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Document: HSE.ESR.

001

Revision: 4.0

Section Health, Safety & Environment Management System Issued: 2017

Subject Electrical Safety Rules Approved: CEO

Electrical
Safety Rules

Revision 4.0

2017

Approved

Chief Executive Officer:

Serial no, ..

Page 1
Document: HSE.ESR.001

Revision: 4.0

Section Health, Safety & Environment Management System Issued: 2017

Subject Electrical Safety Rules Approved: CEO

Document change record:

Revision Date Description / pages Prepared by Approved by


No. affected

2.0 June Adopted from Ministry Terry Sheppard, Hamed Al


2011 of Housing, Electricity HSE Adviser Maghderi, CEO
& Water Safety Rules

3.0 October Complete Revision Tariq Khan, Hamed Al


2013 (Electricity) Company Adviser Maghderi, CEO

4.0 2017 Full Review Robert Booth, Mohammed Al


(Electrical) Regulatory Advisor Ghassani,
Acting CEO

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Document: HSE.ESR.001

Revision: 4.0

Section Health, Safety & Environment Management System Issued: 2017

Subject Electrical Safety Rules Approved: CEO

Receipt

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 4.0 (2016)

I acknowledge receipt of this copy, serial no, ..

(Name)

(Company & Employee No.)

(Signed)

. ... (Date)

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Document: HSE.ESR.001

Revision: 4.0

Section Health, Safety & Environment Management System Issued: 2017

Subject Electrical Safety Rules Approved: CEO

blank page

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Document: HSE.ESR.001

Revision: 4.0

Section Health, Safety & Environment Management System Issued: 2017

Subject Electrical Safety Rules Approved: CEO

Receipt (copy)

ELECTRICAL SAFETY RULES

VERSION 4.0 (2016)

I acknowledge receipt of this copy, serial no, ..

(Name)

(Signed)

.. (Company & Employee No.)

. ... (Date)

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Document: HSE.ESR.001

Revision: 4.0

Section Health, Safety & Environment Management System Issued: 2017

Subject Electrical Safety Rules Approved: CEO

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Document: HSE.ESR.001

Revision: 4.0

Section Health, Safety & Environment Management System Issued: 2017

Subject Electrical Safety Rules Approved: CEO

CONTENTS
1 GENERAL PROVISIONS .................................................................................... 11

1.1 COMPANY SAFETY POLICY................................................... 11

1.2 DUTIES .................................................................................... 11

1.3 ISSUE OF SAFETY RULES ..................................................... 11

1.4 FIRST AID ................................................................................ 12

1.5 DANGEROUS OCCURRENCES AND ACCIDENTS ................ 12

1.6 FAILURE OF SUPPLY ............................................................. 12

1.7 TRAINEES ............................................................................... 12

1.8 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT ................................ 12

2 DEFINITIONS ...................................................................................................... 13

2.1 DEFINED TERMS .................................................................... 13


2.1.1 Appointed Persons...................................................... 13
2.1.2 Approved .................................................................... 14
2.1.3 Caution Notice ............................................................ 14
2.1.4 Company .................................................................... 14
2.1.5 Control Engineer ......................................................... 14
2.1.6 Danger Notice ............................................................. 14
2.1.7 Dead ........................................................................... 14
2.1.8 Earthed ....................................................................... 14
2.1.9 High Voltage (HV) ....................................................... 15
2.1.10 Low Voltage (LV) ........................................................ 15
2.1.11 Live ............................................................................. 15
2.1.12 Safety Rules ............................................................... 15
2.1.13 Safety Documents....................................................... 15
2.1.14 Safety Lock ................................................................. 16

3 SAFE SYSTEMS OF WORK ............................................................................... 17

3.1 ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS ......................................................... 17

3.2 KEY PRINCIPLES .................................................................... 17


3.2.1 Work Planning ............................................................ 18

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Subject Electrical Safety Rules Approved: CEO

3.2.2 Control and Operation Records................................... 18


3.2.3 Equipment Isolation Procedures ................................. 18
3.2.4 Safety Documents....................................................... 18
3.2.5 Tools, Equipment and PPE ......................................... 19
3.2.6 Work Supervision ........................................................ 19
3.2.7 Appointed Persons...................................................... 19

3.3 OTHER SAFETY PROCEDURES ............................................ 19


3.3.1 Fire Protection Systems .............................................. 20
3.3.2 Excavation Near Live Cables ...................................... 20
3.3.3 Confined Spaces......................................................... 20
3.3.4 Work at Height ............................................................ 20
3.3.5 Line Patrol................................................................... 21
3.3.6 Work on Towers or Structures Supporting Live High
Voltage Conductors .................................................... 21
3.3.7 Public Safety ............................................................... 21

4 WORK ON HIGH VOLTAGE EQUIPMENT .......................................................... 22

4.1 BASIC PROCEDURE ............................................................... 22

4.2 SWITCHING AND CONTROL .................................................. 24


4.2.1 Switching records........................................................ 24
4.2.2 Network diagrams ....................................................... 24
4.2.3 Network Control .......................................................... 24

4.3 ISOLATION AND EARTHING................................................... 25


4.3.1 Identification and Proving Dead .................................. 25
4.3.2 Safety Locks ............................................................... 25
4.3.3 Circuit Main Earths...................................................... 25
4.3.4 Flexible Earthing Leads............................................... 25
4.3.5 Additional Earths and Drain Earths ............................. 26
4.3.6 Ring Main Units .......................................................... 26
4.3.7 Busbars of Multi-panel Switchboards .......................... 27
4.3.8 Feeder and Voltage Transformer Spouts, and Single
Panel Switchgear ........................................................ 27
4.3.9 HV Cables................................................................... 28
4.3.10 High Voltage Overhead Lines ..................................... 29

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Section Health, Safety & Environment Management System Issued: 2017

Subject Electrical Safety Rules Approved: CEO

4.3.11 Capacitor Banks ......................................................... 32

4.4 EXPOSED HIGH VOLTAGE CONDUCTORS .......................... 33


4.4.1 Approach to HV conductors ........................................ 33
4.4.2 Demarcation near exposed HV conductors ................. 35
4.4.3 Tree cutting ................................................................. 35
4.4.4 Live line insulator washing .......................................... 35

4.5 TESTING AND COMMISSIONING ........................................... 36

4.6 SAFETY DOCUMENTS............................................................ 37


4.6.1 Authority for Issue, Receipt, Clearance and
Cancellation ................................................................ 37
4.6.2 Supervision of Work .................................................... 38
4.6.3 Clearance and Cancellation ........................................ 38

4.7 CROSS BOUNDARY OPERATIONS ....................................... 39

4.8 SPECIAL EQUIPMENT ............................................................ 39


4.8.1 Remotely or Automatically Controlled Equipment........ 39
4.8.2 Rotating Machines ...................................................... 39
4.8.3 Equipment Containing Compressed Gas .................... 40
4.8.4 Equipment Containing Sulphur Hexafluoride (SF6) ..... 40

