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The Implementation Of Matematika Gasing On Multiplication Concept Toward Interest, Study Motivation, And Student Learning Outcome.

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Conference on Mathematics and Its Applications

Proceedings

ISBN: 978-602-50020-0-7

Editors:

Bevina D. Handari

Dipo Aldila

Gianina Ardaneswari

Reviewers :

Titin Siswantining, Mila Novita, Denny Riama Silaban, Maman Faturahman,

Budi Nurani Ruchjana, Herni Utami, Al Jupri, Zulkardi, Yusep Suparman, Yudi Satria,

Yudhie Andriyana,Yekti Widyaningsih, Yaya S. Kusumah, I Wayan Mangku,

Utriweni Mukhaiyar, Turmudi, Syafrizal, Suwanda, Sutarto Hadi, Supama,

Sugi Guritman, Suarsih Utama, Sri Haryatmi, Rianti Setiadi, Pasrun Adam,

Setiawan, Ratu Ilma, Nurtiti Sunusi, Nurdin, Nur Iriawan, Nora Hariadi,

Nelson Nainggolan, Mukhsar, Lienda Noviyanti, Kiki Ariyanti Sugeng, Ipung Yuwono,

Indah Emilla Wijayanti, Hengki Tasman, Hendri Murfi, Ema Carnia, Edi Cahyono,

Djati Kerami, Dipo Aldila, Dedi Rosadi, Dafik, Dadan Kusnandar, Ch.Rini,

Bevina D. Handari, Atiek Iriany, Asrul Sani, Asari, Aryadi Wijaya, Anang Kurnia,

Al Haji Akbar Bachtiar, Al Sutjijana, Ahmad Fauzan, Anak Agung Gede Ngurah,

Agung Lukito

Penerbit:

The Indonesian Mathematical Society

Redaksi:

Gedung CAS Lantai IV, Institut Teknologi Bandung,

Jalan Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia.

Dilarang memperbanyak buku ini dalam bentuk dan

cara apapun tanpa ijin tertulis dari penerbit.

IICMA 2015

rd

the 3 IndoMS International Conference on

Mathematics and Its Applications

Proceedings

rd th

November 3 and 4 2015

Depok, Indonesia

CONTENTS

FOREWORDS ..........i

President of the Indonesian Mathematical Society (IndoMS) ....ii

Chair of the Committee IICMA 2015 ........iii

Acknowledgement .....iv

INVITED SPEAKER

ADVANCES IN STATISTICAL GENOMICS OF HUMAN COMPLEX TRAITS AND

DISEASES

Beben Benyamin ....x

MODELLING, PREDICTING AND UNDERSTANDING KIDNEY DEVELOPMENT

Nicholas A.Hamilton ........xi

A SIMPLE INTERVENTION FOR DENGUE TRANSMISSION; HOW FAR

MODELING CAN GO

E. Soewono ..xii

ERROR-CORRECTING PAIRS FOR PUBLIC-KEY CRYPTOSYSTEMS

Ruud Pellikaan and Irene Marques-Corbella ..xiii

ON CLASS OF -MODULES

Indah E. Wijayanti, M. Ardiansyah, Puguh W.Prasetya ..xiv

STATISTICS IN THE ERA OF BIG DATA: A CASE IN ROBUST STATISTICS

Maman A. Djauhari ..xv

ACTUARIAL CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA

Budi TA Tampubolon .....xvi

PARALLEL SESSIONS

BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS FOR A CLASS OF HAMILTON-JACOBI-

BELLMAN EQUATIONS

Muhammad Kabil Djafar, Yudi Soeharyadi, Hendra Gunawan .....1

BOUNDED SETS IN FINITE DIMENSIONAL N-NORMED SPACES

Esih Sukaesih and Hendra Gunawan ..8

THE STOCHASTIC SI MODEL IN A SINGLE AREA: COMPARISON WITH THE

DETERMINISTIC SI MODEL AND REAL DATA

Benny Yong, Livia Owen, Elvina Octora .....13

v

INVESTIGATING THE ACCURACY OF BPPT FLYING WING UAVS

LINEARIZED EQUATION OF MOTION COMPARED TO BPPT-04C SRITI

FLIGHT TEST DATA

Jemie Muliadi ......24

DETERMINATION OF FISHERMEN POVERTY ALLEVIATION PROGRAM

USING ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS IN PARIGI MOUTONG, CENTRAL

