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rd

IICMA 2015, the 3 IndoMS International


Conference on Mathematics and Its Applications
Proceedings

ISBN: 978-602-50020-0-7

Editors:
Bevina D. Handari
Dipo Aldila
Gianina Ardaneswari

Reviewers :
Titin Siswantining, Mila Novita, Denny Riama Silaban, Maman Faturahman,
Budi Nurani Ruchjana, Herni Utami, Al Jupri, Zulkardi, Yusep Suparman, Yudi Satria,
Yudhie Andriyana,Yekti Widyaningsih, Yaya S. Kusumah, I Wayan Mangku,
Utriweni Mukhaiyar, Turmudi, Syafrizal, Suwanda, Sutarto Hadi, Supama,
Sugi Guritman, Suarsih Utama, Sri Haryatmi, Rianti Setiadi, Pasrun Adam,
Setiawan, Ratu Ilma, Nurtiti Sunusi, Nurdin, Nur Iriawan, Nora Hariadi,
Nelson Nainggolan, Mukhsar, Lienda Noviyanti, Kiki Ariyanti Sugeng, Ipung Yuwono,
Indah Emilla Wijayanti, Hengki Tasman, Hendri Murfi, Ema Carnia, Edi Cahyono,
Djati Kerami, Dipo Aldila, Dedi Rosadi, Dafik, Dadan Kusnandar, Ch.Rini,
Bevina D. Handari, Atiek Iriany, Asrul Sani, Asari, Aryadi Wijaya, Anang Kurnia,
Al Haji Akbar Bachtiar, Al Sutjijana, Ahmad Fauzan, Anak Agung Gede Ngurah,
Agung Lukito

Penerbit:
The Indonesian Mathematical Society

Redaksi:
Gedung CAS Lantai IV, Institut Teknologi Bandung,
Jalan Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia.

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Dilarang memperbanyak buku ini dalam bentuk dan
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IICMA 2015
rd
the 3 IndoMS International Conference on
Mathematics and Its Applications
Proceedings
rd th
November 3 and 4 2015
Depok, Indonesia
CONTENTS
FOREWORDS ..........i
President of the Indonesian Mathematical Society (IndoMS) ....ii
Chair of the Committee IICMA 2015 ........iii

Acknowledgement .....iv

INVITED SPEAKER
ADVANCES IN STATISTICAL GENOMICS OF HUMAN COMPLEX TRAITS AND
DISEASES
Beben Benyamin ....x
MODELLING, PREDICTING AND UNDERSTANDING KIDNEY DEVELOPMENT
Nicholas A.Hamilton ........xi
A SIMPLE INTERVENTION FOR DENGUE TRANSMISSION; HOW FAR
MODELING CAN GO
E. Soewono ..xii
ERROR-CORRECTING PAIRS FOR PUBLIC-KEY CRYPTOSYSTEMS
Ruud Pellikaan and Irene Marques-Corbella ..xiii
ON CLASS OF -MODULES
Indah E. Wijayanti, M. Ardiansyah, Puguh W.Prasetya ..xiv
STATISTICS IN THE ERA OF BIG DATA: A CASE IN ROBUST STATISTICS
Maman A. Djauhari ..xv
ACTUARIAL CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA
Budi TA Tampubolon .....xvi
PARALLEL SESSIONS
BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS FOR A CLASS OF HAMILTON-JACOBI-
BELLMAN EQUATIONS
Muhammad Kabil Djafar, Yudi Soeharyadi, Hendra Gunawan .....1
BOUNDED SETS IN FINITE DIMENSIONAL N-NORMED SPACES
Esih Sukaesih and Hendra Gunawan ..8
THE STOCHASTIC SI MODEL IN A SINGLE AREA: COMPARISON WITH THE
DETERMINISTIC SI MODEL AND REAL DATA
Benny Yong, Livia Owen, Elvina Octora .....13

