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WORK INSTRUCTION

Indonesia Indosat Project Work Instruction

GSM - DCS ULTRASITE


Document: ANTENNA SYSTEM
WORK INSTRUCTIONS

REFERENCE DOCUMENTS

ANTENNA INSTALLATION

FEEDER INSTALLATION

RET AND MHA INSTALLATION

BIRD PROOFING

ANTENNA LINE COMMISSIONING

PERFORMING SWEEPS

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

ATTACHMENTS

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WORK INSTRUCTION

Disclaimer

Due to continued progress in methodology, design and manufacturing, the


contents of this document are subject to revision without notice. Nokia
assumes no legal responsibility for any error or damage resulting from the
use of this manual.

This document has been produced to describe the specific requirements for
Antenna System Testing for the Optus 3G Turnkey Rollout Australia.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. REFERENCE DOCUMENTS 5

2. ANTENNA LINE CONFIGURATIONS 6

2.1 MORAN or Optus only site, No RET or MHA 6

2.2 MORAN or Optus Only Site With RET and MHA 7

2.3 INNER Site With RET and MHA 8

3. ANTENNA INSTALLATION 9

3.1 Preliminary 9

3.2 Assembly/Installation 9

3.3 Alignment. 10
3.3.1 Down Tilt 10
3.3.2 Antenna Azimuth 10
3.3.2.1 Method 1 Landmark Method 10
3.3.2.2 Method 2 Artificial Landmark Method 11
3.3.2.3 Method 3 11
3.3.3 Results 11
3.3.4 Completion of Work 12

3.4 Magnetic Declinations of Australian Capital Cities 12

3.5 Feeder Connectors 13


3.5.1 Tools 13
3.5.2 Materials 13
3.5.3 Weather Proofing the Connector 13

3.6 Grounding Kit 13


3.6.1 Tools 13
3.6.2 Materials 13
3.6.3 Grounding Kit Installation 14
3.6.4 Weather Proofing the Grounding Kit 14

3.7 Dual-MHA, RCU, Smart Bias-T and Lighting Protector Installation 15


3.7.1 Smart Bias-T and Lighting Protector Installation 15
3.7.1.1 MHA and Bias-T are not used 15
3.7.1.2 MHA and Bias-T are used 15
3.7.2 Dual MHA Installation 15
3.7.3 RCU Installation 15

3.8 Labels 16
3.8.1 Jumper Cables In WBTS Head on Co-Located Site 16
3.8.2 Jumper Cables In WBTS Head on MORAN Site 16
3.8.3 RF Cable Labels 17
3.8.4 Kathrein RET 18

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3.9 Bird proofing Feeders 19


3.9.1 Bird proofing Standards. 19
3.9.2 Monopoles 19
3.9.3 Lattice/Free Standing/Guyed Towers/Water Tanks 19
3.9.4 Rooftops 20

3.10 RF Feeder Numbering (Labeling) 21

3.11 Microwave Equipment Labeling 21


3.11.1 Microwave Transmission Functional Entity (FE) Labeling 21

4. ANTENNA LINE COMMSSIONING INTRODUCTION 22

4.1 Purpose 22

4.2 Target Group 22

4.3 Prerequisites 22

4.4 Test Equipment 23


4.4.1 Software 23
4.4.2 Instruments 23
4.4.3 Documentation 24

4.5 SETUP and callibration of sitemaster 25


4.5.1 Checking the Installation 25
4.5.1.1 Entering Cable Parameters 26
4.5.2 Performing a Calibration 26

4.6 Performing Sweeps 29


4.6.1 Sweep Order and Summary 29
4.6.2 Purpose 29
4.6.3 Sweep 1 Cable Loss (NodeB MHA) 30
4.6.4 Sweep 2 - Distance To Fault (Whole Antenna Line) 32
4.6.5 Sweep 3 Return Loss (Whole System) 34

4.7 Additional Information 37

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1. REFERENCE DOCUMENTS

NOKIA PRODUCT DOCUMENTATION

Nokia UltraSite GSM BTS Indoor User Manual


Nokia FlexBus User Manual
Nokia Hopper User Manual

INDOSAT DOCUMENTATION

INDOSAT NOKIA PROJECT SPECIFIC DOCUMENTATION


WBTS Site Work Instructions

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2. ANTENNA LINE CONFIGURATIONS

2.1

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2.2 BTS Antenna Mounting FRAME TYPE (Tower Site)

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2.3 2.2 BTS Antenna Mounting (Tower Site)

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2.3 Antenna Types & Specifications

KATHREIN 730378 (GSM)

KATHREIN 739630 (GSM)

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ADC VM65-7 (GSM)

ADC XW65 5 (DCS)

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ADC ANTENNA DOWNTILT KIT

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ANTENNA INSTALLATION SEQUENCE (TOWER /MINIPOLE / MONOPOLE)

2.4 BTS Microwave Antenna Mounting Brackets

3. Ensure that the correct antenna mounting bracket hardware has been delivered for the site and
carefully inspect all metalwork for manufacturing or galvanizing defects.

