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# This worksheet is for checking weld sizes WELD OUTLINE CASE

## References: Pressure Vessel Handbook, 8th ed, Megyesy

Mechanical Engineering Design, 7th ed, Shigley
By: WBL 1
Date: 8/4/2014
Job: 10
Description of weld: Vaporizer skid cross beam to main welds
2

DEFINITION OF SYMBOLS
Aw = Length of weld, in
f = Allowable unit force on weld, kip per lin in of weld 3
M = Bending moment, kip-in
l = Bending moment arm length, in
P = Tension or Compression Load
Sw = Section Modulus of weld lines subjected to bending moment, in^2
V = Vertical load for bending and/or shear, kip
w = Fillet weld leg dimension, in 4
Wn = Tensive or compressive force on weld, kip per lineal inch of weld
Ws = Average vertical shear on fillet weld, kip per lineal inch of weld
Wb = Bending force on weld, kip per lineal inch of weld
Wr = Resultant load on fillet weld, kip per lineal inch of weld

## FORMULAS FOR FORCES ON WELD

TENSION OR COMPRESSION VERTICAL SHEAR BENDING
5
P V M
Wn = Ws = Wb =
Aw Aw Sw
RESULTANT FORCE: Wr = (W + Ws + Wb )
n
2 2 2

## Weld is adequate & stress ratio = 0.51

INPUT 6 * To 1/4 incl.
Weld Outline Case: 5
Strength Level of Weld Metal: 70*
Loading condition for bending, ieCantilever
or Mid-Span of Simply Supported Beam Mid-Span
w= 3/8 in Over 1 1/2
P= 12.50 kip If no tension or compression is present, P = 0 Over 2 1/4
V= 12.50 kip If only tension or compression is present, V = 0 7
b= 4 in Weld dimension; refer to figure on right
d= 10 in Weld dimension; refer to figure on right
l= 48 in If bending is not to be considered, l = 0
Aw = 18.00 in
Sw = 56.67 in^2 8
M= 150 lb-in
f= 5.57 kip/lin in
Calculating Tensive or Compressive Force Calculating Shear Force Calculating Bending Force Calculating Resultant Force
Wn = 0.69 kip/lin in Ws = 0.69 kip/lin in Wb = 2.65 kip/lin in Wr = 2.82 kip/lin in
=P/Aw =V/Aw =M/Sw =SQRT(Wn^2 + Ws^2 + Wb^2)
=12.5kip/18lin in =12.5kip/18lin in =150kip-in/56.67in^2 =SQRT(0.69^2 + 0.69^2 + 2.65^2)
WELDED BEAM SPLICE DESIGN
1. DESIGN CRITERIA:

## Section Properties: UC152X152X30

d = 6.20 in. = 157.6 mm
tf = 0.37 in. = 9.4 mm
tw = 0.26 in. = 6.5 mm
bf = 6.02 in. = 152.9 mm
T = 4.87 in. = 123.6 mm

## Design Standard: ASTM A 992

ASTM A36
Fy = 40 ksi = 275 N/mm
Welding Strength: E70XX
FIGURE - 1
2. CALCULATION:
a. Flange Force:
Pu = 53.28 kips = 237 kN
Pu = f b M p * d
fbMp = 103 ft kips
Tension on gross plate area:
fPn = f Ag Fy
f = 0.90
Ag = 1.48 in2

## Plate Cross Sectional Area:

Top Flange: Bf= 11.81 in. = 300 mm Web Plate: Bw = 3.94 in. = 100 mm
Lf = 6.30 in. = 160 mm Lw = 6.30 in. = 160 mm
tf = 0.39 in. = 10 mm tw = 0.39 in. = 10 mm
Af = 2.48 in Aw = 2.48 in

## n= 2 joint gap, g = 0.39 in. = 10 mm

b = 6.02 in. L > b, safe!

## TABLE 10.2 Maximum and Minimum fillet weld sizes

Maximum Fillet Weld Size
Connected part thickness, t1 Maximum Weld Size, w
t < 1/4 w=t
t > 1/4 w = t - 1/16
Minimum Fillet Weld Size2
t < 1/4 1/8
1/4 < t < 1/2 3/16
1/2 < t < 3/4 4/16
t > 3/4 5/16
1
The term is the thickness of the thicker connected part.
2
Single-pass welds must be used. The maximum weld size that can be made in a single pass is 5/16 in.

## From Table 10.2:

Minimum Weld size = 1/4 in.
Dmin = t < 4/1

## Maximum Weld size = 0.308 in. = tf - w

Threfore, Dmax = 5

Since: fRn = Puf
f = 0.85
From Eq. 10.5:
f Rn = 1.392DL t

## 53.28 = 1.392DL t + 1.392DL t

Lt = 2 in. min. Required Weld length
L = 5 in = 127 mm b
b. Shear Strength: FIGURE - 2

## fVn = 13.76 kips = 102 kN 60% shear capacity considered.

Since, T = 4.87 in. maximum depth of shear plate.
fvVn = fv0 .6 Fy Aw
f v = 1.0
Aw = T* tp tp = plate thickness
tp = 1/7 in
use, tp = 3/8 in. For practical reasons, a plate has a thickness equal to or greater
than the web thickness should be used.

## From Table 10.2:

Minimum Weld size = 3/16 in.
Dmin = 3

## Maximum Weld size = t - 1/16 in. since: t = tw

Threfore, Dmax = 0.193 in. Interpolation, k
therefore, Dmax = 3 0.70 2.16 1.85
0.75 k1 k2
b = 2.95 in. refer from Figure-2. 0.80 2.43 2.08
d = 3.94 in.
Interpolation, C
CG = b/(2b + d) Refer from Table 10-3 a k
CG = 0.89 in. 1 1.00 2.3
eccentricity, e = 4.63 in. 1.177 C
l = 3.94 in. 2 1.20 1.97
From AISC Manual, Table 8-8:
a = 1.177 in. a=e/l f = 0.75
k = 0.75 k=b/l C = 2.26 by interpolation from Table 8-8 AISC

## Dmin = 2.062 < 3 Ok!

Note the the final design detail includes a 3/8 in. gap between the ends of the beam added for construction tolerance.