v
INVESTIGATING THE ACCURACY OF BPPT FLYING WING UAVS
LINEARIZED EQUATION OF MOTION COMPARED TO BPPT-04C SRITI
FLIGHT TEST DATA
Jemie Muliadi ......24
DETERMINATION OF FISHERMEN POVERTY ALLEVIATION PROGRAM
USING ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS IN PARIGI MOUTONG, CENTRAL
SULAWESI PROVINCE, INDONESIA
Sutikno, Soedarso, Sukardi, Syamsuddin HM, Yusman Alharis, Kartika Nur Anisa ...33
CLASSIFICATION DATA OF CANCER USING FUZZY C-MEANS WITH
FEATURE SELECTION
Bona Revano, Zuherman Rustam .....40
ON THE RATE OF CONSTRAINED ARRAYS
Putranto Utomo and Ruud Pellikaan ....49
ERROR-CORRECTING PAIRS FOR A PUBLIC-KEY CRYPTOSYSTEM
Ruud Pellikan and Irene Marquez-Corbella .....57
RAINBOW CONNECTION NUMBER AND STRONG RAINBOW CONNECTION
NUMBER OF THE GRAPH (() + )
Diah Prastiwi and Kiki A. Sugeng ....66
ENCRYPTION ALGORITHM USING NEW MODIFIED MAP FOR DIGITAL
IMAGE
Suryadi M.T., Maria Yus Trinity Irsan, Yudi Satria .....71
FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE INFIDELITY TENDENCY FOR WORKERS AND
SCHOLARS IN JAKARTA
Rianti Setiadi,Dini Riyani, Yanny Arumsari ....79
FACTORS AFFECTING THE AGREEMENT TOWARDS LEGALIZATION OF
LGBT MARRIAGE LEVEL
Rianti Setiadi1, Rosi Melati ........ 86
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN JOB-DISTRESS AND DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS
AMONG EMPLOYEES IN JAKARTA
Rianti Setiadi, Titin Siswantining, Baizura Fahma, Astari Karamina ...92

GEOGRAPHICALLY WEIGHTED BIVARIATE NEGATIVE BINOMIAL


REGRESSION (GWBNBNR)
Ahmad Fatih Basitul Ulum, Purhadi and Wahyu Wibowo ... 100

vi
THE POISSON INVERSE GAUSSIAN (PIG) REGRESSION IN MODELING THE
NUMBER OF HIV NEW CASES (CASE STUDY IN EAST JAVA PROVINCE IN
2013)
Sayu Made Widiari, Purhadi, I Nyoman Latra ...106
SPATIAL ANALYSIS AND MODELLING OF VILLAGE LEVEL POVERTY (A
CASE STUDY: POVERTY MODELLING IN PATI REGENCY)
Duto Sulistiyono, Ismaini Zain, and Sutikno ..... 115
MIXED ESTIMATOR OF KERNEL AND MULTIVARIATE REGRESSION
LINEAR SPLINE TRUCATED IN NONPARAMETRIC REGRESSION
Ali Akbar Sanjaya, I Nyoman Budiantara, Bambang Widjanarko Otok.................124
NONPARAMETRIC MIXED REGRESSION MODEL: TRUNCATED
LINEAR SPLINE AND KERNEL FUNCTION
Rory, I Nyoman Budiantara, Wahyu Wibowo ........133
SMALL AREA ESTIMATION WITH BAYESIAN APPROACH (CASE STUDY:
PROPORTIONS OF DROPOUT CHILDREN IN POVERTY)
Amalia Noviamti1, and Kartika Fithriasari, Irhamah .....143
AN APPLICATION OF BAYESIAN ADAPTIVE LASSO QUANTILE REGRESSION
TO ESTIMATE THE EFFECT OF RETURN TO EDUCATION ON EARNING
Zablin, Irhammah, and Dedy Dwi Prastyo .....151
HIERARCHICAL BAYES MODELING IN SMALL AREA FOR ESTIMATING
UNEMPLOYMENT PROPORTION UNDER COMPLEX SURVEY
Arip Juliyanto, Heri Kuswanto, Ismaini Zain .........160
FOOD INSECURITY STRUCTURE IN PAPUA AND WEST PAPUA
Agustin Riyanti1, Vita Ratnasari, Santi Puteri Rahayu ..169
FORECASTING ON INDONESIANS FISHERY EXPORT VALUE USING ARIMA
AND NEURAL NETWORK
Eunike W. Parameswari, Brodjol S.S Ulama, Suhartono ...176
SPATIAL AUTOREGRESSIVE POISSON (SAR POISSON) MODEL TO DETECT
INFLUENTIAL FACTORS TO THE NUMBER OF DENGUE HAEMORRHAGIC
FEVER PATIENTS FOR EACH DISTRICT IN THE PROVINCE OF DKI JAKARTA
Siti Rohmah Rohimah, Sudarwanto, Ria Arafiyah .....183
LOSS SEVERITY DISTRIBUTION ESTIMATION OF OPERATIONAL RISK
USING GAUSSIAN MIXTURE MODEL FOR LOSS DISTRIBUTION APPROACH
Seli Siti Sholihat, Hendri Murfi ..191