1) Hoist and assemble all components securely on the tower in the specified positions , double
checking that all mounting hardware is torque tightened to approx 60nM.

2) NOTE :: All BTS and microwave antenna mounting brackets must be installed before the
feeder cables to remove any possibility of damage.

3.1 Preliminary

1) Unpack the Antenna(s), check the condition of delivered items and report any damage or
deficiencies immediately to Nokia. Check that the Antenna Type Numbers on the boxes
delivered to site match those detailed in the site specific data.

2) Note down which antennas are for each sector if there is a mix of different types, and the
associated function of the antenna,if dual polarity is not used eg Tx/Rx, RxDiv., Tx/RxDiv

3) Remove Antenna Factory Test Certificate from each antenna and also mark each certificate
with the Sector and function eg: Tx/Rx. Insert certificates into relevant section of the Site
Folder.

4) NOTE:: Remove any metal fasteners from the antenna cardboard boxes and use as a
protective floor covering for the equipment cabin / room during site installation.

3.2 Assembly/Installation

1) Assemble antenna mount and down tilt assembly as per Kathrein / ADC installation
instructions.

2) If MHA is / are used, determine position of the unitr in relation to antenna. Determine the
jumper cable length from the MHA to antenna allowing for azimuth changes of +/- 30 Deg. A
Jumper length of approximately 1.5 Meters suits most installations. However some
installations may require longer jumpers, (seek approval from Nokia).
Note: MHA may be positioned on antenna mounting pole without obstructing any
azimuth changes.

3) Feeders must have a straight attachment path as possible to the MHA and be secured to
prevent movement in windy conditions..

4) Secure pulley block & tackle to head frame to allow antennas to be hoisted safely.

5) Install each antenna on the antenna mount, monopole type, tower type or rooftop type in
accordance with the Manufacturers Installation Instruction Sheet supplied with each Antenna
and as per the construction drawing supplied.

INSERT PIX HERE OF JUMPER SECURING AND MHA


6) Check that the correct microwave dish / frequency / flexible waveguide have been delivered
and free from damage. Note serial numbers if applicable. Assemble dish / head unit as per
manufacturers instructions ensuring the correct launcher polarity has been set. Hoist carefully
to avoid damage and secure to mounting bracket / pole.

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3.3 Alignment.

3.3.1 BTS Antenna Down Tilt

Check if the BTS antenna used require mechanical or electrical downtilt adjustment

Mechanical Down tilt: is set by adjusting the deviation from perpendicular at the rear of the
antenna with an inclinometer. This inclinometer should be accurate within +- 0.5 degrees.
The type and model of the inclinator should be noted in site folder. Check antenna
installation sheet for setting electrical downtilt.

NOTE: the down tilt bracket of an antenna cannot be used instead of an inclinometer
because it cannot be guaranteed that the mounting pole is perpendicular.

Simple, easy to use, accurate Inclinometer.

3.3.2 BTS Antenna Azimuth

Three methods apply for the azimuth alignment of antennas. The method used should be noted on the
antenna installation report.

The antenna azimuth tool (sighting device) can be purchased from various suppliers. One such
suggested supplier is Alan Dick & Company on the Internet where the following model can be
purchased online. If this link doesnt work, try a regular search engine using antenna azimuth tool
panel antenna as keywords.

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3.3.2.1 Method 1 Landmark Method

1. Using a true north map. A line should be drawn from the antenna at the bearing stated in the RF
plan.

2. Another line should be drawn for the antenna to another known landmark. This landmark should
be over 500 meters from the antenna, but must be on the same map page.

3. The angle between the two lines should be measured using a protractor

4. Using an adjustable sighting device. Set the angle measured on the map on the sighting device.

5. Line the antenna, sighting it at the chosen landmark through the device

6. Record all information in the site folder.

3.3.2.2 Method 2 Artificial Landmark Method

1. Where no landmark is visible from the site or appears on your map, an artificial landmark can be
made at least 100m from the site at a known bearing from the site.

2. Steelwork of the site will distort the magnetic field , so a magnetic compass cannot be used in
the vicinity of the site.

3. An accurate bearing of an artificial marker (landmark) can be gained by finding an open space
(away from any buildings or cars or other metals) where a marker can be placed, and a compass
back bearing of the site can be taken.

4. By taking the bearing of the site from the marker, the bearing of the marker from the site can be
calculated as the opposite (i.e. +or-180 degrees difference).

5. Convert the magnetic bearing to a true north bearing, because the antenna azimuth will always
be given as a true north bearing.

6. Taking into account the magnetic declination of your position (consult your map) or the true north
bearing of the marker is then known. (True North Bearing = Magnetic North Bearing Magnetic
Declination).

7. Now use METHOD 1 above to complete the alignment.

8. Record all information in the site folder

3.3.2.3 Method 3

This is the least preferred method and must be checked by an independent third party.

1. Where a sighting device cannot be fitted. A back bearing should be measured from a distance
greater than 100 meters (if possible).

