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SPSS Assignment 11 Questions

Pearsons r Correlation Coefficient

In this assignment, you will be generating Pearsons r correlation coefficients using


SPSS and the World 95 data file. Remember that in this data file, the cases are a
random sample of countries, not people.

1. Open the World 95 data file.


2. Generate a correlation matrix containing the variables People Living in
Cities % (urban), People Who Read % (literacy), Infant Mortality (babymort),
Daily Calorie Intake (calories) and Fertility (fertility).
a. Go down the Analyze Menu to Correlate, then over and click on
Bivariate.
b. Place the designated variables in Variables box.
c. Click OK.
2. Use the output statistics to answer the following questions. Submit your
output statistics and answers to the questions on Blackboard.

1. Which two variables have the strongest relationship?

Infant Mortality (babymort) & People Who Read (literacy) -.900

2. Which two variables have the weakest relationship?

Fertility (avg. number of kids) & People Living in Cities -.619

3. How would you describe the strength and direction of the relationship
between Daily Calorie Intake and Infant Mortality?

-.777 Strong, negative relationship

4. How would you interpret the meaning of the relationship between Daily
Calorie Intake and Infant Mortality?
Countries with a higher calorie intake have lower infant mortality rates;
countries with lower calorie intake have higher infant mortality rates.

5. Can we be 95% confident that all of the relationships shown on this


correlation matrix exist in the population?

Yes, we can be 95% confident these relationships exist in the population.


the sig = .000 for all variables; .000<.05 (95% confidence level)

6. How would you describe the strength and direction of the relationship
between fertility and infant mortality?

.833 Strong, positive relationship

7. How would you interpret the meaning of the relationship between fertility
and infant mortality?

Countries with a high avg. number of kids (fertility) have high infant
mortality rates; countries with a low avg. number of kids have lower
infant mortality rates.

8. How would you describe the strength and direction of the relationship
between literacy and infant mortality?

-.900 Strong, negative relationship

9. How would you interpret the meaning of the relationship between literacy
and infant mortality?

Countries with a high literacy rate have a lower rate of infant mortality;
countries with a low literacy rate have a higher rate of infant mortality.
10. Can we be 99% confident that the relationship between fertility and infant
mortality exists in the population of all countries?
Yes, we can be 99% confident this relationship exists. sig = .000; .
000<.01 (99% confidence level)

Submit your output statistics and answers to the questions on Blackboard.