SULAWESI PROVINCE, INDONESIA

Sutikno, Soedarso, Sukardi, Syamsuddin HM, Yusman Alharis, Kartika Nur Anisa ...33

CLASSIFICATION DATA OF CANCER USING FUZZY C-MEANS WITH

FEATURE SELECTION

Bona Revano, Zuherman Rustam .....40

ON THE RATE OF CONSTRAINED ARRAYS

Putranto Utomo and Ruud Pellikaan ....49

ERROR-CORRECTING PAIRS FOR A PUBLIC-KEY CRYPTOSYSTEM

Ruud Pellikan and Irene Marquez-Corbella .....57

RAINBOW CONNECTION NUMBER AND STRONG RAINBOW CONNECTION

NUMBER OF THE GRAPH (() + )

Diah Prastiwi and Kiki A. Sugeng ....66

ENCRYPTION ALGORITHM USING NEW MODIFIED MAP FOR DIGITAL

IMAGE

Suryadi M.T., Maria Yus Trinity Irsan, Yudi Satria .....71

FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE INFIDELITY TENDENCY FOR WORKERS AND

SCHOLARS IN JAKARTA

Rianti Setiadi,Dini Riyani, Yanny Arumsari ....79

FACTORS AFFECTING THE AGREEMENT TOWARDS LEGALIZATION OF

LGBT MARRIAGE LEVEL

Rianti Setiadi1, Rosi Melati ........ 86

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN JOB-DISTRESS AND DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS

AMONG EMPLOYEES IN JAKARTA

Rianti Setiadi, Titin Siswantining, Baizura Fahma, Astari Karamina ...92

REGRESSION (GWBNBNR)

Ahmad Fatih Basitul Ulum, Purhadi and Wahyu Wibowo ... 100

vi

THE POISSON INVERSE GAUSSIAN (PIG) REGRESSION IN MODELING THE

NUMBER OF HIV NEW CASES (CASE STUDY IN EAST JAVA PROVINCE IN

2013)

Sayu Made Widiari, Purhadi, I Nyoman Latra ...106

SPATIAL ANALYSIS AND MODELLING OF VILLAGE LEVEL POVERTY (A

CASE STUDY: POVERTY MODELLING IN PATI REGENCY)

Duto Sulistiyono, Ismaini Zain, and Sutikno ..... 115

MIXED ESTIMATOR OF KERNEL AND MULTIVARIATE REGRESSION

LINEAR SPLINE TRUCATED IN NONPARAMETRIC REGRESSION

Ali Akbar Sanjaya, I Nyoman Budiantara, Bambang Widjanarko Otok.................124

NONPARAMETRIC MIXED REGRESSION MODEL: TRUNCATED

LINEAR SPLINE AND KERNEL FUNCTION

Rory, I Nyoman Budiantara, Wahyu Wibowo ........133

SMALL AREA ESTIMATION WITH BAYESIAN APPROACH (CASE STUDY:

PROPORTIONS OF DROPOUT CHILDREN IN POVERTY)