2. From the back bearing point, using binoculars, the man at the antenna should be instructed
which way to point the antenna so that it has the correct azimuth.

3. This should be checked by reversing the roles of the two men and also by an independent third
party.

4. Record all information in the antenna installation report.

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NOTE
If the required amount of tilt is nominated as Electrical make the adjustments in
accordance with the procedure in the Manufacturers Installation Instruction Sheet
supplied with each antenna.

If the required amount of tilt is nominated as Mechanical make the adjustments in


accordance with the procedure in the Manufacturers Installation Instruction Sheet
supplied with each antenna.

3.3.3 Results

Type needed antenna line information in the site folder.

3.3.4 Completion of Work

1. Remove any floor protection and remove all rubbish.

2. Clean room and or surrounding site area.

3. Arrange for any rubbish to be removed from site.

3.4 Magnetic Declinations of Indonesian Cities

Jakarta East of true North


Semerang East of true North
Yogyakarta East of true North
Surabaya East of true North

Note:
(Source is an online calculator is available at the following website: http://www.

Example for TN
Example for : TN Magnetic North is
Magnetic North is "- MN
MN "+12.697o East of True
1.752o East of True North" as shown
North" (or +1.752 o
West of True North) as
shown

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2.9 RF Feeder Installation

1. Feeder cable will be supplied to most sites on a cable drum. It is crucial that the drum is
maintained in an upright position at all times to avoid cable crushing.

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2. The RF connectors are in turn installed on the cable, following the manufacturers instructions,
and each feeder is hoisted, in turn, up the tower with one person controlling the drum rotation.

Feeder Cable Drum


Support

Drum jacks & axle must


be used to support the
drum while rolling out
feeder

Feeder Cable Drum


Unrolling

Feeder must be unrolled


from top of the drum
and the drum rotated in
the indicated direction.
There must be one
person controlling the
rotation at all times

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Connector Installation

3.4.1 Tools

1. Knife.

2. Clean Cloth.

3. Hacksaw (fine tooth) or Andrews Cutting tool

4. Fixed wrench for connector tightening.

5. Torque wrench (25nM) for feeder connector tightening.

Rosenburger 1 5/8 Connector

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Additional Connector Installation Notes

Notes additional to Installation Instructions

Cut an accurate square end on the cable


with a fine tooth hacksaw or a commercial
cable cutter.If a hacksaw is used the cable
must be tilted downwards to eliminate
cutting swarf from entering the centre
conductor

2 Remove 60mm of outer insulation

Cut an accurate square end on the cable


60mm on a corrigation crest with a fine tooth
3
hacksaw if a commercial cutter is not
used.The cable must be tilted downwards
to eliminate cutting swarf from entering the
centre conductor

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4
1 2 3 4

4mm

Cut back outer insulation approx 4mm


more than the instructions indicate.

Dress the inner and outer copper conductors with a fine


grade file then clean all swarf and foreign material from
the foam dielectric using a copper wire brush

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These two wrenches


are essential for the installation
Max 5mm gauge of 1 5/8 connectors

55mm
NOTE:: Indosat do not
provide any connector
installation tools

45mm

1 5/8 Cable

IMPORTANT
45mm Wrenches 55mm The 55mm wrench is held static
and the connector body is screwed together
turning the 45mm wrench

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15/8 Cable

IMPORTANT
Apply 2 layers of electrical tape over the area
indicated
IMPORTANT
Ensure that the protective
plastic cover is in place
and seal with rubber tape
The cable is now ready for hoisting and installing

RF Feeder Cable Bending

Extreme care must be taken when bending coaxial cable and strict specifications must be
observed. See chart below for minimum bending radius

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RF Feeder Clip Securing


Cable Type Support Distance Spacing

Prefered Max

1/4 Superflex 150mm 200mm

3/8 Superflex 150mm 200mm

1/2 Superflex 250mm 300mm

1 /2 Feeder 500mm 600mm

7/8 Feeder 900mm 1000mm

1-5/8 Feeder 1000mm 1400mm

Weatherproofing

WEATHER PROOFING NEEDED

All ourdoor antenna line connections, grounding kits and wall entries have to be weather proofed.
Connections where weather proofing is needed:
Feeder to feeder
Feeder to antenna and MHA
Feeder to EMP and combiner (if located outdoor)
Grounding kits have to be sealed according to manufacturer instructions.
Wall feed through has to be properly sealed.
Ensure that all connectors are on correct torque before sealing!

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3.4.2 Materials

1. Self-amalgamating tape, 25 mm wide. (3M Scotch No23 or Scotch 130C).

2. PVC insulation tape, 15 mm wide. (3M Scotch Super 33+).

3.4.3 Weather Proofing the Connector

1. After completing the connection according to the instruction of the connector manufacturer,
check the connection surfaces are free of all dirt, grease and moisture and clean with cloth if
necessary.

2. When the connection surfaces are clear and dry, fasten connectors together and tighten to the
specified torque of 25nM.

