Anda di halaman 1dari 3

DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL ..................................................................................... i


LEMBAR PENGESAHAN ......................................................................... ii
PERNYATAAN ........................................................................................... iii
KATA PENGANTAR ................................................................................. iv
DAFTAR ISI ................................................................................................ vi
DAFTAR TABEL ....................................................................................... ix
DAFTAR GAMBAR ................................................................................... xi
INTISARI .................................................................................................. xiii
ABSTRACT ............................................................................................... xiv

BAB I PENDAHULUAN
1.1. Latar Belakang ........................................................................................ 1
1.2. Rumusan Masalah ................................................................................... 5
1.3. Keaslian Penelitian.................................................................................. 7
1.4. Tujuan Penelitian .................................................................................. 12
1.5. Manfaat Penelitian ................................................................................ 12

BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA


2.1. Konsep Valuasi Ekonomi Sumberdaya Alam ....................................... 13
2.2. Ekosistem Hutan Mangrove .................................................................. 15
2.3. Zonasi Hutan Mangrove ....................................................................... 16
2.4. Fungsi dan Manfaat Mangrove ............................................................. 18
2.5. Faktor Penyebab Kerusakan Ekosistem Hutan Mangrove .................... 20
2.6. Konversi Hutan Mangrove .................................................................... 22
2.7. Nilai Ekonomi Total Mangrove ............................................................ 24
2.8. Pemetaan Perubahan Hutan Mangrove
dengan Pendekatan PJ dan SIG ............................................................. 28
2.9. Strategi Pengelolaan Lingkungan ......................................................... 30
2.10. Kerangka Teori ..................................................................................... 32

BAB III METODE PENELITIAN


3.1. Lokasi Penelitian................................................................................... 37
3.2. Alat dan Bahan Penelitian ..................................................................... 40
3.3. Prosedur Penelitian ............................................................................... 41
3.4. Metode Pengambilan Sampel
3.4.1. Kondisi Konversi Hutan Mangrove ............................................ 43
3.4.2. Data Nilai Ekonomi .................................................................... 43
3.4.3. Dampak Konversi Hutan Mangrove Terhadap
Lingkungan Wilayah Pesisir ....................................................... 44
3.4.4. Pengambilan Data Instansional................................................... 44
3.5. Variabel yang Digunakan ..................................................................... 45
3.6. Jenis Data dan Cara Pengumpulan Data ............................................... 45
3.7. Defini Operasional ................................................................................ 46

vi
3.8. Analisa Data
3.8.1. Analisis Konversi Hutan Mangrove Tahun 2000-2013 .............. 47
3.8.2. Analisis Valuasi Ekonomi Hutan Mangrove .............................. 48
3.8.3. Analisis Dampak Konversi Hutan Mangrove
Terhadap Lingkungan Wilayah Pesisir ....................................... 54
3.8.4. Analisis Strategi Pengelolaan dan Perlindungan ........................ 54
3.9. Perumusan Hasil Penelitian .................................................................. 55

BAB IV KONDISI UMUM LOKASI PENELITIAN


4.1. Lokasi dan Status TWA ........................................................................ 57
4.2. Kondisi Fisik Lingkungan ..................................................................... 57
4.3. Kondisi Hayati ...................................................................................... 59
4.4. Kondisi Sosial Ekonomi Masyarakat
a. Kependudukan .............................................................................. 61
b. Sektor Pertanian ............................................................................ 62

BAB IV HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN


5.1. Kondisi Konversi Hutan Mangrove ...................................................... 64
5.1.1. Pemetaan dan Klasifikasi Penutupan Kawasan Mangrove ...... 65
5.1.2. Komparasi Kenampakan Hutan Mangrove dan
Penggunaan Lahan Pada Citra Satelit dan Foto Lapangan ...... 68
5.1.3. Kondisi Penutupan Hutan Mangrove
1. Kondisi Hutan Mangrove Tahun 2000 ............................. 78
2. Kondisi Hutan Mangrove Tahun 2013 ............................. 85
5.1.4. Perubahan Penutupan Lahan Hutan Mangrove
1. Perubahan Penutupan Lahan ............................................ 86
2. Perubahan Penutupan Lahan Hutan Mangrove ................ 92
5.2. Nilai Ekonomi Hutan Mangrove
5.2.1. Nilai Ekonomi Hutan Mangrove Tahun 2013 ........................ 102
A. Nilai Manfaat Langsung
a. Nilai Kayu Untuk Kayu Bakar ................................... 102
b. Nilai Manfaat Komoditi Ikan ..................................... 105
c. Nilai Manfaat Komoditi Kepiting ............................... 106
d. Nilai Manfaat Komoditi Kerang ................................. 108
e. Nilai Manfaat Komoditi Udang .................................. 110
f. Nilai Manfaat Komoditi Cacing Laut ......................... 112
B. Nilai Manfaat Tidak Langsung
a. Nilai Manfaat Penahan Intrusi .................................... 114
b. Nilai Manfaat Pelindung, Penahan Gelombang
Tsunami dan Pencegah Abrasi ................................... 116
C. Nilai Pilihan (Option Value)........................................... 120
D. Nilai Keberadaan (Exsistensi Value) .............................. 120
E. Nilai Warisan (Bequeat Value)....................................... 123
5.2.2. Nilai Ekonomi Total Hutan Mangrove selama 13 tahun........ 123
5.2.3. Nilai Ekonomi Konversi Tambak .......................................... 128

vii
5.2.4. Analisis Nilai Ekonomi Hutan Mangrove
Dan Nilai Ekonomi Tambak .................................................. 131
5.3. Dampak Konversi Hutan Mangrove Terhadap
Wilayah Pesisir Kawasan TWA.......................................................... 132
5.3.1. Dampak Konversi Terhadap Lingkungan Abiotik ................. 133
a. Terjadi Erosi Pantai ............................................................ 133
b. Angin Kencang dan Hempasan Gelombang ...................... 137
5.3.2. Dampak Konversi Terhadap Lingkungan Biotik ................... 138
a. Menurunnya Keanekaragaman Hayati ............................... 139
b. Flora dan Fauna .................................................................. 139
5.3.3. Dampak Konversi Terhadap Kondisi Sosial .......................... 140
5.4. Strategi Pengelolaan dan Pelestarian Hutan Mangrove ...................... 143
5.4.1. Strategi Pengelolaan Tambak................................................. 152

BAB VI KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN


6.1. Kesimpulan ......................................................................................... 154
6.2. Saran ................................................................................................... 155

DAFTAR PUSTAKA .......................................................................................... 156

LAMPIRAN
Lampiran Pertanyaan Panduan Wawancara ............................................... 161

viii