5 WORK ON LOW VOLTAGE EQUIPMENT .......................................................... 41

5.1 GENERAL PRECAUTIONS ...................................................... 41

5.2 WORK ON LOW VOLTAGE CABLES ...................................... 41

5.3 WORK ON LOW VOLTAGE OVERHEAD LINES ..................... 42


5.3.1 Isolation and Earthing ................................................. 42
5.3.2 Poles Supporting Both LV and HV Apparatus ............. 42

6 List of APProved procedures ............................................................................... 44

7 APPROVED FORMS & NOTICES ....................................................................... 45

7.1 Electrical Safety Document ....................................................... 45

7.2 Limited Access Permit .............................................................. 46

7.3 Switching Schedule .................................................................. 47

7.4 System Log Book ..................................................................... 48

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Subject Electrical Safety Rules Approved: CEO

7.5 Operational Safety Notices ....................................................... 49

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Document: HSE.ESR.001

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Subject Electrical Safety Rules Approved: CEO

1 GENERAL PROVISIONS

1.1 COMPANY SAFETY POLICY

The Company accepts and recognises its legal and moral responsibilities for
ensuring the safe design, construction, operation and maintenance of equipment
and the provision of safe systems of work which protect the health and safety of
employees, contractors and the public. These responsibilities rank equally with
all other business objectives of the Company.

These Safety Rules form part of the Companys overall Health, Safety and
Environment Management System.

1.2 DUTIES

It is the duty of all persons working on the Companys systems and apparatus to
comply with these Safety Rules as well as all other relevant statutory and
Company requirements, and to discharge their responsibilities in a professional
and conscientious manner.

Every individual carries the primary responsibility for safety of himself.

1.3 ISSUE OF SAFETY RULES

A copy of the Safety Rules shall be issued to such employees, contractors and
other service providers as may be concerned with operation, construction,
maintenance or other work on the Companys systems.

The Safety Rules will be issued to all Authorised and Senior Authorised
Persons and a signed receipt will be kept by the Company HSE Department.

Revisions or amendments of the Safety Rules will be issued to all recipients from
time to time, and suitable records kept. Guidance notes, Approved procedures
and special operating instructions may also be issued by the Company to
recipients of the Safety Rules.

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Document: HSE.ESR.001

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Section Health, Safety & Environment Management System Issued: 2017

Subject Electrical Safety Rules Approved: CEO

1.4 FIRST AID

All persons to whom these Safety Rules are issued shall be provided with First
Aid training, which shall include the treatment for electric shock. A brief reference
of First Aid instructions and guidance shall be issued together with the Safety
Rules.

1.5 DANGEROUS OCCURRENCES AND ACCIDENTS

All dangerous occurrences and accidents shall be immediately reported to the


Control Engineer as well as other relevant authorities in line with the Company
reporting procedures.

Following any incident where there is a suspected breach of RAEC Safety Rules,
the authorisation of all Appointed Persons directly involved in the incident shall
be immediately suspended, pending the outcome of a full incident investigation.

1.6 FAILURE OF SUPPLY

A failure of supply from whatever cause, to or from any part of the high voltage
systems shall be immediately reported to the Control Engineer.

During failures of supply, all apparatus, equipment and conductors shall be


regarded as being Live until isolated and Proved Dead.

1.7 TRAINEES

A copy of the Safety Rules shall be issued to persons undergoing training, but
trainees may only work on or near the Companys systems under the direct
supervision of an appropriately Authorised or Senior Authorised Person.

1.8 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

All persons working on or near Company systems must use appropriate Person
Protective Equipment (PPE). The policy for PPE will be defined by the Company
including the requirements for PPE in different work conditions.

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Document: HSE.ESR.001

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Section Health, Safety & Environment Management System Issued: 2017

Subject Electrical Safety Rules Approved: CEO

2 DEFINITIONS

2.1 DEFINED TERMS

Words defined in this section appear in the Safety Rules in bold type.

2.1.1 Appointed Persons

Persons assessed and authorised, under an approved procedure, to undertake


specific operational duties on electrical systems/apparatus. Such persons will be
issued a Certificate of Authorisation stating the categories and types of work that
may be undertaken and any limitations (e.g. Power Station systems only):

(a) Competent Person (CP)


A person who has sufficient technical knowledge and experience to
receive work instructions and avoid danger. This may include
responsibility to ensure the safety of other persons in a work group, and
to sign for receipt of safety documents (i.e. Permit to Work, Limited
Access Permit but not a Sanction for Test).

(b) Authorised Person (AP)


A person who has sufficient technical knowledge and experience to
establish safety for work and issue instructions to Competent Persons,
for specific categories of work for which he has been appointed by the
Company. An Authorised Person may carry out LV and HV switching
operations but may not apply HV Circuit Main Earths or issue a Permit
to Work for High Voltage or issue/receive a Sanction for Test.

(c) Senior Authorised Person (SAP)

A person who has sufficient technical knowledge and experience to


establish safety for work and issue instructions to Competent Persons
or Authorised Persons, for specific categories of work for which he has
been appointed by the Company. A Senior Authorised Person may
issue and receive all types of safety documents and apply HV Circuit
Main Earths.

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Section Health, Safety & Environment Management System Issued: 2017

Subject Electrical Safety Rules Approved: CEO

2.1.2 Approved

Relating to equipment or procedures which are detailed in an official document


issued by the Company.

2.1.3 Caution Notice


A yellow coloured notice in Approved format (see 7.6) attached to apparatus or
its control equipment conveying a warning against interference.

2.1.4 Company
The Rural Areas Electricity Company S.A.O.C. (or RAEC)

2.1.5 Control Engineer


A person appointed by the Company to be responsible for coordinating the safe
and efficient operation of a High Voltage system for all planned and unplanned
activities.

2.1.6 Danger Notice


A red coloured notice in Approved format (see 7.6) attached to live apparatus
conveying a warning against approach, contact or interference.

2.1.7 Dead
Disconnected from any Live system and where the absence of voltage has been
proved by an Approved testing device.

2.1.8 Earthed
Connected to the general mass of earth in such a manner as will ensure at all
times an immediate discharge of electrical energy without danger, when applied
to apparatus, equipment and conductors.

(a) Circuit Main Earth (CME)


An earth connection, applied using an Approved device (fixed or
portable), between the work place and the points of isolation, prior to
issuing a Permit to Work or Sanction for Test.

(b) Additional Earth (AE)


An earth connection, applied using an Approved device (fixed or
portable), after issuing a Permit to Work or Sanction for Test and
normally at or close to the point of work.