3. Clean the connection and both cables 50 mm either side of connectors. Be sure there is no dirt,
grease or moisture on the surfaces which going to be cover with tape.

4. Cover the two wraps of PVC insulation tape. Start wrapping 40 mm behind the feeder or RET
connector make every wrap overlap 50% in each direction.

5. Wrap the connection with self-amalgamating tape shiny side up, for two layers. Start wrapping
40 mm behind the feeder connector. One wrap each direction, overlapping 50 %. Make the
wraps so that the stretched tape is tight on the connector. First wrap should end 50mm behind
the other side of connector and second wrap from right to left.

6. Cover the two wraps of self-amalgamating tape with two wraps of PVC insulation tape. Start
wrapping 10 mm behind of self-amalgamating tape make every wrap overlap 50% in each
direction.

Antenna End Jumper Weather Proofing


1. CONNECTION TO BE TAPED USING APPROVED TYPE OF INSULATION TAPE
2. CONNECTION TO BE TAPED USING APPROVED TYPE OF SELF
AMALGAMATING TAPE
3. CONNECTION TO BE TAPED USING APPROVED TYPE OF INSULATION TAPE

CABLE TIE

5 2
0 0

2. STRETCH WRAPPED WRAPS OF


SELF AMALGAMATING TAPE
3. WRAPS OF INSULATION TAPE (STRETCH 30%, OVERLAPPING 50%)
(OVERLAPPING 50%)

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Should use Nokia supplied tapes.


Self amalgamating, insulation tape and a
cable tie is needed

Start self amalgamating round from top


(same with feeder cable)

Apply two rounds of self amalgamating tape,


taping will end to top

Tape on
feeder
50mm

Start insulation round from down and apply


three round of tape,so taping will end to
the top

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Feeder Connector Weather Proofing

1. CONNECTION TO BE TAPED USING APPROVED TYPE OF INSULATION TAPE


2. CONNECTION TO BE TAPED USING APPROVED TYPE OF SELF AMALGAMATING
TAPE
3. CONNECTION TO BE TAPED USING APPROVED TYPE OF INSULATION TAPE
2 5 5 2
0 0 0 0

1. ONE WRAP OF INSULATION TAPE


(OVERLAPPING 50%)

2. TWO STRETCH WRAPPED WRAPS 3. THREE WRAPS OF


OF SELF AMALGAMATING TAPE INSULATION TAPE
(STRETCH 30%, OVERLAPPING 50%) (OVERLAPPING 50%)

3.5 Grounding Kit

Tools and materials required.

3.5.1 Tools

1. Knife.

2. Screw driver for earth strap tightening.

3. Box wrench for earth strap tightening.

4. Clean Cloth.

3.5.2 Materials

1. Earthing kit - (In the case the earthing kit does not include the waterproofing materials, the
following materials should be available).

2. Self-amalgamating tape, 25 mm wide. (3M Scotch No23 or Scotch 130C).

3. PVC insulation tape, 15 mm wide. (3M Scotch Super 33+).

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3.5.3 Grounding Kit Installation

The feeder earth kits must be installed as follows:

1. Top of the vertical feeder install approx 500-1000mm from the connector

2. At the base of the vertical cable rise approx 500-1000mm from the bend

3. Cabin entry point, (Gland Plate).

4. Every 30 meters when possible. CHK CHK CHK

5. Install earth Kits above earth bar (upstream)

6. Install earth wire as directly as possible to earth bar.

7. Install heat shrink on the earth crimp cable shoe connection .

8. Clean earth bar before installation.

Top Feeder Grounding Kit

Antenna Jumper
Cables
Feeders have to be grounded approx 500-
1000mm after antenna jumper
connection.
All feeder grounding kits have to be
Feeder
connected to feeder grounding
label busbar .
Feeder grounding kit manufacturer
material have to be used.
Feeder Grounding
Kit
All cables have to be labeled on both end
of the cable.
Proper tools have to be used during
grounding cable installation.
All cables have to be fixed properly.
FEEDER
GROUNDING
BUSBAR

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Lower Feeder Grounding Kit

Feeders have to be grounded approx.


500-1000mm before horizontal
bending.
All feeder grounding kits have to be
connected to feeder grounding
busbar .
Feeder grounding kit manufacturer
Feeder Grounding
Kit material have to be used.
Used cable lugs have to be suitable for
used grounding cable.
All cables have to be labeled on both end
of the cable.
Proper tools have to be used during
grounding cable installation.
All cables have to be fixed properly.

Cabin / Room Feeder Entry Grounding Kit

Entry Gland Plate

Feeders have to be grounded before feeder


entry of cabin / equipment room.
Feeder Bridge All feeder grounding kits have to be
connected to feeder entry grounding
busbar .
Feeder grounding kit manufacturer material
have to be used.
All cables have to be labeled on both end of
the cable.
Cabin Proper tools have to be used during
To Tower grounding cable installation.
All cables have to be fixed properly.
Earthbar mounted
directly above the
feeder bridge support Down earth cable
pole

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Correct Install

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3.5.4 Weather Proofing the Grounding Kit

Wrap the earth clamp with the mastic provided approximately 30 mm either side of the clamp. Apply
the tape firmly, stretching 30%, overlapping 50% on each rotation upwards and back until a
minimum 3 layers have been applied over the whole area.

