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PROJECT : REPLACEMENT OF POTABLE WATER ASBESTOS

CEMENT MAINS, JUBAIL


Project N Contract N EPPM Document N Rev
AR15-12 PO 7200020600 R1512-CLC-CV-00-001 A
Date 31/10/2012 Sheet 1 from 6

THRUST BLOCK CALCULATION

THRUST BLOCK CALCULATION

REPLACEMENT OF EXISTING ASBESTOS

CEMENT (AC) POTABLE WATER MAINS AT

JUBAIL INDUSTRIAL CITY

HAMDI AMINE FATHI


A 15/01/2013 Issued for review
KALLEL BAROUNI HASNAOUI
NAME VISA NAME VISA NAME VISA
REV DATE Designation
Issued by Verified by Approved by

001 / AR 15/12 10 /12


REF: R1512 -CLC-CV-00-001
THRUST BLOCK CALCULATION Rev. A
PAGE: 2/6

CONTENTS
1. INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................... 3
1.1. PROJECT DESCRIPTION .............................................................................................................................................. 3
1.2. DOCUMENT OBJECTIVE ............................................................................................................................................ 3
1.3. REFERENCES OF DOCUMENTS ................................................................................................................................ 3
1.4. CODES AND STANDARDS ........................................................................................................................................... 3
2. BASIC HYPOTHESIS ............................................................................................................. 3
2.1. CONCRETE ............................................................................................................................................................... 3
2.2. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE GROUND ......................................................................................................... 3
2.3. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PIPELIGNE ..................................................................................................... 3
3. APPLIED LOADS .................................................................................................................... 4
4. THRUST BLOCK VERIFICATION....................................................................................... 4
4.1. HORIZONTAL BEND -TYPE1- ................................................................................................................................... 4
4.2. UPWARD VERTICAL BEND-TYPE2- ......................................................................................................................... 5
4.3. DOWNWARD VERTICAL BEND-TYPE3- .................................................................................................................. 6
4.4. REDUCERS -TYPE4- ................................................................................................................................................ 6

002/AR15/12 10/12
REF: R1512 -CLC-CV-00-001
THRUST BLOCK CALCULATION Rev. A
PAGE: 3/6

1. INTRODUCTION

1.1. PROJECT DESCRIPTION

The project consists of the replacement of the existing asbestos cement (AC) potable water mains at Jubail
industrial city with new pipes of approved material along the same alignment and to the same level of existing water
mains.

The site of the project is located at the west bank of the Arabian Golf, 112km north of Dhahran, in eastern
province of KSA(27 2 24 North, 49 22 12 East).

1.2. DOCUMENT OBJECTIVE


The scope of this report is the calculation and the verification of the thrust block.

1.3. REFERENCES OF DOCUMENTS

Document Title Document no.


PHASE 1 - THRUST BLOCK DETAILS 7200020600-JWDF-CE-025

1.4. CODES AND STANDARDS

AWWA M23 PVC Pipe-Design and Installation.

AWWA M45 Fiberglass Pipe Design Manual.

AWWA M55 PE Pipe-Design and Installation

2. BASIC HYPOTHESIS

2.1. CONCRETE

Density of block material c =2, 2 T/m3

2.2. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE GROUND

Soil bearing capacity S b = 2 daN/cm


Unit weight of soil s = 1800 kg/m3
Soil internal friction angle = 30 degree
Cohesion Cs = 0 kN/m2

2.3. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PIPELIGNE

Design pressure P = 16 bar

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REF: R1512 -CLC-CV-00-001
THRUST BLOCK CALCULATION Rev. A
PAGE: 4 / 6

3. APPLIED LOADS
Pipeline thrust shall be calculated using the following formulas.
- Pipeline thrust at bends:
T = 2PA sin /2
where: T = resultant thrust force
P = internal pressure
A = internal area based on the diameter of the sealing element
= angle of deflection
- Pipeline thrust at reducers:
T = P(A-A)
where: T = resultant thrust force
P = internal pressure
A = area of pipe adjacent to the large end of the reducer
A = area of pipe adjacent to the small end of the reducer

4. THRUST BLOCK VERIFICATION

4.1. HORIZONTAL BEND -TYPE1-

For horizontal bends, the required thrust block bearing area can be calculated by the following equation:

Area / ( ) (SF)

Where: Area = area of thrust block


SF = safety factor (suggest 1.5)
A passive resistance thrust block design is required if the height of the thrust block is greater than 0.5 times the depth
from finish grade to the bottom of the designed thrust block.
The required thrust block area using this method can be calculated as follows:

001/AR15/12 04 /10
REF: R1512 -CLC-CV-00-001
THRUST BLOCK CALCULATION Rev. A
PAGE: 5 / 6

Area /( ) (SF)

Where: Area = area of thrust block


SF = safety factor (suggest 1.5)
H t = total depth to bottom of block
N d = tan (45+ /2)

Diam a b c h H min T h/Ht Bearing area Passive


() (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (T) check resistance
check
300 600 800 800 1000 1000 2.22 > 0.5 _ 2.25
450 800 800 1000 1500 1500 4.99 > 0.5 _ 2.14
600 2000 4100 1800 1000 500 8.87 > 0.5 _ 4.35
11.25 800 1000 1500 1500 2000 1500 15.77 > 0.5 _ 1.86
300 800 800 1000 1500 1500 4.41 > 0.5 _ 2.35
450 800 1000 1500 2000 1700 9.93 > 0.5 _ 2.15
22.5 1200 1600 2800 2500 3500 2000 70.61 > 0.5 _ 1.83
300 800 2000 1200 1500 1000 8.66 > 0.5 _ 1.99
45 450 1200 2500 1600 2000 1200 19.48 > 0.5 _ 1.99
600 1400 2500 2200 2800 1500 34.62 > 0.5 _ 2.14
90 300 1200 2200 1200 1700 1500 15.99 > 0.5 _ 1.72

4.2. UPWARD VERTICAL BEND-TYPE2-

Gravity thrust blocks are designed so that the weight of the block offsets the unbalanced upward force in the vertical
direction.
V.( c /T) (SF) = 1, 5
Diam b c h H min T V.( c /T)
() (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (T)
300 1300 1300 1000 1000 2.22 1.7
350 1600 1600 1000 475 3.02 1.9
11.25 450 1800 1800 1200 700 4.99 1.7
600 2200 2200 1300 1500 8.87 1.6
1200 3600 4000 2000 700 35.47 1.8

001/AR15/12 04 /10
REF: R1512 -CLC-CV-00-001
THRUST BLOCK CALCULATION Rev. A
PAGE: 6 / 6

4.3. DOWNWARD VERTICAL BEND-TYPE3-

The thrust block should be an adequate size to ensure that the bearing strength of the soil is not exceeded.
The equation of the required thrust blocks bearing area:

Area / ( ) (SF)

Diam b c h H min T Bearing area


() (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (T) check
150 450 600 225 3175 0.55 9.7
300 1000 600 400 1500 2.22 5.4
350 800 1200 500 1675 3.02 6.4
11.25 450 1000 1200 400 1400 4.99 4.8
600 1000 1200 500 1500 8.87 2.7
1200 2000 1500 1200 1800 35.47 1.7

4.4. REDUCERS -TYPE4-

D1/ D2 b c h H min T h/Ht Bearing Passive resistance


(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (T) area check check
350/300 2100 800 1000 600 4.08 >0.5 _ 2.78
800/450 3000 2000 2400 3000 54.98 >0.5 _ 2.61
1200/800 3500 2200 3000 3000 100.53 >0.5 _ 2.03

001/AR15/12 04 /10