(c) Drain Earth, Running Earth or Bridging Earth

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Subject Electrical Safety Rules Approved: CEO

Forms of Additional Earth specifically for the purpose of protecting


against induced or impressed voltages.

2.1.9 High Voltage (HV)


A voltage exceeding Low Voltage.

2.1.10 Low Voltage (LV)


An a.c. voltage below 1000 V between phases, or below 600 V between
any phase and Earth or, a d.c. voltage below 1500 V between conductors, or
below 900 V between any conductor and Earth.

2.1.11 Live
Electrically charged

2.1.12 Safety Rules


The RAEC Electrical Safety Rules.

2.1.13 Safety Documents

(a) Sanction for Test (SFT)

An Approved form signed and issued by a Senior Authorised Person for the
purpose of conducting tests on High Voltage equipment in a safe manner and in
compliance with the Safety Rules. A SFT allows for the removal of Circuit Main
Earths during HV testing.

(b) Limited Access Permit (LAP)

An Approved form signed and issued by a Senior Authorised Person or


Authorised Person defining the limits and nature of work which may be carried
out in the vicinity of live HV or LV equipment, but excluding access to live or
potentially live parts (for which a Permit to Work would be required). The LAP
should state the safety precautions required for the work, such as demarcation
and screening.

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(c) Isolation and Earthing Certificate (IEC)

An Approved form issued by a Senior Authorised Person responsible for one


side of a boundary of operations, to be issued to the person responsible for the
other side of the operational boundary, detailing the isolation and earthing
arrangements made on their behalf.

(d) Permit to Work

An Approved form signed and issued by a Senior Authorised Person


detailing the provisions for safety (including isolation and earthing) for
specified work to be carried out on electrical equipment.

Eligibility of Appointed Persons for issue and receipt of different types of safety
document is laid out in Section 4.6.1.

2.1.14 Safety Lock

A lock (usually a padlock) permanently marked, having a single key which differs
from all other keys provided for the system or apparatus, used for securing a point
of isolation.

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3 SAFE SYSTEMS OF WORK

3.1 ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

The Electrical Systems operated by the Company are complex and have
inherent dangers which must be managed in a robust and coordinated manner in
order to ensure safety. This is achieved by establishing Safety Rules and
associated procedures which mitigate risks and establish important steps that
avoid potential dangers. The Safety Rules thus help to avoid human error by
introducing systematic checks and safeguards for all foreseen activates. The
Safety Rules have been developed using international experience and best
practice over many years on similar systems.

3.2 KEY PRINCIPLES

A safe system of work is one in which a robust step-by-step approach is taken in


carrying out work activities, both planned an unplanned (emergency or urgent
work). The following key principles establish an overall framework in which to
operate safe systems of work, to which the Safety Rules are aligned:

Figure 1: Key principles of a Safe System of Work

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3.2.1 Work Planning

In order to execute activities safely, a thorough approach must be taken to


planning work, taking into account the environment at the work site. Advance
measures must be taken, such as identification of assets, protection of the site,
familiarisation of staff involved, etc. Events involving unsafe practices or
accidents typically relate to missing steps at the planning stage. For emergency
work the planning stage is still relevant as this can be done for the generic type
of activity. For example, for cable fault location the planning steps would include
the provision of adequate resources, including manpower, tools and equipment
on a 24-hour basis.

3.2.2 Control and Operation Records

In order to ensure safe coordination of work activities all Company networks must
be overseen by an appropriate control authority which may be a Control
Engineer or other locally appointed person. Control measures would typically
involve use of Network Operating Diagrams1 with up-to-date indication of status
of all network points. The status of the network shall be available in a centrally
accessible location such as control room, reporting office or power station. All
network operations should be recorded in a local log book or switching schedule.

3.2.3 Equipment Isolation Procedures

Procedures for electrical isolation of particular items of equipment are defined in


Section 4 and may also be detailed in procedures issued by the Company.

3.2.4 Safety Documents

The issue of a written safety document such as a Permit to Work is a key


principle in managing safety in Electrical Systems. The purpose is to define
unambiguously the work to be carried out, the equipment which has been made
safe to work on, and the boundary of areas where there is potential danger. A
system where only Authorised or Senior Authorised Persons can issue safety
documents ensures there is an adequate level of understanding of the risks
involved in the work and the steps required to make safe. The receipt of a safety

[ 1 the term single line diagram is sometimes used; the term Network Operating Diagram is the
correct terminology for the purpose of the Electrical Safety Rules]

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document will be by persons who are sufficiently competent to understand the


work instructions and the limits for safe working.

3.2.5 Tools, Equipment and PPE

An essential requirement to ensure safety is the correct provision and use of


tools, equipment and PPE (Personal Protective Equipment), appropriate for the
work to be done. Unsafe situations may arise if correct tools or equipment are
not used, unavailable or in poor condition. Lack of appropriate PPE exposes staff
to the risk of additional injury if an accident occurs.

3.2.6 Work Supervision

Adequate management and supervision of work activities is essential for ensuring


safety. In particular, the responsibility of the supervising person is key to
controlling the scope of the work, avoid danger, and ensure communication with
members of the work team. The supervising person must be an Appointed
Person (CP, AP or SAP) and be in receipt of a Safety Document. The Safety
Document holder must remain on site during the course of the work.

3.2.7 Appointed Persons

Work activities on Company systems must be carried out by suitably trained and
qualified persons. A system of ensuring adequate knowledge and skill of all
appointed persons should be established, normally by levels of authorisation
certification (for both Company employees and contractors). Such certification
will normally require mandatory training and a sufficient level of practical
experience and may be detailed on approved Company procedures.

3.3 OTHER SAFETY PROCEDURES

These Safety Rules focus on the requirements for safe systems of work on
Electrical systems. However, other safety procedures are also of key importance
to prevent accidents that may arise from trips and falls, lifting and moving heavy
items, exposure to chemicals, machinery, heat, flooding, fire etc. Although these
aspects are not covered in detail in this document other approved procedures
must be followed to maintain safety at any work site.

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Subject Electrical Safety Rules Approved: CEO

3.3.1 Fire Protection Systems

Where access is required to buildings or other areas where automatic fire


extinguishing systems are installed these must be disabled for the time that
person are present (e.g. CO2, Halon, and other systems). A caution notice
should be attached to the point of isolation. The automatic fire protection system
should be restored to service after all persons have been withdrawn from the
area.

3.3.2 Excavation Near Live Cables

For excavations carried out in close proximity to live cables special approved
procedures and guidance may be issued by the Company. Suitable precautions
must be taken such as use of cable location devices, cable records, and
appropriate tools and machinery close to cables, cable joints and turn positions.
In certain circumstances it may be necessary to issue a Limited Access Permit
for the excavation works, stipulating the precautions to be taken.