Note: Allow the last 2 turns of tape to relax before wrapping them (prevents peeling).

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3.6 Entry Gland plate

The RF feeders must enter the cabin / room according to the Indosat standard

Cabin Layout 1

SPARE SPAR SPAR SPAR


E E E

4110 4120 4130 TRS

4112 4122 4132 GND


SPARE SPARE SPARE SPARE

4110 4120 4130 TRS

RECTIFIER

4112 4122 4132 GND

O R
DO
Sector 1

Sector 2

Sector 3

Feeder Entry Gland Plate


Layout

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Cabin Layout 2

SPAR SPAR SPAR SPAR


E E E E

TRS 4130 4120 4110


SPARE SPARE SPARE SPARE
GND 4132 4122 4112

TRS 4110 4120 4130

RECTIFIER
GND 4112 4122 4132
DO
OR

Sector 3
Sector 2

Sector 1

Feeder Entry Gland Plate


Layout

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BTS Rack Antenna Connection Layout

S1 S2 S3

RXD RXD RXD

TX/RX TX/RX TX/RX

BTS Rack Front

Jumpers Cables have to be installed as


straight as possible.
Avoid additional bendings.
Follow manufacturers bending
instructions.
Proper tools have to be used during
jumper installation.
All cables have to be fixed properly.
Prefabricated jumpers have to be used
always when possible.
On existing sites most practical solution
should be used.
Think about future.

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Bias T Installation (If Required)

DCS 1800 Bias T - WBVB GSM 900 Bias T - WBVC

Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR) monitoring is optional in Ultra Bias Tee
at the moment VSWR monitoring can be performed only on antenna lines including
Tx, on BCCH antennas
Pure Rx diversity antenna (TCH) can not be monitored by VSWR -"Comparing RSSI
Value" will do it in CX3 from BTS
The fixed VSWR thresholds are as follows:
VSWR 2.6 or lower : antenna operation OK
VSWR greater than 2.6 : indicates antenna fault
An alarm is generated in case of antenna fault when VSWR threshold exceeded.
-> alarm raised in the O&M system and the affected TRXs turned off.
VSWR is designed to detect major faults in antenna line, not to be a high accuracy
measurement feature
Note a big RL difference between the antenna line with MHA (e.g.15 dB) and without
MHA (e.g. 20 dB)!
After BTS or sector reset the Bias Tees can automatically be 'placed' to pure Rx line
by default -> use "Preferred BCCH TRX" feature
'Call drop rate' and 'Handover success rate' are still good features/ references to
make sure antenna line is OK

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3.6.1.1 Bias-T Installation

Ensure that the correct Bias T modules have been supplied for the site frequency band. See
identifying illustrations above

Bias T are installed on all antenna feeders at the antenna connections on top of the Ultrasite BTS
rack to afford lightning discharge protection for the coaxial cable centre conductor, as well as
providing feeder VSWR monitoring. They are necessary if MHAs are used on the antenna(s)

As the modules are mounted directly on top of the BTS rack, no extra earthing of the units is
required

All 7/16 RF connectors must be torque tightened to 25nM

Extra care is needed when installing the DC and VSWR SMB connectors as the rack interface
sockets are easily damaged if the plugs are not inserted exactly perpendicularly

Bias T components

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Bias T VSWR and DC SMB Connector Interface on the BTS Rack Top

Bias T VSWR & DC Interface Layout

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Nokia Bias T & Masthead Amplifier Identification Codes

Mast Head Amplifiers

Increase coverage (50.100%)


Balance Rx-Tx link in case of uplink limitation
Improve system sensitivity
Decrease mobile transmitted power
MHA & Bias Tee interfaces smoothly with Nokia BTSs
No extra PDUs or complicated cable sets needed
Type approved with Nokia BTS, to meet GSM spec (in terms of
blocking, intermodulation and sensitivity)

MHA Product Detail


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MHA MNGA900. Rx:880-915 MHz. incl. mounting


kit

POLE INSTALLATION

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WALL INSTALLATION

All MHA equipment have been fully tested in production; no


need to repeat stand alone testing in the field, visual
check is enough.
Check that you are using correct sub band (900/1800!)
Only vertical installation allowed! MHA water drainage is
located at the bottom.
Max. 1/2 jumper size allowed to connect to the MHA
25...30 Nm torque for MHA connectors allowed
Improper installation can cause intermittent alarms or
decrease functionality, e.g. water in connection, however
the MHA can be OK!
Touching the 7/16 connectors can decrease system
performance!
MHA grounding is always recommended
In coastal areas and on islands, use extreme weather
proofing for all connections (see Nokia Antenna Bulletin)

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3.6.1.2 MHA Installation

Smart Bias-T is connected to antenna connectors on the roof of WBTS. If it is not possible to install
Smart Bias-T to antenna connectors on the roof of BTS, it is installed between jumper cable and
feeder cable.

