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Yom Kippur

The Day of Atonement

Num 29:7 Then on the tenth day of this seventh month you shall have
a holy convocation, and you shall humble yourselves; you shall not do
any work.
Lev 23:32 It is a day of sabbath rest for you, and you must deny
yourselves. From the evening of the ninth day of the month until the
following evening you are to observe your sabbath.

Lev 23:27-28,31-32 On exactly the tenth day of this seventh month is

the Day of Atonement...for it is a day of atonement, to make atonement
on your behalf before YHVH your Elohim.... You shall do no work at all.
It is to be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your
dwelling places. It is to be a Sabbath of complete rest to you, and you
shall humble your souls; on the ninth of the month at evening, from
evening until evening you shall keep your Sabbath.

Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur is connected to Yom Teruah through the word yom.
Yom is an indication of time, meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm
hours), whether literal (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next),
age, daily, life, now, old, time, (full) year(-ly). Yom has the gematria of 56
and links to the following words that reveal an End Time context of the
judgement of YHVH known as the Day of YHVH.

kool meaning to seize, to contain, to measure.

Bedan meaning in judging (being judged).

na-ah meaning abode of Shepherd, habitation.
ay-mah meaning terror, dread.

Kippur is the word kaphar meaning to cover with pitch, to appease,

make (an atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon,
purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile(-liation). It is first used in Scripture in
Gen 6:14 where it describes Noahs Ark that was covered with pitch.
Combining these two ideas gives us the insight that Yom Kippur is in an End
Time context, similar to the days of Noah, and the Ark is represented by a
Shepherds Abode as revealed by the word shamar (thorny hedge) we
have looked at previously.
Luke 17:26-33 Just as it was in the days of Noah, so also will it be
in the days of the Son of Man. 27 People were eating, drinking,
marrying and being given in marriage up to the day Noah entered the
ark. Then the flood came and destroyed them all. 28 It was the same in
the days of Lot. People were eating and drinking, buying and selling,
planting and building. 29 But the day Lot left Sodom, fire and sulfur
rained down from heaven and destroyed them all. 30 It will be just
like this on the day the Son of Man is revealed. 31 On that day no one
who is on the housetop, with possessions inside, should go down to get
them. Likewise, no one in the field should go back for anything.
32 Remember Lots wife! 33 Whoever tries to keep their life will lose it,

and whoever loses their life will preserve it.

Yom Kippur is on the tenth day of Tishri (seventh month) but in Lev 23:32 it
reveals it starting on the evening of the 9th day.
Lev 23:32 It is a day of sabbath rest for you, and you must deny
yourselves. From the evening of the ninth day of the month until the
following evening you are to observe your sabbath.
Looking at Lev 23:32 reveals something very interesting that only stands out
in the Hebrew:

Placing this verse on the Menorah Pattern (11 branch) reveals the centre
word (chodesh) as the most important word. Chodesh means day of the
month as well as new moon.
Protected and Cleansed by YHVHs Rest: The first two words on the left
and the last two words on the right relate to the Sabbath, entering YHVHs
rest. The first and last sabbaths are pronounced the same and basically
means the day of rest. The word shabbatown means a special
Sabbath like Yom Kippur, which does not fall on a normal weekly Sabbath but
associated with a Feast Day Sabbath.
The second last sabbath on the right
means you shall celebrate, celebrate, cause
(make) to fail, keep (sabbath), suffer to be
lacking, leave, put away (down), (make to)
rest, rid, still, take away. This sabbath is
connected with the sabbathown or Feast
Day Sabbath. The purpose of this special
Sabbath is to remove and take away things
that cause you not to draw closer to YHVH.
Every Feast day has a theme and deals with a
certain part in you that needs to be refined on a yearly basis as you celebrate
and remember these Sabbaths. These are YHVHs cleansing cycles that
help you to be prepared as part of His Bride and enter into His Rest.
Looking at the Menorah Pattern, the two outer Sabbaths contain and
protects you within YHVHs Rest. The Sabbats protective attributes are
maintained when you partake in the inner two Sabbaths. This allows you to
be in YHVHs cleansing cycle, exposing you to all the yearly High Sabbaths
which occur on the Feast Days.
Q What else do we find inside this Menorah Pattern?