vii
THE CALCULATION OF AGGREGATION ECONOMIC CAPITAL FOR
OPERATIONAL RISK USING A CLAYTON COPULA
Nurfidah Dwitiyanti, Zuletane Maska, Hendri Murfi, Siti Nurrohmah ......199
INCREASING THE STUDENTS MATHEMATICAL COMMUNICATION SKILL
FOR JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL BY APPLYING REACT (RELATING,
EXPERIENCING, APPLYING, COOPERATING, AND TRANSFERRING)
LEARNING STRATEGY
Della Afrilionita .....208
INVESTIGATING STUDENTS SPATIAL VISUALIZATION IN THE
PROPERTIES OF SOLID FIGURE BY USING DAILY LIFE CONTEXT
Lestariningsih ....215
USING MATEMATIKA GASING IN LEARNING MATHEMATICS FOR THREE
DIGIT ADDITION
Aloysius Ajowembun, Falenthino Sampuow,Wiwik Wiyanti, Johannes H. Siregar
.............................................................................................................................................220
IMPLEMENTATION OF MATEMATIKA GASING ADDITION OF MANY
NUMBERS FOR MATRICULATION STUDENTS AT STKIP SURYA,
TANGERANG
Jenerson Otniel Duwit, Delson Albert Gebze,Wiwik Wiyanti, Johannes H. Siregar...227
THE IMPLEMENTATION OF MATEMATIKA GASING ON MULTIPLICATION
CONCEPT TOWARD INTEREST, STUDY MOTIVATION, AND STUDENT
LEARNING OUTCOME
Asri Gita, Nia Yuniarti, Nerru Pranuta M. ......234
THE DEVELOPMENT OF PALOPO LOCAL CONTEXT LEARNING MODEL
(MODIFIED COOPERATIVE LEARNING TECHNIQUES; THINK PAIR SHARE
AND PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING TECHNIQUES)
Patmaniar, and Darma Ekawati ......243

viii
Proceedings of IICMA 2015
Mathematics Education

The Implementation of Matematika Gasing on


Multiplication Concept Toward Interest, Study
Motivation, and Student Learning Outcome
Asri Gita1,a), Nia Yuniarti2,b), Nerru Pranuta M3,c)
1,2,3
STKIP Surya

a)
asri.gita@students.stkipsurya.ac.id
b)
nia.yuniarti@students.stkipsurya.ac.id
c)
nerru.pranuta@stkipsurya.ac.id

Abstract. This research was conducted based on the findings that students have difficulties
in learning multiplication of two numbers, especially multiplication of two digits with two
digits and multiplication of two digits with three digits. This research is a pre-experimental
design. The design that is used in this study is The One Shot Case Study. The purpose of this
study is to find out: (1) to implement of Matematika GASING into the concept of
multiplication (2) to know the influence of Matematika GASING toward students learning
outcome (3) to know the positive influence of students interest and motivation simultaneously
to mathematics learning outcome in Matematika GASING. The population in this study is 5th
grade students in Cihuni I elementary school in Kelapa Dua Tangerang districts. The
sampling technique used purposive sampling and data collected by test and questionaire. The
data findings analyzed by using anova with significance with level 5%. The expected results
this research are: (1) Matematika GASING can be implement into the concept of
multiplication (2) there is positive influence of Matematika GASING toward students
learning outcome, (3) there is positive influence of students interest and motivation
simultaneously to mathematics learning outcome in Matematika GASING.
Keywords and Phrases: study interest, study motivation, learning outcome, and
Matematika GASING.