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MHA Gain Adjustment

Open NOKIA BTS HW Configurator


Choose masthead amplifier type: MHA, MNxx, or None for each antenna
MHA Talk Family MHAs (12dB)
MNxx Ultrasite MHA (33dB)
If UltraSite MNxx is chosen, the gain/attenuation of the BTS/DVD can
still be adjusted between low and high (approx. -3.6 dB +6.4 dB).
Either Cable Loss or Gain Settings value can be changed.
Operation and alarm current thresholds adjust accordingly
Finally, configuration must be sent to BTS for it to take effect

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Antenna Line Cable Labelling


Nokia supplies a complete prepack laminated label set for each site.

Note that each sector label set has a different colour

NOTE:: All label mounting cable ties must be trimmed flush

Cable marking set for BTS label set consists of:

-12 pcs small (1040) series 1xxx labels for earthing cables

-8 pcs small (1040) series 3xxx labels for DC supply cables

-42 pcs big (2250) series 4xxx labels for RF cables

-8 pcs small (1040) series 5xxx labels for PCM cables

-4 pcs small (1040) series 6xxx labels for external alarm


cables

-1 bag (100 pcs) small (2,492 mm) black cable ties

Mounting of the large RF feeder label

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RF Feeder Label Chart for GSM 900 & DCS 1800

Label Label
Sector / Feeder Position Colour Supplied
GSM 900 DCS 1800

Sector 1 Tx / Rx Inside Shelter G4110 D4110 White 2

Sector 1 Rxd or Tx / Rxd Inside Shelter G4111 D4111 White 2

Sector 1 Tx / Rx Middle of Tower G4110 D4110 White 3

Sector 1 Rxd or Tx / Rxd Middle of Tower G4111 D4111 White 3

Sector 1 Tx / Rx Antenna Jumper G4110 D4110 White 2

Sector 1 Rxd or Tx / Rxd Antenna Jumper G4111 D4111 White 2

Sector 2 Tx / Rx Inside Shelter G4120 D4120 Red 2

Sector 2 Rxd or Tx / Rxd Inside Shelter G4121 D4121 Red 2

Sector 2 Tx / Rx Middle of Tower G4120 D4120 Red 3

Sector 2 Rxd or Tx / Rxd Middle of Tower G4121 D4121 Red 3

Sector 2 Tx / Rx Antenna Jumper G4120 D4120 Red 2

Sector 2 Rxd or Tx / Rxd Antenna Jumper G4121 D4121 Red 2

Sector 3 Tx / Rx Inside Shelter G4130 D4130 Blue 2

Sector 3 Rxd or Tx / Rxd Inside Shelter G4131 D4131 Blue 2

Sector 3 Tx / Rx Middle of Tower G4130 D4130 Blue 3

Sector 3 Rxd or Tx / Rxd Middle of Tower G4131 D4131 Blue 3

Sector 3 Tx / Rx Antenna Jumper G4130 D4130 Blue 2

Sector 3 Rxd or Tx / Rxd Antenna Jumper G4131 D4131 Blue 2

Note :: Labels must be orientated in same direction and positioned to be clearly seen

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3.7 RF Feeder Numbering (Labeling)

Feeders to be labeled to show each of the frequency bands being carried on a coax cable run. Refer
to instructions and numbering detail given in Nokia document Cabling and Wiring Schedule.

3.8 Microwave Equipment Labeling

The microwave Outdoor Unit (OU) label and the Indoor Unit (IU) must be labeled in accordance with
instructions given in Nokia document Ultrasite Cabling & Wiring Schedule.

4. ANTENNA LINE COMMSSIONING INTRODUCTION

This instruction describes how to make Distance to Fault (DTF), Return Loss (RL) and Cable Loss
(CL) measurements on GSM / DCS antenna systems using the Anritsu Site Master S331C.

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The antenna system tests should be performed as part of the antenna system installation before the
cable connectors are sealed.

After the test results have been saved in the Site Master, it is possible to obtain hard copies by
importing the measurements to a PC. Necessary software and serial cable are enclosed with the Site
Master.

4.1 Purpose

The purpose of the antenna system tests is to verify the quality of the antenna system installation.
The tests include measuring the feeder length in order to be able to calculate the feeder system loss.
The test results are recorded in the site folder and on CD ROM / Floppy disk

4.2 Target Group

The target group for this instruction is antenna system installers and Ultrasite commissioning
engineers

Engineers working on Nokia products or systems must have the necessary training and competence
in order to perform their work correctly.

4.3 Prerequisites

The following conditions must apply before performing the tests:

1. Knowledge about existing health and safety information

2. Site Installation Documentation prepared and available

3. Site access details

4. Feeder and jumper cables installed

5. Antenna and feeder cables connected to the jumper cables

6. Site grounding and lightning protection completed

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4.4 Test Equipment

This section describes software, tools, instruments, and documentation recommended for the
activities.