3.3.3 Confined Spaces

For work in confined spaces the Company may issue guidance and approved
procedures. These may include use of gas detectors, special communication
means, rescue equipment, standby persons or issue of a Safety Document.

3.3.4 Work at Height

Whenever work is to be carried out in a position where injury form a fall may
occur, an approved procedure, appropriate for the particular situation, must be
implemented. Such procedures may require a Work at Height Permit to be issued
for specified high risk activities or situations.

Control methods for safe access, work positioning and egress, must be
established and documented on the risk assessment in each case. Procedures
must include safe methods of evacuation and rescue. Controls, including the use
of exclusion zones, will also be employed wherever there is a potential risk of
injury from falling objects.

Fall prevention equipment (e.g. working platforms, edge protection etc) and fall
arrest equipment (e.g. lanyards, rope grabs etc) shall be specified, provided and
deployed as necessary. All equipment provided to prevent falls from height will
be properly maintained and inspected on a regular basis and accurate records
maintained.

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Before any pole, tower or other structure is climbed its integrity and condition shall
be verified.

3.3.5 Line Patrol

No person shall patrol overhead lines alone during daylight hours, unless suitable
provisions have been made to ensure reliable means of communication and
location tracking.

No person shall patrol overhead lines alone during hours of darkness or in


adverse weather conditions. Suitable transport, lighting, reliable means of
communication and location tracking shall be provided.

3.3.6 Work on Towers or Structures Supporting Live High Voltage


Conductors

Painting and other work above the anti-climbing device shall only be permitted
under the following conditions:

A Limited Access Permit shall be issued at each structure to be worked


on, specifying the measures required to maintain the required Safe
Working Distance, as defined in Rule 4.4.1.
Before commencement of work, danger notices or red flags shall be placed
at crossarms or other appropriate positions on the tower to warn members
of the working party against approaching live conductors.
The recipient of the Limited Access Permit shall remain at ground level to
ensure safe execution of the works.

3.3.7 Public Safety

So far as is reasonably practicable, all work sites shall be made inaccessible to


members of the general public and any other persons who are not part of the
work group. An exclusion zone shall be clearly defined around the working area
by placing barriers, hazard tape and warning notices as appropriate.

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4 WORK ON HIGH VOLTAGE EQUIPMENT

4.1 BASIC PROCEDURE

All work that is to be carried out on High Voltage equipment, on or near to


conductors that are potentially live (note 2) must be managed under the following
steps:

Identified and Proved Dead:


The equipment must be made dead (switched off or
disconnected) and positively identified. This will normally
involve the use of voltage testing devices, injecting an
identification signal (e.g. for cables) and checking labels
at the site as well as network diagrams.

Isolated: The equipment must be disconnected from all sources of


supply by approved means (e.g. racked out circuit
breaker, isolator switch, Air Break Switch) or by physical
disconnection (e.g. removal of fuses, breaking jumpers).
An auto-recloser or circuit breaker which has simply been
switched to the OFF position does not provide an
approved means of Isolation.
All sources of supply must be isolated, including Low
Voltage sources e.g. standby generators, batteries,
substation auxiliary supplies, voltage measurement
transformers, etc).

Locked and tagged: All points of isolation must be secured with a Safety Lock
and tagged with a Caution Notice to warn against
interference by other parties. The notice may include
information on the work being undertaken (e.g. the Permit
to Work number) and the contact details of the persons
involved.

2 work which is to be carried out in the vicinity of HV equipment but does not require
access to live parts may be undertaken without following all of these steps. Examples
would include painting of substation buildings, cleaning, load measurements using
insulated devices, etc. However, safety precautions may be required such as screening
and the installation of danger notices and the work may require a Limited Access
Permit.

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Earthed: The equipment must be Earthed, in accordance with Rule


4.3, using Approved equipment or devices capable of
ensuring the equipment remains at Earth potential at all
times (e.g. circuit breaker, earth switch or earth leads).
Additional Earths may be provided at the point of work if
this is distant from the Circuit Main Earths.

Safety documents: A Safety Document, which makes clear the limits of the
work and the safety arrangements that have been made,
must be issued before work commences (including
unplanned or emergency work). The type of Safety
Document to be used and the person responsible for its
issue is explained in section 4.6.

Demarcation: The equipment to be worked on must be clearly identified


and the boundary of the safe zone of work demarcated
(e.g. using hazard tape, danger labels, barriers or locks).
Where necessary screening from live conductors must be
applied.

ead ( dentified and roved)

solated

ocked and tagged

arthed

afety documents & emarcation

Figure 2: Work on High Voltage equipment - basic procedure

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4.2 SWITCHING AND CONTROL

All switching operations on HV equipment and systems must be coordinated


through switching and control procedures, including the following steps:

4.2.1 Switching Records

All operations on HV equipment and systems must be recorded on an Approved


form of switching log or switching schedule. A reference to the appropriate
switching schedule should be inserted in the daily log book of the local network
office with sufficient details relating to the work activities. For planned work the
switching schedule may be prepared in advance whilst for unplanned or
emergency work the operations may be recorded at the time of execution. The
Approved form of switching schedule or log book must be used for both planned
and unplanned work and such forms must be retained for future reference (see
section 6.0).

4.2.2 Operating Diagrams

The status of all parts of the HV system must be recorded on the Network
Operating Diagram of the local network. Temporary changes of status, such as
during switching operations, may be marked on the local copy of the Network
Operating Diagram (and the Control Engineer copy as appropriate) whilst for
permanent changes the master copy of Network Operating Diagrams must be
updated through an Approved procedure.

4.2.3 System Control

Switching schedules for all planned operations must be checked and approved
in advance by a Control Engineer or designated person. The Control Engineer
shall give permission to proceed on the day of commencement of a scheduled
operations and thereby coordinate the safe and efficient operation of the electrical
system. For unplanned operations the nominated Control Engineer shall agree
the sequence of operations at the time of the activity and the executed steps shall
be recorded on a switching schedule and / or in the log book.

In special circumstances the control and coordination of HV operational activities


may be delegated to the Senior Authorised Person appointed for the local area.
The Senior Authorised Person will maintain records of switching operations
using switching schedules and a local daily log book.

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Detailed guidance for network operations and control shall be provided in an


Approved procedure.

4.3 ISOLATION AND EARTHING

4.3.1 Identification and Proving Dead

Prior to the application of Earths to HV conductors the relevant equipment must


be positively identified and proved dead, using Approved testing devices,
injected signals, interruption of power supplies, network diagrams or other
suitable means. Correct operation of all testing devices must be checked (with a
live source or test unit) before and after proving dead.

4.3.2 Safety Locks

The Safety Rules section 4.1 requires points of isolation to be secured with
safety locks and tagged, and other equipment such as control points to be
locked. Where locks are used at the boundary of more than one work activity (or
involving more than one Senior Authorised Person) there may also be provided
a key safe that is accessible to all parties. Where the circuits are controlled by
fuses or links, these may be removed and secured with a safety lock.