1. Introduction
Mathematics is a subject that is always present in every level of education,
from elementary school until college. Basic math skills became a very important
part for the education of children in elementary school and became one of the skills
necessary for success in the 21st century [1]. According to the National Association
for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC), the students learn math skills at a
young age is a great base to build future learning efforts and can be a good
indicator or whether someone can be able to meet and resolve the challenges that
will be faced in the future [2].
Mathematics content given to elementary school students essentially
elementary and contains the basic concepts to understand higher concepts [3]. One
of the basic content of mathematics that should be mastered by children is
operation of counting numbers that include addition, subtraction, multiplication,

234
and division. These operations are related to very closely to understanding of the
concepts and skills perform operations that one would affect the understanding of
the concepts and skills of the other operations [4]. The operation numbers in
elementary school is very important to be able to learn other subjects [5].
Based on the theories of Piaget [6], the progression of knowledge a person
closely related to the development of biological and its interaction with the
environment. The level of sensorimotorik to formal or abstract thinking with the
classification of age as follows: 1) sensorimotorik (0 2 years), 2) pre operational
(2-7 years), 3) think concrete (7 11 years), and 4) abstract thinking or formal (12
16 years) [6]. Children in the elementary school level is still in the stage of
concrete thinking. Therefore when they learn an abstract concept, they will have
diffculties. As a result, many students consider mathematics as a tough lesson [7, 8,
9]. Based on the results of the exam 4th grade students in elementary school number
2 Muara Panas school year 2014-2015 on 1st semester on multiplication of the
composition shows that 20% of students to master completely, 35% of students not
mastering, and 45% less mastered [10].
The low value of the students in the multiplication content because there are
still teachers who use the method of memorizing the multiplication operation in
teaching [11]. As a result students quickly forget and do not understand the concept
well. Even for the multiplication of natural numbers the tens and hundreds of
teachers are only applying the method of multiplication of the composition so that
students feel bored because there is no variation with other methods [11]. The
appeal of a subject is determined by two things, first by subjects or learning itself
and secondly by way of teaching teachers [12]. Therefore, a teacher must prepare
their own special methods to make the subject more interesting than before and to
make it easier to learn. There are several methods and learning media to do. One of
them is by using Matematika GASING (Gampang, AsyIk, and menyenaNGkan).
Matematika GASING is a way of learning mathematics in an easy, fun, and
enjoyable. With a pleasant learning atmosphere will definitely encourage students
motivation and interest in learning. Motivation is an important aspect in the activity
of teaching and learning [13, 14]. If a student had the motivation of learning
mathematics and he will learn it in earnest and can easily achieve the learning
objectives. Students can understand the mathematics content studied, then it will
grow a positive attitude towards mathematics learners so that the interest will grow
[15]. Thus, when the understanding of content can be achieved then this will have
an effect on student learning outcomes.
This research examines some of the problems as follows: 1) How to
implement of Matematika GASING into the concept of multiplication ?, 2) is
there the influence of Matematika GASING toward students learning
outcome?, 3) is there the positive influence of students interest and
motivation simultaneously to mathematics learning outcome in Matematika
GASING?
The purpose of this research is to implement of Matematika GASING into
the concept of multiplication, to know the influence of Matematika GASING
toward students learning outcome, and to know the positive influence of
students interest and motivation simultaneously to mathematics learning
outcome in Matematika GASING.

235
This research is expected to be beneficial for teachers subjects in order to use
other means in teaching a two-digit integer multiplication content to students. Then
the benefits of this research for researchers is to develop knowledge, so it is
beneficial to the development of research learning mathematics further.