4.4.1 Software

Software for Anritsu Site Master S331C is found in the transportation bag or can be downloaded from
http://www.us.anritsu.com.

Ensure that the latest version (currently 6.51) of Handheld Software Tools is used on the PC which
the sweeps are downloaded to. This is also available at the Anritsu website.

http://www.us.anritsu.com/downloads/default.aspx?kind=prod&ID=595&DownType=6

4.4.2 Instruments

It is recommended to use the Anritsu Site Master for the antenna system tests.

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4.4.3 Documentation

Site-specific information is found in the Site Installation Documentation.

Information on how to use the Site Master is found in the Anritsu Site Master users guide.

The result of the measurements is entered into the site folder.

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4.5 SETUP and callibration of sitemaster

4.5.1 Checking the Installation

1. Verify that the antenna system installation is in accordance with the Site Installation
Documentation.

2. Check visually that no cables or connectors are damaged and that all cables (feeders and
jumper cables) are correctly labeled.

3. Check that connectors are correctly terminated.

4. Check that the minimum bending radii of the feeders and jumper cables are correct according to
the manufacturers specifications.

5. Verify the antenna azimuths and tilts against the Site Installation Documentation. Consider
magnetic influences from nearby metallic objects and deviation from the magnetic North when
using the compass.

6. Check that the correct cables are connected to the correct antenna.

7. Report any inconsistencies immediately to the Nokia TI Co-coordinator and seek direction on
rectification if required.

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1.

4.5.1.1 Entering Cable Parameters

To achieve accurate test results, the correct cable parameters must be entered. The required
parameters for the actual feeder type are the following:

1. Velocity factor

2. Attenuation (dB/m)

Note: Frequency bands ::GSM 900 . DCS 1800

Use attenuation values at /? Mhz

1. Press MODE (2) and select DTFSWR by using the Up/Down arrow key (17). Press ENTER
(14).

2. Press the DTF AID soft key (1).

3. Use the Up/Down arrow key (17) to select CABLE LOSS. Press ENTER (14).

4. Enter the attenuation in dB / meter (see table below) for the type of feeder being tested and
press ENTER (14).

5. Use the Up/Down arrow key (17) to select PROP VEL. Press ENTER (14).

6. Enter the relative velocity (see table below) for the type of feeder being tested and
press ENTER (14).

Cable Loss dB /
Manufacturer Cable Type Velocity Factor
meter
Andrew LDF4-50A 0.110 0.88
Andrew FSJ4-50B 0.181 0.81
Andrew LDF5-50A 0.063 0.89
Andrew AVA5-50 0.058 0.91
Andrew LDF6-50A 0.046 0.89
Andrew LDF7-50A 0.035 0.92
H+S Sucofeed 1/2" 0.112 0.88
H+S Sucofeed 1/2" HighFlex 0.157 0.85
H+S Sucofeed 7/8" LA 0.056 0.90
H+S Sucofeed 7/8" HighFlex 0.063 0.87
H+S Sucofeed 1 1/4" LA 0.047 0.87
H+S Sucofeed 1 5/8" LA 0.037 0.91
RFS LCF78-50JA 0.059 0.90
RFS LCF114-50JA 0.048 0.89
RFS LCF158-50A 0.037 0.90

4.5.2 Performing a Calibration

To achieve accurate test results and to compensate for Test Port Extension Cables, the Site Master
must be calibrated.

The frequency band must be set before the calibration can be performed.

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A broader range allows a higher resolution of the measured result. To select the frequency band
according to the feeder length used.

Note: The Site Master must be calibrated each time the frequency band is changed.

The Site Master must also be calibrated if the following symbols are shown in the display: CAL OFF
or C.

1. Test Port Extension Cable

2. OPEN

3. SHORT

4. LOAD (50 ohm)

23. RF Out / Refl 50 ohm

To perform a calibration, a PRECISION OPEN/SHORT/LOAD device is required.

Note: For correct calibration results, ensure that the OPEN / SHORT / LOAD is connected at the end
of the Test Port

Extension Cable, at the same point where the test object is connected.

1. Connect the Test Port Extension cable to the RF Out/Refl 50 ohm connector.

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2. Ensure that the correct frequency band is selected.

3. Press the START CAL key (21).

4. Connect the OPEN and press ENTER (14). Wait for the measurement to complete. Follow the
instructions on the screen.

5. Connect the SHORT and press ENTER (14). Wait for the measurement to complete. Follow the
instructions on the screen.

6. Connect the LOAD (50 ohm terminator) and press ENTER (14). Wait for the measurement to
complete.

7. When the calibration is complete, disconnect the calibration device from the Test Port Extension
Cable.

After the calibration, the display will show CAL ON as long as the calibration is valid.

