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Which of these barometric instruments uses a restrictor to compute its output?

Track altitude in a radio altimeter system begins at - 2 500 ft radio alt.
What is the maximum radio altimeter track altitude? - 2,500 ft.
An ECAM system is tested under the following conditions:- Aircraft on the ground
with parking brake set/on.
Which instrument are most likely to damage if you have a rapid drop in pressure,
when carrying out a pitot-static leak check? - Altimeter.
The runway heading is - QFU.
Apparent drift of a vertical gyro is a function of - cos of latitude.
A machmeter works - always.
Radio marker information is displayed on - ADI.
Angle of Attack alarm is sounding too close to stall. Rectification is to - move
probe up.
Explanation. Move probe up, closer to the Leading Edge stagnation point, so it
operates sooner.
Where is alpha angle used? - Angle of Attack.
Where is the spinup/rundown brake on a gyro instrument? - Inner gimbal.
On replacing a pre-indexed flux valve you would - fit the serviceable pre indexed
flux valve into the same position as the unserviceable pre-indexed flux valve was
removed from.
In Airways flying, what is the barometric scale of the altimeter set to? - 1013.25.
Explanation. 1013.25 mb or QNE.
Vibration monitoring signals are sent - via a signal conditioner to the gauge.
The vacuum system gauge reads 5 inches of mercury. This is from - ambient and
Explanation. The 5 inches Hg refers to the 'suction' from ambient.
A direct reading Bourdon gauge has a restriction in the inlet. This is to - dampen
sudden pressure changes.
Explanation. The restriction is to damp out surges in pressure.
The hot junction of thermocouple is - aft of combustion chamber.
Explanation. The hot junction is the sensor, aft of the combustion chamber.
When a rad. alt. reaches 2,500 ft. what happens to the display? - Rad. alt. goes
out of view.
Pitot tubes are heated - electrically.
The suction gauge reads 5 inches of mercury. This is - below ambient pressure.
Explanation. The 5 inches Hg refers to the 'suction' from ambient.
What are the primary colours for use in CRT displays? - Red, blue, green.
Alpha vane signal could be fed to _________________ ________________ when close to
stall. - thrust levers.
When performing maintenance operations on an aircraft equipped with RVSM system,
and a quick release disconnect connection is disturbed - a full test of the system
should be carried out.
For aircraft certificated after 1997 and with RVSM, the maximum tolerance for the
system would be - +/- 200 feet plus +/- 50 feet for instrument error.
The HSI provides information on - VOR, plan, map, ILS, radar.
Explanation. Attitude is on the EADI.
The sensing element of the flux valve - remains in the same position attached to
the aircraft structure.
In a compass swing: North error -2 degrees, South error - 2 degrees. The
coefficient C is - 0 degrees.
When aligning an aircraft for a compass swing, the maximum allowable error is - 5
The pitot head is fitted on the aircraft. The alignment of pitot head is carried
out with - an inclinometer.
What kind of gyro is a rate gyro? - Tied down. (A rate gyro has only 2 axis of
A radio altimeter system can be self tested - both on the ground only and in the
The apparent wander for directional gyros is - compensated by applying a constant
The Directional Gyro is checked every 15 minutes for - drift.
Random drift of a gyro is caused by - gyro friction and unbalance.
Standby Compass adjusting magnets (Flinders Bars) exert the most amount of
influence - when 90 degrees apart.
Explanation. Angle between flinders bars determines their correcting influence.
With engine static and engine blanks fitted, EPR gauge reads just above 1 - Gauge
requires re-calibration.
Coefficient A is adjusted - on any heading.
With an aircraft which has more than one compass system - master adjusted, slave
adjusted, each having a corrected compass card.
A DC electrical cable must be positioned how far away from a compass? - 24 inches.
Which pitot probe provides information to the captains instruments? - Upper.
On the CWP, what does amber indicate? - Cautionary info.
Which instrument shows Decision Height? - ADI.
Where does the HSI receive GND speed information from? - INS.
When power is switched off, the gimbal brake - restricts inner gimbal.
Explanation. Used for gimbal lock prevention. Energised off.
On an EADI the command bars show the - required flight path compared with aircraft
The airdata computer inputs to - altimeter, FMC, secondary radar.
Explanation. FMC for nav. Secondary Radar is ATC transponder encoder.
What deviation is indicated by 2 dots in a VOR system? - 10.
Explanation. (Note: VOR is 5 per dot. ILS is 2 1/2 per dot).