2. Main Results
Matematika GASING
Matematika GASING is way of mathematics learning to achieve learning
outcome was originally developed by Prof. Yohanes Surya. GASING stands for
Gampang, ASyIk, dan menyenaNGkan which is translated as easy, fun, and
enjoyable. The content of Matematika GASING is different with sequence of
teaching mathematics as usual schools because Matematika GASING start from
adding, multiplication, substraction, and division. Matematika GASING will be
teach use unique way which starts from concrete forms to understanding the
concept then continous to abstract forms. Matematika GASING shows how to
change a concrete sample into an abstract symbol so the students will be able to
read a mathematics patern thus gain the conclusion by themselves [16]. The
introduction of concrete forms can encourages students with exploration activities
using props. Matematika GASING has a critical point in any content. GASING
critical point is a top level that must be passed by students to be undestand next
contents [17].
In multiplication content, GASING critical point is 1) students must
understand the concepts of multiplication, 2) students know how to count multiples
of 1, 10, 9, 2, and 5 fastly, 3) followed by the multiplication of two numbers the
same multiplication, 4) 3 and 4 multiplication, and 5) multiplication 8, 7 and 6.

Critical
Point
5 GASING
4
3
2
1

FIGURE 2.1 GASING Critical Point


In order to understand the multiplication concept, the learning is started by
using concrete means (concrete stage in GASING). An illustration of learning 2
5 is given in picture 2.2.

Written 25 25

FIGURE 2.2 Concrete multiplication of .

Taking one box that consist five pineapples. Therefore taking once again.
There is two boxes that consist five pineapples read two boxes consisted five
shows 2 5. The result is 5 + 5 = 10.

236
When the fifth step already controlled properly, it can be said that students
have entered the GASING critical point. It means that students can continuous to
other way multiplication including the multiplication of two-digit numbers.
The following is an example of how to calculate the multiplication of two-digit
numbers:
Tens times tens is hundreds, so put 3 places (ones, tens, hundreds).
Multiply the number from front. 12
1 tens 4 tens = 4 hundreds write on front. 46x
1 tens 6 ones = 6 tens, continuous adding with 12
4 tens 2 ones = 8 tens. 4 _ _4 6 x
Hundreds to be 4 + 1 = 5
The retrieved results is 14 tens or 1 hundreds and 4 tens. 41 4 _
5 4_
Next is 2 ones 6 ones = 12 ones or 1 tens dan 2 ones. 12
The total of tens is 4 + 1 = 5 tens. 46x
Hundreds is 2.
So the finally result from 12 46 is 552. 41 41 2
5 5 2

Motivation and Study Interest


Motivation is one of the factors which determine the success of the children
in the study because the motivation plays very effective in helping students learn
[18], this makes motivation become one of the prerequisite which is quite
important in learning [19]. Student motivation plays an important role in the
process of conceptual change [20], critical thinking, learning strategies [21, 22] and
the achievement of the learning outcomes [23]. According to Winkel [24] the
motivation of learning is the driving force of psychic power overall in student
learning activities that give rise, ensuring continuity of learning activities and
provide direction on learning activities that for the sake of achieving a goal.
Motivation can arise due to factors from inside and outside that affect the interest
of students towards a subjects [15].
How to motivate students during the learning process is to connect the
learning experience of students with interest. Interest is a characteristic staple that
States the relationship between a person and an object or specific activity [25]
when one is not currently being in the pressure from outside himself [26]. Study
interest is encouragement from inside of someone who's done consciously,
pleasure, voluntarily, even wanted to try repeatedly to understand a content.
Interest is often associated with someone's behaviour to achieve specific goals in
order to get an impression of a condition and interaction in the environment [15,
18]. Interest to have a strong influence on the cognitive domain (knowledge) and
effective (attitude) domain of the individual [27, 28, 29]. This influence is not only
bulit the cognitive domain and effective domain, but also blend in both of it [30].