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4.6 Performing Sweeps

4.6.1 Sweep Order and Summary

There are 4 sweeps to be taken in the following order:

ORDER TYPE CABLE TESTED FREQUENCY TERMINATION

1 Cable Loss Bottom Jumper & Main Feeder Short

2 Distance To Fault Bottom Jumper & Main Feeder Load

3 Return Loss Entire System + MHA (if installed) Antenna

4.6.2 Purpose

1. Determine measured actual system loss for RF requirements in planning tool.

2. Determine measured actual cable loss from NodeB to MHA for commissioning data.

3. Determine length of feeder for commissioning data.

This is to be measured from NodeB to MHA and then length of top tail added to measurement
from sweep.

This is due to the fact that DTF measurements through the MHA will be distorted.
A bypass cable or adapter can introduce faults not normally in the system that will fail sweeps
unnecessarily.

4. Determine RL of entire system with all components in place.

Note: ATTACHMENT A: ANTENNA LINE SYSTEM INSTALLATION & COMMISSIONING


DATA IN SITE FOLDER

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4.6.3 Sweep 1 Cable Loss (NodeB MHA)

1. Site Master

2. Jumper Cable

3. Feeder Cable

4. MHA

5. Short

6. Antenna

FREQUENCY: MHz

CABLE: Bottom jumper and main feeder.

LIMIT: None

MARKER: M1 - Set to valley

OUTPUT: Average cable loss value to be entered into site folder as Feeder Line
Loss (dB) and used for NodeB commissioning.

Example: Cable loss sweep.

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Sweep to be named: JVSiteNumber_CellID_CL

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4.6.4 Sweep 2 - Distance To Fault (Whole Antenna Line)

This measurement contains 2 components:

1. Sweep to measure from NodeB to MHA.

2. Physical measurement of top tail

1. Site Master

2. Jumper Cable

3. Feeder Cable

4. MHA

5. Load (50 Ohm termination)

6. Antenna

FREQUENCY: MHz

CABLE: Bottom jumper and main feeder.

LIMIT: 1.05

MARKER: M1 - Set to junction of bottom tail and main feeder


M2 Set to top end of main feeder

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OUTPUT: Measurement from sweep to be added to physical measurement of top tail.


Summary of feeder cable length value M2 M1, and a length of tail cable between
MHA and antenna to be added to site folder as Feeder Line Length (m) and used
for commissioning.

Distance to be used to determine RL sweep limit.

Example: Distance to fault sweep.

Sweep to be named: ??????

Any part of the sweep that exceeds the limit line is a fault and should be rectified and the sweep
retaken for submission.

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4.6.5 Sweep 3 Return Loss (Whole System)

1. Site Master

2. Jumper Cable

3. Feeder Cable

4. MHA

5. Antenna

FREQUENCY: MHz

CABLE: Whole system

LIMIT: To be determined from table below

MARKER: M1 1920 MHz


M2 1980 MHz
M3 2110MHz
M4 2170MHz
M5 Set to max RL in pass bands of sweep

OUTPUT: Max RL value to be added to site folder.

Note: Kathrein RET system must be commissioned, before RL measurement. If it cannot be


done, frequency band is 2110 MHz 2170 MHz.

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Table 1. Antenna system with lightning protection return loss values.

FEEDER LENGTH 1/2 7/8 1 5/8


(meters) RL Limit (dB) RL Limit (dB) RL Limit (dB)

< 10m - 13 - 13 -

10 20 m - 14 - 13 -

20 30 m - 15 - 14 - 13

30 40 m - 16 - 15 - 14

40 50 m - 17 - 16 - 14

50 60 m - - 17 - 15

Table 2. Antenna system with MHA return loss values.

FEEDER LENGTH 1/2 7/8 1 5/8


(meters) RL Limit (dB) RL Limit (dB) RL Limit (dB)

< 10m - 12 - 12 -

10 20 m - 13 - 12 -

20 30 m - 14 - 13 - 12

30 40 m - 15 - 14 - 13

40 50 m - 16 - 15 - 13

50 60 m - - 16 - 14

Example: Return loss sweep.

Sweep to be named: ???????

Any part of the sweep that exceeds the limit in the pass bands is a fault and should be rectified and
sweep retaken for submission.

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4.7 Additional Information

Site master should be connected directly to bottom tail for all sweeps.

Resolution of 517 should be used at all times.

Any sweeps taken whilst instrument is out of calibration will be failed.


ie: CAL OFF / Temp CAL warning

If a cable is required to connect Site master then it should be a phase stabilised test cable (these can be
purchased from Anritsu) and the calibration should be done with this cable connected.

When performing DTF sweeps a precision (35 dB) load should be used. This will avoid chasing phantom
faults due to an inferior load.

The sweep range for DTF sweeps should be kept to 10m or less than the actual length of the feeder.

Faults over limit at 0m on a DTF usually indicate poor connection of instrument to cable and will be failed.

If a RL sweep fails it is prudent to replace antenna with a termination on the feeder to confirm integrity of
feeder as a first point in the fault finding process.

ALL relevant information in the site folder and commissioning process is to come from the
sweeps.

It is not acceptable to use data from the drawings or PCCS.

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