4.3.3 Circuit Main Earths

A Circuit Main Earth must be applied to all conductors, using Approved devices,
between the work place and all points of HV isolation. The point of application of
Circuit Main Earths must be specifically recorded on Safety Documents issued
for the work and such points must be locked or adequately secured with a suitable
label attached.

Circuit Main Earths must be applied by a Senior Authorised Person or under


the direct supervision of a Senior Authorised Person.

4.3.4 Flexible Earthing Leads

Where flexible earthing leads are the only means of applying a Circuit Main
Earth or Additional Earth they must be applied using an Approved insulated

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rod, immediately after proving dead with an Approved voltage testing device,
and with one end earthed before application to the equipment. When removing
earth leads, they must be disconnected from the equipment before being
disconnected from the ground connection.

4.3.5 Additional Earths and Drain Earths

Where the point of work is remote from the Circuit Main Earths appropriate steps
of proving dead must be carried out at the point of work and Additional Earths
applied. These Earths must be applied under the direct supervision of a Senior
Authorised Person and should be recorded on Safety Documents issued for
the work. Additional Earths may be removed temporarily by a Competent
Person, for example to carry out work on conductors, but must be replaced
immediately on completion of each stage of the work (for example, one phase at
a time).
For work on dual circuit overhead lines and single circuit overhead lines with an
adjacent live HV circuit, Drain Earths shall be fitted to all conductors of the circuit
to be worked on at the point of work and at the nearest tower on each side. Drain
Earths shall only be applied and removed under the direct supervision of a
Senior Authorised Person

4.3.6 Ring Main Units

For work on Ring Main Units isolation must be made at all High Voltage and Low
Voltage points of supply (such as at the LV side of distribution transformers
supplied from the Ring Main Unit).

Circuit Main Earths will normally be applied at isolation points remote from the
Ring Main Unit. In order to prove dead at the point of work the Senior
Authorised Person must switch the Ring Main Unit to the Earth position in order
to demonstrate earthing to the recipient of the Permit to Work. Flexible cables
and cable clips must not be used for the application of Circuit Main Earths on
Ring Main Units.

Note: the above principles apply to other similar equipment at distribution


substations, such as HV switch-fused unit, extensible switch-unit, etc.

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4.3.7 Busbars of Multi-panel Switchboards

Earthing of HV switchboards must be applied using Approved mechanical


devices or earth switches. Flexible cables and cable clips must not be used for
the application of Circuit Main Earths on HV switchboards. Switchgear spouts
(for withdrawable circuit breakers) must be locked shut adjacent to the points of
Circuit Main Earths.

Busbars of multi-panel switchboards must be isolated from all points of supply


before the application of Circuit Main Earths, and such points must be locked,
including locking of shutters of withdrawable circuit breaker panels. Where
double busbar arrangements exist the adjacent busbar shutters to the one to be
worked on must be locked shut at all switchgear panels.

Circuit Main Earths must be applied to at least one switchgear panel of the
busbar to be worked on, but need not be applied to all panels. Where a circuit
breaker or other device is used for earthing it must be rendered inoperative and
locked in the closed position (i.e. tripping spring discharged and locked).

Additional Earths using an Approved earthing device (e.g. circuit breaker truck
with earth adapter) must be applied at the panel to be worked on immediately
before work commences, and may then be removed to allow the work to proceed
(e.g. for cleaning busbar or circuit spouts). The Additional Earths must be left
in place if work on the busbar spouts is not required (e.g. for working on the
internal busbar connections).

Caution notices / tags must be attached at all points of isolation and danger
notices identifying demarcation of the zone of work must be attached at the front
and rear of the relevant panels.

4.3.8 Feeder and Voltage Transformer Spouts, and Single Panel


Switchgear

When work is to be carried out on feeder and voltage transformer spouts or on


the busbar spouts of a single switchgear panel, the following operations shall be
carried out in strict sequence.

The spout on which work is to be carried out shall be isolated from all points of
supply from which it can be made live. The isolating arrangements shall be locked
so that they cannot be operated and the shutters of adjacent live spouts shall be
locked shut.

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The spout contacts shall be checked by means of an approved voltage indicator


to verify that they are not live - the indicator itself being tested immediately before
and after the verification.

Circuit Main Earths shall be applied to the remote end(s) of the circuit to be
worked on and a Permit to Work issued. At the point of work an Additional
Earth shall be applied under the personal supervision of a Senior Authorised
Person using only Approved earthing devices (e.g. circuit breaker truck with
earth adapter). Flexible cables and cable clips must not be used for the
application of Earths on metal clad switchgear. The insertion of the hand or any
tool into contact spouts for this purpose is forbidden.

Work on the spouts shall then be done under the personal supervision of a Senior
Authorised Person who shall remove the Additional Earths at the point of work
and prove each spout dead by means of an approved voltage indicator before it
is worked on - the indicator itself being tested immediately before and after the
verification.

Where the spouts are connected to an overhead circuit on which there is any
likelihood of dangerous induced voltage Additional Earths shall be applied at
the nearest point where access to the overhead conductors can safely be
obtained.

4.3.9 HV Cables

Before work is carried out on HV cables all points of supply must be isolated and
earthed and a Permit to Work issued in accordance with section 4.1. At the
point of work the cable must be positively identified using an approved signal
injection device together with cable route records. Before cutting an HV cable it
must be spiked by a Senior Authorised Person using an Approved device, and
the operation of source circuit breakers must be checked (in case of incorrect
cable spiking).

The requirement for spiking may be omitted only with approval from a Control
Engineer in special cases (e.g. oil filled cables) or where the cable is close to
and physically traceable to a Circuit Main Earth (e.g. at the cable box of
switchgear that has been earthed), and without passing through any barriers
(e.g. wall or substation floor).

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High voltage testing (pressure testing) of HV cables must be carried out under a
Sanction for Test. Care should be taken to check the correct connection of
phases and all test equipment must be removed before energising the cable.

When work is to be carried out on HV cables in proximity to other live circuits and
on cables with fully insulated metallic sheaths special precautions should be
taken to avoid danger from induced voltage.

An illustration of the application of signal injection and cable spiking is provided


in the guidance notes appended to these Safety Rules.

4.3.10 High Voltage Overhead Lines

HV overhead lines must be made dead, isolated and earthed in accordance with
section 4.1 before any work is carried out, and before approach within the
prohibited distance for exposed conductors (specified in section 4.4.1).

Where Circuit Main Earths are applied remotely, and therefore not visible at the
point of work, Additional Earths must be applied at or close to the point of work
and effectively connected to ground.

All Low Voltage sources must be isolated in accordance with Rule 4.1 or Circuit
Main Earths applied between the work place and all potential back-feeds from
Low Voltage sources.