How may the basic principle of the radio altimeter be described? - As a measure of
the time between a RF pulse transmission and the reception of its echo from the
ground directly below the aircraft.
In a compass system, what senses the horizontal component of the earths magnetic
field and where is it normally fitted? - Flux detectors fitted in the wing tips.
An RMI has inputs from VOR and - an azimuth gyro.
In a modern HSI, the displays are - course and direction.
At what height does the rising runway appear? - 200ft.
An H on the EHSI indicates - DME hold.
Compared to air driven gyros, the electric gyro runs - faster.
A pneumatic indicator takes its indications from - reservoir.
What is apparent drift due to? - Earth's rotation.
An aircraft airspeed indicator has - pitot to the capsule and static to the out
side of the capsule.
Above 2500 ft. the rad. Alt - pointer is hidden behind a mask with off flag out of
How does a machmeter work? - True airspeed and speed of sound.
When changing a pitot static instrument with quick release couplings - a leak check
is only required if stated by manufacturer.
The flux detector element - gives heading with respect to magnetic north.
If rate feedback in a flight director goes open circuit, position indication will -
The needle of a resolver is connected to - two coils only.
If the compass fluid has bubbles at low altitude - this is due to insufficient de-
A remote compass compensator unit is replaced. Which of the following is correct? -
A compass swing must be performed.
A compass has a residual deviation of +1 degree. To steer a true heading of 180
degrees the pilot must steer - 179 degrees.
How is a leading edge flap position indicated in the cockpit? - Torque synchro.
In a Machmeter, what type of compensation is there? - Compensation is not required.

What effect on the rate of precession will a change of gyro rotor speed have? -
Increase the rotor speed, decrease the rate of precession.
A gyroscopic body has its rigidity increased by - increasing the rotor speed.
If a constant torque is applied to a gyroscope, the rate of precessio - increases
with a lower rotor speed.
Random drift of a gyro is caused by - unbalance and bearing friction in the gyro.
A pendulous vane type erection system fitted to a gyro horizon works on the
principle of - increased reaction of the air from a fully open port.
During the normal straight and level flight, the gyro of an electrical artificial
horizon is kept erect in pitch by a - torque motor fitted between the outer gimbal
ring and the case controlled by a mercury switch in the fore and aft axis.
The normal erection supply to the mercury switches of the artificial horizon is
disconnected - during turns.
The pitch/bank erection system is used in an electrical gyro horizon to - to
prevent the pitch switch giving a false indication due to centrifugal effects
during a turn.
The fast erection push on an electrical gyro horizon must not be used for a set
period after switching on because - excessive hunting will take place.
Apparent drift of a directional gyro is due to - the effect of the earth's
The erection system on a directional gyroscope has - a switch on the inner gimbal
controlling a motor on the outer gimbal.
In a rate gyro used to detect movements about a vertical axis, the amount the
gimbal ring moves would be increased if the - rotor speed decreases.
The Turn and Slip indicator employs - a rate gyro.
In a Turn and Slip indicator, the effect of increasing the rotor speed would be -
it would under read.
How is the information on a directional gyro outer gimbal taken off? - By a flux
take-off device.
Why is a directional gyro inner gimbal restricted to +/- 85? - To prevent gyro
going into gimbal lock.
The speed of the rotor in a Turn and Slip indicator is approximately - 4,200 rpm.
In a directional gyro, the inner/outer gimbal is corrected to -15 sine latitude.
The electrolyte switches used in gyro systems rely upon - change in resistance to
Precession of a gyro depends on - angular velocity of the rotor only and moment of
inertia of the rotor only.
Angular momentum of a gyro rotor depends on - moment of inertia and angular
velocity of the rotor.
Air driven gyros, compared to electric gyros, generally rotate - slower.
Gyro rigidity is proportional to - mass, speed and radius of mass from spin axis.
Gyro precessional force is - directly proportional to applied force.
The speed of a vacuum driven gyro horizon rotor is approximately - 15000 rpm.
A V.S.I. is connected to - static pressure.
With a V.S.I. pointer at position 1 on the upper half of the scale it indicate -
1,000 ft/minute rate of climb.
After disconnecting the supply to an electrically operated gyro instrument it is
recommended that, to allow the gyro rotor to stop, before moving the instrument -
fifteen minutes should elapse.
The Port and Starboard static vents on an aircraft are inter-connected to - cancel
errors caused in the static system when the aircraft yaws.
