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Sociedade e Estado

ISSN: 0102-6992
revistasol@unb.br
Universidade de Braslia
Brasil

Serna, Miguel
Reconversin y conservadurismo poltico en Brasil: los lmites del cambio
Sociedade e Estado, vol. 21, nm. 2, mayo-agosto, 2006, pp. 415-458
Universidade de Braslia
Braslia, Brasil

Disponible en: http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=339930884006

Cmo citar el artculo


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Pgina de la revista en redalyc.org Proyecto acadmico sin fines de lucro, desarrollado bajo la iniciativa de acceso abierto
RECONVERSIN Y CONSERVADURISMO
POLTICO EN BRASIL: los lmites del cambio
Miguel Serna"

Resumen: El artculo aborda los cambios polticos recientes de la


democracia y los partidos polticos de Brasil desde una perspectiva
histrica comparativa. La hiptesis central es que para explicar la
naturaleza y lmites de los cambios electorales hay que comprender
las dificultades histricas de los procesos de democratizacin y el
peso de una matriz sociopoltica conservadora. En la primera seccin
se analiza la formacin de una matriz sociopoltica conservadora
y las debilidades de la democratizacin entre 1945 y 1964. En
la segunda seccin se aborda la dinmica de la democracia y los
partidos polticos en las ltimas dos dcadas para identificar los
lmites de los cambios polticos electorales recientes.

Palabras clave: democracia, conservadurismo, partidos polticos,


cambios polticos.

El triunfo de una coalicin poltica liderada por un partido de


izquierda en Brasil para las elecciones nacionales de 2002 abri un
amplio espectro de expectativas con respecto a los cambios polticos
y sociales en dicho pas y sus impactos hacia la regin.

Cules son los cambios que se estn produciendo?, es, por


cierto, una pregunta difcil de responder y que ha generado una
fuerte polmica durante el primer ao del nuevo gobierno que
continua hasta el final del mandato. Por una parte, se han alzado
voces crticas desde la propia izquierda sobre las insuficiencias
de las reformas sociales y la continuidad de las polticas pasadas

* Professor do Departamento de Sociologia da Facultad de Ciencias Sociales e da Facultad


de Ciencias Econmicas y de Administracin da Universidad da Repblica - Uruguai;
doutor em poltica comparada e integraco latino-americana pela Universidade Federal do
Rio Grande do Sul- Brasil. E-mail: miguel@fcs.edu.uy
Artigo recebido em 13 fev. 2005; aprovado em 3 nov. 2005.

- - - - - - - - - - S o c i e d a d e e Estado, Braslia, v. 21, n. 2, p. 415-458, maio/ago. 2006


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