For work on pole mounted transformers a Circuit Main Earth must be applied to
the High Voltage side and the Low Voltage side must be isolated from all
sources, including customer connections. Circuit Main Earths will not normally
be required at the Low Voltage side.

Any approach within the prohibited distance for live HV conductors (specified in
section 4.4.1) may only be allowed using Approved insulated devices such as
fuse replacement rods or switch operating rods or test devices.

Where poles, towers or other structures supporting single circuit conductors


which run near to, or in the immediate vicinity of other circuits, then those poles
or structures shall carry an approved label or symbol to enable positive
identification of that circuit from ground level.

Where poles, towers or other structures support conductors for two circuits, then
each circuit shall be clearly marked with approved labels or symbols to enable

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positive identification of each circuit from both ground level and by persons
climbing or working on the structures.

Appropriate demarcation (e.g. green / red flag markers) shall be used to mark
clearly the overhead equipment that has been made safe for work and the
adjacent live equipment / poles in accordance with Section 4.4 and 4.5 of these
Safety Rules.

During adverse weather conditions, particularly the approach of lightning storms


or high winds, all work on any apparatus connected to any overhead line or
exposed conductors shall be suspended. All Safety Documents shall be cleared
and cancelled and any tools, equipment or Additional Earths which remain in
place shall be noted under Exceptions.

4.3.10.1 Double Circuit HV Overhead Lines with One Circuit Live

Where the design of towers or structures enables the Safe Working Distances
specified in Rule 4.4.1 to be maintained when working on the dead conductors
of one circuit with the other circuit live, then in addition to the requirements of
Section 4, the Senior Authorised Person (SAP) shall take the following
precautions:

At the point of work personally identify the circuit to be worked on and


instruct the working party how to gain safe access to the dead conductors.

Attach red flags or Danger Notices at ground level on the live circuit side
of the tower or structure.

Enter on the Permit to Work the unique circuit identification symbol that
is attached to the side of the tower or structure to be worked on.

Instruct the recipient of the Permit to Work to attach red flags or Danger
Notices between the two circuits, at each cross arm, to warn against
approaching the live circuit.

Drain Earths shall be applied, using an approved insulated operating rod, to all
phase conductors of the circuit to be worked on at the point of work and at the
nearest tower or support structure on each side.

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Flexible earth leads shall be securely coiled and hoisted/lowered in a controlled


fashion using a rope block, taking care not to allow any part of the tools or
equipment to infringe the Safe Working Distance, as determined in Rule 4.4.

Note: One end of each earth lead shall always be connected to the tower
steelwork before applying to conductors using an approved, insulated rod
of at least 2.5m in length. Earth leads shall subsequently be removed in
reverse order, i.e. conductor end first. Never disconnect the grounded end
of an earth lead which is still connected to a conductor.

The Senior Authorised Person shall remain on site, and personally supervise
the application of all earths and safe execution of the works, from ground level.

4.3.10.2 Work on the Common Earth Conductor of Dual Circuit Overhead


Lines

Before any work commences on the overhead common earth conductor of a


double circuit overhead line, both circuits shall be made dead and the
requirements of Section 4 applied for both circuits.

4.3.10.3 Earthing Arrangements for Breaking of Jumpers on One Circuit of


a Dual Circuit HV Overhead Line to provide Electrical Isolation

In addition to the earthing requirements laid down in Rules 4.1 and 4.3, Drain
Earths shall be fitted, using an approved insulated operating rod, to all
conductors of the circuit to be worked on at the tension tower where jumpers are
to be broken and at the nearest tower on each side. At the tension tower where
jumpers are to be cut, these Drain Earths shall be fitted to the conductors on the
side which is due to be re-energised.
On the side where the conductors are to remain Dead, Bridging Earths shall be
applied across each phase insulator set, an illustration of which is shown in the
Guidance Notes appended to these Safety Rules.

4.3.10.4 Earthing Requirements for Raising and Lowering Conductors on


Double Circuit Towers with One Circuit Live

The machines and associated equipment shall each be provided with a bonding
position to which approved earth bonds may be bolted. At the puller/tensioner, a

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Running Earth shall then be connected to the common bonding position and
applied to the conductor.

Bridging Earths shall be fitted across each tension insulator string. These
Bridging Earths shall not be removed until jumpers are connected and Earthed.

Drain Earths shall be fitted from the crossarm to the earthing boss on conductor
running blocks.

The chassis of the winch vehicle shall be earthed, via connection to the tower
steelwork or to an earth electrode using an approved device.

A Running Earth shall be applied to the conductor or pilot wire and bonded to
tower steelwork or to an earth electrode. When the conductor is run out, a Drain
Earth shall be connected to the conductor prior to disconnecting the winch rope
or pilot wire.

After jointing and assembly of the insulator set, Bridging Earths shall be fitted
across each tension insulator string. These Bridging Earths shall not be
removed until jumpers are fitted and Earthed.

Before removing the Running Earth and cutting off surplus conductor in
preparation for sagging, a Drain Earth shall be connected to the conductor.

Illustrations of typical application of the earthing arrangements described above


are included in the Guidance Notes appended to these Safety Rules.

4.3.11 Capacitor Banks

In addition to the requirements of Rule 4.1, before any work commences on static
capacitors (or any conductors/apparatus connected to capacitor banks), the
Senior Authorised Person shall ensure that;
all capacitor units are effectively discharged and proved dead by
approved means,
Additional Earths are applied, by approved means, to each capacitor
bank or frame,
capacitor units are short-circuited and remain short-circuited when
disconnected from the system

Note: If there are signs that a capacitor unit may have failed or been damaged, an open-
circuit may exist in the unit, causing dangerous voltage to remain even after an earth or

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shorting lead has been applied to the bushing terminals. In this situation, special
precautions must be approved by a suitably qualified and experienced Senior
Authorised Person to safely discharge/remove the hazardous unit/s.

4.4 EXPOSED HIGH VOLTAGE CONDUCTORS

For work activities within the vicinity of exposed HV conductors (such as


overhead lines, air insulated switchgear, open busbars, etc) the following
procedure must be followed:

4.4.1 Approach to HV conductors

Where access to live HV conductors is required only Approved devices must be


used together with Approved insulated gloves where required (e.g. for voltage
testing, re-setting tripping devices, removal of drop-out fuses, etc). All other
objects and persons must remain at a Safe Working Distance which is determined
by the voltage level and the nature of work to be carried out.

The Safe Working Distance must be determined by a Senior Authorised Person


or Authorised Person taking into account the possible reach of tools, equipment,
materials and persons required for the work (e.g. ladders, cranes, platforms, etc).

Table 1, below, provides the Prohibited Approach Distance (mandatory) plus an


indication of the Safe Working Distance.