Amalia Noviamti1, and Kartika Fithriasari, Irhamah .....143

AN APPLICATION OF BAYESIAN ADAPTIVE LASSO QUANTILE REGRESSION

TO ESTIMATE THE EFFECT OF RETURN TO EDUCATION ON EARNING

Zablin, Irhammah, and Dedy Dwi Prastyo .....151

HIERARCHICAL BAYES MODELING IN SMALL AREA FOR ESTIMATING

UNEMPLOYMENT PROPORTION UNDER COMPLEX SURVEY

Arip Juliyanto, Heri Kuswanto, Ismaini Zain .........160

FOOD INSECURITY STRUCTURE IN PAPUA AND WEST PAPUA

Agustin Riyanti1, Vita Ratnasari, Santi Puteri Rahayu ..169

FORECASTING ON INDONESIANS FISHERY EXPORT VALUE USING ARIMA

AND NEURAL NETWORK

Eunike W. Parameswari, Brodjol S.S Ulama, Suhartono ...176

SPATIAL AUTOREGRESSIVE POISSON (SAR POISSON) MODEL TO DETECT

INFLUENTIAL FACTORS TO THE NUMBER OF DENGUE HAEMORRHAGIC

FEVER PATIENTS FOR EACH DISTRICT IN THE PROVINCE OF DKI JAKARTA

Siti Rohmah Rohimah, Sudarwanto, Ria Arafiyah .....183

LOSS SEVERITY DISTRIBUTION ESTIMATION OF OPERATIONAL RISK

USING GAUSSIAN MIXTURE MODEL FOR LOSS DISTRIBUTION APPROACH

Seli Siti Sholihat, Hendri Murfi ..191

vii

THE CALCULATION OF AGGREGATION ECONOMIC CAPITAL FOR

OPERATIONAL RISK USING A CLAYTON COPULA

Nurfidah Dwitiyanti, Zuletane Maska, Hendri Murfi, Siti Nurrohmah ......199

INCREASING THE STUDENTS MATHEMATICAL COMMUNICATION SKILL

FOR JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL BY APPLYING REACT (RELATING,

EXPERIENCING, APPLYING, COOPERATING, AND TRANSFERRING)

LEARNING STRATEGY

Della Afrilionita .....208

INVESTIGATING STUDENTS SPATIAL VISUALIZATION IN THE

PROPERTIES OF SOLID FIGURE BY USING DAILY LIFE CONTEXT

Lestariningsih ....215

USING MATEMATIKA GASING IN LEARNING MATHEMATICS FOR THREE

DIGIT ADDITION

Aloysius Ajowembun, Falenthino Sampuow,Wiwik Wiyanti, Johannes H. Siregar

.............................................................................................................................................220

IMPLEMENTATION OF MATEMATIKA GASING ADDITION OF MANY

NUMBERS FOR MATRICULATION STUDENTS AT STKIP SURYA,

TANGERANG

Jenerson Otniel Duwit, Delson Albert Gebze,Wiwik Wiyanti, Johannes H. Siregar...227

THE IMPLEMENTATION OF MATEMATIKA GASING ON MULTIPLICATION

CONCEPT TOWARD INTEREST, STUDY MOTIVATION, AND STUDENT

LEARNING OUTCOME

Asri Gita, Nia Yuniarti, Nerru Pranuta M. ......234

THE DEVELOPMENT OF PALOPO LOCAL CONTEXT LEARNING MODEL

(MODIFIED COOPERATIVE LEARNING TECHNIQUES; THINK PAIR SHARE

AND PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING TECHNIQUES)

Patmaniar, and Darma Ekawati ......243

viii

Proceedings of IICMA 2015

Mathematics Education

Multiplication Concept Toward Interest, Study

Motivation, and Student Learning Outcome

Asri Gita1,a), Nia Yuniarti2,b), Nerru Pranuta M3,c)

1,2,3

STKIP Surya

a)

asri.gita@students.stkipsurya.ac.id

b)

nia.yuniarti@students.stkipsurya.ac.id

c)

nerru.pranuta@stkipsurya.ac.id

Abstract. This research was conducted based on the findings that students have difficulties

in learning multiplication of two numbers, especially multiplication of two digits with two

digits and multiplication of two digits with three digits. This research is a pre-experimental

design. The design that is used in this study is The One Shot Case Study. The purpose of this

study is to find out: (1) to implement of Matematika GASING into the concept of

multiplication (2) to know the influence of Matematika GASING toward students learning

outcome (3) to know the positive influence of students interest and motivation simultaneously

to mathematics learning outcome in Matematika GASING. The population in this study is 5th

grade students in Cihuni I elementary school in Kelapa Dua Tangerang districts. The

sampling technique used purposive sampling and data collected by test and questionaire. The

data findings analyzed by using anova with significance with level 5%. The expected results

this research are: (1) Matematika GASING can be implement into the concept of

multiplication (2) there is positive influence of Matematika GASING toward students

learning outcome, (3) there is positive influence of students interest and motivation

simultaneously to mathematics learning outcome in Matematika GASING.