On the left there are three words; anah nephesh tesha, which means
afflict your souls on the ninth. Lets see what this phrase represents.
To Afflict: The next word on the left is anah that means looking down,
to depress, abase self, afflict(-ion, self), chasten self, deal hardly with, humble
(self), submit self, weaken. It comes from the root word anah, which means
pay attention; by implication, to respond; testify, announce, give account,
(cause to, give) answer, cry, hear, testify, utter, (bear) witness. Anah is first
found in Scripture in Gen 18:27:
And Abraham answered (anah) and said, Behold now, I have taken
upon me to speak unto YHVH, which am but dust and ashes
This is in context of Abraham interceding for the people of Sodom and
Gomorrah that place the meaning of afflicting your soul on Yom Kippur in the
right context. It is all about humbling yourself and pray for the nations, all the
people who are still entrapped in sin and bondage in this world system called

Soul is the word nephesh that represents fleshliness. This reveals another
aspect that needs to be addressed during the time of Yom Kippur, laying
down your fleshliness and recommitting to YHVH on a deeper level.
False Shepherds: The number 9 is represented by the letter tet u,
meaning support, staff and serpent. This letter gives us a warning that
there will be false shepherds (supports/staff) who are under the authority
of the Serpent who will deceive even the elect (believers). Nine precedes
the number ten that means completion, and nine is related to the evening,
and ten is related to the day or light. The false teachers and prophets will
come before sunset (dark time tribulation) to deceive YHVHs people so
that will not be prepared for His Coming. Yom Kippur is the time when you
intercede for the people of YHVH who are entrapped in the claws of these
false teachers. The next step is to pray for these false teachers and Prophets
so that their eyes can be opened and repent.
Moving over to the right side of the Menorah Pattern we see the word erev
repeated three times. Erev means sunset, evening and night. It comes
from the root word arab meaning to grow dusky and covering as with a
texture. This is the same concept as the word kaphar, the covering with
pitch. Erev is first found in Scripture in Judges 19:9 where it talks about the
Levite with his concubine and she was killed by the Sons of Belial
(Benjaminites), the lawless ones. Erev links to the meaning of the number
9 that describes false leaders, but this time it is the followers who are
killing the Bride from within.
Q How many people in the Body of Messiah are killing their brothers and
sisters in Messiah with their snappy remarks and insults?
This reveals that we should intercede for those in the Body of Messiah who is
immature and cause infighting amongst the brethren.

From Evening Till Morning

There are patterns in Scripture that form the basis for interpreting truth. One
of these patterns is the concept of darkness and light, night and day. There
are people who believe the day starts at sunrise, but that is not what the pre-
determined pattern stipulates.
When YHVH started the creation process in Gen 1:2-4, the earth was void
and without form, and darkness existed. Then YHVH created light and
separated the darkness from the light. Darkness existed before light existed
as revealed through YHVHs creation. YHVH took it from a state of darkness
and placed it into a state of light. This concept or pattern exists where YHVH
takes something or someone from a lower state (darkness), and restore or
move it to a higher state (light). Humanity currently exists in a lower fallen
state and are in the process of being brought into a higher elevated state.
In Gen 1:14-18, YHVH created the sun, moon and stars on Day 4, with the
moon ruling the night and the sun ruling the day. This implies that our lower
state is ruled by the moon and the higher final state, by the sun.

The symbolism reveals that the higher state
is where the fullness of light is, which is the
fullness of the truth (light). That means we
can only receive the fullness of the revealed
truth when we are in the final elevated state
after the Work of Messiah is complete. The
same argument holds true for the moon and
its light. The moon, shining at its fullest is
only reflecting the light from the sun, but not
its intensity. The moon reveals the outline,
the shape and size of the sun, but can
never reveal the suns true essence and
Then there are the moon phases, which
start with the dark moon, then the sliver, the
first light (truth revelation), and then it
grows, revealing more and more light until it
reaches its final stage of maturity symbolised by the full moon. The same
pattern of moving from a place of no light, to a place of full light is seen in the
phases of the moon. The moon is a symbol of how we start off in darkness,
living as sinners in this world, then we receive the sliver of hope, and become
born again. As you learn more truth you grow in reflecting light (truth) until you
reach full spiritual maturity, just like the full moon.
These thoughts regarding night and day, evening and morning were triggered
by Lev 23:32, stating that Yom Kippur begins on the 9th day at sunset.
Q Why did YHVH present the information in this way, He could have just
said that Yom Kippur is on the 10th of the Seventh Month?
This means that Yom Kippur starts at the end of day 9, as the sun sets,
continues throughout the day of the 10th, until the sun sets in the evening. The
day lasts from evening till evening. In the same manner the sacrifice of the
Passover lamb also happened between the evenings. Yshua was taken
captive after midnight in the garden of Gethsemane,. He died during the day
and was placed in the grave before sunset, which started the High Sabbath
on the 15th of Nissan, and confirms the phrase between the evenings,
(erev to erev).
Yom Kippur follows the same pattern explained previously, where something
starts in darkness and moves into light, and this is true for all the Appointed
Times. When you started doing the Feasts, you had no clue what they were
all about (darkness / night), but the more you learn, as you celebrate each
Feast, the more you understand the truths behind each Appointed Time (light
/ day).