Table 1

Voltage level Prohibited Approach Safe Working


Distance Distance

up to 11kV 0.9 m add length and


reach of longest
up to 33kV 1.2 m tool or equipment
(see fig. 9 below)
up to 132kV 1.5 m

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The illustrations in Figures 9 & 10, below, show examples of how Prohibited
Approach and Safe Working Distances are applied:

Prohibited Approach
Distance (a)

Length and reach


of longest tool or
equipment (b)

Figure 9: Approach to Live HV Conductors (Safe Working Distance)

Prohibited Approach
Distance

Approved Insulated Tool

Figure 10: Approach to Live HV Conductors (Prohibited Approach Distance)


Note: Only Approved insulated tools or test devices may be allowed to
enter within the Prohibited Approach Distance.

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4.4.2 Demarcation Near Exposed HV Conductors

In order to establish and maintain a Safe Working Distance within the vicinity of
exposed HV conductors a physical demarcation must be established by the
Senior Authorised Person or the Authorised Person responsible for issuing
the work instructions.

The demarcation must provide a visual and physical barrier as far as practicable,
delimiting the boundary of the zone of work and the Safe Working Distance.
Materials used for demarcation must be robust, highly visible and non-
conductive. The demarcation barrier must take into account the height of access
that will be required for the work to be carried out. Demarcation measures must
be included on any Safety Document that is issued for the work.
Examples of demarcation are provided in the guidance notes appended to these
Safety Rules.

4.4.3 Tree Cutting

Where tree branches are directly above or in contact with conductors all
requirements of isolation and earthing apply (section 4.1).

Where trees are outside the Prohibited Approach Distance of an overhead line,
and a Safe Working Distance can be maintained at all times, the activity of tree
cutting may be carried out with the line live. It should also be noted that there
must be no possibility of falling branches or machinery such as cranes to come
in contact with the line.

4.4.4 Live Line Insulator Washing

For HV live line washing, special procedures, including risk assessments and
method statements, and details of all equipment to be used, will be approved by
the Company.

Live line washing procedures shall include, as a minimum, the following


requirements;
All members of the team engaged in live line washing shall be properly
trained in the approved procedures, to be verified by the Authorised
Person before commencement of work.
Any auto-reclose function on circuit breakers controlling the circuit to be
worked on must be disabled prior to commencement.

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The resistivity of water being used for insulator washing shall be constantly
monitored using an automatic monitoring device with audible alarm
(resistivity of water shall be maintained at not less than 2500 ohms/cm).
All metal parts of the equipment shall be bonded and connected to earth
using approved devices.
Equipment shall be fitted with a nozzle which ensures that the water jet is
broken into a spray before reaching the insulator being washed.
A Limited Access Permit shall be issued, by an Authorised Person,
clearly stating the name of the circuit, identification of asset/s to be washed
and safe working clearances.
In the event of a circuit tripping, the source circuit breaker (e.g. PMR,
power station or PDO point of connection) shall not be re-closed without
permission from the Authorised Person in charge of the works.

All other applicable requirements of these Safety Rules and approved


procedures must be followed.

4.5 TESTING AND COMMISSIONING

Before connection of new HV equipment to a live HV system it must be subjected


to a test voltage at or above the system voltage or in accordance with the
manufacturers specification. For existing HV equipment that has been
disconnected for the purpose of repair or any alteration it must be tested prior to
return to service as for new equipment.

Return to service of equipment that has undergone routine maintenance, with no


alterations, may be carried out without full HV pressure testing but with adequate
precautions such as megger testing of the relevant parts.

Only approved test apparatus may be used for HV testing.

HV testing must be carried by a Senior Authorised Person with isolation and


earthing of all relevant equipment, as required under section 4.1. The removal
of Circuit Main Earths to carry out tests may only be done by a Senior
Authorised Person under a Sanction for Test.

All equipment subject to a test voltage (including test leads) must be adequately
guarded and danger notices / demarcation established to safeguard all persons.

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All conductors must be discharged to earth before and after the application of test
voltages using approved insulated tools / gloves. Precautions should be taken
to protect against induced voltages whilst Circuit Main Earths have been
removed (particularly for overhead line circuits).

4.6 SAFETY DOCUMENTS

4.6.1 Authority for Issue, Receipt, Clearance and Cancellation

Authority for issue, receipt, clearance and cancellation of different types of safety
document, are summarised in Table 2 below, subject to the limitations shown on
the certificate of appointment:

Table 2

Senior
Competent Authorised
Authority Authorised
(CP) (AP)
(SAP)
Issue/cancel PTW HV Apparatus
Issue/cancel PTW LV Apparatus
Receive/clear PTW

Issue/cancel I&E Certificate


Receive/clear I&E Certificate

Issue/cancel LAP
Receive/clear LAP

Issue/cancel SFT
Receive/clear SFT

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4.6.2 Supervision of Work

Safety Documents shall be written by the person responsible for their issue after
completion of all safety steps required under section 4.1, using the standard
forms provided by the Company (see section 6). All items must be completed,
including the location and description of the work, points of isolation and earthing,
demarcation boundaries and any other safety measures (e.g. requirements for
Additional Earths and Drain Earths).

The precise scope of work and the safety precautions mentioned in the Safety
Document shall be explained to the recipient who shall confirm his understanding
of all items. In particular, the location of isolation points, Circuit Main Earths,
Additional Earths, safety locks and demarcation boundaries shall be discussed
and made clear to the recipient.

The issuer and recipient must sign the original and duplicate copies of the safety
document and retain each in their personal possession.

The recipient shall explain to members of the work team their scope of work,
responsibilities and safety precautions such as demarcation of the work
boundary.

The recipient of the Safety Document must remain at the work site throughout
the course of the work and personally supervise the work team.

4.6.3 Clearance and Cancellation

After completion of work the recipient of the Safety Document must ensure that
all equipment has been returned to a state ready for energisation. In particular
all tools must be removed and Additional/Drain Earths removed with
coordination of the Senior Authorised Person.

The recipient must confirm that all members of the work team have been
withdrawn and informed that the HV equipment is no longer safe to work on. The
recipient must sign in the presence of the issuing person both copies of the Safety
Document (clearance). The issuing person must sign both copies of the Safety
Document (cancellation).

The same person may sign for both the issue and receipt (and clearance and
cancellation) of a Permit to Work or Sanction for Test providing that he remains
on site and supervises the work.

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Where Circuit Main Earths have been removed for HV testing under a Sanction
for Test, and not replaced after testing is complete, this shall be confirmed by
the recipient under Exceptions when signing clearance of the Safety
Document.

4.7 CROSS BOUNDARY OPERATIONS

All HV cross-boundary operations shall be carried out in accordance with


approved procedures. A scheduled sequence of operations shall be agreed in
advance with the third party system operator (e.g. PDO Control Engineer, Power
Station engineer), and an Isolation and Earthing Certificate (IEC) issued to the
engineer controlling the works.