Which of the following would cause a displacement gyro to topple? - Running gyro
at low speed.
In level flight, a V.S.I. will indicate - horizontal to left.
On descent, the pressure in a V.S.I. capsule - leads the case pressure.
A small constant leak in the case of V.S.I. fitted in a pressurized aircraft would,
during level flight, cause the instrument to indicate - zero.
When a force is applied to a horizontal gyro, the precession of the rotor will
continue until - plane of rotation is in line with the plane of the applied force.
An artificial horizon has - the inner gimbal pivoted laterally.
A pressure of one atmosphere is equal to - 14.7psi.
In the directional gyro - the outer gimbal is pivoted vertically.
In the Turn and Slip indicator - the spin axis is lateral.
In an altimeter, the - capsule is evacuated and sealed.
The units on the calibrated scale of a V.S.I. are expressed in - hundreds of feet
per minute.
A standby air supply for gyro operation could be obtained from - a venturi.
At the lowest point of each vent line you would normally find a - self draining
non-return valve.
A rate two turn is - 360 degrees per minute.
The rate of turn information from a turn coordinator (compared to a Turn and Slip)
is - more accurate.
Temperature correction in a sensitive altimeter mechanism is provided by a - bi-
metal U-spring acting on the capsule.
The capsule in a vertical speed indicator will be expanded when the aircraft is -
After replacing an instrument of the pitot-static group, it is necessary to - carry
out a leak test on the appropriate system(s).
If the pitot and static pipe lines were cross connected at the instrument panel
connection, application of pressure to the pitot head would cause the - altimeter
reading to decrease, vertical speed indicator to indicate descent.
A constant force applied to the inner gimbal of a vertical gyro would cause - a
continual precession in roll.
A rate of turn indicator dial marked '2 minutes' refers to a - rate 1 turn.
A pitot or static leak check is carried out - whenever the pitot or static systems
are disturbed.
The temperature of boiling water at standard pressure on the Fahrenheit and
Centigrade scale is - 212 deg. and 100 deg. Respectively.
A temperature of 59F is equivalent to - 15C.
Aircraft heading (HDG) is - the angle between True North and the longitudinal axis
of the aircraft.
Wind angle is the direction of the wind measured - in degrees from True North.
Limit stops are fitted in an artificial horizon to - prevent gimbal lock.
The electrical output from a remote gyro to an attitude director indicator is - by
a control synchro.
Agonic lines link places of - zero variation.
Position error is caused by - pitot head position.
Damping on a RATE GYRO can be either - viscous, eddy current or air dash pot.
In a ratiometer temperature indicating circuit, there is a break in the circuit to
the bulb. This will give - full scale deflection. Explanation. Think of it
this way - resistance increases with temperature, and that drives it toward fsd. If
the bulb circuit is broken, the resistance will be infinite.
With the gyro at normal running speed, a torque applied to the inner gimbal ring of
a vertical gyro will cause the - outer ring to move.
When an aircraft is descending, the pressure in the altimeter case - will cause the
aneroid capsule to contract.
The supply of Desynn indicating system - is direct current.
A sensitive altimeter reading 100 ft. when the millibar scale is set to the
atmospheric pressure at airfield level (QFE) - indicates that the instrument is
After using a pitot-static test set the pressure in the aircraft static system
should be released to the atmosphere by - venting the static system via an internal
bleed in the test set.
An altimeter is operated - by the static system.
What is the purpose of the bimetallic strip in the altimeter? - Corrects for
capsule elasticity.
Which axis does the directional gyro spin on? - Horizontal.
The capsule in an altimeter responds to - absolute pressure.
The aeroplane monitor on the artificial horizon is fitted to the - instrument
True airspeed in an Air Data Computer is a function of - mach number and
The advantage of an instantaneous V.S.I. over a conventional one is - it has an
accelerometer which prevents the lag of a conventional one.
For a particular I.A.S. as the density decreases with altitude, the T.A.S -
The type of gyro used in a gyro compass is a - directional gyro.
A desiccant used in the storage of instruments - is silica-gel.
Bourdon Tubes have - oval cross section.
In a Bourdon tube - one end is sealed and the other end open to the pressure
Pressure gauge calibrators (Dead Weight Testers) use the - Brahm's press principle.
The fluid suitable for use in a Dead Weight Tester is - castor oil.
The distance readout on an HSI is - from the aircraft DME system.
