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Stability of Cantilever Retaining Walls Abdulrahman Alhabshi

Texas Tech University Units E


Prepared by Abdulrahman Alhabshi

Date September 28, 2017


Identification Cantilever Retaining Wall with 500 psf Surcharge ft
qs = 500 psf
pcf
Input Data lbs
Units of Measurement E 1 5 lbs-ft
b
ft2
Wall lbs/ft
Stem height 20 ft g conc 150
Footing thickness 2 ft
Include Footing embedment, D 6 ft 1 1 H' = 22 Fill Ka Kp
Stem thickness - top 1 ft H = 20 Pqs 3,333 Simple Rankine 0.333 3.000
Stem thickness - bottom 1 ft 2 Coulomb 0.333 3.000
Toe extension, btoe Pa
7 ft 0 8,067 Rankine with ba 0.577 2.909
Heel extension, bh 9 ft 3 0.333 3.000
Base Length, B 17 ft H' = 22.00
Backfill angle, b 0 deg D H3 = 0.00
4
Surcharge Load Yes Yes Include
qs 500 psf h No Do Not Include
Base Key ? No Bt = 7 Bh = 9
1 qs = 500

Backfill Soil B = 17
g Fill 100 pcf
f' Fill 30 deg
c' Fill 0 psf
Earth Pressure Theory Simple Rankine h d
Ka 0.333 0 0 k = 2/3 0.7 1.0
Pa = 0.5 KagH' 2 8,067 lbs/ft ckB 0.0
Pqs = (qsKa) H 3,333 lbs/ft SV tan k f 15068.8
Kp = tan2 (45+f/2) 3.00
Natural Soil at Base Pkey = 0.5 Kpgh2 150 0
g Soil 100 pcf Reduce D= 6
f' soil 30 deg No PD = 0.5 KpgD2 5400.0 5400.0
c' Soil 0 psf 2c sqrt(Kp) D 0.0
Allowable bearing pressure, qall 3000 psf Pp 5400.0
Forces & Moments Vertical Forces
Resisting Moment 290,850 lbs-ft Element Area Weight Mom. Arm Moment
Overturning Moment 88,356 lbs-ft ft2 lbs ft lbs-ft
Net Moment 202,494 lbs-ft 1 180 18,000.0 12.50 225,000.0
Rz = SV + qs(Bh) 30,600 lbs 2 20 3,000.0 7.50 22,500.0
Pp = Pkey + PpD 5,400 lbs/ft 3 0 0.0 7.00 0.0
SFR = SV tanf + Bc+Pp+Pkey 20,469 lbs/ft 4 34 5,100.0 8.50 43,350.0
SFSliding = Ph + Ph qs 11,400 lbs/ft

SV 26,100.0 SMR 290,850.0


Results Horizontal Forces
Pa 8,066.7 7.33 59,155.6
Sliding FS = 1.80 OK Pqs 3,333.3 12.00 40,000.0
Overturning FS = 3.29 OK PpD -5,400.0 2.00 -10,800.0
Resultant Location, x = MNet/Rz x= 6.62 ft Pkey 0.0 0.50 0.0
e = |B/2 - x| e= 1.88 ft SFd 6,000.0 SMo 88,355.6
B/6 = 2.83 ft
Ok, e < B/6 - Resultant located in the middle third

Check Bearing Capcity

q max = (Rz/A)(1+(6e/B)) = 2,996 psf


q min = (Rz/A)(1-(6e/B)) = 604 psf
Bearing pressure OK? Yes
Backfill Soil

Rankines's Earth Pressure

f' 30 KaR KpR

1-sinf' 0.500 1-sinf' 0.500


1+sinf' 1.500 1+sinf' 1.500

KaR 0.333 KaR 3

Coulomb's Earth Pressure

f' 30 KaC KpC


d 0
h 0 cos2(f'-h) 0.750 cos2(f'+h) 0.750
b 0 cos(h+d) 1.000 cos(h-d) 1.000
cos2h 1.000 cos2h 1.000
sin(f'+d) 0.500 sin(f'+d) 0.500
sin(f'-b) 0.500 sin(f'+b) 0.500
cos(h+d) 1.000 cos(h-d) 1.000
cos(h-b) 1.000 cos(h-b) 1.000

KaC = 0.333 KpC = 3.000

Rankines's Earth Pressure For a Sloping Backfill and a Sloping Wall Face

f' 30 KaR KpR


h 0
b 0 sinb 0.000 sinb 0.000
qa 60.00 sinf' 0.500 sinf' 0.500
qp 30.00 qa 60.000 qp 30.000
cos(b-h) 1.000 cos(b-h) 1.000
sin2f' 0.250 sin2f' 0.250
sin f' 0.500 sin f' 0.500
cos qa 0.500 cos qp 0.866
cos2h 1.000 cos2h 1.000
cos b 1.000 cos b 1.000
sin2b 0.000 sin2b 0.000
KaR 0.577 KpR = 2.909
Stem Desing of a Retaining Wall

Flexural Reinforcement

Top Stem Thickness 1 ft a 0.00


Bottom Stem Thickness 1 ft a= 1.47 As in
Stem Height 20 ft qs = 500 psf
Clear Cover 3 in
g 100 pcf
Ka 0.333
fy 60 ksi
fc 4 ksi

z Thichness d Mu Vu As As min As
of stem 0.0018bh
(ft) (ft) (in) (lbs-ft/ft) lbs (in2) (in2) (in2)
0 1 9 0.0 0.0 0.000 0.259 0.259
4 1 9 1,360.0 1,020.0 0.003 0.259 0.259
8 1 9 7,857.8 2,946.7 0.016 0.259 0.259
12 1 9 23,120.0 5,780.0 0.048 0.259 0.259
16 1 9 50,773.3 9,520.0 0.105 0.259 0.259
20 1 9 94,444.4 14,166.7 0.198 0.259 0.259

0.0 10,000.020,000.030,000.040,000.050,000.060,000.070,000.080,000.090,000.0100,000.0
0

8
Depth, z (ft)

10

12

14

16

18

20

Mu, ft-lbs
Vu, lbs

Mu Vu