2016. Cash used for
investing activities increased by INR 12,785.2 million (US$ 197.2
million) during the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017 compared
to the same period in 2016 as purchases of property, plant and
equipment for new projects rose by an additional INR 6,324.5
million (US$ 97.5 million).
During the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017, the Company
raised INR 24,331.5 million (US$ 375.2 million) from financing
activities. The Company raised equity of INR 10,466.8 million (US$
161.4 million) from its initial public offering and concurrent private
placement and issuance of Series I CCPS.

Liquidity Position Exchange Rate

This press release contains
As of March 31, 2017, the Company had INR 8,757.5 million (US$ translations of certain Indian
135.0 million) of cash, cash equivalents and current investments. rupee amounts into U.S. dollars
The Company drew down INR 8,471.2 million (US$ 130.6 million) at specified rates solely for
of project debt during the quarter and had undrawn project debt the convenience of the reader.
commitment of INR 16,227.9 million (US$ 250.2 million) as of the Unless otherwise stated, the
end of the quarter. translation of Indian rupees into
U.S. dollars has been made at

Adjusted EBITDA INR 64.85 to US$ 1.00, which

is the noon buying rate in New
Adjusted EBITDA was INR 974.4 million (US$ 15.0 million) for York City for cable transfer
the quarter ended March 31, 2017, compared to INR 512.6 million in non-U.S. currencies as
in the same period in 2016. This was primarily due to the increase in certified for customs purposes
revenue during the period. by the Federal Reserve Bank
of New York on March 31,
2017. The Company makes no
Guidance representation that the Indian
rupee or U.S. dollar amounts
The following statements are based on current expectations. These referred to in this press release
statements are forward-looking and actual results may differ could have been converted into
materially. The Company is giving revenue guidance for fiscal year U.S. dollars or Indian rupees,
2018 ending March 31, 2018 of US$ 118 125 million. In addition, as the case may be, at any
the Company expects that 1,000 1,200 MWs will be operational particular rate or at all.
by March 31, 2018.

78 EQ August 2017

SolarEdge to offer the
fastest AC EV charging
rates by supp-
lementing grid
power with
PV power
Intersolar North America,
SolarEdge Technologies, Inc.
(SolarEdge) (NASDAQ: SEDG),
a global leader in PV inverters,
power optimizers, and module-
level monitoring services, is
unveiling the worlds first inverter-
integrated electric vehicle (EV)
charger. By supplementing grid
SolarEdge is dedicated to developing innova-
power with PV power, SolarEdges
tive solutions for increasing the use of renew-
Level 2 EV charger offers charging able energy and cost savings for our customers
up to six times faster than a and end users, stated Guy Sella, CEO and
standard Level 1 charger with its Chairman of SolarEdge. Adding EV charging to
innovative solar boost mode. our growing-range of products further enables

system owners to easily manage their energy
olarEdges HD-Wave
inverter, once integrated needs."
with an EV charger, will

not only provide the existing ased on patent-pending technology, the EV
management and monitoring charger is embedded into SolarEdges HD-Wave
of solar production, but will inverter and leverages its solar boost mode. This
also enable EV charging from a mode utilizes both grid and PV to charge at 9.6kW (40
single inverter and dashboard. Amp) Level 2 charging, which is up to six times faster
The combined solution will than standard Level 1 charging. If PV is not available,
offer considerable cost savings the inverter-integrated EV charger will use grid power
on both hardware and labor to charge at 7.6kW (32 Amp) Level 2 charging, which is
by eliminating the need for an up to five times faster than standard Level 1 charging.
additional conduit, wiring, and With a 12-year warranty, the inverter-integrated EV
breaker installation. The solu- charger offers potential future operating modes, such
tion will also eliminate the need as demand-response and charging at off-peak hours to
for an additional dedicated cir- optimize Time-of-Use (TOU) rates. The inverter-inte-
cuit breaker, which saves space grated EV charger is expected to be available in the last
and a potential main distribu- quarter of 2017.
tion panel upgrade. EQ August 2017 79

Enphase Energy to Launch
Microinverter Technology
Master-classes at Rene
wable Energy India
Expo 2017
Enphase Energy, Inc. (NASDAQ: ENPH), a global energy
technology company and the worlds leading supplier of solar
microinverters, announced today that it will launch a series
of microinverter technology masterclasses at the Renewable
Energy India Expo 2017.