Keywords and Phrases: study interest, study motivation, learning outcome, and

Matematika GASING.

1. Introduction

Mathematics is a subject that is always present in every level of education,

from elementary school until college. Basic math skills became a very important

part for the education of children in elementary school and became one of the skills

necessary for success in the 21st century [1]. According to the National Association

for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC), the students learn math skills at a

young age is a great base to build future learning efforts and can be a good

indicator or whether someone can be able to meet and resolve the challenges that

will be faced in the future [2].

Mathematics content given to elementary school students essentially

elementary and contains the basic concepts to understand higher concepts [3]. One

of the basic content of mathematics that should be mastered by children is

operation of counting numbers that include addition, subtraction, multiplication,

234

and division. These operations are related to very closely to understanding of the

concepts and skills perform operations that one would affect the understanding of

the concepts and skills of the other operations [4]. The operation numbers in

elementary school is very important to be able to learn other subjects [5].

Based on the theories of Piaget [6], the progression of knowledge a person

closely related to the development of biological and its interaction with the

environment. The level of sensorimotorik to formal or abstract thinking with the

classification of age as follows: 1) sensorimotorik (0 2 years), 2) pre operational

(2-7 years), 3) think concrete (7 11 years), and 4) abstract thinking or formal (12

16 years) [6]. Children in the elementary school level is still in the stage of

concrete thinking. Therefore when they learn an abstract concept, they will have

diffculties. As a result, many students consider mathematics as a tough lesson [7, 8,

9]. Based on the results of the exam 4th grade students in elementary school number

2 Muara Panas school year 2014-2015 on 1st semester on multiplication of the

composition shows that 20% of students to master completely, 35% of students not

mastering, and 45% less mastered [10].

The low value of the students in the multiplication content because there are

still teachers who use the method of memorizing the multiplication operation in

teaching [11]. As a result students quickly forget and do not understand the concept

well. Even for the multiplication of natural numbers the tens and hundreds of

teachers are only applying the method of multiplication of the composition so that

students feel bored because there is no variation with other methods [11]. The

appeal of a subject is determined by two things, first by subjects or learning itself

and secondly by way of teaching teachers [12]. Therefore, a teacher must prepare

their own special methods to make the subject more interesting than before and to

make it easier to learn. There are several methods and learning media to do. One of

them is by using Matematika GASING (Gampang, AsyIk, and menyenaNGkan).

Matematika GASING is a way of learning mathematics in an easy, fun, and

enjoyable. With a pleasant learning atmosphere will definitely encourage students

motivation and interest in learning. Motivation is an important aspect in the activity

of teaching and learning [13, 14]. If a student had the motivation of learning

mathematics and he will learn it in earnest and can easily achieve the learning

objectives. Students can understand the mathematics content studied, then it will

grow a positive attitude towards mathematics learners so that the interest will grow

[15]. Thus, when the understanding of content can be achieved then this will have

an effect on student learning outcomes.

This research examines some of the problems as follows: 1) How to

implement of Matematika GASING into the concept of multiplication ?, 2) is

there the influence of Matematika GASING toward students learning

outcome?, 3) is there the positive influence of students interest and

motivation simultaneously to mathematics learning outcome in Matematika

GASING?

The purpose of this research is to implement of Matematika GASING into

the concept of multiplication, to know the influence of Matematika GASING

toward students learning outcome, and to know the positive influence of

students interest and motivation simultaneously to mathematics learning

outcome in Matematika GASING.