Safety Lock keys must be passed to the recipient of the IEC or locked in a key
safe until the IEC is cleared and cancelled.

4.8 SPECIAL EQUIPMENT

4.8.1 Remotely or Automatically Controlled Equipment

Before work is carried out on remotely or automatically controlled equipment such


as circuit breakers, auto-reclosers, tap changing gear or air compressors, the
automatic or remote control features shall first be rendered inoperative and
locked as for a point of isolation. Thereafter, all relevant procedures complying
with isolation and earthing must be followed, as under sections 4.1 - 4.3.

4.8.2 Rotating Machines

Work on High Voltage windings of machines and on directly coupled machine


transformer circuits must be carried out in accordance with the requirements of
section 4.1 and the following additional precautions must be taken:-

The machine shall be at rest unless permission has been given by the Senior
Authorised Person for the work to be carried out whilst the machine is on the
barring gear.

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Where motor driven exciters are provided, the switch controlling the motor shall
be opened, Safety Locked and Caution Notice applied.
Where the field circuit is energised from a separate d.c. supply, the field circuit
shall be Isolated, Safety Locked and Caution Notice applied.

The valves controlling the supply to the prime mover shall be Safety Locked in
the closed position, and Caution Notice applied.

Further approved procedures may be issued by the Company.

4.8.3 Equipment Containing Compressed Gas

In addition to the general requirements of section 4.1 special precautions to be


taken for work on equipment operated by or containing compressed gas shall be
detailed in an approved procedure.

4.8.4 Equipment Containing Sulphur Hexafluoride (SF6)

Equipment containing SF6 gas must be clearly labelled with a warning and any
special precautions to be taken. Where the correct operation of equipment relies
on SF6 gas containment a means of checking the integrity and pressure of gas
must be provided.

Due to the possibility of suffocation caused by build-up of leaked SF6 (e.g. in


substation basements and trenches) adequate warning signs must be provided
and Authorised staff must make suitable checks before assigning persons to
work in these areas (e.g. SF6 gas detector).

Where entry to sealed SF6 gas chambers is required the gas must be purged by
an Approved procedure. Precautions should also be taken to protect persons
from SF6 by-products that may be collected within gas chambers (e.g. sulphur
dioxide, hydrofluoric acid).

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5 WORK ON LOW VOLTAGE EQUIPMENT

5.1 GENERAL PRECAUTIONS

The consequence of shock or arc-flash from short circuit associated with Low
Voltage systems may be serious or in some circumstances fatal.

Apart from routine operations such as fuse replacement or testing, no work shall
be undertaken on Low Voltage conductors or equipment which is live.

Before work commences on any LV apparatus it must be proved dead with an


Approved testing device and isolated from all potential sources, e.g. back-feed
from customer-connected generators. Wherever practicable, all points of isolation
must be secured with a Safety Lock and tagged with a caution notice. A Permit
To Work shall be issued to a Competent person by an Authorised Person
detailing the scope of the work and the safety precautions required.

Approved insulated tools, test equipment and appropriate personal protective


equipment must be used whenever operating in the close proximity of live LV
equipment. The Authorised Person shall determine the necessary demarcation,
screening and other safety controls before any work commences.

Where alterations or new connections are made to LV equipment a check of the


correct phase sequence must be made before making live.

5.2 WORK ON LOW VOLTAGE CABLES

Work on Low Voltage cables must be carried out while they are dead and all of
the requirements of section 5.1 applied.

Before cutting or opening a LV cable it must be positively identified and proved


dead by means of an approved test device (e.g. signal injection method or by
tracing to the cable termination). Where a cable is to be worked on and neither
end or termination can be accessed (e.g. a joint hole) it must be spliced as if live
using an Approved procedure and insulated tools and tested to prove dead.
Where it is not possible to confirm isolation of all potential energy sources, e.g.
no access to disconnect service connections (to prevent back-feed from

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customers generator), earth bonds shall be applied to each core before the cable
may be cut.

Excavation near live cables, fault location, testing and phasing of low voltage
cables shall be carried out only in accordance with approved procedures.

5.3 WORK ON LOW VOLTAGE OVERHEAD LINES

5.3.1 Isolation and Earthing

Before work is commenced on low voltage overhead lines, all conductors


including the neutral, earth and any street lighting circuits shall be proved dead
using an approved device immediately before connecting to earth using
approved LV earthing leads.

There may be circumstances where it is not possible to confirm isolation of all


potential energy sources (e.g. no access to disconnect service connections to
prevent private generator back-feed) and/or apply earthing leads to conductors
(e.g. on insulated conductor). In such situations, all conductors shall be proved
dead by approved means and works carried out using approved rubber gloves
and insulated tools, under the direct supervision of an Authorised Person.

5.3.2 Poles Supporting Both LV and HV Apparatus

Where work is to be carried out on Low Voltage equipment or conductors which


are attached to a pole or other structure which also supports High Voltage
conductors, a Senior Authorised Person shall determine the necessary
precautions to maintain the Safe Working Distance prescribed in Rule 4.4 and
shall remain on site to supervise the work. As a minimum, Danger Notices shall
be fixed to the pole or structure at the limit of the Safe Working Distance.

If the minimum Safe Working Distance, as defined in section 4.4.1, cannot be


maintained throughout the proposed activities then work must not commence
until the High Voltage conductors have been made Dead, Isolated and Earthed
in accordance with the requirements of 4.1 and 4.3.

No work shall be carried out on any pole or structure supporting Live High
Voltage conductors where there are any signs of discharge, tracking, flash-over,
distress or damage on HV insulators/bushings or damaged/missing steelwork
earthing.

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6 LIST OF APPROVED PROCEDURES


Table 3, below, provides a list of the RAEC Standard Operating Procedures to
which specific reference is made in these Safety Rules. It should be noted
however, that other approved procedures may be applicable in certain situations,
or introduced as required, so this list is for reference only and should not be
considered as exhaustive.

Document Ref Title


RAEC-NTW-SOP-01 LT, 11kV & 33kV Distribution Networks
RAEC-NTW-SOP-02 HV System Operations
RAEC-HSE-SOP-01 Assessment & Authorisation of Appointed Persons
RAEC-HSE-SOP-05 Provision & Use of Personal Protective Equipment
RAEC-AMD-SOP-10 Network Operating Diagrams
RAEC-NTW-SOP-03 System Emergency Contingency Planning
RAEC-HSE-M-01 HSE Manual

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7 APPROVED FORMS & NOTICES


7.1 Electrical Safety Document

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7.2 Limited Access Permit

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7.3 Switching Schedule

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7.4 System Log Book

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7.5 Operational Safety Notices

Caution Notice

Danger Notice

CME Notice

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Electrical
Safety Rules

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