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Engineering Survey Laboratory |1

POLITEKNIK MERLIMAU
KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN TINGGI
KB 1031, Pejabat Pos Merlimau,
77300 Merlimau,
MELAKA, MALAYSIA

CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


POLITEKNIK MERLIMAU MELAKA

ENGINEERING SURVEY LABORATORY

|DCC3093 - ENGINEERING SURVEY 2|

PRACTICAL 3 : SETTING OUT


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PERATURAN MAKMAL / BENGKEL


*********************************

1. KEHADIRAN
a) Pelajar dikehendaki berada di makmal/ bengkel sebelum waktu bermula yang ditetapkan untuk
urusan merekodkan kedatangan dan membaca arahan makmal/ bengkel.

b) Pelajar yang datang lewat dikehendaki meminta kebenaran dari pensyarah berkenaan sama ada
boleh menjalankan ujikaji/ amali atau praktikal atau tidak, jika lewat 15 minit tanpa alasan yang
munasabah, tidak akan dicatatkan kedatangannya

c) Pelajar dibenarkan meninggalkan makmal/ bengkel hanya setelah siap ujikaji/ amali atau praktikal,
membersihkan peralatan dan menyusun semula kelengkapan makmal/ bengkel serta dengan
kebenaran dari pensyarah bertugas

d) Pelajar yang bercuti pada hari ujikaji/ amali atau praktikal hendaklah menggantikan kerja makmalnya
pada waktu lain dengan mengemukakan surat cuti kepada pensyarah berkenaan

2. DISIPLIN DI MAKMAL/BENGKEL
a) Pelajar hendaklah berpakaian yang sopan mengikut peraturan yang telah ditetapkan oleh politeknik,
tidak dibenarkan memakai selipar dan tidak dibenarkan makan, minum dan merokok semasa
menjalankan ujikaji/ amali atau praktikal (untuk praktikal di padang, pelajar digalakkan membawa
makanan seperti roti, biskut serta air sendiri untuk memberikan tenaga tambahan)

b) Sebarang kerosakan alat makmal/ bengkel, hendaklah dilaporkan segera kepada kakitangan yang
bertugas

c) Pelajar tidak dibenarkan menyentuh peralatan yang tidak berkaitan dengan ujikaji/ amali atau
praktikal yang dijalankan atau membawa keluar barangan kepunyaan makmal/ bengkel.

d) Pelajar perlu mendapatkan kebenaran untuk menggunakan peralatan di dalam makmal/bengkel

3. LAPORAN MAKMAL
a) Setiap pelajar hendaklah membaca arahan makmal/ bengkel, serta memahami teori-teori ujikaji/
amali atau praktikal sebelum masuk ke makmal/bengkel

b) Laporan hendaklah dihantar dalam masa 7 hari dari tarikh ujikaji/ amali atau praktikal dijalankan

c) Penulisan laporan hendaklah mengikut format yang telah ditetapkan

d) Kelewatan menghantar laporan akan menyebabkan pemotongan markah sebayak 25 % bagi setiap
hari kelewatan kecuali atas sebab-sebab tertentu dan mendapat persetujuan pensyarah

e) Pelajar yang tidak menjalankan ujikaji, tidak akan diterima laporan makmalnya bagi tajuk ujikaji/ amali
atau praktikal tersebut
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PRACTICAL LAB REPORT CONTENTS:

1. PAGE AND CONTENTS

2. DETAILS OF PRACTICAL
2.1. Site Detail (with location layout)
2.2. Equipment and functions (with photos)
2.3. Procedure of practical

3. DATA & RESULTS


3.1. Data calculating
3.2. Result:
3.2.1 Picture field work setting out

4. DISCUSSIONS / CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS


4.1. Question and Answer / Discussion
4.2. Conclusion (* relate the result and achievement of field work)
4.3. Suggestions and Improvements

LEARNING OUTCOMES: UPON COMPLETION OF THESE PRACTICAL, STUDENTS


SHOULD UNDERSTAND

1. What is the definition of Setting Out

2. The purpose of setting out

3. Equipment and instruments used in setting out

4. What are the techniques to perform setting out

5. How to conduct setting out of all Three techniques

6. The design and the output of setting out practical

7. The calculation related to setting out

8. Sketched plan of design and setting out plan


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PRACTICAL : Practical 3

TITLE OF PRACTICAL : Setting out (Building basement, Drainage /Trench, pipeline )

OBJECTIVE : To practise setting out in field work


1. Setting out for a building basement
2. Level checking for drainage/ trench.
3. Level checking for pipeline (on the ground)

THEORY : Refer Lecture Notes

Student are advised to show knowledge, practical skills, leadership and teamwork skills
for marking purposed in these field work tasks.
.

PRACTICAL FOR SETTING OUT SURVEYING

GROUP TASK 1

Setting out for a building basement

List Of Instruments:
1. Theodolit + plum bop 1 unit
2. Tripod 1 unit
3. Ranging Pole 2 units
4. Arrows 5 units
5. Measurement tape 1 unit
6. Wood picket 10 units
7. Construction String 1 unit
8. Hammer 1 unit
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JKA Mini Rest House


Politeknik Merlimau Melaka
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Ground marking for building baseline

1. Find some space which is flat ground anywhere inside campus area (refer to Lecturer)
2. You are going to do this task with digital theodolite and 30 meter measurement tape. You
also provided with ranging pole and arrows.
3. Locate baseline point S1 and then S2 so do S3 According to setting out plan given to you.
Make sure you are using the finest bearing and distance.
4. Along the S1-S2 and S1-S3 baselines, there are several references point that you have to
knock for checking purpose. There are L1, L2, L3, L4 and L5.
5. Make sure all the offset pegs were firmly knock in and the inner angle of S1 should be 90.
6. Begin to mark the building baseline points start from B1 and finish by B10 according to the
point form given. Make sure you knock the peg firmly into its position and also to the
length you measure with measuring tape must be exact to its direction.
7. When you done with all those pegs, bind your provided construction string towards your
pegs start from offset pegs to another opposites pegs. You will reveal that pegs you
knocked inside rest house will be in the lines along with the string.
8. Record errors and refine your error of there any.

Layout for 12x15


Mini rest House in
Polteknik Merlimau
Melaka.
*All in unit meter
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GROUP TASK 2

Level Checking For Drainage / Trench

List Of Instruments:
1. Automatic Level 1 unit
2. Tripod 1 unit
3. Staf 2 unit
4. Measurement Tape 1 unit
5. Wood Picket 10 unit
6. Hammer 1 unit

Setting out using Auto Level (Drainage Depth and alignment Checking)

1. Determine the drain start and the end point. Put an arrow on to each point. (10 meter)
2. Measure the long section of the drain. Put a mark (peg) every 1 meter along a side of the
drain (one side only) and take measure.
3. Setup auto level instrument on the ground near to the marked point. Make sure all point
reading can be reach with staff.
4. Begin to take staff reading at the invert, ground and peg heights for every chainages (CH).
5. Record and sketch properly all the data collected.
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