235

This research is expected to be beneficial for teachers subjects in order to use

other means in teaching a two-digit integer multiplication content to students. Then

the benefits of this research for researchers is to develop knowledge, so it is

beneficial to the development of research learning mathematics further.

2. Main Results

Matematika GASING

Matematika GASING is way of mathematics learning to achieve learning

outcome was originally developed by Prof. Yohanes Surya. GASING stands for

Gampang, ASyIk, dan menyenaNGkan which is translated as easy, fun, and

enjoyable. The content of Matematika GASING is different with sequence of

teaching mathematics as usual schools because Matematika GASING start from

adding, multiplication, substraction, and division. Matematika GASING will be

teach use unique way which starts from concrete forms to understanding the

concept then continous to abstract forms. Matematika GASING shows how to

change a concrete sample into an abstract symbol so the students will be able to

read a mathematics patern thus gain the conclusion by themselves [16]. The

introduction of concrete forms can encourages students with exploration activities

using props. Matematika GASING has a critical point in any content. GASING

critical point is a top level that must be passed by students to be undestand next

contents [17].

In multiplication content, GASING critical point is 1) students must

understand the concepts of multiplication, 2) students know how to count multiples

of 1, 10, 9, 2, and 5 fastly, 3) followed by the multiplication of two numbers the

same multiplication, 4) 3 and 4 multiplication, and 5) multiplication 8, 7 and 6.

Critical

Point

5 GASING

4

3

2

1

In order to understand the multiplication concept, the learning is started by

using concrete means (concrete stage in GASING). An illustration of learning 2

5 is given in picture 2.2.

Written 25 25

Taking one box that consist five pineapples. Therefore taking once again.

There is two boxes that consist five pineapples read two boxes consisted five

shows 2 5. The result is 5 + 5 = 10.

236

When the fifth step already controlled properly, it can be said that students

have entered the GASING critical point. It means that students can continuous to

other way multiplication including the multiplication of two-digit numbers.

The following is an example of how to calculate the multiplication of two-digit

numbers:

Tens times tens is hundreds, so put 3 places (ones, tens, hundreds).

Multiply the number from front. 12

1 tens 4 tens = 4 hundreds write on front. 46x

1 tens 6 ones = 6 tens, continuous adding with 12

4 tens 2 ones = 8 tens. 4 _ _4 6 x

Hundreds to be 4 + 1 = 5

The retrieved results is 14 tens or 1 hundreds and 4 tens. 41 4 _

5 4_

Next is 2 ones 6 ones = 12 ones or 1 tens dan 2 ones. 12

The total of tens is 4 + 1 = 5 tens. 46x

Hundreds is 2.

So the finally result from 12 46 is 552. 41 41 2

5 5 2

Motivation is one of the factors which determine the success of the children

in the study because the motivation plays very effective in helping students learn

[18], this makes motivation become one of the prerequisite which is quite

important in learning [19]. Student motivation plays an important role in the

process of conceptual change [20], critical thinking, learning strategies [21, 22] and

the achievement of the learning outcomes [23]. According to Winkel [24] the

motivation of learning is the driving force of psychic power overall in student

learning activities that give rise, ensuring continuity of learning activities and

provide direction on learning activities that for the sake of achieving a goal.

Motivation can arise due to factors from inside and outside that affect the interest

of students towards a subjects [15].

How to motivate students during the learning process is to connect the

learning experience of students with interest. Interest is a characteristic staple that

States the relationship between a person and an object or specific activity [25]

when one is not currently being in the pressure from outside himself [26]. Study

interest is encouragement from inside of someone who's done consciously,

pleasure, voluntarily, even wanted to try repeatedly to understand a content.

Interest is often associated with someone's behaviour to achieve specific goals in

order to get an impression of a condition and interaction in the environment [15,

18]. Interest to have a strong influence on the cognitive domain (knowledge) and

effective (attitude) domain of the individual [27, 28, 29]. This influence is not only

bulit the cognitive domain and effective domain, but also blend in both of it [30].