A gyroscope having one plane of freedom at right angles to the plane of rotation,
and its gimbal restrained either electrically or by a spring, is known as - a rate
What is the purpose of the hair spring in a Bourdon tube pressure gauge? - To
reduce 'backlash'.
The ADIs attitude information is normally obtained from the aircraft's - vertical
One dot VOR deviation represents - 5.
An instrument used for measuring negative pressures - cannot be of the Bourdon tube
An absolute pressure gauge measures - the applied pressure referred to a perfect
Gauge pressure as indicated on a direct reading Bourdon Tube pressure gauge is
equal to - absolute pressure minus atmospheric pressure.
The to/from indicator on an HSI informs the pilot of which direction he is tracking
relative to - a VOR station.
A pressure gauge, such as a hydraulic brake pressure gauge, indicates 1,000 p.s.i.
In terms of absolute pressure, this represents - 1,014.7 p.s.i.
To fill a Dead Weight Tester - screw out hand wheel and fill reservoir.
With an aircraft on the ground and QNH set on the millibar scale of the altimeter,
the altimeter will read - the airfield height.
When checking a sensitive altimeter on a pre-flight inspection - the ambient air
pressure is set on the millibar scale.
Explanation. QFE is set and it should read airfield height.
The HSI compass card is positioned by the - compass system.
The applied pressure to an A.S.I. varies with the - square of the speed.
The supply to an A.S.I. - are pitot and static pressure.
The capsule for an A.S.I. will be expanding when the aircraft is - accelerating.
The deflection of the ADI command bars when flying a localiser approach is
proportional to - the difference between the amplitudes on the two modulations.
If an aircraft is flying straight and level in still air, airspeed will be - equal
to ground speed.
If an aircraft flying in still air at 400 knots, encounters a head wind of 50
knots, its ground speed is - 350 knots.
To provide a linear scale on an A.S.I., a - ranging bar and screws are fitted.
A machmeter is an instrument which indicates the speed of - the aircraft relative
to the local sonic speed.
The moving element of a ratiometer has - two coils.
When carrying out a pressure leak test on an altimeter, you are checking for leaks
in the - instrument case.
If an altimeter millibar scale was set to 1013.25 and the barometric pressure at
that time was 1020, the altimeter should read - below zero feet (negative
Explanation. Assuming aircraft is on the ground.
An aircraft flying towards a VOR station shows indications of 120 and 'TO'. After
passing over the station, on the same course, the indications will be - 120 and
The command bars in a flight director system indicate - the required path with
respect to actual path.
When changing a windscreen panel which has a standby magnetic compass located in
the vicinity - precautions must be taken to ensure that the attachment bolts are of
the specified type.
On a conventional RMI the angle between the compass datum and the radio pointer
arrow is - the relative bearing.
A compass is made aperiodic by - using fluid.
Isogonal lines link places of - equal variation.
In an artificial horizon Pendulosity Error is caused by - bottom heaviness of inner
If True Airspeed is 470 knots, what is the Equivalent Air speed? - 278 knots.
Explanation. True airspeed is always higher than EAS (or IAS) at any altitude
above Sea Level.
If the Airspeed Indicator reading is 300 Knots, what is the Calibrated Airspeed? -
304 knots.
In an Artificial Horizon, Erection Error is caused by - displacement of erection
control device.
A Vertical Speed indicator Metering Unit Consist of - an orifice and a capillary.
Flux Valve senses angle of horizontal component with respect to the aircraft's -
longitudinal axis.
The manual VOR input is for - the course deviation bar.
After correction of the north-south heading reading on a compass swing, the
resultant correction is known as - residual deviation.
Apparent drift on directional gyro is corrected by - an adjustment nut on inner
If a micro adjuster is replaced in a compass system, you would - carry out a new
compass swing.
In a compass swing: North error -2 degrees, South error + 2 degrees. The
coefficient C is - (-2) degrees.
Purpose of Altitude Alerting is to warn the pilot of - approach to or deviation
from selected altitude.
Aircraft certified before 1997 with RVSM, maximum tolerance for the system is - +/-
300ft system, +/-50ft for instrument error.
Machmeters work on - pitot and static.
An aircraft with Mach warning will warn - when Mcrit is reached.
An HSI provides what information? - VOR, plan, ILS, map, radar.
Compressibility error in a pitot head is caused by - compression of air in the tube
at high speed.
The earth's magnetic field is - vertical at the poles, horizontal at the magnetic
There is an air bubble in the compass: - It is due to high altitude.
A flux detector output is a - A.C. voltage at twice the frequency of the excitation