Where are we now?

Last week we learned the importance of the sun, moon and stars. The middle
branch of the Menorah (4th branch), represents the creation cycle, when
YHVH created the sun, moon and stars on the 4th day, which associates with
the moedim or Appointed Times and the Work of the Messiah.
The same pattern is revealed from Lev 23:32, where chodesh (new moon) is
represented by the middle branch, underlining the cycle of the moon and its
importance. The same pattern, where the moon goes from darkness into light,
is also seen at the start of Yom Kippur, beginning at sunset on the 9th
(darkness), going into the light of day on the 10th. This pattern is also true for
the overall Feast Cycle. Where Yom Teruah, grows out of darkness, and
begins when the sliver of the New Moon appears, then transitions over to
Yom Kippur, shining more and more light, and ultimately arriving at Sukkot.
The full moon symbolises the fulness of the truth revealed to us in the final
elevated state after the work of Messiah is complete.
Then the Feast Cycle for the year ends and we have to wait for the signs in
the heavens and in the land to observe the beginning of the next Feast Cycle,
which begins on Nissan 1, with the sighting of chodesh or the sliver of a New
Moon. The moon grows, beginning at the Feast of Passover (sliver of Full
Moon) and becomes a full moon by the Feast of Unleavened Bread (100%
Full Moon), shining YHVHs light brightly.
Do you see the Cycles and themes that depict moving from darkness into
light? This is where you grow from a place of ignorance into truth, from a
lower sinful state into a restored elevated state, and ultimately, progress from
only knowing about God, into an intimate relationship with the Father.

Yom Kippurs Prophetic Timeframe

Erev is used three times in Lev 23:32 and means dusk, grow dark and
evening. This is the time when the day transforms into night, when the light
fades into darkness. The word associated with the opposite of erev is
shakam meaning morning.

Shakam is first used in Scripture in 1 Sam 17:16 where it says, And the
Philistine drew near morning (shakam) and evening (erev), and presented
himself forty days. This is the story of David and Goliath where Jesse sent
David to take food for his brothers. Goliath comes from the root word galah
meaning carry away and taken into exile, to uncover, to remove. Goliath
represents the enemy, namely the Serpent and in the meaning of galah it
reveals that Satan will be bound (taken into exile) at the beginning of the
1000-year Winepress period associated with Yom Kippur. We discussed this
in Parashah 47 (Re-eh). From this study we, see that Yom Kippur starts as
the Winepress starts (morning) which implies that DUSK is when the Great
Tribulation / Harvest / Threshing Floor occurs. The final fulfilment of Yom
Kippur (final judgement) occurs at the end of the Winepress as indicated
below, showing that Yom Kippur represents a prophetic time period and not
only one day.

Shakam consists of a Shin , which means fire and the Spirit of YHVH, a
, which means hand and mem , meaning Word. The center of the
word is the goal and the two letters on the left and right support the centre
letter. This word shows that the hands or actions of the people during that
time will only be supported and guided by the Word and the Spirit of YHVH.

We celebrated Yom Teruah last week, this weekend is Yom Kippur, and then
we will celebrate Sukkot, the last three Festivals in one month, which is the 7th
Month. We looked at the significance of the number 7 and how it relates to the
Covenant (protection) and curses. Yom Kippur represents a time of
preparation leading from darkness into light, in the context of Abraham
interceding for the people, before YHVH revealed the fulness of His light,
which were experienced as judgement for the inhabitants Sodom and
Gomorrah, but salvation to Lot and his family.

Yom Kippur is about preparing your heart, afflicting or casting down your
nephesh (fleshly soul), submitting it to YHVHs authority. Yom Kippur is also
about interceding for Bride who is still trapped in Babylon, deceived by the
Sons of Belial, who is killing the Bride to be. Yom Kippur is the time to pray
for all leadership, especially for those who lead the people of YHVH as well as
for the False Shepherds, so that their eyes can be opened and repent from
teaching false doctrines. Yom Kippur is a time to pray for unconverted family
members, for family and friends who are still entrapped in this world, for
people in eth nations, so that they all can start to see the first sliver of light,
and come into the brightness of the revelation of Who YHVH really is. We, as
believers of Messiah, who can see the light, need to help those who are still
blind, those who are short-sighted and those who have blinkers on, to be
healed from their state of blindness, so that they can receive the Truth that
will set them free, and be ready for the Brightness of His Coming.