Research Design

The design that used in this study is quantitative research method with

One Shot Case Study. On the research of One Shot Case Study were given

237

treatment and subsequently observed the result [12]. The sampling technique had

been used is purposive sampling and data collected by test and questionaire.

This forms of design research according to Sugiyono [12] is as follows:

X O

Note:

X : learning multiplication of two-digit numbers with a Matematika GASING

O : post-test value

The expected results this research are: 1) identify problems and goals, 2)

determine appropriate research design issues and research purposes, 3) arrange the

instruments test, 4) give learning a two-digit integer multiplication, 5) give post-

test for two-digit multiplication content with two-digit and two-digit multiplication

and a three-digit, 6) give the questionaires to know interests and motivation

learning of students, 7) make an analysis of the test results, 8) make the conclusion

of the results of the study, and 9) make research reports.

Research Instrument

The collection of data in this study is to provide a written test and

questionaires. The written test given at the end and this questions made from

revision bloom taksonomi. The level are C1 (remember), C2 (understand), C3

(aplication), dan C4 (analize) [31]. The next post-test question given after learning

will be answered by Matematika GASING students use. Written tests given to two-

digit multiplication this number as many as 30 questions that consists of 25

questions with brief descriptions and 5 reserved form of the story. Problems given

to get the average value of the results of the learning of students with two-digit

numbers multiplication content. Besides giving post-test, students were also given

two questionaires to find out the interest and motivation of students in learning

math after learning about the Matematika GASING.

Result

Based on the results of pre-test and post-test from 5th grade in elementary

school Cihuni I in Kelapa Dua Tangerang districts, obtained the data that the

ability to multiply a two-digit numbers by a two-digits and three-digits by a two-

digits is influenced by the interest and students motivation. The average value of

the post-test students who answered a mathematics way of using Matematika

GASING is 82.47. After the success of the test used on average of students learning

outcomes variables using one of the test. Whose hypothesis are as follows:

Ho : 70

H1 : > 70

Note:

= Average of students learning outcomes.

238

Ho = Average of students learning outcomes less than equal to 70.

H1 = Average of students learning outcomes more than 70.

x 0

Statistics test using: t =

s

n

Note:

t : Statistics value of calculation result .

s : Deviation standard of students learning outcomes.

n : The number of students.

x - 0

t=

s

n

82, 47 70

thitung 3, 510

15,885

20

Therefore the result compared with t table value with dk = (n-1) and

significance level 5%. For testing criteria if t count > t(1 - ) therefore H0 ignored was

consequences H1 accepted, it means the average value more than 70. The result of

calculation obtained tcount value = 3,510, whereas t table = 1,729. Obviously t count >

t(1 - ) it means H0 ignored. Then the average of students learning outcomes more

than 70 or passed through comparison of students indicator value.

Student Interest in Matematika GASING

Student Interest 1

2

3

4

5

239

Based on the questionnaires which had previously been distributed to

students, the obtained results are shown in the diagram above. In the diagram

above shows that student interest towards Matematika GASING belongs to high.

Student Motivation 1

2

3

4

5

6

students, the obtained results are shown in the diagram above. In the diagram

above shows that student motivation towards Matematika GASING belongs to

high.

Findings

Many factor happened during researched. Those factors are:

1. The time taken in this study is too short that is only 3-4 times for 3 weeks.

2. Students are still not accustomed to learning Matematika GASING.

3. Post-test was carried out after the sports lessons so that the child is still in a

condition of fatigue.

3. Concluding Remarks

Based on the research that has been done and results researchers have

presented above can be drawn some conclusions with regard to the interest,

motivation, and student learning outcomes. The summary is as follows:

1. Matematika GASING can be implement into the concept of multiplication.

2. There is positive influence of Matematika GASING toward students

learning outcome.

3. There is positive influence of students interest and motivation

simultaneously to mathematics learning outcome in Matematika GASING.

240

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