India has been moving towards innovative, smart and easy-to-use
hese masterclasses are technology for intelligent energy management, said Mr. Yogesh
designed to provide
Mudras, managing director of UBM India. This has led to a
installers and Engineer- growing appetite for microinverter technologies especially in the
ing, Procurement and Con- residential segment. We are delighted to partner with Enphase En-
struction companies (EPCs) ergy to roll out masterclasses for the first time at our flagship expo
with a knowledge base for Renewable Energy India 2017. The masterclasses will help impart
innovations behind micro- knowledge on the latest best practices for the use of microinvert-
inverter technologies, and to ers globally for solar generation. These sessions will definitely help
understand more effectively the industry put into practice this knowledge for Indias residential
how microinverters are best solar market.
suited for the Indian roof-
top solar photovoltaic (PV)
market. Attendees will learn
about the latest microinverter Nathan Dunn, managing director of Enphase Asia-Pacific said,
technology trends and ways Enphase is delighted to be working with UBM India to launch these
to manage microinverters for microinverter technology masterclasses. There is a significant po-
Indias climate and environ- tential for the adoption of microinverters in the residential segment
as India has placed a huge emphasis on solar energy. We hope to
mental conditions.
generate greater awareness through these masterclasses about

o be held at the India microinverters and how they can play a part in driving greater
Expo Centre in Greater quality and reliability for Indias solar industry.
Noida from September
20-22, 2017, these master-
classes are complimentary for

all exhibition delegates. They
will be conducted by Duncan nphase Microinverter System offers higher performance
MacGregor, Enphase Energys and smarter insights for rooftop solar PV systems. It is
Asia-Pacific product trainer simple to install and is designed to provide installers with
& field applications engineer the flexibility to optimise their rooftop PV installations.
from Melbourne, Australia. Enphase leads the industry in reliability and quality with
microinverters that will reduce installation and mainte-
nance costs and offer greater value to customers.

80 EQ August 2017

TMEIC Introduces Next Generation
3.2MW Inverter
TMEIC Corporation
in Roanoke, Va.
introduces the
next generation
SAMURAI Inverters,
approved for outdoor
installation. The new
inverter is the latest
addition to TMEICs
portfolio of PV utility-
scale solar inverters
for industrial
markets, offering
3.2MW at 1500V.
Unique features include:

Proprietary 3 Level Inverter Topology

uilt on Maximized and optimized efficiency
of engi- Wide MPPT range (875Vdc 1300Vdc) allowing
neering experi- for best-in-class DC/AC Ratios
ence with pow- Flexible DC-input configuration to meet complex
er electronics, array configuration
SOLAR WARE Designed for extreme environments, including
SAMURAI in- desert heat and salt prevention
verters offer the
industrys most Designed to meet utility scale grid interconnec-
advanced grid tion requirements
in an efficient, The SOLAR WARE SAMURAI 3.2MW model advances
compact foot- the revolutionary design of the SOLAR WARE series,
print. The new providing greater power and efficiency to the solar
inverters will be
industry, Donn Samsa, TMEIC Renewable Energy General
available in mid-
Manager said. This next generation inverter is the result
of decades of research and development to create the
most advanced inverters in the industry. EQ August 2017 81

Subscribe EQ International at or
fill your complete address and Email to :- or Call 0731 4222268 Arctech Solar............................................Front Gate Fold

Yes! I would like to Subscribe to AVI SOLAR...............................................................................11

EQ International Magazine
APAR Industries.....................................................(Popup) 14
For 1 Issue: Indian citizens Rs. 200
o International $ 25 / 20
EQ subscription ...................................................................41

For 1 Year (12 issues): Ganges internationale..........................................................5

Indian citizens Rs. 2400
o International $ 300 / 240
GCL............................................................................(Popup) 04

Please Mail the coupon to: HUAWEI TELECOMMUNICATIONS.............................Back COVER

Job Title:--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Department: --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Inter solar............................................................................27

jinko solar.........................................................front COVER
Description of the Company: ----------------------------------------------------

Adress:----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- JA SOLAR..........................................................Back Gate Fold

Jurchen Technologies........................................................17
City/State/Zip Code:-----------------------------------------------------------------

Country:--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Kstar........................................................................(Popup) 13

QC Solar.................................................................................19

E-Mail. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Lerri Solar................................................ INSIDE fRONT Left
Web site:--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Lightway... .............................................................................21
TBEA.............................................................INSIDE BACK RIGHT
1.- My Cheque/DD in favour of FirstSource Energy India Private
for Rs Vikram solar.......................................... ...............(Popup) 03
Drawn onis enclosed here-


2.- I will pay by Credit Card

Name on Card:..............................................................
Security Code: ..............................................................
Expiration Date:.............................................................

Mail this coup on to: FirstSource Energy India Pvt. Ltd. Subscription Department.
95 C, Sampat Farms, Bicholi Mardana Distt-Indore 452016
Tel. + 91 96441 22268 ,


82 EQ August 2017 EQ August 2017 83