Research Design
The design that used in this study is quantitative research method with
One Shot Case Study. On the research of One Shot Case Study were given

237
treatment and subsequently observed the result [12]. The sampling technique had
been used is purposive sampling and data collected by test and questionaire.
This forms of design research according to Sugiyono [12] is as follows:

X O
Note:
X : learning multiplication of two-digit numbers with a Matematika GASING
O : post-test value

The expected results this research are: 1) identify problems and goals, 2)
determine appropriate research design issues and research purposes, 3) arrange the
instruments test, 4) give learning a two-digit integer multiplication, 5) give post-
test for two-digit multiplication content with two-digit and two-digit multiplication
and a three-digit, 6) give the questionaires to know interests and motivation
learning of students, 7) make an analysis of the test results, 8) make the conclusion
of the results of the study, and 9) make research reports.

Research Instrument
The collection of data in this study is to provide a written test and
questionaires. The written test given at the end and this questions made from
revision bloom taksonomi. The level are C1 (remember), C2 (understand), C3
(aplication), dan C4 (analize) [31]. The next post-test question given after learning
will be answered by Matematika GASING students use. Written tests given to two-
digit multiplication this number as many as 30 questions that consists of 25
questions with brief descriptions and 5 reserved form of the story. Problems given
to get the average value of the results of the learning of students with two-digit
numbers multiplication content. Besides giving post-test, students were also given
two questionaires to find out the interest and motivation of students in learning
math after learning about the Matematika GASING.

Result
Based on the results of pre-test and post-test from 5th grade in elementary
school Cihuni I in Kelapa Dua Tangerang districts, obtained the data that the
ability to multiply a two-digit numbers by a two-digits and three-digits by a two-
digits is influenced by the interest and students motivation. The average value of
the post-test students who answered a mathematics way of using Matematika
GASING is 82.47. After the success of the test used on average of students learning
outcomes variables using one of the test. Whose hypothesis are as follows:
Ho : 70
H1 : > 70
Note:
= Average of students learning outcomes.

238
Ho = Average of students learning outcomes less than equal to 70.
H1 = Average of students learning outcomes more than 70.

x 0
Statistics test using: t =
s
n
Note:
t : Statistics value of calculation result .

x : Average of students learning outcomes.


s : Deviation standard of students learning outcomes.

o : Comparison of students indicator value is 70.


n : The number of students.

x - 0
t=
s
n
82, 47 70
thitung 3, 510
15,885
20

Therefore the result compared with t table value with dk = (n-1) and
significance level 5%. For testing criteria if t count > t(1 - ) therefore H0 ignored was
consequences H1 accepted, it means the average value more than 70. The result of
calculation obtained tcount value = 3,510, whereas t table = 1,729. Obviously t count >
t(1 - ) it means H0 ignored. Then the average of students learning outcomes more
than 70 or passed through comparison of students indicator value.
Student Interest in Matematika GASING

Student Interest 1
2
3
4
5

FIGURE 2.3 Diagram of student interest in Matematika GASING

239
Based on the questionnaires which had previously been distributed to
students, the obtained results are shown in the diagram above. In the diagram
above shows that student interest towards Matematika GASING belongs to high.

Student Motivation in Matematika GASING

Student Motivation 1
2
3
4
5
6

FIGURE 2.4 Diagram of student motivation in Matematika GASING

Based on the questionnaires which had previously been distributed to


students, the obtained results are shown in the diagram above. In the diagram
above shows that student motivation towards Matematika GASING belongs to
high.

Findings
Many factor happened during researched. Those factors are:
1. The time taken in this study is too short that is only 3-4 times for 3 weeks.
2. Students are still not accustomed to learning Matematika GASING.
3. Post-test was carried out after the sports lessons so that the child is still in a
condition of fatigue.

3. Concluding Remarks
Based on the research that has been done and results researchers have
presented above can be drawn some conclusions with regard to the interest,
motivation, and student learning outcomes. The summary is as follows:
1. Matematika GASING can be implement into the concept of multiplication.
2. There is positive influence of Matematika GASING toward students
learning outcome.
3. There is positive influence of students interest and motivation
simultaneously to mathematics learning outcome in Matematika GASING.

240
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